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Organic fruit vegetables

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783129/effect-of-surfactant-assisted-sonic-pretreatment-on-liquefaction-of-fruits-and-vegetable-residue-characterization-acidogenesis-biomethane-yield-and-energy-ratio
#1
M Shanthi, J Rajesh Banu, P Sivashanmugam
The present study explored the disintegration potential of fruits and vegetable residue through sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS) assisted sonic pretreatment (SSP). In SSP method, initially the biomass barrier (lignin) was removed using SDS at different dosage, subsequently it was sonically disintegrated. The effect of SSP were assessed based on dissolved organic release (DOR) of fruits and vegetable waste and specific energy input. SSP method achieved higher DOR rate and suspended solids reduction (26% and 16%) at optimum SDS dosage of 0...
May 15, 2018: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780405/quercetin-induced-lifespan-extension-in-podospora-anserina-requires-methylation-of-the-flavonoid-by-the-o-methyltransferase-pamth1
#2
Verena Warnsmann, Saskia Hainbuch, Heinz D Osiewacz
Quercetin is a flavonoid that is ubiquitously found in vegetables and fruits. Like other flavonoids, it is active in balancing cellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels and has a cyto-protective function. Previously, a link between ROS balancing, aging, and the activity of O -methyltransferases was reported in different organisms including the aging model Podospora anserina. Here we describe a role of the S -adenosylmethionine-dependent O -methyltransferase PaMTH1 in quercetin-induced lifespan extension...
2018: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762373/use-of-starch-and-modified-starches-in-infant-feeding-a-historical-perspective
#3
Frank R Greer
There is a long history of the use of starch in infant feeding. Proprietary infant foods (1867-1920) contained added starch from either cereal grains or malted carbohydrates. When evaporated milk became available in the 1920s, the use of proprietary foods fell out of favor. Evaporated milk formulas were a mixture of milk, water, and modified starch or milk sugar (lactose). By the late 1920s, however, corn syrup became the most common modified starch added to evaporated milk formulas as it was widely available, inexpensive, and readily accepted...
June 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754910/lifestyle-advice-and-interventions-for-cardiovascular-risk-reduction-a-systematic-review-of-guidelines
#4
Mohammed Y Khanji, Claudia N van Waardhuizen, Vinícius V S Bicalho, Bart S Ferket, M G Myriam Hunink, Steffen E Petersen
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle factors are important in preventing cardiovascular disease (CVD) development. We aimed to systematically review guidelines on primary prevention of CVD and their recommendations on lifestyle advice or intervention, in order to guide primary prevention programs. METHODS: Publications in MEDLINE, CINAHL over 7 years since May 3, 2009 were identified. G-I-N International Guideline Library, National Guidelines Clearinghouse, National Library for Health Guideline finder, Canadian Medical Association InfoBase were searched...
July 15, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752718/effect-of-rearing-substrate-on-growth-performance-waste-reduction-efficiency-and-chemical-composition-of-black-soldier-fly-hermetia-illucens-larvae
#5
Marco Meneguz, Achille Schiavone, Francesco Gai, Andrea Dama, Carola Lussiana, Manuela Renna, Laura Gasco
BACKGROUND: Wastes can be used as rearing substrate by black soldier fly (BSF) larvae, the latter being exploitable as protein source in animal feed. This research aimed to assess the influence of four rearing substrates [Trial 1 (organic wastes): a mixture of vegetable and fruit (VEGFRU) vs a mixture of fruits only (FRU); Trial 2 (agro-industrial by-products): brewery (BRE) vs winery (WIN) by-products] on BSF larvae development, waste reduction efficiency, and nutritional composition...
