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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666745/torsion-of-the-omentum-a-rare-cause-of-acute-abdomen-in-a-14-year-old-boy
#1
Chijioke Chinaka, Shahbaz Mansoor, Mohamed Salaheidin
Acute abdominal pain is a common surgical presentation, and most often, the first line of consideration is to rule out acute appendicitis; this is more so when the patient is an adolescent or within younger age group. In most cases, other differentials are considered before omental torsion. Omental torsion is a cause of acute abdominal pain and sometimes mimics acute appendicitis in its presentation. We present a case of a 14-yr-old boy who presented with acute abdomen with symptoms mimicking acute appendicitis...
2018: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651800/caecal-volvulus-a-rare-complication-following-a-routine-laparoscopic-appendicectomy
#2
Cameron J Parkin, Kenneth Buxey, Timothy Goldsmith, Niruben Rajasagaram
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2018: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629687/the-usefulness-of-routine-histological-examination-of-appendicectomy-specimens-in-a-south-african-tertiary-centre
#3
O O Jolayemi, N B Moodley, V Y Kong, B Tlou, J L Bruce, D L Clarke
BACKGROUND: It is accepted surgical practice to send all appendicectomy specimens for histological examination, but the usefulness and cost associated with this practice have not been established in our setting, a tertiary hospital in KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa (SA). OBJECTIVES: To determine the histological diagnoses of appendicectomy specimens in our centre, and the cost of identifying an alternative histological diagnosis requiring further treatment...
March 28, 2018: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602171/appendicectomy-during-pregnancy-and-the-risk-of-preterm-birth-a-population-data-linkage-study
#4
Ibinabo Ibiebele, Margaret Schnitzler, Tanya Nippita, Jane B Ford
BACKGROUND: Suspected appendicitis is a common non-obstetric indication for emergency abdominal surgery during pregnancy. AIMS: Assess the risk of preterm birth and other maternal and neonatal adverse birth outcomes following appendicectomy during pregnancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Population-based data linkage study of women with singleton births in New South Wales, Australia, 2002-2014. Pregnancies with appendicitis and appendicectomy were compared to pregnancies without appendicitis...
March 30, 2018: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574401/a-case-report-of-incidental-ectopic-pancreatic-tissue-during-laparoscopic-appendicectomy
#5
Hang-Fai So, Trent J Cross, Mark Zonta
INTRODUCTION: Ectopic or heterotopic pancreas is a congenital disorder defined as abnormally located pancreatic tissue found outside the pancreatic frame. It is a rare entity that occasionally causes symptoms depending on its location. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We present the case of an incidental finding of proximal jejunal ectopic pancreas in a middle-aged woman presenting with appendicitis. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Although rare it is necessary to be aware that jejunal ectopic pancreas can lead to jejunojejunal intussusception...
March 19, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571061/ingested-razor-blades-within-the-appendix-a-rare-case-report
#6
Jason Cui, Trent Cross, David Lockwood
INTRODUCTION: Foreign body ingestion is a common clinical presentation with less than 1% of the cases requiring surgical intervention. In this report, we present a rare case of razor blades lodged in the appendix as a result of intentional ingestion. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 25 year old male prisoner presented to our hospital with persistent right iliac fossa pain after razor blade ingestion. After 5 days of conservative management, there was no sign of transition on serial X-Rays...
March 16, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559489/prostate-cancer-with-an-unusual-metastatic-affinity-for-the-appendix-inducing-acute-appendicitis
#7
Erasmia Christou
Acute appendicitis induced by metastatic disease is uncommon. We present the case of an 82-year-old man with known bony metastases secondary to prostatic cancer who presents with a short history of acute abdominal pain. A CT scan was indicative of acute appendicitis and the patient underwent a laparoscopic appendicectomy; a phlegmonous mass seen intraoperatively was suspicious for malignancy, and histopathology confirmed acute appendicitis as well as metastases of prostate cancer. Metastatic disease should be considered as an important differential in all patients with a known history of malignancy, as this may in turn complicate their presenting surgical complaint...
