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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095262/biosimilars-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-accumulating-clinical-evidence
#1
Sean McConachie, Sheila M Wilhelm, Pramodini B Kale-Pradhan
Biologic antagonists to tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF- α) are effective medications and have become well established in the treatment of both Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. Biosimilar medications, which are medications deemed to be equivalent to reference biologic products in terms of clinical effectiveness, safety, pharmacokinetic analysis, and immunogenicity, have now been approved in inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) based on indication exploration from clinical data in alternate disease states...
January 17, 2017: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087505/2016-update-of-the-asas-eular-management-recommendations-for-axial-spondyloarthritis
#2
Désirée van der Heijde, Sofia Ramiro, Robert Landewé, Xenofon Baraliakos, Filip Van den Bosch, Alexandre Sepriano, Andrea Regel, Adrian Ciurea, Hanne Dagfinrud, Maxime Dougados, Floris van Gaalen, Pál Géher, Irene van der Horst-Bruinsma, Robert D Inman, Merryn Jongkees, Uta Kiltz, Tore K Kvien, Pedro M Machado, Helena Marzo-Ortega, Anna Molto, Victoria Navarro-Compàn, Salih Ozgocmen, Fernando M Pimentel-Santos, John Reveille, Martin Rudwaleit, Jochen Sieper, Percival Sampaio-Barros, Dieter Wiek, Jürgen Braun
To update and integrate the recommendations for ankylosing spondylitis and the recommendations for the use of tumour necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFi) in axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) into one set applicable to the full spectrum of patients with axSpA. Following the latest version of the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) Standardised Operating Procedures, two systematic literature reviews first collected the evidence regarding all treatment options (pharmacological and non-pharmacological) that were published since 2009...
January 13, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079501/clinical-efficacy-of-oral-alendronate-in-ankylosing-spondylitis-a-randomised-placebo-controlled-trial
#3
Lucy Coates, Jonathan C Packham, Paul Creamer, Sarah Hailwood, Ashley S Bhalla, Kuntal Chakravarty, Diamuid Mulherin, Gordon Taylor, Derek L Mattey, Ashok K Bhalla
OBJECTIVES: A prospective, double blind, randomised, placebo controlled trial over 2 years was performed to test the efficacy of alendronate, an oral aminobisphosphonate, in improving symptoms and arrest disease progression in patients with mild to severe ankylosing spondylitis (AS). METHODS: 180 patients with AS were randomised to receive weekly alendronate 70 mg or placebo (1:1 randomisation). BAS-G was the primary outcome measure with Bath indices as secondary outcomes...
January 4, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076929/non-invasive-imaging-demonstrates-clinical-features-of-ankylosing-spondylitis-in-a-rat-adjuvant-model-a-case-study
#4
N Accart, J Dawson, F Kolbinger, I Kramer, N Beckmann
Ankylosing spondylitis is a common rheumatic disease involving both inflammatory erosive osteopenia and bony overgrowth. Main disease features are recapitulated in small rodents challenged with complete Freund's adjuvant. MRI was used to follow longitudinally in vivo changes induced in the rat spine and micro-CT as terminal assessment of bone damage. Histochemistry methods were used to validate these imaging modalities in view of preclinical drug testing and translational applications of spine imaging. Animals were examined using a 3D fat-suppressed gradient-echo sequence, following the injection of gadolinium...
November 2, 2016: European Journal of Histochemistry: EJH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069576/dysbiosis-and-zonulin-upregulation-alter-gut-epithelial-and-vascular-barriers-in-patients-with-ankylosing-spondylitis
#5
Francesco Ciccia, Giuliana Guggino, Aroldo Rizzo, Riccardo Alessandro, Michele Maria Luchetti, Simon Milling, Laura Saieva, Heleen Cypers, Tommaso Stampone, Paola Di Benedetto, Armando Gabrielli, Alessio Fasano, Dirk Elewaut, Giovanni Triolo
BACKGROUND: Dysbiosis has been recently demonstrated in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) but its implications in the modulation of intestinal immune responses have never been studied. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of ileal bacteria in modulating local and systemic immune responses in AS. METHODS: Ileal biopsies were obtained from 50 HLA-B27(+) patients with AS and 20 normal subjects. Silver stain was used to visualise bacteria. Ileal expression of tight and adherens junction proteins was investigated by TaqMan real-time (RT)-PCR and immunohistochemistry...
