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Jin Dong, Tianhao Peng, Jing Gao, Xingwang Jia, Guangtao Yan, Yong Wang
BACKGROUND: Immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN), membranous nephropathy (MN) and minimal-change disease (MCD) are three common types of glomerulonephritis in China. Pathological diagnosis based on renal biopsy is the criterion and the golden standard for diagnosing the sub-types of primary or secondary glomerulonephritis. Immunoglobulin and complements might be used in the differential diagnosis of glomerulonephritis without renal biopsies. However, the relationship between IF intensities of immune proteins and the corresponding serum levels remained unclear, and seldom studies combine histopathological examination results and blood tests together for a predictive purpose...
June 20, 2018: BMC Immunology
L Liu, L F Wang, J Z Sang, L Chen
Objective: To improve diagnosis and treatment of Castleman' s disease (CD) originating in the head and neck. Method: Of 15 cases of Castleman' s disease originating in the head and neck, 8 cases occurred in the right side of the neck, 6 cases in the left side, and 1 case in both sides. Eleven cases were focal type CD (UCD), and 4 cases were multi-center type CD (MCD). All patients underwent imaging examination and neck nephrectomy. Four patients with MCD received drug treatment after surgery. Result: During follow-up from 12 to 69 months, one patient suffered a slight facial paralysis due to a close relationship between mass and the parotid gland...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
Anna M Hoy, Natasha McDonald, Ross J Lennen, Matteo Milanesi, Amy H Herlihy, Timothy J Kendall, William Mungall, Michael Gyngell, Rajarshi Banerjee, Robert L Janiczek, Philip S Murphy, Maurits A Jansen, Jonathan A Fallowfield
Non-invasive quantitation of liver disease using multiparametric MRI could refine clinical care pathways, trial design and preclinical drug development. The aim of the study was to evaluate the use of multiparametric MRI in experimental models of liver disease. Liver injury was induced in rats using 4 or 12 weeks carbon tetrachloride (CCl4 ) intoxication and 4 or 8 weeks methionine and choline deficient (MCD) diet. Liver MRI was performed using a 7.0 Tesla small animal scanner at baseline and specified timepoints after liver injury...
June 18, 2018: Biology Open
Takaya Ozeki, Masahiko Ando, Makoto Yamaguchi, Takayuki Katsuno, Sawako Kato, Yoshinari Yasuda, Naotake Tsuboi, Shoichi Maruyama
BACKGROUND: In patients with adult minimal change disease (MCD), proteinuria relapse is a problem to solve. However, the optimal relapse treatment regimen remains unclear regarding steroid dose. We described the treatment pattern of adult MCD patients and evaluated the appropriate steroid dose for relapse treatment. METHODS: This retrospective multicenter cohort study included 192 patients with adult biopsy-proven MCD from 14 hospitals in Japan. The prescription pattern of immunosuppressive drugs in relapse was reviewed...
2018: PloS One
Harutaka Katano
Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV, human herpesvirus 8, or HHV-8) was firstly discovered in Kaposi's sarcoma tissue derived from patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome. KSHV infection is associated with malignancies and certain inflammatory conditions. In addition to Kaposi's sarcoma, KSHV has been detected in primary effusion lymphoma, KSHV-associated lymphoma, and some cases of multicentric Castleman disease (MCD). Recently, KSHV inflammatory cytokine syndrome (KICS) was also defined as a KSHV-associated disease...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Arpita Kabiraj, Rohit Jaiswal, Anil Singh, Jagriti Gupta, Arun Singh, Fahad M Samadi
Background: Increased angiogenesis has been associated with neoplastic progression, metastasis and outcome in several studies and in a number of malignancies. Among the various host immune cells, mast cells have been implicated in tumor progression by promoting angiogenesis. The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between angiogenesis, mast cells with that of the normal oral mucosa (NOM) and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Materials and Methods: The study was conducted using routine haematoxylin and eosin staining procedure and included immunohistochemical staining for microvessels and toluidine blue staining for mast cells...
April 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
Seung Hoon Jang, Ji Won Cha, Nam Soo Han, Ki Jun Jeong
The lactic acid bacteria (LAB) Leuconostoc citreum are non-sporulating hetero-fermentative bacteria that play an important role in the fermented food industry. In this study, for the enhanced and reliable production of recombinant proteins in L. citreum, we developed a bicistronic design (BCD) expression system which includes a short leader peptide (1st cistron) followed by target genes (2nd cistron) under the control of a single promoter. Using superfolder green fluorescent protein (sfGFP) as a reporter, the functionality of BCD in L...
