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Food insecurity

Kathleen F Gaffney, Albert V Brito, Panagiota Kitsantas, Deborah A Kermer, Graciela Pereddo, Katya M Ramos
PURPOSES: Describe implementation of Institute of Medicine (IOM) early infant feeding recommendations for child obesity prevention by immigrant mothers from Central America; examine potential relationships with food insecurity and postpartum depressive symptoms. DESIGN AND METHODS: Using a cross-sectional, descriptive design, face-to-face interviews were conducted with 318 mothers of 2month old infants at a large pediatric setting for low income families. Logistic regression models assessed feeding practices, food insecurity and postpartum depressive symptoms...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Zach Conrad, LuAnn K Johnson, James N Roemmich, WenYen Juan, Lisa Jahns
BACKGROUND: Diet quality among federal food assistance program participants remains low, and little research has assessed the diet quality of food insecure non-participants. Further research is needed to assess the extent to which food substitutions can improve the nutritional status of these vulnerable populations. Substituting egg dishes for other commonly consumed dishes at certain eating occasions may be an effective strategy for improving the daily nutrient intake among these groups...
May 17, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Melissa Luciana de Araújo, Raquel de Deus Mendonça, José Divino Lopes Filho, Aline Cristine Souza Lopes
BACKGROUND: We aim to identify the prevalence of food insecurity and to ascertain the association between food insecurity and food intake. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey. SETTING: The study included users of a primary healthcare service in Belo Horizonte, Brazil, from 2013 to 2014. Socioeconomic, health, and food intake data were gathered using a questionnaire and the Brazilian Food Insecurity Scale. SUBJECTS: Individuals 20 years old or older (n = 2817)...
March 28, 2018: Nutrition
Valerie Tarasuk, Timmie Li, Andrew Mitchell, Naomi Dachner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
Lwendo Moonzwe Davis, Kristin Marie Kostick
Women are most exposed to sexual health risks within their marital relationships, primarily due to the sexually risky behaviours of their spouses. Studies show that expanding agency is critical for women to mitigate both physical and sexual health risks and is linked to increased psycho-social well-being and economic independence. Drawing on qualitative and quantitative primary data collected from a peri-urban community in Zambia, this paper explores how women exert agency in a community where few educational and economic opportunities and substantial food insecurity exacerbate women's risk for HIV within their marital relationships...
May 15, 2018: Culture, Health & Sexuality
Emerta Aragie, Jean Balié, Cristian MoralesOpazo
Reducing food losses and waste (FLW) is one of the sustainable ways of closing the food requirement gap in developing countries. However, there is not yet adequate knowledge on the extent of FLW by commodity type and stage of the food supply chain (FSC). Focusing on ten agrarian countries in Africa and building mainly on the Food and Agriculture Organization's Food Balance Sheets (FBSs), this study generates some new insights on the level of FLW by country, FSC and food type. Across the FSC, we find that these countries lose a cumulative amount equivalent to 28% (641 kilocalories per capita per day - kcal/cap/day) of the current calorie intake...
May 1, 2018: Waste Management & Research
María Del Carmen Morales Ruán, Danae Gabriela Valenzuela Bravo, Alejandra Jiménez Aguilar, Lucía Cuevas Nasu, Ignacio Méndez Gómez Humarán, Teresa Shamah Levy
INTRODUCTION: food diversity is an approximation of diet quality. In Mexico, the Food Support Program (PAL, by its acronym in Spanish) grants support to families facing food poverty, in form of cash (PAL EFECTIVO) or through monetary transfers on a card intended exclusively for the purchase of food (PAL SIN-HAMBRE), seeking to improve their food diversity. OBJECTIVE: to compare the dietary diversity in women beneficiaries of both schemes and their association with the level of food insecurity (FI) at household level...
February 16, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Savannah Hobbs, Christian King
OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations of food insecurity with children's cognitive and behavioral outcomes using quantile regression. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study dataset. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 2,046 children aged 5 years. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Child behavioral outcomes were measured using externalizing (aggressive) and internalizing (emotional) behavior problems. Child cognitive outcomes were measured using the Peabody Vocabulary test and the Woodcock-Johnson letter-word identification test...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Sedigheh Yeganeh, Niloofar Motamed, Saeid NajafpourBoushehri, Maryam Ravanipour
BACKGROUND: Among the main elements of food security, in terms of food usage, are knowledge and attitude. These are particularly important during the initial two years of a child's life. The present study was conducted in 2016 and aimed to assess the knowledge and attitude of infants' mothers from Bushehr (Iran) towards food security using anthropometric indicators. METHODS: The present cross-sectional, descriptive-analytical study was performed on 400 mothers of children aged 1-2 years in Bushehr, Iran...
May 11, 2018: BMC Public Health
Breanne N Wright, Regan L Bailey, Bruce A Craig, Richard D Mattes, Lacey McCormack, Suzanne Stluka, Lisa Franzen-Castle, Becky Henne, Donna Mehrle, Dan Remley, Heather A Eicher-Miller
Emergency food pantries provide food at no cost to low-resource populations. The purpose of this study was to evaluate single-day dietary intake patterns before and after visiting a food pantry among food-secure and food-insecure pantry clients. This observational cohort study comprised a paired, before-and-after design with a pantry visit as the intervention. Participants ( n = 455) completed a demographic and food security assessment, and two 24-h dietary recalls. Adult food security was measured using the U...
