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Saber Ghasemi, Sina Siavash Moghaddam, Amir Rahimi, Christos A Damalas, Abolfazl Naji
Sediment quality of mangrove forests in Hormozgan Province of Iran with a focus on two distinct habitats - the Hara Protected Area and the area of the Azini Bay - was studied. The accumulation of heavy metals in the sediments of the Hara Protected Area in terms of concentration was in the order of Pb > Zn > Cu > Cd and in those of the Azini Bay in the order of Zn > Cu > Pb > Cd. Based on Pearson's correlation coefficient, no significant correlations were found between concentrations of heavy metals in the sediments of the Hara Protected Area, while Zn and Pb concentrations were positively correlated in the sediments of the Azini Bay, implying a common pollution source...
October 9, 2017: Chemosphere
Michele Ammendola, Cosmo Damiano Gadaleta, Adam Enver Frampton, Tullio Piardi, Riccardo Memeo, Valeria Zuccalà, Maria Luposella, Rosa Patruno, Nicola Zizzo, Pietro Gadaleta, Patrick Pessaux, Rosario Sacco, Giuseppe Sammarco, Girolamo Ranieri
Literature data suggest that inflammatory cells such as mast cells (MCs) are involved in angiogenesis. MCs can stimulate angiogenesis by releasing of well identified pro-angiogenic cytokines stored in their cytoplasm. In particular, MCs can release tryptase, a potent in vivo and in vitro pro-angiogenic factor. Nevertheless, few data are available concerning the role of MCs positive to tryptase in primary pancreatic cancer angiogenesis. This study analyzed the correlation between mast cells positive to c-Kit receptor (c-Kit(+) MCs), the density of MCs expressing tryptase (MCD-T) and microvascular density (MVD) in primary tumor tissue from patients affected by pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC)...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
Hajime Miyata
Epilepsy may be the consequence of a wide range of disorders affecting the brain, including tumors and non-neoplastic lesions. A broad spectrum of structural brain lesions can be observed in epileptogenic brain tissue specimens surgically resected from patients with drug-resistant focal epilepsies. These include hippocampal sclerosis (HS), low-grade epilepsy-associated neuroepithelial tumors (LEAT), malformations of cortical development (MCD), vascular malformations, dual pathology, glial scar, and encephalitis, as well as no lesion...
October 2017: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
A Sharma
Evolution of homochirality requires an initial enantiomeric excess (EE) between right and left-handed biomolecules. We show that magnetic circular dichroism (MCD) of sun's ultraviolet C light by oxygen in Archaean earth's anoxic atmosphere followed by chirally selective damage of biomolecules due to circular dichroism (CD) can generate EE of correct handedness. Our calculation of EE uses published data for CD of biomolecules and accepted magnitude for Archaean earth's magnetic field. Independent of atmospheric oxygen concentration calculated EE has the same sign for all pyrimidine nucleosides which is opposite to that for amino-acids...
October 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
Akihiro Yamauchi, Akiko Kamiyoshi, Teruhide Koyama, Nobuyoshi Iinuma, Shumpei Yamaguchi, Hiroyuki Miyazaki, Eiichi Hirano, Taiichi Kaku, Takayuki Shindo
Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a severe form of fatty liver disease that is defined by the presence of inflammation and fibrosis, ultimately leading to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Treatment with human placental extract (HPE) reportedly ameliorates the hepatic injury. We evaluated the effect of HPE treatment in a mouse model of NASH. In the methione- and choline-deficient (MCD) diet-induced liver injury model, fibrosis started from regions adjacent to the sinusoids. We administered the MCD diet with high-salt loading (8% NaCl in the drinking water) to mice deficient in the vasoprotective molecule RAMP2 for 5 weeks, with or without HPE...
September 2017: Heliyon
Hidekazu Ikeno, Teruyasu Mizoguchi
The electron energy loss near edge structures (ELNES) appearing in an electron energy loss spectrum obtained through transmission electron microscopy (TEM) have the potential to unravel atomic and electronic structures with sub-nano meter resolution. For this reason, TEM-ELNES has become one of the most powerful analytical methods in materials research. On the other hand, theoretical calculations are indispensable in interpreting the ELNES spectrum. Here, the basics and applications of one-particle, two-particle and multi-particle ELNES calculations are reviewed...
