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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224960/-elderly-women-and-alcohol
#1
Alba Moscato
It is important to understand the reasons for alcohol abuse in elderly people and in particular women. Psychological suffering must be envisaged. This behaviour can be considered as a necessary narcissistic retreat when ageing. The mental health of these women should be taken into account when providing them with help when they want it. This involves understanding them and supporting them as they adjust to the passage of time.
January 2017: Soins. Gérontologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191317/intersect-between-self-esteem-and-emotion-regulation-in-narcissistic-personality-disorder-implications-for-alliance-building-and-treatment
#2
REVIEW
Elsa Ronningstam
Building an alliance with patients with pathological narcissism or narcissistic personality disorder, NPD, can be challenging and include avoidance, negative reactivity and disruptions. A main contributing factor can be the complex interaction between emotion and self-esteem regulation, which affects patients' ability to engage in a therapeutic alliance and treatment. Recent studies, especially in neuroscience have identified functional characteristic and compromises in self-esteem and emotion regulation related to NPD...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170106/narcissism-and-social-networking-behavior-a-meta-analysis
#3
Timo Gnambs, Markus Appel
OBJECTIVE: The increasing popularity of social networking sites (SNS) such as Facebook and Twitter has given rise to speculations that the intensity of using these platforms is associated with narcissistic tendencies. However, recent research on this issue has been all but conclusive. METHOD: We present a three-level, random-effects meta-analysis including 289 effect sizes from 57 studies (total N = 25,631) on the association between trait narcissism and social networking behavior...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170100/vulnerable-narcissism-is-mostly-a-disorder-of-neuroticism
#4
Joshua D Miller, Donald R Lynam, Colin Vize, Michael Crowe, Chelsea Sleep, Jessica L Maples-Keller, Lauren R Few, W Keith Campbell
OBJECTIVE: Increasing attention has been paid to the distinction between the dimensions of narcissistic grandiosity and vulnerability. We examine the degree to which basic traits underlie vulnerable narcissism with a particular emphasis on the importance of neuroticism and agreeableness. METHODS: Across four samples (undergraduate, online community, clinical-community), we conduct dominance analyses to partition the variance predicted in vulnerable narcissism by the five-factor model personality domains...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147290/personality-traits-and-psychotic-symptoms-in-recent-onset-of-psychosis-patients
#5
Julia Sevilla-Llewellyn-Jones, Pablo Cano-Domínguez, Antonia de-Luis-Matilla, Inmaculada Peñuelas-Calvo, Alberto Espina-Eizaguirre, Berta Moreno-Kustner, Susana Ochoa
OBJECTIVE: Personality in patients with psychosis, and particularly its relation to psychotic symptoms in recent onset of psychosis (ROP) patients, is understudied. The aims of this research were to study the relation between dimensional and categorical clinical personality traits and symptoms, as well as the effects that symptoms, sex and age have on clinically significant personality traits. METHODS: Data for these analyses were obtained from 94 ROP patients. The Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory and the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale were used to assess personality and symptoms...
January 14, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144225/the-selfie-paradox-nobody-seems-to-like-them-yet-everyone-has-reasons-to-take-them-an-exploration-of-psychological-functions-of-selfies-in-self-presentation
#6
Sarah Diefenbach, Lara Christoforakos
Selfies appear as a double-edged phenomenon. Taking, posting, and viewing selfies has become a daily habit for many. At the same time, research revealed that selfies often evoke criticism and disrespect, and are associated with non-authenticity and narcissism. The present study (N = 238) sheds further light on the somewhat contradictory phenomenon of selfies and their psychological value. In addition to previous studies on selfies and personality traits, the present research explores relations to popular, habitual self-presentation strategies, self-reflections on own and others' selfie-taking behavior, selfie-related affect, and perceived consequences of selfies, by applying a combination of self-constructed and existing scales [e...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135155/masochism-a-mixed-method-analysis-of-its-development-psychological-function-and-conceptual-evolution
#7
Vera Békés, J Christopher Perry, Brian M Robertson
This article reviewed the concept of masochism by using a mixed-method approach to analyze 23 publications from 1924 to 2012 by authors from different psychoanalytic schools. Qualitative analysis showed that most authors emphasized painful early attachments, early injury of self-representation, identification with an abusing parent, and narcissistic injury as core experiences in the early childhood of patients with masochism. The main psychological function of masochism was described as a way of avoiding uncontrollable suffering by willingly undertaking other, milder, more controllable suffering...
