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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429631/household-food-insecurity-among-people-living-with-hiv-in-sagamu-nigeria-a-preliminary-study
#1
Oluwafolahan O Sholeye, Victor J Animasahun, Albert A Salako, Bankole K Oyewole
BACKGROUND: Household food insecurity has been associated with increased risk of transmission of HIV infection and poor treatment outcomes. This study therefore determined the prevalence of household food insecurity and its associated factors among people living with HIV in Sagamu, Ogun State, Nigeria. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out among 244 adult clients accessing care and support at the teaching hospital in Sagamu, Nigeria, selected via systematic sampling...
January 1, 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429158/food-insecurity-substance-use-and-sexual-transmission-risk-behavior-among-people-living-with-hiv-a-daily-level-analysis
#2
Jennifer A Pellowski, Tania B Huedo-Medina, Seth C Kalichman
People living with HIV in poverty have limited tangible and mental resources coupled with competing demands for these resources. Competing demands require individuals to make choices that may be beneficial to them in the short term but not in the long term. Past research has shown that food insecurity is related to sexual risk behaviors among people living with HIV. Individuals who are food insecure may sell sex in order to obtain food or lack of food may lead to a depletion of mental resources to negotiate safe sex...
April 20, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429061/natural-resource-management-schemes-as-entry-points-for-integrated-landscape-approaches-evidence-from-ghana-and-burkina-faso
#3
Samson Foli, Mirjam A F Ros-Tonen, James Reed, Terry Sunderland
In recognition of the failures of sectoral approaches to overcome global challenges of biodiversity loss, climate change, food insecurity and poverty, scientific discourse on biodiversity conservation and sustainable development is shifting towards integrated landscape governance arrangements. Current landscape initiatives however very much depend on external actors and funding, raising the question of whether, and how, and under what conditions, locally embedded resource management schemes can serve as entry points for the implementation of integrated landscape approaches...
April 20, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426678/nutrition-education-improves-dietary-diversity-of-children-6-23-months-at-community-level-results-from-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-in-malawi
#4
Judith Kuchenbecker, Anika Reinbott, Beatrice Mtimuni, Michael B Krawinkel, Irmgard Jordan
BACKGROUND: Low dietary quality and quantity and inappropriate feeding practices can cause undernutrition. Poor nutritional status in early childhood is associated with growth faltering. The objective of the study was to assess the potential of community-based nutrition education to improve height-for-age z-scores in children 6-23 months of age. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We carried out a cluster-randomized-controlled trial to assess the effectiveness of nutrition education...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425899/associations-between-the-local-food-environment-and-the-severity-of-food-insecurity-among-new-families-using-community-food-security-interventions-in-montreal
#5
Elsury Pérez, Federico Roncarolo, Louise Potvin
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between the local food environment and the severity of food insecurity among new families using community food security interventions in Montreal. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we analyzed baseline data from 785 adults aged 18-65 years enrolled in the evaluation of the effects of organizations delivering community food security interventions in Montreal. The dependent variable was household food insecurity, while the independent variable was the local food environment, assessed through: location of the most frequently used grocery store, distance between the participant's residence and the community organization used, mode of transportation, walking time to the most frequently used grocery store, satisfaction with the acceptability and affordability of food available at the most frequently used grocery store, and self-reported difficulties in accessing food...
April 20, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418728/prevalence-and-predictors-of-food-insecurity-among-people-living-with-hiv-enrolled-in-antiretroviral-therapy-and-livelihood-programs-in-two-rural-zambian-hospitals
#6
Rainier Masa, Gina Chowa, Victor Nyirenda
The objective of this study was to examine the prevalence and predictors of food insecurity among people living with HIV (PLHIV) in two rural communities in Zambia. A cross-sectional sample of 101 PLHIV was surveyed using the Household Food Insecurity Access Scale. In multivariable linear regression models, income, household possessions, and perceived coping strategies were significantly associated with decreased food insecurity. Debt and perceived mental distress were significantly associated with increased food insecurity...
