keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cross infection

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031127/patients-perceptions-and-experiences-of-living-with-a-surgical-wound-healing-by-secondary-intention-a-qualitative-study
#1
Dorothy McCaughan, Laura Sheard, Nicky Cullum, Jo Dumville, Ian Chetter
BACKGROUND: Most surgical wounds heal by primary intention, that is to say, the edges of the wound are brought together with sutures, staples, adhesive glue or clips. However, some wounds may be left open to heal (if there is a risk of infection, or if there has been significant tissue loss), and are known as 'surgical wounds healing by secondary intention'. They are estimated to comprise approximately 28% of all surgical wounds and are frequently complex to manage. However, they are under researched and little is known of their impact on patients' lives...
September 28, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031090/recreational-drug-use-and-risk-of-hiv-infection-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-cross-sectional-study-in-shenzhen-china
#2
Chenlin Duan, Lan Wei, Yitian Cai, Lin Chen, Zhengrong Yang, Wei Tan, Yongxia Gan, William W Au, Jin Zhao
BACKGROUND: Recreational drug use has increased in recent years, especially among MSM, and has been found to be associated with higher risk of HIV infection. However, there is limited information about current recreational drug use among MSM in Shenzhen which is an international gateway city to China with a rapidly expanding MSM population. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey among MSM in Shenzhen was conducted and was used to collected information on demographics, sexual behavior and drug use via questionnaires...
October 2, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029282/ecoinformatics-can-infer-causal-effects-of-crop-variety-on-insect-attack-by-capitalizing-on-pseudoexperiments-created-when-different-crop-varieties-are-interspersed-a-case-study-in-almonds
#3
Jay A Rosenheim, Bradley S Higbee, Jonathan D Ackerman, Matthew H Meisner
Capturing the complementary strengths of observational and experimental research methods usually requires the researcher to gather separate experimental and observational data sets. In some cases, however, commercial agricultural practices produce the spatial and temporal mixing of 'treatments' independently of other possibly covarying factors that is normally achieved only with formal experimentation. The resulting 'pseudoexperiments' can provide strong evidence for causal relationships. Here, we analyze a large observational data set that creates a series of such pseudoexperiments to assess the effect of different commercial varieties of almond, Prunus dulcis (Mill...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029254/retrospective-proteomic-analysis-of-serum-after-akhmeta-virus-infection-new-suspect-case-identification-and-insights-into-poxvirus-humoral-immunity
#4
Michael B Townsend, Nadia F Gallardo-Romero, Ekaterine Khmaladze, Neil M Vora, Giorgi Maghlakelidze, Marika Geleishvili, Darin S Carroll, Ginny L Emerson, Mary G Reynolds, P S Satheshkumar
Serologic cross-reactivity, a hallmark of orthopoxvirus (OPXV) infection, makes species-specific diagnosis of infection difficult. In this study, we used a Variola virus (VARV) proteome microarray to characterize and differentiate antibody responses to non-vaccinia OPXV infections from smallpox vaccination. The profile of two-case patients infected with newly discovered OPXV, Akhmeta virus (AKMV), exhibited antibody responses of greater intensity and broader recognition of viral proteins and includes the B21/22 family glycoproteins not encoded by vaccinia virus (VACV) strains used as vaccines...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029179/sustained-malaria-control-over-an-eight-year-period-in-papua-new-guinea-the-challenge-of-low-density-asymptomatic-infections
#5
Cristian Koepfli, Maria Ome-Kaius, Shadrach Jally, Elisheba Malau, Samuel Maripal, Jason Ginny, Lincoln Timinao, Johanna Helena Kattenberg, Thomas Obadia, Michael White, Patricia Rarau, Nicolas Senn, Alyssa E Barry, James W Kazura, Ivo Mueller, Leanne J Robinson
Background: The scale-up of effective malaria control in the last decade has resulted in a substantial decline in the incidence of clinical malaria in many countries. The effects on the proportions of asymptomatic and submicroscopic infections, and on transmission potential are yet poorly understood. Methods: In Papua New Guinea, vector control has been intensified since 2008, and improved diagnosis and treatment introduced in 2012. Cross-sectional surveys were conducted in Madang Province in 2006 (n=1280), 2010 (n=2117) and 2014 (n=2516)...
