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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107221/cash-vs-food-assistance-to-improve-adherence-to-antiretroviral-therapy-among-hiv-infected-adults-in-tanzania-a-randomized-trial
#1
Sandra I McCoy, Prosper F Njau, Carolyn Fahey, Ntuli Kapologwe, Suneetha Kadiyala, Nicholas P Jewell, William H Dow, Nancy S Padian
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the effectiveness of short-term cash and food assistance to improve adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) and retention in care among people living with HIV in Tanzania. METHODS: At three clinics, 805 participants were randomized to three groups in a 3 : 3 : 1 ratio, stratified by site : nutrition assessment and counseling (NAC) and cash transfers (∼$11/month, n = 347), NAC and food baskets (n = 345), and NAC-only (comparison group, n = 113, clinicaltrials...
January 19, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106815/social-dysfunction-and-diet-outcomes-in-people-with-psychosis
#2
Doreen Mucheru, Mary-Claire Hanlon, Linda E Campbell, Mark McEvoy, Lesley MacDonald-Wicks
This analysis aimed to examine the association of social dysfunction with food security status, fruit intake, vegetable intake, meal frequency and breakfast consumption in people with psychosis from the Hunter New England (HNE) catchment site of the Survey of High Impact Psychosis (SHIP). Social dysfunction and dietary information were collected using standardised tools. Independent binary logistic regressions were used to examine the association between social dysfunction and food security status, fruit intake, vegetable intake, meal frequency and breakfast consumption...
January 19, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103070/food-insecurity-and-chronic-diseases-among-american-indians-in-rural-oklahoma-the-thrive-study
#3
Valarie Blue Bird Jernigan, Marianna S Wetherill, Jordan Hearod, Tvli Jacob, Alica L Salvatore, Tamela Cannady, Mandy Grammar, Joy Standridge, Jill Fox, Jennifer Spiegel, AnDina Wiley, Carolyn Noonan, Dedra Buchwald
OBJECTIVES: To examine food insecurity and cardiovascular disease-related health outcomes among American Indians (AIs) in rural Oklahoma. METHODS: We surveyed a cross-sectional sample of 513 AI adults to assess food insecurity domains (i.e., food quality and quantity) and obesity, diabetes, and hypertension. RESULTS: Among AIs surveyed, 56% reported inadequate food quantity and 62% reported inadequate food quality. The unadjusted prevalence of diabetes (28...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099090/nutritional-evaluation-bioaccumulation-and-toxicological-assessment-of-heavy-metals-in-edible-fruits-of-ficussurforssk-moraceae
#4
Olumuyiwa O O Ogunlaja, Roshila Moodley, Himansu Baijnath, Sreekantha B Jonnalagadda
Ficussur (Moraceae) is an indigenous medicinal plant with a wide distribution in Africa. In this study, the nutritional potential fruit of this indigenous plant to meet domestic food demands and reduce food insecurity in KwaZulu-Natal. South Africa, was investigated. The proximate composition and concentrations of metals in the edible fruits collected from eight different sites in KwaZulu-Natal were determined to assess for nutritional value and the concentrations of metals in the growth soil was determined to evaluate the impact of soil quality on elemental uptake...
February 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part. B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097614/comprehensive-and-medically-appropriate-food-support-is-associated-with-improved-hiv-and-diabetes-health
#5
Kartika Palar, Tessa Napoles, Lee L Hufstedler, Hilary Seligman, Fredrick M Hecht, Kimberly Madsen, Mark Ryle, Simon Pitchford, Edward A Frongillo, Sheri D Weiser
Food insecurity is associated with negative chronic health outcomes, yet few studies have examined how providing medically appropriate food assistance to food-insecure individuals may improve health outcomes in resource-rich settings. We evaluated a community-based food support intervention in the San Francisco Bay Area for people living with HIV and/or type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) to determine the feasibility, acceptability, and potential impact of the intervention on nutritional, mental health, disease management, healthcare utilization, and physical health outcomes...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079721/an-exploratory-study-to-assess-individual-and-structural-level-barriers-associated-with-poor-retention-and-re-engagement-in-care-among-persons-living-with-hiv-aids
#6
Jonathan Colasanti, Natalie Stahl, Eugene W Farber, Carlos Del Rio, Wendy S Armstrong
BACKGROUND: Retention in care is the most challenging step along the HIV care continuum. Many patients who engage in care and achieve viral suppression have care interruptions, characterized by moving in and out of care ("churn"). Poor retention has clinical consequences and contributes to new HIV transmissions, but how to predict or prevent it remains elusive. This study sought to understand the relationship between individual- and structural-level barriers, and poor retention for persons living with HIV/AIDS in Atlanta, GA...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076748/are-low-to-middle-income-households-experiencing-food-insecurity-in-victoria-australia-an-examination-of-the-victorian-population-health-survey-2006-2009
#7
Sue Kleve, Zoe E Davidson, Emma Gearon, Sue Booth, Claire Palermo
Food insecurity affects health and wellbeing. Little is known about the relationship between food insecurity across income levels. This study aims to investigate the prevalence and frequency of food insecurity in low-to-middle-income Victorian households over time and identify factors associated with food insecurity in these households. Prevalence and frequency of food insecurity was analysed across household income levels using data from the cross-sectional 2006-09 Victorian Population Health Surveys (VPHS)...
