keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

HP1

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665845/deletion-of-hp1%C3%AE-in-cardiac-myocytes-affects-h4k20me3-levels-but-does-not-impact-cardiac-growth
#1
Kyohei Oyama, Danny El-Nachef, Chen Fang, Hidemi Kajimoto, Jeremy P Brown, Prim B Singh, W Robb MacLellan
BACKGROUND: Heterochromatin, which is formed when tri-methyl lysine 9 of histone H3 (H3K9me3) is bound by heterochromatin 1 proteins (HP1s), plays an important role in differentiation and senescence by silencing cell cycle genes. Cardiac myocytes (CMs) accumulate heterochromatin during differentiation and demethylation of H3K9me3 inhibits cell cycle gene silencing and cell cycle exit in CMs; however, it is unclear if this process is mediated by HP1s. In this study, we created a conditional CM-specific HP1 gamma (HP1γ) knockout (KO) mouse model and tested whether HP1γ is required for cell cycle gene silencing and cardiac growth...
April 17, 2018: Epigenetics & Chromatin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655744/immunomodulatory-acidic-polysaccharides-from-zizyphus-jujuba-cv-huizao-insights-into-their-chemical-characteristics-and-modes-of-action
#2
Man Zou, Yilun Chen, Dongxiao Sun-Waterhouse, Yuhuan Zhang, Feng Li
Chinese jujube is commonly used in folklore medicine. This study aimed to examine the in vivo immunomodulatory activity of two acidic polysaccharides, HP1 and HP2, extracted and purified from Zizyphus jujuba cv. Huizao (which remains extensively unexplored). HP1 and HP2 had the same monosaccharide species and manganese contents, but differed in their molar rhamnose, arabinose, mannose, glucose, galactose and uronic acid contents (7.32 and 35.9%, as galacturonic acid), Mw (68.7 and 111 kDa, respectively), and contents of K, Cr, Cu, Zn, Pb and Ca...
August 30, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627645/silver-nanoclusters-assisted-ion-exchange-reaction-with-cdte-quantum-dots-for-photoelectrochemical-detection-of-adenosine-by-target-triggering-multiple-cycle-amplification-strategy
#3
Yang Zhao, Lu Tan, Xiaoshan Gao, Guifen Jie, Tingyu Huang
Herein, we successfully devised a novel photoelectrochemical (PEC) platform for ultrasensitive detection of adenosine by target-triggering cascade multiple cycle amplification based on the silver nanoparticles-assisted ion-exchange reaction with CdTe quantum dots (QDs). In the presence of target adenosine, DNA s1 is released from the aptamer and then hybridizes with hairpin DNA (HP1), which could initiate the cycling cleavage process under the reaction of nicking endonuclease. Then the product (DNA b) of cycle I could act as the "DNA trigger" of cycle II to further generate a large number of DNA s1, which again go back to cycle I, thus a cascade multiple DNA cycle amplification was carried out to produce abundant DNA c...
March 30, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625135/effect-of-heterochromatin-stability-on-intestinal-stem-cell-aging-in-drosophila
#4
Ho-Jun Jeon, Young-Shin Kim, Joong-Gook Kim, Kyu Heo, Jung-Hoon Pyo, Masamitsu Yamaguchi, Joung-Sun Park, Mi-Ae Yoo
Chromatin change is one of the crucial causes of aging. Specifically, maintenance of heterochromatin stability is critical for cellular integrity, and its loss induces genomic instability and cellular aging. However, the causes and effects of heterochromatin instability in multicellular tissue aging still remain unclear. Here, in the adult Drosophila midgut, we report age-related loss of heterochromatin stability in enterocytes (ECs) due to the loss and dispersion of tri-methylated histone H3 Lys9 (H3K9me3) and heterochromatin protein 1 (HP1)...
April 3, 2018: Mechanisms of Ageing and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605886/reductive-nitrosylation-of-ferric-human-hemoglobin-bound-to-human-haptoglobin-1-1-and-2-2
#5
Paolo Ascenzi, Giovanna De Simone, Fabio Polticelli, Magda Gioia, Massimo Coletta
Haptoglobin (Hp) sequesters hemoglobin (Hb) preventing the Hb-based damage occurring upon its physiological release into plasma. Here, reductive nitrosylation of ferric human hemoglobin [Hb(III)] bound to human haptoglobin (Hp) 1-1 and 2-2 [Hp1-1:Hb(III) and Hp2-2:Hb(III), respectively] has been investigated between pH 7.5 and 9.5, at T=20.0 °C. Over the whole pH range explored, only one process is detected reflecting NO binding to Hp1-1:Hb(III) and Hp2-2:Hb(III). Values of the pseudo-first-order rate constant for Hp1-1:Hb(III) and Hp2-2:Hb(III) nitrosylation (k) do not depend linearly on the ligand concentration but tend to level off...