September 23, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029149/no-clinical-benefit-of-empirical-antimicrobial-therapy-for-pediatric-diarrhea-in-a-high-usage-high-resistance-setting
#6
Vu Thuy Duong, Ha Thanh Tuyen, Pham Van Minh, James I Campbell, Hoang Le Phuc, Tran Do Hoang Nhu, Le Thi Phuong Tu, Tran Thi Hong Chau, Le Thi Quynh Nhi, Nguyen Thanh Hung, Nguyen Minh Ngoc, Nguyen Thi Thanh Huong, Lu Lan Vi, Corinne N Thompson, Guy E Thwaites, Ruklanthi de Alwis, Stephen Baker
Background: Pediatric diarrheal disease presents a major public health burden in low-middle income countries. The clinical benefits of empirical antimicrobial treatment for diarrhea are unclear in settings that lack reliable diagnostics and have high antimicrobial resistance (AMR). Methods: We conducted a prospective multi-center cross-sectional study of pediatric patients hospitalized with diarrhea containing blood and/or mucus in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Clinical parameters, including disease outcome and treatment, were measured...
September 26, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029143/genome-wide-analysis-of-genetic-risk-factors-for-rheumatic-heart-disease-in-aboriginal-australians-provides-support-for-pathogenic-molecular-mimicry
#7
Lesley-Ann Gray, Heather A D'Antoine, Steven Y C Tong, Melita McKinnon, Dawn Bessarab, Ngaire Brown, Bo Reményi, Andrew Steer, Genevieve Syn, Jenefer M Blackwell, Michael Inouye, Jonathan R Carapetis
Background: Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) following Group A Streptococcus (GAS) infections is heritable and prevalent in Indigenous populations. Molecular mimicry between human and GAS proteins triggers pro-inflammatory cardiac valve-reactive T-cells. Methods: Genome-wide genetic analysis was undertaken in 1263 Aboriginal Australians (398 RHD cases; 865 controls). Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were genotyped using Illumina HumanCoreExome BeadChips. Direct typing and imputation was used to fine-map the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) region...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029099/biomarkers-of-mineral-and-bone-metabolism-and-20-year-risk-for-hospitalization-with-infection-the-aric-study
#8
Junichi Ishigami, Bernard G Jaar, Casey M Rebholz, Morgan E Grams, Erin D Michos, Myles Wolf, Csaba P Kovesdy, Shinichi Uchida, Josef Coresh, Pamela L Lutsey, Kunihiro Matsushita
Context: Mineral and bone disorders (MBD) may be relevant in the etiology of infection. Objective: To determine whether MBD biomarkers were associated with incidence of hospitalization with infection. We also assessed the cross-sectional association between levels of MBD biomarkers and kidney function. Design: Setting, Participants: Community-based cohort study using 11,218 participants with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≥30 ml/min/1...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028950/epidemiology-and-relative-severity-of-influenza-subtypes-in-singapore-in-the-post-pandemic-period-from-2009-to-2010
#9
Ee Hui Goh, Lili Jiang, Jung Pu Hsu, Linda Wei Lin Tan, Wei Yen Lim, Meng Chee Phoon, Yee Sin Leo, Ian G Barr, Vincent Tak Kwong Chow, Vernon J Lee, Cui Lin, Raymond Lin, Sapna P Sadarangani, Barnaby Young, Mark I-Cheng Chen
Background: After 2009, pandemic influenza A(H1N1) [A(H1N1)pdm09] cocirculated with A(H3N2) and B in Singapore. Methods: A cohort of 760 participants contributed demographic data and up to 4 blood samples each from October 2009 to September 2010. We compared epidemiology of the 3 subtypes and investigated evidence for heterotypic immunity through multivariable logistic regression using a generalized estimating equation. To examine age-related differences in severity between subtypes, we used LOESS (locally weighted smoothing) plots of hospitalization to infection ratios and explored birth cohort effects referencing the pandemic years (1957; 1968)...
September 23, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028906/critical-assessment-and-performance-improvement-of-plant-pathogen-protein-protein-interaction-prediction-methods
#10
Shiping Yang, Hong Li, Huaqin He, Yuan Zhou, Ziding Zhang
The identification of plant-pathogen protein-protein interactions (PPIs) is an attractive and challenging research topic for deciphering the complex molecular mechanism of plant immunity and pathogen infection. Considering that the experimental identification of plant-pathogen PPIs is time-consuming and labor-intensive, computational methods are emerging as an important strategy to complement the experimental methods. In this work, we first evaluated the performance of traditional computational methods such as interolog, domain-domain interaction and domain-motif interaction in predicting known plant-pathogen PPIs...