January 9, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068970/quadriplegia-caused-by-an-epidural-abscess-occurring-at-the-same-level-of-cervical-destructive-spondyloarthropathy-a-case-report
#6
Jun-Seok Lee, Ji-Hyun Ryu, Jong-Tae Park, Ki-Won Kim
BACKGROUND: Destructive spondyloarthropathy (DSA) is one of the major complications in patients undergoing long-term hemodialysis. To the best of our knowledge, an epidural abscess occurring at the level of preexisting cervical DSA has not been well described in the literature. We report a unique case of quadriplegia caused by an epidural abscess occurring at the same level of preexisting cervical DSA. CASE PRESENTATION: A 49-year-old woman was transferred to our emergency department with 5 days of sepsis, drowsy mental status, and quadriplegia below the C5 level...
January 10, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068278/cervical-spondylitis-and-epidural-abscess-caused-by-brucellosis-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#7
Hatice Reşorlu, Suzan Saçar, Beşir Şahin Inceer, Ayla Akbal, Ferhat Gökmen, Coskun Zateri, Yilmaz Savaş
Brucellosis is a zoonotic disease widely seen in endemic regions and that can lead to systemic involvement. The musculoskeletal system is frequently affected, and the disease can exhibit clinical involvements such as arthritis, spondylitis, spondylodiscitis, osteomyelitis, tenosynovitis and bursitis. Spondylitis and spondylodiscitis, common complications of brucellosis, predominantly affect the lumbar and thoracic vertebrae. Epidural abscess may occur as a rare complication of spondylitis. Spinal brucellosis and development of epidural abscess in the cervical region are rare...
December 1, 2016: Folia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065978/spontaneous-bilateral-quadriceps-rupture-in-a-patient-with-ankylosing-spondylitis-a-case-report
#8
Azib Shahid, Hafiz Shahid Mushtaq, Syed Muhammad Azfar
Ankylosing spondylitis is a prototype rheumatoid factor-negative spondyloarthropathy that causes the vertebrae to fuse making the spine less flexible, resulting in a hunched-forward posture. A 47-year-old male who was a known case of ankylosing spondylitis presented with left quadriceps rupture after raising his right foot to lightly hit a football. He was fitted with a knee immobilizer as an emergency measure. The extent of the rupture was not yet established when patient requested leave to go home. The right quadriceps was ruptured as well when he took his immobilizer off to go the bathroom...
January 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063628/separate-effects-of-the-ankylosing-spondylitis-associated-erap1-and-erap2-aminopeptidases-determine-the-influence-of-their-combined-phenotype-on-the-hla-b-27-peptidome
#9
Adrian Martín-Esteban, Alejandro Sanz-Bravo, Pablo Guasp, Eilon Barnea, Arie Admon, José A López de Castro
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is an inflammatory disease strongly associated with the Major Histocompatibility Complex class I (MHC-I) allotype HLA-B*27. The endoplasmic reticulum aminopeptidases (ERAP)1 and 2, which trim peptides to their optimal length for MHC-I binding, are also susceptibility factors for this disease. Both highly active ERAP1 variants and ERAP2 expression favor AS, whereas loss-of-function ERAP1 and loss-of-expression ERAP2 variants are protective. Yet, only ERAP1 is in epistasis with HLA-B*27...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Autoimmunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063070/defining-functioning-categories-in-axial-spondyloarthritis-the-role-of-the-asas-health-index
#10
Marco Di Carlo, Valentina Lato, Andrea Di Matteo, Marina Carotti, Fausto Salaffi
The Assessment of SpondyloArthritis international Society Health Index (ASAS HI) is an inclusive questionnaire, able to describe the total impairments and restrictions due to axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA). Considering the relationship between ASAS HI and the Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Score (ASDAS)-CRP, the aim of this study is to establish the ASAS HI cut-off values for functioning categories employing the ASDAS-CRP disease activity states in axSpA patients. ASAS HI and ASDAS-CPR were obtained from 140 consecutive axSpA patients, divided in the four ASDAS-CRP disease activity categories...
