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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812123/-promoting-a%C3%A2-balanced-diet-and-physical-activity-among-children-conditions-for-the-successful-implementation-and-maintenance-of-multi-level-interventions-and-policies-results-of-two-qualitative-case-studies
#1
Berit Steenbock, Saskia Muellmann, Hajo Zeeb, Claudia R Pischke
BACKGROUND: To date, conditions for successfully implementing and maintaining multi-level interventions and policies for the promotion of a balanced diet and physical activity are not well understood from the perspective of stakeholders. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to examine which factors are regarded as facilitating or impeding introduction, implementation and maintenance of multi-level interventions and policies from the standpoint of stakeholders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Semi-structured face-to-face interviews with stakeholders of one multi-level intervention (Identification and prevention of Dietary- and lifestyle-induced health EFfects In Children and infantS [IDEFICS] for the prevention of childhood obesity, n = 4) and one policy (Federal state offices coordinating networks for the provision of healthy food options in schools, n = 3) were analysed using qualitative content analysis...
August 15, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808807/sociodemographic-and-lifestyle-factors-and-health-conditions-of-dominican-adults-living-in-puerto-rico
#2
Martha Tamez, Carlos F Ríos-Bedoya, José F Rodríguez-Orengo, Katherine L Tucker, Josiemer Mattei
Dominicans are the largest migrant community in Puerto Rico, yet understudied. We compared risk factors and health conditions of Dominicans versus Puerto Ricans (PRs). Cross-sectional survey of Dominicans (n = 55) and PRs (n = 310) aged 30-75 years, assessed with validated questionnaires and standardized anthropometric measurements. Significantly, more Dominicans than PRs had attained <8th grade education (37.7 vs. 8.0%), reported household income ≤$10,000 (76.1 vs. 56.9%), lacked health insurance (19...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805156/socioeconomic-crisis-and-aggressive-behaviour-of-greek-adolescents
#3
Helen Lazaratou, Zacharias Kalogerakis, Marina Economou, Kiriakos Xenitidis
BACKGROUND: Aggressive behaviours are common during adolescence. In Greece, adolescents and their families experience a severe and enduring recession with potentially adverse impact on mental health. AIM: This study aimed to examine the correlation between adolescents' aggressive behaviour and economic factors. METHODS: The Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire (AQ) was used to measure aggression. Reduction in pocket money and three items of the Household Food Insecurity Access Scale were used to measure material deprivation as a result of the economic crisis...
September 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800371/population-estimates-health-care-characteristics-and-material-hardship-experiences-of-u-s-children-with-parent-reported-speech-language-difficulties-evidence-from-three-nationally-representative-surveys
#4
Rajan A Sonik, Susan L Parish, Ilhom Akorbirshoev, Esther Son, Eliana Rosenthal
Purpose: To provide estimates for the prevalence of parent-reported speech-language difficulties in U.S. children, and to describe the levels of health care access and material hardship in this population. Method: We tabulated descriptive and bivariate statistics using cross-sectional data from the 2007 and 2011/2012 iterations of the National Survey of Children's Health, the 2005/2006 and 2009/2010 iterations of the National Survey of Children with Special Health Care Needs, and the 2004 and 2008 panels of the Survey of Income and Program Participation...
August 11, 2017: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797939/informal-assistance-to-urban-families-and-the-risk-of-household-food-insecurity
#5
Christian King
RATIONALE: Food insecurity is a persistent social problem affecting one out of eight households in the United States. While evidence shows that public assistance programs (formal assistance) are effective in reducing food insecurity, there is more limited evidence documenting how informal support, through social capital, affects food insecurity. OBJECTIVE: To examine the role of informal support (through instrumental social support, social cohesion, social control, and social participation) on food insecurity transitions using longitudinal data of a sample of disadvantaged urban mothers from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study...
August 2, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797890/developing-and-implementing-a-food-insecurity-screening-initiative-for-patients-living-with-diabetes
#6
Brittany Thomas, Sandra Fitzpatrick, Souraya Sidani, Enza Gucciardi
OBJECTIVES: Routine food insecurity screening is recommended in diabetes care to inform more tailored interventions that better support diabetes self-management among food-insecure patients. This pilot study explored the acceptability and feasibility of a food insecurity screening initiative within a diabetes care setting in Toronto. METHODS: A systematic literature review informed the development of a food insecurity screening initiative to help health-care providers tailor diabetes management plans and better support food-insecure patients with type 2 diabetes...
