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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545533/food-beliefs-and-practices-among-the-kalenjin-pregnant-women-in-rural-uasin-gishu-county-kenya
#1
Roselyter Monchari Riang'a, Jacqueline Broerse, Anne Kisaka Nangulu
BACKGROUND: Understanding food beliefs and practices is critical to the development of dietary recommendations, nutritional programmes, and educational messages. This study aimed to understand the pregnancy food beliefs and practices and the underlying reasons for these among the contemporary rural Kalenjin communities of Uasin Gishu County, Kenya. METHODS: Through semi-structured interviews, data was collected from 154 pregnant and post-natal Kalenjin women about restricted and recommended foods, and why they are restricted or recommended during pregnancy...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545355/emerging-trends-on-drug-delivery-strategy-of-momordica-charantia-against-diabetes-and-its-complications
#2
Zar Chi Thent, Srijit Das, Nurul Hannim Zaidun
The incidence of diabetes mellitus has increased drastically over the past few decades. This oxidant-antioxidant imbalance resulting in complication of diabetes mellitus includes macro- and microvascular complications. Resistance to conventional treatment and patient compliance has paved the way to the usage of effective natural products and supplements. Momordica charantia (bitter gourd) is widely consumed in many parts of Malaysia as a vegetable. Momordica charantia (MC) is mainly used in the management of diabetes mellitus...
May 25, 2017: Current Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536035/seasonality-can-induce-coexistence-of-multiple-bet-hedging-strategies-in-dictyostelium-discoideum-via-storage-effect
#3
Ricardo Martínez-García, Corina E Tarnita
The social amoeba Dictyostelium discoideum has been recently suggested as an example of bet-hedging in microbes. In the presence of resources, amoebae reproduce as unicellular organisms. Resource depletion, however, leads to a starvation phase in which the population splits between aggregators, which form a fruiting body made of a stalk and resistant spores, and non-aggregators, which remain as vegetative cells. Spores are favored when starvation periods are long, but vegetative cells can exploit resources in environments where food replenishes quickly...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530194/solvent-effect-in-the-synthesis-of-hydrophobic-drug-loaded-polymer-nanoparticles
#4
Sandip Pal, Chabita Saha
Quercetin is an abundant flavonoid in fruits, vegetables such as onion, tea leaves, cranberry, radish leaves etc. with numerous biological activities and widely used as an effective antioxidant. Its low solubility in water and chemical decomposition in intestinal environment are predicaments in delivery through dietary or oral intake. Noble polymeric nanoparticles are of particular interest today because of their applications in many areas. Polymer nanoparticles have attracted the interest of many research groups and have been utilised in an increasing number of fields such as site targeted drug delivery in cancer research during the last decades...
June 2017: IET Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515731/ectopic-expression-of-cdf3-genes-in-tomato-enhances-biomass-production-and-yield-under-salinity-stress-conditions
#5
Begoña Renau-Morata, Rosa V Molina, Laura Carrillo, Jaime Cebolla-Cornejo, Manuel Sánchez-Perales, Stephan Pollmann, José Domínguez-Figueroa, Alba R Corrales, Jaume Flexas, Jesús Vicente-Carbajosa, Joaquín Medina, Sergio G Nebauer
Cycling Dof Factor (CDF) transcription factors (TFs) are involved in multiple processes related to plant growth and development. A member of this family, CDF3, has recently been linked in Arabidopsis to the regulation of primary metabolism and abiotic stress responses, but its role in crop production under stress is still unknown. In this study, we characterized tomato plants overexpressing the CDF3 genes from Arabidopsis and tomato and analyzed their effects on growth and yield under salinity, additionally gaining deeper insights into the molecular function of these TFs...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513266/a-technical-and-policy-case-study-of-large-scale-rescue-and-redistribution-of-perishable-foods-by-the-leket-israel-food-bank
#6
Dana Philip, Smadar Hod-Ovadia, Aron M Troen
BACKGROUND: Food banks seeking to rescue and redistribute highly nutritious perishable foods to simultaneously alleviate food insecurity and reduce food waste often encounter practical, ethical, and political dilemmas. OBJECTIVES: We present a case study of "Leket Israel," an Israeli food bank that uses an effective large-scale logistical model for the rescue and redistribution of perishable food and discuss the challenges and solutions it offers. RESULTS: The organization operates in a rich country plagued with poverty and inequality, where the government passively encourages nongovernmental organizations to respond to the serious and growing problem of food insecurity...
