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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040508/adult-lifetime-diet-quality-and-physical-performance-in-older-age-findings-from-a-british-birth-cohort
#1
Sian M Robinson, Leo D Westbury, Rachel Cooper, Diana Kuh, Kate Ward, Holly E Syddall, Avan A Sayer, Cyrus Cooper
Background: Current evidence that links "healthier" dietary patterns to better measured physical performance is mainly from older populations; little is known about the role of earlier diet. We examined adult diet quality in relation to physical performance at age 60-64 years. Methods: Diet quality was defined using principal component analysis of dietary data collected at age 36, 43, 53, and 60-64. Throughout adulthood, diets of higher quality were characterized by higher consumption of fruit, vegetables, and wholegrain bread...
October 13, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040452/assessment-of-vegetable-and-fruit-substrates-as-potential-rearing-media-for-hermetia-illucens-diptera-stratiomyidae-larvae
#2
Costanza Jucker, Daniela Erba, Maria Giovanna Leonardi, Daniela Lupi, Sara Savoldelli
Hermetia illucens (L.) (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) is able to consume a wide range of organic matter and is of particular interest for waste management. The nutritional value of preimaginal stages, in particular the protein content, makes this species a valid candidate for use as feed for other organisms. Vegetables and fruits are promising rearing substrates for insects produced for this purpose according to the EU regulation. In order to examine the effects of diets on insect performance and chemical composition, larvae were reared on the following substrates: 1) fruit (apple, pear, and orange); 2) vegetable (lettuce, green beans, and cabbage); and 3) mixed fruits and vegetables...
October 13, 2017: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039970/food-groups-and-risk-of-coronary-heart-disease-stroke-and-heart-failure-a-systematic-review-and-dose-response-meta-analysis-of-prospective-studies
#3
Angela Bechthold, Heiner Boeing, Carolina Schwedhelm, Georg Hoffmann, Sven Knüppel, Khalid Iqbal, Stefaan De Henauw, Nathalie Michels, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Sabrina Schlesinger, Lukas Schwingshackl
BACKGROUND: Despite growing evidence for food-based dietary patterns' potential to reduce cardiovascular disease risk, knowledge about the amounts of food associated with the greatest change in risk of specific cardiovascular outcomes and about the quality of meta-evidence is limited.Therefore, the aim of this meta-analysis was to synthesize the knowledge about the relation between intake of 12 major food groups (whole grains, refined grains, vegetables, fruit, nuts, legumes, eggs, dairy, fish, red meat, processed meat, and sugar-sweetened beverages [SSB]) and the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke and heart failure (HF)...
October 17, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036999/-the-contamination-and-dietary-exposure-analysis-for-seven-mycotoxins-in-the-fifth-chinese-total-diet-study
#4
N N Qiu, B Lyu, S Zhou, Y F Zhao, Y N Wu
Objective: To investigate the contamination levels and dietary intakes of seven mycotoxins in Chinese diets. Methods: In Chinese Total Diet Study, food aggregation was based on the food consumption of local residents, thus generating the sampling scheme. According to the sampling scheme, the food items were sampled at three survey points in each province and then mixed in the same proportion. The mixed dietary samples were prepared after being cooked and processed. The samples comprised of 13 categories of food: cereals, beans, potatoes, meat, eggs, aquatic products, milk, vegetables, fruits, saccharides, beverages and drinking water, alcohol, and condiments...
