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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154182/impact-of-ill-health-on-household-consumption-in-sri-lanka-evidence-from-household-survey-data
#1
Ajantha Sisira Kumara, Ramanie Samaratunge
With significant increases in chronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in recent years, Sri Lanka has witnessed a growing trend of increased out-of-pocket payments for healthcare, imposing a severe burden on household budgets. This is exacerbated by limited government health funding and inadequate financial security from formal social security. We examine the association of NCD-prevalence and healthcare utilization with household consumption, using the most recent Sri Lanka Household Income and Expenditure Survey 2012/2013...
November 11, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151371/maternal-depression-symptoms-are-highly-prevalent-among-food-insecure-households-in-ethiopia
#2
Seifu Hagos Gebreyesus, Bilal Shikur Endris, Charlotte Hanlon, Bernt Lindtjørn
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the association between household food insecurity and maternal depression in Ethiopia. Design/Setting/Subjects In 2014, we conducted a cross-sectional study in southern Ethiopia, including 591 food-secure and 2500 food-insecure households. We measured depression status of women using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 validated for Ethiopia, with a cut-off of ≥5. We evaluated household-level food insecurity using a validated Household Food Insecurity Access Scale...
November 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150339/hair-concentration-of-trace-elements-and-growth-in-homeless-children-aged-6years-results-from-the-enfams-study
#3
Lucia Fábelová, Stéphanie Vandentorren, Cécile Vuillermoz, Robert Garnier, Sandrine Lioret, Jérémie Botton
BACKGROUND: Growth is an important indicator of health in early childhood. This is a critical developmental period, during which a number of factors, including exposure to metals, might play a role in later physical and metabolic functions. OBJECTIVE: To study the association between exposure to arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), mercury (Hg), lead (Pb) and selenium (Se), and physical growth of children from homeless families aged <6years. METHODS: This study was based on data of the cross-sectional survey (ENFAMS), which was conducted by the Observatoire du Samu Social on a random sample of homeless sheltered families in the Paris region during winter 2013...
November 14, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147950/mental-health-consultation-among-ontario-s-immigrant-populations
#4
Farah Islam, Nazilla Khanlou, Alison Macpherson, Hala Tamim
To determine the prevalence rates and characteristics of past-year mental health consultation for Ontario's adult (18 + years old) immigrant populations. The Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) 2012 was used to calculate the prevalence rates of past-year mental health consultation by service provider type. Characteristics associated with mental health consultation were determined by carrying out multivariable logistic regression analysis on merged CCHS 2008-2012 data. Adult immigrant populations in Ontario (n = 3995) had lower estimated prevalence rates of past-year mental health consultation across all service provider types compared to Canadian-born populations (n = 14,644)...
November 16, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145590/who-uses-foodbanks-and-why-exploring-the-impact-of-financial-strain-and-adverse-life-events-on-food-insecurity
#5
E Prayogo, A Chater, S Chapman, M Barker, N Rahmawati, T Waterfall, G Grimble
Background: Rising use of foodbanks highlights food insecurity in the UK. Adverse life events (e.g. unemployment, benefit delays or sanctions) and financial strains are thought to be the drivers of foodbank use. This research aimed to explore who uses foodbanks, and factors associated with increased food insecurity. Methods: We surveyed those seeking help from front line crisis providers from foodbanks (N = 270) and a comparison group from Advice Centres (ACs) (N = 245) in relation to demographics, adverse life events, financial strain and household food security...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145423/examining-the-relationships-between-body-image-eating-attitudes-bmi-and-physical-activity-in-rural-and-urban-south-african-young-adult-females-using-structural-equation-modeling
#6
Alessandra Prioreschi, Stephanie V Wrottesley, Emmanuel Cohen, Ankita Reddy, Rihlat Said-Mohamed, Rhian Twine, Stephen M Tollman, Kathleen Kahn, David B Dunger, Shane A Norris
The persistence of food insecurity, malnutrition, increasing adiposity, and decreasing physical activity, heightens the need to understand relationships between body image satisfaction, eating attitudes, BMI and physical activity levels in South Africa. Females aged 18-23 years were recruited from rural (n = 509) and urban (n = 510) settings. Body image satisfaction was measured using Stunkard's silhouettes, and the 26-item Eating Attitudes questionnaire (EAT-26) was used to evaluate participants' risk of disordered eating...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145212/does-anaemia-have-major-public-health-importance-in-children-aged-6-59-months-in-the-duggina-fanigo-district-of-wolaita-zone-southern-ethiopia
#7
Yohannes Samuel Tiku, Tefera Chane Mekonnen, Shimelash Bitew Workie, Endale Amare
BACKGROUND: Globally, a large number of children aged 6-59 months are affected by anaemia. In Ethiopia, like other developing countries, more than 40% of children under 5 years are affected by anaemia. Anaemia during infancy and childhood period is associated with poor health and impaired cognitive development, leading to reduced academic achievement and earning potential in their adult life. The aim of this research was to assess whether anaemia remained a major public health problem among children aged 6-59 months or not in Duggina Fanigo District of Wolaita Zone, South Ethiopia in 2016...