June 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507410/isolation-and-identification-of-fungi-associated-with-spoilt-fruits-vended-in-gwagwalada-market-abuja-nigeria
#7
Samuel Mailafia, God'spower Richard Okoh, Hamza Olatunde K Olabode, Ramatu Osanupin
AIM: Annual reports have shown that 20% of fruits and vegetables produced are lost to spoilage. This study was undertaken to isolate and identify fungi that are associated with spoilt fruits commonly sold in Gwagwalada market, Abuja, and recommend appropriate control measure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted in Gwagwalada metropolis, Gwagwalada Area Council of the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja, Nigeria. A total of 100 spoilt fruits which include pawpaw (Carica papaya), orange (Citrus sinensis), tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum), pineapple (Ananas comosus), and watermelon (Citrullus vulgaris) were purchased and examined for the presence of fungal organisms using standard methods...
April 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505092/molecular-characterization-and-expression-profiling-of-tomato-grf-transcription-factor-family-genes-in-response-to-abiotic-stresses-and-phytohormones
#8
Khadiza Khatun, Arif Hasan Khan Robin, Jong-In Park, Ujjal Kumar Nath, Chang Kil Kim, Ki-Byung Lim, Ill Sup Nou, Mi-Young Chung
Growth regulating factors (GRFs) are plant-specific transcription factors that are involved in diverse biological and physiological processes, such as growth, development and stress and hormone responses. However, the roles of GRFs in vegetative and reproductive growth, development and stress responses in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) have not been extensively explored. In this study, we characterized the 13 SlGRF genes. In silico analysis of protein motif organization, intron-exon distribution, and phylogenetic classification confirmed the presence of GRF proteins in tomato...
May 13, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464804/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-physical-activity-dietary-habit-and-distress-management-with-the-leadership-and-coaching-for-health-leach-program-for-disease-free-cancer-survivors
#9
Young Ho Yun, Young Ae Kim, Myung Kyung Lee, Jin Ah Sim, Byung-Ho Nam, Sohee Kim, Eun Sook Lee, Dong-Young Noh, Jae-Young Lim, Sung Kim, Si-Young Kim, Chi-Heum Cho, Kyung Hae Jung, Mison Chun, Soon Nam Lee, Kyong Hwa Park, Sohee Park
BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate the potential benefits of the Leadership and Coaching for Health (LEACH) program on physical activity (PA), dietary habits, and distress management in cancer survivors. METHODS: We randomly assigned 248 cancer survivors with an allocation ratio of two-to-one to the LEACH program (LP) group, coached by long-term survivors, or the usual care (UC) group. At baseline, 3, 6, and 12 months, we used PA scores, the intake of vegetables and fruits (VF), and the Post Traumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI) as primary outcomes and, for secondary outcomes, the Ten Rules for Highly Effective Health Behavior adhered to and quality of life (QOL), the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30)...
May 2, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462202/genuine-and-natural-the-opinion-of-teen-consumers
#10
Stefania Balzan, Luca Fasolato, Barbara Cardazzo, Cristiana Penon, Enrico Novelli
Food packaging frequently reports the terms natural, 100% natural or similar. Often these indications induce consumers to purchase those products that are considered healthier and fresher. The overall goal of this study was to assess what teen consumers perceive to be genuine and natural foods. A questionnaire was distributed to the students of some high schools (lyceum, technical and professional institutes). It was completed by 349 females and 314 males, with an average age of 17.6 years. Respondents are quite interested in the information on recipes, diet, beauty and food safety; websites were important information retrieval tools...
