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Organic fruit vegetables

Feng-Li Wu, Guang Zhang, Ang Ren, Zhi-Hao Dang, Liang Shi, Ai-Liang Jiang, Ming-Wen Zhao
Ganoderma lucidum is a medicinal macrofungus that is widely used in traditional Chinese medicine. Nonetheless, the scarcity of basic biological studies of this organism has hindered the further development of its commercial value. The pH-responsive transcription factor PacC/Rim101 governs the adaptation to environmental pH, the development and the secondary metabolism of many fungi. In this study, a homologue of PacC/Rim101 that encodes GlPacC was identified in the higher basidiomycete G. lucidum GlPacC is composed of 807 amino acids and contains three typical C2H2 zinc-finger domains, two potential PEST domains, a putative PKA phosphorylation site, and a putative nuclear localization signal (NLS)...
October 19, 2016: Mycologia
Marcos Galván, Fernanda Ríos-Pérez, Guadalupe López-Rodríguez, Rebeca Guzmán-Saldaña, Trinidad Lorena Fernández-Cortés, Gloria Camacho-Bernal, Manuel Robles-Acevedo
INTRODUCTION: In Mexican school-age children the consumption of vegetables and fruits (V&F) is less than 25% of the amount recommended by the World Health Organization. OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the effectiveness of a promotion campaign about the consumption of V&F in urban school children from Hidalgo, Mexico. METHODS: A non controlled community trial in 226 school-age children from private and public schools was conducted, we designed and distributed printed material for promoting the consumption of V&F among the school population, access to V&F was provided through planning and sales at school stores, and consumption was supervised by the teachers...
September 20, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Dariusz Nowak, Michał Gośliński, Artur Szwengiel
BACKGROUND: A diet rich in fruit, vegetables and juices is associated with health benefit and reduced risk of certain civilization diseases. Antioxidant properties depend mainly on the total content of polyphenols and their composition. The aim of this study was to perform a multidimensional comparative analysis of phenolic compounds of organic juices with high antioxidant capacity (chokeberry, elderberry, cranberry, pomegranate). RESULTS: All the analyzed juices were a rich source of phenolic compounds...
October 14, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Ghulam Dastagir, Muhammad Afzal Rizvi
Medicinal plants are being used for treating various diseases. According to World Health Organization 80% of the world population depends on indigenous medicinal plant remedies. Herbal medicine employs fruits, vegetables, as dry materials or their extracts for the treatment of different diseases and health maintenance. Glycyrrhiza glabra (Liquorice) has been used in Europe since prehistoric times. It is well documented in written form starting with the ancient Greeks. Glycyrrhizin is the major active constituent obtained from liquorice roots, one of the most widely used in herbal preparations for the treatment of liver complaints...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Manan Sharma, Russell Reynnells
Biological soil amendments (BSAs) such as manure and compost are frequently used as organic fertilizers to improve the physical and chemical properties of soils. However, BSAs have been known to be a reservoir for enteric bacterial pathogens such as enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC), Salmonella spp., and Listeria spp. There are numerous mechanisms by which manure may transfer pathogens to growing fruits and vegetables, and several outbreaks of infections have been linked to manure-related contamination of leafy greens...
August 2016: Microbiology Spectrum
Wenyou Hu, Biao Huang, Kang Tian, Peter E Holm, Yanxia Zhang
Recently, greenhouse vegetable production (GVP) has grown rapidly and counts a large proportion of vegetable production in China. In this study, the accumulation, health risk and threshold values of selected heavy metals were evaluated systematically. A total of 120 paired soil and vegetable samples were collected from three typical intensive GVP systems along the Yellow Sea of China. Mean concentrations of Cd, As, Hg, Pb, Cu and Zn in greenhouse soils were 0.21, 7.12, 0.05, 19.81, 24.95 and 94.11 mg kg(-1), respectively...
October 3, 2016: Chemosphere
Yuanyuan Wu, Cuiping Wang, Mingyue Zheng, Jiane Zuo, Jing Wu, Kaijun Wang, Boqiong Yang
The aim of this study was to investigate the possibility and optimal controlling strategy for ethanol-type acidogenic fermentation of fruit and vegetable waste by mixed microbial cultures. Four continuous stirred tank reactors (CSTR) were operated at various pHs (4.0, 5.0, 5.5, and 6.0) with an organic loading rate of 13gVS/(Ld) and hydraulic retention time of 3d. Butyrate-type fermentation was observed at pH 5.0, 5.5, and 6.0. Conversely, at pH 4.0, ethanol-type fermentation was observed with a high mass concentration and proportion (of total fermentative products) of ethanol, which were 6...
