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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822743/medical-management-of-patients-with-a%C3%A2-left-ventricular-assist-device-for-the%C3%A2-non-left-ventricular-assist-device%C3%A2-specialist
#1
REVIEW
Adam D DeVore, Priyesh A Patel, Chetan B Patel
More than 2,400 continuous-flow left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) are implanted each year in the United States alone. Both the number of patients living with LVADs and the life expectancy of these patients are increasing. As a result, patients with LVADs are increasingly encountered by non-LVAD specialists who do not have training in managing advanced heart failure for general medical care, cardiovascular procedures, and other subspecialty care. An understanding of the initial evaluation and management of patients with LVADs is now an essential skill for many health care providers...
August 3, 2017: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822717/searching-for-monocular-microsaccades-a-red-hering-of-modern-eye-trackers
#2
Marcus Nyström, Richard Andersson, Diederick C Niehorster, Ignace Hooge
Despite early reports and the contemporary consensus on microsaccades as purely binocular phenomena, recent work has proposed not only the existence of monocular microsaccades, but also that they serve functional purposes. We take a critical look at the detection of monocular microsaccades from a signal perspective, using raw data and a state-of-the-art, video-based eye tracker. In agreement with previous work, monocular detections were present in all participants using a standard microsaccade detection algorithm...
August 16, 2017: Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822563/effect-of-pericardial-fat-volume-and-density-on-markers-of-insulin-resistance-and-inflammation-in-patients-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection
#3
Chris T Longenecker, Seunghee Margevicius, Yiying Liu, Mark D Schluchter, Chun-Ho Yun, Hiram G Bezerra, Grace A McComsey
Treated human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is characterized by ectopic fat deposition, a persistent inflammatory state, and increased cardiometabolic risk. In this secondary analysis of a placebo controlled trial of rosuvastatin among 147 HIV+ subjects (median age 46; 78% men) on stable antiretroviral therapy, we aimed to evaluate longitudinal associations between computed tomography (CT) measures of pericardial fat (PCF) volume and density, insulin resistance, and inflammation. We measured PCF volume and density (mean attenuation in Hounsfield units) by noncontrast gated CT at baseline and week 96...
July 24, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822323/discriminative-clustering-on-manifold-for-adaptive-transductive-classification
#4
Zhao Zhang, Lei Jia, Min Zhang, Bing Li, Li Zhang, Fanzhang Li
In this paper, we mainly propose a novel adaptive transductive label propagation approach by joint discriminative clustering on manifolds for representing and classifying high-dimensional data. Our framework seamlessly combines the unsupervised manifold learning, discriminative clustering and adaptive classification into a unified model. Also, our method incorporates the adaptive graph weight construction with label propagation. Specifically, our method is capable of propagating label information using adaptive weights over low-dimensional manifold features, which is different from most existing studies that usually predict the labels and construct the weights in the original Euclidean space...
August 1, 2017: Neural Networks: the Official Journal of the International Neural Network Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822228/computerized-neurocognitive-interventions-in-the-context-of-the-brain-training-controversy
#5
Rebeca Isabel García-Betances, María Fernanda Cabrera-Umpiérrez, María T Arredondo
This article presents, in the form of an analytic narrative review, a complete picture of the state-of-the-art, challenges, and perspectives in the field of information and communication technology (ICT)-based neurocognitive interventions for older adults. The narrative particularly focuses on applications aimed at mild cognitive impairment and similar age-related cognitive deficits, which are analyzed in the context of the brain training controversy. Clarifying considerations are provided about the nature and present extent of the brain training debate, regarding the possible influence it has on the support received by research and development initiatives dealing with innovative computerized neurocognitive interventions...
