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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654454/sepsis-in-obstetrics-clinical-features-and-early-warning-tools
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654446/sepsis-in-obstetrics-pathophysiology-and-diagnostic-definitions
#2
Sheryl E Parfitt, Mary L Bogat, Sandra L Hering, Cheryl Roth
In spite of many medical breakthroughs, sepsis continues to be challenging to identify, treat, and successfully resolve, including among the obstetric population. Sepsis is the result of an overactive, complex inflammatory response that is not completely understood. Currently there are no nationally agreed-upon criteria for systemic inflammatory response syndrome or sepsis in pregnant or peripartum women, as the physiologic changes of pregnancy have not been taken into consideration.This article is the first in a series of three that discuss the importance of sepsis and septic shock in pregnancy...
July 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654445/sepsis-in-obstetrics
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653359/ultrasound-assessment-of-gastric-content-in-the-immediate-postpartum-period-a-prospective-observational-descriptive-study
#4
F Vial, N Hime, J Feugeas, N Thilly, P Guerci, H Bouaziz
INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary aspiration of gastric contents in pregnant women undergoing general anesthesia or sedation/analgesia in the peripartum period is a feared complication in obstetric anesthesia. We assessed the changes in antral cross-sectional area (CSA) with ultrasonography in laboring women and in the immediate postpartum period. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In an observational study in a university-affiliated maternity, gastric ultrasonography examinations were performed in non-consecutive laboring women, after epidural analgesia insertion and after childbirth...
June 26, 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652901/the-efficacy-and-safety-of-laser-lithotripsy-in-pregnancy
#5
Amir Reza Abedi, Farzad Allameh, Mohammad Reza Razzaghi, Behrouz Fadavi, Hamidreza Qashqai, Saman Najafi, Arash Ranjbar, Manouchehr Bashirian
Introduction: The aim of our study was to assess the efficacy and safety of laser lithotripsy in pregnant patients. Methods: In this retrospective study, we reviewed the 15 pregnant women who have been treated for ureteral stones with semi-rigid ureteroscope and holmium laser at our center between Januarys 2007and April 2015. Results: The mean age of patients and mean gestational age was 29.3 years old 27.3 weeks respectively. Mean size of stones was 7.84 mm. Twelve patients had renal colic, and hematuria was found in 3 cases...
2017: Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652839/increasing-patient-safety-with-neonates-via-handoff-communication-during-delivery-a-call-for-interprofessional-health-care-team-training-across-gme-and-cme
#6
Allison A Vanderbilt, Scott M Pappada, Howard Stein, David Harper, Thomas J Papadimos
Hospitals have struggled for years regarding the handoff process of communicating patient information from one health care professional to another. Ineffective handoff communication is recognized as a serious patient safety risk within the health care community. It is essential to take communication into consideration when examining the safety of neonates who require immediate medical attention after birth; effective communication is vital for positive patient outcomes, especially with neonates in a delivery room setting...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652838/pregnancy-outcomes-in-younger-and-older-adolescent-mothers-with-severe-preeclampsia
#7
Priscila E Parra-Pingel, Luis A Quisiguiña-Avellán, Luis Hidalgo, Peter Chedraui, Faustino R Pérez-López
BACKGROUND: Adolescent mothers are at higher risk for preeclampsia, but the effect of their age on the outcome of the pregnancy complication is not clear. OBJECTIVE: To describe maternal and neonatal outcomes among singleton adolescent pregnancies complicated with severe preeclampsia in a low-income-setting hospital and compare results according to age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Maternal and neonatal outcomes of 213 adolescent mothers complicated with severe preeclampsia delivering at the Enrique C...
2017: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652788/economic-and-organizational-sustainability-of-a-negative-pressure-portable-device-for-the-prevention-of-surgical-site-complications
#8
Emanuela Foglia, Lucrezia Ferrario, Elisabetta Garagiola, Giuseppe Signoriello, Gianluca Pellino, Davide Croce, Silvestro Canonico
PURPOSE: Surgical-site complications (SSCs) affect patients' clinical pathway, prolonging their hospitalization and incrementing their management costs. The present study aimed to assess the economic and organizational implications of a portable device for negative-pressure wound therapy (NPWT) implementation, compared with the administration of pharmacological therapies alone for preventing surgical complications in patients undergoing general, cardiac, obstetrical-gynecological, or orthopedic surgical procedures...