September 27, 2017: Briefings in Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028660/cumulative-exposure-of-tenofovir-disoproxil-fumarate-is-associated-with-kidney-tubulopathy-whether-it-is-currently-used-or-discontinued-in-hiv-infected-patients
#11
Takeshi Nishijima, Yoshikazu Mutoh, Yohei Kawasaki, Kiyomi Tomonari, Yoshimi Kikuchi, Hiroyuki Gatanaga, Shinichi Oka
OBJECTIVE: TDF increases the risk of kidney tubular dysfunction (KTD). This study was conducted to elucidate whether KTD persists after discontinuation of TDF. DESIGN: A prospective cross-sectional study which enrolled 941 HIV-1-infected patients. METHODS: KTD was predefined as the presence of at least two abnormalities among the five tubular markers (fractional excretion of phosphate, fractional excretion of uric acid, β2-microglobulinuria, N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminidase, non-diabetic glycosuria)...
October 12, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028174/could-frequent-carbapenem-use-be-a-risk-factor-for-colistin-resistance
#12
Aycan Gundogdu, Aysegul Ulu-Kilic, Huseyin Kilic, Esra Ozhan, Dilek Altun, Ozlem Cakir, Emine Alp
AIMS: The antibiotic colistin, which had been previously abandoned, is being brought back as a last line of defense against bacterial infection. However, colistin resistance was reported shortly after its reintroduction. This study evaluated the risk factors for colonization/infections due to colistin-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (ColR-Ab) and Klebsiella pneumoniae (ColR-Kp) strains and characterized the molecular epidemiology of these two strains. RESULTS: Age, previous hospitalization duration, and previous use of carbapenem and colistin were risk factors for ColR-Kp, whereas previous use of carbapenem and colistin was a risk factor for ColR-Ab...
October 13, 2017: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027520/further-evidence-associating-igg1-but-not-igg2-with-susceptibility-to-canine-visceral-leishmaniasis-caused-by-leishmania-l-infantum-chagasi-infection
#13
Luciana Vieira do R Lima, Liliane Almeida Carneiro, Marliane Batista Campos, Thiago Vasconcelos Dos Santos, Patrícia Karla Ramos, Márcia Dalastra Laurenti, Claudio Eduardo C Teixeira, Fernando T Silveira
We present here a cross-sectional study analyzing the IgG1 and IgG2 immune responses to natural canine Leishmania (L.) infantum chagasi-infection and their relationships with delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) in 50 mongrel dogs with previous positive serodiagnoses (IFAT-IgG) (56% with subclinical status [= apparently healthy] and 44% clinically sick), living in endemic areas for visceral leishmaniasis in the Brazilian Amazon. IgG1 and IgG2 responses were measured using commercial polyclonal antibodies in ELISA, while DTH was elicited by intradermal skin test using cultured promastigotes L...
2017: Parasite: Journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027495/monitoring-and-managing-antibiotic-resistance-in-refugee-children
#14
Helena C Maltezou, Dana Elhadad, Daniel Glikman
The past decade the Middle East and Southeastern Europe have witnessed an enormous movement of refugees due to the Syrian war and conflicts in Asia and Africa. Although carriage of and infections with multi-drug resistant (MDR) pathogens in refugees have been reported, pediatric data are scarce. Areas covered: MDR bacterial carriage and infections, and MDR-tuberculosis (TB) in refugee children from 2010. Expert commentary: High MDR carriage rates in refugee children are attributed to high pre-civil war MDR rates, war-damaged infrastructure and healthcare systems, and poor hygiene conditions...
October 13, 2017: Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027386/the-prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-renal-insufficiency-among-korean-hiv-infected-patients-the-korea-hiv-aids-cohort-study
#15
Eun Jin Kim, Jin Young Ahn, Youn Jeong Kim, Seong Heon Wie, Dae Won Park, Joon Young Song, Hee Jung Choi, Hyun Ha Chang, Bo Youl Choi, Yunsu Choi, Ju Yeon Choi, Myung Guk Han, Chun Kang, June Myung Kim, Jun Yong Choi
BACKGROUND: Renal disease is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality among people infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). However, there are very few published studies about renal insufficiency in HIV-infected persons in Asia, especially in South Korea. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed to investigate the prevalence and risk factors of renal insufficiency, defined as <60 mL/min/1.73 m², in subjects in the Korea HIV/AIDS Cohort Study enrolled from 19 institutions between December 2006 and July 2013...