March 31, 2018: Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry: JBIC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602239/inflammatory-factor-receptor-toll-like-receptor-4-controls-telomeres-through-heterochromatin-protein-1-isoforms-in-liver-cancer-stem-cell
#6
Qidi Zheng, Jie Xu, Zhuojia Lin, Yanan Lu, Xiaoru Xin, Xiaonan Li, Yuxin Yang, Qiuyu Meng, Chen Wang, Wujun Xiong, Dongdong Lu
Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) which acts as a receptor for lipopolysaccharide (LPS) has been reported to be involved in carcinogenesis. However, the regulatory mechanism of it has not been elucidated. Herein, we demonstrate that TLR4 promotes the malignant growth of liver cancer stem cells. Mechanistically, TLR4 promotes the expression of histone-lysine N-methyltransferase (SUV39 h2) and increases the formation of trimethyl histone H3 lysine 9-heterochromatin protein 1-telomere repeat binding factor 2 (H3K9me3-HP1-TRF2) complex at the telomeric locus under mediation by long non coding RNA urothelial cancer-associated 1 (CUDR)...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594643/ultrasensitive-amperometric-aptasensor-for-the-epithelial-cell-adhesion-molecule-by-using-target-driven-toehold-mediated-dna-recycling-amplification
#7
Qinhua Chen, Wanbao Hu, Bing Shang, Jian Wei, Long Chen, Xiaojun Guo, Fengying Ran, Wei Chen, Xueru Ding, Ying Xu, Yinhua Wu
An amperometric aptasensor is reported for the electrochemical determination of the epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM). It is based on a combination of EpCAM-driven toehold-mediated DNA recycling amplification, the specific recognition of EpCAM aptamer, and its binding to EpCAM. Hairpin probe 1 (Hp1) with a toehold region was modified with a 5'-thiol group (5'-SH) and self-assembled onto the surface of a gold electrode. Upon addition of EpCAM, the probe A (a 15-mer) is liberated from the aptamer/probe A complex and then hybridizes with the toehold domain of Hp1...
March 1, 2018: Mikrochimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590075/gdv1-induces-sexual-commitment-of-malaria-parasites-by-antagonizing-hp1-dependent-gene-silencing
#8
Michael Filarsky, Sabine A Fraschka, Igor Niederwieser, Nicolas M B Brancucci, Eilidh Carrington, Elvira Carrió, Suzette Moes, Paul Jenoe, Richárd Bártfai, Till S Voss
Malaria is caused by Plasmodium parasites that proliferate in the bloodstream. During each replication cycle, some parasites differentiate into gametocytes, the only forms able to infect the mosquito vector and transmit malaria. Sexual commitment is triggered by activation of AP2-G, the master transcriptional regulator of gametocytogenesis. Heterochromatin protein 1 (HP1)-dependent silencing of ap2-g prevents sexual conversion in proliferating parasites. In this study, we identified Plasmodium falciparum gametocyte development 1 (GDV1) as an upstream activator of sexual commitment...
March 16, 2018: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544494/phenotype-specific-recombinant-haptoglobin-polymers-co-expressed-with-c1r-like-protein-as-optimized-hemoglobin-binding-therapeutics
#9
Christian A Schaer, Catherine Owczarek, Jeremy W Deuel, Stefan Schauer, Jin Hyen Baek, Ayla Yalamanoglu, Matthew P Hardy, Pierre D Scotney, Peter M Schmidt, Matthias Pelzing, Peter Soupourmas, Paul W Buehler, Dominik J Schaer
BACKGROUND: Preclinical studies have evaluated haptoglobin (Hp) polymers from pooled human plasma as a therapeutic protein to attenuate toxic effects of cell-free hemoglobin (Hb). Proof of concept studies have demonstrated efficacy of Hp in hemolysis associated with transfusion and sickle cell anemia. However, phenotype-specific Hp products might be desirable to exploit phenotype specific activities of Hp 1-1 versus Hp 2-2, offering opportunities for recombinant therapeutics. Prohaptoglobin (proHp) is the primary translation product of the Hp mRNA...
March 15, 2018: BMC Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534800/amplification-strategy-for-sensitive-detection-of-methyltransferase-activity-based-on-surface-plasma-resonance-techniques
#10
Zhi-Mei Li, Xiao Zhang, Ru-Ping Liang, Xiang-Juan Zheng, Jian-Ding Qiu
In this work, a newly developed surface plasma resonance (SPR) system for the sensitive detection of M.SssI activity has been designed based on double signal amplification with DNA chain cyclic reactions and AuNPs. In the absence of M.SssI, hairpin DNA 1 (HP1) can be cleaved into s1 fragments catalyzed by HpaII. The s1 fragments can then trigger a recycling process of hairpin DNA 2 (HP2) hybridization and subsequently release massive s2 and s3 in the solution of Nt.AlwI and HPII. AuNPs-DNA can be captured on gold film by the released s2 and s3 to produce a strong SPR signal...
