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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318666/cardiac-sympathetic-denervation-100years-later-jonnesco-would-have-never-believed-it
#1
Peter J Schwartz, Gaetano M De Ferrari, Luigi Pugliese
One hundred years have elapsed since Thomas Jonnesco performed the first left cardiac sympathetic denervation (LCSD) in a patient with unmanageable angina pectoris and ventricular tachyarrhythmias, and the progress in the field has surpassed imagination. Here we will review the historic basis of cardiac sympathectomy for the management of life-threatening arrhythmias and will then discuss the often forgotten critical experimental studies that provided the rationale for the amazing growth of its role in clinical management...
March 8, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314473/complex-regional-pain-syndrome-in-burn-pathological-scarring-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
Suman Mewa Kinoo, Bhugwan Singh
Chronic pain in burn pathological scarring is not an uncommon occurrence. The mechanisms of pain are not clearly understood and hence the management approach is often a daunting task. However, meticulous physical examination of these patients may classify them as complex regional pain syndrome, type I. We present a patient with classic signs and symptoms of complex regional pain syndrome associated with burn pathological scarring of her left forearm that had a favourable response to a thoracoscopic sympathectomy...
March 14, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303689/non-healing-ischaemic-digital-ulcer-in-a-systemic-sclerosis-patient-a-challenging-clinical-case
#3
Sophie Blaise, Matthieu Roustit, Alexandra Forli, Bernard Imbert, Jean-Luc Cracowski
Ischaemic digital ulcers (DUs) are an indicator of the severity of the microangiopathy in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). DUs are a frequent complication, affecting about 50% of patients with SSc, and are often recurrent. In cross-sectional studies involving patients with SSc, the frequency of ischaemic DUs was 12-16% with a major impact on hand function and quality of life. Effective therapy for DUs remains elusive. Intravenous iloprost has been demonstrated to have a positive effect on healing of active DUs...
March 16, 2017: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297053/general-regional-or-local-anesthesia-for-successful-radial-cephalic-arteriovenous-fistula
#4
David Shemesh, Yefim Raikhinstein, Ilya Goldin, Oded Olsha
Autogenous fistulas and in particular radiocephalic fistulas are recommended as the first vascular access for hemodialysis. Unfortunately, the rates of early failure and non-maturation are very high. For more than a decade, brachial plexus block has been proposed as the anesthesia of choice for fistula creation due to its beneficial sympathectomy-like effect, causing vasodilation and attenuation of spasm. Until recently, there was not a single randomized clinical study supporting this proposition. Because performing regional anesthesia is time-consuming and requires expertise, many surgeons prefer local or general anesthesia for vascular access surgery...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284421/microwave-treatment-for-axillary-hyperhidrosis-and-bromhidrosis
#5
I Sánchez-Carpintero, A Martín-Gorgojo, R Ruiz-Rodríguez
Axillary hyperhidrosis (AH) and bromhidrosis are common causes of consultation in dermatology. Currently, the most widely prescribed treatment for AH is botulinum toxin, a very effective but temporary option; it is totally ineffective in bromhidrosis. Sympathectomy is an increasingly infrequent choice of treatment due to the high incidence of compensatory hyperhidrosis. We describe the treatment of AH and bromhidrosis with a novel microwave device that can fibrose eccrine and apocrine glands, achieving possibly permanent results...
March 8, 2017: Actas Dermo-sifiliográficas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282662/r3-versus-r4-thoracoscopic-sympathectomy-for-severe-palmar-hyperhidrosis
#6
Wenxiong Zhang, Yiping Wei, Han Jiang, Jianjun Xu, Dongliang Yu
Background Thoracoscopic sympathectomy (TS) was the preferred surgical treatment for palmar hyperhidrosis (PH), but postoperative complications such as compensatory sweating (CS) were common. This study was projected to compare R3 versus R4 TS for treating severe PH. Methods From April 2009 and March 2015, 106 consecutive patients with severe PH underwent bilateral R3 (n = 62) or R4 (n = 44) TS at The Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University. The patients were followed up to evaluate symptom resolution, postoperative complications, satisfaction level, and severity of CS...
March 10, 2017: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282661/influence-of-body-mass-index-on-compensatory-sweating-in-patients-after-thoracic-sympathectomy-due-to-palmar-hyperhidrosis
#7
Lukasz Dobosz, Natalia Cwalina, Tomasz Stefaniak
Background Thoracic sympathectomy (TS) is one of the most effective methods of treatment of primary hyperhidrosis. One of the side effects of this procedure is compensatory sweating (CS). Objective The aim of our study was to evaluate the influence of body mass index (BMI) on CS in patients after TS due to palmar hyperhidrosis. Methods Data from 157 patients with palmar hyperhidrosis who underwent TS were collected. The patients were subsequently divided in two groups according to their initial BMI: group A, BMI < 25 kg/m(2), and group B, BMI ≥ 25 kg/m(2)...