November 16, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144894/clinical-community-partnerships-to-identify-patients-with-food-insecurity-and-address-food-needs
#8
Elizabeth A Lundeen, Karen R Siegel, Holly Calhoun, Sonia A Kim, Sandra P Garcia, Natalie M Hoeting, Diane M Harris, Laura Kettel Khan, Bryce Smith, Heidi M Blanck, Kevin Barnett, Anne C Haddix
INTRODUCTION: More than 42 million people in the United States are food insecure. Although some health care entities are addressing food insecurity among patients because of associations with disease risk and management, little is known about the components of these initiatives. METHODS: The Systematic Screening and Assessment Method was used to conduct a landscape assessment of US health care entity-based programs that screen patients for food insecurity and connect them with food resources...
November 16, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143723/food-insecurity-among-people-with-severe-mental-disorder-in-a-rural-ethiopian-setting-a-comparative-population-based-study
#9
K Tirfessa, C Lund, G Medhin, Y Hailemichael, A Fekadu, C Hanlon
AIM: In low-income African countries, ensuring food security for all segments of the population is a high priority. Mental illness is associated consistently with poverty, but there is little evidence regarding the association with food insecurity. The aim of this study was to compare the levels of food insecurity in people with severe mental disorders (SMD) with the general population in a rural African setting with a high burden of food insecurity. METHOD: Households of 292 community-ascertained people with a specialist-confirmed diagnosis of SMD (including schizophrenia and bipolar disorder) were compared with 284 households without a person with SMD in a rural district in south Ethiopia...
November 16, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131446/food-provision-among-food-relief-agencies-in-rural-australia-and-perceived-barriers-and-enablers-to-provide-healthy-food
#10
Natalia Bortolin, Jaqueline Priestly, Janice Sangster
OBJECTIVE: Food insecurity affects 4-14% of Australians, and up to 82% of vulnerable groups. Food relief agencies commonly provide food parcels or food vouchers. Little research has been undertaken on food relief agencies within rural Australia. This study determined the type of food assistance provided by rural FRAs, and barriers and enablers to provide healthy food. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study, using telephone questionnaires with qualitative and quantitative aspects...
November 13, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130294/food-insecurity-increases-the-odds-of-obesity-among-iranian-women-a-population-based-study-of-northwestern-iran
#11
Leila Nikniaz, Jafar S Tabrizi, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani, Mostafa Farahbakhsh, Zeinab Nikniaz
AIM: The main objective of the present study was to evaluate the association between obesity and food security status. The sample comprised of Iranian adults with an age range of 15-64 years. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study (n = 1277), the short form of the Household Food Security Scale was used to determine food security status. Height, weight and waist and hip circumferences were measured, and body mass index, waist-to-hip ratio, waist-to-height ratio and conicity index (CI) were also calculated...
November 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130291/exploring-nutrition-capacity-in-australia-s-charitable-food-sector
#12
Kate Wingrove, Liza Barbour, Claire Palermo
AIM: The primary aim of this study was to explore the capacity of community organisations within Australia's charitable food sector to provide nutritious food to people experiencing food insecurity. A secondary aim was to explore their capacity to provide food in an environment that encourages social interaction. METHODS: This qualitative research used an exploratory case study design and was informed by a nutrition capacity framework. Participants were recruited through SecondBite, a not-for-profit food rescue organisation in Australia...
November 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125096/preliminary-validation-and-piloting-of-a-comprehensive-measure-of-household-food-security-in-australia
#13
Sue Kleve, Danielle Gallegos, Stephanie Ashby, Claire Palermo, Rebecca McKechnie
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the psychometric properties, validity and reliability of a newly developed measure of food insecurity, the Household Food and Nutrition Security Survey (HFNSS), among an Australian population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Metropolitan areas of Melbourne, Australia, identified as very high, high or medium vulnerability in the 2008 Vulnerability Assessment for Mortgage, Petrol and Inflation Risks and Expenditure index...
