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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932634/a-narrative-review-of-the-literature-about-people-with-intellectual-disability-who-identify-as-lesbian-gay-bisexual-transgender-intersex-or-questioning
#1
Nathan J Wilson, Jemima Macdonald, Brenda Hayman, Alexandra M Bright, Patsie Frawley, Gisselle Gallego
This narrative review of the research literature presents a summary about the key issues facing people with intellectual disability (ID) who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, intersex or questioning (LGBTIQ). The aim of this review was to consolidate research of the topic; to identify whether any pilot studies reporting social/sexual/educational interventions had been published; and to offer some perspective on the type of future research required to better inform policy, practice and theory that may lead to better outcomes for people with ID who identify as LGBTIQ...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931519/high-prevalence-of-hiv-chlamydia-and-gonorrhoea-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-transgender-women-attending-trusted-community-centres-in-abuja-and-lagos-nigeria
#2
Babajide Keshinro, Trevor A Crowell, Rebecca G Nowak, Sylvia Adebajo, Sheila Peel, Charlotte A Gaydos, Cristina Rodriguez-Hart, Stefan D Baral, Melissa J Walsh, Ogbonnaya S Njoku, Sunday Odeyemi, Teclaire Ngo-Ndomb, William A Blattner, Merlin L Robb, Manhattan E Charurat, Julie Ake
INTRODUCTION: Sexually transmitted infection (STI) and HIV prevalence have been reported to be higher amongst men who have sex with men (MSM) in Nigeria than in the general population. The objective of this study was to characterize the prevalence of HIV, chlamydia and gonorrhoea in this population using laboratory-based universal testing. METHODS: TRUST/RV368 represents a cohort of MSM and transgender women (TGW) recruited at trusted community centres in Abuja and Lagos, Nigeria, using respondent-driven sampling (RDS)...
2016: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923302/fair-care-for-trans-people
#3
Erin Dean
Essential facts Nurses feel woefully underprepared to meet the needs of transgender patients, according to an RCN survey. Despite a steep rise in numbers of transgender patients across the UK, there is a lack of training to equip nurses with the skills needed to care for them.
December 7, 2016: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921325/hiv-risk-perception-hiv-knowledge-and-sexual-risk-behaviors-among-transgender-women-in-south-florida
#4
Joseph P De Santis, Shayne D Hauglum, Diego A Deleon, Elias Provencio-Vasquez, Allan E Rodriguez
OBJECTIVES: Transgender women experience a variety of factors that may contribute to HIV risk. The purpose of this study was to explore links among HIV risk perception, knowledge, and sexual risk behaviors of transgender women. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: A descriptive, correlational study design was used. Fifty transgender women from the South Florida area were enrolled in the study. MEASURES: Transgender women completed a demographic questionnaire and standardized instruments measuring HIV risk perception, knowledge, and sexual risk behaviors...
December 5, 2016: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918871/promising-pedagogy-advancing-the-educational-experience-of-queer-students-through-transformative-leadership
#5
Thomas Zook
The school experience for queer youth is often quite different from that of their heterosexual and gender-conforming peers; yet, it is often the case that little attention is given to the disparate and inequitable educational and social conditions under which lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer/questioning (LGBTQ) youth must learn. In fact, the entirety of pedagogical structures in many schools creates milieus where queer youth, those who have loved ones who are queer, and those who are merely perceived to be queer are systematically marginalized and deprived of their right to a safe, supportive, and equitable educational experience...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916515/oestrogen-and-anti-androgen-therapy-for-transgender-women
#6
REVIEW
Vin Tangpricha, Martin den Heijer
Transgender women experience lifelong gender dysphoria due to a gender assignment at birth that is incongruent with their gender identity. They often seek hormone therapy, with or without surgery, to improve their gender dysphoria and to better align their physical and psychological features with a more feminine gender role. Some of the desired physical changes from oestrogen and anti-androgen therapy include decreased body and facial hair, decreased muscle mass, breast growth, and redistribution of fat. Overall the risks of treatment are low, but include thromboembolism, the risk of which depends on the dose and route of oestrogen administration...
