keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Catheter bloodstream infection

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431848/epidemiology-of-device-associated-infections-in-an-intensive-care-unit-of-a-teaching-hospital-in-nepal-a-prospective-surveillance-study-from-a-developing-country
#1
Narayan Prasad Parajuli, Subhash Prasad Acharya, Santosh Dahal, Jaya Prasad Singh, Shyam Kumar Mishra, Hari Prasad Kattel, Basista Prasad Rijal, Bharat Mani Pokhrel
BACKGROUND: Device-associated health care-acquired infections (DA-HAIs) in intensive care unit patients are a major cause of morbidity, mortality, and increased health care costs. METHODS: A prospective, structured clinicomicrobiological surveillance was carried out for 3 common DA-HAIs: ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI), and catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) present in the patients of an intensive care unit of a teaching hospital in Nepal...
April 18, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425261/central-line-associated-blood-stream-infections-characteristics-and-risk-factors-for-mortality-over-a-5-5-year-period
#2
Aynur Atilla, Zahide Doğanay, Hale Kefeli Çelik, Mehmet Derya Demirağ, Sırrı S Kiliç
BACKGROUND/AIM: Central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) are associated with substantial morbidity and mortality and the infection rates vary in a wide range1397645907(high: 62.5%; low: 20%) in developing countries. We aimed to investigate the characteristics and the risk factors for mortality in patients with CLABSIs in intensive care units (ICUs) and provide the relevant data. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The electronic medical records database and file records obtained through active surveillance by an infection control committee of a hospital were screened to identify patients with CLABSIs hospitalized from January 2008 through July 2013...
April 18, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416559/a-novel-non-antibiotic-nitroglycerin-based-catheter-lock-solution-for-the-prevention-of-intraluminal-central-venous-catheter-infections-in-cancer-patients
#3
Anne-Marie Chaftari, Ray Hachem, Ariel Szvalb, Mahnaz Taremi, Bruno Granwehr, George Michael Viola, Amin Sapna, Andrew Assaf, Numan Yazan, Pankil Shah, Ketevan Gasitashvili, Elizabeth Natividad, Ying Jiang, Rebecca Slack, Ruth Reitzel, Joel Rosenblatt, Elie Mouhayar, Issam Raad
Background: For long-term central lines (CL), the lumen is the major source of central line associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI). Current standard of care for maintaining catheter patency includes flushing the CL with saline or heparin. Neither agent has any antimicrobial activity. Furthermore heparin may enhance staphylococcal biofilm formation. We evaluated the safety and efficacy of a novel non-antibiotic catheter lock solution for the prevention of CLABSI.Patients and Methods: Between November 2015, and February 2016, we enrolled 60 patients with hematologic malignancies who had peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) to receive the study lock solution...
April 17, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415937/heparinized-saline-versus-normal-saline-for-maintaining-peripheral-venous-catheter-patency-in-china-an-open-label-randomized-controlled-study
#4
Lichun Xu, Yan Hu, Xiaojin Huang, Jianguo Fu, Jinhui Zhang
Objective To evaluate the effects of heparin saline versus normal saline as locking solution for maintaining patency in peripheral venous catheters in Chinese patients. Methods This open-label, randomized controlled study was conducted in two hepatobiliary surgery wards, where patients received identical treatments, at a tertiary referral hospital. Patients were randomly divided into a normal saline group (NS, 3 ml) or a heparin saline group (HS, 50 IU/ml, 3 ml) for catheter sealing. Results The study enrolled 286 patients and 609 peripheral venous catheters were included in the analysis...
