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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992273/neural-correlates-of-moral-judgment-in-pedophilia
#1
Claudia Massau, Christian Kärgel, Simone Weiß, Martin Walter, Jorge Ponseti, Tillmann Hc Krueger, Henrik Walter, Boris Schiffer
Pedophilia is a sexual preference that is often associated with child sex offending (CSO). Sexual urges towards prepubescent children and specifically acting upon those urges are universally regarded as immoral. However, up until now, it is completely unknown whether moral processing of sexual offenses is altered in pedophiles. A total of 31 pedophilic men and 19 healthy controls were assessed by using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in combination with a moral judgment paradigm consisting of 36 scenarios describing different types of offenses...
September 1, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945687/can-repeated-ponseti-management-for-relapsed-clubfeet-produce-the-outcome-comparable-with-the-case-without-relapse-a-clinical-study-in-term-of-gait-analysis
#2
Yu-Bin Liu, Shu-Yun Jiang, Li Zhao, Yan Yu, Da-Hang Zhao
BACKGROUND: The prevention and treatment of relapsed clubfoot remained challenging tasks. There were controversies as to treatment options and management, such as complete subtalar release, application of an Ilizarov external frame, or repeated Ponseti method; and different options were available in different treatment centers. This study was designed to evaluate the clinical outcome of relapsed clubfeet treated by repeated Ponseti method in comparison with the cases without relapse in term of gait analysis and to clarify the clinical efficacy of repeated Ponseti method in treating the relapsed clubfeet...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902604/age-of-recurrence-in-idiopathic-clubfoot-treated-with-the-ponseti-method
#3
Rachel Goldstein, Alice Chu, Debra Sala, Wallace Lehman
OBJECTIVES: While studies of patients undergoing the Ponseti method for idiopathic clubfoot demonstrate excellent correction after initial treatment, recurrence can occur in more than half of the cases. Few studies have demonstrated the age at which recurrence typically occurs or if age at discontinuation of the foot ankle orthosis (FAO) is associated with risk for surgical intervention. METHODS: Patients with idiopathic clubfoot treated with the Ponseti method with greater than 3 years of follow-up were evaluated...
May 2017: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879606/history-of-clubfoot-treatment-part-iii-twentieth-century-back-to-the-future
#4
REVIEW
Philippe Hernigou
Clubfoot is one of the most common congenital orthopaedic anomalies and was described by Hippocrates in the year 400 BC. From manipulation in antiquity to splint and plaster in the Renaissance the treatment had improved before tenotomy. Many surgical treatments were tested during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries and will be explained in this manuscript; however, the pathology still continues to challenge the paediatric orthopedic surgeon as it has a notorious tendency to relapse, irrespective of whether the foot is treated with conservative or operative means...
September 6, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875128/ponseti-method-treatment-of-neglected-idiopathic-clubfoot-preliminary-results-of-a-multi-center-study-in-nigeria
#5
Olayinka O Adegbehingbe, Adeoye J Adetiloye, Ladipo Adewole, Dennis U Ajodo, Nosirudeen Bello, Oluwadare Esan, Alex C Hoover, James Ior, Omolade Lasebikan, Owolabi Ojo, Anthony Olasinde, David Songden, Jose A Morcuende
AIM: To evaluate the effectiveness of the Ponseti method for initial correction of neglected clubfoot cases in multiple centers throughout Nigeria. METHODS: Patient charts were reviewed through the International Clubfoot Registry for 12 different Ponseti clubfoot treatment centers and 328 clubfeet (225 patients) met inclusion criteria. All patients were treated by the method described by Ponseti including manipulation and casting with percutaneous Achilles tenotomy as needed...
August 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866453/ponseti-method-is-superior-to-surgical-treatment-in-clubfoot-long-term-randomized-prospective-trial
#6
Martin Švehlík, Ulrike Floh, Gerhardt Steinwender, Matthias Sperl, Michael Novak, Tanja Kraus
Treatment of idiopathic clubfoot has shifted from extensive surgical release to conservative Ponseti method; however, randomized prospective trials to compare both methods are lacking. The goal of this study was to compare the long-term results of Ponseti method with those of surgery in terms of morphology, function, X-rays, overall health and gait. In 2001, a single center, prospective, randomized, and controlled trial with a parallel design was started. Twenty-four feet of 15 patients were randomly assigned to two groups: 12 feet each to a Ponseti and surgical group...
