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Habit cough

Jobran M Alqahtani, Ahmed M Asaad, Nabil J Awadalla, Ahmed A Mahfouz
The aim here was to study the possible environmental and dietary determinants of asthma among school-aged children in Southwestern Saudi Arabia. In a cross-sectional study on a representative sample in Najran in Southwestern Saudi Arabia using an Arabic version of the modified ISAAC Phase III, parent-administered questionnaire data were collected. Skin prick tests (SPTs) were performed. The study included 1700 school children, out of them 468 (27.5%) were diagnosed with, cases of bronchial asthma and 20.8% (353) reported a 12-month nocturnal cough (as a proxy of severe asthma)...
December 28, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Ting-Yuan Hsu, Chun-Chen Lin, Ming-Dar Lee, Brian Pin-Hsuan Chang, Jeng-Daw Tsai
Yellow nail syndrome (YNS) is an uncommon disorder, the classic triad of which consists of yellow nails, lymphedema, and respiratory symptoms. Few pediatric cases have been reported. We report a 9-year-old girl with yellowish nail discoloration for 1 year accompanied by respiratory symptoms, including chronic cough, recurrent pneumonia, bronchiectasis, and chronic sinusitis. The patient was diagnosed with YNS. Knowing that a relationship between YNS and titanium has been reported, we collected her nail clippings and detected titanium in them by energy dispersive radiograph fluorescence...
January 2017: Pediatrics
George Mitonas, Alexia Juvana, Zoe Daniil, Chryssa Hatzoglou, Konstantinos Gourgoulianis
BACKGROUND: The need to follow a multidisciplinary strategy in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) management and rehabilitation in community settings in Greece raises significant questions, given the severe austerity measures being imposed at present. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical profile of patients with COPD along with the care provided in rural community settings in Greece. METHODS: Two primary health care centers and 200 newly diagnosed patients over a 12-month period were involved in the study...
2016: International Journal of General Medicine
G Jeanne, D Purper-Ouakil, H Rigole, N Franc
AIM: There have been significant changes in adolescent consumption habits over the past fifteen years. New molecules have been synthesized, new devices created and a number of products have increased in popularity; and as a result clinicians sometimes lack information. We chose to focus on this population because of its vulnerability, as adolescents show low sensitivity to long-term outcomes of their actions and may be easily influenced by peers as regards experimentation of new drugs...
October 6, 2016: L'Encéphale
Kevin Gipson, Ryan Avery, Heena Shah, Derek Pepiak, Rodolfo E Bégué, John Malone, Luke A Wall
Löffler syndrome, a fulminant eosinophilic pneumonitis associated with the larval migratory phase of human parasites, is rarely reported in the United States. A previously healthy 8-year-old male was hospitalized with tachypnea, cough, hypoxemia, and fever of one week's duration. History revealed exposure to pigs on his family's farm in southernmost Louisiana, where the patient was responsible for cleaning the farm's pigpens. His fingernails were soiled and extremely short, with the edge of the nail bed exposed secondary to onychophagia...
2016: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
Roberto W Dal Negro, Massimiliano Mazzolini, Paola Turco, Alessandro Zanasi
BACKGROUND: Cough is one of the most common discomforts affecting general population, which can disrupt subjects' quality of life due to its physical, social, and psychological effects. Aim of the study was to investigate the impact of cough and related beliefs of general population. METHODS: A cross-sectional telephone survey was carried out by means of a specific, validated questionnaire on a representative sample of Italian general population. All the interviews were carried out according to the Computer Assisted Telephone Interview (CATI) methodology by expert, professional interviewers...
2016: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
Bobette Matulonga, Marta Rava, Valérie Siroux, Alfred Bernard, Orianne Dumas, Isabelle Pin, Jan-Paul Zock, Rachel Nadif, Bénédicte Leynaert, Nicole Le Moual
BACKGROUND: Bleach is widely used for household cleaning. Although it is recognized that occupational use of bleach may have adverse respiratory health effects, it is unknown whether common domestic use of bleach may be a risk factor for asthma. AIM: To assess whether the domestic use of bleach for home cleaning is associated with asthma and other respiratory outcomes. METHODS: Questionnaire-based information on respiratory symptoms and cleaning habits and data from skin prick-tests, bronchial responsiveness challenge and white blood cells were analyzed in 607 women participating in the follow-up of the Epidemiological Study on the Genetics and Environment of Asthma (EGEA)...
