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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677267/the-short-lived-epidemic-of-botulism-from-commercially-canned-foods-in-the-united-states-1919-to-1925
#1
Powel Kazanjian
In 1919, three deadly outbreaks of botulism caused by consumption of canned olives packed in California captured national headlines. In all of the outbreaks, which occurred in separate locales, unsuspecting people died after consuming tainted food during a banquet or family meal. The press's sensational portrayal of canned food as hazardous aroused alarm among consumers at a time when commercial canning was becoming more common. Intent on restoring the image of their product as safe and wholesome, canning industry leaders funded a "botulism commission" of scientific experts in 1919 to investigate how to systematically eliminate the threat of botulism that had imperiled their business...
April 17, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677110/dietary-treatment-of-metabolic-acidosis-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#2
REVIEW
Roswitha Siener
Chronic kidney disease and reduced glomerular filtration rate are risk factors for the development of chronic metabolic acidosis. The prevention or correction of chronic metabolic acidosis has been found to slow progression of chronic kidney disease. Dietary composition can strongly affect acid⁻base balance. Major determinants of net endogenous acid production are the generation of large amounts of hydrogen ions, mostly by animal-derived protein, which is counterbalanced by the metabolism of base-producing foods like fruits and vegetables...
April 20, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676810/recent-trends-in-sorption-based-sample-preparation-and-liquid-chromatography-techniques-for-food-analysis
#3
Edvaldo V Soares Maciel, Ana Lúcia de Toffoli, Fernando Mauro Lanças
The accelerated rising of the world's population increased the consumption of food, thus demanding more rigors in the control of residue and contaminants in food-based products marketed for human consumption. In view of the complexity of most food matrices, including fruits, vegetables, different types of meat, beverages, among others, a sample preparation step is important to provide more reliable results when combined with high performance liquid chromatography separations. An adequate sample preparation step before the chromatographic analysis is mandatory in obtaining higher precision and accuracy in order to improve the extraction of the target analytes, one of the priorities in analytical chemistry...
April 20, 2018: Electrophoresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676249/preharvest-farming-practices-impacting-fresh-produce-safety
#4
Eduardo Gutierrez-Rodriguez, Achyut Adhikari
Advancements in agriculture and food processing techniques have been instrumental in the development of modern human societies. Vast improvements in agronomic practices, handling, and processing have allowed us to produce and preserve mass quantities of food. Yet despite all these innovations and potentially as a consequence of these mass production practices, more and more outbreaks of human pathogens linked to raw and processed foods are identified every year. It is evident that our increased capacity for microbial detection has contributed to the greater number of outbreaks detected...
April 2018: Microbiology Spectrum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676115/-survival-state-and-fruiting-characteristics-of-endangered-medicinal-plant-sinopodophyllum-hexandrum-plant-in-tibet-plateau
#5
Qi-Qiang Guo, Chao Gao, Hui-E Li, Yan-Hui Ye, Yan-Ying Han
This study was carried out by the methods of typical plots investigation and laboratory test aiming at analyzing the survival state and fruiting characteristics of three Sinopodophyllum hexandrum populations in different environmental habitats. Meanwhile, it could provide scientific basis for enhancing wild population quantity recovery. The results showed that more population quantity grow in the habitats of large-area gap (Population A) and bushes (Population C) with a majority of the young individuals, while the minor-area gap (Population B) was the opposite...
March 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674630/early-first-trimester-maternal-high-fish-and-olive-oil-and-low-meat-dietary-pattern-is-associated-with-accelerated-human-embryonic-development
#6
Francesca Parisi, Melek Rousian, Régine P M Steegers-Theunissen, Anton H J Koning, Sten P Willemsen, Jeanne H M de Vries, Irene Cetin, Eric A P Steegers
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Maternal dietary patterns were associated with embryonic growth and congenital anomalies. We aim to evaluate associations between early first trimester maternal dietary patterns and embryonic morphological development among pregnancies with non-malformed outcome. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A total of 228 strictly dated, singleton pregnancies without congenital malformations were enrolled in a periconceptional hospital-based cohort. Principal component analysis was performed to extract early first trimester maternal dietary patterns from food frequency questionnaires...
April 20, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674230/association-of-herbal-botanic-supplement-use-with-quality-of-life-recurrence-and-survival-in-newly-diagnosed-stage-ii-colon-cancer-patients-a-2-y-follow-up-study
#7
Qiran Chen, Pengcheng Xun, Cari Lewis Tsinovoi, Beate Henschel, Alyce D Fly, Ka He
OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to investigate the association between herbal/botanic supplement use and perceived quality of life (QoL), cancer recurrence, and all-cause mortality in colon cancer patients. METHODS: Patients (n = 453) newly diagnosed with stage II adenocarcinoma of the colon between 2009 and 2011 were recruited from the North Carolina Central Cancer Registry. Data including demographic variables, herbal medicine use and frequency, lifestyle, diet, cancer treatment, and QoL were collected by interviews at diagnosis (baseline) and 1 and 2 y after diagnosis...