March 20, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552432/role-of-c-reactive-protein-white-blood-cell-counts-bilirubin-levels-and-imaging-in-the-diagnosis-of-acute-appendicitis-as-a-cause-of-right-iliac-fossa-pain
#8
Shetty Sushruth, Chellappa Vijayakumar, Krishnamachari Srinivasan, Nagarajan Raj Kumar, Gopal Balasubramaniyan, Surendra K Verma, A Ramesh
Background Right iliac fossa (RIF) pain is one of the most common modalities of presentation to surgical emergency. It remains a challenge to the treating clinicians to accurately diagnose or to rule out appendicitis. Objective The aim of the study was to compare the efficacy of clinical impression, biochemical markers, and imaging in the diagnosis of RIF pain with special reference to appendicitis and their implication in reducing the negative appendicectomy rates. Methods All patients presenting to casualty with RIF pain were included in the study...
January 15, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550035/diagnosis-and-management-of-omental-infarction-in-children-our-10-year-experience-with-ultrasound
#9
R McCusker, R Gent, D W Goh
AIM: To review children with Omental Infarction (OI) and the role of Ultrasound Scan (US) in its diagnosis and management. METHODS: Cases of OI were identified retrospectively from 2004 to 2014 through screening of admission coding, pathology databases and radiology records. Demographic, clinical and pathological data were extracted from case records. MAIN RESULTS: 30 cases were identified (17 male, 13 female). Mean age was 10.7years (range 3...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543058/polymeric-clips-are-a-quicker-and-cheaper-alternative-to-endoscopic-ligatures-for-securing-the-appendiceal-stump-during-laparoscopic-appendicectomy
#10
Msj Wilson, P Maniam, A Ibrahim, N Makaram, S R Knight, P Patil
Introduction The use of polymeric clips in securing the appendiceal stump has been increasingly reported as a viable alternative to current methods in emergency laparoscopic appendicectomy. We evaluated the operative outcomes following the use of polymeric clips versus endoscopic ligatures. The primary endpoint was operative time, with secondary outcomes including complications, inpatient stay, and cost analysis. Materials and methods Operative records were retrospectively analysed to identify patients undergoing laparoscopic appendicectomy between January 2014 and June 2015...
March 15, 2018: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509046/a-3-year-study-of-predictive-factors-for-positive-and-negative-appendicectomies
#11
Dwayne T S Chang, Melissa Maluda, Lisa Lee, Chandrasiri Premaratne, Srisongham Khamhing
BACKGROUND: Early and accurate identification or exclusion of acute appendicitis is the key to avoid the morbidity of delayed treatment for true appendicitis or unnecessary appendicectomy, respectively. We aim (i) to identify potential predictive factors for positive and negative appendicectomies; and (ii) to analyse the use of ultrasound scans (US) and computed tomography (CT) scans for acute appendicitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All appendicectomies that took place at our hospital from the 1st of January 2013 to the 31st of December 2015 were retrospectively recorded...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499722/contract-study-conservative-treatment-of-appendicitis-in-children-feasibility-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
Natalie Hutchings, Wendy Wood, Isabel Reading, Erin Walker, Jane M Blazeby, William Van't Hoff, Bridget Young, Esther M Crawley, Simon Eaton, Maria Chorozoglou, Frances C Sherratt, Lucy Beasant, Harriet Corbett, Michael P Stanton, Simon Grist, Elizabeth Dixon, Nigel J Hall
BACKGROUND: Currently, the routine treatment for acute appendicitis in the United Kingdom is an appendicectomy. However, there is increasing scientific interest and research into non-operative treatment of appendicitis in adults and children. While a number of studies have investigated non-operative treatment of appendicitis in adults, this research cannot be applied to the paediatric population. Ultimately, we aim to perform a UK-based multicentre randomised controlled trial (RCT) to test the clinical and cost effectiveness of non-operative treatment of acute uncomplicated appendicitis in children, as compared with appendicectomy...
March 2, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484934/routine-blood-group-and-antibody-screening-prior-to-emergency-laparoscopy
#13
J Barrett-Lee, J Vatish, M Vazirian-Zadeh, P Waterland
Introduction Studies show that rates of blood transfusion associated with general surgical laparoscopy are low. Currently, there are no national guidelines in the UK regarding blood group and antibody screening (G&S) for patients undergoing emergency laparoscopy. The aim of this study was to assess whether using G&S before emergency laparoscopic general surgery routinely is worthwhile by identifying rates of perioperative transfusion. Methods Data were collected retrospectively on all emergency laparoscopic procedures at a single district general hospital between January 2014 and 31 December 2016...
