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Francesca Biscaglia, Senthilkumar Rajendran, Paolo Conflitti, Clara Benna, Roberta Sommaggio, Lucio Litti, Simone Mocellin, Gianfranco Bocchinfuso, Antonio Rosato, Antonio Palleschi, Donato Nitti, Marina Gobbo, Moreno Meneghetti
Plasmonic nanostructures show important properties for biotechnological applications, but they have to be guided on the target for exploiting their potentialities. Antibodies are the natural molecules for targeting. However, their possible adverse immunogenic activity and their cost have suggested finding other valid substitutes. Small molecules like peptides can be an alternative source of targeting agents, even if, as single molecules, their binding affinity is usually not very good. GE11 is a small dodecapeptide with specific binding to the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and low immunogenicity...
September 25, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Qi Wang, Yudi Tu, Takashi Ichii, Toru Utsunomiya, Hiroyuki Sugimura, Lifeng Hao, Rongguo Wang, Xiaodong He
Photodetection in a visible light region is important in various applications, including computation, environmental monitoring, biological detection and industrial control. Due to this, research studies to develop photoconductive devices have great significance. We report a study on the photoconductivity of reduced graphene oxide (rGO)/gold nanoparticle (AuNP) nanocomposites, emphasizing the enhancement effect induced by AuNPs. rGO/AuNP photoelectric devices were prepared by spincoating rGO onto an AuNP-array-covered silicon substrate...
September 25, 2017: Nanoscale
Bin Ai, Pradip Basnet, Steven Larson, Whitney Ingram, Yiping Zhao
Using the difference of the polarization transmission spectra of elliptical nanohole arrays (ENAs), the figure of merit (FOM) of the sensor performance of ENA can be significantly improved, and is inversely proportional to the measurement resolution. By optimizing the aspect ratio of the elliptical holes, Ag thickness, substrate-effect, and adhesive layer, the sensitivity, FOM, and relative sensitivity of the ENA can be improved to be 775 nm RIU(-1), 705 RIU(-1), and 70.23%, respectively, with an excellent linear dependence on the change of refractive index...
September 25, 2017: Nanoscale
Hyelim Kang, Yongjoon Heo, Dong Jae Kim, Ju Hyeon Kim, Tae Yoon Jeon, Soojeong Cho, Hye-Mi So, Won Seok Chang, Shin-Hyun Kim
Droplet-guiding superhydrophobic SERS substrates are created by a combinatorial lithographic technique. Photolithography defines the pattern of a micropillar array with a radial density gradient, whereas colloidal lithography features a nanotip array on the top surface of each micropillar. The nanotip array renders the surface superhydrophobic and the pattern of micropillars endows the radial gradient of contact angle, enabling the spontaneous droplet migration toward the center of the pattern. Water droplets containing target molecules are guided to the center and the molecules dissolved in the droplets are concentrated at the surface of the central micropillar during droplet evaporation...
September 25, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Charles K A Nyamekye, Stephen C Weibel, Jonathan M Bobbitt, Emily A Smith
Directional-surface-plasmon-coupled Raman scattering (directional RS) has the combined benefits of surface plasmon resonance and Raman spectroscopy, and provides the ability to measure adsorption and monolayer-sensitive chemical information. Directional RS is performed by optically coupling a 50 nm gold film to a Weierstrass prism in the Kretschmann configuration and scanning the angle of the incident laser under total internal reflection. The collected parameters on the prism side of the interface include a full surface-plasmon-polariton cone and the full Raman signal radiating from the cone as a function of incident angle...
September 25, 2017: Analyst
Steven J Madsen, Majid Esfandyarpour, Mark L Brongersma, Robert Sinclair
Gold plasmonic nanostructures with several different adhesion layers have been studied with monochromated electron energy loss spectroscopy in the scanning transmission electron microscope (STEM-EELS) and with surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS). Compared to samples with no adhesion layer, those with 2nm of Cr or Ti show broadened, lower intensity plasmon peaks as measured with EELS. This broadening is observed in both optically active ("bright") and inactive ("dark") plasmon modes. When the former are probed with SERS, the signal enhancement factor is lower for samples with Cr or Ti, another indication of reduced plasmon resonance...
February 15, 2017: ACS Photonics
Jie Yang, Katarina Koruza, Zoë Fisher, Wolfgang Knecht, Lars Baltzer
The small molecule inhibitor acetazolamide (AZM) was conjugated to a set of designed polypeptides and the resulting conjugates were evaluated for their affinity to Human Carbonic Anhydrase II (HCA II) using surface plasmon resonance. The dissociation constant of the AZM-HCA II complex was 38nM and that of the AZM conjugated polypeptide (4-C10L17-AZM) to HCA II was found to be 4nM, an affinity enhancement of a factor of 10 due to polypeptide conjugation. For Human Carbonic Anhydrase IX (HCA IX) the dissociation constant of AZM was 3nM, whereas that of the 4-C10L17-AZM conjugate was 90pM, a 33-fold affinity enhancement...
