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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423504/variations-in-the-bitterness-perception-related-genes-tas2r38-and-ca6-modify-the-risk-for-colorectal-cancer-in-koreans
#1
Jeong-Hwa Choi, Jeonghee Lee, Jae Hwan Oh, Hee Jin Chang, Dae Kyung Sohn, Aesun Shin, Jeongseon Kim
Bitterness perception is known to be an important factor in individuals' dietary behaviors and is also associated with the sensing of nutritious/noxious molecules for subsequent metabolic responses in multiple organs. Therefore, the genetic variation in bitterness sensing may be associated with diet-related diseases, including colorectal cancer (CRC). We investigated the influence of variations in the bitterness-sensing genes taste receptor type 2 member 38 (TAS2R38) and carbonic anhydrase 6 (CA6) on the consumption of food, tobacco and alcohol and the risk of CRC in Koreans...
March 28, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421143/the-dual-burden-of-malnutrition-and-associated-dietary-and-lifestyle-habits-among-lebanese-school-age-children-living-in-orphanages-in-north-lebanon
#2
Germine El-Kassas, Fouad Ziade
Childhood is a crucial period affecting physical and intellectual development. Although children living in orphanages are among the most vulnerable groups at risk of malnutrition, there is scarcity of data concerning their nutritional status in Lebanon. To investigate these data, a cross-sectional survey was conducted including a sample of 153 institutionalized children aged 5-14 years from all orphanages in Tripoli. Nutritional status was assessed using anthropometric, clinical, and dietary tools. Interpretation of anthropometric data showed that 13...
2017: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420600/increasing-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-through-a-healthy-eating-blog-a-feasibility-study
#3
Marie-Eve Caplette, Véronique Provencher, Véronique Bissonnette-Maheux, Marilyn Dugrenier, Annie Lapointe, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Sharon Straus, Sophie Desroches
BACKGROUND: Despite efforts made by public health organizations to improve consumption of fruits and vegetables, populations in developed countries usually eat less than the minimum recommended. Social media, such as blogs, represent a unique opportunity for improving knowledge translation in health care because they facilitate interactive communication between the public and health professionals. However, no studies have yet evaluated the effect of blogs to promote dietary behavior changes...
April 18, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408980/wars-between-microbes-on-roots-and-fruits
#4
REVIEW
Ben Lugtenberg, Daniel E Rozen, Faina Kamilova
Microbes in nature often live in unfavorable conditions. To survive, they have to occupy niches close to food sources and efficiently utilize nutrients that are often present in very low concentrations. Moreover, they have to possess an arsenal of attack and defense mechanisms against competing bacteria. In this review, we will discuss strategies used by microbes to compete with each other in the rhizosphere and on fruits, with a focus on mechanisms of inter- and intra-species antagonism. Special attention will be paid to the recently discovered roles of volatile organic compounds...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401398/evaluation-of-the-content-of-antimony-arsenic-bismuth-selenium-tellurium-and-their-inorganic-forms-in-commercially-baby-foods
#5
M Ruiz-de-Cenzano, A Rochina-Marco, M L Cervera, M de la Guardia
Baby foods, from the Spanish market and prepared from meat, fish, vegetables, cereals, legumes, and fruits, were analyzed to obtain the concentration of antimony (Sb), arsenic (As), bismuth (Bi), and tellurium (Te) as toxic elements and selenium (Se) as essential element. An analytical procedure was employed based on atomic fluorescence spectroscopy which allowed to obtain accurate data at low levels of concentration. Values of 14 commercial samples, expressed in nanograms per gram fresh weight, ranged for Sb 0...
