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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634441/roles-of-pannexin-1-channels-in-inflammatory-response-through-the-tlrs-nf-kappa-b-signaling-pathway-following-experimental-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-in-rats
#1
Ling-Yun Wu, Zhen-Nan Ye, Chen-Hui Zhou, Chun-Xi Wang, Guang-Bin Xie, Xiang-Sheng Zhang, Yong-Yue Gao, Zi-Huan Zhang, Meng-Liang Zhou, Zong Zhuang, Jing-Peng Liu, Chun-Hua Hang, Ji-Xin Shi
Background: Accumulating evidence suggests that neuroinflammation plays a critical role in early brain injury after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Pannexin-1 channels, as a member of gap junction proteins located on the plasma membrane, releases ATP, ions, second messengers, neurotransmitters, and molecules up to 1 kD into the extracellular space, when activated. Previous studies identified that the opening of Pannexin-1 channels is essential for cellular migration, apoptosis and especially inflammation, but its effects on inflammatory response in SAH model have not been explored yet...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631948/possible-contribution-of-pannexin-1-to-capsaicin-induced-atp-release-in-rat-nasal-columnar-epithelial-cells
#2
Toyoaki Ohbuchi, Ba Hung Do, Hiroki Koizumi, Shoko Takeuchi, Yoichi Ueta, Hideaki Suzuki
Current evidence indicates that transient receptor potential (TRP) channel activity involves a relationship between opening of pannexin-1 and release of ATP into the extracellular space. We examined the effects of agonists of thermosensitive TRP channels (TRPM8, TRPA1, TRPV1, and TRPV2) on ATP release from rat nasal mucosa, and measured ciliary beat frequency (CBF) using digital high-speed video imaging. Single-cell patch clamping from dissociated rat nasal columnar epithelial cells was performed to confirm the relationship between pannexin-1 and TRP...
February 10, 2017: Channels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629631/probenecid-treatment-reduces-demyelination-induced-by-cuprizone-feeding
#3
Nadine Hainz, Philipp Becker, Daniel Rapp, Stefan Wagenpfeil, Bodo Wonnenberg, Christoph Beisswenger, Thomas Tschernig, Carola Meier
Recent experiments showed that a pannexin-1 inhibitor, probenecid, reduced clinical symptoms in the murine experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis when applied during the initial phase of neuronal inflammation. An inflammatory component is also present in a toxically induced inflammation and demyelination using cuprizone diet. Probenecid is a pannexin-1 antagonist and a probenecid therapy was investigated. Mice were fed for 10days with a cuprizone diet. In the following, the diet was continued but combined with a daily injection of a low dose of probenecid or solvent for 10days...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625689/multiple-and-complex-influences-of-connexins-and-pannexins-on-cell-death
#4
REVIEW
Jérôme Gilleron, Diane Carette, Dominique Segretain, Georges Pointis
Cell death is a fundamental process for organogenesis, immunity and cell renewal. During the last decades a broad range of molecular tools were identified as important players for several different cell death pathways (apoptosis, pyroptosis, necrosis, autosis…). Aside from these direct regulators of cell death programs, several lines of evidence proposed connexins and pannexins as potent effectors of cell death. In the present review we discussed the potential roles played by connexins, pannexins and innexins in the different cell death programs at different scales from gap junction intercellular communication to protein-protein interactions...
June 15, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612258/downregulated-glia-interplay-and-increased-mirna-155-as-promising-markers-to-track-als-at-an%C3%A2-early-stage
#5
Carolina Cunha, Catarina Santos, Cátia Gomes, Adelaide Fernandes, Alexandra Marçal Correia, Ana Maria Sebastião, Ana Rita Vaz, Dora Brites
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease of unknown cause. Absence of specific targets and biomarkers compromise the development of new therapeutic strategies and of innovative tools to stratify patients and assess their responses to treatment. Here, we investigate changes in neuroprotective-neuroinflammatory actions in the spinal cord of SOD1 (G93A) mice, at presymptomatic and symptomatic stages to identify stage-specific biomarkers and potential targets. Results showed that in the presymptomatic stage, there are alterations in both astrocytes and microglia, which comprise decreased expression of GFAP and S100B and upregulation of GLT-1, as well as reduced expression of CD11b, M2-phenotype markers, and a set of inflammatory mediators...
