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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221069/whatever-happened-to-the-human-experience-in-undergraduate-psychology-comment-on-the-special-issue-on-undergraduate-education-in-psychology-2016
#1
Oksana Yakushko, Derek Hook
This comment addresses the omission of a series of critical reflections in recent discussions of undergraduate education in psychology. The lack of a stronger focus on human meaning and experience, on social context, on methodological diversity, and on social critique limits the critical horizons of undergraduate psychology education. Many perspectives are routinely excluded from undergraduate psychology curricula and associated guidelines, particularly psychoanalytic theories, human science approaches, and related critical standpoints...
February 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210235/clinical-case-studies-in-psychoanalytic-and-psychodynamic-treatment
#2
REVIEW
Jochem Willemsen, Elena Della Rosa, Sue Kegerreis
This manuscript provides a review of the clinical case study within the field of psychoanalytic and psychodynamic treatment. The method has been contested for methodological reasons and because it would contribute to theoretical pluralism in the field. We summarize how the case study method is being applied in different schools of psychoanalysis, and we clarify the unique strengths of this method and areas for improvement. Finally, based on the literature and on our own experience with case study research, we come to formulate nine guidelines for future case study authors: (1) basic information to include, (2) clarification of the motivation to select a particular patient, (3) information about informed consent and disguise, (4) patient background and context of referral or self-referral, (5) patient's narrative, therapist's observations and interpretations, (6) interpretative heuristics, (7) reflexivity and counter-transference, (8) leaving room for interpretation, and (9) answering the research question, and comparison with other cases...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199427/-attachment-trauma-and-dissociation-the-genesis-of-the-dissociated-personality
#3
Ricardo E Cortese
In the present work we will deepen on the dissociative identity disorder (DID) and in the main current explanatory theory doomed to elucidate its genesis. The latter implies the interweaving of the notions of trauma, dissociation and attachment, relying on the psychoanalytic traditions and cognitive behavioral, generating an integrated perspective that transfigures the way how it was dealt with clinically and therapeutically this disorder. Under the perspective of the latter, the DID appears insert in the framework of the dissociative disorders of the personality, the same as the borderline organization, and in turn related to those dissociative disorders acquired in adulthood, which includes the post-traumatic stress disorder and some somatization disorders and conversion, which suggests the existence of an extended spectrum of dissociative disorders...
March 2016: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168882/the-evolution-of-psychoanalytic-thought-a-brief-view-through-the-lens-of-western-art-and-history-freud-and-beyond
#4
Tania Stavovy
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to explore the diversity and progress in psychoanalysis and psychotherapy post-Sigmund Freud from the perspective of Western art. Since 1900 the shift from one-person psychology to the more contemporary two-person psychology is reflected in the creativity of artists, particularly in their depiction of the mother-infant relationship. CONCLUSION: An alternative perspective in understanding the evolution of Man's nature can be drawn from a discourse between art, history and psychoanalytic thought...
February 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168701/letter-from-the-president-of-the-european-psychoanalytic-federation-looking-at-the-future-of-the-epf
#5
Jorge Canestri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168697/the-death-instinct-and-the-mental-dimension-beyond-the-pleasure-principle-in-the-works-of-spielrein-and-freud
#6
Fátima Caropreso
In 'Destruction as Cause of Come-into-being', Spielrein argues for the need of postulating the existence of a death instinct in mental functioning. The idea that she thus anticipated the concept of death instinct Freud introduced in 1920 is often found in psychoanalytic literature. But the specific meaning of Spielrein's hypothesis is seldom discussed, as well as the extent to which she anticipated Freud's concept. In fact, there are important differences between their views. Besides, a closer analysis of Spielrein's text reveals other ideas that come close to fundamental aspects of Freud's theories from 1920 onwards, particularly the assumption of a more primordial mental functioning than the one regulated by the pleasure principle...
February 7, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135156/dream-images-and-creation
#7
Céline Masson, Silke Schauder, Simone Korff Sausse
This article links contemporary psychoanalytic theories of the dream, especially Bion's, with the work of the American video artist Bill Viola, who is deeply influenced by altered states of consciousness and produces images of dreamlike quality. We discuss the oneiric and infantile roots of creativity and artistic inspiration, finally taking Viola's monumental artwork The Passing (1991) as paradigmatic of the artist's aesthetic and philosophical elaboration of the relationship between life and death.
