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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716044/type-2-diabetes-is-associated-with-an-increased-prevalence-of-respiratory-symptoms-as-compared-to-the-general-population
#1
F De Santi, G Zoppini, F Locatelli, E Finocchio, V Cappa, M Dauriz, G Verlato
BACKGROUND: To estimate the prevalence of respiratory symptoms in individuals with type 2 diabetes, as compared to the general population. METHODS: Between 2007 and 2010 the screening questionnaire of GEIRD (Gene Environment Interactions in Respiratory Diseases) study was administered to two samples of Verona general population, aged respectively 45-64 years and 65-84 years, and to a convenience sample of individuals with type 2 diabetes, consequently recruited at the local Diabetes Centre...
July 17, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655212/do-comorbidities-influence-help-seeking-for-cancer-alarm-symptoms-a-population-based-survey-in-england
#2
Theodosia Salika, Georgios Lyratzopoulos, Katriina L Whitaker, Jo Waller, Cristina Renzi
Background: We examined associations between different chronic morbidities and help-seeking for possible cancer symptoms. Methods: Postal survey of individuals aged >50 years in England. Participants could report prior morbidities in respect of 12 pre-defined conditions. Among patients experiencing possible cancer symptoms we examined associations between specific morbidities and self-reported help-seeking (i.e. contacted versus not contacted a GP) for each alarm symptom using regression analyses...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626103/-study-on-lifestyle-in-patients-with-gastroesophageal-%C3%A2-reflux-disease
#3
Lingzhi Yuan, Dan Tang, Jin Peng, Nanfang Qu, Chun Yue, Fen Wang
To investigate the correlation between certain unhealthy lifestyles and the incidence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), thus to provide the lifestyle guidelines for GERD patients.
 Methods: Retrospective study were conducted for 402 GERD and 276 non-GERD out-patients in Department of Gastroenterology, Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University from August, 2014 to August, 2015 based on questionnaire survey, then the correlation of unhealthy lifestyles with GERD were analyzed.
 Results: The top 10 common symptoms for GERD were as follows: reflux, acid regurgitation, postprandial fullness, heartburn, swallow obstruction or pain, epigastric burning sensation, paraesthesia pharynges, poststernal pain, chronic laryngopharyngitis, and chronic cough...
May 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449499/regional-dietary-characteristics-and-bronchial-foreign-body-a-repeated-misdiagnosis-caused-by-a-red-pepper
#4
Yutian Lai, Jian Huang, Xudong Zhou, Heng Du, Guowei Che
Bronchial foreign body is a common health problem worldwide, types of bronchial foreign bodies are variegated, depending on patient age and cultural background including religious beliefs as well as alimentary habits. However, misdiagnoses caused by regional dietary correlation factors were rarely concerned. In this case, a 52-year-old woman with aggravated cough and hemosputum took thoracic CT scan twice and flexible fiberoptic bronchoscopy 5 times, which all revealed the chronic pulmonary inflammation. Furthermore, the biopsies showed bronchial granulation nodule formation...
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316098/therapeutic-options-for-dysfunctional-breathing-in-children-and-adolescents
#5
Bodo Niggemann, Christine Lehmann, Dorothea Pfeiffer-Kascha, Christa Weiss
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 17, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289448/when-is-cough-functional-and-how-should-it-be-treated
#6
REVIEW
Miles Weinberger, Boris Lockshin
KEY POINTS: Habit cough is most commonly characterised by a repetitive loud barking cough that persists for prolonged periods.The cough interferes with normal activity and substantially decreases the quality of life.The sine qua non is the total absence of this troublesome cough once asleep.The age distribution ranges from 4 years to late adolescence, with 85% of cases occurring from 8 to 14 years of age; similar cough in adults is much less common and poorly characterised.Pharmacological treatment is ineffective...
March 2017: Breathe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036050/environmental-determinants-of-bronchial-asthma-among-saudi-school-children-in-southwestern-saudi-arabia
#7
Jobran M Alqahtani, Ahmed M Asaad, Nabil J Awadalla, Ahmed A Mahfouz
The aim here was to study the possible environmental and dietary determinants of asthma among school-aged children in Southwestern Saudi Arabia. In a cross-sectional study on a representative sample in Najran in Southwestern Saudi Arabia using an Arabic version of the modified ISAAC Phase III, parent-administered questionnaire data were collected. Skin prick tests (SPTs) were performed. The study included 1700 school children, out of them 468 (27.5%) were diagnosed with, cases of bronchial asthma and 20.8% (353) reported a 12-month nocturnal cough (as a proxy of severe asthma)...
