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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452425/clinical-evidence-on-dietary-supplementation-with-chia-seed-salvia-hispanica-l-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Siew Li Teoh, Nai Ming Lai, Possatorn Vanichkulpitak, Vladimir Vuksan, Hoang Ho, Nathorn Chaiyakunapruk
Context: Chia seed is a popular dietary supplement, taken mainly for its high content of alpha-linolenic acid, vegetable protein, and dietary fiber, yet information about its clinical effects is lacking. Objective: This review aims to summarize the clinical evidence regarding the use of chia seed for a wide variety of health conditions. Data Sources: A number of databases, including PubMed and Embase, were searched systematically. Study Selection: Randomized controlled trials that assessed the clinical effects of chia seed consumption in human participants were included...
February 14, 2018: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451910/the-fruit-and-vegetable-import-pathway-for-potential-invasive-pest-arrivals
#2
Erik Lichtenberg, Lars J Olson
The expansion of international trade in commodities increases the risk of alien species invasions. Invaders are difficult to detect on introduction, so prevention remains the preferred strategy for managing the threat of invasions. Propagule pressure has been shown to be a good predictor of invasion risk. Most studies to date, however, link potential invasive species arrivals with indirect measures of propagule pressure such as aggregate trade volumes. This paper estimates propagule pressure using data that measure actual arrivals...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451902/an-artificial-mirna-system-reveals-that-relative-contribution-of-translational-inhibition-to-mirna-mediated-regulation-depends-on-environmental-and-developmental-factors-in-arabidopsis-thaliana
#3
Patrick von Born, Marti Bernardo-Faura, Ignacio Rubio-Somoza
Development and fitness of any organism rely on properly controlled gene expression. This is especially true for plants, as their development is determined by both internal and external cues. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are embedded in the genetic cascades that integrate and translate those cues into developmental programs. miRNAs negatively regulate their target genes mainly post-transcriptionally through two co-existing mechanisms; mRNA cleavage and translational inhibition. Despite our increasing knowledge about the genetic and biochemical processes involved in those concurrent mechanisms, little is known about their relative contributions to the overall miRNA-mediated regulation...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451893/vegetative-compatibility-groups-partition-variation-in-the-virulence-of-verticillium-dahliae-on-strawberry
#4
Rong Fan, Helen M Cockerton, Andrew D Armitage, Helen Bates, Emma Cascant-Lopez, Laima Antanaviciute, Xiangming Xu, Xiaoping Hu, Richard J Harrison
Verticillium dahliae infection of strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa) is a major cause of disease-induced wilting in soil-grown strawberries across the world. To understand what components of the pathogen are affecting disease expression, the presence of the known effector VdAve1 was screened in a sample of Verticillium dahliae isolates. Isolates from strawberry were found to contain VdAve1 and were divided into two major clades, based upon their vegetative compatibility groups (VCG); no UK strawberry isolates contained VdAve1...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451813/modulatory-effects-of-alkaloid-extract-from-gongronema-latifolium-utazi-and-lasianthera-africana-editan-on-activities-of-enzymes-relevant-to-neurodegeneration
#5
Esther E Nwanna, Adeniyi A Adebayo, Ganiyu Oboh, Opeyemi B Ogunsuyi, Ayokunle O Ademosun
Most alkaloids are produced by plants as a defense mechanism against herbivores. Since alkaloids are known to possess pharmacological effects, this study sought to investigate the in vitro modulatory effect of alkaloid obtained from two commonly consumed vegetables in southern Nigeria, Lasianthera africana (editan) and Gongronema latifolium (utazi), on some enzyme activities relevant to neurodegeneration. Effects of the alkaloids on cholinesterases (acetylcholinesterase [AChE] and butyrylcholinesterase [BChE]) and monoamine oxidase (MAO) activities were determined in vitro...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451810/recent-developments-in-the-food-quality-detected-by-non-invasive-nuclear-magnetic-resonance-technology
#6
Kai Fan, Min Zhang
Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) is a rapid, accurate and non-invasive technology and widely used to detect the quality of food, particularly to fruits and vegetables, meat and aquatic products. This review is a survey of recent developments in experimental results for the quality of food on various NMR technologies in processing and storage over the past decade. Following a discussion of the quality discrimination and classification of food, analysis of food compositions and detection of physical, chemical, structural and microbiological properties of food are outlined...
February 16, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451630/-pattern-changes-in-food-and-beverages-expenditure-in-mexican-households-1984-2014
#7
Beatriz Gabriela Garza-Montoya, María Elena Ramos-Tovar
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the proportion of expenditure and its frequency in food and beverages consumed inside and outside of households, at national and regional level, in Mexico between 1984 and 2014. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It analyzes data of household expenditure of food and beverages taken from the National Survey of Mexican Household Income and Expenditures 1984, 1994, 2005 and 2014. It conducted descriptive statistics analyses such as percentages, growth rates and crosstabs...
