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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169099/exposure-to-arsenic-in-tap-water-and-gestational-diabetes-a-french-semi-ecological-study
#1
Cécile Marie, Stéphanie Léger, Aline Guttmann, Olivier Rivière, Nathalie Marchiset, Didier Lémery, Françoise Vendittelli, Marie-Pierre Sauvant-Rochat
INTRODUCTION: The increase in the prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and its consequences for mother and children prompts research on their risk factors including environmental factors. Studies on exposure to arsenic (As) in tap water and the risk of GDM have not provided conclusive evidence, particularly when levels of exposure were low (from 10 to 50µg As/L). The main objective of this study was to assess the association between exposure to As in tap water and the risk of GDM...
November 20, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168665/the-clinicopathological-parameters-significance-of-cd133-and-nestin-in-epithelial-ovarian-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#2
Lili Zhao, Jun Li, Manli Liu, Hongrun Zhou, Hong Zou, Yutao Wei, Kunming Sun, Ganxiong Li, Shugang Li, Lijuan Pang
This meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the association of CD133 and Nestin with epithelial ovarian cancer. Databases (PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang) were searched for relevant studies updated in August 2017. CD133 and Nestin expression were estimated by immunohistochemistry. Statistical analysis was performed by RevMan. A total of 18 studies were included in this meta-analysis. High expression of both CD133 and Nestin was associated with late International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage (p < 0...
November 23, 2017: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167771/somatic-vegetative-symptoms-evolution-in-postmenopausal-women-treated-with-phytoestrogens-and-hormone-replacement-therapy
#3
Delia Mirela Ţiţ, Annamaria Pallag, Ciprian Iovan, Gheorghe Furău, Cristian Furău, Simona Bungău
Background: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of the phytoestrogens in relieving and/or suppressing the specific somatic-vegetative symptoms of menopause with those of the hormone therapy, administered in small doses. Methods: The study was conducted in the County Clinical Emergency Hospital Oradea - Obstetric-Gynecological Ambulatory, and in private obstetrics-gynecology cabinets from Bihor County (NW Romania), from November 2011 to January 2014...
November 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166810/anesthetic-management-of-amniotic-fluid-embolism-a-multi-center-prospective-cohort-study
#4
Shiri Skolnik, Alexander Ioscovich, Leonid A Eidelman, Atara Davis, Anat Shmueli, Amir Aviram, Sharon Orbach-Zinger
INTRODUCTION: Amniotic fluid embolism (AFE) is a rare and potentially lethal obstetric complication, commonly occurring during labor, delivery, or immediately postpartum. There is a paucity of data regarding incidence, risk factors, and clinical management. Our primary objective in this study was to evaluate clinical presentation of AFE and delineate anesthesia management of these cases. METHODS: This 10 years retrospective multi-center cohort study was performed in five tertiary university-affiliated medical centers, between the years 2005 and 2015...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166449/caesarean-birth-rates-in-public-and-privately-funded-hospitals-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Bruna Dias Alonso, Flora Maria Barbosa da Silva, Maria do Rosário Dias de Oliveira Latorre, Carmen Simone Grilo Diniz, Debra Bick
OBJECTIVE: To examine maternal and obstetric factors influencing births by cesarean section according to health care funding. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with data from Southeastern Brazil. Caesarean section births from February 2011 to July 2012 were included. Data were obtained from interviews with women whose care was publicly or privately funded, and from their obstetric and neonatal records. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to generate crude and adjusted odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) for caesarean section births...
2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166262/antiphosphatidylserine-prothrombin-antibodies-aps-pt-as-potential-diagnostic-markers-and-risk-predictors-of-venous-thrombosis-and-obstetric-complications-in-antiphospholipid-syndrome
#6
Hui Shi, Hui Zheng, Yu-Feng Yin, Qiong-Yi Hu, Jia-Lin Teng, Yue Sun, Hong-Lei Liu, Xiao-Bing Cheng, Jun-Na Ye, Yu-Tong Su, Xin-Yao Wu, Jin-Feng Zhou, Gary L Norman, Hui-Yun Gong, Xin-Ming Shi, Yi-Bing Peng, Xue-Feng Wang, Cheng-De Yang
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence and clinical associations of antiphosphatidylserine/prothrombin antibodies (aPS/PT) with thrombosis and pregnancy loss in Chinese patients with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) and seronegative APS (SNAPS). METHODS: One hundred and eighty six Chinese patients with APS (67 primary, 119 secondary), 48 with SNAPS, 176 disease controls (79 systemic lupus erythematosus [SLE], 29 Sjogren's syndrome [SS], 30 ankylosing spondylitis [AS], 38 rheumatoid arthritis [RA]) and 90 healthy donors were examined...