December 28, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940507/titanium-dioxide-in-toothpaste-causing-yellow-nail-syndrome
#8
Ting-Yuan Hsu, Chun-Chen Lin, Ming-Dar Lee, Brian Pin-Hsuan Chang, Jeng-Daw Tsai
Yellow nail syndrome (YNS) is an uncommon disorder, the classic triad of which consists of yellow nails, lymphedema, and respiratory symptoms. Few pediatric cases have been reported. We report a 9-year-old girl with yellowish nail discoloration for 1 year accompanied by respiratory symptoms, including chronic cough, recurrent pneumonia, bronchiectasis, and chronic sinusitis. The patient was diagnosed with YNS. Knowing that a relationship between YNS and titanium has been reported, we collected her nail clippings and detected titanium in them by energy dispersive radiograph fluorescence...
January 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877063/copd-patients-medical-care-and-support-in-greece-during-financial-crisis
#9
George Mitonas, Alexia Juvana, Zoe Daniil, Chryssa Hatzoglou, Konstantinos Gourgoulianis
BACKGROUND: The need to follow a multidisciplinary strategy in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) management and rehabilitation in community settings in Greece raises significant questions, given the severe austerity measures being imposed at present. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical profile of patients with COPD along with the care provided in rural community settings in Greece. METHODS: Two primary health care centers and 200 newly diagnosed patients over a 12-month period were involved in the study...
2016: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720453/-new-patterns-of-substance-use-and-abuse-among-french-adolescents-a-knowledge-synthesis
#10
G Jeanne, D Purper-Ouakil, H Rigole, N Franc
AIM: There have been significant changes in adolescent consumption habits over the past fifteen years. New molecules have been synthesized, new devices created and a number of products have increased in popularity; and as a result clinicians sometimes lack information. We chose to focus on this population because of its vulnerability, as adolescents show low sensitivity to long-term outcomes of their actions and may be easily influenced by peers as regards experimentation of new drugs...
October 6, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709064/l%C3%A3-ffler-syndrome-on-a-louisiana-pig-farm
#11
Kevin Gipson, Ryan Avery, Heena Shah, Derek Pepiak, Rodolfo E Bégué, John Malone, Luke A Wall
Löffler syndrome, a fulminant eosinophilic pneumonitis associated with the larval migratory phase of human parasites, is rarely reported in the United States. A previously healthy 8-year-old male was hospitalized with tachypnea, cough, hypoxemia, and fever of one week's duration. History revealed exposure to pigs on his family's farm in southernmost Louisiana, where the patient was responsible for cleaning the farm's pigpens. His fingernails were soiled and extremely short, with the edge of the nail bed exposed secondary to onychophagia...
2016: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708777/cough-impact-beliefs-and-expectations-from-a-national-survey
#12
Roberto W Dal Negro, Massimiliano Mazzolini, Paola Turco, Alessandro Zanasi
BACKGROUND: Cough is one of the most common discomforts affecting general population, which can disrupt subjects' quality of life due to its physical, social, and psychological effects. Aim of the study was to investigate the impact of cough and related beliefs of general population. METHODS: A cross-sectional telephone survey was carried out by means of a specific, validated questionnaire on a representative sample of Italian general population. All the interviews were carried out according to the Computer Assisted Telephone Interview (CATI) methodology by expert, professional interviewers...
2016: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27492540/women-using-bleach-for-home-cleaning-are-at-increased-risk-of-non-allergic-asthma
#13
Bobette Matulonga, Marta Rava, Valérie Siroux, Alfred Bernard, Orianne Dumas, Isabelle Pin, Jan-Paul Zock, Rachel Nadif, Bénédicte Leynaert, Nicole Le Moual
BACKGROUND: Bleach is widely used for household cleaning. Although it is recognized that occupational use of bleach may have adverse respiratory health effects, it is unknown whether common domestic use of bleach may be a risk factor for asthma. AIM: To assess whether the domestic use of bleach for home cleaning is associated with asthma and other respiratory outcomes. METHODS: Questionnaire-based information on respiratory symptoms and cleaning habits and data from skin prick-tests, bronchial responsiveness challenge and white blood cells were analyzed in 607 women participating in the follow-up of the Epidemiological Study on the Genetics and Environment of Asthma (EGEA)...
August 2016: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27434983/acute-eosinophilic-pneumonia-pyrethroid-exposure-change-in-smoking-habit
#14
Kevin Kuriakose, Jagpal Singh Klair, Andrew Johnsrud, Nikhil K Meena
We report a case of Acute Eosinophilic Pneumonia (AEP) in a 29-year-old white woman with recent use of a'flea bomb' (containing pyrethroids) at home while remaining indoors, about 48 hours prior to presentation, and recent change in smoking habit (restarted 2 weeks prior after quitting for 10 years). She presented with two days of worsening fever, shortness of breath, productive cough, developed hypoxemic respiratory failure and ARDS. She required a PEEP of 20 and 100% FiO2 to maintain oxygenation. Bronchoalveolar lavage showed 36% Eosinophils...