November 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451606/can-climate-and-soil-conditions-change-the-morpho-anatomy-among-individuals-from-different-localities-a-case-study-in-aldama-grandiflora-asteraceae
#8
L F Muniz, A B Bombo, A L Filartiga, B Appezzato-da-Glória
Vegetative aerial organs are considerably more exposed to environmental conditions and can reflect the specific adaptations of plants to their local environment. Aldama grandiflora species are known to be widely distributed in Brazil; therefore, individuals from different populations of this species are thought to be exposed to different abiotic and biotic conditions. Several anatomical studies conducted on Brazilian Aldama species have mainly focused on the qualitative anatomical characters or traits of these species, but not on their quantitative traits...
February 15, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Biology, Revista Brasleira de Biologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451459/apiaceous-vegetables-and-cruciferous-phytochemicals-reduced-phip-dna-adducts-in-prostate-but-not-in-pancreas-of-wistar-rats
#9
Jae Kyeom Kim, Marissa A McCormick, Cynthia M Gallaher, Daniel D Gallaher, Sabrina P Trudo
We previously showed rats fed with apiaceous vegetables, but not with their putative chemopreventive phytochemicals, reduced colonic DNA adducts formed by 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP), a dietary procarcinogen. We report here the effects of feeding apiaceous and cruciferous vegetables versus their purified predominant phytochemicals, either alone or combined, on prostate and pancreatic PhIP-DNA adduct formation. In experiment I, male Wistar rats received three supplemented diets: CRU (cruciferous vegetables), API (apiaceous vegetables), and CRU+API (both types of vegetables)...
February 2018: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451428/extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-ampc-and-mbl-producing-gram-negative-bacteria-on-fresh-vegetables-and-ready-to-eat-salads-sold-in-local-markets
#10
Ramona Iseppi, Simona de Niederhäusern, Moreno Bondi, Patrizia Messi, Carla Sabia
We investigated the occurrence of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL), AmpC, and carbapenemase-producing Gram-negative bacteria isolated from 160 samples of fresh vegetables (n = 80) and ready-to-eat (RTE) prepacked salads (n = 80). Phenotypic and genotypic analyses were carried out on the isolates in terms of the species present and relative resistance. Resistance to β-lactam antibiotics was found in only 44 (24 from fresh vegetables and 20 from RTE salads) of a total of 312 Gram-negative strains (14.1%)...
February 16, 2018: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451351/delphinidin-induces-apoptosis-and-inhibits-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-via-the-erk-p38-mapk-signaling-pathway-in-human-osteosarcoma-cell-lines
#11
Hae-Mi Kang, Bong-Soo Park, Hyun-Kyung Kang, Hae-Ryoun Park, Su-Bin Yu, In-Ryoung Kim
Delphinidin is major anthocyanidin that is extracted from many pigmented fruits and vegetables. This substance has anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-angiogenic, and anti-cancer properties. In addition, delphinidin strongly suppresses the migration and invasion of various cancer cells during tumorigenesis. Although delphinidin has anti-cancer effects, little is known about its functional roles in osteosarcoma (OS). For these reasons, we have demonstrated the effects of delphinidin on OS cell lines. The effects of delphinidin on cell viability and growth of OS cells were assessed using the MTT assay and colony formation assays...
February 16, 2018: Environmental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451117/improving-the-food-environment-in-hospitals-and-senior-meal-programs
#12
Ann Lowenfels, Mary Jo Pattison, Anne M Martin, Cindy Ferrari
Most Americans consume more than the recommended daily level of sodium, and tools are needed to assess and improve food practices related to sodium. We describe how the Sodium Practices Assessment Tool (SPAT) was developed and used in 19 hospitals and senior meal facilities in upstate New York. Initial results identified opportunities for improvement in food preparation, presentation, and purchasing practices to reduce sodium consumption. Pre-post comparison results showed significant increases in the use of herbs, spices, unsalted butter, fruits and vegetables, and in the availability of lower-sodium foods...
February 15, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450741/utility-of-cardiac-computed-tomography-scanning-in-the-diagnosis-and-pre-operative-evaluation-of-patients-with-infective-endocarditis
#13
Jason R Sims, Nandan S Anavekar, Krishnaswamy Chandrasekaran, James M Steckelberg, Walter R Wilson, Bernard J Gersh, Larry M Baddour, Daniel C DeSimone
Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is the gold standard imaging study used in the diagnosis of infective endocarditis (IE). Computed tomography angiography (CTA) has undergone rapid advancement as a cardiac imaging technique and has previously shown promise in small non-randomized studies for evaluation of IE. We hypothesized that cardiac CTA would perform similarly to TEE in the detection of endocarditic lesions and that there would be no difference in clinical outcomes whether the coronary arteries were evaluated by CTA or invasive coronary angiography (ICA)...
