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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903903/novel-roles-of-hp1a-and-mcm10-in-dna-replication-genome-maintenance-and-photoreceptor-cell-differentiation
#1
Nicole Vo, Dang Ngoc Anh Suong, Natsuki Yoshino, Hideki Yoshida, Sue Cotterill, Masamitsu Yamaguchi
Both Mcm10 and HP1a are known to be required for DNA replication. However, underlying mechanism is not clarified yet especially for HP1. Knockdown of both HP1a and Mcm10 genes inhibited the progression of S phase in Drosophila eye imaginal discs. Proximity Ligation Assay (PLA) demonstrated that HP1a is in close proximity to DNA replication proteins including Mcm10, RFC140 and DNA polymerase ϵ 255 kDa subunit in S-phase. This was further confirmed by co-immunoprecipitation assay. The PLA signals between Mcm10 and HP1a are specifically observed in the mitotic cycling cells, but not in the endocycling cells...
November 29, 2016: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895715/protein-kinase-msk1-physically-and-functionally-interacts-with-the-kmt2a-mll1-methyltransferase-complex-and-contributes-to-the-regulation-of-multiple-target-genes
#2
Maaike Wiersma, Marianne Bussiere, John A Halsall, Nil Turan, Robert Slany, Bryan M Turner, Karl P Nightingale
BACKGROUND: The KMT2A/MLL1 lysine methyltransferase complex is an epigenetic regulator of selected developmental genes, in part through the SET domain-catalysed methylation of H3K4. It is essential for normal embryonic development and haematopoiesis and frequently mutated in cancer. The catalytic properties and targeting of KMT2A/MLL1 depend on the proteins with which it complexes and the post-translational protein modifications which some of these proteins put in place, though detailed mechanisms remain unclear...
2016: Epigenetics & Chromatin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865105/sensitive-and-rapid-detection-of-micrornas-using-hairpin-probes-mediated-exponential-isothermal-amplification
#3
Haiyun Liu, Tian Tian, Yuhan Zhang, Longhua Ding, Jinghua Yu, Mei Yan
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play significant roles in a diverse range of biological progress and have been regarded as biomarkers and therapeutic targets in cancer treatment. Here, we develop a rapid and sensitive miRNA assay on the basis of exponential isothermal amplification in combination with the hairpin probes, which was designed for sensitive detection of miRNA. The binding of target miRNA with a linear DNA template initiates exponential isothermal amplification reaction (EXPAR) and generates the universal triggers which are complementary to the 3' protruding end of hairpin probe1(HP1)...
November 11, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856763/normal-chromosome-conformation-depends-on-subtelomeric-facultative-heterochromatin-in-neurospora-crassa
#4
Andrew D Klocko, Tereza Ormsby, Jonathan M Galazka, Neena A Leggett, Miki Uesaka, Shinji Honda, Michael Freitag, Eric U Selker
High-throughput chromosome conformation capture (Hi-C) analyses revealed that the 3D structure of the Neurospora crassa genome is dominated by intra- and interchromosomal links between regions of heterochromatin, especially constitutive heterochromatin. Elimination of trimethylation of lysine 9 on histone H3 (H3K9me3) or its binding partner Heterochromatin Protein 1 (HP1)-both prominent features of constitutive heterochromatin-have little effect on the Hi-C pattern. It remained possible that di- or trimethylation of lysine 27 on histone H3 (H3K27me2/3), which becomes localized in regions of constitutive heterochromatin when H3K9me3 or HP1 are lost, plays a critical role in the 3D structure of the genome...
November 16, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782152/hulc-cooperates-with-malat1-to-aggravate-liver-cancer-stem-cells-growth-through-telomere-repeat-binding-factor-2
#5
Mengying Wu, Zhuojia Lin, Xiaonan Li, Xiaoru Xin, Jiahui An, Qidi Zheng, Yuxin Yang, Dongdong Lu
The dysregulation of lncRNAs has increasingly been linked to many human diseases, especially in cancers. Our results demonstrate HULC, MALAT1 and TRF2 are highly expressed in human hepatocellular carcinoma tissues, and HULC plus MALAT1 overexpression drastically promotes the growth of liver cancer stem cells. Mechanistically, both HULC and MALAT1 overexpression enhanced RNA polII, P300, CREPT to load on the promoter region of telomere repeat-binding factor 2(TRF2), triggering the overexpression, phosphorylation and SUMOylation of TRF2...