May 11, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743785/effect-of-organic-dust-exposure-on-pulmonary-functions-in-workers-of-vegetable-market-with-special-reference-to-its-microbial-content
#6
Arun Goel, Balram Ji Omar, Rajesh Kathrotia, Prashant M Patil, Sunita Mittal
Context: Wholesale vegetable market is a rich source of generation of organic dust as loads of fruits and vegetables are loaded and unloaded here daily. Thus, regular workers are exposed to this organic dust for a considerable period of time depending on their work schedule. This study was planned to determine the microbial status of organic dust and to explore its association with pulmonary functions in the workers of wholesale vegetable market in Rishikesh. Materials and Methods: It was a cross-sectional exploratory/observational study...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737517/phytochemical-composition-of-smoothies-combining-pomegranate-juice-punica-granatum-l-and-mediterranean-minor-crops-pur%C3%A3-es-ficus-carica-cydonia-oblonga-and-ziziphus-jujube
#7
M Cano-Lamadrid, P Nowicka, F Hernández, A A Carbonell-Barrachina, A Wojdyło
BACKGROUND: As World Health Organization suggested daily intake of fruits and vegetables is lower than the recommended dietary intake (RDI). A good option to increase the intake of fruit and vegetables is the smoothies consumption. This work evaluated the effect of adding fig, jujube, or quince purée to pomegranate juice (cultivars Wonderful and Mollar de Elche) in preparing smoothies at two ratios purée:juice (40:60 and 60:40) on the composition of minerals, sugars, organic acids, vitamin C, antioxidant activity, and polyphenols...
May 8, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727847/the-influence-of-various-organic-amendments-on-the-bioavailability-and-plant-uptake-of-cadmium-present-in-mine-degraded-soil
#8
Muhammad Amjad Khan, Xiaodong Ding, Sardar Khan, Mark L Brusseau, Anwarzeb Khan, Javed Nawab
Mining of minerals and precious elements leads to land degradation that need to be reclaimed using environmentally friendly and cost effective techniques. The present study investigated the potential effects of different organic amendments on cadmium (Cd) bioavailability in mining-degraded soil and its subsequent bioaccumulation in tomato and cucumber. The selected organic geosorbents (hard wood biochar (HWB), bagasse (BG), rice husk (RH), and maize comb waste (MCW)) were added at application rates of 3% and 5% to chromite mine-degraded soil containing Cd...
May 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724271/evaluation-of-a-multiplex-pcr-for-detection-of-the-top-seven-shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli-serogroups-in-ready-to-eat-meats-fruits-and-vegetables
#9
Anli Gao, Jennifer Fishcher-Jenssen, Colin Cooper, Honghong Li, Jiping Li, Shu Chen, Perry Martos
Background : Ready-to-eat (RTE) meats, fruits, and vegetables contaminated by Shiga toxinproducing Escherichia coli (STEC) raise serious concerns because they are often consumed directly without further processing. Objective: To evaluate a multiplex PCR for the detection of STEC across food categories. Methods: Samples (25 g) from seven RTE meat and nine fruit and vegetable matrices were inoculated with each of seven STEC (O157:H7, O26, O121, O145, O45, O103, O111) strains targeting 10 CFU/25 g, enriched in 225 mL of modified tryptone soya broth (mTSB), and tested by a multiplex real-time PCR for stx and eae genes, following U...
May 3, 2018: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721509/anthocyanins-function-as-anti-inflammatory-agents-in-a-drosophila-model-for-adipose-tissue-macrophage-infiltration
#10
Alice Valenza, Carola Bonfanti, Maria Enrica Pasini, Paola Bellosta
Epidemiological and preclinical studies have demonstrated that bioactive foods like flavonoids, polyphenolic compounds derived from fruits and vegetables, exert a protective action against obesity, cardiovascular disorders, and Adipocyte Tissue Macrophage infiltration (ATM). All these pathologies are characterized by increase in reactive oxygen species (ROS) and in proinflammatory cytokines that have been shown to favor the migration of immune cells, particularly of macrophages, in metabolically active organs like the liver and adipose tissue, that in Drosophila are constituted by a unique organ: the fat body...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719446/ursolic-acid-in-health-and-disease
#11
REVIEW
Dae Yun Seo, Sung Ryul Lee, Jun-Won Heo, Mi-Hyun No, Byoung Doo Rhee, Kyung Soo Ko, Hyo-Bum Kwak, Jin Han
Ursolic acid (UA) is a natural triterpene compound found in various fruits and vegetables. There is a growing interest in UA because of its beneficial effects, which include anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, anti-apoptotic, and anti-carcinogenic effects. It exerts these effects in various tissues and organs: by suppressing nuclear factor-kappa B signaling in cancer cells, improving insulin signaling in adipose tissues, reducing the expression of markers of cardiac damage in the heart, decreasing inflammation and increasing the level of anti-oxidants in the brain, reducing apoptotic signaling and the level of oxidants in the liver, and reducing atrophy and increasing the expression levels of adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase and irisin in skeletal muscles...
