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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926892/do-mobile-phone-applications-improve-glycemic-control-hba1c-in-the-self-management-of-diabetes-a-systematic-review-meta-analysis-and-grade-of-14-randomized-trials
#1
REVIEW
Can Hou, Ben Carter, Jonathan Hewitt, Trevor Francisa, Sharon Mayor
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of mobile phone applications (apps) on glycemic control (HbA1c) in the self-management of diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Relevant studies that were published between 1 January 1996 and 1 June 2015 were searched from five databases: Medline, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and Embase. Randomized controlled trials that evaluated diabetes apps were included. We conducted a systematic review with meta-analysis and GRADE (Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation) of the evidence...
November 2016: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926813/perturbation-of-h3k27me3-associated-epigenetic-processes-increases-agrobacterium-mediated-transformation
#2
Hidekazu Iwakawa, Benjamin C Carter, Brett C Bishop, Joe Ogas, Stanton B Gelvin
Agrobacterium-mediated transformation is a core technology for basic plant science and agricultural biotechnology. Improving transformation frequency is a major goal for plant transgenesis. We previously showed that T-DNA insertions in some histone genes decreased transformation susceptibility, whereas overexpression of several Arabidopsis H2A and H4 isoforms increased transformation. Overexpression of several histone H2B and H3 isoforms had little effect on transformation frequency. However, overexpression of histone H3-11 (HTR11) enhanced transformation...
December 7, 2016: Molecular Plant-microbe Interactions: MPMI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926521/moderate-hypofractionated-radiotherapy-is-more-effective-and-safe-for-localized-prostate-cancer-patients-a-meta-analysis
#3
Ling Cao, Yong-Jing Yang, Zhi-Wen Li, Hong-Fen Wu, Zhu-Chun Yang, Shi-Xin Liu, Ping Wang
To compare the efficacy and safety of moderate hypofractionated radiotherapy (H-RT) with those of conventional radiotherapy (C-RT) in patients with localized prostate cancer, we conducted extensive literature searches of The Web of Science, Embase, Pubmed and Cochrane Library databases. We identified nine studies with 5969 patients for a meta-analysis. We calculated pooled risk ratios (RRs) and the 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for multiple parameters and performed statistical analysis using RevMan 5.3 software...
December 1, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925386/interferon-free-therapies-for-patients-with-chronic%C3%A2-hepatitis-c-genotype-3-infection-a-systematic-review
#4
Vicente Gimeno-Ballester, María Buti, Ramón San Miguel, Mar Riveiro, Rafael Esteban
INTRODUCTION: Treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection with genotype 3 remains a challenge. The HCV elimination rate with direct acting antivirals (DAAs) is lower than the values reported for other HCV genotypes. In addition, genotype 3 infected patients have a higher risk of disease progression and hepatocellular carcinoma. The aim of this study was to review the relevant literature concerning treatment of HCV genotype 3 patients with interferon-free regimens. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A literature search was conducted in the PubMed/Medline, Embase, and Web of Science electronic databases...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925235/quantification-of-operational-learning-in-minimal-invasive-extracorporeal-circulation
#5
Kyriakos Anastasiadis, Polychronis Antonitsis, Christos Asteriou, Helena Argiriadou, Apostolos Deliopoulos, Dimitrios Konstantinou, Vassilios Grosomanidis, Paschalis Tossios
Minimal invasive extracorporeal circulation (MiECC) has initiated important new efforts within science and technology towards a more physiologic perfusion. In this study, we aim to investigate the learning curve of our center regarding MiECC. We studied a series of 150 consecutive patients who underwent elective coronary artery bypass grafting by the same surgical team during the initial phase of MiECC application. Patients were randomly assigned into two groups. Group A (n = 75) included patients operated on MiECC, while group B (n = 75) included patients operated with conventional cardiopulmonary bypass (cCPB)...
December 7, 2016: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925188/a-human-3d-in-vitro-model-to-assess-the-relationship-between-osteoporosis-and-dissemination-to-bone-of-breast-cancer-tumour-cells
#6
F Salamanna, V Borsari, S Brogini, P Torricelli, S Cepollaro, M Cadossi, M Fini
Despite consistent improvements in diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for breast cancer, up to 40% of patients will develop bone metastases. To reduce the morbidity and complications related with bone metastases, it is imperative to reduce their etiological factors. Osteoporosis, being characterized by a sudden estrogen deficiency, may provide a favorable condition for bone metastasis. This work, using a humanized 3D in vitro model, aims at evaluating the relationship between osteoporosis and breast cancer-derived bone metastases...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924010/dna-data-bank-of-japan
#7
Jun Mashima, Yuichi Kodama, Takatomo Fujisawa, Toshiaki Katayama, Yoshihiro Okuda, Eli Kaminuma, Osamu Ogasawara, Kousaku Okubo, Yasukazu Nakamura, Toshihisa Takagi
The DNA Data Bank of Japan (DDBJ) (http://www.ddbj.nig.ac.jp) has been providing public data services for thirty years (since 1987). We are collecting nucleotide sequence data from researchers as a member of the International Nucleotide Sequence Database Collaboration (INSDC, http://www.insdc.org), in collaboration with the US National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) and European Bioinformatics Institute (EBI). The DDBJ Center also services Japanese Genotype-phenotype Archive (JGA), with the National Bioscience Database Center to collect human-subjected data from Japanese researchers...
