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Organic fruit vegetables

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094090/biogas-production-from-co-digestion-of-organic-fraction-of-municipal-solid-waste-and-fruit-and-vegetable-waste
#1
REVIEW
Suelen Pavi, Luis Eduardo Kramer, Luciana Paulo Gomes, Luis Alcides Schiavo Miranda
The anaerobic co-digestion of organic fraction of municipal solid waste (OFMSW) and fruit and vegetable waste (FVW) was evaluated in terms of biogas and methane yield, volatile solids (VS) removal rate and stability of the process. The batch experiment was conducted in mesophilic conditions (35°C), with four different OFMSW/FVW ratios (VS basis) of 1/0, 1/1, 1/3, and 0/1. The methane yield from the co-digestion was higher than the mono-digestion for OFMSW and FVW. The optimal mixing ratio of OFMSW/FVW was found to be 1/3...
January 10, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092002/adaptation-of-primocane-fruiting-raspberry-plants-to-environmental-factors-under-the-influence-of-bacillus-strains-in-western-siberia
#2
Anatoly A Belyaev, Margarita V Shternshis, Nina S Chechenina, Tatyana V Shpatova, Anastasya A Lelyak
In geographical locations with a short vegetative season and continental climate that include Western Siberia, growing primocane fruiting raspberry varieties becomes very important. However, it is necessary to help the plants to overcome the environmental stress factors. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of the pre-planting treatment of primocane fruiting raspberry root system with Bacillus strains on the following plant development under variable environmental conditions. In 2012, Bacillus subtilis RCAM В-10641, Bacillus amyloliquefaciens RCAM В-10642, and Bacillus licheniformis RCAM В-10562 were used for inoculating the root system of primocane fruiting raspberry cultivar Nedosyagaemaya before planting...
January 14, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089733/antimicrobial-peptide-gene-cecropin-2-and-defensin-respond-to-peptidoglycan-infection-in-the-female-adult-of-oriental-fruit-fly-bactrocera-dorsalis-hendel
#3
Shi-Huo Liu, Dong Wei, Guo-Rui Yuan, Hong-Bo Jiang, Wei Dou, Jin-Jun Wang
Cecropins and defensins are important antimicrobial peptides in insects and are inducible after injection of immune triggers. In this study, we cloned the cDNAs of two antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), cecropin-2 (BdCec-2) and defensin (BdDef) from Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel), a serious pest causing great economic losses to fruits and vegetables. The BdCec-2 sequence of 192bp encodes a protein of 63 amino acids residues with a predicted molecular weight of 6.78 kD. The 282bp cDNA of BdDef encodes a protein of 93 residues with a predicted molecular weight of 9...
January 12, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087899/increasing-dietary-nitrate-has-no-effect-on-cancellous-bone-loss-or-fecal-microbiome-in-ovariectomized-rats
#4
Melissa N Conley, Cooper Roberts, Thomas J Sharpton, Urszula T Iwaniec, Norman Hord
Studies suggest diets rich in fruit and vegetables reduce bone loss, although the specific compounds responsible are unknown. Substrates for endogenous nitric oxide (NO) production, including organic nitrates and dietary nitrate, may support NO production in age-related conditions, including osteoporosis. We investigated the capability of dietary nitrate to improve NO bioavailability, reduce bone turnover and loss. Six-month-old Sprague Dawley rats [30 ovariectomized (OVX) and 10 sham-operated (sham)] were randomized into 3 groups: (1) vehicle (water) control, (2) low-dose nitrate (LDN, 0...
