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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541498/how-food-insecurity-could-lead-to-obesity-in-lmics-%C3%A2-when-not-enough-is-too-much-a-realist-review-of-how-food-insecurity-could-lead-to-obesity-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#1
Penny Farrell, Anne Marie Thow, Seye Abimbola, Neha Faruqui, Joel Negin
While food insecurity is a well-known cause of under-nutrition and stunting, in recent decades it has also been linked with obesity. Understanding and thus minimising the risk factors for obesity in low- and middle-income country contexts, which often lack the health system capacity to treat the consequent obesity-related illnesses, is crucial. This study adopted realist review methodology because it enabled us to analyse and organise the evidence from low- and middle-income countries into a coherent scheme...
May 24, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538853/-social-programs-and-reducing-obesity-in-peru-reflections-from-the-research
#2
Francisco Diez-Canseco, Lorena Saavedra-Garcia
In recent decades, overweight or obesity have increased dramatically in middle- and low-income countries; a situation which consolidates chronic non-communicable diseases (NCD) as one of the leading causes of mortality and disability worldwide. Currently, half the people in Peru over the age of 15 years are overweight, and one fifth suffer from obesity. The situation is worsening and increasingly affects people in poverty, who frequently benefit from food supplement programs designed to combat food insecurity and malnutrition...
January 2017: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538421/malnutrition-is-associated-with-hiv-infection-in-children-less-than-5-years-in-bobo-dioulasso-city-burkina-faso-a-case-control-study
#3
Ghislain Gnimbar Poda, Chien-Yeh Hsu, Jane C-J Chao
Pediatric human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and malnutrition are still 2 major health issues in sub-Saharan Africa including Burkina Faso where few studies have been conducted on child malnutrition and HIV infection. This study assessed the effects of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in HIV infection and also compared the prevalence of malnutrition in terms of an inadequate diet, underweight, stunting, and wasting among HIV-infected and uninfected children less than 5 years in Bobo-Dioulasso city, Burkina Faso...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537087/a-comparison-of-characteristics-and-food-insecurity-coping-strategies-between-international-and-domestic-postsecondary-students-using-a-food-bank-located-on-a-university-campus
#4
Mahitab Hanbazaza, Geoff D C Ball, Anna P Farmer, Katerina Maximova, Jasmine Farahbakhsh, Noreen D Willows
PURPOSE: We compared food insecurity status, coping strategies, demographic characteristics, and self-rated health of international and domestic postsecondary students requesting emergency food hampers from a campus food bank (CFB). METHODS: We collected data from a cross-sectional convenience sample of domestic and international students who accessed the CFB at the University of Alberta. RESULTS: Food insecurity was prevalent (international students: n = 26/27 (96...
May 24, 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526850/drought-and-child-mortality-a-meta-analysis-of-small-scale-surveys-from-ethiopia
#5
Tefera Darge Delbiso, Chiara Altare, Jose Manuel Rodriguez-Llanes, Shannon Doocy, Debarati Guha-Sapir
Despite the intuitive connection between drought and mortality, we still lack a sound quantitative synthesis of evidence drawn from the available data. In this study, we estimate the pooled under-five death rates (U5DR) and assess the effect of drought on child death in Ethiopia. Small-scale mortality surveys were searched from the Complex Emergency Database and then aggregated spatially and temporally with drought exposure data from the Global Drought Monitor and food insecurity data from the Famine Early Warning Systems Network...
May 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521757/the-effect-of-food-insecurity-on-health-status-of-adolescents-in-ethiopia-longitudinal-study
#6
Mulusew G Jebena, David Lindstrom, Carl Lachat, Tefera Belachew, Patrick Kolsteren
BACKGROUND: The effect of food insecurity on health and wellbeing of a population has been the subject of much research. Yet, limited research has investigated its effect on adolescents' health and wellbeing in Ethiopia. METHOD: We used data from the Jimma Longitudinal Family Survey of Youth which began tracking a cohort of adolescents in 2005 to examine the social, behavioral and economic determinants of their health and well-being. A total of 1,919 sample were included in the main analyses...
