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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922319/disparities-in-access-to-care-in-marginalized-populations
#1
Elizabeth A Silberholz, Nicola Brodie, Nancy D Spector, Amy E Pattishall
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The current article reviews recent literature related to three groups whose health is affected by barriers to the healthcare system: refugee and immigrant populations; youth who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, or questioning; and those with mental health problems. RECENT FINDINGS: Refugee and immigrant populations are increasing worldwide, and recent work has focused on improving their access to mental, dental, and preventive care...
September 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918540/a-mixed-method-assessment-of-a-pilot-peer-advocate-intervention-for-rural-gender-and-sexual-minorities
#2
Cathleen E Willging, Audrey Harkness, Tania Israel, David Ley, Patricia S Hokanson, Catherine DeMaria, Aaron Joplin, Verida Smiley
Mental health disparities affect lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) people in rural America. There are few empirically-based mental health interventions for this population. This exploratory study uses a mixed-method approach to assess implementation issues related to the feasibility, acceptability, appropriateness, and preliminary impacts of a novel peer-based intervention designed to enhance support and treatment engagement among rural LGBTQ people with mental distress and/or addiction issues...
September 16, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917969/hysterectomy-for-the-transgendered-male-a-review-of-perioperative-considerations-and-surgical-techniques-with-description-of-a-novel-2-port-laparoscopic-approach
#3
REVIEW
Cherie Q Marfori, Catherine Z Wu, Quinton Katler, Mollie Kotzen, Parisa Samimi, Matthew T Siedhoff
Transgendered individuals can suffer a significant amount of psychological distress which can be alleviated through hormonal treatments and/or gender-affirming surgery. The World Professional Association for Transgender Health (WPATH) considers a hysterectomy and BSO medically necessary gender-affirming procedures for the interested transgendered male. Several surgical approaches have been described in the literature, the majority of which endorse a laparoscopic approach. This review will summarize the available literature on surgical techniques in addition to reporting our institutional outcomes using a novel 2-port laparoscopic approach...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915919/project-lifeskills-a-randomized-controlled-efficacy-trial-of-a-culturally-tailored-empowerment-based-and-group-delivered-hiv-prevention-intervention-for-young-transgender-women-study-protocol
#4
Lisa M Kuhns, Matthew J Mimiaga, Sari L Reisner, Katie Biello, Robert Garofalo
BACKGROUND: Transgender women in the U.S. have an alarmingly high incidence rate of HIV infection; condomless anal and vaginal sex is the primary risk behavior driving transmission. Young transgender women are the subpopulation at the highest risk for HIV. Despite this, there are no published randomized controlled efficacy trials testing interventions to reduce sexual risk for HIV among this group. This paper describes the design of a group-based intervention trial to reduce sexual risk for HIV acquisition and transmission in young transgender women...
September 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915089/transgender-teachers-the-personal-pedagogical-and-political
#5
Kristopher Wells
This empirical research study examines the experiences of three male-to-female transgender teachers who transitioned genders, in three different decades (1980s, 1990s, 2000s) while actively teaching within Canadian K-12 public schools. I utilize poststructural storylines to explore how these transgender teachers navigated the personal, pedagogical, and political and the survival and transition strategies they developed to become intelligible within their schools. Their storylines illustrate how they developed counter narratives to challenge traditional discourses of trans invisibility, silence, shame, and fear...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914704/rectoneovaginal-fistula-in-a-transgender-woman-successfully-repaired-using-a-buccal-mucosa-graft
#6
Molly Abbott Elmer-DeWitt, Hadley M Wood, Tracy Hull, Cecile A Unger
BACKGROUND: Rectoneovaginal fistulae (RnVFs) are abnormal connections between the rectum and a surgically created neovagina. Although very uncommon, they confer significant morbidity in patients and may require a multidisciplinary team approach to the repair. Risk factors for RnVF include rectal injury at the time of neovaginoplasty, malignancy in the neovagina, trauma (iatrogenic or otherwise), radiation, and neovaginal revision surgery. CASE DESCRIPTION: The patient is a 64-year-old transgender woman with recurrent RnVF following penile skin inversion neovaginoplasty, which was complicated by an intraoperative rectal injury...