January 13, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079005/dendritic-cells-modulate-iron-homeostasis-and-inflammatory-abilities-following-quercetin-exposure
#5
Vanessa Galleggiante, Stefania De Santis, Elisabetta Cavalcanti, Aurelia Scarano, Maria De Benedictis, Grazia Serino, Maria Lucia Caruso, Mauro Mastronardi, Aldo Pinto, Pietro Campiglia, Dale Kunde, Angelo Santino, Marcello Chieppa
BACKGROUND: Fruit and vegetables are rich in plant polyphenols, whose consumption is encouraged in healthy dietary regimes due to their antioxidants and anti-inflammatory effects. These organic molecules exhibit numerous properties including phylochelation; the ability to create complex with metal ions. Among polyphenols, we focused our attention to quercetin that previously demonstrated its ability to reduce dendritic cells (DCs) inflammatory cytokine secretion and antigen presentation following LPS exposure...
January 12, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071025/the-effect-of-thermal-treatment-on-antioxidant-capacity-and-pigment-contents-in-separated-betalain-fractions
#6
Katarzyna Mikołajczyk-Bator, Sylwia Pawlak
BACKGROUND: Increased consumption of fruits and vegetables significantly reduces the risk of cardio-vascular disease. This beneficial effect on the human organism is ascribed to the antioxidant compounds these foods contain. Unfortunately, many products, particularly vegetables, need to be subjected to thermal processing before consumption. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of such thermal treatment on the antioxidant capacity and pigment contents in separated fractions of violet pigments (betacyanins) and yellow pigments (betaxanthins and betacyanins)...
July 2016: Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Technologia Alimentaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067835/an-integrated-view-of-the-effects-of-wine-polyphenols-and-their-relevant-metabolites-on-gut-and-host-health
#7
REVIEW
Carolina Cueva, Irene Gil-Sánchez, Begoña Ayuda-Durán, Susana González-Manzano, Ana María González-Paramás, Celestino Santos-Buelga, Begoña Bartolomé, M Victoria Moreno-Arribas
Over the last few decades, polyphenols, and flavonoids in particular, have attracted the interest of researchers, as they have been associated with the health-promoting effects derived from diets rich in vegetables and fruits, including moderate wine consumption. Recent scientific evidence suggests that wine polyphenols exert their effects through interactions with the gut microbiota, as they seem to modulate microbiota and, at the same time, are metabolized by intestinal bacteria into specific bioavailable metabolites...
January 6, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060308/cultivation-of-caenorhabditis-elegans-in-three-dimensions-in-the-laboratory
#8
Tong Y Lee, Kyoung-Hye Yoon, Jin I Lee
The use of genetic model organisms such as Caenorhabditis elegans has led to seminal discoveries in biology over the last five decades. Most of what we know about C. elegans is limited to laboratory cultivation of the nematodes that may not necessarily reflect the environments they normally inhabit in nature. Cultivation of C. elegans in a 3D habitat that is more similar to the 3D matrix that worms encounter in rotten fruits and vegetative compost in nature could reveal novel phenotypes and behaviors not observed in 2D...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043181/dietary-modifications-in-atopic-dermatitis-patient-reported-outcomes
#9
Adi Nosrati, Ladan Afifi, Melissa J Danesh, Kristina Lee, Di Yan, Richard Ahn, Wilson Liao
BACKGROUND: Patients with Atopic Dermatitis (AD) commonly turn to dietary modifications to manage their skin condition. OBJECTIVES: To investigate patient-reported outcomes and perceptions regarding the role of diet in AD. METHODS: 169 AD patients were surveyed in this cross-sectional study. The 61-question survey asked about dietary modifications, perceptions and outcomes. RESULTS: 87% of participants reported a trial of dietary exclusion...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039117/size-dependent-sex-allocation-and-reproductive-investment-in-a-gynodioecious-shrub
#10
Akari Shibata, Gaku Kudo
In sexually dimorphic plants, resource allocation to reproduction often differs between sex morphs. In gynodioecious species, i.e. coexisting hermaphrodite and female plants within a population, females often produce more fruits than hermaphrodites. Since fruit production is costlier than flower production, hermaphrodites and females may regulate flower and fruit production differently in response to resource availability. To clarify the gender-specific strategies of reproductive allocation, we assessed sexual dimorphism in reproductive traits, size-dependent resource allocation, morphological traits, and photosynthetic capacity in a natural population of a gynodioecious shrub, Daphne jezoensis Hermaphrodites had larger flowers and increased flower number with plant size at a rate greater than females, but showed consistently smaller fruit production...