February 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135155/masochism-a-mixed-method-analysis-of-its-development-psychological-function-and-conceptual-evolution
#8
Vera Békés, J Christopher Perry, Brian M Robertson
This article reviewed the concept of masochism by using a mixed-method approach to analyze 23 publications from 1924 to 2012 by authors from different psychoanalytic schools. Qualitative analysis showed that most authors emphasized painful early attachments, early injury of self-representation, identification with an abusing parent, and narcissistic injury as core experiences in the early childhood of patients with masochism. The main psychological function of masochism was described as a way of avoiding uncontrollable suffering by willingly undertaking other, milder, more controllable suffering...
February 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135154/troubling-gender-or-engendering-trouble-the-problem-with-gender-dysphoria-in-psychoanalysis
#9
Ayelet R Barkai
This paper reviews existing case reports in the psychoanalytic literature of children diagnosed with gender identity disorder (GID), now called gender dysphoria. It concentrates on a review of problems and psychoanalytic dilemmas inherent in the use of the term GID and elucidates the concurrent quandaries this term both signifies and is symptomatic of. The focus is on reports of child psychoanalyses published during or after 1991, when the American Psychoanalytic Association formally adopted a nondiscrimination policy against homosexuality...
February 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135152/agents-of-law-psychoanalytic-perspective-on-parenthood-practices-as-socially-accepted-violence
#10
Efrat Even-Tzur, Uri Hadar
This paper presents a theoretical model of parental authority from the vantage point of parental subjecthood, using a roughly Lacanian formulation of what it means to take a (parental) subject position. For Freud, the parental role involves the acceptance of social rules that may, at times, involve a socially acceptable degree of violence. Nevertheless, psychoanalytic discussions have disregarded the parents' subjective experience as agents of the Law and purveyors of threatening authority. The authors elaborate on Freud's and Lacan's ideas and delineate several prime types of parental identifications as agents of Law...
February 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135151/developmental-considerations-in-the-origins-of-object-relations-implications-for-normative-development-and-clinical-practice
#11
Eric D Rankin
While previous writers have considered the possibility of pre-object phases of psychic development, their offerings have tended to focus on its conceptualization and implications for psychopathology and psychoanalytic care. The purpose of this paper is to extend some of these ideas by proposing a developmental model that includes a pre-object phase of normal psychic development within an object relations framework and by discussing how this model might further inform our understanding of psychopathology associated with early development and its analytic treatment...
February 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077849/emigration-from-within
#12
Judit Szekacs-Weisz
Listening to the stories of people belonging to different generations in motion-both in our consulting rooms and our personal lives-served as introductory lectures into the fundamental aspects of changing context. Through these rich and diverse stories, one enters a territory which is not only multilingual but multidimensional: defined and shaped by historical, political, economic and socio-cultural transformations. Giving voice to these silent stories proved helpful for us when going behind walls that traditional analysis could not always penetrate, partly because, in many cases, analysts and analysands have been struggling with the same untouchable issues...
December 2016: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077848/the-economy-of-the-totalitarian-mind-the-case-of-the-immigrant-child
#13
Kathleen Kelley-Lainé
Immigration in early childhood can be considered as a traumatic situation. It often goes unrecognized since children adapt to most conditions and conform to their environment with astonishing agility. Inspired by the sensitive work of Sándor Ferenczi, and Donald Winnicott, regarding the psychic economy of maturational processes, the author explores the concept of totalitarian functioning and its obstruction of the growing psyche. Before birth we are all totalitarian, one with the mother; this symbiotic, invincible state of survival mode is prolonged as the immature newborn child ignores the requirements of reality and enjoys omnipotent pleasure through hallucination...
December 2016: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077845/when-words-were-wanted-but-woefully-wanting-we-waged-war-with-chess
#14
Burton Norman Seitler
What do you say to a child who rarely speaks? How do you work with such a youngster? What are the sine qua nons or guiding principles upon which analysts can draw? And, how do we know if we are being helpful? Sam was 9-years when I began treating him. He was extremely withdrawn and rarely spoke more than a few words. Instead, he mainly played chess. I did not know at first whether Sam's taciturn demeanor was due to shyness, limited verbal abilities, or the stultifying effects of trauma. Fortuitously, during one of many seemingly "innocent" games of chess, Sam happened to make a bold move, to which I admiringly remarked, "What a move, you're killing me...