October 26, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777990/conformational-features-of-the-a%C3%AE-42-peptide-monomer-and-its-interaction-with-the-surrounding-solvent
#6
Prabir Khatua, Jaya C Jose, Neelanjana Sengupta, Sanjoy Bandyopadhyay
Accumulation of the amyloid beta (Aβ) peptide in the brain is responsible for debilitating neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease (AD). We have carried out atomistic molecular dynamics simulations of the full-length Aβ42 peptide monomer with a wide range of conformations at room temperature. Efforts have been made to probe the conformational features of different segments of the peptide, namely the two terminal segments (N-term and C-term), the central hydrophobic regions (hp1 and hp2) and the central turn region joining hp1 and hp2, and their nonuniform influence on the spatial arrangements and binding energies of the surrounding water molecules...
October 25, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733730/pericentric-h3k9me3-formation-by-hp1-interaction-defective-histone-methyltransferase-suv39h1
#7
Daisuke Muramatsu, Hiroshi Kimura, Kaoru Kotoshiba, Makoto Tachibana, Yoichi Shinkai
Pericentric regions form epigenetically organized, silent heterochromatin structures that accumulate histone H3 lysine 9 tri-methylation (H3K9me3) and heterochromatin protein 1 (HP1), a methylated H3K9-binding protein. At pericentric regions, Suv39h is the major enzyme that generates H3K9me3. Suv39h also interacts directly with HP1. However, the importance of HP1 interaction for Suv39h-mediated H3K9me3 formation at the pericentromere is not well characterized. To address this question, we introduced HP1 binding-defective, N-terminally truncated mouse Suv39h1 (ΔN) into Suv39h-deficient cells...
October 12, 2016: Cell Structure and Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729944/expression-and-chromatin-structures-of-cellulolytic-enzyme-gene-regulated-by-heterochromatin-protein-1
#8
Xiujun Zhang, Yinbo Qu, Yuqi Qin
BACKGROUND: Heterochromatin protein 1 (HP1, homologue HepA in Penicillium oxalicum) binding is associated with a highly compact chromatin state accompanied by gene silencing or repression. HP1 loss leads to the derepression of gene expression. We investigated HepA roles in regulating cellulolytic enzyme gene expression, as an increasingly number of studies have suggested that cellulolytic enzyme gene expression is not only regulated by transcription factors, but is also affected by the chromatin status...
2016: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27715020/marine-phages-as-tracers-effects-of-size-morphology-and-physico-chemical-surface-properties-on-transport-in-a-porous-medium
#9
Nawras Ghanem, Bärbel Kiesel, Rene Kallies, Hauke Harms, Antonis Chatzinotas, Lukas Y Wick
Although several studies examined the transport of viruses in the terrestrial systems only few studies exist on marine phages (i.e. non-terrestrial viruses infecting marine host bacteria) as sensitively detectable microbial tracers for subsurface colloid transport and water flow. Here, we systematically quantified and compared for the first time the effects of size, morphology and physico-chemical surface properties of six marine phages and two coliphages (MS2, T4) during transport in sand-filled percolated columns...
October 7, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681634/dual-chromatin-recognition-by-the-histone-deacetylase-complex-hchc-is-required-for-proper-dna-methylation-in-neurospora-crassa
#10
Shinji Honda, Vincent T Bicocca, Jordan D Gessaman, Michael R Rountree, Ayumi Yokoyama, Eun Y Yu, Jeanne M L Selker, Eric U Selker
DNA methylation, heterochromatin protein 1 (HP1), histone H3 lysine 9 (H3K9) methylation, histone deacetylation, and highly repeated sequences are prototypical heterochromatic features, but their interrelationships are not fully understood. Prior work showed that H3K9 methylation directs DNA methylation and histone deacetylation via HP1 in Neurospora crassa and that the histone deacetylase complex HCHC is required for proper DNA methylation. The complex consists of the chromodomain proteins HP1 and chromodomain protein 2 (CDP-2), the histone deacetylase HDA-1, and the AT-hook motif protein CDP-2/HDA-1-associated protein (CHAP)...