December 30, 2016: AoB Plants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018605/identification-and-characterization-of-tomato-gibberellin-2-oxidases-ga2oxs-and-effects-of-fruit-specific-slga2ox1-overexpression-on-fruit-and-seed-growth-and-development
#11
Shen Chen, Xiaojing Wang, Liying Zhang, Shanshan Lin, Decai Liu, Quanzhi Wang, Shanya Cai, Rania El-Tanbouly, Lijun Gan, Han Wu, Yi Li
Gibberellins (GAs) play a crucial role in growth and development of the tomato fruit. Previously published studies focusing on the effect of GAs on tomato fruits used chemical treatments, constitutive overexpression or silencing of GA biosynthetic and catabolic genes globally throughout the plant. Fruit-specific overexpression of GA catabolic enzyme genes GA2-oxidases (GA2oxs), however, may provide an alternative method to study the role of endogenous GAs on the fruit development. In this study, we have identified 11 SlGA2ox proteins in tomato that are classified into three subgroups...
2016: Horticulture Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994040/association-between-adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-and-semen-quality-parameters-in-male-partners-of-couples-attempting-fertility
#12
Dimitrios Karayiannis, Meropi D Kontogianni, Christina Mendorou, Lygeri Douka, Minas Mastrominas, Nikos Yiannakouris
STUDY QUESTION: Is adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) associated with better semen quality in men of subfertile couples attempting fertility? SUMMARY ANSWER: Greater adherence to the MedDiet, as assessed through the validated Mediterranean diet score (MedDietScore), was significantly associated with higher sperm concentration, total sperm count and sperm motility. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: A-posteriori dietary pattern approaches have revealed that dietary patterns characterized by high intakes of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, fish and low intake of meat are associated with better semen quality...
January 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978407/community-perspectives-on-access-to-and-availability-of-healthy-food-in-rural-low-resource-latino-communities
#13
Zulema Valdez, A Susana Ramírez, Erendira Estrada, Kathleen Grassi, Stephanie Nathan
INTRODUCTION: Attention has focused on the food environment as a result of the growing concern with obesity rates among Latinos in rural areas. Researchers have observed associations between a lack of physical access to affordable produce in areas where supermarkets and grocery stores are limited and poor dietary intake and obesity; these associations are high in rural, low-resource neighborhoods with a high population of Latino residents. We aimed to engage residents of low-resource, Latino-majority neighborhoods in discussions of food access in a rural yet agricultural community setting, which is typically described as a "food desert...
December 15, 2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968720/fluorescence-detection-of-pesticides-using-quantum-dot-materials-a-review
#14
REVIEW
S A Nsibande, P B C Forbes
High pesticide use, especially in agriculture, can lead to environmental pollution and potentially adverse health effects. As result, pesticide residues end up in different media, including water and food products, which may serve as direct routes for human exposure. There is thus a continuous drive to develop analytical methods for screening and quantification of these compounds in the different environmental media in which they may occur. Development of quantum dot (QD) based sensors for monitoring pesticides has gained momentum in recent years...
