keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Obstetrics

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820429/propofol-s-effects-on-the-fetal-brain-for-non-obstetric-surgery
#1
REVIEW
Ajay Malhotra, Emily Yosh, Ming Xiong
While the use of Propofol has been increasing in usage for general surgical procedures since its release to market, there has been little work done on its potential link to neurotoxicity in humans. Only recently, following the release of a warning label from the United States Food and Drug Administration (USFDA) regarding a potential link to "neurotoxicity" in the neonate, did the surgical and anesthesiology communities become more aware of its potential for harm. Given the widespread use of this drug in clinical practice, the warning label naturally raised controversy regarding intrapartum Propofol usage...
August 18, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820418/pathological-adherence-of-placenta-case-reports
#2
R Sulukhia, L Melia, N Pirtskhalava, A Sukhiashvili
Major obstetric hemorrhage is the leading cause of maternal morbidity and mortality. In rare cases, life-threatening hemorrhage in pregnant women may result from abnormal adherence of placenta. Three grades of abnormal placental attachment are defined according to the depth of invasion: placenta accreta, placenta increta, and placenta percreta. An important risk factor for placenta abnormal adherence of placenta is placenta previa in the presence of a uterine scar. The increased prevalence of cesarean section, uterine surgery, and increasing parturient age and parity have led to an increased incidence of abnormal placentation, from one in 2,500 a quarter century ago, to one in 533 deliveries currently...
July 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820417/-neurosonographical-characteristics-of-dysmature-infants-depending-on-conducted-neuroprotection
#3
A Gasparyan
The actual problem of modern obstetrics is a preterm delivery (PD), its tactics as the matter of specialists' discussions. One of the main components of "preterm delivery considerate management" is the conduction of fetus neuroprotection. Currently, the only wide spread preparation for fetus neuroprotection is magnesium sulphate, the advisability of that is criticized by several authors. The 62 neonatals of recurrent delivering women with monocarpous pregnancy, who delivered with 27-28- week gestation, were examined...
July 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820411/-importance-of-shear-wave-elastography-of-livers-in-practically-healthy-pregnant-women
#4
E Sariyeva, S Salahova, N Bayramov
Pulse-wave elastography (SWE) that is one of the mostly used methods in the recent years holds important place in assessment of liver fibrosis. However there is no exact information on the results of liver elastography in healthy pregnant women in the world literature. The aim of the study was to investigate theSWE parameters of liver elastography in practically healthy pregnant women. The subject of the research was 50 practically healthy pregnant women within 18-45 years old (mean age 27.7±0.7). The pregnant women with genital and extragenital diseases were not included to the research...
July 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820410/-changing-of-stillbirth-risks-in-different-options-of-its-registration
#5
S Mamedova
Purpose of the study - comparing of stillbirth rates and some of its risk factors in different options (after 22 and 28 completed weeks of gestation) of its registration. This study was conducted on the basis of a regional prenatal centre. Monitoring was conducted retrospectively with continuous coverage of all cases of completed pregnancy after 22 completed weeks of gestation. Stillbirth coefficient was calculated based on body weight (500 grams or more - I option, and a 1000 grams - II option) based on 100 of all birth cases (corresponding to 500 grams body weight or more, and 1,000 grams or more)...
July 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820404/responding-professionally-to-requests-for-cesarean-delivery
#6
F Chervenak, L McCullough
Patients' requests for non-indicated cesarean delivery challenge the professionalism of obstetricians. This is because physicians should not provide clinical management in the absence of an evidence-based indication for it. The ethics of responding professionally to requests for non-indicated cesarean delivery would appear to be simple: just say "No." This paper presents an ethically and clinically more nuanced approach, on the basis of the professional responsibility model of obstetric ethics, emphasizinga preventive ethics approach...
July 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820340/effect-of-support-supervision-on-maternal-and-newborn-health-services-and-practices-in-rural-eastern-uganda
#7
Angela N Kisakye, Rornald Muhumuza Kananura, Elizabeth Ekirapa-Kiracho, John Bua, Martha Akulume, Gertrude Namazzi, Suzanne Namusoke Kiwanuka
BACKGROUND: Support supervision is one of the strategies used to check the quality of services provided at health facilities. From 2013 to 2015, Makerere University School of Public Health strengthened support supervision in the district of Kibuku, Kamuli and Pallisa in Eastern Uganda to improve the quality of maternal and newborn services. OBJECTIVE: This article assesses quality improvements in maternal and newborn care services and practices during this period...