October 11, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27619474/characterization-of-phloroglucinol-enriched-fractions-of-brazilian-hypericum-species-and-evaluation-of-their-effect-on-human-keratinocytes-proliferation
#11
Henrique Bridi, Aline Beckenkamp, Gari Vidal Ccana-Ccapatinta, Sérgio Augusto de Loreto Bordignon, Andréia Buffon, Gilsane Lino von Poser
In this study, a phytochemical and biological investigation on five South Brazilian Hypericum species (Hypericum caprifoliatum, Hypericum carinatum, Hypericum connatum, Hypericum myrianthum, and Hypericum polyanthemum) was carried out. The phloroglucinol-enriched fractions (PEF) of the flowering aerial parts were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography for the content of uliginosin A (1), japonicin A (2), uliginosin B (3), hyperbrasilol B (4), and the three benzopyrans, that is, 6-isobutyryl-5,7-dimethoxy-2,2-dimethyl-benzopyran (HP1) (5), 7-hydroxy-6-isobutyryl-5-methoxy-2,2-dimethyl-benzopyran (HP2) (6), and 5-hydroxy-6-isobutyryl-7-methoxy-2,2-dimethyl-benzopyran (HP3) (7)...
September 13, 2016: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614332/genome-wide-identification-evolution-of-chromobox-family-genes-and-their-expression-in-nile-tilapia
#12
Xing-Yong Liu, Xian-Bo Zhang, Ming-Hui Li, Shu-Qing Zheng, Zhi-Long Liu, Yun-Ying Cheng, De-Shou Wang
Chromobox (Cbx) family proteins are transcriptional repressors that involved in epigenetic and developmental processes. In this study, comprehensive analyses of Cbxs were performed using available genome databases from representative animal species. The Cbx family were originated from one Polycomb (Pc) gene like the yeast Pc, which duplicated into two and gave rise to the Pc and the Heterochromatin protein 1 (Hp1) identified in invertebrates from protozoon to lancelet. Rapid expansion of Cbx family members was observed in vertebrates as ~8 (5 Pc and 3 Hp1) were identified in spotted gar, coelacanth and tetrapods...
September 7, 2016: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27597848/histone-h3-lysine-9-methyltransferase-dim5-is-required-for-the-development-and-virulence-of-botrytis-cinerea
#13
Xiaoli Zhang, Xinqiang Liu, Yanli Zhao, Jiasen Cheng, Jiatao Xie, Yanping Fu, Daohong Jiang, Tao Chen
Histone methylation is widely present in animals, plants and fungi, and the methylation modification of histone H3 has important biological functions. Methylation of Lys9 of histone H3 (H3K9) has been proven to regulate chromatin structure, gene silencing, transcriptional activation, plant metabolism, and other processes. In this work, we investigated the functions of a H3K9 methyltransferase gene BcDIM5 in Botrytis cinerea, which contains a PreSET domain, a SET domain and a PostSET domain. Characterization of BcDIM5 knockout transformants showed that the hyphal growth rate and production of conidiophores and sclerotia were significantly reduced, while complementary transformation of BcDIM5 could restore the phenotypes to the levels of wild type...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579368/phosphorylation-dependent-targeting-of-tetrahymena-hp1-to-condensed-chromatin
#14
Katerina Yale, Alan J Tackett, Monica Neuman, Emily Bulley, Brian T Chait, Emily Wiley
The evolutionarily conserved proteins related to heterochromatin protein 1 (HP1), originally described in Drosophila, are well known for their roles in heterochromatin assembly and gene silencing. Targeting of HP1 proteins to specific chromatin locales is mediated, at least in part, by the HP1 chromodomain, which binds to histone H3 methylated at lysine 9 that marks condensed regions of the genome. Mechanisms that regulate HP1 targeting are emerging from studies with yeast and metazoans and point to roles for posttranslational modifications...
July 2016: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566777/direct-interrogation-of-the-role-of-h3k9-in-metazoan-heterochromatin-function
#15
Taylor J R Penke, Daniel J McKay, Brian D Strahl, A Gregory Matera, Robert J Duronio
A defining feature of heterochromatin is methylation of Lys9 of histone H3 (H3K9me), a binding site for heterochromatin protein 1 (HP1). Although H3K9 methyltransferases and HP1 are necessary for proper heterochromatin structure, the specific contribution of H3K9 to heterochromatin function and animal development is unknown. Using our recently developed platform to engineer histone genes in Drosophila, we generated H3K9R mutant flies, separating the functions of H3K9 and nonhistone substrates of H3K9 methyltransferases...