August 7, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796830/dynamic-changes-of-nutrient-composition-throughout-the-entire-life-cycle-of-black-soldier-fly
#7
Xiu Liu, Xuan Chen, Hui Wang, Qinqin Yang, Kashif Ur Rehman, Wu Li, Minmin Cai, Qing Li, Lorenzo Mazza, Jibin Zhang, Ziniu Yu, Longyu Zheng
Black soldier fly (BSF) larvae, Hermetia illucens L., develops on organic wastes, reducing ecological pollution and converting waste biomass into protein and fat rich insect biomass. BSF can replace increasingly expensive protein sources used in poultry, aquaculture and livestock compound diet formulation, such as fish meal and soybean meal, which holds the potential to alleviate future food and feed insecurity. The fate of nutritional spectra in BSF during its life cycle phases is still poorly understood. This study assessed metabolic changes in nutrition composition of BSF from egg to adult...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792465/the-relationship-between-obesity-and-urban-environment-in-seoul
#8
Jungah Kim, Changwoo Shon, Seonju Yi
Obesity is a global pandemic that brings about a myriad of health consequences. In the past, policies for combating obesity mainly focused on improving individual health and behavior, but nowadays some policies have changed and now concentrate on improving the built environment believing this can improve health through positive changes to health-related behaviors. We examined whether both individual and environmental factors were associated with body mass index in Seoul, the capital city of South Korea. Data from the 2011 and 2013 Community Health Surveys were used (n = 20,147 men and 25,300 women)...
August 9, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792240/coping-with-drought-in-rural-papua-new-guinea-a-western-highlands-case-study
#9
Pauline Rutendo Gwatirisa, Barbara Pamphilon, Katja Mikhailovich
The short- and long-term effects of climate change on Papua New Guinea's agricultural sector have generated significant debate in recent times. Current literature demonstrates that different population groups have differing levels of vulnerability and resilience to the flow-on effects of climate change, particularly drought. Yet different schools of thought on the country's food security and effects on livelihoods persist. This article draws on evidence from research conducted in the Western Highlands of Papua New Guinea as part of a bigger economic empowerment project to illustrate the vulnerabilities of one community of rural semisubsistence farmers to drought-induced food insecurity...
August 9, 2017: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768107/primary-care-providers-perspectives-on-screening-older-adult-patients-for-food-insecurity
#10
Jennifer A Pooler, Vanessa A Hoffman, Fata J Karva
Food insecurity has been associated with poor health and health outcomes among older adults, yet food assistance resources are available and underutilized. Routine screening and referral for food insecurity in primary care is one avenue to connect food insecure older adults with available resources. This qualitative study aims to better understand primary care providers' (PCPs) beliefs about food security screening and referrals in a primary care setting and perceived barriers to implementation. PCPs (n = 16) who have older adult patients but do not routinely screen for food insecurity were interviewed by phone...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767957/obesity-and-public-policies-the-brazilian-government-s-definitions-and-strategies
#11
Patricia Camacho Dias, Patrícia Henriques, Luiz Antonio Dos Anjos, Luciene Burlandy
The study analyzes national strategies for dealing with obesity in Brazil in the framework of the Brazilian Unified National Health System (SUS) and the Food and Nutritional Security System (SISAN). Based on the document analysis method, we examined government documents produced in the last 15 years in the following dimensions: definitions of obesity, proposed actions, and strategies for linkage between sectors. In the SUS, obesity is approached as both a risk factor and a disease, with individual and social/environmental approaches aimed at changing eating practices and physical activity...
July 27, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760785/food-insecurity-and-maternal-child-nutritional-status-in-mexico-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-national-health-and-nutrition-survey-2012
#12
Teresa Shamah-Levy, Verónica Mundo-Rosas, Carmen Morales-Ruan, Lucia Cuevas-Nasu, Ignacio Méndez-Gómez-Humarán, Rafael Pérez-Escamilla
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between household food insecurity (HFI) and risk of childhood stunting and to determine whether this association is modified by maternal-child overweight/obesity. DESIGN: Observational cross-sectional study. SETTING: Data come from the Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey (ENSANUT 2012 by its initials in Spanish), representative of rural and urban areas. PARTICIPANTS: Our study sample included 5087 mother-preschool child pairs and 7181 mother-schoolchild pairs...
July 31, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758601/application-of-a-theoretical-model-toward-understanding-continued-food-insecurity-post-hurricane-katrina
#13
Lauren A Clay, Mia A Papas, Kimberly Gill, David M Abramson
OBJECTIVE: Disaster recovery efforts focus on restoring basic needs to survivors, such as food, water, and shelter. However, long after the immediate recovery phase is over, some individuals will continue to experience unmet needs. Ongoing food insecurity has been identified as a post-disaster problem. There is a paucity of information regarding the factors that might place an individual at risk for continued food insecurity post disaster. METHODS: Using data from a sample (n=737) of households severely impacted by Hurricane Katrina, we estimated the associations between food insecurity and structural, physical and mental health, and psychosocial factors 5 years after Hurricane Katrina...