August 2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820046/-nurture-the-sprouting-bud-do-not-uproot-it-using-saving-groups-to-save-for-maternal-and-newborn-health-lessons-from-rural-eastern-uganda
#8
Elizabeth Ekirapa-Kiracho, Ligia Paina, Rornald Muhumuza Kananura, Aloysius Mutebi, Pacuto Jane, Juliet Tumuhairwe, Moses Tetui, Suzanne N Kiwanuka
BACKGROUND: Saving groups are increasingly being used to save in many developing countries. However, there is limited literature about how they can be exploited to improve maternal and newborn health. OBJECTIVES: This paper describes saving practices, factors that encourage and constrain saving with saving groups, and lessons learnt while supporting communities to save through saving groups. METHODS: This qualitative study was done in three districts in Eastern Uganda...
August 2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819985/prediction-of-labor-outcome-using-serial-transperineal-ultrasound-in-the-first-stage-of-labor
#9
Chung Ming Chor, Liona Chiu Yee Poon, Tak Yeung Leung
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility of predicting labor outcome using serial transperineal ultrasound (TPU) in the early active phase of labor. METHODS: This is a single center prospective observational study in a tertiary obstetrics unit in Hong Kong. Nulliparous women carrying singleton pregnancy at the onset of active phase of labor were recruited. Serial 3D volumes by TPU were acquired and then repeated after 1 and 2 hours, which were subsequently analyzed for fetal head symphyseal distance (HSD), angle of progression (AoP) and fetal head progression distance (PD)...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819947/secondary-dysmenorrhea-due-to-a-rudimentary-non-communicating-functional-uterine-horn
#10
Ewa Woźniakowska, Anna Stępniak, Piotr Czuczwar, Paweł Milart, Tomasz Paszkowski
Unicornuate uterus with a rudimentary horn is a rare congenital Müllerian anomaly, which may lead to many obstetrical and gynaecological complications. This pathology occurs in approximately 1/100 000 women. A rudimentary horn forms due to insufficient development of the Müllerian duct. The diagnosis of this anomaly is usually delayed, as it remains asymptomatic until adolescence and its main symptom is dysmenorrhea.
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819495/birth-preparedness-and-complication-readiness-among-pregnant-women-in-osogbo-metropolis-southwest-nigeria
#11
Adedayo Olukemi Sabageh, Oluwatosin Adediran Adeoye, Adeleye Abiodun Adeomi, Donatus Sabageh, Adebola Afolake Adejimi
INTRODUCTION: High maternal mortality is a major problem in Nigeria. Birth Preparedness and Complication Readiness will ensure that women can have professional delivery thus reducing obstetric complications. This study assessed the birth preparedness and complication readiness among pregnant women in Osogbo metropolis, a south western community in Nigeria. METHODS: A community based descriptive cross sectional survey was used. A total of 180 women were selected using multistage sampling technique...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819492/-labour-in-women-with-scarred-uterus-in-the-democratic-republic-of-the-congo-trial-of-scar-and-factors-influencing-the-outcome
#12
Félix Kitenge Wa Momat, Pierre Akilimali Zalagile, Faustin Chenge Mukalenge, Oscar Numbi Luboya, Cléophas Tshibangu Kalala, Désiré Mashinda, Gilles Grangé, Olivier Mukuku, Fanny Malonga Kaj, Chamy Cham Lubamba, Joseph Bagambe Bwama, Célestin Kayembe Mukoko, Jean Baptiste Kakoma, Justin Kizonde Kalungwe
OBJECTIVE: Our study aims to identify risks factors associated with failed trial of scar and to set a predictive score of labour in women with scarred uterus in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter cross-sectional analytic study of patients with scarred uterus in four maternity units in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) from 1 January to 31 December 2013. Logistic regression model was used to identify factors associated with failed trial of scar...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818731/association-between-severities-of-striae-gravidarum-and-obstetric-anal-sphincter-injuries-oasis
#13
Ofra Halperin, Anita Noble, Shosh Balachsan, Ester Klug, Michal Liebergall-Wischnitzer
OBJECTIVES: to examine the association between the severities of Striae Gravidarum (SG) and Obstetric Anal Sphincter Injuries (OASIS) and to measure the symptoms regarding urinary incontinence, fecal/flatus incontinence, and dyspareunia, at 6 and 12 months postpartum. DESIGN: this is a cohort study. SETTING: four university teaching medical centers in Israel, two in the north and two in the center of the country. PARTICIPANTS: women with OASIS were interviewed and assessed for SG...
August 1, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818677/low-prevalence-of-hepatitis-b-and-hepatitis-c-virus-serum-markers-in-a-cohort-of-pregnant-women-from-southern-italy
#14
Tindaro Lembo, Francesca Saffioti, Benito Chiofalo, Roberta Granese, Roberto Filomia, Roberta Grasso, Onofrio Triolo, Giovanni Raimondo
BACKGROUND: Mother-to-child transmission is still considered a major factor in the spread of hepatitis viruses. Nevertheless, epidemiological data on hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) in reproductive-age women are limited even in areas like the South of Italy where both viruses had been widespread. AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of HBV and HCV serum markers in a large cohort of pregnant women from Southern Italy. METHODS: Data concerning 7558 pregnant women consecutively admitted to an Obstetric Division of a Sicilian University Hospital over a six-year period (January 2010-December 2015) were retrospectively collected from clinical notes...