October 1, 2016: Waste Management
Madhulika Kushwaha, Shalini Verma, Subhankar Chatterjee
Pesticides play an important role in the protection of different crops. Among the diverse sets of pesticides used all over the world, the organophosphates are the most widely used group. Profenofos [O-(4-bromo-2-chlorophenyl) O-ethyl S-propyl phosphorothioate] is one of the most largely used organophosphate insecticides on field crops, vegetables, and fruit crops. The World Health Organization classifies this compound as moderately hazardous (Toxicity Class II), and its residues have been found in vegetables like okra [ (L...
September 2016: Journal of Environmental Quality
Jing Zhang, Hang Ge, Chen Zang, Xian Li, Donald Grierson, Kun-Song Chen, Xue-Ren Yin
Lignin is important for plant secondary cell wall formation and participates in resistance to various biotic and abiotic stresses. Loquat undergoes lignification not only in vegetative tissues but also in flesh of postharvest fruit, which adversely affects consumer acceptance. Thus, researches on lignin biosynthesis and regulation are important to understand loquat fruit lignification. In loquat, a gene encoding an enzyme in the lignin biosynthesis pathway, Ej4CL1, was reported to be regulated by transcription factors, including EjMYB1, EjMYB2, EjMYB8, and EjAP2-1, knowledge of this process is still limited...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
Antonietta Stellavato, Monica Lamberti, Anna Virginia Adriana Pirozzi, Francesca de Novellis, Chiara Schiraldi
Myclobutanil is a conazole class fungicide widely used as an agrichemical. It is approved for use on fruit, vegetables and seed commodities in the EU and elsewhere to control fungi such as Ascomycetes, Fungi Imperfecti and, Basidiomycetes. Its widespread use has raised the issue of possible health risks for agrarian communities and the general population, which can be exposed to residues present in food and drinking water. The toxicities identified include adverse effects on liver and kidney and on the development of male reproductive organs...
September 28, 2016: Toxicology Letters
Xuming Sun, Ellen Tommasi, Doris Molina, Renu Sah, K Bridget Brosnihan, Debra I Diz, Snezana Petrovic
Diets rich in grains and meat and low in fruits and vegetables (acid-producing diets) associate with incident hypertension, whereas vegetarian diets associate with lower blood pressure (BP). However, the pathways that sense and mediate the effects of acid-producing diets on BP are unknown. Here, we examined the impact of the deletion of an acid sensor GPR4 on BP. GPR4 is a proton-sensing, G protein-coupled receptor and an acid sensor in brain, kidney and blood vessels. We found that GPR4 mRNA was higher in subfornical organ (SFO) than other brain regions...
September 28, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
Bo Li, Yanhong Wang, Yong Jiang, Guochen Li, Jiehua Cui, Ying Wang, Hong Zhang, Shicheng Wang, Sheng Xu, Ruzhen Wang
Mining and smelting activities engender soil contamination by metals severely. A field survey was conducted to investigate the present situation and health risk of heavy metals (Cd, Pb, Zn, Cu, Cr, As, and Hg) in soils and vegetables in the surrounding area of an 80-year-old zinc smelter in northeastern China. Soil pH, organic matter (SOM), and cation exchange capacity (CEC) were determined, and their relations with heavy metal contents in edible parts of vegetables were analyzed. Results showed that the smelting had led to the significant contamination of the local soils by Cd and Zn, with average concentrations of 3...
September 28, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Daniela Jones-Dias, Vera Manageiro, Eugénia Ferreira, Paula Barreiro, Luís Vieira, Inês B Moura, Manuela Caniça
The spread of antibiotic resistant bacteria throughout the food chain constitutes a public health concern. To understand the contribution of fresh produce in shaping antibiotic resistance bacteria and integron prevalence in the food chain, 333 antibiotic resistance Gram negative isolates were collected from organic and conventionally produced fruits (pears, apples, and strawberries) and vegetables (lettuces, tomatoes, and carrots). Although low levels of resistance have been detected, the bacterial genera identified in the assessed fresh produce are often described not only as environmental, but mostly as commensals and opportunistic pathogens...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
Baoju Wang, Jian Wang, Chen Wang, Wenbiao Shen, Haifeng Jia, Xudong Zhu, Xiaopeng Li
miR156 regulates the expression of its target SPL (PROMOTER BINDING-LIKE) genes during flower and fruit development, diverse developmental stage transitions, especially from vegetative to reproductive growth phases, by cleaving the target mRNA SPL of one plant-specific transcription factor. However, systematic reports on grapevine have yet to be presented. Here, the precise sequence of miR156 (vvi-miR156b/c/d) in grapevine "Takatsuma" was cloned with a previously cloned grapevine SPL (Vv-SPL9). Expression profiles in 18 grapevine tissues were identified through stem-loop RT-PCR...