July 31, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758423/factors-influencing-the-prevalence-of-stunting-among-children-aged-below-five-years-in-bangladesh
#14
Haribondhu Sarma, Jahidur Rahman Khan, Mohammad Asaduzzaman, Fakhar Uddin, Sayeeda Tarannum, Md Mehedi Hasan, Ahmed Shafiqur Rahman, Tahmeed Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Poor nutrition during childhood impedes physical and mental development of children, which propagate the vicious cycle of intergenerational under nutrition. This paper is aimed at understanding the determinants of stunting among children aged 0 to 59 months in Bangladesh. METHODS: The study used Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey 2011 data and a multistage stratified cluster-sampling design. Anthropometric data (for height and weight) were collected and analysis was limited to 7647 children...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754200/the-struggle-is-real-a-systematic-review-of-food-insecurity-on-postsecondary-education-campuses
#15
Meg Bruening, Katy Argo, Devon Payne-Sturges, Melissa N Laska
BACKGROUND: Numerous international studies have examined cross-sectional correlates of food insecurity (FI) among postsecondary education students. Research is needed to synthesize the findings of this work to support vulnerable students. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review peer-reviewed and gray literature to assess the prevalence of FI on postsecondary education institutions, as well as factors related to FI among students and suggested/practiced solutions. DESIGN: Systematic literature review...
July 26, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742870/factors-contributing-to-food-insecurity-among-women-living-with-hiv-in-the-dominican-republic-a-qualitative-study
#16
Kathryn P Derose, Denise D Payán, María Altagracia Fulcar, Sergio Terrero, Ramón Acevedo, Hugo Farías, Kartika Palar
BACKGROUND: Food insecurity contributes to poor health outcomes among people living with HIV. In Latin America and the Caribbean, structural factors such as poverty, stigma, and inequality disproportionately affect women and may fuel both the HIV epidemic and food insecurity. METHODS: We examined factors contributing to food insecurity among women living with HIV (WLHIV) in the Dominican Republic (DR). Data collection included in-depth, semi-structured interviews in 2013 with 30 WLHIV with indications of food insecurity who resided in urban or peri-urban areas and were recruited from local HIV clinics...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742541/parental-psychological-distress-and-family-food-insecurity-sad-dads-in-hungry-homes
#17
Katie K Tseng, Su Hyun Park, Jenni A Shearston, Lily Lee, Michael Weitzman
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether household food insecurity is associated with serious psychological distress (SPD) in fathers and mothers in a nationally representative US sample. METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional, matched child-parent data from the 2014 to 2015 National Health Interview Survey (N = 18,456). Parental psychological distress was assessed using the Kessler-6 (K-6) scale. Family food security was measured using the USDA's 10-item Food Security scale, and households were dichotomized as food secure or food insecure...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739148/food-insecurity-and-adult-overweight-obesity-gender-and-race-ethnic-disparities
#18
Daphne C Hernandez, Layton M Reesor, Rosenda Murillo
The majority of the food insecurity-obesity research has indicated a positive association among women, especially minority women. Less research has been conducted on men, and the findings are inconsistent. The aim was to assess whether gender and race/ethnic disparities exists between the food insecurity and overweight/obesity relationship among adults ages 18-59. We used the cross-sectional 2011 and 2012 National Health Interview Survey data (N = 19,990). Three or more affirmative responses on the 10-item USDA Food Security Scale indicated food insecure experiences...
October 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738826/association-of-adult-tobacco-use-with-household-food-access-insecurity-results-from-nepal-demographic-and-health-survey-2011
#19
Chandrashekhar T Sreeramareddy, N Ramakrishnareddy
BACKGROUND: Food insecurity is a very common problem in developing countries particularly among the poorer households. Very few studies have tested the association between adult smoking and food insecurity. METHODS: We analysed the data from a nationally representative sample of 10,826 households in which women and men (in a sub sample of 4121 households) aged 15-49 years were interviewed in Nepal Demographic and Health Survey 2011. Data from households in which both men and women were interviewed were analysed for association of household food insecurity access score (HFIAS), with tobacco use among men and women, socio-demographic and spatial factors...
July 24, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731560/food-insecure-student-clients-of-a-university-based-food-bank-have-compromised-health-dietary-intake-and-academic-quality
#20
Jasmine Farahbakhsh, Mahitab Hanbazaza, Geoff D C Ball, Anna P Farmer, Katerina Maximova, Noreen D Willows
AIM: University and college students in wealthy countries may be vulnerable to financial food insecurity. If food insecure students have suboptimal health, their ability to learn and excel in their education could be compromised. This Canadian study examined the relationship of food security status to diet and self-perceived health and academic quality among students receiving emergency food hampers from the Campus Food Bank at University of Alberta. METHODS: A convenience sample of 58 students completed a survey...
February 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
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