August 1, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818301/in-vitro-fertilization-and-adverse-obstetric-and-perinatal-outcomes
#15
Chantae S Sullivan-Pyke, Suneeta Senapati, Monica A Mainigi, Kurt T Barnhart
Most IVF-conceived children are healthy, but IVF has also been associated with adverse obstetric and perinatal outcomes as well as congenital anomalies. There is also literature suggesting an association between IVF and neurodevelopmental disorders as well as potentially long-term metabolic outcomes. The main driver for adverse outcomes is the higher risk of multiple gestations in IVF, but as the field moves toward single embryo transfer, the rate of multiple gestations is decreasing. Studies have shown that singleton IVF pregnancies still have a higher incidence of adverse outcomes compared to unassisted singleton pregnancies...
August 14, 2017: Seminars in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817972/real-world-research-and-the-role-of-observational-data-in-the-field-of-gynaecology-a-practical-review
#16
Oskari Heikinheimo, Johannes Bitzer, Luis García Rodríguez
OBJECTIVES: In the context of women's health, we examine (1) the role that observational ('real-world') studies have in overcoming limitations of randomised clinical trials, (2) the relative advantages and disadvantages of different study designs, (3) the importance of outcome data from observational studies when making health-economic or clinical decisions, and (4) provide insights into changing perceptions of observational clinical data. METHODS: PubMed and internet searches were used to identify (i) guidance and expert commentary on designing, conducting, analysing, and reporting clinical trials or observational studies, (ii) supporting evidence of the rapid growth of observational ('real world') studies and publications since the turn of millennium in the fields of contraception, reproductive health, obstetrics or gynaecology...
August 17, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817315/experience-of-menopause-in-women-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-pilot-study
#17
E Kaley Donaldson, V Huang, S Ross, B C Sydora
OBJECTIVE: Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are debilitating chronic intestinal diseases requiring extensive medical intervention. Little is known how IBD symptoms and treatments affect menopause experience and quality of life. The study's goal was to investigate the relationship between IBD and menopause. METHOD: Women with IBD, between the ages of 30 and 65 years, were recruited from an outpatient IBD clinic. They completed surveys on obstetric, medical, and IBD history and clinical disease activity...
August 17, 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817202/perinatal-mortality-in-japanese-women-diagnosed-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-and-diabetes-mellitus
#18
Mamoru Morikawa, Takashi Sugiyama, Norimasa Sagawa, Yuji Hiramatsu, Hiroshi Ishikawa, Hiromi Hamada, Takashi Kameda, Emiko Hara, Shigeru Toda, Hisanori Minakami
AIMS: The objective of this study was to determine how many pregnant Japanese women with diabetes mellitus (DM)/gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) experience perinatal mortality in the presence of fetal anomalies. METHODS: Our investigation included data from 205 secondary/tertiary obstetric facilities located widely in Japan. The Japan Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare Vital Statistics of Japan was used for comparison. RESULTS: Of 237 941 women giving birth at 205 hospitals, 1796 (0...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817166/pregnancy-outcomes-following-cervical-conization-or-loop-electrosurgical-excision-procedures
#19
Luke A Gatta, Jeffrey A Kuller, Eleanor H J Rhee
Background: Conservative excisional measures used to manage cervical dysplasia are often cited as risk factors for preterm labor in subsequent pregnancies. Objective: We performed an evidence-based review of the obstetric complications following excisional procedures for cervical dysplasia in women of reproductive age. Evidence Acquisition: Between 1993 and 2016, there were 7 published meta-analyses of cohort studies that consistently demonstrated an association between excisional cervical procedures and preterm labor...
August 2017: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816629/a-cascade-model-of-mentorship-for-frontline-health-workers-in-rural-health-facilities-in-eastern-uganda-processes-achievements-and-lessons
#20
Judith Ajeani, Richard Mangwi Ayiasi, Moses Tetui, Elizabeth Ekirapa-Kiracho, Gertrude Namazzi, Ronald Muhumuza Kananura, Suzanne Namusoke Kiwanuka, Jolly Beyeza-Kashesya
BACKGROUND: There is increasing demand for trainers to shift from traditional didactic training to innovative approaches that are more results-oriented. Mentorship is one such approach that could bridge the clinical knowledge gap among health workers. OBJECTIVES: This paper describes the experiences of an attempt to improve health-worker performance in maternal and newborn health in three rural districts through a mentoring process using the cascade model. The paper further highlights achievements and lessons learnt during implementation of the cascade model...
August 2017: Global Health Action
keyword
keyword
1264
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"