October 24, 2016: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923885/a-systematic-review-of-interventions-to-enhance-healthy-lifestyle-behaviors-in-adolescents-delivered-via-mobile-phone-text-messaging
#8
Lois J Loescher, Stephen A Rains, Sandra S Kramer, Chelsie Akers, Renee Moussa
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review healthy lifestyle interventions targeted to adolescents and delivered using text messaging (TM). DATA SOURCE: PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and Web of Science databases. STUDY INCLUSION CRITERIA: Research articles published during 2011 to 2014; analyses focused on intervention targeting adolescents (10-19 years), with healthy lifestyle behaviors as main variables, delivered via mobile phone-based TM...
December 6, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922624/association-of-pain-social-support-and-socioeconomic-indicators-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury-in-iran
#9
Z Khazaeipour, E Ahmadipour, V Rahimi-Movaghar, F Ahmadipour, A R Vaccaro, B Babakhani
STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: Pain is a prevalent complication of individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). Our objective was to examine the association between social support, socioeconomic factors and psychosocial factors and pain to develop more effective management strategies. SETTING: Brain and Spinal Cord Injury Research (BASIR) Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. METHODS: The Persian version of the Brief Pain Inventory was used to measure the pain, and the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support was used to measure social support through structured face-to-face interviews in SCI individuals...
December 6, 2016: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921257/impact-of-community-health-workers-on-use-of-healthcare-services-in-the-united-states-a-systematic-review
#10
Helen E Jack, Sophia D Arabadjis, Lucy Sun, Erin E Sullivan, Russell S Phillips
BACKGROUND: As the US transitions to value-based healthcare, physicians and payers are incentivized to change healthcare delivery to improve quality of care while controlling costs. By assisting with the management of common chronic conditions, community health workers (CHWs) may improve healthcare quality, but physicians and payers who are making choices about care delivery also need to understand their effects on healthcare spending. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, PsycINFO, Embase, and Web of Science from the inception of each database to 22 June 2015...
December 5, 2016: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921251/skin-manifestations-of-insulin-resistance-from-a-biochemical-stance-to-a-clinical-diagnosis-and-management
#11
REVIEW
Gloria González-Saldivar, René Rodríguez-Gutiérrez, Jorge Ocampo-Candiani, José Gerardo González-González, Minerva Gómez-Flores
Worldwide, more than 1.9 billion adults are overweight, and around 600 million people suffer from obesity. Similarly, ~382 million individuals live with diabetes, and 40-50% of the global population is labeled at "high risk" (i.e., prediabetes). The impact of these two chronic conditions relies not only on the burden of illnesses per se (i.e., associated increased morbidity and mortality), but also on their increased cost, burden of treatment, and decreased health-related quality of life. For this review a comprehensive search in several databases including PubMed (MEDLINE), Ovid EMBASE, Web of Science, and Scopus was conducted...
December 5, 2016: Dermatology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920964/the-apprentice-an-innovative-approach-to-meet-the-behavior-analysis-certification-board-s-supervision-standards
#12
Breanne K Hartley, William T Courtney, Mary Rosswurm, Vincent J LaMarca
The Behavior Analysis Certification Board continues to increase the standards for supervision of trainees, which is needed in order for the field to continually improve. However, this presents a challenge for organizations to meet the needs of both their clients and their supervisees based on these increasing standards. Throughout the ages, experts in all trades have passed along their knowledge and skill through apprenticeship opportunities. An apprenticeship supervision model is described that allows Board Certified Behavior Analysts to supervise future behavior analysts by mentoring, educating, and training supervisees on the science of human behavior in a format that is mutually beneficial...