March 10, 2017: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273934/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-t2-t3-or-t4-to-evaluate-the-best-denervation-level-for-palmar-hyperhidrosis
#8
Wenxiong Zhang, Dongliang Yu, Yiping Wei, Jianjun Xu, Xiaoqiang Zhang
We systematically reviewed and compared the clinical outcomes of thoracoscopic sympathectomy (TS) at different denervation levels for palmar hyperhidrosis. We searched PubMed, Ovid MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, ScienceDirect, the Cochrane Library, Scopus and Google Scholar for relevant studies published during 1990-2016. Symptom resolution, patient satisfaction, compensatory sweating (CS), recurrence, dry hands and gustatory sweating were assessed. We selected 13 studies from 2228 for the final analysis...
December 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273218/comparison-between-high-and-low-levels-thoracic-sympathectomy-for-the-treatment-of-palmar-and-axillary-primary-hyperhidrosis-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Gilmar Felisberto Júnior, Cláudio José Rubira, João Paulo Sanches Berumudes, Salum Bueno DA-Silveira-Júnior
Primary hyperhidrosis (PH) is a condition that has a great impact on affected individuals' quality of life, regardless of its location. Its surgical treatment is done through thoracic sympathectomy performed by videothoracoscopy. Standardization of the technique includes section of the sympathetic trunk at different levels, according to the site of symptoms. The aim of this review is to evaluate the efficacy of thoracic sympathectomy through a systematic literature review comparing sympathectomy at different levels of the sympathetic chain...
December 2016: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183572/cervical-sympathetic-blockade-for-the-management-of-electrical-storm
#10
Rehan Ali, Jeffrey Ciccone, Victor Tseng
A 75-year-old man presented with dizziness and fatigue secondary to ventricular and supraventricular arrhythmias. He underwent an elective ablation but continued to suffer from ventricular tachycardia with cardiovascular instability despite antiarrhythmic therapy with multiple agents. The patient continued to develop episodes of ventricular tachycardia and an episode of ventricular fibrillation. Electrical storm encompasses a situation of cardiac instability which may present as several episodes of ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation in a short period...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121620/hypothalamic-%C3%AE-fosb-prevents-age-related-metabolic-decline-and-functions-via-sns
#11
Kazusa Sato, Anna Idelevich, Kenichi Nagano, Glenn C Rowe, Francesca Gori, Roland Baron
The ventral hypothalamus (VHT) integrates several physiological cues to maintain glucose homeostasis and energy balance. Aging is associated with increased glucose intolerance but the underlying mechanisms responsible for age-related metabolic decline, including neuronal signaling in the VHT, remain elusive. We have shown that mice with VHT-targeted overexpression of ∆FosB, a splice variant of the AP1 transcription factor FosB, exhibit increased energy expenditure, leading to decreased adiposity. Here, we show that VHT-targeted overexpression of ∆FosB also improves glucose tolerance, increases insulin sensitivity in target organs and thereby suppresses insulin secretion...
January 20, 2017: Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116967/role-of-surgical-thoracic-sympathetic-interruption-in-treatment-of-facial-blushing-a-systematic-review
#12
Girish Girish, Rovan E D'souza, Preethy D'souza, Melissa G Lewis, Daryll M Baker
OBJECTIVES: This paper aims to review the evidence to support the effectiveness of sympathectomy as a treatment for facial blushing in terms of relief of facial blushing, patient satisfaction, recurrence of blushing, patients regretting treatment and its associated complications. METHODS: A systematic search strategy was performed in Ovid-Medline, Embase, Cochrane library and NICE. Studies reporting outcomes of sympathetic interruption in the treatment of facial blushing were retrieved...
January 25, 2017: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110964/video-assisted-thoracoscopic-bilateral-thoracic-sympathectomy-an-alternative-to-pharmaceutical-disruption-of-sympathetic-neural-activity-in-patients-with-heart-failure
#13
EDITORIAL
Charles C Canver
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 12, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097242/anterior-to-psoas-atp-fusion-of-the-lumbar-spine-evolution-of-a-technique-facilitated-by-changes-in-equipment
#14
Cristian Gragnaniello, Kevin Seex
BACKGROUND: Lateral interbody cages have been proven useful in spinal fusions. Spanning both lateral cortical rims while sparing the Anterior Longitudinal Ligament, the lateral interbody cages restore and maintain disc height while adding stability prior to supplemental fixation. The standard approach for their insertion is by a 90-degree lateral transpsoas method. This is relatively bloodless compared to other techniques although has its limitations, requiring neuro-monitoring and being, at times, very difficult at L4/5 due to iliac crest obstruction or an anterior plexus position...