June 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
Ming Kong, Xuyang Chen, Huihui Xu, Wenping, Mingming Fang, Yong Xu
Uncontrolled inflammatory response and augmented lipid accumulation represent two key pathophysiological events in the pathogenesis of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). NF-κB and SREBP1c program transcriptional regulation of cellular inflammatory response and lipid metabolism, respectively. The epigenetic mechanism underlying NF-κB-dependent pro-inflammatory transcription and SREBP1c-dependent pro-lipogenic transcription remains incompletely understood. In the present study we investigated the investigated the involvement of Brg1, a chromatin remodeling protein, in NASH pathogenesis in methionine-and-choline diet (MCD) induced mouse model...
June 8, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Divya Mehta, Dagmar Bruenig, Bruce Lawford, Wendy Harvey, Tania Carrillo-Roa, Charles P Morris, Tanja Jovanovic, Ross McD Young, Elisabeth B Binder, Joanne Voisey
Accelerated epigenetic aging, the difference between the DNA methylation-predicted age (DNAm age) and the chronological age, is associated with a myriad of diseases. This study investigates the relationship between epigenetic aging and risk and protective factors of PTSD. Genome-wide DNA methylation analysis was performed in 211 individuals including combat-exposed Australian veterans (discovery cohort, n = 96 males) and trauma-exposed civilian males from the Grady Trauma Project (replication cohort, n = 115 males)...
February 2018: Neurobiology of Stress
Chenqu Wu, Menghui Jing, Lijuan Yang, Lei Jin, Yicun Ding, Juan Lu, Qin Cao, Yuanye Jiang
Alisol A 24-acetate (AA), a natural triterpenoid isolated from the traditional Chinese medicine Rhizoma Alismatis, has various therapeutic effects. We investigated the anti-nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) effect of AA and its underlying mechanisms in vitro and in vivo. C57BL/6 mice were fed a methionine and choline-deficient (MCD) diet for 4 weeks to induce NASH. The mice were simultaneously treated with a daily dose of AA (15, 30, and 60 mg kg-1 , ig) for 4 weeks. On the last day, the animals were sacrificed and plasma and liver tissue were collected...
June 5, 2018: Chemico-biological Interactions
Yihao Mao, Qingyang Feng, Peng Zheng, Liangliang Yang, Dexiang Zhu, Wenju Chang, Meiling Ji, Guodong He, Jianmin Xu
The role of mast cells (MCs) in colorectal cancer (CRC) progression was controversial. Thus, this study was designed to evaluate the prognostic value of MCs as well as their correlation with immune microenvironment. A retrospective cohort of CRC patients of stage I-IV was enrolled in this study. 854 consecutive patients were divided into training set (427 patients) and validation set (427 patients) randomly. The findings were further validated in a GEO cohort, GSE39582 (556 patients). The mast cell density (MCD) was measured by immunohistochemical staining of tryptase or by CIBERSORT algorithm...
June 6, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Jin A Yoon, Yong Beom Shin, Myung Jun Shin, Ra Yu Yun, Keun Young Kim, You Sun Song, Youngtae Bae, Seokwon Lee, Younglae Jung, Sang Hyun Lee
BACKGROUND: Obesity is one of the well-known initiating and aggravating factors of lymphedema. Body mass index (BMI) is typically used to define obesity, but in Asian populations, health risks are elevated at lower BMI levels, and abdominal fat may be a better obesity metric. Thus, we assessed the potential association between abdominal obesity and lymphedema severity in postoperative breast cancer patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirty-three women with breast cancer-related lymphedema participated in this study...
June 5, 2018: Lymphatic Research and Biology
Chen Zhiliang, Tang Minghui, Lu Shengyong, Ding Jiamin, Qiu Qili, Wang Yuting, Yan Jianhua
Mechanochemical degradation (MCD) is employed for the dechlorination of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDD) and -furans (PCDF) in filter ashes from municipal solid waste incinerators, respectively with the assist of six additive systems. The evolution of PCDD/F-signatures in all eleven samples are systematically monitored and studied at the level of individual congeners, and special attention is paid to CP-route congeners, 2,3,7,8-substitution, 1,9-substitution, and 4,6-PCDF. The PCDD/F-isomers distribution follows an analogous pattern, indicating the similar acting mechanism for all additives: additives transfer electrons to attack the CCl bond and then expulse chlorine...