April 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409898/comparing-catheter-related-bloodstream-infections-in-pediatric-and-adult-cancer-patients
#5
Ramia Zakhour, Ray Hachem, Hussain M Alawami, Ying Jiang, Majd Michael, Anne-Marie Chaftari, Issam Raad
OBJECTIVE: Central venous catheters (CVCs) are essential to treatment of children with cancer. There are no studies comparing catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSIs) in pediatric cancer patients to those in adults, although current guidelines for management of CRBSI do not give separate guidelines for the pediatric population. In this study, we compared CRBSIs in both the pediatric and adult cancer population. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the electronic medical records of 92 pediatric and 156 adult patients with CRBSI cared for at MD Anderson Cancer Center between September 2005 and March 2014...
April 14, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407421/central-venous-catheters-and-biofilms-where-do-we-stand-in-2017
#6
REVIEW
Marie Gominet, Fabrice Compain, Christophe Beloin, David Lebeaux
The use of central venous catheters (CVC) is associated with a risk of microbial colonization and subsequent potentially severe infection. Microbial contamination of the catheter leads to the development of a microbial consortia associated with the CVC surface and embedded in an extracellular matrix, named biofilm. This biofilm provides bacterial cells the ability to survive antimicrobial agents and the host immune system and to disseminate to other sites of the body. The best preventive strategy is to avoid any unnecessary catheterization or to reduce indwelling duration when a CVC is required...
April 2017: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397261/validity-and-reliability-of-administrative-coded-data-for-the-identification-of-hospital-acquired-infections-an-updated-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-and-meta-regression-analysis
#7
Olga Redondo-González, José María Tenías, Ángel Arias, Alfredo J Lucendo
OBJECTIVE: To conduct an updated assessment of the validity and reliability of administrative coded data (ACD) in identifying hospital-acquired infections (HAIs). METHODS: We systematically searched three libraries for studies on ACD detecting HAIs compared to manual chart review. Meta-analyses were conducted for prosthetic and nonprosthetic surgical site infections (SSIs), Clostridium difficile infections (CDIs), ventilator-associated pneumonias/events (VAPs/VAEs) and non-VAPs/VAEs, catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs), and central venous catheter-related bloodstream infections (CLABSIs)...
April 11, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397040/bloodstream-infections-caused-by-enterococcus-spp-a-10-year-retrospective-analysis-at-a-tertiary-hospital-in-china
#8
Jin-Xin Zheng, Hui Li, Zhang-Ya Pu, Hong-Yan Wang, Xiang-Bin Deng, Xiao-Jun Liu, Qi-Wen Deng, Zhi-Jian Yu
In order to discover the risk factors for 30-day mortality in bloodstream infections (BSI) caused by Enterococcus spp. strains, we explored the clinical and therapeutic profile of patients with Enterococcus spp. BSI and the characteristics of this condition. A total of 64 patients with BSI caused by Enterococcus spp. who were treated in our hospital between 2006 and 2015 were included in the study. The clinical features of patients, microbiology, and 30-day mortality were collected from the electronic medical records database and analyzed...
April 2017: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380162/positive-deviance-as-a-strategy-to-prevent-and-control-bloodstream-infections-in-intensive-care
#9
Francimar Tinoco de Oliveira, Maria Manuela Frederico Ferreira, Silvia Teresa Carvalho de Araújo, Amanda Trindade Teixeira de Bessa, Advi Catarina Barbachan Moraes, Marluci Andrade Conceição Stipp
OBJECTIVE: To describe the application of positive deviance as a strategy to prevent and control bloodstream infections. METHOD: An intervention study with nursing and medical team members working in an intensive care unit in a university hospital, between June and December 2014. The four steps of the positive defiance methodology were applied: to define, to determine, to discover and to design. RESULTS: In 90 days, 188 actions were observed, of these, 36...