November 16, 2016: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965680/molecular-cloning-characterization-and-expression-of-misoc1-a-homolog-of-the-flowering-gene-suppressor-of-overexpression-of-constans1-from-mango-mangifera-indica-l
#15
Junya Wei, Debing Liu, Guoyin Liu, Jie Tang, Yeyuan Chen
MADS-box transcription factor plays a crucial role in plant development, especially controlling the formation and development of floral organs. Mango (Mangifera indica L) is an economically important fruit crop, but its molecular control of flowering is largely unknown. To better understand the molecular basis of flowering regulation in mango, we isolated and characterized the MiSOC1, a putative mango orthologs for the Arabidopsis SUPPRESSOR OF OVEREXPRESSION OF CONSTANS1/AGAMOUS-LIKE 20 (SOC1/AGL20) with homology-based cloning and RACE...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939694/understanding-the-anaerobic-biodegradability-of-food-waste-relationship-between-the-typological-biochemical-and-microbial-characteristics
#16
Henry Fisgativa, Anne Tremier, Sophie Le Roux, Chrystelle Bureau, Patrick Dabert
In this study, an extensive characterisation of food waste (FW) was performed with the aim of studying the relation between FW characteristics and FW treatability through an anaerobic digestion process. In addition to the typological composition (paper, meat, fruits, vegetables contents, etc) and the physicochemical characteristics, this study provides an original characterisation of microbial populations present in FW. These intrinsic populations can actively participate to aerobic and anaerobic degradation with the presence of Proteobacteria and Firmicutes species for the bacteria and of Ascomycota phylum for the fungi...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930823/cultivable-microbiome-of-fresh-white-button-mushrooms
#17
Werner Rossouw, Lise Korsten
Microbial dynamics on commercially grown white button mushrooms is of importance in terms of food safety assurance and quality control. The purpose of this study was to establish the microbial profile of fresh white button mushrooms. The total microbial load was determined through standard viable counts. Presence and isolation of gram-negative bacteria including coagulase positive Staphylococci were performed using a selective enrichment approach. Dominant and presumptive organisms were confirmed using molecular methods...
December 8, 2016: Letters in Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930293/the-plant-component-of-an-acheulian-diet-at-gesher-benot-ya-aqov-israel
#18
Yoel Melamed, Mordechai E Kislev, Eli Geffen, Simcha Lev-Yadun, Naama Goren-Inbar
Diet is central for understanding hominin evolution, adaptation, and environmental exploitation, but Paleolithic plant remains are scarce. A unique macrobotanical assemblage of 55 food plant taxa from the Acheulian site of Gesher Benot Ya'aqov, Israel includes seeds, fruits, nuts, vegetables, and plants producing underground storage organs. The food plant remains were part of a diet that also included aquatic and terrestrial fauna. This diverse assemblage, 780,000 y old, reflects a varied plant diet, staple plant foods, environmental knowledge, seasonality, and the use of fire in food processing...
December 20, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923972/lifestyle-behaviors-subjective-health-and-quality-of-life-among-chinese-men-living-with-type-2-diabetes
#19
Ghose Bishwajit, Shangfeng Tang, Sanni Yaya, Zhifei He, Zhanchun Feng
The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between self-reported health (SRH) and quality of life (QoL) with five lifestyle-related behaviors including tobacco smoking, drinking alcohol, physical activity status, consumption of fruits, and consumption of vegetables among men diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Participants were 786 Chinese men older than 40 years and living in urban households. Cross-sectional data on self-rated health, associated sociodemographics, and health-related behaviors were collected from the Study on Global AGEing and Health (Wave 1) of World Health Organization...
December 5, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907133/phosphorous-nutritional-level-carbohydrate-reserves-and-flower-quality-in-olives
#20
Ran Erel, Uri Yermiyahu, Hagai Yasuor, Dan Cohen Chamus, Amnon Schwartz, Alon Ben-Gal, Arnon Dag
The olive tree is generally characterized by relatively low final fruit set consequential to a significant rate of undeveloped pistils, pistil abortion, and flower and fruitlet abscission. These processes are acknowledged to be governed by competition for resources between the developing vegetative and reproductive organs. To study the role of phosphorus (P) nutritional level on reproductive development, trees were grown under four levels of P for three years in large containers. Phosphorus nutritional level was positively related to rate of reproductive bud break, inflorescence weight, rate of hermaphrodite flowers, pistil weight, fruitlet persistence, fruit set and the consequential total number of fruits...
2016: PloS One
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