May 2018: Korean Journal of Physiology & Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703328/cornus-mas-l-extract-as-a-multifunctional-material-for-manufacturing-cosmetic-emulsions
#12
Z Nizioł-Łukaszewska, T Wasilewski, T Bujak, K Gaweł-Bęben, P Osika, D Czerwonka
Dogwood fruits are a valuable source of active ingredients, such as phenolic compounds, vitamin C, iridoids, flavonoids and anthocyanins. Plant extracts and substances derived from latin Cornus mas L. exhibit not only strong antibacterial but also antioxidant and tonicity properties, effectively preventing the development of inflammation in living organisms. In the present study, we attempted to obtain the innovative, multi-functional plant extract from the fruit of dogwood (Cornus mas L.). During the extraction process a mixture of water, glycerol, and vegetable oil were used as an extractant...
April 2018: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697863/does-organized-sport-participation-during-youth-predict-healthy-habits-in-adulthood-a-28-year-longitudinal-study
#13
Sanna Palomäki, Mirja Hirvensalo, Kylie Smith, Olli Raitakari, Satu Männistö, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Tuija Tammelin
Health behaviors in youth can predict the same behaviors later in life, but the role of sport participation in predicting healthy lifestyle habits is unclear. This study aimed to investigate the association between participation in organized youth sport and adult healthy lifestyle habits. Data from the longitudinal Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study (YFS) with a 28 year follow-up was used. The participation in sport-club training sessions was self-reported by 9-18-year olds in 1983 and 1986 (n=1285). During 2011, participants (aged 37-43-year old) reported their smoking status, alcohol consumption, fruit and vegetable consumption and physical activity...
April 26, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688338/recent-modifications-and-validation-of-quechers-dspe-coupled-to-lc-ms-and-gc-ms-instruments-for-determination-of-pesticide-agrochemical-residues-in-fruits-and-vegetables-review
#14
Abubakar Lawal, Richard Chee Seng Wong, Guan Huat Tan, Lukman Bola Abdulra'uf, Ali Mohamed Ali Alsharif
Fruits and vegetables constitute a major type of food consumed daily apart from whole grains. Unfortunately, the residual deposits of pesticides in these products are becoming a major health concern for human consumption. Consequently, the outcome of the long-term accumulation of pesticide residues has posed many health issues to both humans and animals in the environment. However, the residues have previously been determined using conventionally known techniques, which include liquid-liquid extraction, solid-phase extraction (SPE) and the recently used liquid-phase microextraction techniques...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Chromatographic Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680904/abnormal-development-of-floral-meristem-triggers-defective-morphogenesis-of-generative-system-in-transgenic-tomatoes
#15
Inna Chaban, Marat Khaliluev, Ekaterina Baranova, Neonila Kononenko, Sergey Dolgov, Elena Smirnova
Parthenocarpy and fruit malformations are common among independent transgenic tomato lines, expressing genes encoding different pathogenesis-related (PR) protein and antimicrobal peptides. Abnormal phenotype developed independently of the expression and type of target genes, but distinctive features during flower and fruit development were detected in each transgenic line. We analyzed the morphology, anatomy, and cytoembryology of abnormal flowers and fruits from these transgenic tomato lines and compared them with flowers and fruits of wild tomatoes, line YaLF used for transformation, and transgenic plants with normal phenotype...