October 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036212/dietary-patterns-and-mental-health-after-myocardial-infarction
#5
Nathaly Rius-Ottenheim, Daan Kromhout, Femke P C Sijtsma, Johanna M Geleijnse, Erik J Giltay
BACKGROUND: Diet has been associated with better mental health in general populations, but less is known on this association in patients with a history of coronary heart disease. The objective of this study is to examine the cross-sectional associations between dietary patterns and mental health in elderly patients with a history of myocardial infarction. METHODS: Data were drawn from the final assessment of the Alpha Omega cohort that monitored patients with a history of myocardial infarction (age range 60-80 years)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036177/dietary-patterns-in-internal-migrants-in-a-continental-country-a-population-based-study
#6
Antonio Augusto Ferreira Carioca, Bartira Gorgulho, Juliana Araujo Teixeira, Regina Mara Fisberg, Dirce Maria Marchioni
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the differences and similarities in dietary patterns among migrants and natives. METHODS: A population-based, cross-sectional study was conducted in the city of São Paulo. The study population included internal migrants, defined as individuals born outside São Paulo city who had lived in the city for ten years or longer. The final population (n = 999) was divided into three groups: natives of São Paulo (n = 354), migrants from the Southeast (n = 349) and migrants from the Northeast (n = 296)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035790/is-ecological-food-also-radioecological-210-po-and-210-pb-studies
#7
Dagmara Strumińska-Parulska, Grzegorz Olszewski
Presented are results of a study on accumulation of naturally occurring (210)Po and (210)Pb in ecological and conventional farming food products in Poland: fruits, vegetables and cereals. The main idea behind this research was to determine the activity concentrations of (210)Po and (210)Pb in ecological and commercial food as well as calculate and compare the effective dose (radiation) connected to different origin of analyzed food products consumption. The studies showed the majority of all compared food samples contained similar (210)Po and (210)Pb activities and statistically, the consumption of organic and commercial food would give similar annual effective dose...
October 9, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035571/flavonoids-in-fruits-and-vegetables-after-thermal-and-nonthermal-processing-a-review
#8
Maruf Ahmed, Jong-Bang Eun
Consumers currently demand more nutritious food, which is minimally processed and naturally produced. Flavonoids are one of the major plant metabolites found throughout the plant kingdom, especially in fruits and vegetables. Flavonoids exert tremendous positive effects on health and protect against various diseases. Fruits and vegetables are difficult to store for a long period, owing to their perishable nature even at low temperatures. Therefore, processing is necessary to prolong their shelf lives and increase nutritional values...
October 16, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034071/apigenin-in-cancer-therapy-anti-cancer-effects-and-mechanisms-of-action
#9
REVIEW
Xiaohui Yan, Miao Qi, Pengfei Li, Yihong Zhan, Huanjie Shao
Apigenin is a common dietary flavonoid that is abundantly present in many fruits, vegetables and Chinese medicinal herbs and serves multiple physiological functions, such as strong anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antibacterial and antiviral activities and blood pressure reduction. Therefore, apigenin has been used as a traditional medicine for centuries. Recently, apigenin has been widely investigated for its anti-cancer activities and low toxicity. Apigenin was reported to suppress various human cancers in vitro and in vivo by multiple biological effects, such as triggering cell apoptosis and autophagy, inducing cell cycle arrest, suppressing cell migration and invasion, and stimulating an immune response...
2017: Cell & Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033020/the-seasonal-evolution-of-fruit-vegetable-and-yard-wastes-by-mono-co-and-tri-digestion-at-hyderabad-sindh-pakistan
#10
Muhammad Safar Korai, Rasool Bux Mahar, Muhammad Aslam Uqaili
The contribution of biowastes in municipal solid waste (MSW) is increasing day by day and being dumped in open atmosphere along with other wastes in every city of Pakistan. This study was formulated to evaluate the feasibility of biowastes such as fruit, vegetable and yard wastes of different seasons individual and mixing at different ratios to optimize methane production at Hyderabad Sindh, Pakistan. Batch digestion of selected samples was conducted for 40 days under mesophilic condition. Methane yield of individual fruit, vegetable and yard wastes (FrVYW) of summer and winter season was obtained in the range of 0...