June 13, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586339/erratum-blocking-microglial-pannexin-1-channels-alleviates-morphine-withdrawal-in-rodents
#6
Nicole E Burma, Robert P Bonin, Heather Leduc-Pessah, Corey Baimel, Zoe F Cairncross, Michael Mousseau, Jhenkruthi Vijaya Shankara, Patrick L Stemkowski, Dinara Baimoukhametova, Jaideep S Bains, Michael C Antle, Gerald W Zamponi, Catherine M Cahill, Stephanie L Borgland, Yves DeKoninck, Tuan Trang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 6, 2017: Nature Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580666/connexins-and-pannexins-at-the-junction-of-neuro-glial-homeostasis-disease
#7
REVIEW
Andrew S Lapato, Seema K Tiwari-Woodruff
In the central nervous system (CNS), connexin (Cx)s and pannexin (Panx)s are an integral component of homeostatic neuronal excitability and synaptic plasticity. Neuronal Cx gap junctions form electrical synapses across biochemically similar GABAergic networks, allowing rapid and extensive inhibition in response to principle neuron excitation. Glial Cx gap junctions link astrocytes and oligodendrocytes in the pan-glial network that is responsible for removing excitotoxic ions and metabolites. In addition, glial gap junctions help constrain excessive excitatory activity in neurons and facilitate astrocyte Ca(2+) slow wave propagation...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560708/tonabersat-prevents-inflammatory-damage-in-the-central-nervous-system-by-blocking-connexin43-hemichannels
#8
Yeri Kim, Jarred M Griffin, Mohd N Mat Nor, Jie Zhang, Peter S Freestone, Helen V Danesh-Meyer, Ilva D Rupenthal, Monica Acosta, Louise F B Nicholson, Simon J O'Carroll, Colin R Green
The cis benzopyran compound tonabersat (SB-220453) has previously been reported to inhibit connexin26 expression in the brain by attenuating the p38-mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway. We show here that tonabersat directly inhibits connexin43 hemichannel opening. Connexin43 hemichannels have been called "pathological pores" based upon their role in secondary lesion spread, edema, inflammation, and neuronal loss following central nervous system injuries, as well as in chronic inflammatory disease. Both connexin43 hemichannels and pannexin channels released adenosine triphosphate (ATP) during ischemia in an in vitro ischemia model, but only connexin43 hemichannels contributed to ATP release during reperfusion...
May 30, 2017: Neurotherapeutics: the Journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559189/the-role-of-connexin-and-pannexin-containing-channels-in-the-innate-and-acquired-immune-response
#9
Silvana Valdebenito, Andrea Barreto, Eliseo A Eugenin
Connexin (Cx) and pannexin (Panx) containing channels - gap junctions (GJs) and hemichannels (HCs) - are present in virtually all cells and tissues. Currently, the role of these channels under physiological conditions is well defined. However, their role in the immune response and pathological conditions has only recently been explored. Data from several laboratories demonstrates that infectious agents, including HIV, have evolved to take advantage of GJs and HCs to improve viral/bacterial replication, enhance inflammation, and help spread toxicity into neighboring areas...
May 27, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559187/gap-junction-gene-and-protein-families-connexins-innexins-and-pannexins
#10
Eric C Beyer, Viviana M Berthoud
Gap junction channels facilitate the intercellular exchange of ions and small molecules. While this process is critical to all multicellular organisms, the proteins that form gap junction channels are not conserved. Vertebrate gap junctions are formed by connexins, while invertebrate gap junctions are formed by innexins. Interestingly, vertebrates and lower chordates contain innexin homologs, the pannexins, which also form channels, but rarely (if ever) make intercellular channels. While the connexin and the innexin/pannexin polypeptides do not share significant sequence similarity, all three of these protein families share a similar membrane topology and some similarities in quaternary structure...