December 2016: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919863/applying-multiple-data-collection-tools-to-quantify-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-communication-on-twitter
#13
Philip M Massey, Amy Leader, Elad Yom-Tov, Alexandra Budenz, Kara Fisher, Ann C Klassen
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection in the United States. There are several vaccines that protect against strains of HPV most associated with cervical and other cancers. Thus, HPV vaccination has become an important component of adolescent preventive health care. As media evolves, more information about HPV vaccination is shifting to social media platforms such as Twitter. Health information consumed on social media may be especially influential for segments of society such as younger populations, as well as ethnic and racial minorities...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919742/refugees-and-antimicrobial-resistance-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Allard Willem de Smalen, Hatem Ghorab, Moataz Abd El Ghany, Grant A Hill-Cawthorne
BACKGROUND: There is a large increase in the numbers of refugees and asylum seekers worldwide and a lack of data on the carriage of antimicrobial resistance in refugee/asylum seeking groups. METHODS: This article aims to identify the impact of refugees and asylum seekers on the acquisition and transmission of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) through a literature search. The databases Embase, Medline, Pubmed, and Web of Science Core Collection were utilised and covered all articles before the 1st of October 2016...
December 2, 2016: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919635/a-critical-assessment-on-kidney-allocation-systems
#15
REVIEW
Richard N Formica
The kidney allocation system that took effect on December 4, 2014 represents a significant improvement over the prior approach. It seeks to improve outcomes by longevity matching - pairing kidneys expected to function the longest with recipients expected to live the longest. It addresses the biological barriers faced by highly sensitized patients in an evidence based fashion and it begins to introduce the concept of medical need into kidney allocation by crediting time from the starting dialysis to a patient's waiting time...
October 8, 2016: Transplantation Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919097/preoperative-evaluation-for-noncardiac-surgery
#16
Steven L Cohn
This issue provides a clinical overview of preoperative evaluation for noncardiac surgery, focusing on risk factors, elements of evaluation, medication management, and practice improvement. The content of In the Clinic is drawn from the clinical information and education resources of the American College of Physicians (ACP), including MKSAP (Medical Knowledge and Self-Assessment Program). Annals of Internal Medicine editors develop In the Clinic in collaboration with the ACP's Medical Education and Publishing divisions and with the assistance of additional science writers and physician writers...
December 6, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918932/a-comparison-of-working-in-small-scale-and-large-scale-nursing-homes-a-systematic-review-of-quantitative-and-qualitative-evidence
#17
REVIEW
Lander Vermeerbergen, Geert Van Hootegem, Jos Benders
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Ongoing shortages of care workers, together with an ageing population, make it of utmost importance to increase the quality of working life in nursing homes. Since the 1970s, normalised and small-scale nursing homes have been increasingly introduced to provide care in a family and homelike environment, potentially providing a richer work life for care workers as well as improved living conditions for residents. 'Normalised' refers to the opportunities given to residents to live in a manner as close as possible to the everyday life of persons not needing care...
November 13, 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918457/air-quality-strategies-on-public-health-and-health-equity-in-europe-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Li Wang, Buqing Zhong, Sotiris Vardoulakis, Fengying Zhang, Eva Pilot, Yonghua Li, Linsheng Yang, Wuyi Wang, Thomas Krafft
Air pollution is an important public health problem in Europe and there is evidence that it exacerbates health inequities. This calls for effective strategies and targeted interventions. In this study, we conducted a systematic review to evaluate the effectiveness of strategies relating to air pollution control on public health and health equity in Europe. Three databases, Web of Science, PubMed, and Trials Register of Promoting Health Interventions (TRoPHI), were searched for scientific publications investigating the effectiveness of strategies on outdoor air pollution control, public health and health equity in Europe from 1995 to 2015...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917564/mind-the-gap-in-clinical-trials-a-participatory-action-analysis-with-citizen-collaborators
#19
Amy Price, Su May Liew, Jo Kirkpatrick, Jazmin Price, Taylor Lopreto, Yasmin Nelken
What are the strengths, gaps, expectations, and barriers to research engagement in clinical trials as communicated through social media? Clinical trials test treatments to provide reliable information for safety and effectiveness. Trials are building blocks in which what is learned in earlier research can be used to improve treatments, compare alternatives, and improve quality of life. For 20 years, the percentages of clinical trials volunteers have decreased whereas the costs of running clinical trials have multiplied...
December 4, 2016: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917188/crispr-cas9-tool-for-qualitative-and-quantitative-plant-genome-editing
#20
REVIEW
Ali Noman, Muhammad Aqeel, Shuilin He
Recent developments in genome editing techniques have aroused substantial excitement among agricultural scientists. These techniques offer new opportunities for developing improved plant lines with addition of important traits or removal of undesirable traits. Increased adoption of genome editing has been geared by swiftly developing Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR). This is appearing as driving force for innovative utilization in diverse branches of plant biology. CRISPR-Cas9 mediated genome editing is being used for rapid, easy and efficient alteration of genes among diverse plant species...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
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