October 1, 2017: Microscopy
Hongke Zhang, Fei Xue, Jing Zhang, Wenyan Liu, Dinghui Dong, Haoyang Zhu, Rongqian Wu, Yi Lv
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic cholangiojejunostomy (LCJ) with hand-sewn technique is technically difficult and requires a long time to master. The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility of LCJ using a novel magnetic compression device (MCD) in dogs. METHODS: The concept of the purse-string technique of the circular stapler was used to design a novel MCD for LCJ. To test the feasibility of this MCD in a more clinically relevant situation, four dogs were subjected to bile duct ligation...
October 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
Tao Peng, Tingting Xie, Lei Liu, Junhui Zhen, Xiangdong Yang
Objective To analyze the relationship between the factors related to the occurrence of HBV-GN and serum HBsAg-positive glomerulonephritis. Methods A total of fifty-six patients were enrolled in the present study. All enrolled cases were divided into two groups according to whether HBsAg and/or HBcAg was present in renal kidney tissue: patients with Hepatitis B virus-associated nephritis (HBV-GN group, 30 cases) and patients with hepatitis B virus-combined nephritis (HBV-CG group, 26 cases). We sought to analyse the differences in clinical features and pathological characteristics in both groups...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
Maria Stangou, Μichael Spartalis, Dimitra-Vasilia Daikidou, Theodora Kouloukourgiotou, Erasmia Sampani, Ioanna-Theologia Lambropoulou, Afroditi Pantzaki, Αikaterini Papagianni, George Efstratiadis
BACKGROUND: Differential diagnosis between primary focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) and minimal change disease (MCD) is sometimes difficult as nephrotic syndrome is the main clinical symptom in both diseases. OBJECTIVES: This study has attempted to evaluate the urinary excretion of Th1 and Th2 cytokines as potential biomarkers in distinguishing the two types of nephrotic syndrome, and predicting outcome of renal function. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-six patients with FSGS (M/F 22/14, Age; 41...
July 2017: Journal of Nephropathology
Banrida Wahlang, Jazmyne Barney, Brendan Thompson, Chunyan Wang, Omer M Hamad, Jessie B Hoffman, Michael C Petriello, Andrew J Morris, Bernhard Hennig
The liver is vital for xenobiotic and endobiotic metabolism. Previously, we demonstrated that a compromised liver worsened toxicity associated with exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), through disruption of energy homeostasis. However, the role of a compromised liver in defining dioxin-like PCB126 toxicity on the peripheral vasculature and associated inflammatory diseases is yet to be studied. The current study investigated the effects of PCB126 on vascular inflammation linked to hepatic dysfunction utilizing a liver injury mouse model...
August 31, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
Sabrina Jegerlehner, Andri Rauch, Urban Novak
Background. Transient inflammatory flares are common in clinical care of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients. In-depth investigations are not performed routinely because patients often recover without therapeutic interventions, and therefore, the etiologies of these inflammatory flares frequently remain unknown. Case. We report a case of an HIV-infected patient with recurrent inflammatory flares during several years in whom diagnostic workup with a lymph node biopsy finally revealed multicentric Castleman disease (MCD)...
July 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
Takanori Sasaki, Mitsuhiro Akiyama, Yuko Kaneko, Takehiko Mori, Hidekata Yasuoka, Katsuya Suzuki, Kunihiro Yamaoka, Shinichiro Okamoto, Tsutomu Takeuchi
OBJECTIVES: Differentiating IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) from multicentric Castleman's disease (MCD) is challenging because both diseases present high serum IgG4. The objective of this study is to clarify the differences in characteristics and identify a clinically useful approach to differentiate these two diseases. METHODS: Forty-five consecutive patients with untreated active IgG4-RD and 33 patients with MCD were included in this study, who visited our institution from January 2000 to August 2016...
2017: RMD Open
Mamede de Carvalho, Artiom Poliakov, Cristiano Tavares, Michael Swash
OBJECTIVE: We studied motor unit recruitment to test a new method to identify motor unit firing rate (FR) variability. METHODS: We studied 68 ALS patients, with and without upper neuron signs (UMN) in lower limbs, 24 patients with primary lateral sclerosis (PLS), 13 patients with spinal cord lesion and 39 normal subjects. All recordings were made from tibialis anterior muscles of normal strength. Subjects performed a very slight contraction in order to activate 2 motor units in each recording...
September 19, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
Bing Han, Xiaoqing Gao, Lin Shi, Yonglong Zheng, Ke Hou, Jiawei Lv, Jun Guo, Wei Zhang, Zhiyong Tang
Comprehension and modulation of optical activity at nanoscale have attracted tremendous interest in the past decades due to its potential application in many fields including chemical/biological sensing, artificial metamaterials, asymmetric catalysis, and so forth. As for the conventional molecular materials, magnetic field is among the most effective routes in inducing and manipulating their optical activity; whereas the magnetic optical activity at nanoscale calls for deeper understanding, especially for anisotropic noble metal nanoparticles...