December 1, 2016: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911583/advancing-research-on-structural-stigma-and-sexual-orientation-disparities-in-mental-health-among-youth
#7
Mark L Hatzenbuehler
Psychological research on stigma has focused largely on the perceptions of stigmatized individuals and their interpersonal interactions with the nonstigmatized. This work has been critical in documenting many of the ways in which stigma operates to harm those who are targeted. However, this research has also tended to overlook broader structural forms of stigma, which refer to societal-level conditions, cultural norms, and institutional policies and practices that constrain the lives of the stigmatized. In this article I describe the emerging field of research on structural stigma and review evidence documenting the harmful consequences of structural stigma for the mental/behavioral health of lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911074/school-bathroom-access-for-transgender-students
#8
Joellen Kralik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: NCSL Legisbrief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908366/urologic-sequelae-following-phalloplasty-in-transgendered-patients
#9
REVIEW
Dmitriy Nikolavsky, Yuka Yamaguchi, Jamie P Levine, Lee C Zhao
In recent years, the issues of the transgender population have become more visible in the media worldwide. Transgender patients at various stages of their transformation will present to urologic clinics requiring general or specialized urologic care. Knowledge of specifics of reconstructed anatomy and potential unique complications of the reconstruction will become important in providing urologic care to these patients. In this article, we have concentrated on describing diagnosis and treatment of the more common urologic complications after female-to-male reconstructions: urethrocutaneous fistulae, neourethral strictures, and symptomatic persistent vaginal cavities...
February 2017: Urologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900502/values-and-preferences-on-the-use-of-oral-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prep-for-hiv-prevention-among-multiple-populations-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#10
Florence M Koechlin, Virginia A Fonner, Sarah L Dalglish, Kevin R O'Reilly, Rachel Baggaley, Robert M Grant, Michelle Rodolph, Ioannis Hodges-Mameletzis, Caitlin E Kennedy
Daily oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is the use of antiretroviral drugs by HIV-negative people to prevent HIV infection. WHO released new guidelines in 2015 recommending PrEP for all populations at substantial risk of HIV infection. To prepare these guidelines, we conducted a systematic review of values and preferences among populations that might benefit from PrEP, women, heterosexual men, young women and adolescent girls, female sex workers, serodiscordant couples, transgender people and people who inject drugs, and among healthcare providers who may prescribe PrEP...
November 29, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900315/effectiveness-and-efficiency-of-improving-hiv-service-provision-for-key-populations-in-nicaragua
#11
Edward Ivor Broughton, Oscar Nunez, Rafael Arana, Alexey Oviedo
OBJECTIVE: HIV in Nicaragua is concentrated among key populations (KPs) - men who have sex with men, female sex workers, and female transgender - in whom prevalence is 600-4,000 times higher than the general population. The United States Agency for International Development PrevenSida project is aimed at increasing healthy behavior among KPs and people with HIV and improving testing, counseling, and continuity of prevention and treatment by building capacity and improving performance of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) providing services to KPs...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898255/lgbt-identity-untreated-depression-and-unmet-need-for-mental-health-services-by-sexual-minority-women-and-trans-identified-people
#12
Leah S Steele, Andrea Daley, Deone Curling, Margaret F Gibson, Datejie C Green, Charmaine C Williams, Lori E Ross
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have found that transgender, lesbian, and bisexual people report poorer mental health relative to heterosexuals. However, available research provides little information about mental health service access among the highest need groups within these communities: bisexual women and transgender people. This study compared past year unmet need for mental health care and untreated depression between four groups: heterosexual cisgender (i.e., not transgender) women, cisgender lesbians, cisgender bisexual women, and transgender people...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897769/fair-care-for-transgender-patients
#13
Erin Dean
Essential facts Nurses feel woefully underprepared to meet the needs of transgender patients, according to an RCN survey. Despite a steep rise in numbers of transgender patients across the UK, there is a lack of training to equip nurses with the skills needed to care for them.
