keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Prenatal

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667711/the-impact-of-the-legalisation-of-abortion-on-birth-outcomes-in-uruguay
#1
José-Ignacio Antón, Zuleika Ferre, Patricia Triunfo
This study investigates the short-term impact on the quantity and quality of births of an abortion reform in Uruguay that legalised termination of pregnancy until the 12th week of pregnancy in the short run. We employ a differences-in-differences approach, comprehensive administrative records of births, and a novel identification strategy based on the planned or unplanned nature of pregnancies that came to term. Our results suggest that this policy change has led to an 8% decline in the number of births from unplanned pregnancies, driven by the group of mothers aged between 20 and 34 years old who have secondary education...
April 18, 2018: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666952/utility-of-diffusion-weighted-mr-imaging-in-the-diagnosis-of-placenta-accreta-spectrum-abnormality
#2
Bhagya Sannananja, Anna Ellermeier, Daniel S Hippe, Thomas C Winter, Stella K Kang, Susanna I Lee, Mark R Kilgore, Manjiri K Dighe
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the utility of added DWI sequences as an adjunct to traditional MR imaging in the evaluation of abnormal placentation in patients with suspicion for placenta accreta spectrum abnormality or morbidly adherent placenta (MAP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was approved by local ethics committee. The subjects included pregnant women with prenatal MRI performed between July 2013 to July 2015. All imaging was performed on a Philips 1...
April 17, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666350/case-report-of-newborn-with-de-novo-partial-trisomy-2q31-2-37-3-and-monosomy-9p24-3
#3
Maurizia Colangelo, Melissa Alfonsi, Chiara Palka, Eleonora Zio Zio, Silvana Di Renzo, Paolo Guanciali-Franchi, Giandomenico Palka
We describe a newborn female with a de novo duplication of chromosomes 2q31.2 and 2q37.3, and a de novo monosomy 9p24.3. The clinical findings of this patient include congenital heart defects, dysmorphic facial features, hypotonia, feeding difficulties and microcephaly. Ultrasonographic prenatal findings were negative for foetal malformations. Only a mild pyelectasis was reported. This is the first report of molecular cytogenetic characterization of a partial trisomy 2q31.2-37.3 with monosomy 9p24.3.
March 2018: Journal of Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665469/total-mercury-exposure-in-early-pregnancy-has-no-adverse-association-with-scholastic-ability-of-the-offspring-particularly-if-the-mother-eats-fish
#4
Joseph Hibbeln, Steven Gregory, Yasmin Iles-Caven, Caroline M Taylor, Alan Emond, Jean Golding
There is a public perception that relatively low doses of mercury found in seafood are harmful to the fetal brain but little consistent evidence to support this. In earlier publications we have shown no adverse associations between maternal total blood mercury levels and child behaviour, early development or cognitive function as measured by IQ. However, for IQ the lack of adverse association was conditional upon the mother being a fish eater. In this paper we analyse further data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC), this time examining whether prenatal exposure to total mercury is associated with the child's scholastic abilities in reading, spelling, phoneme awareness, mathematics and science; the number of participants with prenatal mercury and relevant test results varied from 1500 to 2200...
April 14, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665137/morphological-development-of-baculum-and-forelimb-second-to-fourth-digit-ratio-in-mice
#5
Minami Fuse, Kazuhiko Sawada
The baculum (or os penis) is the non-appendicular osseous tissue owned by nine orders of mammals. In rodents, the baculum consists of three segments derived from developmentally-distinct origins: proximal endochondral, central intramembranous and distal cartilaginous segments (Murakami and Mizuno 1984). This report attempted to assess a contribution of physiological levels of prenatal testosterone to the mouse baculal morphology.