October 11, 2017: Nano Letters
Inés Monte-Pérez, Subrata Kundu, Anirban Chandra, Kathryn E Craigo, Petko Chernev, Uwe Kuhlmann, Holger Dau, Peter Hildebrandt, Claudio Greco, Casey Van Stappen, Nicolai Lehnert, Kallol Ray
The synthesis and characterization of a hexanuclear cobalt complex 1 involving a nonheme ligand system, L1, supported on a Sn6O6 stannoxane core are reported. Complex 1 acts as a unique catalyst for dioxygen reduction, whose selectivity can be changed from a preferential 4e(-)/4H(+) dioxygen-reduction (to water) to a 2e(-)/2H(+) process (to hydrogen peroxide) only by increasing the temperature from -50 to 25 °C. A variety of spectroscopic methods ((119)Sn-NMR, magnetic circular dichroism (MCD), electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR), SQUID, UV-vis absorption, and X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS)) coupled with advanced theoretical calculations has been applied for the unambiguous assignment of the geometric and electronic structure of 1...
October 11, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Wasiu A Olowu, Adebowale Ademola, Adebukola B Ajite, Yauba M Saad
This descriptive and comparative review examines the changing epidemiology, treatment, renal and patient outcome of childhood nephrotic syndrome (NS) in tropical Africa (TpAfr). In the 1960s to 1980s, corticosteroid-resistant non-minimal change disease (nMCD) including quartan malaria nephropathy (QMN) was the dominant renal histopathology type. The overall incidence of NS was 0.35-1.34% of hospital admissions. Median age at onset of NS ranged between 4.0 and 12.0 years while the mean (SD) age range was 5.8 (3...
September 26, 2017: Paediatrics and International Child Health
Halil Ay, Özlem Ethemoğlu
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of sodium valproate (SV) and carbamazepine (CBZ) on neuromuscular transmission using single-fibre electromyography (SFEMG) in patients with epilepsy. We performed SFEMG during the voluntary contraction of extensor digitorum communis muscle. 30 epileptic patients taking SV, 25 epileptic patients taking CBZ, and 25 age-matched healthy volunteers were included in the study. Mean jitter values (MCD) of subjects taking SV and CBZ were compared with normal controls...
September 22, 2017: Acta Neurologica Belgica
Daisy Laishram, Kavita Rao, H S Uma Devi, N S Priya, T Smitha, H S Sheethal
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Angiogenesis is a complex event facilitated by angiogenic factors released from neoplastic and host immune cells. Among host immune cells, mast cells (MCs) may have greater significance in tumor progression through angiogenesis. The objectives of the study were to evaluate and correlate mast cell density (MCD) and microvessel density (MVD) in normal gingival tissue, leukoplakia with and without dysplasia and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Among eighty selected cases, twenty were of normal gingiva, twenty each of leukoplakia without and with dysplasia and twenty of OSCC...
May 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Shereen A Majeed, Basma Ghazal, Dustin E Nevonen, Philip C Goff, David A Blank, Victor N Nemykin, Saad Makhseed
2,3,9,10,16,17,23·24-Octakis-(9H-carbazol-9-yl) phthalocyaninato zinc(II) (3) and 2,3,9,10,16,17,23·24-octakis-(3,6-di-tert-butyl-9H-carbazole) phthalocyaninato zinc(II) (4) complexes were prepared and characterized by NMR and UV-vis spectroscopies, magnetic circular dichroism (MCD), matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization mass spectrometry, and X-ray crystallography. UV-vis and MCD data are indicative of the interligand charge-transfer nature of the broad band observed in 450-500 nm range for 3 and 4...
October 2, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
Marc M Cohen, De Villiers Smit, Nick Andrianopoulos, Michael Ben-Meir, David McD Taylor, Shefton J Parker, Chalie C Xue, Peter A Cameron
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess analgesia provided by acupuncture, alone or in combination with pharmacotherapy, to patients presenting to emergency departments with acute low back pain, migraine or ankle sprain. DESIGN: A pragmatic, multicentre, randomised, assessor-blinded, equivalence and non-inferiority trial of analgesia, comparing acupuncture alone, acupuncture plus pharmacotherapy, and pharmacotherapy alone for alleviating pain in the emergency department...
June 19, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
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