April 3, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379553/high-vancomycin-mics-predict-the-development-of-infective-endocarditis-in-patients-with-catheter-related-bacteraemia-due-to-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus
#10
Rafael San-Juan, Mario Fernández-Ruiz, Oriol Gasch, Mariana Camoez, Francisco López-Medrano, María Ángeles Domínguez, Benito Almirante, Belén Padilla, Miquel Pujol, José María Aguado
Background: It has been suggested that there is an increased risk of treatment failure in episodes of MRSA bloodstream infection (BSI) caused by strains with high vancomycin MICs. However, it is unknown if this phenomenon may also act as a risk factor for the development of infective endocarditis (IE). Methods: We analysed 207 episodes of catheter-related (CR)-BSI recruited from June 2008 to December 2009 within a prospective study on MRSA BSI in 21 Spanish hospitals...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376269/central-line-associated-bloodstream-infections-in-childhood-malignancies-single-center-experience
#11
Marianna Miliaraki, Nikolaos Katzilakis, Ioanna Chranioti, Maria Stratigaki, Maria Koutsaki, Maria Psarrou, Emmanouil Athanasopoulos, Eftichia Stiakaki
BACKGROUND: A central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) is a common complication in children with malignancies, often leading to prolonged hospitalization, delay in chemotherapy or catheter removals. This retrospective epidemiological study reviewed 91 children with malignancies over a 5-year period between 2011 and 2015 and analyzed potential risk factors for developing a CLABSI. METHODS: Children's symptoms, laboratory and microbiology characteristics, subsequent treatment and outcome were recorded and analyzed...
April 4, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367877/minocycline-inhibits-the-candida-albicans-budded-to-hyphal-form-transition-and-biofilm-formation
#12
Sanae Kurakado, Kazuhiko Takatori, Takashi Sugita
Candida albicans frequently causes bloodstream infections; the budded-to-hyphal-form transition (BHT) and biofilm formation are major contributors to virulence. In a survey of antibacterial compounds that inhibit C. albicans BHT, we found that the tetracycline derivative minocycline inhibited BHT and subsequent biofilm formation. Minocycline downregulates expression of the hypha-specific genes HWP1 and ECE1, and the adhesion factor gene ALS3 of C. albicans. In addition, minocycline decreases cell surface hydrophobicity and the extracellular β-glucan level in biofilms...
March 28, 2017: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359216/revisiting-ultrasound-guided-subclavian-axillary-vein-cannulations
#13
Mourad H Senussi, Phani C Kantamneni, Ali Omranian, Mani Latifi, Tarik Hanane, Eduardo Mireles-Cabodevila, Neal F Chaisson, Abhijit Duggal, Ajit Moghekar
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines for the prevention of catheter-related bloodstream infections suggest using "a subclavian site, rather than an internal jugular or a femoral site, in adult patients." This recommendation is based on evidence of lower rates of thrombosis and catheter-related bloodstream infections in patients with subclavian central venous catheters (CVCs) compared to femoral or internal jugular sites. However, preference toward a subclavian approach to CVC insertion is hindered by increased risk of mechanical complications, especially pneumothorax, when compared to other sites...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353459/first-report-of-kocuria-marina-bloodstream-infection-unrelated-to-a-central-venous-catheter-a-mini-review-on-an-emerging-and-under-recognized-opportunistic-pathogen
#14
Giovanna Pulcrano, Michela Balzaretti, Alessia Grosini, Vincenzo Piacentini, Dimitri Poddighe
We report a case of sepsis by Kocuria marina in a 45-year-old woman carrying a midline venous catheter to provide total parenteral nutrition. Despite the finding of K. marina bacteraemia, no bacteria grew from the culture of the catheter tip. As the patient was affected with severe leg ulcers, K. marina bloodstream infection from a skin breakage other than CVC was supposed. K. marina is an emerging opportunistic agent deserving attention and probably under-recognized, as it can be misdiagnosed as Staphylococcus if only conventional microbiological analyses are performed for bacterial identification...
