keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Intermediate phenotypes

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225793/vimentin-regulates-differentiation-switch-via-modulation-of-keratin-14-levels-and-their-expression-together-correlates-with-poor-prognosis-in-oral-cancer-patients
#1
Crismita Dmello, Sharada Sawant, Hunain Alam, Prakash Gangadaran, Saie Mogre, Richa Tiwari, Zinia D'Souza, Manish Narkar, Rahul Thorat, Komal Patil, Devendra Chaukar, Shubhada Kane, Milind Vaidya
Vimentin is an intermediate filament protein, predominantly expressed in cells of mesenchymal origin, although its aberrant expression is seen in many carcinomas during epithelial mesenchymal transition. In cancer, vimentin expression is associated with the transition from a more differentiated epithelial phenotype to a dedifferentiated state. In view of the perceived role of keratins (Ks) as regulators of differentiation in epithelia, it was important to understand whether vimentin modulates differentiation through the reprogramming of keratins, in transformed cells...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222802/counts-of-bovine-monocyte-subsets-prior-to-calving-are-predictive-for-postpartum-occurrence-of-mastitis-and-metritis
#2
Brianna Pomeroy, Anja Sipka, Jamal Hussen, Melanie Eger, Ynte Schukken, Hans-Joachim Schuberth
The heightened susceptibility to infectious diseases in postpartum dairy cows is often attributed to immune dysfunction associated with the transition period. However, the cell populations involved in this immune dysfunction and the dynamics between those populations are not well defined. Monocytes play a crucial role in governing initial immune response in bacterial infections. Bovine monocytes are subdivided in classical (CD14(+)/CD16(-)), intermediate (CD14(+)/CD16(+)) and non-classical monocytes (CD14(-)/CD16(+)) with distinct phenotypic and functional differences...
February 21, 2017: Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221710/mobile-assessment-of-heightened-skin-conductance-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#3
Rebecca Hinrichs, Vasiliki Michopoulos, Sterling Winters, Alex O Rothbaum, Barbara O Rothbaum, Kerry J Ressler, Tanja Jovanovic
BACKGROUND: Increased psychophysiological reactivity is a hallmark intermediate phenotype of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Individuals with PTSD exhibit greater skin conductance (SC) responses to trauma scripts than trauma survivors without PTSD. However, trauma scripts require time for development and cannot be easily used in a single visit. Thus, there is a need for a low-cost, easy-to-use, SC recording protocol for PTSD assessment. METHODS: Using a mobile device (eSense) connected to a portable tablet computer, we assessed SC reactivity to a standard trauma interview (STI) in 63 participants recruited from Grady Memorial Hospital in Atlanta, GA, approximately 1 year after trauma exposure...
February 21, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220062/anatomical-and-molecular-properties-of-long-descending-propriospinal-neurons-in-mice
#4
Jamie R Flynn, Victoria L Conn, Kieran A Boyle, David I Hughes, Masahiko Watanabe, Tomoko Velasquez, Martyn D Goulding, Robert J Callister, Brett A Graham
Long descending propriospinal neurons (LDPNs) are interneurons that form direct connections between cervical and lumbar spinal circuits. LDPNs are involved in interlimb coordination and are important mediators of functional recovery after spinal cord injury (SCI). Much of what we know about LDPNs comes from a range of species, however, the increased use of transgenic mouse lines to better define neuronal populations calls for a more complete characterisation of LDPNs in mice. In this study, we examined the cell body location, inhibitory neurotransmitter phenotype, developmental provenance, morphology and synaptic inputs of mouse LDPNs throughout the cervical and upper thoracic spinal cord...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroanatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216384/novel-homozygous-pck1-mutation-causing-cytosolic-phosphoenolpyruvate-carboxykinase-deficiency-presenting-as-childhood-hypoglycemia-an-abnormal-pattern-of-urine-metabolites-and-liver-dysfunction
#5
Päivi Vieira, Jessie Cameron, Elisa Rahikkala, Riikka Keski-Filppula, Lin-Hua Zhang, Saikat Santra, Allison Matthews, Päivi Myllynen, Matti Nuutinen, Jukka S Moilanen, Richard J Rodenburg, Arndt Rolfs, Johanna Uusimaa, Clara D M van Karnebeek
Clinical and laboratory data were collected from three Finnish patients including a sibling pair and another unrelated child with unexplained childhood hypoglycemia. Transient elevation of alanine transaminase, lactate and tricarboxylic acid cycle intermediates, especially fumarate, were noticed in urine organic acid analysis. Exome sequencing was performed for the patients and their parents. A novel homozygous PCK1 c.925G>A (p.G309R) mutation was detected in all affected individuals. COS-1 cells transfected with mutant PCK1 transcripts were used to study the pathogenic nature of the detected variant...