August 3, 2018: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516488/melanocyte-abnormalities-and-senescence-in-the-pathogenesis-of-idiopathic-guttate-hypomelanosis
#11
Seema Rani, Ravinder Kumar, Prasad Kumarasinghe, Supriya Bhardwaj, Niharika Srivastava, Aaisha Madaan, Davinder Parsad
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic guttate hypomelanosis (IGH) is a pigmentary disorder of unknown pathogenesis characterized by small discrete white macules. In the skin, epidermal melanin unit between melanocytes and keratinocytes is responsible for melanin synthesis and equal distribution of melanin pigment. OBJECTIVE: Therefore, this study was designed to check the role of melanocytes in the pathogenesis of IGH. METHODS: For this study, six IGH patients and six controls were enrolled...
March 8, 2018: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516136/fluorescent-aptasensor-for-detection-of-four-tetracycline-veterinary-drugs-in-milk-based-on-catalytic-hairpin-assembly-reaction-and-displacement-of-g-quadruplex
#12
Chen Zhou, Haimin Zou, Chengjun Sun, Dongxia Ren, Wei Xiong, Yongxin Li
Based on a novel signal amplification strategy by catalytic hairpin assembly and displacement of G-quadruplex DNA, an enzyme-free, non-label fluorescent aptasensing approach was established for sensitive detection of four tetracycline veterinary drugs in milk. The network consisted of a pair of partially complementary DNA hairpins (HP1 and HP2). The DNA aptamer of four tetracycline veterinary drugs was located at the sticky end of the HP1. The ring region of HP1 rich in G and C could form a stable G-quadruplex structure, which could emit specific fluorescence signal after binding with the fluorescent dye and N-methylmesoporphyrin IX (NMM)...
March 8, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503181/comparative-heterochromatin-profiling-reveals-conserved-and-unique-epigenome-signatures-linked-to-adaptation-and-development-of-malaria-parasites
#13
Sabine A Fraschka, Michael Filarsky, Regina Hoo, Igor Niederwieser, Xue Yan Yam, Nicolas M B Brancucci, Franziska Mohring, Annals T Mushunje, Ximei Huang, Peter R Christensen, Francois Nosten, Zbynek Bozdech, Bruce Russell, Robert W Moon, Matthias Marti, Peter R Preiser, Richárd Bártfai, Till S Voss
Heterochromatin-dependent gene silencing is central to the adaptation and survival of Plasmodium falciparum malaria parasites, allowing clonally variant gene expression during blood infection in humans. By assessing genome-wide heterochromatin protein 1 (HP1) occupancy, we present a comprehensive analysis of heterochromatin landscapes across different Plasmodium species, strains, and life cycle stages. Common targets of epigenetic silencing include fast-evolving multi-gene families encoding surface antigens and a small set of conserved HP1-associated genes with regulatory potential...
March 14, 2018: Cell Host & Microbe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491004/hp1-links-centromeric-heterochromatin-to-centromere-cohesion-in-mammals
#14
Qi Yi, Qinfu Chen, Cai Liang, Haiyan Yan, Zhenlei Zhang, Xingfeng Xiang, Miao Zhang, Feifei Qi, Linli Zhou, Fangwei Wang
Heterochromatin protein-1 (HP1) is a key component of heterochromatin. Reminiscent of the cohesin complex which mediates sister-chromatid cohesion, most HP1 proteins in mammalian cells are displaced from chromosome arms during mitotic entry, whereas a pool remains at the heterochromatic centromere region. The function of HP1 at mitotic centromeres remains largely elusive. Here, we show that double knockout (DKO) of HP1α and HP1γ causes defective mitosis progression and weakened centromeric cohesion. While mutating the chromoshadow domain (CSD) prevents HP1α from protecting sister-chromatid cohesion, centromeric targeting of HP1α CSD alone is sufficient to rescue the cohesion defects in HP1 DKO cells...
February 28, 2018: EMBO Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467217/hp1%C3%AE-targets-the-chromosomal-passenger-complex-for-activation-at-heterochromatin-before-mitotic-entry
#15
Jan G Ruppert, Kumiko Samejima, Melpomeni Platani, Oscar Molina, Hiroshi Kimura, A Arockia Jeyaprakash, Shinya Ohta, William C Earnshaw
The chromosomal passenger complex (CPC) is directed to centromeres during mitosis via binding to H3T3ph and Sgo1. Whether and how heterochromatin protein 1α (HP1α) influences CPC localisation and function during mitotic entry is less clear. Here, we alter HP1α dynamics by fusing it to a CENP-B DNA-binding domain. Tethered HP1 strongly recruits the CPC, destabilising kinetochore-microtubule interactions and activating the spindle assembly checkpoint. During mitotic exit, the tethered HP1 traps active CPC at centromeres...