October 9, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032632/linking-agriculture-and-nutrition-education-to-improve-infant-and-young-child-feeding-lessons-for-future-programmes
#11
Ellen Muehlhoff, Ramani Wijesinha-Bettoni, Elizabeth Westaway, Theresa Jeremias, Stacia Nordin, Julia Garz
Agriculture and food systems play a central role in nutrition by supplying nutritious, healthy and affordable foods. When integrated with nutrition education for behaviour change, agricultural interventions that supply diverse affordable foods from all food groups have great scope for improving young child and family diets. In 2014, process reviews were conducted in Cambodia and Malawi of food security projects that provided agricultural support and community-based nutrition education on improved infant and young child feeding (IYCF)...
October 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032630/risk-factors-of-poor-complementary-feeding-practices-in-pakistani-children-aged-6-23%C3%A2-months-a-multilevel-analysis-of-the-demographic-and-health-survey-2012-2013
#12
Muzi Na, Víctor M Aguayo, Mary Arimond, Christine P Stewart
Appropriate feeding practices are crucial for survival, growth, and development in childhood. This paper analyzes Pakistan's Demographic and Health Survey 2012-2013 to fill the knowledge gap in risk factors of poor complementary feeding practices in Pakistani children. Multilevel models were applied to fit the multistage cluster sample of 2,827 children aged 6-23 months from 489 communities. Introduction of solid, semi-solid, or soft foods (intro) was achieved in 67% infants aged 6-8 months. Among children aged 6-23 months, the proportion of children meeting minimum meal frequency, dietary diversity (MDD), and acceptable diet criteria were 63%, 22% and 15%, respectively...
October 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032627/complementary-feeding-practices-for-infants-and-young-children-in-south-asia-a-review-of-evidence-for-action-post-2015
#13
Víctor M Aguayo
Some 37% (~64 million) South Asian children under 5 years are stunted. Most stunting occurs during the complementary feeding period (6-23 months). Our objective was to (a) characterize complementary feeding practices in South Asia and (b) review the effectiveness of information, education, and counselling (IEC) interventions aiming to improve complementary feeding in South Asia. We conducted a comprehensive review of (a) the latest nationally representative survey data and (b) peer-reviewed interventions (January 1990 to December 2015) that used IEC as the main strategy to improve complementary feeding...
October 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031356/management-of-the-metabolic-acidosis-of-chronic-kidney-disease
#14
REVIEW
Nimrit Goraya, Donald E Wesson
Subjects with CKD and reduced glomerular filtration rate are at risk for chronic metabolic acidosis, and CKD is its most common cause. Untreated metabolic acidosis, even in its mildest forms, is associated with increased mortality and morbidity and should therefore be treated. If reduced glomerular filtration rate or the tubule abnormality causing chronic metabolic acidosis cannot be corrected, it is typically treated with dietary acid (H(+)) reduction using Na(+)-based alkali, usually NaHCO3. Dietary H(+) reduction can also be accomplished with the addition of base-producing foods such as fruits and vegetables and limiting intake of H(+)-producing foods like animal-sourced protein...
September 2017: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031185/diet-quality-and-depression-risk-a-systematic-review-and-dose-response-meta-analysis-of-prospective-studies
#15
REVIEW
Marc Molendijk, Patricio Molero, Felipe Ortuño Sánchez-Pedreño, Willem Van der Does, Miguel Angel Martínez-González
BACKGROUND: It has been claimed that the quality of a diet is associated with the incidence of depressive disorders. We sought to investigate the evidence for this claim. METHODS: Systematic searches were performed up to March 6th, 2017 in order to identify prospective cohort studies that reported on exposure to dietary patterns or food groups and the incidence of depression/depressive symptoms. Data from 24 independent cohorts (totalling 1,959,217 person-years) were pooled in random-effects meta-analyses...
