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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319225/household-food-insecurity-and-ideal-cardiovascular-health-factors-in-us-adults
#1
Cindy Leung, June Tester, Barbara Laraia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318474/the-growing-disconnect-between-food-prices-and-wages-in-europe-cross-national-analysis-of-food-deprivation-and-welfare-regimes-in-twenty-one-eu-countries-2004-2012
#2
Aaron Reeves, Rachel Loopstra, David Stuckler
OBJECTIVE: Food insecurity has been rising across Europe following the Great Recession, but to varying degrees across countries and over time. The reasons for this increase are not well understood, nor are what factors might protect people's access to food. Here we test the hypothesis that an emerging gap between food prices and wages can explain increases in reported inability to afford protein-rich foods and whether welfare regimes can mitigate its impact. DESIGN: We collected data in twenty-one countries from 2004 to 2012 using two databases: (i) on food prices and deprivation related to food (denoted by reported inability to afford to eat meat, chicken, fish or a vegetarian equivalent every second day) from EuroStat 2015 edition; and (ii) on wages from the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development 2015 edition...
March 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318465/lunch-at-the-library-examination-of-a-community-based-approach-to-addressing-summer-food-insecurity
#3
Janine S Bruce, Monica M De La Cruz, Gala Moreno, Lisa J Chamberlain
OBJECTIVE: To examine a library-based approach to addressing food insecurity through a child and adult summer meal programme. The study examines: (i) risk of household food insecurity among participants; (ii) perspectives on the library meal programme; and (iii) barriers to utilizing other community food resources. DESIGN: Quantitative surveys with adult participants and qualitative semi-structured interviews with a sub-sample of adult participants. SETTING: Ten libraries using public and private funding to serve meals to children and adults for six to eight weeks in low-income Silicon Valley communities (California, USA) during summer 2015...
March 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315891/results-with-complementary-food-using-local-food-ingredients
#4
Tahmeed Ahmed, Munirul Islam, Nuzhat Choudhury, Iqbal Hossain, Sayeeda Huq, Mustafa Mahfuz, Shafiqul Alam Sarker
Appropriate complementary food is a must for optimum growth of infants and children. The food should be diverse and be given in sufficient quantities 2-4 times a day depending upon age. Poverty, food insecurity, and lack of awareness regarding the choice of nutritious food ingredients are deterrents to optimum complementary feeding. In Bangladesh, 77% of children do not receive appropriate complementary food and, hence, the high prevalence of childhood malnutrition. We developed ready-to-use complementary foods (RUCFs) using locally available food ingredients, rice/lentil and chickpea, which conform to standard specifications...
2017: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303148/differentiating-wheat-genotypes-by-bayesian-hierarchical-nonlinear-mixed-modeling-of-wheat-root-density
#5
Anton P Wasson, Grace S Chiu, Alexander B Zwart, Timothy R Binns
Ensuring future food security for a growing population while climate change and urban sprawl put pressure on agricultural land will require sustainable intensification of current farming practices. For the crop breeder this means producing higher crop yields with less resources due to greater environmental stresses. While easy gains in crop yield have been made mostly "above ground," little progress has been made "below ground"; and yet it is these root system traits that can improve productivity and resistance to drought stress...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302365/food-insecurity-screening-in-pediatric-primary-care-can-offering-referrals-help-identify-families-in-need
#6
Clement J Bottino, Erinn T Rhodes, Catherine Kreatsoulas, Joanne E Cox, Eric W Fleegler
OBJECTIVE: To describe a clinical approach for food insecurity screening incorporating a menu offering food-assistance referrals, and to examine relationships between food insecurity and referral selection. METHODS: Caregivers of 3- to 10-year-old children presenting for well-child care completed a self-administered questionnaire on a laptop computer. Items included the US Household Food Security Survey Module: 6-Item Short Form (food insecurity screen) and a referral menu offering assistance with: 1) finding a food pantry, 2) getting hot meals, 3) applying for Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), and 4) applying for Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC)...
March 13, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302099/monthly-food-insecurity-assessment-in-rural-mkushi-district-zambia-a-longitudinal-analysis
#7
Muzi Na, Bess L Caswell, Sameera A Talegawkar, Amanda Palmer
BACKGROUND: Perception-based scales are widely used for household food insecurity (HFI) assessment but were only recently added in national surveys. The frequency of assessments needed to characterize dynamics in HFI over time is largely unknown. The study aims to examine longitudinal changes in monthly reported HFI at both population- and household-level. METHODS: A total of 157 households in rural Mkushi District whose children were enrolled in the non-intervened arm of an efficacy trial of biofortified maize were included in the analysis...