January 12, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073623/stretching-food-and-being-creative-caregiver-responses-to-child-food-insecurity
#8
Michael P Burke, Lauren H Martini, Christine E Blake, Nicholas A Younginer, Carrie L Draper, Bethany A Bell, Angela D Liese, Sonya J Jones
OBJECTIVE: To examine the strategies and behaviors caregivers use to manage the household food supply when their children experience food insecurity as measured by the US Department of Agriculture's Household Food Security Survey Module. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey with open-ended questions collected in person. SETTING: Urban and nonurban areas, South Carolina, US. PARTICIPANTS: Caregivers who reported food insecurity among their children (n = 746)...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057079/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-use-of-khat-a-survey-of-patients-entering-hiv-treatment-programs-in-ethiopia
#9
Alan R Lifson, Sale Workneh, Tibebe Shenie, Desalegn Admassu Ayana, Zenebe Melaku, Lemlem Bezabih, Hiwot Tekle Waktola, Behailu Dagne, Rose Hilk, Ken C Winters, Lucy Slater
BACKGROUND: Khat, a plant native to East Africa, has psychoactive constituents similar to amphetamine. Chronic khat use can lead to psychological dependence with multiple physical and mental health harms, complicating clinical management of people living with HIV. In two Ethiopian cities where khat is common, we evaluated prevalence and correlates of khat use among patients new to HIV care. METHODS: During 2013-2014, we surveyed 322 patients recently enrolled in HIV clinics in Dire Dawa and Harar about khat use, demographics, smoking and alcohol use, clinical illness, food insecurity, and social support...
January 6, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056945/a-mixed-methods-study-to-assess-the-effectiveness-of-food-based-interventions-to-prevent-stunting-among-children-under-five-years-in-districts-thatta-and-sujawal-sindh-province-pakistan-study-protocol
#10
Sumra Kureishy, Gul Nawaz Khan, Shabina Arrif, Khizar Ashraf, Angela Cespedes, Muhammad Atif Habib, Imtiaz Hussain, Asmat Ullah, Ali Turab, Imran Ahmed, Shehla Zaidi, Sajid Bashir Soofi
BACKGROUND: Maternal and child malnutrition is widely prevalent in low and middle income countries. In Pakistan, widespread food insecurity and malnutrition are the main contributors to poor health, low survival rates and the loss of human capital development. The nutritional status trends among children exhibit a continuous deteriorating with rates of malnutrition exceeding the WHO critical threshold. With the high prevalence of maternal and child malnutrition, it is important to identify effective preventative approaches, especially for reducing stunting in children under-five years of age...
January 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052888/food-insecurity-but-not-hiv-infection-status-is-associated-with-adverse-changes-in-body-composition-during-lactation-in-ugandan-women-of-mixed-hiv-status
#11
Elizabeth M Widen, Shalean M Collins, Hijab Khan, Claire Biribawa, Daniel Acidri, Winifred Achoko, Harriet Achola, Shibani Ghosh, Jeffrey K Griffiths, Sera L Young
BACKGROUND: Body composition is an important indicator of nutritional status and health. How body composition changes during 12 mo of breastfeeding in HIV-infected women receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) is unknown. OBJECTIVE: We assessed whether HIV or food insecurity was associated with adverse postpartum body-composition changes in Ugandan women. DESIGN: A cohort of 246 women [36.5% of whom were HIV positive (HIV+) and were receiving ART] were followed to 12 mo postpartum...
January 4, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050058/sustainable-crop-intensification-through-surface-water-irrigation-in-bangladesh-a-geospatial-assessment-of-landscape-scale-production-potential
#12
Timothy J Krupnik, Urs Schulthess, Zia Uddin Ahmed, Andrew J McDonald
Changing dietary preferences and population growth in South Asia have resulted in increasing demand for wheat and maize, along side high and sustained demand for rice. In the highly productive northwestern Indo-Gangetic Plains of South Asia, farmers utilize groundwater irrigation to assure that at least two of these crops are sequenced on the same field within the same year. Such double cropping has had a significant and positive influence on regional agricultural productivity. But in the risk-prone and food insecure lower Eastern Indo-Gangetic Plains (EIGP), cropping is less intensive...
January 2017: Land Use Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043828/household-food-insecurity-during-childhood-and-adolescent-misconduct
#13
Dylan B Jackson, Michael G Vaughn
A large body of research has found that household food insecurity can interfere with the healthy development of children. The link between household food insecurity during childhood and misbehaviors during adolescence, however, is not commonly explored. The objective of the current study is to assess whether household food insecurity across childhood predicts four different forms of misconduct during early adolescence. Data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-1999 (ECLS-K), a nationally representative sample of U...