April 18, 2017: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417433/investigating-responses-to-food-insecurity-among-hiv-positive-people-in-resource-rich-settings-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
F H McKay, K Lippi, M Dunn
Many of the 36.7 million people living with HIV are also assumed to be food insecure. The implications of food insecurity in people living with HIV are significant, with food insecurity associated with an increased likelihood of tobacco, alcohol, and illicit drug use, experiences of depression or depressive symptoms, poor adherence and delayed uptake of HIV medication, nutritional vulnerability leading to interference of medication, and the uptake of risky behaviours as a way to gain access to food resources...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410375/coping-strategies-related-to-food-insecurity-at-the-household-level-in-bangladesh
#8
Fahmida Dil Farzana, Ahmed Shafiqur Rahman, Sabiha Sultana, Mohammad Jyoti Raihan, Md Ahshanul Haque, Jillian L Waid, Nuzhat Choudhury, Tahmeed Ahmed
INTRODUCTION: In connection to food insecurity, adaptation of new techniques or alteration of regular behavior is executed that translates to coping strategies. This paper has used data from food security and nutrition surveillance project (FSNSP), which collects information from a nationally representative sample in Bangladesh on coping behaviors associated with household food insecurity. To complement the current understanding of different coping strategies implemented by the Bangladeshi households, the objective of this paper has been set to examine the demographic and socio-economic characteristics of the food insecure households which define their propensity towards adaptation of different types of coping strategies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408936/household-food-insecurity-and-its-association-with-nutritional-status-of-children-6-59-months-of-age-in-east-badawacho-district-south-ethiopia
#9
Bealu Betebo, Tekle Ejajo, Fissahaye Alemseged, Desalegn Massa
Background. Ethiopia has one of the highest child malnutrition rates in the world. Food insecurity is one of the determinant factors of malnutrition in developing countries; however its role remains unclear. Objective. To assess household food insecurity and its association with the nutritional status of children 6-59 months of age in East Badawacho District, South Ethiopia. Methods. A community based cross-sectional study was conducted from February 20 to 30, 2014 on a sample of 508 mother/child pairs of 6-59-month-old children...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407601/changes-in-household-food-insecurity-are-related-to-changes-in-bmi-and-diet-quality-among-michigan-head-start-preschoolers-in-a-sex-specific-manner
#10
Erica C Jansen, Nicole Kasper, Julie C Lumeng, Holly E Brophy Herb, Mildred A Horodynski, Alison L Miller, Dawn Contreras, Karen E Peterson
Children living in households that have recently become food insecure may be particularly vulnerable to adverse weight and dietary changes, but longitudinal studies examining these associations are lacking. Using data from 501 Head Start preschoolers from Michigan (48% male) who were followed during one school year as a part of a randomized obesity prevention trial, we examined changes in children's adiposity indices and dietary quality according to changes in household food insecurity. Household food insecurity change status was categorized as persistently food secure, became food secure, persistently food insecure, or became food insecure...
April 4, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407566/-i-started-working-because-i-was-hungry-the-consequences-of-food-insecurity-for-children-s-well-being-in-rural-ethiopia
#11
Virginia Morrow, Yisak Tafere, Nardos Chuta, Ina Zharkevich
Food insecurity, the state of being without reliable access to a sufficient quantity of safe, nutritious food, is a persistent problem in rural Ethiopia. However, little qualitative research has explored how food insecurity affects children over time, from their point of view. What are the effects of economic 'shocks' such as illness, death, loss of livestock, drought and inflation on availability of food, and children's well-being? To what extent do social protection schemes (in this case, the Productive Safety Net Programme) mitigate the long-term effects of food insecurity for children? The paper uses a life-course approach, drawing on analysis of four rounds of qualitative longitudinal research conducted in 2007, 2008, 2011 and 2014, with eight case study children, as part of Young Lives, an ongoing cohort study...
April 6, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406526/changes-in-the-nutritional-quality-of-five-mangifera-species-harvested-in-two-maturity-stages
#12
Ignacio Barbosa Gámez, Karla P Caballero Montoya, Noris Ledesma, Sonia G Sáyago Ayerdi, María de Lourdes Gacía-Magaña, Eric J von Wettberg, Efigenia Montalvo-González
BACKGROUND: There are 69 species of edible Mangifera recognized in Southeast Asia. Most of these species have not been characterized for nutritional properties. Here we describe the nutritional quality of the pulp of several Mangifera species: Mangifera casturi, Mangifera lalijiwa, Mangifera odorata, Mangifera zeylanica and two cultivars of Mangifera indica 'Tommy-Kent' and 'Tommy Atkins' at two maturity stages. RESULTS: The results show that nutritional quality varied with the maturity stage and among the species...
April 13, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398257/the-life-course-implications-of-ready-to-use-therapeutic-food-for-children-in-low-income-countries
#13
Alessandra N Bazzano, Kaitlin S Potts, Lydia A Bazzano, John B Mason
The development of ready-to-use therapeutic food (RUTF) for the treatment of uncomplicated cases of severe acute malnutrition in young children from 6 months to 5 years old has greatly improved survival through the ability to treat large numbers of malnourished children in the community setting rather than at health facilities during emergencies. This success has led to a surge in demand for RUTF in low income countries that are frequently food insecure due to environmental factors such as cyclical drought...
