keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Nosocomial infection

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822736/-rhinovirus-underestimated-pathogens-in-patients-during-the-neonatal-period
#1
S Zacharie, A Vabret, B Guillois, C Dupont, J Brouard
INTRODUCTION: In recent years, developments in virological tools have led to the easy detection of rhinoviruses and enteroviruses (E/RV). Their detection is very frequent in cases of airway involvement in children and their demonstrated causality. But the morbidity of E/RV in the neonatal period is unknown due to lack of epidemiological data. The objective of this study was to evaluate the incidence and clinical characteristics of these infections in hospitalized neonates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the virology specimens of all neonates hospitalized at the Caen University Hospital between 2006 and 2011...
August 16, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822434/-risk-factors-of-bacterial-nosocomial-infection-after-pediatric-liver-transplantation
#2
H Zhu, W Gao
Objective: To analyze the risk factors of nosocomial infection after liver transplantation in children, so as to provide scientific evidence for the prevention and control of nosocomial infection. Method: Clinical data of 223 pediatric patients undergoing liver transplantation between January 2014 and December 2015 were analyzed retrospectively. Univariate and multivariate analyses were carried out to investigate the risk factors of infection after transplantation. Result: Totally 51 children were infected among the 223 patients, the infection rate was 22...
August 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820386/cost-of-nosocomial-outbreak-caused-by-ndm-1-containing-klebsiella-pneumoniae-in-the-netherlands-october-2015-january-2016
#3
Madelief Mollers, Suzanne P Lutgens, Annelot F Schoffelen, Peter M Schneeberger, Anita W M Suijkerbuijk
During October-December 2015, 29 patients in a hospital in the Netherlands acquired nosocomial infection with a multidrug-resistant, New Delhi-metallo-β-lactamase-positive Klebsiella pneumoniae strain. Extensive infection control measures were needed to stop this outbreak. The estimated economic impact of the outbreak was $804,263; highest costs were associated with hospital bed closures.
September 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816638/high-prevalence-of-multidrug-resistant-community-acquired-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-at-the-largest-veterinary-teaching-hospital-in-costa-rica
#4
Irene Rojas, Elías Barquero-Calvo, Joany C van Balen, Norman Rojas, Lohendy Muñoz-Vargas, Armando E Hoet
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a pathogen associated with severe infections in companion animals present in the community, and it is diagnosed in animals admitted to veterinary hospitals. However, reports that describe the circulation of MRSA in animal populations and veterinary settings in Latin America are scarce. Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and investigate the molecular epidemiology of MRSA in the environment of the largest veterinary teaching hospital in Costa Rica...
August 17, 2017: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813520/the-frequency-of-class1-and-2-integrons-in-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-strains-isolated-from-burn-patients-in-a-burn-center-of-ahvaz-iran
#5
Azar Dokht Khosravi, Moloudsadat Motahar, Effat Abbasi Montazeri
BACKGROUND: Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic pathogen with the ability to cause severe nosocomial infections and remains a major problem in burn patients. This organism shows a remarkable antimicrobial resistance and is often resistant to multiple antibiotics. Integron genes as mobile genetic elements are playing an important role in the spread of P. aeruginosa antibiotic resistance. This study was aimed to investigate the occurrence of class 1, and 2 integron genes (int1, int2), among P...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812224/risk-factors-for-totally-implantable-venous-access-device-associated-complications-in-cystic-fibrosis
#6
C McCarthy, O O'Carroll, M E O'Brien, T McEnery, A Franciosi, C Gunaratnam, N G McElvaney
BACKGROUND: Candidaemia is an important nosocomial infection, seen frequently in immunocompromised and critically ill patients and increasingly recognised in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients with totally implantable venous access devices (TIVADs). This study aims to investigate the incidence and risk factors for the development of TIVAD-associated candidaemia and to assess the rate of TIVAD-related complications in CF patients. METHODS: A 10-year retrospective study was carried out on adult CF patients attending a single centre...