September 14, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Nico Langer, Franziska Steinicke, Rainer Lindigkeit, Ludger Ernst, Till Beuerle
One of the main reasons for the rise in popularity of synthetic cannabinoids (SCs) is their ability to remain unrecognized in conventional drug screenings. Due to their structural diversity, caused by the constant introduction of new substances to circumvent legal regulation, antibodies with a wide range of cross-reactivity are necessary for the establishment of a reliable immunological based drug test. Therefore, high-quality binding data are needed to select promising antibody candidates for further development...
September 18, 2017: Forensic Science International
Filomena Guida, Anna Battisti, Ivan Gladich, Mauro Buzzo, Elena Marangon, Luciana Giodini, Giuseppe Toffoli, Alessandro Laio, Federico Berti
One of the main targets in current clinical oncology is the development of a cheap device capable of monitoring in real-time the concentration of a drug in the blood of a patient. This would allow fine-tuning the dosage according to the patient's metabolism, a key condition to reduce side effects. By using surface plasmon resonance and fluorescence spectroscopy we here show that short peptides designed in silico by a recently developed algorithm are capable of binding the anticancer drug irinotecan (CPT-11) with micromolar affinity...
September 14, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Lina Chen, Xiaoling Wei, Xuechang Zhou, Zhuang Xie, Kan Li, Qifeng Ruan, Chaojian Chen, Jianfang Wang, Chad A Mirkin, Zijian Zheng
Au nanostructures are remarkably important in a wide variety of fields for decades. The fabrication of Au nanostructures typically requires time-consuming and expensive electron-beam lithography (EBL) that operates in vacuum. To address this challenge, this paper reports the development of massive dip-pen nanodisplacement lithography (DNL) as a desktop fabrication tool, which allows high-throughput and rational design of arbitrary Au nanopatterns in ambient condition. Large-area (1 cm(2) ) and uniform (<10% variation) Au nanostructures as small as 70 nm are readily fabricated, with a throughput 100-fold higher than that of conventional EBL...
September 20, 2017: Small
Chunlian Mei, Shuai Liu, Xu Huang, Zhikai Gan, Peiqi Zhou, Hui Wang
Surface plasmon-based approaches are widely applied to improve the efficiency of photoelectric devices such as photosensors and photocells. In order to promote the light absorption and electron-hole pair generation in devices, metallodielectric nanostructures are used to boost the growth of surface plasmons. Here, silicon nanowires (SiNWs) are used to modify a metal-semiconductor structure; thus, Ag/SiNWs/Si is manufactured. In this system, a large increased lateral photovoltaic effect (LPE) is detected with a maximum positional sensitivity of 65...
September 22, 2017: Small
Lynn Yap, Sadasivam Murali, Gajadhar Bhakta, Drew M Titmarsh, Allen Kuan-Liang Chen, Lyn Chiin Sim, Muriel Bardor, Yu Ming Lim, James C H Goh, Steve K W Oh, Andre B H Choo, Andre J van Wijnen, David E Robinson, Jason D Whittle, William R Birch, Robert D Short, Victor Nurcombe, Simon M Cool
Functionalizing medical devices with polypeptides to enhance their performance has become important for improved clinical success. The extracellular matrix (ECM) adhesion protein vitronectin (VN) is an effective coating, although the chemistry used to attach VN often reduces its bioactivity. In vivo, VN binds the ECM in a sequence-dependent manner with heparan sulfate (HS) glycosaminoglycans. We reasoned therefore that sequence-based affinity chromatography could be used to isolate a VN-binding HS fraction (HS9) for use as a coating material to capture VN onto implant surfaces...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
Zhe Xu, Zhongwen Fan, Zhan Shi, Mengyu Li, Jianyong Feng, Lang Pei, Chenguang Zhou, Junkang Zhou, Lingxia Yang, Wenchao Li, Guangzhou Xu, Shicheng Yan, Zhigang Zou
Plasmon resonance effect of metal nanoparticles (NPs) offers a promising route to improve the solar energy conversion efficiency of semiconductors. Here, we found that the hot electrons generated by plasmon resonance effect of Au NPs tend to inject into the surface states instead of the conduction band of Fe2O3 photoanodes, then the severe surface recombination occurs. Such an electron transfer process seems to be independent on external applied potentials, but is sensitive to metal-semiconductor interface properties...