April 11, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399480/acute-toxication-of-deltamethrin-results-in-activation-of-inos-8-ohdg-and-up-regulation-of-caspase-3-inos-gene-expression-in-common-carp-cyprinus-carpio-l
#6
Harun Arslan, Serdar Altun, Selçuk Özdemir
Deltamethrin is a widely used synthetic pyrethroid pesticide that protects agricultural yields, including crops, fruits, and vegetables from insect-pests. It is known that deltamethrin toxication leads to metabolic disorders and has detrimental effects on the brain and liver in different organisms. However, the harmful effects of deltamethrin toxication on aquatic animals remain unclear. In the present study, we aimed to evaluate the adverse effects of deltamethrin toxication by performing a histopathological examination, an immunofluorescence assay, and a qRT-PCR on common carp...
April 2, 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370629/a-group-of-grapevine-myba-transcription-factors-located-in-chromosome-14-control-anthocyanin-synthesis-in-vegetative-organs-with-different-specificities-compared-to-the-berry-color-locus
#7
José Tomás Matus, Erika Cavallini, Rodrigo Loyola, Janine Höll, Laura Finezzo, Silvia Dal Santo, Sandrine Vialet, Mauro Commisso, Federica Roman, Andrea Schubert, José Antonio Alcalde, Jochen Bogs, Agnès Ageorges, Giovanni Battista Tornielli, Patricio Arce-Johnson
Grapevine organs accumulate anthocyanins in a cultivar-specific and environmentally induced manner. The MYBA1-A2 genes within the berry color locus in chromosome 2 represent the major genetic determinants of fruit color. The simultaneous occurrence of transposon insertions and point mutations in these genes is responsible for most white-skinned phenotypes. However, red pigmentation found in vegetative organs suggests the presence of additional regulators. This work describes a genomic region of chromosome 14 containing three closely related R2R3-MYB genes, named MYBA5, MYBA6 and MYBA7...
April 2, 2017: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362353/ergosteryl-2-naphthoate-an-ergosterol-derivative-exhibits-antidepressant-effects-mediated-by-the-modification-of-gabaergic-and-glutamatergic-systems
#8
Mingzhu Lin, Haijun Li, Yan Zhao, Enbo Cai, Hongyan Zhu, Yugang Gao, Shuangli Liu, He Yang, Lianxue Zhang, Guosheng Tang, Ruiqing Wang
Phytosterols are a kind of natural component including sitosterol, campesterol, avenasterol, ergosterol (Er) and others. Their main natural sources are vegetable oils and their processed products, followed by grains, by-products of cereals and nuts, and small amounts of fruits, vegetables and mushrooms. In this study, three new Er monoester derivatives were obtained from the reflux reaction with Er: organic acids (furoic acid, salicylic acid and 2-naphthoic acid), 1-Ethylethyl-3-(3-dimethyllaminopropyl) carbodiimide hydrochloride (EDCI) and 4-dimethylaminopyridine (DMAP) in dichloromethane...
March 31, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350010/albino-t-dna-tomato-mutant-reveals-a-key-function-of-1-deoxy-d-xylulose-5-phosphate-synthase-dxs1-in-plant-development-and-survival
#9
Manuel García-Alcázar, Estela Giménez, Benito Pineda, Carmen Capel, Begoña García-Sogo, Sibilla Sánchez, Fernando J Yuste-Lisbona, Trinidad Angosto, Juan Capel, Vicente Moreno, Rafael Lozano
Photosynthetic activity is indispensable for plant growth and survival and it depends on the synthesis of plastidial isoprenoids as chlorophylls and carotenoids. In the non-mevalonate pathway (MEP), the 1-deoxy-D-xylulose-5-phosphate synthase 1 (DXS1) enzyme has been postulated to catalyze the rate-limiting step in the formation of plastidial isoprenoids. In tomato, the function of DXS1 has only been studied in fruits, and hence its functional relevance during plant development remains unknown. Here we report the characterization of the wls-2297 tomato mutant, whose severe deficiency in chlorophylls and carotenoids promotes an albino phenotype...