January 24, 2017: Italian Journal of Food Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455262/examining-the-impact-of-a-school-based-fruit-and-vegetable-co-op-in-the-hispanic-community-through-documentary-photography
#11
Lani Alcazar, Margaret Raber, Kimberly Lopez, Christine Markham, Shreela Sharma
Hispanic families are at elevated risk for certain diet related illnesses including obesity and diabetes. Brighter Bites is a 16-week school-based program that delivers produce and nutrition education to high-need areas. The purpose of this study was to explore the adoption of Brighter Bites healthy eating strategies in low-income Spanish-speaking families as well as barriers to the sustainability of improved dietary behaviors using Photovoice. Two researchers worked with a predominately Hispanic, low-income public school to conduct the project...
April 26, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448250/recruiting-community-partners-for-veggie-van-strategies-and-lessons-learned-from-a-mobile-market-intervention-in-north-carolina-2012-2015
#12
Gina L Tripicchio, Jacqueline Grady Smith, Janelle Armstrong-Brown, Jared McGuirt, Lindsey Haynes-Maslow, Sarah Mardovich, Alice S Ammerman, Lucia Leone
BACKGROUND: Food access interventions are promising strategies for improving dietary intake, which is associated with better health. However, studies examining the relationship between food access and intake are limited to observational designs, indicating a need for more rigorous approaches. The Veggie Van (VV) program was a cluster-randomized intervention designed to address the gap between food access and intake. In this article, we aim to describe the approaches involved in recruiting community partners to participate in VV...
April 27, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443106/over-expression-of-ejlfy-1-leads-to-an-early-flowering-habit-in-strawberry-fragaria-%C3%A3-ananassa-and-its-asexual-progeny
#13
Yuexue Liu, Qian Zhao, Nan Meng, Huwei Song, Chaochao Li, Guibing Hu, Jincheng Wu, Shunquan Lin, Zhihong Zhang
As a master regulator involved in flower development, LEAFY-like gene has been demonstrated to play a key role in the flowering process regulation of angiosperms. Expression analysis of EjLFY-1, a LEAFY (LFY) homolog of loquat (Eriobotrya japonica Lindl.), indicated its participation in the regulation of flowering in loquat. To verify its function and potential value in the genetic engineering to shorten the juvenile phase, ectopic expression of EjLFY-1 in strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa) was achieved using Agrobacterium-mediated gene transfer of a plant expression vector with the loquat EjLFY-1 gene driven by the CaMV 35S promoter...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423504/variations-in-the-bitterness-perception-related-genes-tas2r38-and-ca6-modify-the-risk-for-colorectal-cancer-in-koreans
#14
Jeong-Hwa Choi, Jeonghee Lee, Jae Hwan Oh, Hee Jin Chang, Dae Kyung Sohn, Aesun Shin, Jeongseon Kim
Bitterness perception is known to be an important factor in individuals' dietary behaviors and is also associated with the sensing of nutritious/noxious molecules for subsequent metabolic responses in multiple organs. Therefore, the genetic variation in bitterness sensing may be associated with diet-related diseases, including colorectal cancer (CRC). We investigated the influence of variations in the bitterness-sensing genes taste receptor type 2 member 38 (TAS2R38) and carbonic anhydrase 6 (CA6) on the consumption of food, tobacco and alcohol and the risk of CRC in Koreans...
March 28, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421143/the-dual-burden-of-malnutrition-and-associated-dietary-and-lifestyle-habits-among-lebanese-school-age-children-living-in-orphanages-in-north-lebanon
#15
Germine El-Kassas, Fouad Ziade
Childhood is a crucial period affecting physical and intellectual development. Although children living in orphanages are among the most vulnerable groups at risk of malnutrition, there is scarcity of data concerning their nutritional status in Lebanon. To investigate these data, a cross-sectional survey was conducted including a sample of 153 institutionalized children aged 5-14 years from all orphanages in Tripoli. Nutritional status was assessed using anthropometric, clinical, and dietary tools. Interpretation of anthropometric data showed that 13...