May 27, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516276/p2x7-receptor-pannexin-1-interaction-mediates-extracellular-alpha-synuclein-induced-atp-release-in-neuroblastoma-sh-sy5y-cells
#11
Anna Wilkaniec, Magdalena Gąssowska, Grzegorz A Czapski, Magdalena Cieślik, Grzegorz Sulkowski, Agata Adamczyk
Abnormalities of alpha-synuclein (ASN), the main component of protein deposits (Lewy bodies), were observed in Parkinson's disease (PD), dementia with Lewy bodies, Alzheimer's disease, and other neurodegenerative disorders. These alterations include increase in the levels of soluble ASN oligomers in the extracellular space. Numerous works have identified several mechanisms of their toxicity, including stimulation of the microglial P2X7 receptor leading to oxidative stress. While the significant role of purinergic signaling-particularly, P2 family receptors-in neurodegenerative disorders is well known, the interaction of extracellular soluble ASN with neuronal purinergic receptors is yet to be studied...
May 17, 2017: Purinergic Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495860/p2x7-receptor-crosstalk-regulates-atp-induced-pannexin-1-internalization
#12
Andrew K J Boyce, Leigh A Swayne
In the nervous system, extracellular ATP levels transiently increase in physiological and pathophysiological circumstances, effecting key signalling pathways in plasticity and inflammation through purinergic receptors. Pannexin 1 (Panx1) forms ion and metabolite-permeable channels that mediate ATP release and are particularly enriched in the nervous system. Our recent study demonstrated that elevation of extracellular ATP triggers Panx1 internalization in a concentration and time-dependent manner. Notably, this effect was sensitive to inhibition of ionotropic P2X7 purinergic receptors (P2X7Rs)...
May 11, 2017: Biochemical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495272/pannexins-in-vision-hearing-olfaction-and-taste
#13
REVIEW
Paige Whyte-Fagundes, Ryan Siu, Cherie Brown, Georg Zoidl
In mammals, the pannexin gene family consists of three members (Panx1, 2, 3), which represent a class of integral membrane channel proteins sharing some structural features with chordate gap junction proteins, the connexins. Since their discovery in the early 21st century, pannexin expression has been detected throughout the vertebrate body including eye, ear, nose and tongue, making the investigation of the roles of this new class of channel protein in health and disease very appealing. The localization in sensory organs, coupled with unique channel properties and associations with major signaling pathways make Panx1, and its relative's, significant contributors for fundamental functions in sensory perception...
May 8, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494020/pannexin-3-regulates-proliferation-and-differentiation-of-odontoblasts-via-its-hemichannel-activities
#14
Tsutomu Iwamoto, Takashi Nakamura, Masaki Ishikawa, Keigo Yoshizaki, Asuna Sugimoto, Hiroko Ida-Yonemochi, Hayato Ohshima, Masahiro Saito, Yoshihiko Yamada, Satoshi Fukumoto
Highly coordinated regulation of cell proliferation and differentiation contributes to the formation of functionally shaped and sized teeth; however, the mechanism underlying the switch from cell cycle exit to cell differentiation during odontogenesis is poorly understood. Recently, we identified pannexin 3 (Panx3) as a member of the pannexin gap junction protein family from tooth germs. The expression of Panx3 was predominately localized in preodontoblasts that arise from dental papilla cells and can differentiate into dentin-secreting odontoblasts...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464732/oral-probenecid-improves-sperm-motility-in-men-with-spinal-cord-injury
#15
Emad Ibrahim, Teodoro C Aballa, Charles M Lynne, Nancy L Brackett
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study (twenty men with spinal cord injury [SCI]). OBJECTIVE: Determine if administration of oral probenecid results in improved sperm motility in men with SCI. SETTING: Major university medical center. METHODS: Twenty men with SCI were administered probenecid for 4 weeks (250 mg twice a day for 1 week, followed by 500 mg twice a day for 3 weeks). Semen quality was assessed at three time points: pre-treatment, post-treatment (immediately after the 4-week treatment), and follow-up (4 weeks after the last pill was ingested)...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461585/up-regulated-ectonucleotidases-in-fas-associated-death-domain-protein-and-receptor-interacting-protein-kinase-1-deficient-jurkat-leukemia-cells-counteract-extracellular-atp-amp-accumulation-via-pannexin-1-channels-during-chemotherapeutic-drug-induced-apoptosis
#16
Andrea M Boyd-Tressler, Graham S Lane, George R Dubyak
Pannexin-1 (Panx1) channels mediate the efflux of ATP and AMP from cancer cells in response to induction of extrinsic apoptosis by death receptors or intrinsic apoptosis by chemotherapeutic agents. We previously described the accumulation of extracellular ATP /AMP during chemotherapy-induced apoptosis in Jurkat human leukemia cells. In this study, we compared how different signaling pathways determine extracellular nucleotide pools in control Jurkat cells versus Jurkat lines that lack the Fas-associated death domain (FADD) or receptor-interacting protein kinase 1 (RIP1) cell death regulatory proteins...