February 21, 2018: EMBO Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426523/an-ultrasensitive-and-switch-on-platform-for-aflatoxin-b1-detection-in-peanut-based-on-the-fluorescence-quenching-of-graphene-oxide-gold-nanocomposites
#16
Zongbing Li, Ning Xue, Haiyan Ma, Zhiyuan Cheng, Xiangmin Miao
Graphene oxide-gold nanocomposites (GO/AuNCs) were prepared and used as a novel fluorescence quenching platform for ultrasensitive detection of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) coupled with hybridization chain reaction (HCR) amplification. In the designed system, two fluorophore labeled hairpin probes (HP1/HP2) were introduced, and the fluorescence signals of them were effectively quenched due to the adsorption on GO/AuNCs. Associate probe (AP) was used for the specific recognition of AFB1, and the stem-loop structure of it was opened...
May 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405967/identification-of-haptoglobin-switch-on-status-in-archived-placental-specimens-indicates-antenatal-exposure-to-inflammation-and-potential-participation-of-the-fetus-in-triggering-preterm-birth
#17
Megan E McCarthy, Catalin S Buhimschi, John T Hardy, Antonette T Dulay, Christine A Laky, Mert-Ozan Bahtyiar, Ramesha Papanna, Guomao Zhao, Irina A Buhimschi
OBJECTIVE: Haptoglobin (Hp) has key immunoregulatory roles that vary with phenotype (Hp1-1, Hp2-1, Hp2-2). Cord blood Hp expression is switched-off in the normal fetus. We hypothesized that in the setting of fetal inflammation placenta becomes inundated with Hp of fetal origin that in turn modulates the output of PGE2 and MMP-9 in a phenotype dependent manner. METHODS: Placentas from 40 pregnancies complicated by preterm birth (PTB) (<37 weeks), without (n = 15) or with (n = 25) intra-amniotic infection and histological chorioamnionitis (HCA) were scored for intensity of Hp immunostaining...
February 2018: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358235/transcriptional-and-chromatin-changes-accompanying-de-novo-formation-of-transgenic-pirna-clusters
#18
Natalia Akulenko, Sergei Ryazansky, Valeriya Morgunova, Pavel A Komarov, Ivan Olovnikov, Chantal Vaury, Silke Jensen, Alla Kalmykova
Expression of transposable elements in the germline is controlled by Piwi-interacting (pi) RNAs produced by genomic loci termed piRNA clusters and associated with Rhino, a Heterochromatin Protein 1 (HP1) homolog. Previously, we have shown that transgenes containing a fragment of the I retrotransposon form de novo piRNA clusters in the Drosophila germline providing suppression of I-element activity. We noted that identical transgenes located in different genomic sites vary considerably in piRNA production and classified them as "strong" and "weak" piRNA clusters...
January 22, 2018: RNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358085/compartmentalization-of-hp1-proteins-in-pluripotency-acquisition-and-maintenance
#19
Nur Zafirah Zaidan, Kolin J Walker, Jaime E Brown, Leah V Schaffer, Mark Scalf, Michael R Shortreed, Gopal Iyer, Lloyd M Smith, Rupa Sridharan
The heterochromatin protein 1 (HP1) family is involved in various functions with maintenance of chromatin structure. During murine somatic cell reprogramming, we find that early depletion of HP1γ reduces the generation of induced pluripotent stem cells, while late depletion enhances the process, with a concomitant change from a centromeric to nucleoplasmic localization and elongation-associated histone H3.3 enrichment. Depletion of heterochromatin anchoring protein SENP7 increased reprogramming efficiency to a similar extent as HP1γ, indicating the importance of HP1γ release from chromatin for pluripotency acquisition...
February 13, 2018: Stem Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356232/a-modular-nanoswitch-for-mix-and-detect-protein-assay-based-on-binding-induced-cascade-dissociation-of-kissing-complex
#20
Yishen Tian, Shanshan Zhang, Li Wang, Shufeng Liu
A new modular nanoswitch was described for versatile, rapid (within 1 h), homogeneous, and sensitive protein detection. The system employs two hairpins (HP1 and HP2) that can be reciprocally recognized through the apical loop-loop interaction. HP2 possesses a conformation-switching stem-loop structure, with appended single-stranded tails on each end, which can hybridize with the recognition-element-conjugated DNA strands to construct a protein-responsive HP2 scaffold. It works according to a simple mix-and-detect assay format, with the first formation of a kissing complex between HP1 and HP2 scaffolds for fluorescence quenching, and then cascade propagation from steric strain through protein binding to the dissociation of the kissing complex for fluorescence recovery...
April 4, 2018: Chembiochem: a European Journal of Chemical Biology
keyword
keyword
12633
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"