March 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298279/the-potential-impact-of-animal-science-research-on-global-maternal-and-child-nutrition-and-health-a-landscape-review
#8
REVIEW
Jack Odle, Sheila K Jacobi, R Dean Boyd, Dale E Bauman, Russell V Anthony, Fuller W Bazer, Adam L Lock, Andrew C Serazin
High among the challenges facing mankind as the world population rapidly expands toward 9 billion people by 2050 is the technological development and implementation of sustainable agriculture and food systems to supply abundant and wholesome nutrition. In many low-income societies, women and children are the most vulnerable to food insecurity, and it is unequivocal that quality nutrition during the first 1000 d of life postconception can be transformative in establishing a robust, lifelong developmental trajectory...
March 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293284/maternal-common-mental-disorders-and-associated-factors-a-cross-sectional-study-in-an-urban-slum-area-of-dhaka-bangladesh
#9
Ahad Mahmud Khan, Meerjady Sabrina Flora
BACKGROUND: Poor maternal mental health has a negative impact on child growth and development. The objective of the study was to find out the associated factors of maternal common mental disorders (CMD) in an urban slum area of Bangladesh. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out from September to November 2013 among conveniently selected 264 mothers having under-five children at Kamrangirchar area of Dhaka. A structured questionnaire based on Self-Reporting Questionnaire-20 (SRQ-20) was used for data collection where a cut-off of 7 was considered to ascertain CMD...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289953/decomposing-the-household-food-insecurity-gap-for-children-of-u-s-born-and-foreign-born-hispanics-evidence-from-1998-to-2011
#10
Irma Arteaga, Stephanie Potochnick, Sarah Parsons
Using the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-K, multivariate analysis, state fixed effects, and regression decomposition, we examine changes in food insecurity for Hispanic kindergarteners between 1998 and 2011, a time period of rapid immigration and political/socio-economic changes. During this time the household food insecurity gap between children of U.S.-born and foreign-born mothers increased by almost 7 percentage points. The factors-child, family, and state-that contributed to the nativity gap differed over time...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288956/home-based-intervention-program-to-reduce-food-insecurity-in-elderly-populations-using-a-tv-app-study-protocol-of-the-randomized-controlled-trial-sa%C3%A3%C2%BAde-come-senior
#11
Ana Maria Rodrigues, Maria João Gregório, Pierre Gein, Mónica Eusébio, Maria José Santos, Rute Dinis de Sousa, Pedro S Coelho, Jorge M Mendes, Pedro Graça, Pedro Oliveira, Jaime C Branco, Helena Canhão
BACKGROUND: The limited or uncertain access to adequate food in elderly people includes not only economic restrictions but also inability of food utilization due to functional or cognitive impairment, health problems, and illiteracy. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work is to present the protocol of the randomized controlled trial Saúde.Come Senior, an educational and motivational television (TV)-based intervention to promote healthy lifestyles and decrease food insecurity in elderly people...
March 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283129/education-mitigates-the-relationship-of-stress-and-mental-disorders-among-rural-indian-women
#12
Nisha Fahey, Apurv Soni, Jeroan Allison, Jagdish Vankar, Anusha Prabhakaran, Tiffany A Moore Simas, Nancy Byatt, Ajay Phatak, Eileen O'Keefe, Somashekhar Nimbalkar
BACKGROUND: Common mental disorders (CMD) are a constellation of mental health conditions that include depression, anxiety, and other related nonpsychotic affective disorders. Qualitative explanatory models of mental health among reproductive-aged women in India reveal that distress is strongly associated with CMD. The relationship of perceived stress and CMD might be attenuated or exacerbated based on an individual's sociodemographic characteristics. OBJECTIVES: To screen for Common Mental Disorders (CMD) among reproductive-aged women from rural western India and explore how the relationship between perceived stress and CMD screening status varies by sociodemographic characteristics...
September 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275045/food-insecurity-and-mental-health-an-analysis-of-routine-primary-care-data-of-pregnant-women-in-the-born-in-bradford-cohort
#13
Madeleine Power, Eleonora Uphoff, Brian Kelly, Kate E Pickett
BACKGROUND: Since 2008, use of food banks has risen sharply in the UK; however, evidence on the epidemiology of UK food insecurity is sparse. The aim of this study was to describe the trajectory of common mental disorder across the pre-pregnancy, pregnancy and postnatal period for food secure compared with food insecure women. METHODS: Data from the Born in Bradford (BiB) cohort, the nested BiB1000 study and primary care records were linked based on National Health Service (NHS) numbers...