July 2017: Molecular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445139/pannexin1-knockout-and-blockade-reduces-ischemic-stroke-injury-in-female-but-not-in-male-mice
#17
Moises Freitas-Andrade, John F Bechberger, Brian A MacVicar, Victor Viau, Christian C Naus
The membrane channel Pannexin 1 (Panx1) mediates apoptotic and inflammatory signaling cascades in injured neurons, responses previously shown to be sexually dimorphic under ischemic conditions. We tested the hypothesis that Panx1 plays an underlying role in mediating sex differences in stroke outcome responses. Middle-aged, 8-9 month old male and female wild type and Panx1 KO mice were subjected to permanent middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion, and infarct size and astrocyte and microglia activation were assessed 4 days later...
June 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434079/cell-culture-complications-due-to-mechanical-release-of-atp-and-activation-of-purinoceptors
#18
REVIEW
Geoffrey Burnstock, Gillian E Knight
There is abundant evidence that ATP (adenosine 5'-triphosphate) is released from a variety of cultured cells in response to mechanical stimulation. The release mechanism involved appears to be a combination of vesicular exocytosis and connexin and pannexin hemichannels. Purinergic receptors on cultured cells mediate both short-term purinergic signalling of secretion and long-term (trophic) signalling such as proliferation, migration, differentiation and apoptosis. We aim in this review to bring to the attention of non-purinergic researchers using tissue culture that the release of ATP in response to mechanical stress evoked by the unavoidable movement of the cells acting on functional purinergic receptors on the culture cells is likely to complicate the interpretation of their data...
April 22, 2017: Cell and Tissue Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430869/inhibition-of-the-p2x7-panx1-complex-suppresses-spreading-depolarization-and-neuroinflammation
#19
Shih-Pin Chen, Tao Qin, Jessica L Seidel, Yi Zheng, Matthias Eikermann, Michel D Ferrari, Arn M J M van den Maagdenberg, Michael A Moskowitz, Cenk Ayata, Katharina Eikermann-Haerter
Spreading depolarization is a wave of neuronal and glial depolarization. Within minutes after spreading depolarization, the neuronal hemichannel pannexin 1 (PANX1) opens and forms a pore complex with the ligand-gated cation channel P2X7, allowing the release of excitatory neurotransmitters to sustain spreading depolarization and activate neuroinflammation. Here, we explore the hypothesis that the P2X7-PANX1 pore complex is a critical determinant of spreading depolarization susceptibility with important consequences for neuroinflammation and trigeminovascular activation...
June 1, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425078/involvement-of-interstitial-cells-of-cajal-in-bladder-dysfunction-in-mice-with-experimental-autoimmune-encephalomyelitis
#20
Zhibo Jin, Yinghui Ding, Rui Xue, Zhankui Jia, Zhenlin Huang, Yafei Ding, Chaohui Gu, Jinjian Yang
BACKGROUND: Bladder dysfunction is an important symptom of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). Our previous study showed that EAE-induced upregulation of the E-prostanoid receptor 3 (EP3) and E-prostanoid receptor 4 (EP4) in the bladder was accompanied by bladder dysfunction. Although many other studies have evaluated the lower urinary tract symptoms in multiple sclerosis, the mechanism remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) on bladder dysfunction in a novel neurogenic bladder model induced by experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis...
April 19, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
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