November 16, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896550/global-trends-of-monitoring-and-data-collection-on-the-hiv-response-among-key-populations-since-the-2001-un-declaration-of-commitment-on-hiv-aids
#14
Julia Gall, Keith Sabin, Luisa Frescura, Miriam Lewis Sabin, Taavi Erkkola, Igor Toskin
Monitoring and evaluation indicators for HIV programs' response to the epidemic among key populations (sex workers, people who inject drugs, men who have sex with men, transgender people) are critical for reviewing the global response. From the beginning of global reporting, insufficiency of data has been a challenge for monitoring the epidemic response among key populations. However, key populations were only indirectly referenced in the 2001 Declaration of Commitment. By the 2006 Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS, data from key populations were still not required from every country, and were sparsely reported compared to other indicators...
November 28, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889854/do-we-have-a-moral-responsibility-to-compensate-for-vulnerable-groups-a-discussion-on-the-right-to-health-for-lgbt-people
#15
Perihan Elif Ekmekci
Vulnerability is a broad concept widely addressed in recent scholarly literature. Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people are among the vulnerable populations with significant disadvantages related to health and the social determinants of health. Medical ethics discourse tackles vulnerability from philosophical and political perspectives. LGBT people experience several disadvantages from both perspectives. This article aims to justify the right to health for LGBT people and their particular claims regarding healthcare because they belong to a vulnerable group...
November 26, 2016: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883307/informed-consent-in-the-medical-care-of-transgender-and-gender-nonconforming-patients
#16
Timothy Cavanaugh, Ruben Hopwood, Cei Lambert
Informed consent as a model of care has evolved as an alternative to the standard model of care recommended by the World Professional Association for Transgender Health's Standards of Care, version 7, which emphasizes the importance of mental health professionals' role in diagnosing gender dysphoria and in assessing the appropriateness and readiness for gender-affirming medical treatments. By contrast, the informed consent model for gender-affirming treatment seeks to acknowledge and better support the patient's right to, and capability for, personal autonomy in choosing care options without the required involvement of a mental health professional...
November 1, 2016: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883306/lessons-from-a-transgender-patient-for-health-care-professionals
#17
Ryan K Sallans
It is not uncommon for transgender patients to avoid sharing information about their identity and medical history with health care professionals, due to past negative experiences within health care settings. Professionals who show sensitivity to the topic and express care about health record documentation can increase a transgender patient's trust. There are many opportunities to increase transgender health literacy, including consultation, conferences, webinars, books, and articles focused on transgender health care...
November 1, 2016: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883305/understanding-transgender-and-medically-assisted-gender-transition-feminism-as-a-critical-resource
#18
Jamie Lindemann Nelson
Feminism has fought the trivialization of women's experiences, championed women's security, and insisted on respect for women's choices. In so doing, feminism has developed important perspectives on the complicated connections between what gender means as it plays itself in people's lives, and the inequalities of power and authority that structure much of human experience. Here, I put a few of these perspectives into contact with an issue where the interactions of gender and power are squarely in play: medicine's role in assisting gender transitioning generally and, specifically, the enduring controversy between medicine and many transgender people about the pathologization of transgender and the role of clinicians as gatekeepers to gender-transition interventions...
November 1, 2016: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883304/transgender-rights-as-human-rights
#19
Tia Powell, Sophia Shapiro, Ed Stein
Arguments to support transgender rights often rely on "born that way" arguments, which assert that gender identity is innate, immutable, and unassociated with choice. These arguments are vulnerable to attack on several grounds, including on the basis of emerging scientific data. Stronger support for transgender rights arises from human rights arguments.
November 1, 2016: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883303/transgender-reproductive-choice-and-fertility-preservation
#20
Khadija Mitu
Increasing numbers of young transgender people are now using medical technologies to achieve a physical gender transition. However, the procedures of physical gender transition might cause temporary or permanent sterility. Thus many transgender people are now using fertility preservation technologies. Nonetheless, they can experience dilemmas in making reproductive and family-building decisions and face challenges in gaining access to and utilizing fertility preservation services. Based on qualitative research conducted with transgender men and women who used reproductive technologies for preserving their fertility before or during their physical transition, this paper contributes to the discourse of reproductive choice by the inclusion of transgender people's experience...
November 1, 2016: AMA Journal of Ethics
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