September 23, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030117/biohydrogen-production-from-hyperthermophilic-anaerobic-digestion-of-fruit-and-vegetable-wastes-in-seawater-simplification-of-the-culture-medium-of-thermotoga-maritima
#16
Rafika Saidi, Pierre Pol Liebgott, Hana Gannoun, Lamia Ben Gaida, Baligh Miladi, Moktar Hamdi, Hassib Bouallagui, Richard Auria
Biohydrogen production by the hyperthermophilic and halophilic bacterium T. maritima, using fruit and vegetable wastes as the carbon and energy sources was studied. Batch fermentation cultures showed that the use of a culture medium containing natural seawater and fruit and vegetable wastes can replace certain components (CaCl2, MgCl2, Balch's oligo-elements, yeast extract, KH2PO4 and K2HPO4) present in basal medium. However, a source of nitrogen and sulfur remained necessary for biohydrogen production. When fruit and vegetable waste collected from a wholesale market landfill was used, no decreases in total H2 production (139 mmol L(-1)) or H2 yield (3...
October 10, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030041/the-application-of-chiral-ultra-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-to-the-separation-of-the-zoxamide-enantiomers-and-the-study-of-enantioselective-degradation-process-in-agricultural-plants
#17
Xinglu Pan, Fengshou Dong, Zenglong Chen, Jun Xu, Xingang Liu, Xiaohu Wu, Yongquan Zheng
In this study, an effective and sensitive chiral analytical method was developed to detect zoxamide enantiomers in vegetables, fruits and environmental matrices using ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Optimal separation conditions were achieved with Lux Amylose-2 chiral column using acetonitrile/water (70:30v/v) as mobile phase with a flow rate and column temperature of 0.5mL/min and 25°C. The absolute configuration, optical rotation and elution order were confirmed for the first time...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028487/ziram-a-dithiocarbamate-fungicide-exhibits-pseudo-cytoprotective-actions-against-oxidative-stress-in-rat-thymocytes-possible-environmental-risks
#18
Yumiko Kanemoto-Kataoka, Keisuke Oyama, Tomohiro M Oyama, Hitoshi Ishibashi, Yasuo Oyama
Ziram, a dithiocarbamate fungicide, protects various vegetables and fruits against infections by fungus. Recently, there have been increasing anxieties about the risks in the use of dithiocarbamate fungicides. Our previous studies showed that Zn(2+) was a determinant of Ziram cytotoxicity. In addition, Zn(2+) is linked to H2O2 cytotoxicity. Therefore, in this study, we aimed to test the hypothesis that Ziram could augment the cytotoxicity of H2O2 by examining the changes induced by Ziram in some cellular parameters in rat thymic lymphocytes subjected to H2O2-induced oxidative stress using flow-cytometric methods with fluorescent dyes...
October 10, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027330/poor-nutrition-from-first-foods-a-cross-sectional-study-of-complementary-feeding-of-infants-and-young-children-in-six-remote-aboriginal-communities-across-northern-australia
#19
Dympna Leonard, Danielle Aquino, Nyssa Hadgraft, Fintan Thompson, Julia V Marley
AIM: To describe the first foods of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander infants and young children who were recruited to a nutrition promotion and anaemia prevention program conducted from 2010 to 2012, in six remote communities across northern Australia. METHODS: Food records (24-hour diet history, food variety checklist) were completed on recruitment by interview with a parent or carer. Cross-sectional analysis assessed the proportion of participants consuming recommended and not-recommended foods and drinks and meeting recommendations for meal frequency and dietary diversity...
October 13, 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026389/oxidative-stress-and-histopathological-changes-induced-by-methylthiophanate-a-systemic-fungicide-in-blood-liver-and-kidney-of-adult-rats
#20
Ben Amara Ibtissem, Ben Saad Hajer, Hakim Ahmed, Elwej Awatef, Kallel Choumous, Boudawara Ons, Zeghal Khaled Mounir, Zeghal Najiba
BACKGROUND: Methyl-thiophanate (MT), a fungicide largely used in agriculture throughout the world including Tunisia, protects many vegetables, fruits and field crops against a wide spectrum of fungal diseases. Oxidative stress has been proposed as a possible mechanism involved in MT toxicity on non-target organism. METHODS: In the present study, the effect of MT injected intraperitoneally to adult rats at 300 or 500 mg/kg of body weight was studied on blood, liver and kidney...
March 2017: African Health Sciences
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