March 28, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339058/toenail-selenium-as-an-indicator-of-environmental-exposure-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Tommaso Filippini, Angela Ferrari, Bernhard Michalke, Peter Grill, Luciano Vescovi, Chiara Salvia, Carlotta Malagoli, Marcella Malavolti, Sabina Sieri, Vittorio Krogh, Annalisa Bargellini, Antonio Martino, Margherita Ferrante, Marco Vinceti
The relation between toxicity and essentiality of selenium (Se) is of growing interest in human health, as the effects may widely differ depending of its different chemical species and the exposure levels. Toenail Se has been proposed as a reliable biomarker of long-term Se exposure, but few studies investigated the correlation between its toenail content and environmental determinants (i.e., dietary food intake). We aimed to determine the relation of toenail Se levels with serum Se species as well as food items...
March 24, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338708/lower-risk-of-incident-dementia-among-chinese-older-adults-having-three-servings-of-vegetables-and-two-servings-of-fruits-a-day
#11
Allen T C Lee, Marcus Richards, Wai C Chan, Helen F K Chiu, Ruby S Y Lee, Linda C W Lam
Background: dietary modification can potentially reduce dementia risk, but the importance of fruits and the amount of vegetables and fruits required for cognitive maintenance are uncertain. We examined whether the minimal daily requirement of vegetables and fruits recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) would independently lower dementia risk. Methods: in this population-based observational study, we examined the diet of 17,700 community-living dementia-free Chinese older adults who attended the Elderly Health Centres in Hong Kong at baseline and followed their cognitive status for 6 years...
February 10, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330566/the-mads-box-gene-slmbp11-regulates-plant-architecture-and-affects-reproductive-development-in-tomato-plants
#12
Xuhu Guo, Guoping Chen, Muhammad Naeem, Xiaohu Yu, Boyan Tang, Anzhou Li, Zongli Hu
MADS-domain proteins are important transcription factors that are involved in many biological processes of plants. In the present study, SlMBP11, a member of the AGL15 subfamily, was cloned in tomato plants (Solanum lycopersicon M.). SlMBP11 is ubiquitously expressed in all of the tissues we examined, whereas the SlMBP11 transcription levels were significantly higher in reproductive tissues than in vegetative tissues. Plants exhibiting increased SlMBP11 levels displayed reduced plant height, leaf size, and internode length as well as a loss of dominance in young seedlings, highly branched growth from each leaf axil, and increased number of nodes and leaves...
May 2017: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325646/psychometrics-of-the-self-efficacy-consumption-of-fruit-and-vegetables-scale-in-african-american-women
#13
Lisaann S Gittner, Kevin B Gittner
PURPOSE: Assess the psychometric properties of the Self-Efficacy Consumption of Fruit and Vegetable Scale (F/V scale) in African American women. SETTING: Midwestern Health Maintenance Organization. SUBJECTS: 221 African American women age 40-65 with BMI≥30 MEASURES: F/V scale was compared to eating efficacy/availability subscale reported on the WEL and mean micronutrient intake (vitamins A, C, K, folate, potassium, and beta-carotene reported on 3-day food records...