February 27, 2018: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482082/metastatic-gastric-adenocarcinoma-and-synchronous-carcinoid-tumour-mimicking-appendicitis-a-case-report
#14
Q B Tran, R Mizumoto, S Ratnayake, B Strekozov
INTRODUCTION: Silent metastatic gastric adenocarcinoma presenting as appendicitis is very rare. Rare pathologies may be encountered during common operations such as appendicectomy and an awareness of possible alternative pathological entities would be helpful in a surgeon's wealth of knowledge. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 63-year-old man presented with a three-day history of acute abdominal pain suggestive of appendicitis. Intra-operatively, a macroscopically inflamed and perforated appendix was found...
February 16, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441286/burying-the-appendiceal-stump-during-appendicectomy-state-of-art
#15
Valerio Aceti, Alessandro Boscarelli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Translational Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410692/evaluating-the-risk-of-appendiceal-perforation-when-using-ultrasound-as-the-initial-diagnostic-imaging-modality-in-children-with-suspected-appendicitis
#16
Stephen Alerhand, James Meltzer, Ee Tein Tay
Background: Ultrasound scan has gained attention for diagnosing appendicitis due to its avoidance of ionizing radiation. However, studies show that ultrasound scan carries inferior sensitivity to computed tomography scan. A non-diagnostic ultrasound scan could increase the time to diagnosis and appendicectomy, particularly if follow-up computed tomography scan is needed. Some studies suggest that delaying appendicectomy increases the risk of perforation. Objective: To investigate the risk of appendiceal perforation when using ultrasound scan as the initial diagnostic imaging modality in children with suspected appendicitis...
August 2017: Ultrasound: Journal of the British Medical Ultrasound Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386763/ileal-cystic-lymphangioma-presenting-with-acute-appendicitis
#17
Su-Ann Lui, Yoke Lin Nyo, V P Mali
Mesenteric lymphatic malformations are rare benign tumors that are most commonly found in children. The presentation of these tumors can be variable. It has been suggested that mesenteric lymphatic malformations are congenital; however, there is evidence that their size may be increased by infection. A 3-year 10-month-old boy presented with rhinorrhea and cough followed by acute abdominal pain. Ultrasonography revealed a lobulated mass in the lower abdomen. Computerized tomography scan of the abdomen diagnosed an inflamed appendix with perforation...
January 2018: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383236/amyand-s-hernia-managed-with-open-repair-and-laparoscopic-appendicectomy
#18
Suha Abdulla, Kathryn Lynes, Sathyan Nagendram, Mansoor Akhtar
We present a rare case of Amyand's hernia that was surgically managed using an open repair of hernia combined with laparoscopic appendicectomy. A 68-year-old man presented with an irreducible recurrent right-sided inguinal hernia and abdominal pain. This gentleman had undergone three previous inguinal hernia repairs on the right, and one on the left using the open mesh technique. Ultrasound suggested the possibility of the appendix within the hernial sac and clinical correlation was advised. An open groin approach was taken to repair the incarcerated hernia...
November 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337180/impact-of-an-acute-surgical-unit-in-appendicectomy-outcomes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Ishwarya Balasubramanian, Ben Creavin, Des Winter
BACKGROUND: The provision of emergency general surgical services is undergoing a paradigm shift towards a consultant led, patient centered model in order to improve patient outcomes. The aim of this current study is to use meta-analytical techniques to assess the efficacy of acute surgical unit (ASU) in appendectomy. METHODS: A meta-analysis was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines. A comprehensive literature search of PubMed, Embase and Scopus for published studies comparing ASU and traditional (TRAD) model on appendectomy outcomes was performed...
February 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331965/right-iliac-fossa-pain-treatment-rift-study-protocol-for-an-international-multicentre-prospective-observational-study
#20
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: Patients presenting with right iliac fossa (RIF) pain are a common challenge for acute general surgical services. Given the range of potential pathologies, RIF pain creates diagnostic uncertainty and there is subsequent variation in investigation and management. Appendicitis is a diagnosis which must be considered in all patients with RIF pain; however, over a fifth of patients undergoing appendicectomy, in the UK, have been proven to have a histologically normal appendix (negative appendicectomy)...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
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