February 6, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216019/draft-genome-sequence-of-reduced-teicoplanin-susceptible-and-vancomycin-heteroresistant-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-from-sepsis-cases
#6
Yamuna Devi Bakthavatchalam, Balaji Veeraraghavan, Naveen Kumar Devanga Ragupathi, Priyanka Babu, Elakkiya Munuswamy, Thambu David
Here we report the whole-genome shotgun sequence of six methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) showing reduced susceptibility to both vancomycin and teicoplanin. The typical Indian community-acquired MRSA (CA-MRSA) clone ST772-MRSA-V-t657 was the most common genotype (3/6; 50%), followed by ST672-MRSA-IV (2/6; 33%) and ST22-MRSA-IV (1/6; 17%). All strains harboured a mutation in the tcaRAB operon, vraSR, graSR and/or rpoB genes, which are frequently mutated determinants in a heteroresistant vancomycin-intermediate S...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213560/identification-of-putative-substrates-of-sec2-a-chloroplast-inner-envelope-translocase
#7
Yubing Li, Jonathan R Martin, Giovanni A Aldama, Donna E Fernandez, Kenneth Cline
Most chloroplast proteins are synthesized in the cytosol and imported into chloroplasts. Many imported proteins are further targeted to the thylakoid membrane and lumen by the SEC1, TAT or SRP/ALB3 translocases. Others are targeted to the inner chloroplast envelope membrane by un-described translocase(s). Recently, a second SEC system (SEC2) consisting of SCY2, SECE2, and SECA2 was found in the chloroplast envelope. Null mutants of SCY2 in Arabidopsis exhibit a severe embryo lethal phenotype. To investigate the function of SEC2 system in plants, we used inducible RNAi to knockdown SCY2 in Arabidopsis...
February 17, 2017: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213377/interventional-treatment-of-pulmonary-embolism
#8
David M Dudzinski, Jay Giri, Kenneth Rosenfield
Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a serious and prevalent cause of vascular disease. Nevertheless, optimal treatment for many phenotypes of PE remains uncertain. Treating PE requires appropriate risk stratification as a first step. For the highest-risk PE, presenting as shock or arrest, emergent systemic thrombolysis or embolectomy is reasonable, while for low-risk PE, anticoagulation alone is often chosen. Normotensive patients with PE but with indicia of right heart dysfunction (by biomarkers or imaging) constitute an intermediate-risk group for whom there is controversy on therapeutic strategy...
February 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212815/systematic-testing-of-enzyme-perturbation-sensitivities-via-graded-dcas9-modulation-in-saccharomyces-cerevisiae
#9
Matthew Deaner, Hal S Alper
Dissecting genotype-phenotype relationships in a high-throughput and scalable manner is still an unresolved problem facing metabolic engineers. While the RNA-guided nuclease Cas9 has been repurposed as a programmable transcription regulator, its application has typically been limited to binary on/off regulation and thus misses informative and potentially optimal intermediate levels of gene expression. In this work, we establish a rapid method for fine-tuned, graded expression of pathway enzymes via dCas9 regulation by varying sgRNA target location as the dominant parameter...
February 14, 2017: Metabolic Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212607/a-case-of-modular-phenotypic-plasticity-in-the-depth-gradient-for-the-gorgonian-coral-antillogorgia-bipinnata-cnidaria-octocorallia
#10
Iván Calixto-Botía, Juan A Sánchez
BACKGROUND: Phenotypic plasticity, as a phenotypic response induced by the environment, has been proposed as a key factor in the evolutionary history of corals. A significant number of octocoral species show high phenotypic variation, exhibiting a strong overlap in intra- and inter-specific morphologic variation. This is the case of the gorgonian octocoral Antillogorgia bipinnata (Verrill 1864), which shows three polyphyletic morphotypes along a bathymetric gradient. This research tested the phenotypic plasticity of modular traits in A...