April 17, 2018: Congenital Anomalies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665020/type-ii-and-iii-congenital-pulmonary-airway-malformation-with-hydrops-treated-in-utero-with-percutaneous-sclerotherapy
#6
Andrew H Chon, Lisa M Korst, Mira Abdel-Sattar, Arlyn Llanes, Joseph G Ouzounian, Ramen H Chmait
OBJECTIVE: To present outcomes of fetuses with congenital pulmonary airway malformation (CPAM) treated with sclerotherapy. METHODS: Retrospective study of 8 patients with a prenatal diagnosis of CPAM type II or III with secondary hydrops treated with percutaneous sclerotherapy using 5% ethanolamine oleate (EO). All patients underwent ultrasonic measurement of the CPAM volume ratio (CVR). Results are expressed as median (range). RESULTS: Gestational age (GA) at initial sclerotherapy was 22...
April 17, 2018: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664656/maternal-anthropometric-characteristics-and-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-in-iranian-women-a-confirmation-analysis
#7
Hayedeh Hoorsan, Hamid Alavi Majd, Shahla Chaichian, Abolfazl Mehdizadehkashi, Roza Hoorsan, Meisam Akhlaqghdoust, Yousef Moradi
BACKGROUND: Adverse pregnancy outcome are frequent in developing countries. Pregnancy outcomes are influenced by numerous factors. It seems that maternal anthropometric indices are among the most important factors in this era. The aim of this study was to determine any association between maternal anthropometric characteristics and adverse pregnancy outcomes in Iranian women and provide a predictive model by using factors affecting birth weight (BW) via the pathway analysis. METHODS: This study was performed in Alborz province between September 2014 and December 2016...
February 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664551/socio-demographic-and-psychological-determinants-of-exclusive-breastfeeding-after-six-months-postpartum-a-polish-case-cohort-study
#8
Karolina Maria Maliszewska, Mariola Bidzan, Małgorzata Świątkowska-Freund, Krzysztof Preis
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to explore the socio-demographic and psychological factors connected with exclusive breastfeeding after 6 months postpartum. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 251 women filled in questionnaires in the first week postpartum, then again after 3 and 6 months. The questionnaires included socio-demographic and medical questions, as well as psychological tools: the NEO-FFI Personality Inventory, the Berlin Social Support Scales (BSSS), and the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS)...
2018: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664509/congenital-hydrocephalus-g%C3%A3-mez-l%C3%A3-pez-hern%C3%A3-ndez-syndrome-an-underdiagnosed-syndrome-a-clinical-case
#9
Camila Gálvez V, Isidro Huete, Marta Hernández
INTRODUCTION: Hydrocephalus is defined as complex conditions influenced by genetic and environmental factors. Excluding hydrocephalus acquired from infection or brain tumors, congenital hydrocephalus with a genetic cause may occur isolated (hydrocephalus isolated, pure or non-syndromatic) or as a component of a genetic syndrome (syndromic hydrocephalus). OBJECTIVE: To present a syndromic congenital hydrocephalus with a known diagnosis, in order to be considered in the study of this pathology and to perform a review of hydrocephaly with a genetic cause...
February 2018: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664026/prenatal-screening-for-genetic-disorders-suggested-guidelines-for-the-indian-scenario
#10
REVIEW
Shubha R Phadke, Ratna D Puri, Prajnya Ranganath
Prenatal testing is the best strategy for reducing the burden of genetic disorders and congenital disabilities that cause significant postnatal functional impairment. Universal prenatal screening is advisable for common genetic disorders and congenital anomalies such as Down syndrome, beta-thalassaemia and neural tube defects. Several prenatal-screening tests are now available for Down syndrome, but knowledge about the appropriate timing of the test and the need for pre- and post-test counselling may not be updated among the primary care physicians...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663900/congenital-toxoplasmosis-in-tunisia-prenatal-and-neonatal-diagnosis-and-postnatal-follow-up-of-35-cases
#11
Boudaouara Yosr, Aoun Karim, Maatoug Rania, Souissi Olfa, Bouratbine Aïda, Ben Abdallah Rym
Congenital toxoplasmosis (CT) results from transplacental passage of Toxoplasma gondii to the fetus during acute maternal infection. Our study aims to report clinical and biological patterns of 35 cases of CT diagnosed at the department of the Parasitology of the Pasteur Institute of Tunis and to access the performance of prenatal and early postnatal diagnosis techniques. Serological screening of maternal infection was performed by Immunoglobulin (Ig) M and IgG detection and IgG avidity determination. Prenatal diagnosis was based on both Toxoplasma DNA detection in the amniotic fluid and monthly ultrasound examinations...