May 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513266/a-technical-and-policy-case-study-of-large-scale-rescue-and-redistribution-of-perishable-foods-by-the-leket-israel-food-bank
#7
Dana Philip, Smadar Hod-Ovadia, Aron M Troen
BACKGROUND: Food banks seeking to rescue and redistribute highly nutritious perishable foods to simultaneously alleviate food insecurity and reduce food waste often encounter practical, ethical, and political dilemmas. OBJECTIVES: We present a case study of "Leket Israel," an Israeli food bank that uses an effective large-scale logistical model for the rescue and redistribution of perishable food and discuss the challenges and solutions it offers. RESULTS: The organization operates in a rich country plagued with poverty and inequality, where the government passively encourages nongovernmental organizations to respond to the serious and growing problem of food insecurity...
June 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508854/erratum-effects-of-food-insecurity-on-the-women-esophageal-cancer-in-the-zanjan-province
#8
(no author information available yet)
This corrects the article DOI: 10.4103/0973-1482.206303.].
January 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503244/the-intergenerational-circumstances-of-household-food-insecurity-and-adversity
#9
Mariana Chilton, Molly Knowles, Sandra L Bloom
Household food insecurity is linked with exposure to violence and adversity throughout the life course, suggesting its transfer across generations. Using grounded theory, we analyzed semistructured interviews with 31 mothers reporting household food insecurity where participants described major life events and social relationships. Through the lens of multigenerational interactions, 4 themes emerged: (1) hunger and violence across the generations, (2) disclosure to family and friends, (3) depression and problems with emotional management, and (4) breaking out of intergenerational patterns...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Hunger & Environmental Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501239/economic-insecurity-and-intimate-partner-and-sexual-violence-victimization
#10
Matthew J Breiding, Kathleen C Basile, Joanne Klevens, Sharon G Smith
INTRODUCTION: Previous research has consistently found that low SES is associated with higher levels of both intimate partner violence (IPV) and sexual violence (SV) victimization. Though associated with poverty, two indicators of economic insecurity, food and housing insecurity, have been identified as conceptually distinct social determinants of health. This study examined the relationship between food and housing insecurity experienced in the preceding 12 months and IPV and SV victimization experienced in the preceding 12 months, after controlling for SES and other demographic variables...
May 10, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499716/risk-based-questionnaires-fail-to-detect-adolescent-iron-deficiency-and-anemia
#11
Deepa L Sekhar, Laura E Murray-Kolb, Eric W Schaefer, Ian M Paul
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the predictive ability of screening questionnaires to identify adolescent women at high-risk for iron deficiency or iron deficiency anemia who warrant objective laboratory testing. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of 96 female individuals 12-21 years old seen at an academic medical center. Participants completed an iron deficiency risk assessment questionnaire including the 4 Bright Futures Adolescent Previsit Questionnaire anemia questions, along with depression, attention, food insecurity, and daytime sleepiness screens...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496366/factors-associated-with-psychological-distress-among-young-women-in-kisumu-kenya
#12
Deborah A Gust, Roman Gvetadze, Melissa Furtado, Mumbi Makanga, Victor Akelo, Kenneth Ondenge, Beatrice Nyagol, Eleanor McLellan-Lemal
BACKGROUND: Attention to mental health issues is growing globally. In many countries, including Kenya, however, assessment of psychological distress, especially in rural areas, is limited. METHODS: We analyzed data from young women screened for a longitudinal contraceptive ring study in Kisumu, Kenya. Multivariable regression analysis was used to assess factors associated with recent moderate and high psychological distress, as measured by the Kessler (K-6) psychological distress scale...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494024/household-food-security-and-adequacy-of-child-diet-in-the-food-insecure-region-north-in-ghana
#13
Pascal Agbadi, Helga Bjørnøy Urke, Maurice B Mittelmark
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Adequate diet is of crucial importance for healthy child development. In food insecure areas of the world, the provision of adequate child diet is threatened in the many households that sometimes experience having no food at all to eat (household food insecurity). In the context of food insecure northern Ghana, this study investigated the relationship between level of household food security and achievement of recommended child diet as measured by WHO Infant and Young Child Feeding Indicators...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491205/food-insecurity-among-american-indians-and-alaska-natives-a-national-profile-using-the-current-population-survey-food-security-supplement
#14
Valarie Blue Bird Jernigan, Kimberly R Huyser, Jimmy Valdes, Vanessa Watts Simonds
Food insecurity increases the risk for obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and cancer-conditions highly prevalent among American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/ANs). Using the Current Population Survey Food Security Supplement, we analyzed the food insecurity trends of AI/ANs compared to other racial and ethnic groups in the United States from 2000 to 2010. From 2000 to 2010, 25% of AI/ANs remained consistently food insecure and AI/ANs were twice as likely to be food insecure compared to whites. Urban AI/ANs were more likely to experience food insecurity than rural AI/ANs...