February 17, 2017: BMC Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211871/expression-level-is-a-key-determinant-of-e2f1-mediated-cell-fate
#11
Igor Shats, Michael Deng, Adam Davidovich, Carolyn Zhang, Jungeun S Kwon, Dinesh Manandhar, Raluca Gordân, Guang Yao, Lingchong You
The Rb/E2F network has a critical role in regulating cell cycle progression and cell fate decisions. It is dysfunctional in virtually all human cancers, because of genetic lesions that cause overexpression of activators, inactivation of repressors, or both. Paradoxically, the downstream target of this network, E2F1, is rarely strongly overexpressed in cancer. E2F1 can induce both proliferation and apoptosis but the factors governing these critical cell fate decisions remain unclear. Previous studies have focused on qualitative mechanisms such as differential cofactors, posttranslational modification or state of other signaling pathways as modifiers of the cell fate decisions downstream of E2F1 activation...
February 17, 2017: Cell Death and Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210983/multi-view-ensemble-classification-of-brain-connectivity-images-for-neurodegeneration-type-discrimination
#12
Michele Fratello, Giuseppina Caiazzo, Francesca Trojsi, Antonio Russo, Gioacchino Tedeschi, Roberto Tagliaferri, Fabrizio Esposito
Brain connectivity analyses using voxels as features are not robust enough for single-patient classification because of the inter-subject anatomical and functional variability. To construct more robust features, voxels can be aggregated into clusters that are maximally coherent across subjects. Moreover, combining multi-modal neuroimaging and multi-view data integration techniques allows generating multiple independent connectivity features for the same patient. Structural and functional connectivity features were extracted from multi-modal MRI images with a clustering technique, and used for the multi-view classification of different phenotypes of neurodegeneration by an ensemble learning method (random forest)...
February 16, 2017: Neuroinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209612/microrna-520f-reverses-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-by-targeting-adam9-and-tgfbr2
#13
Jasmijn Gm van Kampen, Onno van Hooij, Cornelius Fj Jansen, Frank P Smit, Paula I van Noort, Iman J Schultz, Roel Qj Schaapveld, Jack A Schalken, Gerald W Verhaegh
Reversing epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in cancer cells has been widely considered as an approach to combat cancer progression and therapeutic resistance, but a limited number of broadly comprehensive investigations of microRNAs involved in this process have been conducted. In this study, we screened a library of 1120 microRNA for their ability to transcriptionally activate the E-cadherin gene CDH1 in a promoter reporter assay as a measure of EMT reversal. By this approach, we defined miR-520f as a novel EMT-reversing microRNA...
February 16, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207814/jmjd-5-kdm8-regulates-h3k36me2-and-is-required-for-late-steps-of-homologous-recombination-and-genome-integrity
#14
Pier Giorgio Amendola, Nico Zaghet, João J Ramalho, Jens Vilstrup Johansen, Mike Boxem, Anna Elisabetta Salcini
The eukaryotic genome is organized in a three-dimensional structure called chromatin, constituted by DNA and associated proteins, the majority of which are histones. Post-translational modifications of histone proteins greatly influence chromatin structure and regulate many DNA-based biological processes. Methylation of lysine 36 of histone 3 (H3K36) is a post-translational modification functionally relevant during early steps of DNA damage repair. Here, we show that the JMJD-5 regulates H3K36 di-methylation and it is required at late stages of double strand break repair mediated by homologous recombination...
February 16, 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205142/stepwise-morphological-changes-and-cytoskeletal-reorganization-of-human-mesenchymal-stem-cells-treated-by-short-time-cyclic-uniaxial-stretch
#15
Azim Parandakh, Mohammad Tafazzoli-Shadpour, Mohammad-Mehdi Khani
This study aimed to investigate stepwise remodeling of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) in response to cyclic stretch through rearrangement and alignment of cells and cytoskeleton regulation toward smooth muscle cell (SMC) fate in different time spans. Image analysis techniques were utilized to calculate morphological parameters. Cytoskeletal reorganization was observed by investigating F-actin filaments using immunofluorescence staining, and expression level of contractile SMC markers was followed by a quantitative polymerase chain reaction method...