March 1, 2017: Le Infezioni in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341283/are-antimicrobial-peripherally-inserted-central-catheters-associated-with-reduction-in-central-line-associated-bloodstream-infection-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Rachel D Kramer, Mary A M Rogers, Marisa Conte, Jason Mann, Sanjay Saint, Vineet Chopra
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) may reduce the risk of central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI). However, data regarding efficacy are limited. We aimed to evaluate whether antimicrobial PICCs are associated with CLABSI reduction. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINHAL, and Web of Science were searched from inception to July 2016; conference proceedings were searched to identify additional studies. Study selection and data extraction were performed independently by 2 authors...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334494/complications-of-peripherally-inserted-central-catheters-in-advanced-cancer-patients-undergoing-combined-radiotherapy-and-chemotherapy
#16
Jun Xie, Linjie Xu, Xiaomin Xu, Yunjuan Huang
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify whether patients with advanced cancers were at high risk of peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC)-related complications when treated with concurrent chemo-radiotherapy. BACKGROUND: PICCs are widely used in chemotherapy. However, catheter usage may elevate the risks of infections and thrombosis. It is important to identify the patients with high risk of PICC-related complications. To date, little is known about PICC-related complications in patients with advanced cancers and receiving concurrent chemo-radiotherapy...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334482/minimising-central-line-associated-bloodstream-infections-clabsis-rate-in-inserting-central-venous-catheters-cvcs-in-the-adult-intensive-care-units-aicus
#17
REVIEW
Hedaya Hina, Joan McDowell
AIM: To investigate the procedural aspects in inserting central venous catheters that minimise central line associated bloodstream infections rates in adult intensive care units through a structured literature review. BACKGROUND: In adult intensive care units (AICU), central line associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI) are a major cause of high mortality rates and increased in costs due to the consequences of complications. METHODS: Eligible articles were identified by combining indexed keywords using Boolean operator of "AND" under databases of Ovid and CINAHL...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333762/impact-of-targeted-interventions-on-trends-in-central-line-associated-bloodstream-infection-a-single-center-experience-from-the-republic-of-korea
#18
Sun Young Cho, Doo Ryeon Chung, Jae Geum Ryu, Jong Rim Choi, Nayeon Ahn, Seonwoo Kim, Min-Ji Kim, Young Eun Ha, Cheol-In Kang, Kyong Ran Peck, Jae-Hoon Song
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of targeted interventions on trends in central line-associated bloodstream infection. DESIGN: A before-and-after study between January 2013 and September 2014. SETTING: Tertiary hospital in the Republic of Korea. PATIENTS: All patients with central-line catheters in the hospital. INTERVENTIONS: In September 2013, interventions that targeted central line insertion practices were implemented in 10 ICUs, including compliance monitoring with a central line insertion practices bundle and use of an all-inclusive catheter kit...
March 22, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330520/definitional-change-in-nhsn-cauti-was-associated-with-an-increase-in-clabsi-events-evaluation-of-a-large-health-system
#19
Mohamad G Fakih, Clariecia Groves, Angelo Bufalino, Lisa K Sturm, Ann L Hendrich
BACKGROUND The National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) definition was revised as of January 2015 to exclude funguria and lower bacteriuria levels. We evaluated the effect of the CAUTI definition change on NHSN-defined central-line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) outcomes. METHODS We compared CAUTI and CLABSI NHSN-defined outcomes for calendar years 2014 and 2015 in the adult intensive care units (ICUs) of a single large health system. Changes in the event rates, the associated organisms, and the standardized infection ratio (SIR) were evaluated...
March 23, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323880/randomized-controlled-trials-in-central-vascular-access-devices-a-scoping-review
#20
Mari Takashima, Gillian Ray-Barruel, Amanda Ullman, Samantha Keogh, Claire M Rickard
BACKGROUND: Randomized controlled trials evaluate the effectiveness of interventions for central venous access devices, however, high complication rates remain. Scoping reviews map the available evidence and demonstrate evidence deficiencies to focus ongoing research priorities. METHOD: A scoping review (January 2006-December 2015) of randomized controlled trials evaluating the effectiveness of interventions to improve central venous access device outcomes; including peripherally inserted central catheters, non-tunneled, tunneled and totally implanted venous access catheters...
2017: PloS One
keyword
keyword
12548
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"