2017: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652777/overexpression-of-the-cancer-stem-cell-marker-cd117-predicts-poor-prognosis-in-epithelial-ovarian-cancer-patients-evidence-from-meta-analysis
#9
Bikang Yang, Xuebing Yan, Liguo Liu, Chunyu Jiang, Shuping Hou
PURPOSE: Cancer stem cells have recently been identified as a key driving factor for tumor metastasis and chemoresistance. CD117 is a well-established cancer stem cell marker, but its clinical significance in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) remains controversial. Therefore, we aimed to identify correlations between CD117 expression and clinical features and outcomes in EOC patients in this meta-analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search was performed in the PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, EMBASE, and OVID databases to identify eligible studies...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651792/racial-and-ethnic-differences-in-contraception-use-and-obstetric-outcomes-a-review
#10
REVIEW
Andrea V Jackson, Lin-Fan Wang, Jessica Morse
In the United States, racial and ethnic minority women experience higher rates of contraceptive non-use, failure, unintended pregnancy, and lower use of long-acting reversible contraception (LARC), compared to whites. Simultaneously researchers have found that unintended pregnancy is associated with poor pregnancy outcomes and pregnancy behaviors, including pre-term birth and late initiation of prenatal care, respectively. Due to the association of pregnancy intention and obstetrical outcomes, public health efforts have focused on the increase in contraception use among these populations as a way to decrease poor pregnancy outcomes...
June 23, 2017: Seminars in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651611/adolescent-deliveries-in-semi-urban-cameroon-prevalence-and-adverse-neonatal-outcomes
#11
Tsi Njim, Valirie Ndip Agbor
OBJECTIVES: Adolescent pregnancies are high risk due to the increased probability of adverse outcomes; as adolescents are usually considered to be ill-equipped to deal with the burden of pregnancy. We sought to determine the prevalence of adolescent deliveries in a secondary-level care hospital in semi-urban Cameroon-Bamenda, the adverse neonatal outcomes and to assess if previous obstetric history could preclude adolescents from having adverse outcomes in their present pregnancy. RESULTS: The prevalence of adolescent deliveries was 8...
June 26, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651495/mir-205-serves-as-a-prognostic-factor-and-suppresses-proliferation-and-invasion-by-targeting-insulin-like-growth-factor-receptor-1-in-human-cervical-cancer
#12
Hui Pang, Xiuying Yue
MicroRNAs are a kind of small and non-coding RNAs, which have been demonstrated to play an important role in the progression of human cervical cancer. Here, we found that the expression of miR-205 was low in cervical cancer cell lines and tissues, compared with matched non-tumor tissues and human endocervical epithelial cells. Also, miR-205 was inversely correlated with histological differentiation, metastasis, International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage, and the expression of insulin-like growth factor receptor 1 messenger RNA and protein...
June 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651492/kpna2-is-a-potential-diagnostic-serum-biomarker-for-epithelial-ovarian-cancer-and-correlates-with-poor-prognosis
#13
Long Huang, Yun Zhou, Xin-Ping Cao, Jia-Xin Lin, Lan Zhang, Shu-Ting Huang, Min Zheng
This study aimed to determine whether serum karyopherin alpha 2 levels can be used as a diagnostic biomarker for epithelial ovarian carcinoma. Karyopherin alpha 2 protein was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in serum samples from 162 epithelial ovarian carcinoma patients and 48 healthy controls. Serum karyopherin alpha 2 levels in epithelial ovarian carcinoma patients were significantly higher than in healthy controls ( p < 0.001). When a karyopherin alpha 2 serum level of 2.52 µg/mL was used as a cut-off, the sensitivity and specificity of the assay for diagnosing epithelial ovarian carcinoma were 71...