June 2016: Journal of the Arkansas Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27428989/phthalate-metabolites-consumer-habits-and-health-effects
#15
Peter Wallner, Michael Kundi, Philipp Hohenblum, Sigrid Scharf, Hans-Peter Hutter
Phthalates are multifunctional chemicals used in a wide variety of consumer products. The aim of this study was to investigate whether levels of urinary phthalate metabolites in urine samples of Austrian mothers and their children were associated with consumer habits and health indicators. Within an Austrian biomonitoring survey, urine samples from 50 mother-child pairs of five communities (two-stage random stratified sampling) were analysed. The concentrations of 14 phthalate metabolites were determined, and a questionnaire was administered...
July 15, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27293848/pulmonary-langerhans-cell-histiocytosis-analysis-of-14-patients-and-literature-review
#16
Cheng-Wei Li, Man-Hui Li, Jiang-Xiong Li, Ru-Jia Tao, Jin-Fu Xu, Wei-Jun Cao
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis (PLCH) is an orphan disease in respiratory medicine, which most affects adult smokers. The purpose of this article was to discuss the clinical features, especially the radiologic features of PLCH patients during their hospitalization through a retrospective analysis on clinical data. Furthermore, the current literature was also reviewed. METHODS: Between December 2008 and June 2012, 14 patients with PLCH were assessed at Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China...
June 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27247898/effect-of-risk-factors-on-the-prevalence-of-influenza-infections-among-children-of-slums-of-dhaka-city
#17
Sabita Rezwana Rahman, Md Firoz Ahmed, Mohammad Ariful Islam, Md Majibur Rahman
BACKGROUND: Influenza viruses may cause severe acute respiratory illness among human population. People of densely populated areas, e.g., slum, are mostly affected by influenza viruses. Although potential vaccines to influenza viruses have been developed, infection rate is still high, therefore, increase the morbidity and mortality rate in slum areas. To treat these infections, slum dwellers including children and mothers do not get proper medication as well as vaccination. Hence, prevention remains to be the only mean to tackle such infections...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26839479/clinical-characteristics-and-factors-influencing-the-occurrence-of-acute-eosinophilic-pneumonia-in-korean-military-personnel
#18
Chang-gyo Yoon, Se Jin Kim, Kang Kim, Ji Eun Lee, Byung Woo Jhun
Acute eosinophilic pneumonia (AEP) is an uncommon inflammatory lung disease, and limited data exist concerning the clinical characteristics and factors that influence its occurrence. We retrospectively reviewed the records of AEP patients treated at Korean military hospitals between January 2007 and December 2013. In total, 333 patients were identified; their median age was 22 years, and all were men. All patients presented with acute respiratory symptoms (cough, sputum, dyspnea, or fever) and had elevated levels of inflammatory markers including median values of 13,185/µL for white blood cell count and 9...
February 2016: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26770230/the-korean-cough-guideline-recommendation-and-summary-statement
#19
REVIEW
Chin Kook Rhee, Ji Ye Jung, Sei Won Lee, Joo-Hee Kim, So Young Park, Kwang Ha Yoo, Dong Ah Park, Hyeon-Kyoung Koo, Yee Hyung Kim, Ina Jeong, Je Hyeong Kim, Deog Kyeom Kim, Sung-Kyoung Kim, Yong Hyun Kim, Jinkyeong Park, Eun Young Choi, Ki-Suck Jung, Hui Jung Kim
Cough is one of the most common symptom of many respiratory diseases. The Korean Academy of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases organized cough guideline committee and cough guideline was developed by this committee. The purpose of this guideline is to help clinicians to diagnose correctly and treat efficiently patients with cough. In this article, we have stated recommendation and summary of Korean cough guideline. We also provided algorithm for acute, subacute, and chronic cough. For chronic cough, upper airway cough syndrome (UACS), cough variant asthma (CVA), and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) should be considered...
January 2016: Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26563886/the-impact-of-indoor-air-quality-and-contaminants-on-respiratory-health-of-older-people-living-in-long-term-care-residences-in-porto
#20
Ana Mendes, Ana Luísa Papoila, Pedro Carreiro-Martins, Stefano Bonassi, Iolanda Caires, Teresa Palmeiro, Lívia Aguiar, Cristiana Pereira, Paula Neves, Diana Mendes, Maria Amália Silveira Botelho, Nuno Neuparth, João Paulo Teixeira
BACKGROUND: persons who are 65 years or older often spend an important part of their lives indoors thus adverse indoor climate might influence their health status. OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the influence of indoor air quality and contaminants on older people's respiratory health. DESIGN: cross-sectional study. SETTING: 21 long-term care residences (LTC) in the city of Porto, Portugal. SUBJECTS: older people living in LTC with ≥65 years old...
January 2016: Age and Ageing
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