February 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132598/the-narcissism-spectrum-model
#8
Zlatan Krizan, Anne D Herlache
The narcissism spectrum model synthesizes extensive personality, social-psychological, and clinical evidence, building on existing knowledge about narcissistic grandiosity and vulnerability to reveal a view of narcissism that respects its clinical origins, embraces the diversity and complexity of its expression, and reflects extensive scientific evidence about the continuity between normal and abnormal personality expression. Critically, the proposed model addresses three key, inter-related problems that have plagued narcissism scholarship for more than a century...
January 1, 2017: Personality and Social Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123136/association-of-adaptive-and-maladaptive-narcissism-with-personal-burnout-findings-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Roland VON Känel, Raphael M Herr, Annelies E M VAN Vianen, Burkhard Schmidt
Burnout is associated with poor mental and physical functioning and high costs for societies. Personality attributes may critically increase the risk of personal burnout. We specifically examined whether narcissism associates with personal burnout in a working population. We studied n=1461employees (mean age 41.3±9.4 years, 52% men) drawn from a random sample of a pharmaceutical company in Germany. All participants completed the personal burnout subscale of the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory and the Narcissistic Personality Inventory to assess maladaptive (entitlement/exploitativeness) and adaptive (leadership/authority) narcissism...
January 25, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095002/the-personality-context-of-relational-aggression-a-five-factor-model-profile-analysis
#10
Kathleen W Reardon, Jennifer L Tackett, Don Lynam
Relational aggression (RAgg) is a form of behavior intended to damage the victim's social status or interpersonal relationships through the use of purposeful interpersonal manipulation or social exclusion (Archer & Coyne, 2005). RAgg is impairing, stable, and largely defined by dysfunctional patterns of interpersonal interactions-all of which invokes comparisons to personality and, more specifically, personality pathology. Leveraging research using the Five Factor Model (FFM) in personality disorder (PD) work, the present study aims to understand the personality context of RAgg by applying this FFM profile approach in 2 ways: (a) by compiling a personality profile of RAgg based on a thorough review of the relevant literature and (b) by compiling a personality profile of RAgg based on expert ratings (N = 19)...
January 16, 2017: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068502/-our-time-is-up-a-relational-perspective-on-the-ending-of-a-single-psychotherapy-session
#11
Jerome S Gans
This paper, written from a relational perspective, examines the final minutes of an individual psychotherapy session, and is organized around the topics of boundary negotiation, unwitting self-disclosures, visual challenges, and countertransference. Attending to session-ending material is important because the separation involved lends heightened emotional intensity to the oftensignificant material that appears in the final minutes. This material often serves as a bridge to the psychotherapeutic work to be taken up in subsequent sessions...
December 31, 2016: American Journal of Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064516/using-dominance-analysis-to-decompose-narcissism-and-its-relation-to-aggression-and-externalizing-outcomes
#12
Colin E Vize, Katherine L Collison, Michael L Crowe, W Keith Campbell, Joshua D Miller, Donald R Lynam
Research on narcissism has shown it to be multidimensional construct. As such, the relations the larger construct bear with certain outcomes may mask heterogeneity apparent at the more basic trait level. This article used the Five Factor Narcissism Inventory, a Five-Factor Model-based measure of narcissism that allows for multiple levels of analysis, to examine the relative importance of narcissistic traits in relation to aggression, externalizing behavior, and self-esteem outcomes in two independent samples...
January 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004471/chiral-self-sorting-of-2-3-salicylimine-cage-compounds
#13
Daniel Beaudoin, Frank Rominger, Michael Mastalerz
An inherently chiral C3 -symmetric triaminotribenzotriquinacene was condensed in racemic and enantiomerically pure form with a bis(salicylaldehyde) to form [2+3] salicylimine cage compounds. Investigations on the chiral self-sorting revealed that while entropy favors narcissistic self-sorting in solution, selective social self-sorting can be achieved by exploiting the difference in solubility between the homochiral and heterochiral cages. Gas sorption measurements further showed that seemingly small structural differences can have a significant impact on the surface area of microporous covalent cage compounds...