August 15, 2016: Genes & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513559/comparative-genomic-analyses-provide-new-insights-into-the-evolutionary-dynamics-of-heterochromatin-in-drosophila
#16
Ruggiero Caizzi, Roberta Moschetti, Lucia Piacentini, Laura Fanti, Renè Massimiliano Marsano, Patrizio Dimitri
The term heterochromatin has been long considered synonymous with gene silencing, but it is now clear that the presence of transcribed genes embedded in pericentromeric heterochromatin is a conserved feature in the evolution of eukaryotic genomes. Several studies have addressed the epigenetic changes that enable the expression of genes in pericentric heterochromatin, yet little is known about the evolutionary processes through which this has occurred. By combining genome annotation analysis and high-resolution cytology, we have identified and mapped 53 orthologs of D...
August 2016: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27471153/enzyme-assisted-cycling-amplification-and-dna-templated-in-situ-deposition-of-silver-nanoparticles-for-the-sensitive-electrochemical-detection-of-hg-2
#17
Hua Xie, Qin Wang, Yaqin Chai, Yali Yuan, Ruo Yuan
In this work, a label-free electrochemical biosensor was developed for sensitive and selective detection of mercury (II) ions (Hg(2+)) based on in-situ deposition of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) on terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT) extended ssDNA for signal output and nicking endonuclease for cycling amplification. In the presence of target Hg(2+), the T-rich DNA (HP1) could partly fold into duplex-like structure (termed as output DNA) via T-Hg(2+)-T base pairs and thus exposed its sticky end. The sticky end of output DNA could then hybridize with 3'-PO4 terminated capture DNA (HP2) on electrode surface to form output DNA-HP2 hybridization complex with the sequence 5'-CCTCAGC-3'/3'-GGAGTCG-5' (the sequence could be recognized by nicking endonuclease Nt...
December 15, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27466409/phosphorylation-of-an-hp1-like-protein-is-a-prerequisite-for-heterochromatin-body-formation-in-tetrahymena-dna-elimination
#18
Kensuke Kataoka, Tomoko Noto, Kazufumi Mochizuki
Multiple heterochromatic loci are often clustered into a higher order nuclear architecture called a heterochromatin body in diverse eukaryotes. Although phosphorylation of Heterochromatin Protein 1 (HP1) family proteins regulates heterochromatin dynamics, its role in heterochromatin bodies remains unknown. We previously reported that dephosphorylation of the HP1-like protein Pdd1p is required for the formation of heterochromatin bodies during the process of programmed DNA elimination in the ciliated protozoan Tetrahymena Here, we show that the heterochromatin body component Jub4p is required for Pdd1p phosphorylation, heterochromatin body formation, and DNA elimination...
August 9, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27458122/regulation-of-neurospora-catalase-3-by-global-heterochromatin-formation-and-its-proximal-heterochromatin-region
#19
Yajun Wang, Qing Dong, Zhaolan Ding, Kexin Gai, Xiaoyun Han, Farah Naz Kaleri, Qun He, Ying Wang
Catalase-3 (CAT-3) constitutes the main catalase activity in growing hyphae of Neurospora crassa, and its activity increases during exponential growth or is induced under different stress conditions. Although extensive progress has been made to identify catalase regulators, the regulation mechanism of CAT-3 at the chromatin level still remains unclear. Here, we aim at investigating the molecular regulation mechanisms of cat-3 at the chromatin level. We found that CAT-3 protein levels increased in mutants defective in proper global heterochromatin formation...
July 22, 2016: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27434673/nali-h1-a-universal-synthetic-library-of-humanized-nanobodies-providing-highly-functional-antibodies-and-intrabodies
#20
Sandrine Moutel, Nicolas Bery, Virginie Bernard, Laura Keller, Emilie Lemesre, Ario de Marco, Laetitia Ligat, Jean-Christophe Rain, Gilles Favre, Aurélien Olichon, Franck Perez
In vitro selection of antibodies allows to obtain highly functional binders, rapidly and at lower cost. Here, we describe the first fully synthetic phage display library of humanized llama single domain antibody (NaLi-H1: Nanobody Library Humanized 1). Based on a humanized synthetic single domain antibody (hs2dAb) scaffold optimized for intracellular stability, the highly diverse library provides high affinity binders without animal immunization. NaLi-H1 was screened following several selection schemes against various targets (Fluorescent proteins, actin, tubulin, p53, HP1)...
2016: ELife
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