November 22, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166183/the-development-of-an-interactive-health-education-model-based-on-the-djuwita-application-for-adolescent-girls
#7
Sri Djuwitaningsih, Setyowati
Alarming incidents of maternal deaths in Indonesia are due to three major causes: bleeding, sepsis, and hypertension, in addition to other non-obstetric causes and unsafe abortions. Adolescent girls contributed to maternal mortality based on early marriage, unwanted pregnancy, and childbirth. Prevention efforts have been taken through government programs and non-governmental organizations, but in practice those were considered ineffective. Thus, a preventative effort in the form of health education should be made, preferably embedded in a popular mobile application that most teenagers would be apt to use...
2017: Compr Child Adolesc Nurs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164970/a-feasibility-study-of-trauma-sensitive-obstetric-care-for-low-income-ethno-racial-minority-pregnant-abuse-survivors
#8
N R Stevens, T A Lillis, L Wagner, V Tirone, S E Hobfoll
PURPOSE: This study evaluated the feasibility and acceptability of an integrated (psychological and obstetric) intervention for pregnant abuse survivors with posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTS) from low-income, ethno-racial minority backgrounds. METHODS: Trauma-sensitive obstetrics to promote control, anxiety-reduction and empowerment (TO-CARE) offers cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) coping skills delivered over six sessions by therapists, coupled with trauma-sensitive obstetric care from specially-trained obstetric physicians...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164597/maternal-body-mass-index-as-a-predictor-for-delivery-method
#9
Anita Pettersen-Dahl, Gulim Murzakanova, Leiv Sandvik, Katariina Laine
INTRODUCTION: High maternal body mass index (BMI) is associated with complications during pregnancy and delivery, such as gestational diabetes, hypertensive disorders, perineal injuries and macrosomia. The aim of this study was to assess the association between maternal BMI and delivery method in non-breech, singleton deliveries, after 36 weeks of gestation, in women with no more than one previous cesarean section, in Oslo University hospital, Ullevål. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective register study used data from the hospital obstetrical database in 2011-2012, forming a cohort of 8821 women...
November 22, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164591/trend-of-decreasing-length-of-cervical-cone-excision-during-the-last-20-years
#10
F Sopracordevole, N Clemente, G Delli Carpini, G Giorda, A Del Fabro, L Moriconi, G De Piero, L Alessandrini, V Canzonieri, M Buttignol, M Nicodemo, A Ciavattini
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present investigation was to evaluate the cervical conizations performed in the last 20 years in a single institution, with a particular interest in analyzing the trend of the length of cone excisions. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of women who underwent a CO2-laser cervical conization between January 1996 and December 2015. Cytological abnormalities on referral pap smear, colposcopic findings and pertinent clinical and socio-demographic characteristics of each woman were collected...
November 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164358/medical-and-neuropsychiatric-phenomena-depicted-in-two-spanish-medieval-texts-of-marian-miracles
#11
Francisco de Assis Aquino Gondim, Pamela Bastante, Wilcar Cavalcante Gondim, Joana Gurgel Holanda Filha, Florian P Thomas
In the history of Christianity, veneration of the Virgin Mary reached its greatest intensity in the XIII century. Her perceived impact on daily life was tremendous and not surprisingly this extended to the spheres of disease and healing. The purpose of this study is to compare the medical and neuropsychiatric findings in two XIII century Spanish texts of Marian miracles, both examples of the popular Catholicism (vs. official catholic doctrine). We analyzed the medical and neuropsychiatric events in the Cantigas de Santa Maria (Canticles of St...
November 21, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164265/the-power-and-pitfalls-of-big-data-research-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology-a-consumer-s-guide
#12
Amie Goodin, Chris Delcher, Chelsea Valenzuela, Xi Wang, Yanmin Zhu, Dikea Roussos-Ross, Joshua D Brown
Importance: Research in obstetrics and gynecology (OB/GYN) increasingly relies on "big data" and observational study designs. There is a gap in practitioner-relevant guides to interpret and critique such research. Objective: This guide is an introduction to interpreting research using observational data and provides explanations and context for related terminology. In addition, it serves as a guide for critiquing OB/GYN studies that use observational data by outlining how to assess common pitfalls of experimental and observational study designs...
November 2017: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163023/perinatal-asphyxia-in-rat-alters-expression-of-novel-schizophrenia-risk-genes
#13
Alessandra Paparelli, Keiko Iwata, Tomoyasu Wakuda, Conrad Iyegbe, Robin M Murray, Nori Takei
Epidemiological studies suggest that obstetric complications, particularly those related to hypoxia during labor and delivery, are a risk factor for development of schizophrenia. The impact of perinatal asphyxia on postnatal life has been studied in a rodent model of global hypoxia, which is accompanied by cesarean section birth. This asphyxia model shows several behavioral, pharmacological, neurochemical, and neuroanatomical abnormalities in adulthood that have relevance to schizophrenia. Further, it is suggested that schizophrenia has a strong genetic component, and indeed novel candidate genes were recently identified by a genome-wide association study...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162956/risk-assessment-at-11-14-week-antenatal-visit-a-tertiary-referral-center-experience-from-south-india
#14
Anusha Vellamkondu, Akhila Vasudeva, Rajeshwari G Bhat, Asha Kamath, Sapna V Amin, Lavanya Rai, Pratap Kumar
Background: Present study carried out in a tertiary referral hospital in South India attempts to determine the predictive value of integrated screening at 11-14-week antenatal visit. Objectives: To determine the detection rate of fetal abnormalities at 11-14 weeks and also to predict the placental dysfunction disorders based on early integrated evaluation. Method: Integrated screening performed on 440 women between 11 and 14 weeks, including detailed maternal history [medical history, bad obstetric history (BOH)], body mass index (BMI), mean arterial pressure (MAP), detailed ultrasound and maternal serum biochemistry as part of combined first-trimester screening for aneuploidy...