2017: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420600/increasing-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-through-a-healthy-eating-blog-a-feasibility-study
#16
Marie-Eve Caplette, Véronique Provencher, Véronique Bissonnette-Maheux, Marilyn Dugrenier, Annie Lapointe, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Sharon Straus, Sophie Desroches
BACKGROUND: Despite efforts made by public health organizations to improve consumption of fruits and vegetables, populations in developed countries usually eat less than the minimum recommended. Social media, such as blogs, represent a unique opportunity for improving knowledge translation in health care because they facilitate interactive communication between the public and health professionals. However, no studies have yet evaluated the effect of blogs to promote dietary behavior changes...
April 18, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408980/wars-between-microbes-on-roots-and-fruits
#17
REVIEW
Ben Lugtenberg, Daniel E Rozen, Faina Kamilova
Microbes in nature often live in unfavorable conditions. To survive, they have to occupy niches close to food sources and efficiently utilize nutrients that are often present in very low concentrations. Moreover, they have to possess an arsenal of attack and defense mechanisms against competing bacteria. In this review, we will discuss strategies used by microbes to compete with each other in the rhizosphere and on fruits, with a focus on mechanisms of inter- and intra-species antagonism. Special attention will be paid to the recently discovered roles of volatile organic compounds...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401398/evaluation-of-the-content-of-antimony-arsenic-bismuth-selenium-tellurium-and-their-inorganic-forms-in-commercially-baby-foods
#18
M Ruiz-de-Cenzano, A Rochina-Marco, M L Cervera, M de la Guardia
Baby foods, from the Spanish market and prepared from meat, fish, vegetables, cereals, legumes, and fruits, were analyzed to obtain the concentration of antimony (Sb), arsenic (As), bismuth (Bi), and tellurium (Te) as toxic elements and selenium (Se) as essential element. An analytical procedure was employed based on atomic fluorescence spectroscopy which allowed to obtain accurate data at low levels of concentration. Values of 14 commercial samples, expressed in nanograms per gram fresh weight, ranged for Sb 0...
April 11, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399480/acute-toxication-of-deltamethrin-results-in-activation-of-inos-8-ohdg-and-up-regulation-of-caspase-3-inos-gene-expression-in-common-carp-cyprinus-carpio-l
#19
Harun Arslan, Serdar Altun, Selçuk Özdemir
Deltamethrin is a widely used synthetic pyrethroid pesticide that protects agricultural yields, including crops, fruits, and vegetables from insect-pests. It is known that deltamethrin toxication leads to metabolic disorders and has detrimental effects on the brain and liver in different organisms. However, the harmful effects of deltamethrin toxication on aquatic animals remain unclear. In the present study, we aimed to evaluate the adverse effects of deltamethrin toxication by performing a histopathological examination, an immunofluorescence assay, and a qRT-PCR on common carp...
June 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370629/a-group-of-grapevine-myba-transcription-factors-located-in-chromosome-14-control-anthocyanin-synthesis-in-vegetative-organs-with-different-specificities-compared-to-the-berry-color-locus
#20
José Tomás Matus, Erika Cavallini, Rodrigo Loyola, Janine Höll, Laura Finezzo, Silvia Dal Santo, Sandrine Vialet, Mauro Commisso, Federica Roman, Andrea Schubert, José Antonio Alcalde, Jochen Bogs, Agnès Ageorges, Giovanni Battista Tornielli, Patricio Arce-Johnson
Grapevine organs accumulate anthocyanins in a cultivar-specific and environmentally induced manner. The MYBA1-A2 genes within the berry color locus in chromosome 2 represent the major genetic determinants of fruit color. The simultaneous occurrence of transposon insertions and point mutations in these genes is responsible for most white-skinned phenotypes. However, red pigmentation found in vegetative organs suggests the presence of additional regulators. This work describes a genomic region of chromosome 14 containing three closely related R2R3-MYB genes, named MYBA5, MYBA6 and MYBA7...
April 2, 2017: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
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