May 28, 2018: Chemosphere
Jee-Seon Kim, Kyong-Ju Kim, Eun-Young Choi
RATIONALE: The standard drugs used to treat tuberculosis are rifampicin and isoniazid. These agents are usually safe and inexpensive for short-term use in treatment of latent tuberculosis infection, but sometimes cause adverse renal effects, including minimal change disease (MCD). PATIENT CONCERNS: Here, we report a 51-year-old woman with latent tuberculosis infection who developed nephrotic syndrome during treatment with rifampicin and isoniazid for 25 days. DIAGNOSES: Renal biopsy findings were compatible with MCD, and she had no relevant medical history and was not taking other medications...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Irshad Ali Bajeer, Sabeeta Khatri, Veena Tresa, Seema Hashmi, Mohammed Mubarak, Ali Asghar Lanewala
OBJECTIVE: To determine the short-term outcome of cyclophosphamide (CPO) course in children with relapsing steroid sensitive nephrotic syndrome (SSNS) with different histopathological lesions. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive, observational study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Pediatric Nephrology Department, Sindh Institute of Urology and Transplantation, Karachi, from January 2012 to December 2014. METHODOLOGY: All children with relapsing steroid-sensitive nephrotic syndrome, who underwent renal biopsy and received cyclophosphamide therapy, were included and followed up for 2 years...
June 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Kwanseob Shim, Sheila Jacobi, Jack Odle, Xi Lin
Up-regulation of peroxisome proliferator-activating receptor-α (PPARα) and increasing fatty acid oxidation are important for reducing pre-weaning mortality of pigs. We examined the time-dependent regulatory effects of PPARα activation via oral postnatal clofibrate administration (75 mg/(kg-BW·d) for up to 7 days) on mitochondrial and peroxisomal fatty acid oxidation in pigs, a species with limited hepatic fatty acid oxidative capacity due to low ketogenesis. Hepatic oxidation was increased by 44-147% (depending on fatty acid chain-length) and was attained after only 4 days of clofibrate treatment...
May 8, 2018: Oncotarget
Luhang Xu, Dengpo Huang, Huimei Chen, Xiaoling Jing, Jiale Huang, Tareque Odoom-Wubah, Qingbiao Li
Synthesis and applications of one dimensional (1D) metal nanostructures have attracted much attention. However, one-step synthesis of bimetallic nanowires (NWs) has remained challenging. In this work, we developed a microorganism-mediated, hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB)-directed (MCD) approach to synthesize closely packed and long Au-Ag NWs with the assistance of a continuous injection pump. Characterization results confirmed that the branched Au-Ag alloy NWs was polycrystalline. And the Au-Ag NWs exhibited a strong absorbance at around 1950 nm in the near-infrared (NIR) region, which can find potential application in NIR absorption...
May 28, 2018: Nanomaterials
Yuting Ren, Wenxiu Liu, Yifan Li, Bo Sun, Yanran Li, Fei Yang, Hongfen Wang, Mao Li, Fang Cui, Xusheng Huang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the involvement of the sensory and autonomic nervous system in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and to determine whether TDP-43/pTDP-43 deposits in skin nerve fibers signify a valuable biomarker for ALS. METHODS: Eighteen patients with ALS and 18 age- and sex-matched control subjects underwent physical examinations, in addition to donating skin biopsies from the distal leg. The density of epidermal, Meissner's corpuscle (MC), sudomotor, and pilomotor nerve fibers were measured...
May 26, 2018: Journal of Neurology
Camille Le Guilcher, Isabelle Garcin, Olivier Dellis, Florent Cauchois, Ali Tebbi, Isabelle Doignon, Catherine Guettier, Boris Julien, Thierry Tordjmann
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Liver fibrosis is characterized by the accumulation of extracellular matrix produced by hepatic myofibroblasts (hMF), the activation of which is critical to the fibrogenic process. Extracellular adenosine triphosphate, released by dying or stressed cells, and its purinergic receptors, constitute a powerful signaling network after injury. Although the P2X4 purinergic receptor (P2X4) is highly expressed in the liver, its functions in hMF had never been investigated during liver fibrogenesis...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Hepatology
Zachary J Brown, Qiong Fu, Chi Ma, Michael Kruhlak, Haibo Zhang, Ji Luo, Bernd Heinrich, Su Jong Yu, Qianfei Zhang, Andrew Wilson, Zhen-Dan Shi, Rolf Swenson, Tim F Greten
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a common cause of cancer-related death worldwide. As obesity and diabetes become more prevalent, the contribution of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) to HCC is rising. Recently, we reported intrahepatic CD4+ T cells are critical for anti-tumor surveillance in NAFLD. Lipid accumulation in the liver is the hallmark of NAFLD, which may perturb T cell function. We sought to investigate how the lipid-rich liver environment influences CD4+ T cells by focusing on carnitine palmitoyltransferase (CPT) family members, which control the mitochondrial β-oxidation of fatty acids and act as key molecules in lipid catabolism...
May 23, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
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