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Uric acid AND cardiovascular AND risk factor

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904431/role-of-gut-derived-uremic-toxins-on-oxidative-stress-and-inflammation-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#1
S Gouroju, P V L N Srinivasa Rao, A R Bitla, K S Vinapamula, S M Manohar, S Vishnubhotla
Several cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors have been identified among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Gut-derived uremic toxins (GDUT) are important modifiable contributors in this respect. There are very few Indian studies on GDUT changes in CKD. One hundred and twenty patients older than 18 years diagnosed with CKD were enrolled along with forty healthy subjects. The patients were classified into three groups of forty patients based on stage of CKD. Indoxyl sulfate (IS), para cresyl sulfate (p-CS), indole acetic acid (IAA), and phenol were estimated along with the assessment of oxidative stress (OS), inflammatory state, and bone mineral disturbance...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836857/uric-acid-and-incident-chronic-kidney-disease-in-dyslipidemic-individuals
#2
Fotios Barkas, Moses Elisaf, Evangelos Liberopoulos, Rigas Kalaitzidis, George Liamis
BACKGROUND: Elevated uric acid (UA) is a recognized risk factor for chronic kidney disease (CKD). We aimed to investigate whether this association exists in dyslipidemic patients receiving multifactorial treatment. METHODS: An observational study conducted in Greece including 1,269 dyslipidemic individuals followed-up in a lipid clinic for ≥3 years. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was calculated by CKD-EPI equation and CKD was defined as ≤60 mL/min/1...
August 24, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801121/impact-of-hyperuricemia-on-long-term-outcomes-of-kidney-transplantation-analysis-of-the-favorit-study
#3
Roberto S Kalil, Myra A Carpenter, Anastasia Ivanova, Lisa Gravens-Mueller, Alin A John, Matthew R Weir, Todd Pesavento, Andrew G Bostom, Marc A Pfeffer, Lawrence G Hunsicker
BACKGROUND: Elevated uric acid concentration is associated with higher rates of cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality in the general population. It is not known whether hyperuricemia increases the risk for CV death or transplant failure in kidney transplant recipients. STUDY DESIGN: Post hoc cohort analysis of the FAVORIT Study, a randomized controlled trial that examined the effect of homocysteine-lowering vitamins on CV disease in kidney transplantation...
August 9, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800356/factors-associated-with-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-a-chinese-case-control-study
#4
Junliang Yuan, Jinsheng Dai, William A Li, Wenli Hu
BACKGROUND Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is one of the most common and most successfully treated vestibular disorders. However, there is a lack of predictive factors for BPPV in clinical practice. We aimed to explore several possible predictive factors for BPPV in the Chinese population. MATERIAL AND METHODS We enrolled 240 patients with BPPV from Beijing Chaoyang Hospital between July 2013 and July 2016. Biochemical and hematological markers were obtained along with the history of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases...
August 11, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770533/hyperuricemia-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-hypertension-an-emerging-association
#5
REVIEW
Ibrahim Mortada
Uric acid is the final oxidation product of purine metabolism in circulation and has been associated with the occurrence of gout and kidney stones. Type 2 diabetes mellitus and hypertension are two important public health challenges, and both are linked to increased risk of cardiovascular events. Hyperuricemia has recently emerged as an independent risk factor in the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus and hypertension through several proposed mechanisms. Few clinical trials investigated the use of uric acid lowering agents in the management of these two disease entities; however, their results provided encouraging evidence to a potential role for these agents in fighting disease burden...
September 2017: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754089/predictive-factors-and-prevalence-of-microalbuminuria-in-hiv-infected-patients-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#6
Katia Falasca, Marta Di Nicola, Italo Porfilio, Claudio Ucciferri, Elisabetta Schiaroli, Chiara Gabrielli, Daniela Francisci, Jacopo Vecchiet
BACKGROUND: Renal dysfunction is a common problem in the HIV+ population, due to the effect of both the HIV virus and the several classes of ARV drugs such as tenofovir (TDF). It is also known that the presence of renal damage correlates with cardiovascular risk and therefore with the risk of mortality of the patients accordingly. The detection of early renal damage is very important. Albuminuria and microalbuminuria are markers of early kidney disease and cardiovascular risk. The aim of the study is to evaluate the prevalence of microalbuminuria in a large polycentric sample, of unselected and consecutive HIV-patients followed as outpatients, and to assess its association with different therapeutic regimens...
July 28, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748118/serum-uric-acid-and-acute-kidney-injury-a-mini-review
#7
REVIEW
Kai Hahn, Mehmet Kanbay, Miguel A Lanaspa, Richard J Johnson, A Ahsan Ejaz
Acute kidney injury causes great morbidity and mortality in both the community and hospital settings. Understanding the etiological factors and the pathophysiological principles resulting in acute kidney injury is essential in prompting appropriate therapies. Recently hyperuricemia has been recognized as a potentially modifiable risk factor for acute kidney injury, including that associated with cardiovascular surgery, radiocontrast administration, rhabdomyolysis, and associated with heat stress. This review discussed the evidence that repeated episodes of acute kidney injury from heat stress and dehydration may also underlie the pathogenesis of the chronic kidney disease epidemic that is occurring in Central America (Mesoamerican nephropathy)...