April 16, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663712/study-of-normal-and-abnormal-prenatal-development-using-the-kyoto-collection-of-human-embryos
#12
Kohei Shiota
Four topics on normal and abnormal human prenatal development are briefly reviewed. These studies were made possible by using the Kyoto Collection of Human Embryos, the largest collection of human embryo specimens procured after therapeutic abortion. The topics discussed include: (1) variability of human embryo development and implications for clinical teratology, (2) abnormal development in human embryos and intrauterine fate of human conceptuses, (3) holoprosencephaly, and (4) maternal hyperthermia in early pregnancy and birth defects...
April 16, 2018: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663692/profiles-of-gene-expression-in-the-hippocampal-formation-of-rats-with-experimentally-induced-brain-dysplasia
#13
Michal Kielbinski, Zuzanna Setkowicz, Kinga Gzielo, Krzysztof Janeczko
Malformations of cortical development (MCD) are a common cause of intractable seizures in humans. Among these, focal cortical dysplasia (FCD) poses an outstanding challenge. There are several subtypes of FCD that show significant variation in pathology and clinical presentation. All types exhibit disturbed cortical cytoarchitecture and increased propensity for seizures. The etiology is likely heterogenous, with mutations, specifically in genes related to mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), identified in only a subset of cases...
April 16, 2018: Developmental Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663687/what-could-hominoid-fetuses-tell-us-about-human-evolution
#14
Naoki Morimoto
The increasing availability of developmental data on humans and great apes has become essential for furthering our understanding of human evolution. Although postnatal ontogeny is relatively well documented, our knowledge about variation of developmental patterns during the prenatal period among primate species remains lacking. There are various limitations to studying fetuses, but investigating the fetal period, directly or indirectly, has the potential to answer questions that are otherwise difficult to tackle with postnatal examination...
April 16, 2018: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663641/congenital-heart-diseases-and-cardiovascular-abnormalities-in-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome-from-well-established-knowledge-to-new-frontiers
#15
REVIEW
Marta Unolt, Paolo Versacci, Silvia Anaclerio, Caterina Lambiase, Giulio Calcagni, Matteo Trezzi, Adriano Carotti, Terrence Blaine Crowley, Elaine H Zackai, Elizabeth Goldmuntz, James William Gaynor, Maria Cristina Digilio, Donna M McDonald-McGinn, Bruno Marino
Congenital heart diseases (CHDs) and cardiovascular abnormalities are one of the pillars of clinical diagnosis of 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS) and still represent the main cause of mortality in the affected children. In the past 30 years, much progress has been made in describing the anatomical patterns of CHD, in improving their diagnosis, medical treatment, and surgical procedures for these conditions, as well as in understanding the underlying genetic and developmental mechanisms. However, further studies are still needed to better determine the true prevalence of CHDs in 22q11...
April 16, 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662711/segmental-duplication-quantitative-fluorescent-polymerase-chain-reaction-an-approach-for-the-diagnosis-of-down-syndrome-in-india
#16
Ambreen Asim, Sarita Agarwal
Objective: Early detection of high-risk pregnancies for Down syndrome (DS) is the main target of offering prenatal diagnosis. Segmental duplication-quantitative fluorescent-polymerase chain reaction (SD-QF-PCR) can be used as an alternative method for prenatal diagnosis of DS. SD-QF-PCR involves SD sequences between the test and control chromosomes to detect aneuploidies. SD are two similar sequences with different fragment lengths, located on two different chromosomes. When these SD regions are amplified, the peak ratio between the two different chromosomes remains as 0...