December 30, 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036008/food-and-nutrition-insecurity-in-selected-rural-communities-of-kwazulu-natal-south-africa-linking-human-nutrition-and-agriculture
#14
REVIEW
Laurencia Govender, Kirthee Pillay, Muthulisi Siwela, Albert Modi, Tafadzwanashe Mabhaudhi
Lack of access to nutritious and balanced diets remains a major impediment to the health and well-being of people living in rural areas. The study utilizes a qualitative systematic approach to conduct an environmental scan and review of scientific literature of studies conducted in South Africa, specifically KwaZulu-Natal (KZN). Availability and access to nutritious, diverse and balanced diets were identified as key constraints for achieving food and nutrition security as well as for human health and well-being...
December 27, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034737/strategies-used-by-overweight-and-obese-low-income-mothers-to-feed-their-families-in-urban-brazil
#15
Priscila de Morais Sato, Ramiro Fernandes Unsain, Joel Gittelsohn, João Gabriel Sanches Tavares da Silva, Isabel Cristina Gonçalves Perez, Fernanda Baeza Scagliusi
OBJECTIVE: To describe and compare strategies adopted by overweight and obese low-income mothers living in different vulnerable contexts to deal with food constraints and feed their families. DESIGN: Qualitative in-depth interviews. Data were analyzed with exploratory content analysis and the number of segments per theme was used to compare neighborhoods. SETTING: Three low-income neighborhoods in Santos, Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: A purposive sample of 21 overweight or obese mothers...
December 26, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032214/perinatal-suicidal-ideation-and-behaviour-psychiatry-and-adversity
#16
Michael Nnachebe Onah, Sally Field, Jason Bantjes, Simone Honikman
Pregnant women are at increased risk for suicidal ideation and behaviours (SIB) compared to the general population. To date, studies have focused on the psychiatric correlates of SIB with lesser attention given to the associated contextual risk factors, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. We investigated the prevalence and associated psychiatric and socio-economic contextual factors for SIB among pregnant women living in low resource communities in South Africa. Three hundred seventy-six pregnant women were evaluated using a range of tools to collect data on socio-economic and demographic factors, social support, life events, interpersonal violence and mental health diagnoses...
December 28, 2016: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030971/suicidal-ideation-and-behaviour-among-persons-seeking-hiv-testing-in-peri-urban-areas-of-cape-town-south-africa-a-lost-opportunity-for-suicide-prevention
#17
Jason Bantjes, Ashraf Kagee, Wylene Saal
Suicidal ideation and behaviour (SIB) are among the psychiatric sequela of HIV/AIDS. Few studies have however examined the prevalence and correlates of SIB among persons seeking HIV testing. We set out to document the prevalence and correlates of SIB among people seeking HIV testing in peri-urban areas of Cape Town, South Africa (SA). A cross-sectional research design was used to recruit a sample (n = 500) of individuals seeking HIV testing. Self-report measures were used to assess two-week prevalence of SIB as well as life-time prevalence of suicide attempt...
December 28, 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027626/developments-in-clinical-food-and-nutrition-science-in-indonesia
#18
Widjaja Lukito, Lindawati Wibowo, Mark L Wahlqvist
Indonesia, as a major population in the Asia Pacific region, threatened with food and health insecurity through climate change and rapid economic development, faces the challenge to build capacity among its science-based food and health professionals and institutions. The nutrition research agenda is now being more actively set within the region, rather than by external imposition. A series of papers emanating from a new generation of public health and clinical nutrition scientists is reported in this issue of APJCN...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026712/hunger-and-overweight-in-canadian-school-aged-children-a-propensity-score-matching-analysis
#19
Mariane Sentenac, Geneviève Gariepy, Britt McKinnon, Frank J Elgar
OBJECTIVE: The last decade saw a higher prevalence of overweight reported among food-insecure families in Canada, but no robust evidence exists on the covariate-adjusted association in children. In this study, we examined the association between hunger and overweight in Canadian students, using a propensity score matching analysis to reduce confounding. METHODS: This research used data from the 2009/2010 Canadian Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study on a representative national sample of students in Grades 6 through 10...
December 27, 2016: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017283/the-association-of-food-insecurity-with-health-outcomes-for-adults-with-disabilities
#20
Debra L Brucker
BACKGROUND: Adults with disabilities are more likely to live in households that are food insecure and are more likely to experience health disparities than adults without disabilities. Research examining the intersection of food insecurity and health outcomes for adults with disabilities has so far been lacking, however. OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: The research presented here tests whether living in a food insecure household is associated with poorer self-reported health and mental health and different health care utilization, controlling for disability status and other sociodemographic characteristics...
December 19, 2016: Disability and Health Journal
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