September 2017: Infection & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026995/cross-species-prophylactic-efficacy-of-sm-p80-based-vaccine-and-intracellular-localization-of-sm-p80-sm-p80-ortholog-proteins-during-development-in-schistosoma-mansoni-schistosoma-japonicum-and-schistosoma-haematobium
#16
Adebayo J Molehin, Souad R Sennoune, Weidong Zhang, Juan U Rojo, Arif J Siddiqui, Karlie A Herrera, Laura Johnson, Justin Sudduth, Jordan May, Afzal A Siddiqui
Schistosomiasis remains a major global health problem. Despite large-scale schistosomiasis control efforts, clear limitations such as possible emergence of drug resistance and reinfection rates highlight the need for an effective schistosomiasis vaccine. Schistosoma mansoni large subunit of calpain (Sm-p80)-based vaccine formulations have shown remarkable efficacy in protecting against S. mansoni challenge infections in mice and baboons. In this study, we evaluated the cross-species protective efficacy of Sm-p80 vaccine against S...
October 12, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026422/treatment-for-incarcerated-indirect-hernia-with-cross-internal-ring-inguinal-oblique-incision-in-children
#17
Xue-Qiang Yan, Jun Yang, Nan-Nan Zheng, Hou-Fang Kuang, Xu-Fei Duan, Hong-Qiang Bian
BACKGROUND: This study aims to evaluate the utility of the "Cross-Internal Ring" inguinal oblique incision for the surgical treatment of incarcerated indirect hernia (IIH) complicated with severe abdominal distension. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients of IIH complicated with severe abdominal distension were reviewed retrospectively. All patients received operation through the "Cross-Internal Ring" inguinal oblique incision. RESULTS: There were totally 13 patients were included, male to female ratio was 9-4...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026375/sexual-risk-behavior-among-hiv-positive-persons-in-jamaica
#18
Butho Ncube, Jessica Ansong, Kewanna Daniels, Dianne Campbell-Stennett, Pauline E Jolly
BACKGROUND: HIV/AIDS remains a global public health challenge, especially in sub-Saharan Africa and the Caribbean. Sexual risk behaviors among HIV-positive persons place their partners at risk for HIV transmission and other sexually transmitted infections. Stopping transmission acts among HIV-positive people is crucial in reversing HIV incidence. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the prevalence and predictors of sexual risk behaviors among HIV-positive individuals in clinical care in Northwestern Jamaica...
March 2017: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026372/delivery-practices-hygiene-birth-attendance-and-neonatal-infections-in-karamoja-uganda-a-community-based-study
#19
Leah J Hopp
BACKGROUND: Drawing attention to home birth conditions and subsequent neonatal infections is a key starting point to reducing neonatal morbidity which are a main cause of mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. OBJECTIVES: To determine the proportion of respiratory, ophthalmic, and diarrhoeal infections in neonates; the proportion of mothers of neonates, following clean delivery practices; and to explore existing community practices during delivery and the neonatal period...
March 2017: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026144/increased-nk-cell-immunity-in-a-transgenic-mouse-model-of-nkp46-overexpression
#20
Ariella Glasner, Batya Isaacson, Sergey Viukov, Tzahi Neuman, Nehemya Friedman, Michal Mandelboim, Veronika Sexl, Jacob H Hanna, Ofer Mandelboim
Natural Killer (NK) cells employ activating receptors like the Natural Cytotoxicity Receptors (NCRs: NKp30, NKp44 and NKp46), of which only NKp46 has a mouse orthologue (Ncr1), to eliminate abnormal cells. NKp46/Ncr1 is considered a selective marker for NK cells, although it is also found on a subset of ILCs, where it appears to be without function. The influenza virus hemagglutinin (HA) was the first ligand identified for Ncr1/NKp46 followed by other viral, bacterial and even fungal ligands. NKp46/Ncr1 also recognizes unknown self and tumor ligands...
October 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
keyword
keyword
12546
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"