February 15, 2017: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202734/proper-division-plane-orientation-and-mitotic-progression-together-allow-normal-growth-of-maize
#16
Pablo Martinez, Anding Luo, Anne Sylvester, Carolyn G Rasmussen
How growth, microtubule dynamics, and cell-cycle progression are coordinated is one of the unsolved mysteries of cell biology. A maize mutant, tangled1, with known defects in growth and proper division plane orientation, and a recently characterized cell-cycle delay identified by time-lapse imaging, was used to clarify the relationship between growth, cell cycle, and proper division plane orientation. The tangled1 mutant was fully rescued by introduction of cortical division site localized TANGLED1-YFP. A CYCLIN1B destruction box was fused to TANGLED1-YFP to generate a line that mostly rescued the division plane defect but still showed cell-cycle delays when expressed in the tangled1 mutant...
February 15, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196402/pimelic-acid-the-first-precursor-of-the-bacillus-subtilis-biotin-synthesis-pathway-exists-as-the-free-acid-and-is-assembled-by-fatty-acid-synthesis
#17
Miglena Manandhar, John E Cronan
Biotin synthetic pathways are readily separated into two stages, synthesis of the seven carbon α, ω-dicarboxylic acid pimelate moiety and assembly of the fused heterocyclic rings. The biotin pathway genes responsible for pimelate moiety synthesis vary widely among bacteria whereas the ring synthesis genes are highly conserved. Bacillus subtilis seems to have redundant genes, bioI and bioW, for generation of the pimelate intermediate. Largely consistent with previous genetic studies we found that deletion of bioW caused a biotin auxotrophic phenotype whereas deletion of bioI did not...
February 14, 2017: Molecular Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196256/genetic-association-of-waist-to-hip-ratio-with-cardiometabolic-traits-type-2-diabetes-and-coronary-heart-disease
#18
Connor A Emdin, Amit V Khera, Pradeep Natarajan, Derek Klarin, Seyedeh M Zekavat, Allan J Hsiao, Sekar Kathiresan
Importance: In observational studies, abdominal adiposity has been associated with type 2 diabetes and coronary heart disease (CHD). Whether these associations represent causal relationships remains uncertain. Objective: To test the association of a polygenic risk score for waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) adjusted for body mass index (BMI), a measure of abdominal adiposity, with type 2 diabetes and CHD through the potential intermediates of blood lipids, blood pressure, and glycemic phenotypes...
February 14, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195572/dna-methylation-as-a-putative-mechanism-for-reduced-dendritic-spine-density-in-the-superior-temporal-gyrus-of-subjects-with-schizophrenia
#19
B McKinney, Y Ding, D A Lewis, R A Sweet
Reduced dendritic spine density (DSD) in cortical layer 3 of the superior temporal gyrus (STG), and multiple other brain regions, is consistently observed in postmortem studies of schizophrenia (SZ). Elucidating the molecular mechanisms of this intermediate phenotype holds promise for understanding SZ pathophysiology, identifying SZ treatment targets and developing animal models. DNA methylation (DNAm), the addition of a methyl group to a cytosine nucleotide, regulates gene transcription and is a strong candidate for such a mechanism...
February 14, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188227/the-hla-b27-peptidome-in-vivo-in-spondyloarthritis-susceptible-hla-b27-transgenic-rats-and-the-effect-of-erap1-deletion
#20
Eilon Barnea, Dganit Melamed Kadosh, Yael Haimovich, Nimman Satumtira, Martha L Dorris, Mylinh T Nguyen, Robert E Hammer, Tri M Tran, Robert A Colbert, Joel D Taurog, Arie Admon
HLA-B27 is a class I major histocompatibility (MHC-I) allele that confers susceptibility to the rheumatic disease ankylosing spondylitis (AS) by an unknown mechanism. ERAP1 is an aminopeptidase that trims peptides in the endoplasmic reticulum for binding to MHC-I molecules. ERAP1 shows genetic epistasis with HLA-B27 in conferring susceptibility to AS. Male HLA-B27 transgenic rats develop arthritis and serve as an animal model of AS, whereas female B27 transgenic rats remain healthy. We used large-scale quantitative mass-spectrometry to identify over 15,000 unique HLA-B27 peptide ligands, isolated after immunoaffinity purification of the B27 molecules from the spleens of HLA-B27 transgenic rats...
February 10, 2017: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
keyword
keyword
12650
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"