August 15, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810888/hospitalisation-in-an-emergency-department-short-stay-unit-compared-to-an-internal-medicine-department-is-associated-with-fewer-complications-in-older-patients-an-observational-study
#7
Camilla Strøm, Talie Khadem Mollerup, Laurits Schou Kromberg, Lars Simon Rasmussen, Thomas Andersen Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Older patients are at particular risk of experiencing adverse events during hospitalisation. OBJECTIVE: To compare the frequencies and types of adverse events during hospitalisation in older persons acutely admitted to either an Emergency Department Short-stay Unit (SSU) or an Internal Medicine Department (IMD). METHODS: Observational study evaluating adverse events during hospitalisation in non-emergent, age-matched, internal medicine patients ≥75 years, acutely admitted to either the SSU or the IMD at Holbaek Hospital, Denmark, from January to August, 2014...
August 15, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810610/microbial-investigations-in-throat-swab-and-tracheal-aspirate-specimens-are-beneficial-to-predict-the-corresponding-endotracheal-tube-biofilm-flora-among-intubated-neonates-with-ventilator-associated-pneumonia
#8
Yun Pan, Lizhong Du, Qing Ai, Sijie Song, Xiaoli Tang, Danping Zhu, Jialin Yu
Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a common nosocomial infection in neonatal intensive care units with high morbidity and mortality. Bacterial biofilm in the endotracheal tube (ET) provides a notable and persistent source of pathogens that may cause VAP, and thus is important for VAP detection. However, during intubation microbial investigations in ET, samples are unavailable due to the infeasibility of collecting ET samples during intubation of neonates. It is therefore of great importance to find alternative sources of samples that can help identify the ET biofilm flora...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809155/microbe-profile-candida-albicans-a-shape-changing-opportunistic-pathogenic-fungus-of-humans
#9
Neil A R Gow, Bhawna Yadav
(a) Morphotypes of Candida albicans (blue sector, vegetative forms; pink sector, forms related to mating or changes in ploidy). Cell types shown include: budding yeast cells; elongated conjoined yeasts forming pseudohyphae; parallel-sided hyphae; chlamydospores formed from suspensor cells; enlarged goliath cells formed under zinc deprivation (unpublished study, image from Duncan Wilson); intestinal gut form cells (image from Suzanne Noble); mating competence defined by white-grey-opaque cell transitions (images from Guanghua Huang); elongated chemotactic shmoo-mating projections leading to tetraploid zygote formation (images from David Soll and Karla Daniels); trimera formed by unequal chromosome segregation under antifungal exposure (image from Judith Berman)...
August 15, 2017: Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807812/evaluation-and-clinical-validation-of-two-field-deployable-reverse-transcription-insulated-isothermal-pcr-assays-for-the-detection-of-the-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus
#10
Yun Young Go, Yeon-Sook Kim, Shinhye Cheon, Sangwoo Nam, Keun Bon Ku, Meehyein Kim, Nam Hyuk Cho, Hyun Park, Pei-Yu Alison Lee, Yu-Chun Lin, Yun-Long Tsai, Hwa-Tang Thomas Wang, Udeni B R Balasuriya
Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) is an emerging zoonotic viral respiratory disease that was first identified in Saudi Arabia in 2012. In 2015, the largest MERS outbreak outside of the Middle East region occurred in the Republic of Korea. The rapid nosocomial transmission of MERS-coronavirus (MERS-CoV) in Korean healthcare settings highlighted the importance and urgent need for a rapid and reliable on-site diagnostic assay to implement effective control and preventive measures. Here, we describe the evaluation and validation of two newly developed reverse transcription-insulated isothermal PCR (RT-iiPCR) methods targeting the ORF1a and upE genes of MERS-CoV...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Molecular Diagnostics: JMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806281/ventilator-associated-pneumonia-in-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-due-to-chryseobacterium-indologenes
#11
Vicente S Antonello, Priscila Daht, Janaína Polli, Milton Gross, Maurício Colvero
Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) represents one of the most common nosocomial infections in neonatal intensive care units, increasing morbidity and mortality, and associated costs. The authors report the case of a neonatal patient with VAP secondary to Chryseobacterium indologenes and a review of the literature. . The most effective empiric treatment for C. indologenes infection remains unclear due to limited data in the literature, and therefore, therapy should be adjusted in accordance with the result of the susceptibility profile...