December 22, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983839/palladium-mediated-catalysis-leads-to-intramolecular-narcissistic-self-sorting-on-a-cavitand-platform
#14
Zoltán Nagymihály, Naidel A M S Caturello, Anikó Takátsy, Gemma Aragay, László Kollár, Rodrigo Q Albuquerque, Zsolt Csók
Palladium-catalyzed aminocarbonylation reactions have been used to directly convert a tetraiodocavitand intermediate into the corresponding carboxamides and 2-ketocarboxamides. When complex mixtures of the amine reactants are employed in competition experiments using polar solvents, such as DMF, no "mixed" products possessing structurally different amide fragments are detected either by (1)H or (13)C NMR. Only highly symmetrical cavitands are sorted out of a large number of potentially feasible products, which represents a rare example of intramolecular, narcissistic self-sorting...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977847/the-social-present-the-duration-of-the-shared-now-in-dyads-is-linked-with-personality
#15
Wolfgang Tschacher, Fabian Ramseyer, Sander L Koole
OBJECTIVE: The social present is a novel descriptor of dyadic nowness and social sharing, extending research on individual nowness (James' specious present) to the interpersonal and intersubjective domain. We wished to connect this descriptor to personality attributes. METHOD: We define the social present by the duration of significant nonverbal synchrony, based on the phenomenon of movement synchrony that generally emerges in social interactions. It is thus an implicit and objective measure that can be implemented by automated video analyses...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922907/stability-and-change-in-personality-disorder-symptoms-in-1-year-follow-up-of-depressed-adolescent-outpatients
#16
Thea Strandholm, Olli Kiviruusu, Linnea Karlsson, Maiju Pankakoski, Mirjami Pelkonen, Mauri Marttunen
We investigated stability and change in personality disorder (PD) symptoms and whether depression severity, comorbid clinical psychiatric disorders, and social support predict changes in personality pathology among adolescent outpatients. The 1-year outcome of PD symptoms among consecutive adolescent psychiatric outpatients with depressive disorders (N = 189) was investigated with symptom count of depression, comorbid psychiatric disorders, and perceived social support as predictors. An overall decrease in PD symptoms in most PD categories was observed...
January 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920739/narcissistic-traits-and-explicit-self-esteem-the-moderating-role-of-implicit-self-view
#17
Rossella Di Pierro, Simone Mattavelli, Marcello Gallucci
Objective: Whilst the relationship between narcissism and self-esteem has been studied for a long time, findings are still controversial. The majority of studies investigated narcissistic grandiosity (NG), neglecting the existence of vulnerable manifestations of narcissism. Moreover, recent studies have shown that grandiosity traits are not always associated with inflated explicit self-esteem. The aim of the present study is to investigate the relationship between narcissistic traits and explicit self-esteem, distinguishing between grandiosity and vulnerability...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893225/correction-to-fossati-et-al-2016
#18
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Profiling Pathological Narcissism According to DSM-5 Domains and Traits: A Study on Consecutively Admitted Italian Psychotherapy Patients" by Andrea Fossati, Antonella Somma, Serena Borroni, Aaron L. Pincus, Kristian E. Markon and Robert F. Krueger (Psychological Assessment, Advanced Online Publication, Jun 23, 2016, np). In the original article, several values were reversed and the mean was misreported in Table 2. The corrected Table 2 is provided in the erratum. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2016-31181-001...
November 28, 2016: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874319/grandiose-and-vulnerable-narcissism-materialism-money-attitudes-and-consumption-preferences
#19
Irena Pilch, Małgorzata E Górnik-Durose
Narcissism is increasingly being investigated in the context of consumer attitudes and behavior. Previous research showed that narcissism is reflected in materialistic tendencies and money-related attitudes. However, almost all of these studies concerned the grandiose type of narcissism. We examined relationships of both grandiose and vulnerable narcissism with materialism, money attitudes, and consumption preferences in a nonstudent sample. The results showed that the two types of narcissism are equally associated with materialism and a tendency to conspicuous (public) consumption...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869307/stupidity-in-the-analytic-field-vicissitudes-of-the-detachment-process-in-adolescence
#20
Roosevelt M S Cassorla
This paper has the objective of broadening the understanding of technical aspects in working with adolescents who defend themselves against detachment from infantile aspects through defensive organizations. These organizations numb the adolescent toward both triangular reality and narcissistic defenses. The families of such young people may be part of the organization and the analyst can also be recruited to participate in it. But the analyst's perception can become blurry and this fact makes him appear stupid...
November 21, 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
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