February 13, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674043/-1-h-nmr-and-antioxidant-profiles-of-polar-and-non-polar-extracts-of-persimmon-diospyros-kaki-l-metabolomics-study-based-on-cultivars-and-origins
#8
M Maulidiani, Ahmed Mediani, Faridah Abas, Yong Seo Park, Yang-Kyun Park, Young Mo Kim, Shela Gorinstein
Persimmon (Diospyros kaki L.) is one of the most important fruits that has been consumed for its medicinal properties due to the presence of some active metabolites, particularly polyphenols and carotenoids. Previously described methods, including HPLC, were limited in the determination of metabolites in different persimmon varieties. The present study shows the evaluation and the differences among persimmon polar and non-polar extracts by 1 H NMR-based metabolomics approach. The hierarchical clustering analysis (HCA) based on score values of principal component analysis (PCA) model was used to analyze the important compounds in investigated fruits...
July 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673925/diet-and-lifestyle-habits-association-with-cardiovascular-disease-indices-in-a-nigerian-sub-population
#9
Victor M Oguoma, Ezekiel U Nwose, Timothy C Skinner, Ross S Richards, Phillip T Bwititi
BACKGROUND: There is inadequate evidence regarding the pattern of unhealthy lifestyle behaviours in Nigeria hence the aim of this study was to assess the pattern of lifestyle-related habits that predispose to risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) indices in a Nigerian population. METHODS: A population-based cross-sectional study was carried out on 422 apparently healthy males and females ≥18 years old. The World Health Organisation (WHO) STEPwise questionnaire was used to collect information on tobacco use or smoking habits, alcohol consumption and dietary habits...
April 11, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673770/the-in-vitro-efficacy-of-sunsmile-%C3%A2-fruit-vegetable-rinse-against-pathogenic-strains-of-prototheca-algae-that-cause-mastitis-in-cows
#10
B Grzesiak, H Krukowski, A Głowacka
The research concerns algae of the genus Prototheca. They are found in the natural environment and they can cause a disease in animals and humans called protothecosis. The aim of the study was to evaluate the in vitro activity of the fruit and vegetable rinse agent SunSmile® Fruit & Vegetable Rinse (Sunrider International) against P. zopfii isolates. The materials consisted of ten P. zopfii strains isolated from the milk of cows with mastitis. The following antifungal chemotherapeutic agents were also used in the study for comparison: nystatin, ketoconazole, amphothericin B, miconazole, clotrimazole, econazole, fluconazole, and flucytosine...
April 16, 2018: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673613/health-behaviors-among-stroke-survivors-in-the-united-states-a-propensity-score-matched-study
#11
Haytham Wali, Sawsan Kurdi, Jawad Bilal, Irbaz Bin Riaz, Sandipan Bhattacharjee
GOAL: The American Heart Association/American Stroke Association has specific recommendations for secondary stroke prevention. The aim of this study was to compare health behaviors engagement between stroke survivors and propensity score-matched controls. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, cross-sectional, matched case-control study using data from the 2015 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) survey. We included older adults aged 50 or older who participated in the 2015 BRFSS survey and completed the interview...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673335/dietary-patterns-bcmo1-polymorphisms-and-primary-lung-cancer-risk-in-a-han-chinese-population-a-case-control-study-in-southeast-china
#12
Fei He, Ren-Dong Xiao, Tao Lin, Wei-Min Xiong, Qiu-Ping Xu, Xu Li, Zhi-Qiang Liu, Bao-Chang He, Zhi-Jian Hu, Lin Cai
BACKGROUND: We investigated whether BCMO1 variants and dietary patterns are associated with lung cancer risk. METHODS: Case-control study including 1166 lung cancer cases and 1179 frequency matched controls was conducted for three BCMO1 variants (rs6564851, rs12934922, and rs7501331) and four dietary patterns were investigated. Logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs). RESULTS: The rs6564851, rs12934922, and rs7501331 were not found to be associated with lung cancer risk (P > 0...
April 19, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671810/bacteriophage-applications-for-food-production-and-processing
#13
REVIEW
Zachary D Moye, Joelle Woolston, Alexander Sulakvelidze
Foodborne illnesses remain a major cause of hospitalization and death worldwide despite many advances in food sanitation techniques and pathogen surveillance. Traditional antimicrobial methods, such as pasteurization, high pressure processing, irradiation, and chemical disinfectants are capable of reducing microbial populations in foods to varying degrees, but they also have considerable drawbacks, such as a large initial investment, potential damage to processing equipment due to their corrosive nature, and a deleterious impact on organoleptic qualities (and possibly the nutritional value) of foods...