April 21, 2018: Protoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666611/genome-sequence-assembly-and-characterization-of-two-metschnikowia-fructicola-strains-used-as-biocontrol-agents-of-postharvest-diseases
#16
Edoardo Piombo, Noa Sela, Michael Wisniewski, Maria Hoffmann, Maria L Gullino, Marc W Allard, Elena Levin, Davide Spadaro, Samir Droby
The yeast Metschnikowia fructicola was reported as an efficient biological control agent of postharvest diseases of fruits and vegetables, and it is the bases of the commercial formulated product "Shemer." Several mechanisms of action by which M. fructicola inhibits postharvest pathogens were suggested including iron-binding compounds, induction of defense signaling genes, production of fungal cell wall degrading enzymes and relatively high amounts of superoxide anions. We assembled the whole genome sequence of two strains of M...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656913/faith-activity-and-nutrition-randomized-dissemination-and-implementation-study-countywide-adoption-reach-and-effectiveness
#17
Sara Wilcox, Ruth P Saunders, Andrew T Kaczynski, Melinda Forthofer, Patricia A Sharpe, Cheryl Goodwin, Margaret Condrasky, Vernon L Kennedy, Danielle E Jake-Schoffman, Deborah Kinnard, Brent Hutto
INTRODUCTION: Faith-based organizations can contribute to improving population health, but few dissemination and implementation studies exist. This paper reports countywide adoption, reach, and effectiveness from the Faith, Activity, and Nutrition dissemination and implementation study. DESIGN: This was a group-randomized trial. Data were collected in 2016. Statistical analyses were conducted in 2017. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Churches in a rural, medically underserved county in South Carolina were invited to enroll, and attendees of enrolled churches were invited to complete questionnaires (n=1,308 participated)...
April 9, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650050/the-associations-of-comorbidities-and-consumption-of-fruit-and-vegetable-with-quality-of-life-among-stomach-cancer-survivors
#18
Ji-Wei Wang, Cheng-Gang Zhang, Qing-Long Deng, Wan-Li Chen, Xian Wang, Jin-Ming Yu
BACKGROUND: Stomach cancer survivors (SCS) often carry the dual burden of the cancer itself and other comorbidities; meanwhile, they are highly motivated to seek health advice about lifestyles to improve their health and quality of life (QOL). The associations of the comorbidity and the consumption of vegetable and fruit with QOL remain even less clear among the SCS. This study aimed to investigate the associations of comorbidities and consumption of fruit and vegetable with QOL among SCS...
April 12, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642428/consumption-of-100-pure-fruit-juice-and-dietary-quality-in-french-adults-analysis-of-a-nationally-representative-survey-in-the-context-of-the-who-recommended-limitation-of-free-sugars
#19
France Bellisle, Pascale Hébel, Alice Fourniret, Eléna Sauvage
Sugar-containing beverages are often seen as a negative influence on diet quality and body weight control. The present study examines the consumption of 100% fruit juice (FJ) based on a seven-day dietary survey in a representative sample of French adults ( n = 1607). About a half of the participants (44%) consumed FJ, most often at breakfast time (60%). Average intake in FJ consumers was 115.6 ± 4.0 mL/day (46.3 ± 1.7 kcal/day). Prevalence of consumption increased with education and income and decreased with age, but no association was observed with body mass index (BMI), physical activity, or smoking...
April 7, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627546/differential-contribution-of-animal-and-vegetable-food-items-on-persistent-organic-pollutant-serum-concentrations-in-spanish-adults-data-from-bioambient-es-project
#20
Juan Pedro Arrebola, Argelia Castaño, Marta Esteban, Mónica Bartolomé, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez, Juan José Ramos
Diet is considered the main source of Persistent Organic Pollutant (POP) exposure in the general population, although there are still several gaps of knowledge regarding the differential contribution of main food groups. The aim of this study was to identify dietary patterns that contribute to human exposure to organochlorine pesticides (OCPs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and Perfluoroalkyl Substances (PFASs). Study population (n=1880, 18-65years old) was recruited during 2009-2010 in all the main geographical areas of Spain...
April 5, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
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