March 8, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325079/dietary-guidelines-for-the-asia-pacific-region
#14
Colin W Binns, Mi Kyung Lee, Masaharu Kagawa, Wah Yun Low, Qiu Liqian, Georgia S Guldan, Tomiko Hokama, Keiko Nanishi, Sreymom Oy, Li Tang, Alfred Zerfas
Nutrition is a major determinant of health throughout all stages of life and together with smoking is the most important risk factor for morbidity and mortality in the Asia Pacific Region. The workshop participants examined Dietary Guidelines and Food Guides that are in use in our region, together with additional materials from the World Health Organization, UNICEF and the World Cancer Research Foundation. The resulting set of guidelines is meant as a reminder of the main issues to be covered in a general public health education program...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322044/furocoumarin-kinetics-in-plasma-and-urine-of-healthy-adults-following-consumption-of-grapefruit-citrus-paradisi-macf-and-grapefruit-juice
#15
Melissa Moser Melough, Terrence M Vance, Sang Gil Lee, Anthony A Provatas, Christopher Perkins, Abrar Qureshi, Eunyoung Cho, Ock K Chun
Furocoumarins are a class of organic compounds found in a variety of vegetables and fruits. Relatively little is known about the absorption and excretion of these compounds following ingestion. The objective of this study was to identify furocoumarins in grapefruit and grapefruit juice, and observe their kinetics in blood and urine. The furocoumarins detected in grapefruit using UPLC-MS/MS were bergamottin, 6',7'-dihydroxybergamottin (6',7'-DHB), epoxybergamottin, and bergaptol. Bergamottin, 6',7'-DHB, bergaptol, and bergapten were detected in grapefruit juice...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303698/dietary-habits-of-wroclaw-medical-university-students-poland
#16
Rafał Ilow, Bożena Regulska-Ilow, Dorota Różańska
Background: The World Health Organization considers an unhealthy diet to be related to the risk of cardiovascular diseases development. Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate dietary habits among Wroclaw Medical University students with a view towards the nutritional risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. Material and Methods: The study was conducted between the years 2004-2012. The study group consisted of 892 women and 276 men...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288429/human-health-risk-assessment-of-ddts-and-hchs-through-dietary-exposure-in-nanjing-china
#17
Qianqian Zhang, Zhonghuan Xia, Minmin Wu, Liping Wang, Hao Yang
In a market based study in Nanjing, a typical southeast city in China, the most common consumed 23 kinds of foods from eleven different categories (vegetable, fruit, fish, pork, livestock meat, chicken, egg, milk, oil, rice and flour) were sampled in November 2015. The concentrations of DDTs and HCHs in foods were analyzed using gas chromatography with mass spectrometer detector. The residual amounts of DDTs and HCHs in foods were 0.95-3.53 ng g(-1) and 0.32-1.96 ng g(-1), respectively. The highest residual of ∑10OCPs was 4...
March 6, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285733/methane-yield-enhancement-via-electroporation-of-organic-waste
#18
Seyedeh Masoumeh Safavi, Runar Unnthorsson
An experimental study with pulsed electric field (PEF) pre-treatment was conducted to investigate its effect on methane production. PEF pre-treatment converts organic solids into soluble and colloidal forms, increasing bioavailability for anaerobic microorganisms participating in methane generation process. The substrates tested were landfill leachate and fruit/vegetable. Three treatment intensities of 15, 30, and 50kWh/m(3) were applied to investigate the influence of pre-treatment on methane production via biochemical methane potential test...
March 9, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273245/grape-juice-increases-the-bdnf-levels-but-not-alter-the-s100b-levels-in-hippocampus-and-frontal-cortex-from-male-wistar-rats
#19
Caroline Dani, Ana Cristina Andreazza, Carlos Alberto Gonçalves, Flávio Kapizinski, João A P Henriques, Mirian Salvador
Several studies have shown that a high consumption of vegetables and fruits is consistently associated with a low risk of oxidative stress-induced diseases, which includes some degenerative diseases such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Alzheimer and Parkinson. Therefore, the objective of this study is to verify the effects of conventional and organic grape juice in the modulation of the neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and astrocytic markers protein (S100B) in hippocampus and frontal cortex of Wistar rats. In this study, 24 male Wistar rats were divided into three groups...
January 2017: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271855/prevalence-of-foodborne-pathogens-in-food-from-selected-african-countries-a-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Narayan Paudyal, Victor Anihouvi, Joseph Hounhouigan, Maitshwarelo Ignatius Matsheka, Bonno Sekwati-Monang, Wisdom Amoa-Awua, Amy Atter, Nina Bernice Ackah, Samuel Mbugua, Agnes Asagbra, Warda Abdelgadir, Jesca Nakavuma, Mogens Jakobsen, Weihuan Fang
Food safety information in the African region is insufficient and fragmented due to lack of surveillance, documentation and reporting, thereby resulting in inefficient utilization of resources, duplication of activities, and lack of synergy among the countries of the region. This paper reviews the prevalence of foodborne pathogens in seven African countries (Benin, Botswana, Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, Sudan and Uganda) from papers in regional or international journals published between January 2000 and December 2015...
March 6, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
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