January 6, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054948/rs657075-csf2-is-associated-with-the-disease-phenotype-bas-g-of-ankylosing-spondylitis
#11
Wei-Chiao Chen, James Cheng-Chung Wei, Hsing-Fang Lu, Henry Sung-Ching Wong, Peng Yeong Woon, Yu-Wen Hsu, Jin-Ding Huang, Wei-Chiao Chang
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a systemic autoimmune disease mainly affecting the lumbar spine and sacroiliac joints, and exhibits peripheral inflammatory arthropathy. More than 25 loci have been identified as associated with AS. Because both AS and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are autoimmune diseases that may share some common genetic factors, we therefore examined if the newly identified RA genetic polymorphisms were associated with AS in a Taiwanese population. In this study, we enrolled 475 AS patients and 11,301 healthy subjects from a Taiwanese biobank as controls...
January 3, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051109/ehlers-danlos-syndrome-hypermobility-type-is-associated-with-rheumatic-diseases
#12
Kyla R Rodgers, Jiang Gui, Mary Beth P Dinulos, Richard C Chou
We retrospectively analyzed electronic medical records of patients with Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome hypermobility type (HEDS), including demographic information, workup, rheumatological diagnoses in order to determine its association with rheumatological conditions. HEDS Patients were stratified according to level of workup received (no additional work (physical exam only) = NWU, limited workup = LWU, comprehensive workup = CWU)). HEDS patients were predominantly female (21:4, F:M). The percentage of patients with at least one rheumatological condition was significantly correlated with level of workup (NWU, 9...
January 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049827/erap1-association-with-ankylosing-spondylitis-is-attributable-to-common-genotypes-rather-than-rare-haplotype-combinations
#13
Amity R Roberts, Louise H Appleton, Adrian Cortes, Matteo Vecellio, Jonathan Lau, Laura Watts, Matthew A Brown, Paul Wordsworth
We investigated the proposal that ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is associated with unusual ERAP1 genotypes. ERAP1 haplotypes were constructed for 213 AS cases and 46 rheumatoid arthritis controls using family data. Haplotypes were generated from five common ERAP1 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs)-rs2287987 (M349V), rs30187 (K528R), rs10050860 (D575N), rs17482078 (R725Q), and rs27044 (Q730E). Haplotype frequencies were compared using Fisher's exact test. ERAP1 haplotypes imputed from the International Genetics of AS Consortium (IGAS) Immunochip study were also studied...
January 17, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044957/right-hemihepatectomy-for-colon-cancer-metachronous-liver-metastasis-in-a-patient-with-crohn-s-disease-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#14
Ionuţ Negoi, Alexandru Runcanu, Sorin Paun, Mircea Beuran
: Introduction: Twenty percent of patients with colorectal cancer present stage IV disease at the time of diagnosis. The Crohn's disease increases 20 times the risk of colorectal cancer and worsens the patients' prognosis. The objective of this case report is to illustrate the surgical resection of a liver metachronous metastasis of colon cancer origin in a patient with Crohn's disease. CASE REPORT: A 53-year old female patient was admitted to our hospital for a colon cancer metachronous liver metastasis...
November 2016: Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043168/plasma-levels-of-pentraxin-3-in-patients-with-spondyloarthritis
#15
Renato Nisihara, Thelma L Skare, João Otávio Zeni, Henrique Rasera, Karita Lidani, Iara Messias-Reason
CONTEXT: Determining the disease's inflammatory activity in Spondyloarthritis (SpA) is difficult although very important as it is this that drives treatment. OBJECTIVE: To investigate if plasma PTX3 (Pentraxine-3) could act as an inflammatory marker in SpA. METHODS: Eighty one SpA patients (11 with psoriatic arthritis or PsoA and 70 with Ankylosing Spondylitis or AS) and 90 gender and age paired controls were studied for plasma PTX3 levels by ELISA...