April 11, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397527/it-helps-me-live-sends-my-children-to-school-and-feeds-me-a-qualitative-study-of-how-food-and-cash-incentives-may-improve-adherence-to-treatment-and-care-among-adults-living-with-hiv-in-tanzania
#14
Nancy L Czaicki, Agatha Mnyippembe, Madeline Blodgett, Prosper Njau, Sandra I McCoy
Financial and in-kind incentives have been shown to improve outcomes along the HIV care cascade, however the potential mechanismsthrough which they work remain unclear. To identify the pathways through which incentives improve retention in care and adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART), we conducted a qualitative study with participants in a trial evaluating conditional food and cash incentives for HIV-positive food insecure adults in Shinyanga, Tanzania. We found that the incentives acted through three pathways to potentially increase retention in care and adherence to ART: (1) addressing competing needs and offsetting opportunity costs associated with clinic attendance, (2) alleviating stress associated with attending clinic and meeting basic needs, and (3) by potentially increasing motivation...
April 11, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386304/results-of-a-pilot-intervention-in-food-shelves-to-improve-healthy-eating-and-cooking-skills-among-adults-experiencing-food-insecurity
#15
Caitlin Eicher Caspi, Cynthia Davey, Robin Friebur, Marilyn S Nanney
Since the start of the 2007 economic downturn, reliance on emergency food assistance suppliers (e.g., food pantries, also known as food shelves) has increased. Many food shelves strive to provide effective nutrition programs to serve their clients, even while they are faced with a scarcity of resources. Rigorous evaluation of the impact of such programming on dietary outcomes is, therefore, warranted. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a pilot cooking and nutrition education intervention among food shelf clients...
2017: Journal of Hunger & Environmental Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384732/clinic-to-community-models-to-address-food-insecurity
#16
Ellen Barnidge, Sandra Stenmark, Hilary Seligman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 3, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384012/homeless-and-older-veterans-may-be-at-risk-for-malnutrition-and-food-insecurity
#17
Nancy Lutwak, Curt Dill
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 6, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382892/effect-of-12-month-intervention-with-lipid-based-nutrient-supplement-on-the-physical-activity-of-malawian-toddlers-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
A Pulakka, Y B Cheung, K Maleta, K G Dewey, C Kumwenda, J Bendabenda, U Ashorn, P Ashorn
Physical activity is beneficial for children's well-being. The effect of dietary supplementation on children's physical activity in food-insecure areas remains little studied. We examined the effects of a lipid-based nutrient supplement (LNS) on children's objectively measured physical activity in a randomised, controlled, outcome-assessor-blinded trial. Mothers of the children received one capsule daily of Fe-folic acid (IFA), one capsule containing eighteen micronutrients (MMN) or one 20 g sachet of LNS (containing twenty-two MMN, protein, carbohydrates, essential fatty acids and 494 kJ (118 kcal)) during pregnancy and for 6 months thereafter...
February 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381529/lean-season-food-transfers-affect-children-s-diets-and-household-food-security-evidence-from-a-quasi-experiment-in-malawi
#19
Aulo Gelli, Noora-Lisa Aberman, Amy Margolies, Marco Santacroce, Bob Baulch, Ephraim Chirwa
Background: There is evidence that social transfers increase food consumption, improving the quantity and quality of food consumed by poor households. Questions remain on how to improve the effectiveness of social programs.Objective: The aim was to assess the impact of a lean-season food transfer on household food security, diet, and nutrition status of young children during the lean season in Malawi and to understand processes through which transfers operated.Methods: This was a longitudinal, quasi-experimental study based on 2 survey rounds in the Zomba district in Malawi...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379371/challenges-to-evidence-based-health-promotion-a-case-study-of-a-food-security-coalition-in-ontario-canada
#20
Samantha B Meyer, Sara S Edge, Jocelyn Beatty, Scott Leatherdale, Chris Perlman, Jennifer Dean, Paul R Ward, Sharon I Kirkpatrick
Developing the evidence base for health promotion can be challenging because interventions often have to target competing determinants of health, including social, structural, environmental and political determinants; all of which are difficult to measure and thus evaluate. Drawing on a case study of food insecurity, which refers to inadequate access to food due to financial constraints, we illustrate the challenges faced by community-based organizations in collecting data to form an evidence base for the development and evaluation of collective programmes aimed at addressing food insecurity...
March 30, 2017: Health Promotion International
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