August 10, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806147/phase-variation-of-clostridium-difficile-virulence-factors
#12
Brandon R Anjuwon-Foster, Rita Tamayo
Clostridium difficile is a leading cause of nosocomial infections, causing disease that ranges from mild diarrhea to potentially fatal colitis. A variety of surface proteins, including flagella, enable C. difficile colonization of the intestine. Once in the intestine, toxigenic C. difficile secretes two glucosylating toxins, TcdA and TcdB, which elicit inflammation and diarrheal disease symptoms. Regulation of colonization factors and TcdA and TcdB is an intense area of research in C. difficile biology. A recent publication from our group describes a novel regulatory mechanism that mediates the ON/OFF expression of co-regulated virulence factors of C...
August 14, 2017: Gut Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803661/daily-bathing-strategies-and-cross-transmission-of-multidrug-resistant-organisms-impact-of-chlorhexidine-impregnated-wipes-in-a-multidrug-resistant-gram-negative-bacteria-endemic-intensive-care-unit
#13
Jesus Ruiz, Paula Ramirez, Esther Villarreal, Monica Gordon, Inmaculada Saez, Alfonso Rodríguez, María Jesús Castañeda, Álvaro Castellanos-Ortega
BACKGROUND: Health-care associated infections are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in critical care units. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG)-impregnated wipes in the daily bathing of patients in an intensive care unit (ICU) to prevent cross-transmission and colonization by multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs) METHODS: Prospective cohort study with an intervention of 11 months. The intervention consisted of using CHG-impregnated wipes for the daily bathing of patients on mechanical ventilation or colonized by MDROs...
August 10, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800598/an-in-silico-evaluation-of-treatment-regimens-for-recurrent-clostridium-difficile-infection
#14
Natalia Blanco, Betsy Foxman, Anurag N Malani, Min Zhang, Seth Walk, Alexander H Rickard, Marisa C Eisenberg
BACKGROUND: Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is a significant nosocomial infection worldwide, that recurs in as many as 35% of infections. Risk of CDI recurrence varies by ribotype, which also vary in sporulation and germination rates. Whether sporulation/germination mediate risk of recurrence and effectiveness of treatment of recurring CDI remains unclear. We aim to assess the role of sporulation/germination patterns on risk of recurrence, and the relative effectiveness of the recommended tapered/pulsing regimens using an in silico model...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799230/human-dendritic-cells-activated-with-mv130-induce-th1-th17-and-il-10-responses-via-ripk2-and-myd88-signalling-pathways
#15
Cristina Cirauqui, Cristina Benito-Villalvilla, Silvia Sánchez-Ramón, Sofía Sirvent, Carmen M Diez-Rivero, Laura Conejero, Paola Brandi, Lourdes Hernández-Cillero, Juliana Lucía Ochoa, Beatriz Pérez-Villamil, David Sancho, José Luis Subiza, Oscar Palomares
Recurrent respiratory tract infections (RRTIs) are the first leading cause of community- and nosocomial-acquired infections. Antibiotics remain the mainstay of treatment, enhancing the potential to develop antibiotic resistances. Therefore, the development of new alternative approaches to prevent and treat RRTIs is highly demanded. Daily sublingual administration of the whole heat-inactivated polybacterial preparation (PBP) MV130 significantly reduced the rate of respiratory infections in RRTIs patients, however, the immunological mechanisms of action remain unknown...