September 13, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914501/andrology-of-male-to-female-transsexuals-influence-of-cross-sex-hormone-therapy-on-testicular-function
#7
REVIEW
F Schneider, S Kliesch, S Schlatt, N Neuhaus
Patients with gender dysphoria are offered cross-sex hormone therapy and sex reassignment surgery to achieve the transition between the sex assigned at birth and gender identity. According to international guidelines, cross-sex hormone therapy in trans-women should lead to a psychologically and physiologically healthy body with feminized serum hormone levels, resulting in suppression of spermatogenesis. However, in a recently published multi-center study, we discovered a high proportion of patients with male serum hormone levels and qualitatively intact spermatogenesis on the day of sex reassignment surgery...
September 2017: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914160/making-boundaries-great-again-essentialism-and-support-for-boundary-enhancing-initiatives
#8
Steven O Roberts, Arnold K Ho, Marjorie Rhodes, Susan A Gelman
Psychological essentialism entails a focus on category boundaries (e.g., categorizing people as men or women) and an increase in the conceptual distance between those boundaries (e.g., accentuating the differences between men and women). Across eight studies, we demonstrate that essentialism additionally entails an increase in support for boundary-enhancing legislation, policies, and social services, and that it does so under conditions that disadvantage social groups, as well as conditions that benefit them...
August 1, 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913950/do-transgender-children-gender-stereotype-less-than-their-peers-and-siblings
#9
Kristina R Olson, Elizabeth A Enright
In the present work, we ask whether socially transitioned, transgender children differ from other children in their endorsement of gender stereotypes and response to others' gender nonconformity. We compare transgender children (N = 56) to a group of siblings of transgender children (N = 37), and a group of unrelated control participants (N = 56) during middle childhood (ages 6-8 years old). Our results indicate that transgender children and the siblings of transgender children endorse gender stereotypes less than the control group...
September 15, 2017: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905274/erratum-to-hiv-prevention-among-transgender-populations-knowledge-gaps-and-evidence-for-action
#10
Tonia Poteat, Mannat Malik, Ayden Scheim, Ayana Elliott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2017: Current HIV/AIDS Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903647/intergroup-contact-and-social-change-implications-of-negative-and-positive-contact-for-collective-action-in-advantaged-and-disadvantaged-groups
#11
Nils Karl Reimer, Julia C Becker, Angelika Benz, Oliver Christ, Kristof Dhont, Ulrich Klocke, Sybille Neji, Magdalena Rychlowska, Katharina Schmid, Miles Hewstone
Previous research has shown that (a) positive intergroup contact with an advantaged group can discourage collective action among disadvantaged-group members and (b) positive intergroup contact can encourage advantaged-group members to take action on behalf of disadvantaged outgroups. Two studies investigated the effects of negative as well as positive intergroup contact. Study 1 ( n = 482) found that negative but not positive contact with heterosexual people was associated with sexual-minority students' engagement in collective action (via group identification and perceived discrimination)...
January 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903157/transgender-surgery-not-the-benchmark-for-gender-marker-determination
#12
Justin D Arnold, Amy E Nelson, Erin M Loubier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903090/a-descriptive-analysis-of-alcohol-behaviors-across-gender-subgroups-within-a-sample-of-transgender-adults
#13
Jennifer M Staples, Elizabeth C Neilson, William H George, Brian P Flaherty, Kelly Cue Davis
OBJECTIVE: Transgender (trans) adults are identified as an at-risk group for problem alcohol use. Descriptive empirical data examining alcohol behaviors among trans adults is limited. The present study investigates alcohol behaviors - quantity, frequency, alcohol-related problems, and drinking to cope motives - across sex assigned at birth, gender expression, and gender identity subgroups within a sample of trans adults. METHOD: A total of 317 trans participants were recruited to complete a cross-sectional battery of online measures assessing alcohol use behaviors, alcohol-related problems, and drinking to cope...