August 19, 2017: Reviews in the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821871/fermi-surface-and-effective-masses-in-photoemission-response-of-the-ba1-x-k-x-fe2as2-superconductor
#6
Gerald Derondeau, Federico Bisti, Masaki Kobayashi, Jürgen Braun, Hubert Ebert, Victor A Rogalev, Ming Shi, Thorsten Schmitt, Junzhang Ma, Hong Ding, Vladimir N Strocov, Ján Minár
The angle-resolved photoemission spectra of the superconductor (Ba1-x K x )Fe2As2 have been investigated accounting coherently for spin-orbit coupling, disorder and electron correlation effects in the valence bands combined with final state, matrix element and surface effects. Our results explain the previously obscured origins of all salient features of the ARPES response of this paradigm pnictide compound and reveal the origin of the Lifshitz transition. Comparison of calculated ARPES spectra with the underlying DMFT band structure shows an important impact of final state effects, which result for three-dimensional states in a deviation of the ARPES spectra from the true spectral function...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821785/machine-learning-quantum-phases-of-matter-beyond-the-fermion-sign-problem
#7
Peter Broecker, Juan Carrasquilla, Roger G Melko, Simon Trebst
State-of-the-art machine learning techniques promise to become a powerful tool in statistical mechanics via their capacity to distinguish different phases of matter in an automated way. Here we demonstrate that convolutional neural networks (CNN) can be optimized for quantum many-fermion systems such that they correctly identify and locate quantum phase transitions in such systems. Using auxiliary-field quantum Monte Carlo (QMC) simulations to sample the many-fermion system, we show that the Green's function holds sufficient information to allow for the distinction of different fermionic phases via a CNN...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821737/combining-%C3%AE%C2%B5-near-zero-behavior-and-stopped-light-energy-bands-for-ultra-low-reflection-and-reduced-dispersion-of-slow-light
#8
Frank Bello, A Freddie Page, Andreas Pusch, Joachim M Hamm, John F Donegan, Ortwin Hess
We investigate media which exhibits epsilon-near-zero (ENZ) behavior while simultaneously sustaining stopped light energy bands which contain multiple points of zero group velocity (ZGV). This allows the merging of state-of-the-art phenomena that was hitherto attainable in media that demonstrated these traits separately. Specifically, we demonstrate the existence of Ferrell-Berreman (FB) modes within frequency bands bounded by points of ZGV with the goal to improve the coupling efficiency and localization of light in the media...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821347/stable-oil-laden-foams-formation-and-evolution
#9
REVIEW
Rémy Mensire, Elise Lorenceau
The interaction between oil and foam has been the subject of various studies. Indeed, oil can be an efficient defoaming agent, which can be highly valuable in various industrial applications where undesired foaming may occur, as seen in jet-dyeing processes or waste water treatment plant. However, oil and foam can also constructively interact as observed in detergency, fire-fighting, food and petroleum industries, where oil can be in the foam structure or put into contact with the foam without observing a catastrophic break-up of the foam...
August 2, 2017: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821237/evaluation-of-the-impact-of-illumina-error-correction-tools-on-de-novo-genome-assembly
#10
Mahdi Heydari, Giles Miclotte, Piet Demeester, Yves Van de Peer, Jan Fostier
BACKGROUND: Recently, many standalone applications have been proposed to correct sequencing errors in Illumina data. The key idea is that downstream analysis tools such as de novo genome assemblers benefit from a reduced error rate in the input data. Surprisingly, a systematic validation of this assumption using state-of-the-art assembly methods is lacking, even for recently published methods. RESULTS: For twelve recent Illumina error correction tools (EC tools) we evaluated both their ability to correct sequencing errors and their ability to improve de novo genome assembly in terms of contig size and accuracy...
August 18, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821228/sg-adviser-mtdna-a-web-server-for-mitochondrial-dna-annotation-with-data-from-200-samples-of-a-healthy-aging-cohort
#11
Manuel Rueda, Ali Torkamani
BACKGROUND: Whole genome and exome sequencing usually include reads containing mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). Yet, state-of-the-art pipelines and services for human nuclear genome variant calling and annotation do not handle mitochondrial genome data appropriately. As a consequence, any researcher desiring to add mtDNA variant analysis to their investigations is forced to explore the literature for mtDNA pipelines, evaluate them, and implement their own instance of the desired tool. This task is far from trivial, and can be prohibitive for non-bioinformaticians...
August 18, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820982/direct-analysis-no-sample-preparation-of-bioavailable-cortisol-in-human-plasma-by-weak-affinity-chromatography-wac
#12
Sten Ohlson, Jagjit Kaur, Manfred Raida, Ulf Niss, Tim Bengala, Chester Lee Drum, Bernhard Boehm, Anthony R Torres
Pre-analytical treatment of blood plasma is a time consuming and often rate limiting step in the workflow of LC/MS analysis. We present in this pilot study a new approach for quantitative LC/MS based on weak affinity chromatography (WAC) of crude plasma. The steroid hormone cortisol was selected as a clinically relevant biomarker, as it currently requires extensive pre-analytical preparation. A WAC unit with saturating, immobilized albumin as a prototypic weak binder was used in combination with an ion-funnel MS/MS detector to perform zonal affinity chromatography of cortisol directly from a plasma sample, followed by quantitative multiple reaction monitoring (MRM)...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820891/scene-text-detection-via-extremal-region-based-double-threshold-convolutional-network-classification
#13
Wei Zhu, Jing Lou, Longtao Chen, Qingyuan Xia, Mingwu Ren
In this paper, we present a robust text detection approach in natural images which is based on region proposal mechanism. A powerful low-level detector named saliency enhanced-MSER extended from the widely-used MSER is proposed by incorporating saliency detection methods, which ensures a high recall rate. Given a natural image, character candidates are extracted from three channels in a perception-based illumination invariant color space by saliency-enhanced MSER algorithm. A discriminative convolutional neural network (CNN) is jointly trained with multi-level information including pixel-level and character-level information as character candidate classifier...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820532/topotactic-transition-of-%C3%AE-co-oh-2-to-%C3%AE-co-oh-2-anchored-on-coo-nanoparticles-during-electrochemical-water-oxidation-synergistic-electrocatalytic-effects
#14
Sumana Kundu, Bibhudatta Malik, Amrutha Prabhakaran, Deepak K Pattanayak, Vijayamohanan K Pillai
Herein, we report a single step, anionic surfactant-assisted, low temperature-hydrothermal synthetic strategy of CoO nanoparticles anchored on β-Co(OH)2 nanosheets which show a low overpotential (295 mV @ 10 mA cm(-2)) for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER). They also demonstrate much better kinetic parameters compared to the state-of-the-art RuO2. Interestingly, under the OER operational conditions (in alkaline medium), the topotactic transformation of α-Co(OH)2 to a stable Brucite-like β-Co(OH)2 phase leads to a synergistic interaction between the β-Co(OH)2 sheets on the CoO nanoparticles for enhancing the OER electrocatalytic activity...