August 11, 2017: European Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797969/bioactive-mesoporous-silica-nanostructures-with-anti-microbial-and-anti-biofilm-properties
#16
Paul Cătălin Balaure, Bianca Boarca, Roxana Cristina Popescu, Diana Savu, Roxana Trusca, Bogdan Ștefan Vasile, Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu, Alina Maria Holban, Alexandra Bolocan, Ecaterina Andronescu
The increasing rate of antibiotic resistant bacteria associated with nosocomial infections in severely ill patients has urged the need for new antibacterial therapies. Nanostructured materials represent emerging innovative approaches to controlled delivery of different antimicrobial drugs. Delivery systems encapsulating natural compounds with antibacterial effects, such as essential oils have shown a great potential. Herein we report the development of SiO2 mesoporous nanosystems loaded with eucalyptus (EUC), orange (ORA), and cinnamon (CIN) essential oils...
August 7, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797068/virulence-profiles-and-innate-immune-responses-against-highly-lethal-multidrug-resistant-nosocomial-isolates-of-acinetobacter-baumannii-from-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-mexico
#17
Roberto Rosales-Reyes, Catalina Gayosso-Vázquez, José Luis Fernández-Vázquez, Ma Dolores Jarillo-Quijada, César Rivera-Benítez, José Ignacio Santos-Preciado, María Dolores Alcántar-Curiel
Virulence profiles and innate immune responses were studied in Acinetobacter baumannii from nosocomial infections collected over one year in a tertiary care hospital in Mexico. A. baumannii were identified by VITEK 2 System followed by susceptibility tests. Carbapenemase genes, active efflux mechanism to imipenem and meropenem and outer membrane proteins profile were analyzed to evaluate their role on the activity of carbapenem resistance. All isolates were genotyped by pulsed field gel electrophoresis. The ability to form biofilm was determined on a polystyrene surface...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796199/markers-of-t-cell-senescence-in-humans
#18
REVIEW
Weili Xu, Anis Larbi
Many countries are facing the aging of their population, and many more will face a similar obstacle in the near future, which could be a burden to many healthcare systems. Increased susceptibility to infections, cardiovascular and neurodegenerative disease, cancer as well as reduced efficacy of vaccination are important matters for researchers in the field of aging. As older adults show higher prevalence for a variety of diseases, this also implies higher risk of complications, including nosocomial infections, slower recovery and sequels that may reduce the autonomy and overall quality of life of older adults...
August 10, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793102/deaths-among-the-elderly-with-icu-infections
#19
Álvaro Francisco Lopes de Sousa, Artur Acelino Francisco Luz Nunes Queiroz, Layze Braz de Oliveira, Luana Kelle Batista Moura, Denise de Andrade, Evandro Watanabe, Maria Eliete Batista Moura
Objective: to evaluate the clinical outcome of elderly patients admitted to intensive care units who had nosocomial infection, correlating the findings with sociodemographic and clinical variables. Method: descriptive research, performed with 308 elderly patients. The collection was made from medical records and covers the years 2012 to 2015. Uni-/bivariate analyses were performed. Results: a statistical association was found between the clinical outcome types and the variables age, length of stay, presence of previous comorbidities, main diagnosis, respiratory and urinary tract infections, use of central venous and indwelling urinary catheters, mechanical ventilation, and tracheostomy...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793031/airborne-fungi-in-an-intensive-care-unit
#20
C L Gonçalves, F V Mota, G F Ferreira, J F Mendes, E C Pereira, C H Freitas, J N Vieira, J P Villarreal, P S Nascente
The presence of airborne fungi in Intensive Care Unit (ICUs) is associated with increased nosocomial infections. The aim of this study was the isolation and identification of airborne fungi presented in an ICU from the University Hospital of Pelotas - RS, with the attempt to know the place's environmental microbiota. 40 Petri plates with Sabouraud Dextrose Agar were exposed to an environment of an ICU, where samples were collected in strategic places during morning and afternoon periods for ten days. Seven fungi genera were identified: Penicillium spp...
July 27, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Biology, Revista Brasleira de Biologia
keyword
keyword
12615
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"