November 10, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120702/food-insecurity-and-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-adolescents
#14
Shannon M Robson, Alicia J Lozano, Mia Papas, Freda Patterson
INTRODUCTION: Food insecurity is associated with poor cardiometabolic health in adults. The extent to which this relationship exists in adolescents has yet to be defined. The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between food insecurity and cardiometabolic risk factors in adolescents. METHODS: We evaluated the association between food insecurity and several cardiometabolic risk factors by using data collected from the Youth Risk Behavior Survey at the state and city levels...
November 9, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119474/food-insecurity-is-associated-with-poor-hiv-outcomes-among-women-in-the-united-states
#15
Matthew A Spinelli, Edward A Frongillo, Lila A Sheira, Kartika Palar, Phyllis C Tien, Tracey Wilson, Daniel Merenstein, Mardge Cohen, Adebola Adedimeji, Eryka Wentz, Adaora A Adimora, Lisa R Metsch, Janet M Turan, Margot B Kushel, Sheri D Weiser
Women in the general population experience more food insecurity than men. Few studies have examined food insecurity's impact on HIV treatment outcomes among women. We examined the association between food insecurity and HIV outcomes in a multi-site sample of HIV-infected women in the United States (n = 1154). Two-fifths (40%) of participants reported food insecurity. In an adjusted multivariable Tobit regression model, food insecurity was associated with 2.08 times higher viral load (95% confidence interval (CI): 1...
November 8, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114193/undernutrition-and-associated-factors-among-adults-human-immunodeficiency-virus-positive-on-antiretroviral-therapy-in-hospitals-east-hararge-zone-oromia-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Mulugeta Dedha, Melake Damena, Gudina Egata, Lemma Negesa
Objective: The aim of the study was to assess undernutrition and factors associated with, among people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and on antiretroviral therapy (ART). Methods: Facility-based cross-sectional study design was implemented. Data were collected using pretested structured questionnaire at ART service site. Basic descriptive statistics were computed. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to assess the association between outcome variable and explanatory variables...
November 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108687/spatial-analysis-of-food-insecurity-and-obesity-by-area-level-deprivation-in-children-in-early-years-settings-in-england
#17
Sara E Benjamin Neelon, Thomas Burgoine, John A Gallis, Pablo Monsivais
BACKGROUND: we assessed manager perceptions of food security and obesity in young children attending nurseries across England, assessing spatial differences by area-level deprivation. METHODS: we conducted an adjusted multinomial logistic regression and an adjusted geographically weighted logistic regression examining the odds of a manager perceiving obesity, food insecurity, or both as a problem among children in care measured via a mailed survey. RESULTS: 851 (54...
November 2017: Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107473/food-insecurity-and-perceived-diet-quality-among-low-income-older-americans-with-functional-limitations
#18
Yunhee Chang, Haley Hickman
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate how functional limitations are associated with food insecurity and perceived diet quality in low-income older Americans. DESIGN: Nationwide repeated cross-sectional surveys regarding health and nutritional status. SETTING: The National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, 2007-2008, 2009-2010, and 2011-2012. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged ≥65 years with household incomes ≤130% of the federal poverty level (n = 1,323)...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101766/a-public-health-opportunity-found-in-food-waste
#19
Shreela V Sharma, Mudita Upadhyaya, Gregory Bounds, Christine Markham
A food waste problem coexists with food insecurity and obesity. Brighter Bites, a school-based food cooperative program, successfully channels primarily donated produce to low-income communities and provides nutrition education, creating an increased demand for and intake of fruits and vegetables. We present the framework used in Brighter Bites and results of operationalizing this framework during 3 years of implementation in Houston, Texas. Results demonstrated that, during 2013 through 2016, more than 12,500 families enrolled in Brighter Bites for 16 weeks in the school year...
November 2, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096028/the-role-of-maternal-and-child-characteristics-in-chinese-children-s-dietary-intake-across-three-groups
#20
Nan Zhou, Charissa S L Cheah, Yan Li, Junsheng Liu, Shuyan Sun
Objective: To examine whether mothers' early-life food insecurity (ELFI), pressuring to eat feeding practices (PEP), and child effortful control (EC) are associated with child dietary intake within and across three Chinese ethnic groups. Method: Participants included 119 Chinese international immigrants in the United States, 230 urban nonmigrant, and 468 rural-to-urban migrant mothers and preschoolers in China. Mothers reported on their ELFI, PEP, and their children's EC and dietary intake...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
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