August 2016: Respiratory Medicine
Kevin Kuriakose, Jagpal Singh Klair, Andrew Johnsrud, Nikhil K Meena
We report a case of Acute Eosinophilic Pneumonia (AEP) in a 29-year-old white woman with recent use of a'flea bomb' (containing pyrethroids) at home while remaining indoors, about 48 hours prior to presentation, and recent change in smoking habit (restarted 2 weeks prior after quitting for 10 years). She presented with two days of worsening fever, shortness of breath, productive cough, developed hypoxemic respiratory failure and ARDS. She required a PEEP of 20 and 100% FiO2 to maintain oxygenation. Bronchoalveolar lavage showed 36% Eosinophils...
June 2016: Journal of the Arkansas Medical Society
Peter Wallner, Michael Kundi, Philipp Hohenblum, Sigrid Scharf, Hans-Peter Hutter
Phthalates are multifunctional chemicals used in a wide variety of consumer products. The aim of this study was to investigate whether levels of urinary phthalate metabolites in urine samples of Austrian mothers and their children were associated with consumer habits and health indicators. Within an Austrian biomonitoring survey, urine samples from 50 mother-child pairs of five communities (two-stage random stratified sampling) were analysed. The concentrations of 14 phthalate metabolites were determined, and a questionnaire was administered...
July 15, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Cheng-Wei Li, Man-Hui Li, Jiang-Xiong Li, Ru-Jia Tao, Jin-Fu Xu, Wei-Jun Cao
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis (PLCH) is an orphan disease in respiratory medicine, which most affects adult smokers. The purpose of this article was to discuss the clinical features, especially the radiologic features of PLCH patients during their hospitalization through a retrospective analysis on clinical data. Furthermore, the current literature was also reviewed. METHODS: Between December 2008 and June 2012, 14 patients with PLCH were assessed at Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China...
June 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Sabita Rezwana Rahman, Md Firoz Ahmed, Mohammad Ariful Islam, Md Majibur Rahman
BACKGROUND: Influenza viruses may cause severe acute respiratory illness among human population. People of densely populated areas, e.g., slum, are mostly affected by influenza viruses. Although potential vaccines to influenza viruses have been developed, infection rate is still high, therefore, increase the morbidity and mortality rate in slum areas. To treat these infections, slum dwellers including children and mothers do not get proper medication as well as vaccination. Hence, prevention remains to be the only mean to tackle such infections...
2016: SpringerPlus
Chang-gyo Yoon, Se Jin Kim, Kang Kim, Ji Eun Lee, Byung Woo Jhun
Acute eosinophilic pneumonia (AEP) is an uncommon inflammatory lung disease, and limited data exist concerning the clinical characteristics and factors that influence its occurrence. We retrospectively reviewed the records of AEP patients treated at Korean military hospitals between January 2007 and December 2013. In total, 333 patients were identified; their median age was 22 years, and all were men. All patients presented with acute respiratory symptoms (cough, sputum, dyspnea, or fever) and had elevated levels of inflammatory markers including median values of 13,185/µL for white blood cell count and 9...
February 2016: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Chin Kook Rhee, Ji Ye Jung, Sei Won Lee, Joo-Hee Kim, So Young Park, Kwang Ha Yoo, Dong Ah Park, Hyeon-Kyoung Koo, Yee Hyung Kim, Ina Jeong, Je Hyeong Kim, Deog Kyeom Kim, Sung-Kyoung Kim, Yong Hyun Kim, Jinkyeong Park, Eun Young Choi, Ki-Suck Jung, Hui Jung Kim
Cough is one of the most common symptom of many respiratory diseases. The Korean Academy of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases organized cough guideline committee and cough guideline was developed by this committee. The purpose of this guideline is to help clinicians to diagnose correctly and treat efficiently patients with cough. In this article, we have stated recommendation and summary of Korean cough guideline. We also provided algorithm for acute, subacute, and chronic cough. For chronic cough, upper airway cough syndrome (UACS), cough variant asthma (CVA), and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) should be considered...