April 19, 2018: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671126/eriodictyol-protects-against-staphylococcus-aureus-induced-lung-cell-injury-by-inhibiting-alpha-hemolysin-expression
#14
He Xuewen, Ouyang Ping, Yuan Zhongwei, Yin Zhongqiong, Fu Hualin, Lin Juchun, He Changliang, Shu Gang, Yuan Zhixiang, Song Xu, Zou Yuanfeng, Li Lixia, Yin Lizi
Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is a common pathogenic bacterium that causes various diseases in both humans and animals. With the increased prevalence of methicillin-resistant S. aureus, the therapeutic effects of commonly used antibiotics are limited against S. aureus infection. Novel treatment strategies and new antibiotics are needed urgently to address this concern. Many studies have shown that virulence factors secreted from S. aureus play vital roles in their pathogenic processes. Alpha-hemolysin (Hla), an important exotoxin in S...
April 18, 2018: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671119/potential-risks-of-dietary-exposure-to-chlorpyrifos-and-cypermethrin-from-their-use-in-fruit-vegetable-crops-and-beef-cattle-productions
#15
Daniela M Ferré, Arnoldo A M Quero, Antonio F Hernández, Valentina Hynes, Marcelo J Tornello, Carlos Lüders, Nora B M Gorla
The active ingredients (a.i.) used as pesticides vary across regions. Diet represents the main source of chronic exposure to these chemicals. The aim of this study was to look at the pesticides applied in fruit, vegetable, and beef cattle productions in Mendoza (Argentina), to identify those that were simultaneously used by the three production systems. Local individuals (n = 160), involved in these productions, were interviewed. Glyphosate was the a.i. most often used by fruit-vegetable producers, and ivermectin by beef cattle producers...
April 18, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669539/cross-sectional-associations-between-weight-related-health-behaviors-and-weight-misperception-among-u-s-adolescents-with-overweight-obesity
#16
Samantha L Hahn, Kelley A Borton, Kendrin R Sonneville
BACKGROUND: Weight misperception occurs when there is a discrepancy between one's actual and perceived weight status. Among adolescents with overweight/obesity, many believe that correcting weight misperception is imperative to inspire weight-related behavior change. However, past research has shown that adolescents with overweight/obesity who misperceive their weight status gain less weight over time compared to accurate perceivers. Therefore, our objective was to examine possible mechanisms underlying this relationship...
April 18, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669136/are-collegiate-athletes-as-healthy-as-we-think-they-are
#17
Karly S Geller, Emma Lancaster, Christopher Hill, Samantha Bettinger
The current study compared multiple health-risk behaviors, self-efficacy, and temptation between young adult athletes and nonathletes. Cross-sectional data were collected via a web-based survey. Participants included nonathletes and Division I National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) athletes attending a midwestern university. Multiple health-risk behaviors existed at a high prevalence among participating athletes and nonathletes, with a slightly higher proportion of nonathletes reporting more risk. Twenty-two percent of participating athletes were at risk for excessive screen time, whereas 36% of nonathletes were at risk for the same...
April 13, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669063/society-of-behavioral-medicine-position-statement-increase-funding-for-fruits-and-vegetables-production-in-the-farm-bill-reauthorization
#18
Akilah Dulin-Keita, Lisa M Quintilliani, Joanna Buscemi, Brooke M Bell, Kim M Gans, Amy L Yaroch
The Society of Behavioral Medicine (SBM) recommends that Congress increase funding for fruit and vegetable production and intake in The Farm Bill reauthorization. Analysis of the U.S. Department of Agriculture's databases indicates that the availability of fruits and vegetables in the food supply is at half or less than half of what is needed to meet federal dietary recommendations for Americans. Based on the extant literature, SBM supports including funding allocations for fruit and vegetable production, including fruits and vegetables in commodity programs, providing additional insurance subsidies for producing fruits and vegetables, and maintaining or increasing funding for initiatives that promote fruit and vegetable intake...
April 13, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668741/high-intensity-lifestyle-intervention-and-long-term-impact-on-weight-and-clinical-outcomes
#19
Linda Gotthelf, Ya-Ting Chen, Srinivasan Rajagopalan, Elise Chi-Tao Wu, Ishita Doshi, Carol Addy
BACKGROUND: Obesity increases the risk for diabetes and cardiovascular events, with a corresponding growth in medical costs. High intensity lifestyle intervention (HILI) is the cornerstone for weight management. We assessed the effectiveness of clinic-based HILI on weight loss and associated clinical outcomes by duration of program participation and comorbid conditions. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of patients who enrolled in HILI weight management programs at Health Management Resources (HMR) clinics located across the U...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668732/relationship-between-food-waste-diet-quality-and-environmental-sustainability
#20
Zach Conrad, Meredith T Niles, Deborah A Neher, Eric D Roy, Nicole E Tichenor, Lisa Jahns
Improving diet quality while simultaneously reducing environmental impact is a critical focus globally. Metrics linking diet quality and sustainability have typically focused on a limited suite of indicators, and have not included food waste. To address this important research gap, we examine the relationship between food waste, diet quality, nutrient waste, and multiple measures of sustainability: use of cropland, irrigation water, pesticides, and fertilizers. Data on food intake, food waste, and application rates of agricultural amendments were collected from diverse US government sources...
2018: PloS One
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