December 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162954/analyses-of-nutrients-and-body-mass-index-as-risk-factor-for-preeclampsia
#15
Yusrawati, Nicko Pisceski Kusika Saputra, Nur Indrawati Lipoeto, Rizanda Machmud
Background: Little is known about the pathogenesis of preeclampsia. Many factors are identified as risk factors for preeclampsia including nutrients and obesity. The aim of this study was to assess whether nutrients and body mass index (BMI) are risk factors for preeclampsia. Methods: This was a case-control study at the Department of Obstetric and Gynecology in Dr. M. Djamil Hospital, Padang, Indonesia. A total of 140 patients were enrolled in this study with 70 cases and 70 controls...
December 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162783/impact-of-macroprolactin-on-galactorrhea-and-the-rate-of-patients-possibly-affected-by-macroprolactin
#16
Kohzo Aisaka, Fujiko Tsuchiya, Masami Sueta, Kana Itabashi, Sayaka Nose, Akiko Hasegawa, Seiichiro Obata, Haruko Hiraike, Tetsuhiko Yokoyama
The clinical influence of macroprolactin (MPRL) is not clearly understood and the rate of patients potentially affected by MPRL is unknown. We investigated the influence of MPRL on the onset of galactorrhea and estimated the rate of patients with a proportion of MPRL fraction that may possibly affect galactorrhea. Data of patients with obstetric or gynecological symptoms who had undergone PRL fractionation testing were retrospectively analyzed. To evaluate factors influencing galactorrhea, a multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed and the adjusted odds ratios of MPRL for galactorrhea were calculated...
November 22, 2017: Endocrine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162475/-thyrotropin-reference-ranges-during-pregnancy-in-the-province-of-huelva-spain
#17
A Ortega Carpio, I Vázquez Rico, M A Castaño López, L Duarte González, M Montilla Álvaro, A Ruiz Reina
OBJECTIVE: The correct diagnosis of hypothyroidism during pregnancy requires knowledge of the local trimester-specific thyrotropin (TSH) reference ranges. When these are not available, the guidelines recommend upper limits of 2.5, 3.0, and 3.0μU/ml for the 1(st), 2(nd), and 3(rd) trimesters, respectively. The aim is to establish the reference range for our local population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A population-based observational study was performed on healthy pregnant women from 11 healthcare centres in the province of Huelva...
November 18, 2017: Semergen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162087/investigation-of-the-association-between-quality-of-life-and-depressive-symptoms-during-postpartum-period-a-correlational-study
#18
Maria Papamarkou, Pavlos Sarafis, Charis P Kaite, Maria Malliarou, Andreas Tsounis, Dimitris Niakas
BACKGROUND: The onset of a major depressive episode is experienced by a large number of women in the weeks or months following delivery. Postpartum depression may deem those women experiencing it incapable of taking care for themselves, their family and their infants, while at the same time it could negatively affect their quality of life. The present study assessed the quality of life of a sample of mothers in Greece, in order to investigate the association between postpartum depression and quality of life (QoL)...
November 21, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161752/prenatal-megacystis-is-prediction-of-outcome-and-renal%C3%A2-function-possible
#19
Regina Tschannen, Rita Gobet, Josef Wisser
Objective To assess prenatal prognostic criteria for fetuses with megacystis in order to counsel parents. Methods In a retrospective observational study at a single tertiary referral center, we assessed the clinical course of 53 fetuses with megacystis cared for at the Department of Obstetrics of the University Hospital Zurich between 1995 and 2008 and followed them up for 2 to 12 years. We determined fetal karyotype, amniotic fluid volume and fetal urinary biochemistry as prenatal prognostic factors...
November 21, 2017: Ultraschall in der Medizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160490/care-management-and-nursing-governance-in-a-maternity-ward-grounded-theory
#20
Fernanda Hannah da Silva Copelli, Roberta Juliane Tono de Oliveira, José Luís Guedes Dos Santos, Aline Lima Pestana Magalhães, Vitória Regina Petters Gregório, Alacoque Lorenzini Erdmann
ETJECTIVE: To understand the care management strategies used by nurses in the governance of nursing practice in a maternity ward. METHOD: Qualitative study based on grounded theory conducted with 27 participants, partitioned into four sample groups. The data were collected through semi-structured interviews and analyzed through open, axial, and selective coding. RESULT: The care management strategies used by the nurses were: planning professional practice, leading the nursing team, search for scientific knowledge, and training inthe best practices in obstetric care...
November 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
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