December 2016: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060984/-saints-in-medicine-during-the-great-wars-of-the-twentieth-century
#15
María Agustina Martini, Bárbara C Finn, Julio E Bruetman, Pablo Young
In the political and social context of World War periods and unstoppable technological advances, health professionals in the early twentieth century tried to orientate the practice of medicine towards a modern anthropological concept close to the biomedical perspective, which defends the dignity of a person. Threatened by the risks represented by collectivism and the meanness of the prevailing repressive governments, a personal struggle for the defense of life aroused, which was socially expressed by the advent of bioethics, psychoanalytic theories and the concept that environment has an important role in people’s health and welfare...
September 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966795/the-so-called-death-drive-an-indispensable-force-for-any-subjective-life
#16
Bernard Penot
The psychoanalytic movement has difficulty in overcoming the malaise bequeathed by what Freud wanted to call the 'death drive'. This term remains doubly problematic: first because the indispensable antagonist of Eros-binding cannot be reduced to a particular drive; and secondly because this Anteros plays a vital role in subjectivization. The Freudian idea of the 'death drive' has in addition the drawback of confusing dissociative thrust (unbinding) with the aggressive component of libidinal cathexis. Now it is precisely the lack of articulation between them that leads to deconstructing it...
December 14, 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966777/fostering-the-educational-value-of-candidate-evaluation
#17
Arden Rothstein
Approaches to fostering the educational value of candidate evaluation are presented, in view of the plethora of intra-psychic challenges that combine with many other complexities of learning to work as an analyst. Four integrally interrelated practices have been found to address sensitivities inherent in candidates' experience of training in general, and being evaluated in particular. When applied in concert, the institute's evaluative process not only becomes more considered, but also better promotes a psychoanalytic attitude and minimizes the intrusion of evaluators' personal responses...
December 14, 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935463/is-primary-process-cognition-a-feature-of-hypnosis
#18
Michael T Finn, Jared I Goldman, Gyrid B Lyon, Michael R Nash
The division of cognition into primary and secondary processes is an important part of contemporary psychoanalytic metapsychology. Whereas primary processes are most characteristic of unconscious thought and loose associations, secondary processes generally govern conscious thought and logical reasoning. It has been theorized that an induction into hypnosis is accompanied by a predomination of primary-process cognition over secondary-process cognition. The authors hypothesized that highly hypnotizable individuals would demonstrate more primary-process cognition as measured by a recently developed cognitive-perceptual task...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922177/before-attachment-theory-separation-research-at-the-tavistock-clinic-1948-1956
#19
Bican Polat
This article traces the formation of attachment theory to the pioneering research program of Bowlby and his colleagues at the Tavistock Clinic between 1948 and 1956. Through a discussion of the concepts and practices that informed Bowlby's program, I examine the efforts of his team to reconstruct psychoanalytic objects according to preventive objectives and operational criteria. I discuss how the exploratory techniques that Bowlby and his colleagues were developing during these years ultimately led to the establishment of a hybrid investigative framework, in which the prophylactic requirements of mental hygiene, the psychometric model of personality disturbances, the psychoanalytic theory of object relations, and a direct-observational methodology were brought to bear on the problem of the psychological consequences of early separation experiences...
January 2017: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914903/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-and-short-term-psychoanalytical-psychotherapy-versus-a-brief-psychosocial-intervention-in-adolescents-with-unipolar-major-depressive-disorder-impact-a-multicentre-pragmatic-observer-blind-randomised-controlled-superiority-trial
#20
Ian M Goodyer, Shirley Reynolds, Barbara Barrett, Sarah Byford, Bernadka Dubicka, Jonathan Hill, Fiona Holland, Raphael Kelvin, Nick Midgley, Chris Roberts, Rob Senior, Mary Target, Barry Widmer, Paul Wilkinson, Peter Fonagy
BACKGROUND: Psychological treatments for adolescents with unipolar major depressive disorder are associated with diagnostic remission within 28 weeks in 65-70% of patients. We aimed to assess the medium-term effects and costs of psychological therapies on maintenance of reduced depression symptoms 12 months after treatment. METHODS: We did this multicentre, pragmatic, observer-blind, randomised controlled superiority trial (IMPACT) at 15 National Health Service child and adolescent mental health service (CAMHS) clinics in three regions in England...
February 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
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