December 2016: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018840/hand-impairment-in-systemic-sclerosis-various-manifestations-and-currently-available-treatment
#15
Amber Young, Rajaie Namas, Carole Dodge, Dinesh Khanna
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune disease initially recognized by hand involvement due to characteristic Raynaud's phenomenon (RP), puffy hands, skin thickening, and contractures resembling claw deformities. SSc contributes to hand impairment through inflammatory arthritis, joint contractures, tendon friction rubs (TFRs), RP, digital ulcers (DU), puffy hands, skin sclerosis, acro-osteolysis, and calcinosis. These manifestations, which often co-exist, can contribute to difficulty with occupational activities and activities of daily living (ADL), which can result in impaired quality of life...
September 2016: Current Treatment Options in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999501/axillary-block-induced-chemical-sympathectomy-in-the-setting-of-digital-ischemia
#16
José R Soberón, T Michael Truxillo, Christin C Gethers, Taylor A Smith, William E Davis
BACKGROUND: Digital ischemia is associated with several rheumatologic disorders and is often difficult to treat. Symptoms and sequelae can include pain, disability, need for amputation, and poor quality of life. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with digital ischemia were referred for an ultrasound-guided axillary nerve block using liposomal bupivacaine (Exparel, Pacira Pharmaceuticals). The primary outcome measure was radial and ulnar artery diameter preprocedure and postprocedure...
2016: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998860/-anesthetic-effect-and-safety-of-ultrasound-guided-thoracic-paravertebral-blockade-in-sympathectomy-for-palmar-hyperhidrosis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Jin-Dong Xu, Li-Na Yu, Da-Qiang Zhao, Liang Xie, Hai-Yu Zhou, Sheng Wang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the anesthetic effect and safety of ultrasound-guided thoracic paravertebral blockade in video-assisted thoracoscopic sympathectomy for treatment of palmar hyperhidrosis. METHODS: A total of 120 patients undergoing video-assisted thoracoscopic sympathectomy for moderate or severe hyperhidrosis were randomized to receive ultrasound-guided thoracic paravertebral blockade (group A, n=60) or general anesthesia with tracheal intubation (group B, n=60)...
December 20, 2016: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998611/bilateral-sympathectomy-improves-postinfarction-left-ventricular-remodeling-and-function
#18
Fernando Luiz Zanoni, Rafael Simas, Raphael Grillo da Silva, Ana Cristina Breithaupt-Faloppa, Raphael Dos Santos Coutinho E Silva, Fábio Biscegli Jatene, Luiz Felipe P Moreira
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the influence of bilateral or left sympathectomy on left ventricular remodeling and function after myocardial infarction in rats. METHODS: Myocardial infarction was induced in rats by ligation of the left anterior descending coronary. Seven days later, rats were divided into 4 groups: the myocardial infarction, myocardial infarction with left sympathectomy, myocardial infarction with bilateral sympathectomy, and sham groups. After 8 weeks, left ventricular function was evaluated with the use of a pressure-volume conductance catheter under steady-state conditions and pharmacological stress...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982329/relationship-between-anxiety-depression-and-quality-of-life-with-the-intensity-of-reflex-sweating-after-thoracoscopic-sympathectomy-for-treatment-of-primary-hyperhidrosis
#19
Luciara Irene DE Nadai Dias, Eliana Cristina Martins Miranda, Ivan Felizardo Contrera Toro, Ricardo Kalaf Mussi
Objective: to compare the intensity of reflex sweating with the degree of anxiety and its interference in the quality of life of patients undergoing Thoracoscopic (VATS) sympathectomy in the pre- and postoperative period. Methods: we evaluated 54 patients with a mean age of 26 years (16-49 years) undergoing sympathectomy in the R3-R4 level. We applied two questionnaires at three different times: "Quality of life in patients with primary hyperhidrosis" and "Scale for anxiety and depression"...
September 2016: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959471/lumbar-sympathectomy-techniques-for-critical-lower-limb-ischaemia-due-to-non-reconstructable-peripheral-arterial-disease
#20
REVIEW
Veena Kl Karanth, Tulasi Kota Karanth, Laxminarayan Karanth
BACKGROUND: Critical lower limb ischaemia (CLI) is a manifestation of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) that is seen in patients with typical chronic ischaemic rest pain or patients with ischaemic skin lesions - ulcers or gangrene - for longer than 2 weeks. Critical lower limb ischaemia is the most severe form of PAD, and interventions to improve arterial perfusion become necessary. Although surgical bypass has been the gold standard for revascularisation, the extent or the site of disease may be such that the artery cannot be reconstructed or bypassed...
December 13, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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