March 2018: Turkish Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662606/accouchement-g%C3%A3-mellaire-en-milieu-africain-une-analyse-de-10-ans-dans-le-district-de-bamako-au-mali-twin-deliveries-in-africa-10-years-analysis-in-bamako%C3%A2-s-district-in-mali
#17
Tiounkani Théra, Niani Mounkoro, Soumana Omar Traore, Albachar Hamidou, Mamadou Traore, Saleck Doumbia, Saoudatou Tall, Aminata Kouma
Introduction Aim: It was to determine the factors influencing the prognosis of the second twin's delivery. Methods: The study was retrospective and covered all cases of twin births registered at our maternity from 1st January 2007 to 31st December 2016 (10 years). Results: We recorded 34,899 deliveries among which 1374 twin deliveries (2.54%). Almost 15% were primiparous; 39.16% were referred; 69.10% and 15.5% without prenatal care. The factors negatively influencing prognosis for second twin were: a delay>15 minutes between twin deliveries, delayed caesarean section, non-qualification of the midwife, monochoreal, low birth weight...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662502/sex-dependent-effects-of-developmental-lead-exposure-on-the-brain
#18
REVIEW
Garima Singh, Vikrant Singh, Marissa Sobolewski, Deborah A Cory-Slechta, Jay S Schneider
The role of sex as an effect modifier of developmental lead (Pb) exposure has until recently received little attention. Lead exposure in early life can affect brain development with persisting influences on cognitive and behavioral functioning, as well as, elevated risks for developing a variety of diseases and disorders in later life. Although both sexes are affected by Pb exposure, the incidence, manifestation, and severity of outcomes appears to differ in males and females. Results from epidemiologic and animal studies indicate significant effect modification by sex, however, the results are not consistent across studies...
2018: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662277/the-importance-of-cytogenetics-and-associated-molecular-techniques-in-the-management-of-patients-carrying-robertsonian-translocation-and-their-pregnancy-outcome-by-intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection
#19
Bibhas Kar, Subbiah Sivamani, Shankar Kundavi, Thankam Rama Varma
Objective: The present study outlines three cases of a Robertsonian translocation and the consequences for the initiation of pregnancy by intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Three case histories are presented documenting structural chromosome abnormalities in infertile males. Materials and Methods: Semen analysis was performed according to the World Health Organization guidelines. Chromosome analysis was performed using G-banding. Y chromosome microdeletions were detected by multiplex polymerase chain reaction assays...
April 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662154/parent-of-origin-effect-of-hypomorphic-pathogenic-variants-and-somatic-mosaicism-impact-on-phenotypic-expression-of-retinoblastoma
#20
Valentina Imperatore, Anna Maria Pinto, Elisa Gelli, Eva Trevisson, Valeria Morbidoni, Elisa Frullanti, Theodora Hadjistilianou, Sonia De Francesco, Paolo Toti, Elena Gusson, Gaia Roversi, Andrea Accogli, Valeria Capra, Maria Antonietta Mencarelli, Alessandra Renieri, Francesca Ariani
Retinoblastoma is the most common eye cancer in children. Numerous families have been described displaying reduced penetrance and expressivity. An extensive molecular characterization of seven families led us to characterize the two main mechanisms impacting on phenotypic expression, as follows: (i) mosaicism of amorphic pathogenic variants; and (ii) parent-of-origin-effect of hypomorphic pathogenic variants. Somatic mosaicism for RB1 splicing variants (c.1960+5G>C and c.2106+2T>C), leading to a complete loss of function was demonstrated by high-depth NGS in two families...
April 17, 2018: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
keyword
keyword
1259
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"