June 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651449/the-association-between-obstetric-history-and-preterm-birth-in-women-with-uterine-anomalies
#14
Amrin Khander, Erica Stern, Rachel S Gerber, Nathan S Fox
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the association between obstetric history and preterm birth in women with uterine anomalies. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of women with uterine anomalies managed by one maternal-fetal medicine practice from 2005-2016. Women were separated into three groups based on their most recent pregnancy outcome: preterm birth <37 weeks, nulliparous, term birth. Delivery outcomes were compared across the three groups, with the primary outcome being preterm birth <37 weeks...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651296/early-discharge-hospital-at-home
#15
REVIEW
Daniela C Gonçalves-Bradley, Steve Iliffe, Helen A Doll, Joanna Broad, John Gladman, Peter Langhorne, Suzanne H Richards, Sasha Shepperd
BACKGROUND: Early discharge hospital at home is a service that provides active treatment by healthcare professionals in the patient's home for a condition that otherwise would require acute hospital inpatient care. This is an update of a Cochrane review. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness and cost of managing patients with early discharge hospital at home compared with inpatient hospital care. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the following databases to 9 January 2017: the Cochrane Effective Practice and Organisation of Care Group (EPOC) register, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, and EconLit...
June 26, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650696/pregnancy-in-cancer-patients-and-survivors-experience-of-a-university-hospital-in-turkey
#16
Ebru Alıcı Davutoğlu, Riza Madazlı, Nevin Yılmaz, Ayşegül Ozel, Sezin Uludag, Işık Sozen
The aim of this study was to assess the obstetrical and neonatal outcomes of pregnancies in cancer patients and survivors. A retrospective analysis of 68 pregnancies with a history of cancer and 31 newly diagnosed pregnant cancer patients were included in the study. The mean birth weight and the mean gestational age at delivery were significantly lower in the pregnant cancer patients (p < .001). The incidences of delivery less than 34 weeks were 8.8% and 29.1% in the cancer survivors and cancer diagnosed during pregnancy groups respectively (p < ...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650528/urinary-diversions-in-low-resource-settings
#17
Jeffrey P Wilkinson
Obstetric fistula is a devastating consequence of poorly attended childbirth which occurs almost exclusively in low resource settings. Most women with fistula can be cured or significantly improved by one or more vaginal surgeries. The last resort for women with otherwise incurable obstetric fistula is urinary diversion. The ileal conduit urinary diversion was the procedure considered by the authors of the accompanying article (Walker et al BJOG). Under optimal conditions, any urinary diversion is fraught with numerous potential risks...
June 26, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650063/-obstetric-brachial-plexus-palsy-incidence-monitoring-of-progress-and-prognostic-factors
#18
G Vaquero, A Ramos, J C Martinez, P Valero, N Nunez-Enamorado, R Simon-De Las Heras, A Camacho-Salas
INTRODUCTION: Obstetric brachial plexus palsy is related with shoulder dystocia, and its main risk factor is macrosomia. Its incidence is estimated to be between 0.1 and 6.3 cases per 1,000 live newborn infants. Most cases are resolved but can give rise to permanent functional deficiency, which means that there is an interest to identify possible prognostic factors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a descriptive study of newborn infants with obstetric brachial plexus palsy born in our hospital between the years 2011 and 2015...
July 1, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649781/anti-d-reagents-should-be-chosen-accordingly-to-the-prevalence-of-d-variants-in-the-obstetric-population
#19
Jelena Lukacevic Krstic, Slavica Dajak, Jasna Bingulac-Popovic, Vesna Dogic, Jela Mratinovic-Mikulandra
BACKGROUND: Resolving ambiguous results of D antigen typing is crucial for appropriate and rational administration of anti-D immunoprophylaxis and transfusion practice in obstetric population. The aim of the study was to establish selection criteria of anti-D reagents for our population. METHODS: A total of 12 689 samples from primiparous women in Split-Dalmatia County, Croatia, were typed for RhD antigen during the period of 5 years. Ambiguous results were submitted to additional serologic investigation and genotyping...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649565/increasing-regional-anesthesia-use-in-a-serbian-teaching-hospital-through-an-international-collaboration
#20
REVIEW
Curtis L Baysinger, Borislava Pujic, Ivan Velickovic, Medge D Owen, Joanna Serafin, Matthew S Shotwell, Ferne Braveman
Many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) report low rates of regional anesthesia (RA) use for cesarean delivery (CD), despite its association with lower maternal major morbidity and mortality. Also, the prevalence of neuraxial analgesia for labor (NAL) is often low in LMICs. We report on the results of a collaboration in clinical education over a multi-year period between Kybele Inc., an international non-profit organization, and Klinicki Centar Vojvodine (CCV), a teaching hospital in Novi Sad, Serbia, to increase RA use for CD and NAL at CCV...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
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