February 15, 2018: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450584/dietary-patterns-and-longitudinal-change-in-hip-bone-mineral-density-among-older-men
#14
T S Rogers, S Harrison, S Judd, E S Orwoll, L M Marshall, J Shannon, L Langsetmo, N E Lane, J M Shikany
Studying dietary patterns is often more informative than individual nutrients or foods. We found that a Prudent dietary pattern (rich in vegetables and fish) was associated with reduced loss of total hip BMD in older men. A Prudent dietary pattern may be a potential lifestyle strategy for minimizing bone loss. INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to identify baseline dietary patterns using factor analysis in a cohort of older men and to evaluate whether the dietary patterns were associated with bone mineral density change (%ΔBMD) at the total hip and femoral neck over time...
February 15, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450411/revalorization-of-wild-asparagus-stipularis-forssk-as-a-traditional-vegetable-with-nutritional-and-functional-properties
#15
Khaoula Adouni, Hassiba Chahdoura, Habib Mosbah, Celestino Santos-Buelga, Ana M González-Paramás, María Ciudad-Mulero, Ângela Fernandes, Ricardo C Calhelha, Patricia Morales, Guido Flamini, Isabel C F R Ferreira, Lotfi Achour
The nutritional values and phytochemical composition of young shoots of wild Asparagus stipularis Forssk. from Tunisia were determined in this study. The antioxidant (tested by four different in vitro assays) and antiproliferative properties (against human tumour cell lines) of aqueous and hydroalcoholic extracts of the young shoots were also investigated. The obtained results indicated that the young shoots are a potential source of valuable nutrients and dietary fiber, and their hydroalcoholic extract showed marked antioxidant and antiproliferative activities in all tested assays...
February 16, 2018: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449875/a-robust-vegetation-index-for-remotely-assessing-chlorophyll-content-of-dorsiventral-leaves-across-several-species-in-different-seasons
#16
Shan Lu, Fan Lu, Wenqiang You, Zheyi Wang, Yu Liu, Kenji Omasa
Background: Leaf chlorophyll content (LCC) provides valuable information about plant physiology. Most of the published chlorophyll vegetation indices at the leaf level have been based on the spectral characteristics of the adaxial leaf surface, thus, they are not appropriate for estimating LCC when both the adaxial and abaxial leaf surfaces influence the spectral reflectance. We attempted to address this challenge by measuring the spectral reflectance of the adaxial and abaxial leaf surfaces of several plant species at different growth stages using a portable field spectroradiometer...
2018: Plant Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449861/application-of-electrical-capacitance-method-for-prediction-of-plant-root-mass-and-activity-in-field-grown-crops
#17
Imre Cseresnyés, Katalin Szitár, Kálmán Rajkai, Anna Füzy, Péter Mikó, Ramóna Kovács, Tünde Takács
The root electrical capacitance (C R ) method is suitable for assessing root growth and activity, but soil water content (SWC) strongly influences the measurement results. This study aimed to adapt the method for field monitoring by evaluating the effect of SWC on root capacitance to ensure the comparability of C R detected at different SWC. First a pot experiment was conducted with maize and soybean to establish C R -SWC functions for the field soil. Ontogenetic changes in root activity were monitored under field conditions by simultaneously measuring C R and SWC around the roots...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449112/production-of-an-innovative-biowaste-derived-fertilizer-rapid-monitoring-of-physical-chemical-parameters-by-hyperspectral-imaging
#18
S Serranti, A Trella, G Bonifazi, C Garcia Izquierdo
In this work the possibility to apply hyperspectral imaging as a fast and non-destructive technique for the monitoring of the production process at pilot plant scale of an innovative biowaste-derived fertilizer was explored. Different mixtures of urban organic waste, farm organic residues, biochar and vegetable active principles were selected and utilized in two different European countries, Italy and Spain, for the production of the innovative fertilizer. The biowaste-derived fertilizer samples were collected from the pilot plant piles at different curing time and acquired by the hyperspectral imaging device...
February 12, 2018: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448424/multiplex-recurrence-networks
#19
Deniz Eroglu, Norbert Marwan, Martina Stebich, Jürgen Kurths
We have introduced a multiplex recurrence network approach by combining recurrence networks with the multiplex network approach in order to investigate multivariate time series. The potential use of this approach is demonstrated on coupled map lattices and a typical example from palaeobotany research. In both examples, topological changes in the multiplex recurrence networks allow for the detection of regime changes in their dynamics. The method goes beyond classical interpretation of pollen records by considering the vegetation as a whole and using the intrinsic similarity in the dynamics of the different regional vegetation elements...
January 2018: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448257/nonbacterial-thrombotic-endocarditis-presenting-with-leg-pain-and-a-left-atrial-mass-lesion
#20
Ahmed A Abouarab, Adham Elmously, Jeremy R Leonard, Mohammed J Arisha, Mario Gaudino, Naveent Narula, Arash Salemi
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a major cause of nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis (NBTE) associated with intracardiac sterile vegetations. It is rare for vegetations to present as an atrial tumor. This report describes a 48-year-old female with SLE and antiphospholipid syndrome complicated by recurrent thrombosis on anticoagulation. A large left atrial mass lesion was detected on echocardiography during a work-up for leg burning. Infective endocarditis could not be confirmed, and hence left atrial mass lesion was the most likely diagnosis...
February 15, 2018: Cardiology
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