September 2017: Journal of Advanced Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736368/-relationship-between-blood-pressure-variability-and-combined-cardiovascular-events-in-5-10-years-in-hypertensive-patients
#8
Jun Liu, Rui-Xue DU, Liang Wang, Bin Zhu, Lei-Ming Luo
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship between blood pressure variability (BPV) and combined cardiovascular events in 5-10 years in patients with hypertension. METHODS: A total of 367 hypertensive patients treated in our hospital from January, 2000 to January, 2005 were analyzed, and their BPV was assessed in comparison with 145 normotensive individuals. The hypertensive patients were classified into high BPV group and low BPV group, and the general clinical data and biochemical profiles were compared...
July 20, 2017: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716557/is-the-score-chart-underestimating-the-real-cardiovascular-cv-risk-of-patients-with-psoriatic-arthritis-prevalence-of-subclinical-cv-disease-detected-by-carotid-ultrasound
#9
María Paz Martínez-Vidal, Cristina Fernández-Carballido
OBJECTIVES: To analyse the cardiovascular risk according to the SCORE chart in a series of patients with psoriatic arthritis, and to study the presence of subclinical cardiovascular disease by carotid ultrasound. METHODS: Cross-sectional descriptive study of patients with psoriatic arthritis attended in a tertiary hospital. The presence of classical cardiovascular risk factors and the clinical characteristics of the patients were recorded. The cardiovascular risk was calculated with SCORE, calibrated for Spain...
July 14, 2017: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701671/is-serum-uric-acid-independently-associated-with-left-ventricular-mass-index-ejection-fraction-and-b-type-natriuretic-peptide-among-female-and-male-cardiac-patients
#10
Yohei Yamauchi, Shu-Ichi Fujita, Kensaku Shibata, Hideaki Morita, Takahide Ito, Koichi Sohmiya, Masaaki Hoshiga, Nobukazu Ishizaka
Mean serum uric acid (SUA) levels are higher in men than women. In addition, recent studies have suggested that the SUA threshold at which the cardiovascular risk might increase may vary between women and men. In the current retrospective study, by analyzing the data from 219 female and 519 male patients who were free from uric acid-lowering medication, we investigated whether SUA is associated with left ventricular mass index (LVMI), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), and plasma levels of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) independent of confounding factors, such as serum calcium, inorganic phosphate, and fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23), in a gender-specific manner...
August 3, 2017: International Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694455/asymptomatic-meibomian-gland-dysfunction-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-in-a-middle-aged-population-in-taiwan-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#11
Alexander Chen, Hung-Ta Chen, Hung-Chi Chen, Yi-Tsun Chen, Yih-Hsiou Hwang, Chi-Chin Sun, Ching-Hsi Hsiao, David Hui-Kang Ma, Wei-Chi Wu, Chi-Chun Lai
Managing cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors is the key to prevent CVD. This study aimed to prevent CVD by introducing asymptomatic meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD), a condition associated with various CVD risk factors, as an early indicator for CVD in middle-aged population. Participants with and without asymptomatic MGD underwent standardized questionnaires, physical examinations, and laboratory investigations. One ophthalmologist completed the identification and grading of MGD by using slit-lamp biomicroscopy examination on the eyelid margins, meibomian gland orifices, and meibomian gland secretions...
July 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690854/association-between-serum-uric-acid-and-metabolic-syndrome-components-in-prepubertal-obese-children-tanner-stage-i-from-nuevo-le%C3%A3-n-mexico-a-preliminary-study
#12
Elizabeth Solis Perez, Mario Alberto González Medina, Manuel Lopez-Cabanillas Lomeli, Verónica Tijerina González, Jesús Zacarías Villarreal Pérez, Fernando J Lavalle González, Victorine Imrhan, Shanil Juma, Parakat Vijayagopal, Kittipong Boonme, Chandan Prasad
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Previous studies in obese children demonstrating a positive association between serum uric acid (sUA) and components of MetS are confounded by lack of uniformity in age and pubertal status of children. Therefore, we have examined the role of sUA in MetS and its components in pre-pubertal children (Tanner Stage I, age ≤ 9 years). METHODS: Pre-pubertal obese children (32 boys, 27 girls, age 6-9 years) were recruited from Nuevo Leon, Mexico...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687937/short-term-effects-of-a-combined-nutraceutical-on-lipid-level-fatty-liver-biomarkers-hemodynamic-parameters-and-estimated-cardiovascular-disease-risk-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
Arrigo F G Cicero, Federica Fogacci, Marilisa Bove, Maddalena Veronesi, Manfredi Rizzo, Marina Giovannini, Claudio Borghi
INTRODUCTION: There is a growing interest in nutraceuticals improving cardiovascular risk factor levels and related organ damage. METHODS: This double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial aims to compare the effect of a combined nutraceutical containing red yeast rice (10 mg), phytosterols (800 mg), and L-tyrosol (5 mg) on lipid profile, blood pressure, endothelial function, and arterial stiffness in a group of 60 patients with polygenic hypercholesterolemia resistant to Mediterranean diet...