January 2016: Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
Ana Mendes, Ana Luísa Papoila, Pedro Carreiro-Martins, Stefano Bonassi, Iolanda Caires, Teresa Palmeiro, Lívia Aguiar, Cristiana Pereira, Paula Neves, Diana Mendes, Maria Amália Silveira Botelho, Nuno Neuparth, João Paulo Teixeira
BACKGROUND: persons who are 65 years or older often spend an important part of their lives indoors thus adverse indoor climate might influence their health status. OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the influence of indoor air quality and contaminants on older people's respiratory health. DESIGN: cross-sectional study. SETTING: 21 long-term care residences (LTC) in the city of Porto, Portugal. SUBJECTS: older people living in LTC with ≥65 years old...
January 2016: Age and Ageing
Linnea Qvist, Ulf Nilsson, Viktor Johansson, Kjell Larsson, Eva Rönmark, Jeremy Langrish, Anders Blomberg, Anne Lindberg
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is common in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and is, as productive cough, related to poorer prognosis in COPD. Central arterial stiffness is a marker of early atherosclerosis, but the association between COPD, productive cough, and arterial stiffness as a possible indicator of CVD is unclear. OBJECTIVES: To compare both arterial stiffness among subjects with and without COPD and the impact of productive cough in a population-based cohort...
2015: European Clinical Respiratory Journal
Ivan Krasnik Huggenberger, John Sahl Andersen
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to investigate the evidence for positive predictive value (PPV) of alarm symptoms and combinations of symptoms for colorectal cancer, breast cancer, prostate cancer and lung cancer in general practice. METHODS: This study is based on a literature search performed in PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane database and at in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines. The main outcome measure used was PPV. RESULTS: A total of 16 eligible studies were identified...
May 2015: Danish Medical Journal
Merima Ibisevic, Azra Avdic, Enes Osmanovic, Nedzad Kadric, Sevleta Avdic
INTRODUCTION: Cigarette smoking among students is greatly widespread. Smoking prevalence ranges from 28% to 67% for students, respectively, from 19% to 34% for female students. AIM: The aim of this survey was to investigate the smoking habits of students, who are studying at three faculties at the University of Tuzla in academic Year 2012/2013 and to investigate whether there is a difference in smoking habits of students from different faculties and observed by gender...
April 2015: Medical Archives
Anne E Vertigan, Mohammad H Murad, Tamara Pringsheim, Anthony Feinstein, Anne B Chang, Peter A Newcombe, Bruce K Rubin, Lorcan P McGarvey, Kelly Weir, Kenneth W Altman, Miles Weinberger, Richard S Irwin
BACKGROUND: We conducted a systematic review on the management of psychogenic cough, habit cough, and tic cough to update the recommendations and suggestions of the 2006 guideline on this topic. METHODS: We followed the American College of Chest Physicians (CHEST) methodologic guidelines and the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation framework. The Expert Cough Panel based their recommendations on data from the systematic review, patients' values and preferences, and the clinical context...
July 2015: Chest
Virendra Singh, Hardayal Meena, Ramavatar Bairwa, Sheetu Singh, Bharat Bhushan Sharma, Ajeet Singh
BACKGROUND: Anthracosis is the black pigmentation of the mucosal lining of the tracheo-bronchial tree. The significance of this finding is not known and often ignored. The aim of the present study is to find the association of anthracosis with demographic variables, biomass fuel and occupational exposure, respiratory diseases, radiological pattern and functional morbidity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Enrolment of the subjects for the study was done at SMS hospital, Jaipur...
March 2015: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
E Power, J Wardle
BACKGROUND: English Be Clear on Cancer (BCOC) campaigns aim to promote early presentation of potential cancer symptoms by (i) giving information on symptoms to look out for, and (ii) emphasising the approachability of the general practitioner (GP). This study examined public awareness of the targeted symptoms and perceived approachability of the GP before and after the national bowel and lung campaigns. METHODS: The Cancer Research UK Cancer Awareness Measure (CAM) was included in the Opinions and Lifestyle survey (known then as the 'Opinions Survey') run by the Office for National Statistics in October and November 2010 and 2012...
March 31, 2015: British Journal of Cancer
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