April 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273802/the%C3%A2-prevalence%C3%A2-of%C3%A2-micronutrient%C3%A2-deficiencies%C3%A2-and%C3%A2-inadequacies%C3%A2-in%C3%A2-the%C3%A2-middle%C3%A2-east%C3%A2-and%C3%A2-approaches%C3%A2-to%C3%A2-interventions
#14
REVIEW
Nahla Hwalla, Ayesha Salem Al Dhaheri, Hadia Radwan, Hanan Abdullah Alfawaz, Mona A Fouda, Nasser Mohammed Al-Daghri, Sahar Zaghloul, Jeffrey B Blumberg
Micronutrient deficiencies and inadequacies constitute a global health issue, particularly among countries in the Middle East. The objective of this review is to identify micronutrient deficits in the Middle East and to consider current and new approaches to address this problem. Based on the availability of more recent data, this review is primarily focused on countries that are in advanced nutrition transition. Prominent deficits in folate, iron, and vitamin D are noted among children/adolescents, women of childbearing age, pregnant women, and the elderly...
March 3, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273035/the-association-of-household-food-security-household-characteristics-and-school-environment-with-obesity-status-among-off-reserve-first-nations-and-m%C3%A3-tis-children-and-youth-in-canada-results-from-the-2012-aboriginal-peoples-survey
#15
Jasmin Bhawra, Martin J Cooke, Yanling Guo, Piotr Wilk
INTRODUCTION: Indigenous children are twice as likely to be classified as obese and three times as likely to experience household food insecurity when compared with non- Indigenous Canadian children. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between food insecurity and weight status among Métis and off-reserve First Nations children and youth across Canada. METHODS: We obtained data on children and youth aged 6 to 17 years (n = 6900) from the 2012 Aboriginal Peoples Survey...
March 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271967/community-food-environments-and-healthy-food-access-among-older-adults-a-review-of-the-evidence-for-the-senior-farmers-market-nutrition-program-sfmnp
#16
Kellie O'Dare Wilson
Although an array of federal, state, and local programs exist that target food insecurity and the specific nutritional needs of seniors, food insecurity among older adults in the United States remains a persistent problem, particularly in minority and rural populations. Food insecurity is highly predictive of inadequate fresh fruit and vegetable (FFV) consumption in particular. The Senior Farmers' Market Nutrition Program (SFMNP) is a community-based program to help seniors purchase FFVs at farmer's markets in their neighborhoods...
April 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270912/living-on-the-edge-precariousness-and-why-it-matters-for-health
#17
EDITORIAL
Martin McKee, Aaron Reeves, Amy Clair, David Stuckler
The post-war period in Europe, between the late 1940s and the 1970s, was characterised by an expansion of the role of by the state, protecting its citizens from risks of unemployment, poverty, homelessness, and food insecurity. This security began to erode in the 1980s as a result of privatisation and deregulation. The withdrawal of the state further accelerated after the 2008 financial crisis, as countries began pursuing deep austerity. The result has been a rise in what has been termed 'precariousness'. Here we review the development of the concept of precariousness and related phenomena of vulnerability and resilience, before reviewing evidence of growing precariousness in European countries...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268079/gender-disparities-in-the-food-insecurity-overweight-and-food-insecurity-obesity-paradox-among-low-income-older-adults
#18
Daphne C Hernandez, Layton Reesor, Rosenda Murillo
BACKGROUND: Obesity and obesity-related comorbidities are increasing among older adults. Food insecurity is a nutrition-related factor that coexists with obesity among low-income individuals. The majority of the research on the food insecurity-obesity paradox has been conducted on low-income mothers and children, with research lacking on large diverse samples of older adults. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess gender disparities in the association between food insecurity and overweight and obesity among low-income older adults...
March 3, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265359/the-relationship-between-agricultural-biodiversity-dietary-diversity-household-food-security-and-stunting-of-children-in-rural-kenya
#19
Florence K M'Kaibi, Nelia P Steyn, Sophie A Ochola, Lissane Du Plessis
The study was to determine the role of Dietary diversity (DD), household food security (HFS), and agricultural biodiversity (AB) on stunted growth in children. Two cross-sectional studies were undertaken 6 months apart. Interviews were done with mothers/caregivers and anthropometric measurements of children 24-59 months old. HFS was assessed by household food insecurity access scale (HFIAS). A repeated 24-h recall was used to calculate a dietary diversity score (DDS). Agricultural biodiversity (AB) was calculated by counting the number of edible plants and animals...
March 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264008/women-s-autonomy-and-men-s-involvement-in-child-care-and-feeding-as-predictors-of-infant-and-young-child-anthropometric-indices-in-coffee-farming-households-of-jimma-zone-south-west-of-ethiopia
#20
Kalkidan Hassen Abate, Tefera Belachew
BACKGROUND: Most of child mortality and under nutrition in developing world were attributed to suboptimal childcare and feeding, which needs detailed investigation beyond the proximal factors. This study was conducted with the aim of assessing associations of women's autonomy and men's involvement with child anthropometric indices in cash crop livelihood areas of South West Ethiopia. METHODS: Multi-stage stratified sampling was used to select 749 farming households living in three coffee producing sub-districts of Jimma zone, Ethiopia...
2017: PloS One
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