January 3, 2017: Biomarkers: Biochemical Indicators of Exposure, Response, and Susceptibility to Chemicals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042142/down-regulation-of-lncrna-ak001085-and-its-influences-on-the-diagnosis-of-ankylosing-spondylitis
#16
Xiang Li, Wei Chai, Guoqiang Zhang, Ming Ni, Jiying Chen, Jiyuan Dong, Yonggang Zhou, Libo Hao, Yang Bai, Yan Wang
BACKGROUND Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been confirmed to play an important role in the development and progression of diseases. Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a chronic inflammatory systemic disease and it is hard to be found in early time. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of lncRNA-AK001085 in the diagnosis of AS. MATERIAL AND METHODS The expression of lncRNA-AK001085 was detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) analysis. The relationship between its expression and clinicopathologic characteristics was also analyzed...
January 2, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042135/developing-a-risk-scoring-model-for-ankylosing-spondylitis-based-on-a-combination-of-hla-b27-single-nucleotide-polymorphism-and-copy-number-variant-markers
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040243/radiographic-damage-and-progression-of-the-cervical-spine-in-ankylosing-spondylitis-patients-treated-with-tnf-%C3%AE-inhibitors-facet-joints-vs-vertebral-bodies
#18
Fiona Maas, Anneke Spoorenberg, Elisabeth Brouwer, Eveline van der Veer, Hendrika Bootsma, Reinhard Bos, Freke R Wink, Suzanne Arends
OBJECTIVES: To investigate radiographic damage and 4-year progression of the cervical facet joints in a prospective observational cohort of AS patients treated with TNF-α inhibitors, to compare this with damage and progression of the cervical vertebral bodies, and to study the relation with patient characteristics and clinical outcome. METHODS: Patients from the Groningen Leeuwarden AS (GLAS) cohort starting TNF-α inhibitors with baseline and 4-year radiographs were included...
November 9, 2016: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039186/mir-10b-5p-is-a-novel-th17-regulator-present-in-th17-cells-from-ankylosing-spondylitis
#19
L Chen, M H Al-Mossawi, A Ridley, T Sekine, A Hammitzsch, J de Wit, D Simone, H Shi, F Penkava, M Kurowsha-Stolarska, I Pulyakhina, J C Knight, T J Kim, P Bowness
OBJECTIVE: To determine the microRNA (miR) signature in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) T helper (Th)17 cells. METHODS: Interleukin (IL)-17A-producing CD4+ T cells from patients with AS and healthy controls were FACS-sorted for miR sequencing and qPCR validation. miR-10b function was determined by miR mimic expression followed by cytokine measurement, transcriptome analysis, qPCR and luciferase assays. RESULTS: AS Th17 cells exhibited a miR signature characterised by upregulation of miR-155-5p, miR-210-3p and miR-10b...
December 30, 2016: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035438/should-axial-spondyloarthritis-without-radiographic-changes-be-treated-with-anti-tnf-agents
#20
REVIEW
Andrew Keat, Alexander N Bennett, Karl Gaffney, Helena Marzo-Ortega, Raj Sengupta, Tamara Everiss
A spectrum of disease extends beyond the rigid confines of ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) encompasses non-radiographic axSpA (nr-axSpA) in individuals without established radiographic changes but with other clinical/imaging axSpA features and AS in those with definite sacroiliac joint changes on pelvic X-rays. A broad consensus about the management of nr-axSpA is emerging among clinicians, but the evidence base remains open to question. To explore whether nr-axSpA and AS should be treated similarly, we examined the literature on their prevalence, natural history, disease burden, and treatment...
December 29, 2016: Rheumatology International
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