July 7, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686726/examining-the-gender-difference-in-the-association-between-metabolic-syndrome-and-the-mean-leukocyte-telomere-length
#14
Yuan-Yuei Cheng, Tung-Wei Kao, Yaw-Wen Chang, Chen-Jung Wu, Tao-Chun Peng, Li-Wei Wu, Hui-Fang Yang, Fang-Yih Liaw, Wei-Liang Chen
The mechanism of cellular aging likely involves decreased telomere length and is associated with age-related diseases such as cardiovascular disease. Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is an important risk factor for CVD. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between LTL and MetS. We evaluated 7370 participants in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1999-2002). The association between LTL and individual MetS components and the number of MetS components was analyzed by multivariable regression models, adjusting for gender, race/ethnicity, albumin, C-reactive protein, alanine transaminase, uric acid and medical condition...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682028/-the-uric-acid-cardio-nephropathy
#15
Francesca Viazzi, Barbara Bonino, Francesca Cappadona, Roberto Pontremoli
Uric acid is a product of purine catabolism formed by the activity of xanthine-oxidase and prevalently excreted by the kidney. In vivo, urate is known to have both an anti- or pro-oxidant role depending on several biological conditions. New evidence suggests that chronic hyperuricemia can contribute to hypertension development, kidney disease and cardiovascular risk. The pathophysiologic mechanisms are various, such as endothelial dysfunction and oxidative stress, vasoconstriction and stimulation of renin angiotensin system...
March 2017: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677361/change-gout-the-need-for-a-new-approach
#16
REVIEW
Leonardo Punzi
Gout is the most common form of inflammatory arthropathy and is caused by an excess of uric acid in the blood (hyperuricemia). It is a chronic, debilitating condition that gradually increases in severity and affects an increasing number of people. It has a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations and is related to serious kidney and cardiovascular conditions and to an increased risk of mortality. The negative perception of the disease, historically seen as related to a life of dissipation, has led to underestimating its impact and focusing the attention on the short-term treatment of acute attacks rather than on the long-term management of the condition without, consequently, preventing the most serious complications...
August 2017: Minerva Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676023/vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-inhibitor-therapy-and-cardiovascular-and-renal-damage-in-renal-cell-carcinoma
#17
Silvia Lai, Alessio Molfino, Patrizia Seminara, Flavia Longo, Georgie Innico, Bettina Coppola, Daniela Mastroluca, Alessandro Galani, Mira Dimko, Paola Aceto, Carlo Lai
BACKGROUND: Sunitinib, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), is approved for first and second line treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Knowledge on the effects of sunitinib on cardiovascular (CV) risk and renal damage is limited. AIM: To evaluate possible renal and CV damage in patients with RCC treated with sunitinib. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with metastatic RCC treated with sunitinib were enrolled...
June 20, 2017: Current Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666027/hyperuricemia-and-risk-of-increased-arterial-stiffness-in-healthy-women-based-on-health-screening-in-korean-population
#18
Hoon Young Choi, Seok-Hyung Kim, Ah Ran Choi, Seung Gyu Kim, Hyunwook Kim, Jung Eun Lee, Hyung Jong Kim, Hyeong Cheon Park
Hyperuricemia is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and is associated with increased arterial stiffness in high-risk populations. However, given the possible sex-related differences in the prevalence of hyperuricemia, the association between elevated serum uric acid (SUA) level and increased arterial stiffness has yielded conflicting results. We investigated the relationship between SUA and arterial stiffness in asymptomatic healthy subjects who underwent a health examination. Subjects who underwent a comprehensive health examination were enrolled...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664292/uric-acid-is-independent-cardiovascular-risk-factor-as-manifested-by-increased-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients
#19
Suad Hannawi, Issa AlSalmi, Ingrid Moller, Esperanza Naredo
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is associated with increased cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality and morbidity, due to the combined effects of traditional and non-traditional cardiovascular risk factors (CV). A serum uric acid (SUA) level has been suggested as one of the non-traditional cardiovascular risk factors. Cardiovascular risk can be assessed by looking at the subclinical atherosclerosis such as ultrasound (US)-measured carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT). This paper aimed to determine the role of SUA as a cardiovascular risk factor, along with the traditional cardiovascular risk factors and inflammation, among RA population...
August 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634174/prognostic-value-of-uric-acid-for-pulmonary-thromboembolism
#20
Savas Ozsu, Arif M Çoşar, Hayriye Bektas Aksoy, Yilmaz Bülbül, Funda Oztuna, S Caner Karahan, Tevfik Ozlu
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary thromboembolism is a serious cardiovascular condition with considerable morbidity and mortality. Clinical studies have indicated that hyperuricemia is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular events. The aim of this study was to investigate possible value of the serum levels of uric acid (UA) in predicting 30-d pulmonary thromboembolism-related mortality. METHODS: Pulmonary thromboembolism was confirmed by computed tomography pulmonary angiography, demographic data, troponin, systolic pressure and pulse on admission, and simplified pulmonary embolism severity index assessment...
August 2017: Respiratory Care
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