August 18, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820528/deciphering-the-photosensitization-mechanisms-of-hypericin-towards-biological-membranes
#15
Hugo Gattuso, Marco Marazzi, François Dehez, Antonio Monari
Resorting to state-of-the art molecular modeling and simulation techniques we provide full characterization of the photophysical properties of the naturally occurring hypericin chromophore, currently used in photodynamic therapy. In particular, we reveal the different photophysical pathways leading to intersystem-crossing and hence, triplet manifold population that is necessary for the subsequent production of singlet oxygen. In particular we identify an extended region of quasi-degeneracy between the first singlet excited state and three triplet state surfaces...
August 18, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820478/detection-of-interactions-between-proteins-by-using-legendre-moments-descriptor-to-extract-discriminatory-information-embedded-in-pssm
#16
Yan-Bin Wang, Zhu-Hong You, Li-Ping Li, Yu-An Huang, Hai-Cheng Yi
Protein-protein interactions (PPIs) play a very large part in most cellular processes. Although a great deal of research has been devoted to detecting PPIs through high-throughput technologies, these methods are clearly expensive and cumbersome. Compared with the traditional experimental methods, computational methods have attracted much attention because of their good performance in detecting PPIs. In our work, a novel computational method named as PCVM-LM is proposed which combines the probabilistic classification vector machine (PCVM) model and Legendre moments (LMs) to predict PPIs from amino acid sequences...
August 18, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820247/dft-study-on-c-f-bond-activation-by-group-14-dialkylamino-metalylenes-a-competition-between-oxidative-additions-versus-substitution-reactions
#17
Totan Mondal, Sriman De, Debasis Koley
The C-F bond activation of pentafluoropyridine (PFP) by group 14 dialkylamino metalylenes has been studied employing DFT calculations. Emphasis is placed on the group 14 central atom (M = Si(II), Ge(II), and Sn(II)) and substituents (-NMe2, -N(i)Pr2, -Cl, -NH2, and -PH2) dependent switching of oxidative addition to the metathesis/substitution reaction route, using state-of-the-art theoretical methods (M062X/def2-QZVP(SMD)//M062X/def2-TZVP) to provide a systematic classification of the individual mode of reactions...
August 18, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820222/quasi-zero-dimensional-cobalt-doped-ceo2-dots-on-pd-catalysts-for-alcohol-electro-oxidation-with-enhanced-poisoning-tolerance
#18
Qiang Tan, Haiyan Zhu, Shengwu Guo, Yuanzhen Chen, Tao Jiang, Chengyong Shu, Shaokun Chong, Benjamin Hultman, Yongning Liu, Gang Wu
Deactivation of an anode catalyst resulting from the poisoning of COad-like intermediates is one of the major problems for methanol and ethanol electro-oxidation reactions (MOR & EOR), and remains a grand challenge towards achieving high performance for direct alcohol fuel cells (DAFCs). Herein, we report a new approach for the preparation of ultrafine cobalt-doped CeO2 dots (Co-CeO2, d = 3.6 nm), which can be an effective anti-poisoning promoter for Pd catalysts towards MOR and EOR in alkaline media. Compared to Pd/CeO2 and pure Pd, the hybrid Pd/Co-CeO2 nanocomposite catalyst exhibited a much enhanced activity and remarkable anti-poisoning ability for both MOR and EOR...
August 18, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819245/fourier-ptychographic-microscopy-with-sparse-representation
#19
Yongbing Zhang, Pengming Song, Jian Zhang, Qionghai Dai
Fourier ptychographic microscopy (FPM) is a novel computational microscopy technique that provides intensity images with both wide field-of-view and high-resolution. By combining ideas from synthetic aperture and phase retrieval, FPM iteratively stitches together a number of variably illuminated, low-resolution intensity images in Fourier space to reconstruct a high-resolution complex sample image. Although FPM is able to bypass the space-bandwidth product (SBP) limit of the optical system, it is vulnerable to the various capturing noises and the reconstruction is easy to trap into the local optimum...
August 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819034/when-high-throughput-meets-mechanistic-studies-a-state-of-the-art-approach-in-brugada-syndrome
#20
EDITORIAL
Bettina Heidecker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 18, 2017: Circulation Research
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