May 9, 2018: Nutrients
M Del Carmen Morales-Ruán, Teresa Shamah-Levy, Verónica Mundo-Rosas, Lucía Cuevas-Nasu, Ana Lilia Lozada-Tequeanes, Martín Romero-Martínez
OBJECTIVE: To describe the coverage and targeting of Social Food Assistance Programs (SFAP) in Mexico. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were obtained from 9 137 households of the Halfway National Health and Nutrition Survey 2016 (Ensanut MC 2016) who receive SFAP. The distribution of the SFAP by place of residence, index of socioeconomic status and SFAP relevance were analyzed. RESULTS: 44% of households receive some SFAP, with a higher concentration in indigenous households (70%), a very low socioeconomic level (70%), and moderate and severe food insecurity...
May 2018: Salud Pública de México
Verónica Mundo-Rosas, Norma Isela Vizuet-Vega, Jesús Martínez-Domínguez, M Del Carmen Morales-Ruán, Rafael Pérez-Escamilla, Teresa Shamah-Levy
OBJECTIVE: To describe three relevant aspects of household food insecurity (FI) in Mexico: its magnitude, its distribution by social and nutritional vulnerability characteristics; its evolution between 2012 and 2016 and the effect of food assistance programs on FI in Mexican households. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data on 9 019 households were drawn from the 2016 National Health and Nutrition Survey (Ensanut 2016 for its Spanish initials) and were compared with data from the 2012 Ensanut...
May 2018: Salud Pública de México
Victoria L Sibson, Carlos S Grijalva-Eternod, Garba Noura, Julia Lewis, Kwanli Kladstrup, Hassan Haghparast-Bidgoli, Jolene Skordis-Worrall, Tim Colbourn, Joanna Morrison, Andrew J Seal
Unconditional cash transfers (UCTs) are used as a humanitarian intervention to prevent acute malnutrition, despite a lack of evidence about their effectiveness. In Niger, UCT and supplementary feeding are given during the June-September "lean season," although admissions of malnourished children to feeding programmes may rise from March/April. We hypothesised that earlier initiation of the UCT would reduce the prevalence of global acute malnutrition (GAM) in children 6-59 months old in beneficiary households and at population level...
May 8, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Sudeep Shrestha, Andrew L Thorne-Lyman, Swetha Manohar, Binod Shrestha, Sumanta Neupane, Ruchita Rajbhandary, Raman Shrestha, Rolf Dw Klemm, Bareng As Nonyane, Ramesh K Adhikari, Patrick Webb, Keith P West
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Preschool undernutrition remains a burden in Nepal. This paper reports results of surveys in 2013 and 2014, examining patterns of child nutritional status across the country, associations with household food insecurity and antecedent comparative national data for subsequent evaluations of nutritional status following the earthquake in Nepal in 2015. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A multi-stage sample was drawn comprising 21 sites in 75 districts of the country, representing the mountains, hills and Terai zones, providing proportionate to zonal samples of 4286 and 4947 households and 5401 and 5474 preschool children in each year, respectively...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Anne Fuller, Mary Jo Messito, Alan L Mendelsohn, Suzette O Oyeku, Rachel S Gross
OBJECTIVE: Prenatal maternal stresses have been associated with infant temperament patterns linked to later behavioral difficulties. Material hardships, defined as inability to meet basic needs, are important prenatal stressors. Our objective was to determine the associations between prenatal material hardships and infant temperament at 10 months. METHODS: This was a longitudinal study of mother-infant pairs in a randomized controlled trial of a primary care-based early obesity prevention program (Starting Early)...
May 2, 2018: Academic Pediatrics
Pamela Behrman, Jill Demirci, Betina Yanez, Nisha Beharie, Helena Laroche
Deep cuts have been proposed to federally funded nutrition assistance programs, including the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP); the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC); and federally subsidized school breakfast and lunch programs. Yet, these programs help parents afford healthy meals for their families, pregnant and postpartum mothers access supplemental foods and health services for themselves and their infants and young children, and children obtain the nutrition necessary for optimal school performance...
May 3, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Andrew Gibbs, Julienne Corboz, Rachel Jewkes
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is exceedingly common in conflict and post-conflict settings. We first seek to describe factors associated with past 12 month IPV amongst currently married women in Afghanistan, focused on the factors typically assumed to drive IPV. Second, to describe whether IPV is independently associated with a range of health outcomes. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of currently married Afghan women, comprising the baseline study of a trial to prevent IPV...
May 3, 2018: BMC Public Health
Elizabeth Radcliff, Erin Gustafson, Elizabeth Crouch, Kevin J Bennett
In 2015, over 15 percent of U.S. households with children were food insecure at some point during the year. The largest program created to address food insecurity in the United States is the Supplemental Nutritional Assistance Program (SNAP). However, research has suggested that safety net programs such as SNAP may be underutilized by eligible families. This secondary data analysis examined receipt of SNAP benefits among 2,249 SNAP-eligible participants in a South Carolina home visiting program. Benefit status was obtained at program enrollment and six months post-enrollment...
May 2, 2018: Social Work
Marie C Gualtieri, Amy M Donley, James D Wright, Sara Strickhouser Vega
The United States is witnessing a growing aging population stemming in part from medical advancements allowing people to live decades longer than previous generations. Simultaneously, food insecurity among older adults has increased, and is projected to get worse as the Baby Boomer generation ages. This review focuses on an assistance program for older adults: home-delivered meals. Specifically, we focus on the effects of Meals on Wheels (MOW) on the physical and emotional well-being of older adults, and the wide variety of procedural and operational issues that various MOW programs around the country experience...
May 2018: Home Healthcare Now
Ahmed A Abdurahman, Eshetu E Chaka, S Nedjat, Ahmed Reza Dorosty, R Majdzadeh
BACKGROUND: The link between household food insecurity and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus still remains controversial. Therefore, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to clarify the association between household food insecurity and type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: EMBASE, PubMed, ISI Web of Science and Scopus databases were searched up to March 2017. The selection of studies, data extraction and assessing the risk of bias in the included studies were carried out by two reviewers independently...
May 2, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
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