2017: Journal of Hunger & Environmental Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487720/finger-millet-a-certain-crop-for-an-uncertain-future-and-a-solution-to-food-insecurity-and-hidden-hunger-under-stressful-environments
#15
REVIEW
Sanjay Mohan Gupta, Sandeep Arora, Neelofar Mirza, Anjali Pande, Charu Lata, Swati Puranik, J Kumar, Anil Kumar
Crop growth and productivity has largely been vulnerable to various abiotic and biotic stresses that are only set to be compounded due to global climate change. Therefore developing improved varieties and designing newer approaches for crop improvement against stress tolerance have become a priority now-a-days. However, most of the crop improvement strategies are directed toward staple cereals such as rice, wheat, maize etc., whereas attention on minor cereals such as finger millet [Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487008/universal-v-risk-based-screening-for-food-insecurity
#16
John F Steiner, Chan Zeng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481890/associations-between-selective-attention-and-soil-transmitted-helminth-infections-socioeconomic-status-and-physical-fitness-in-disadvantaged-children-in-port-elizabeth-south-africa-an-observational-study
#17
Stefanie Gall, Ivan Müller, Cheryl Walter, Harald Seelig, Liana Steenkamp, Uwe Pühse, Rosa du Randt, Danielle Smith, Larissa Adams, Siphesihle Nqweniso, Peiling Yap, Sebastian Ludyga, Peter Steinmann, Jürg Utzinger, Markus Gerber
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomically deprived children are at increased risk of ill-health associated with sedentary behavior, malnutrition, and helminth infection. The resulting reduced physical fitness, growth retardation, and impaired cognitive abilities may impede children's capacity to pay attention. The present study examines how socioeconomic status (SES), parasitic worm infections, stunting, food insecurity, and physical fitness are associated with selective attention and academic achievement in school-aged children...
May 8, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481762/the-monthly-cycle-of-hypoglycemia-an-observational-claims-based-study-of-emergency-room-visits-hospital-admissions-and-costs-in-a-commercially-insured-population
#18
Sanjay Basu, Seth A Berkowitz, Hilary Seligman
BACKGROUND: Multipayer initiatives have sought to address social determinants of health, such as food insecurity, by linking primary care patients to social services. It remains unclear whether such social determinants contribute to avoidable short-term health care costs. OBJECTIVES: We sought to quantify costs and mitigating factors for the increased risk of hypoglycemia at the end of each month among low-income Americans, a phenomenon related to exhaustion of food budgets...
May 5, 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480615/food-allergy-and-attitudes-to-close-interpersonal-relationships-an-exploratory-study-on-attachment
#19
Laura Polloni, Sami Schiff, Emilia Ferruzza, Francesca Lazzarotto, Roberta Bonaguro, Alice Toniolo, Nicolò Celegato, Muraro Antonella
BACKGROUND: Food allergy is a common immunological disease that includes potentially fatal reactions. It impacts considerably on patients' social life including close interpersonal relationships. Attachment theory provides a theoretical framework to evaluate the quality of close interpersonal relationships in chronic disorders. Attachment insecurity, mainly characterized by attachment avoidance, has been found in a variety of health conditions, but still needs to be investigated in food allergy...
May 8, 2017: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477050/revealing-the-prevalence-and-consequences-of-food-insecurity-in-children-with-epilepsy
#20
Jennifer A O'Malley, Bethany M Klett, Melissa D Klein, Nicole Inman, Andrew F Beck
Food insecurity (FI) affects more than one in five American children and is increasingly addressed during pediatric primary care. Its relevance during subspecialty care, including in the treatment of chronic conditions like epilepsy, is largely unknown. This study sought to determine the FI prevalence among children with epilepsy and examine the relationship between FI and healthcare utilization, health-related quality-of-life (HR-QOL), and medication side effect control. This was a retrospective cohort study using electronic health record data from children, aged 2-17 years, seen for epilepsy management at an academic pediatric hospital...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Community Health
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