September 21, 2017: ChemSusChem
Tian Sun, Yongjie Wang, Wenzhi Yu, Yusheng Wang, Zhigao Dai, Zeke Liu, Bannur Nanjunda Shivananju, Yupeng Zhang, Kai Fu, Babar Shabbir, Wanli Ma, Shaojuan Li, Qiaoliang Bao
The integration of graphene with colloidal quantum dots (QDs) that have tunable light absorption affords new opportunities for optoelectronic applications as such a hybrid system solves the problem of both quantity and mobility of photocarriers. In this work, a hybrid system comprising of monolayer graphene and self-doped colloidal copper phosphide (Cu3-x P) QDs is developed for efficient broadband photodetection. Unlike conventional PbS QDs that are toxic, Cu3-x P QDs are environmental friendly and have plasmonic resonant absorption in near-infrared (NIR) wavelength...
September 22, 2017: Small
Ville Liljeström, Ari Ora, Jukka Hassinen, Heikki T Rekola, Nonappa, Maria Heilala, Ville Hynninen, Jussi J Joensuu, Robin H A Ras, Päivi Törmä, Olli Ikkala, Mauri A Kostiainen
Material properties depend critically on the packing and order of constituent units throughout length scales. Beyond classically explored molecular self-assembly, structure formation in the nanoparticle and colloidal length scales have recently been actively explored for new functions. Structure of colloidal assemblies depends strongly on the assembly process, and higher structural control can be reliably achieved only if the process is deterministic. Here we show that self-assembly of cationic spherical metal nanoparticles and anionic rod-like viruses yields well-defined binary superlattice wires...
September 22, 2017: Nature Communications
Surendra Shinde, Dae-Young Kim, Rijuta Ganesh Saratale, Asad Syed, Fuad Ameen, Gajanan Ghodake
A simple green route has been developed for the synthesis of casein peptide functionalized gold nanoparticles (AuNPs), in which casein peptide acts as a reducing as well as the stabilizing agent. In this report, AuNPs have been characterized on the basis of spectroscopic and microscopic results; which showed selective and sensitive response toward Al(3+) in aqueous media, and Al(3+) induces aggregation of AuNPs. The sensing study performed for Al(3+) revealed that the color change from red to blue was due to a red-shift in the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) band and the formation of aggregated species of AuNPs...
September 22, 2017: Nanomaterials
Riski Titian Ginting, Sandeep Kaur, Dong-Kwon Lim, Jung-Mu Kim, Joong-Hee Lee, Seung Hee Lee, Jae-Wook Kang
Herein, a novel strategy is presented for enhancing light absorption by incorporating gold nanostars (Au NSs) into both the active layer of organic solar cells (OSCs) and the rear-contact hole transport layer (HTL) of perovskite solar cells (PSCs). We demonstrate that the power conversion efficiencies of OSCs and PSCs with embedded Au NSs are improved by 6% and 14%, respectively. We find that pegylated Au NSs are greatly dispersable in chlorobenzene solvent, which enabled complete blending of Au NSs with the active layer...
September 22, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Sukwoo Jang, Kyungtae Kim, Jonghyuk Jeon, Donghwi Kang, Byeong-Hyeok Sohn
Supracolloidal chains of diblock copolymer micelles were functionalized with gold and silver nanoparticles (NPs). Both NPs were independently synthesized in situ in the core of spherical micelles which were then converted to patchy micelles. With these patchy micelles as colloidal monomers, supracolloidal chains were polymerized by combining the patches of neighboring micelles. Since all micelles contained NPs, NPs were incorporated in every repeat unit of chains. In addition, a single gold NP was synthesized in the micellar core in contrast to several silver NPs so that we differentiated the chains with Au NPs from those with Ag NPs by the number of NPs in the repeat unit as well as by plasmonic bands in UV-Vis spectra...
September 22, 2017: Soft Matter
Jeong-Eun Park, Jiyeon Kim, Jwa-Min Nam
Localised surface plasmon resonance endows plasmonic nanostructures with unique, powerful properties such as photoluminescence enhancement, which is a phenomenon based on the interaction between light and a metal nanostructure. In particular, photoluminescence modulation and enhancement are of importance to many research fields such as photonics, plasmonics and biosensing. In this minireview, we introduce basic principles of plasmonic-nanostructure photoluminescence and recently reported plasmonic nanostructures exhibiting surface-enhanced fluorescence and direct photoluminescence, with one-photon photoluminescence being of particular interest...
July 1, 2017: Chemical Science
Yakov Galutin, Eran Falek, Alina Karabchevsky
A new, composite plasmonic waveguide based electromagnetic cloaking scheme is proposed with Si nano-spacer. Here we show, that the scattering fields of an object located on the cloak do not interact with the evanescent field, resulting in object's invisibility. Finite difference time domain (FDTD) numerical calculations were performed to extract the modal distributions and surface intensities on a composite plasmonic waveguide with a metasurface overlayer. Spatially varying effective permittivity was analytically calculated using transformation optics...
September 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
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