August 18, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902689/experiences-of-adults-with-intellectual-disability-who-identify-as-lesbian-gay-bisexual-transgender-queer-or-questioning-intersex-or-asexual-a-systematic-review-protocol
#14
Vemel Ramasamy, Fiona Rillotta, June Alexander
The purpose of this systematic review is to identify, appraise and synthesize the best available qualitative evidence on the lived experiences of adults with intellectual disability who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer or questioning, intersex or asexual in mainstream society.
September 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902560/on-being-transnational-and-transgender-human-rights-and-public-health-considerations
#15
Don Operario, Tooru Nemoto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902071/the-importance-of-risk-perception-predictors-of-prep-acceptance-among-thai-msm-and-tg-women-at-a-community-based-health-service
#16
Rosalyn Plotzker, Pich Seekaew, Jureeporn Jantarapakde, Supabhorn Pengnonyang, Deondara Trachunthong, Danai Lingjongrat, Surang Janyam, Thitiyanun Nakpor, Sutinee Charoenying, Stephen Mills, Ravipa Vannakit, Michael Cassell, Praphan Phanuphak, Cheewanan Lertpiriyasuwat, Nittaya Phanuphak
BACKGROUND: HIV prevalence among Thai men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women (TG) are 9.15% and 11.8% respectively, compared to 1.1% in the general population. To better understand early adopters of Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) in Thailand, we analyzed bio-behavioral and socio-demographic characteristics of PrEP-eligible MSM and TG. SETTING: Four Thai urban community clinics between October 2015 and February 2016 METHODS:: Socio-demographics, HIV risk characteristics, and PrEP knowledge and attitudes, were analyzed in association with PrEP initiation among eligible Thai MSM and TG...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901829/resilience-to-discrimination-and-rejection-among-young-sexual-minority-males-and-transgender-females-a-qualitative-study-on-coping-with-minority-stress
#17
Laura Jane Bry, Brian Mustanski, Robert Garofalo, Michelle Nicole Burns
Sexual minority and transgender status is associated with mental health disparities, which have been empirically and theoretically linked to stressors related to social stigma. Despite exposure to these unique stressors, many sexual minority and transgender individuals will not experience mental health disorders in their lifetime. Little is known about the specific processes that sexual minority and transgender youth use to maintain their wellbeing in the presence of discrimination and rejection. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 sexual minority males and transgender females aged 18-22 years, who currently met criteria for an operationalized definition of resilience to depression and anxiety...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900753/fertility-treatment-for-the-transgender-community-a-public-opinion-study
#18
Randi H Goldman, Daniel J Kaser, Stacey A Missmer, Leslie V Farland, Scout, Rachel K Ashby, Elizabeth S Ginsburg
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to evaluate public opinion regarding fertility treatment and gamete cryopreservation for transgender individuals and identify how support varies by demographic characteristics. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional web-based survey study completed by a representative sample of 1111 US residents aged 18-75 years. Logistic regression was used to calculate odd ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of support for/opposition to fertility treatments for transgender people by demographic characteristics, adjusting a priori for age, gender, race, and having a biological child...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894670/reply-what-is-the-ideal-neophallus-response-to-frey-et-al-2017-an-update-on-genital-reconstruction-options-for-the-female-to-male-transgender-patient-a-review-of-the-literature
#19
Jordan D Frey, Grace Poudrier, Michael V Chiodo, Alexes Hazen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894669/what-is-the-ideal-neophallus-response-to-frey-et-al-2017-an-update-on-genital-reconstruction-options-for-the-female-to-male-transgender-patient-a-review-of-the-literature
#20
Lian Elfering, Mujde Özer, Marlon E Buncamper, Jan-Maerten Smit, Garry L S Pigot, Mark Bram Bouman, Margriet G Mullender
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
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