2016: Journal of Heredity
Raffaella I Rumiati, Francesco Foroni, Giulio Pergola, Paola Rossi, Maria Caterina Silveri
The study of category specific deficits in brain-damaged patients has been instrumental in explaining how knowledge about different types of objects is organized in the brain. Much of this research focused on testing putative semantic sensory/functional subsystems that could explain the observed dissociations in performance between living things (e.g., animals and fruits/vegetables) and non-living things (e.g., tools). As neuropsychological patterns that did not fit the original living/non-living distinction were observed, an alternative organization of semantic memory in domains constrained by evolutionary pressure was hypothesized...
September 17, 2016: Brain and Cognition
Hong-Tao Liu, Yan-Wen Wang, Wei-Dong Huang, Mei Lei
Sludge is an organic waste after domestic sewage being treated and contains phytonutrients and organic matter. In this study, recycling of sludge compost (SC) and its compound fertilizer (SCF) to wine grape resulted in improvement in vegetative growth, reproductive development of wine grape, and potential wine quality of grape fruit. The amounts of Cu, Pb, and Cd in grape fruit were significantly higher in response to sludge amendment than in the control, but were all below the permissible limits for agricultural product...
September 20, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Aisha Bhimla, Lauren Yap, Minsun Lee, Brenda Seals, Hermie Aczon, Grace X Ma
Filipino Americans represent one of the largest and most diverse immigrant populations in the United States. It has been established that chronic diseases are a significant public health issue affecting this population. We conducted a health needs assessment of 200 Filipino Americans aged 18 years or older residing in the greater Philadelphia region. Study participants were recruited from eight Filipino community-based organizations in the region. Information about demographic and acculturative characteristics, health behaviors, self-reported chronic health conditions, and chronic disease perception were collected...
September 17, 2016: Journal of Community Health
Sompon Wanwimolruk, Kamonrat Phopin, Somchai Boonpangrak, Virapong Prachayasittikul
BACKGROUND: The wide use of pesticides raises concerns on the health risks associated with pesticide exposure. For developing countries, like Thailand, pesticide monitoring program (in vegetables and fruits) and also the maximum residue limits (MRL) regulation have not been entirely implemented. The MRL is a product limit, not a safety limit. The MRL is the maximum concentration of a pesticide residue (expressed as mg/kg) recommended by the Codex Alimentarius Commission to be legally permitted in or on food commodities and animal feeds (Codex Alimentarius Commission, 2015; European Commission, 2015)...
2016: PeerJ
Srijit Das, Seong Lin Teoh
The incidence of lung cancers has increased globally. Increased exposure to tobacco, passive smoking, less consumption of vegetables and fruits and occupational exposure to asbestos, arsenic and chromium are the main risk factors. The pathophysiology of lung cancer is complex and not well understood. Various microRNAs, genes and pathways are associated with lung cancers. The genes involved in lung cancers produce proteins involved in cell growth, differentiation, different cell cycles, apoptosis, immune modulation, tumor spread and progression...
September 7, 2016: Current Drug Targets
Lorenzo M Donini, Sandro Dernini, Denis Lairon, Lluis Serra-Majem, Marie-Josèphe Amiot, Valeria Del Balzo, Anna-Maria Giusti, Barbara Burlingame, Rekia Belahsen, Giuseppe Maiani, Angela Polito, Aida Turrini, Federica Intorre, Antonia Trichopoulou, Elliot M Berry
BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence of the multiple effects of diets on public health nutrition, society, and environment. Sustainability and food security are closely interrelated. The traditional Mediterranean Diet (MD) is recognized as a healthier dietary pattern with a lower environmental impact. As a case study, the MD may guide innovative inter-sectorial efforts to counteract the degradation of ecosystems, loss of biodiversity, and homogeneity of diets due to globalization through the improvement of sustainable healthy dietary patterns...
2016: Frontiers in Nutrition
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