October 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858119/flatfoot-in-the-contralateral-foot-in-patients-with-unilateral-idiopathic-clubfoot-treated-using-the-foot-abduction-brace
#7
Yasuhiro Shirai, Kenjiro Wakabayashi, Ikuo Wada, Yoshiaki Tsuboi, Myongsu Ha, Takanobu Otsuka
While the foot abduction brace (FAB) plays an important role in the Ponseti method, the true function of the FAB in the treatment of idiopathic clubfoot remains unknown. In our clinical experience, we have noted that many patients with unilateral idiopathic clubfoot developed significant flatfoot in the contralateral foot during brace treatment. The purpose of this study was to investigate the natural history of the contralateral foot development during and after brace wear. We also discuss the effect of the FAB on the contralateral foot...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852350/significance-of-pirani-score-at-bracing-implications-for-recognizing-a-corrected-clubfoot
#8
Mansoor Ali Khan, Muhammad Amin Chinoy, Rida Moosa, Syed Kamran Ahmed
BACKGROUND: The aim of clubfoot treatment by Ponseti method is to achieve a corrected foot, with at least 15° dorsiflexion and 70° abduction, and fit comfortably into a brace at the recommended setting. This study aimed to acknowledge the validity and reliability of the Pirani scoring system, while investigating if a corrected clubfoot has a Pirani score of zero. The study hypothesized that a corrected clubfoot may or may not have a Pirani score of zero. METHODS: 706 patients with clubfoot were treated by Ponseti's method of weekly manipulations and casting, from November 2011 to May 2016, at a tertiary care hospital, making a total of 1055 feet...
2017: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828620/a-study-of-normal-foot-abduction-across-various-age-groups-in-children
#9
Parmanand Gupta, Naveen Mittal, Nipun Jindal, Preeti Verma, Mrinalini Sharma
INTRODUCTION: The relapse rate after Ponseti method of correction has reduced in recent years which is attributable to the better appreciation of the need to achieve the correct degree of abduction. Ponseti recommended clinical 'overcorrection' of the foot to 70(0) of abduction. However, no scientific basis for this figure was found in literature. As the indications of Ponseti method extend to older children, we conducted a study to find out the amount of foot abduction to be achieved before applying a foot abduction brace in various age groups...
August 21, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828066/inferior-results-with-unilateral-compared-with-bilateral-brace-in-ponseti-treated-clubfeet
#10
C Sætersdal, J M Fevang, L B Engesæter
PURPOSE: The Ponseti method for treating clubfoot was introduced in Norway in 2003, and a cohort of children has been followed for 8 to 11 years. In a previous study, we found good results after follow-up of two to five years, with 3% rate of extensive surgery (posterior release or posteromedial release). During 8 to 11 years of follow-up, the rate of extensive surgery increased to 11%. The children had been treated with a bilateral brace or a unilateral brace. In this multicentre study we aimed to compare these two post-corrective treatment methods...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777274/a-long-term-follow-up-of-young-adults-with-idiopathic-clubfoot-does-foot-morphology-relate-to-pain
#11
Adam N Graf, Ken N Kuo, Nikhil T Kurapati, Joseph J Krzak, Sahar Hassani, Angela K Caudill, Ann Flanagan, Gerald F Harris, Peter A Smith
BACKGROUND: Individuals with clubfoot, treated in infancy with either the Ponseti method or comprehensive clubfoot release, often encounter pain as adults. Multiple studies have characterized residual deformity after Ponseti or surgical correction using physical exam, radiographs and pedobarography; however, the relationship between residual foot deformity and pain is not well defined. The purpose of the current study was 2-fold: (1) to evaluate the relationship between foot morphology and pain for young adults treated as infants for idiopathic clubfoot and (2) to describe and compare pedobarographic measures and outcome measures of pain and morphology among surgically treated, Ponseti treated, and typically developing feet...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768790/quantification-of-the-ossification-of-the-lateral-cuneiform-in-the-feet-of-young-children-with-unilateral-congenital-talipes-equinovarus
#12
P J Lang, T Avoian, S N Sangiorgio, M A Nazif, E Ebramzadeh, L E Zionts
AIMS: After the initial correction of congenital talipes equinovarus (CTEV) using the Ponseti method, a subsequent dynamic deformity is often managed by transfer of the tendon of tibialis anterior (TATT) to the lateral cuneiform. Many surgeons believe the lateral cuneiform should be ossified before surgery is undertaken. This study quantifies the ossification process of the lateral cuneiform in children with CTEV between one and three years of age. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The length, width and height of the lateral cuneiform were measured in 43 consecutive patients with unilateral CTEV who had been treated using the Ponseti method...
August 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718240/ponseti-technique-for-management-of-congenital-idiopathic-club-foot
#13
Muhammad Qaisar Shah, Alamzeb Khan, Muhammad Shoaib Zardad, Rizwana Iqbal, Sajjad Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Clubfoot or congenital talipes equinovarus, is a congenital deformity of the foot. It consists of cavus, adduction, varus and equinus. This is due to medial displacement of navicular and calcaneus around the talus. Talus is in equinus. Medial deviation of the head and neck of talus is due to force of calcaneus on talus. METHODS: This descriptive case series study was conducted at Orthopaedic unit, Ayub Teaching Hospital, Abbottabad from 1st August 2015 to 31st January 2016 to determine the frequency of idiopathic clubfoot correction, by using the Ponseti method...
April 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672132/deficient-dorsalis-pedis-flow-in-severe-idiopathic-clubfeet-does-ponseti-casting-affect-the-outcome
#14
Ismail Munajat, Mehran Yoysefi, Nik Munirah Nik Mahdi
BACKGROUND: Arterial deficiency in congenital clubfoot or congenital talipes equinovarus (CTEV) was postulated as either the primary cause of deformity or secondary manifestation of other bony and soft tissue abnormalities. The objectives of the study were to find any association between arterial deficiency with severity of CTEV and its treatment. METHOD: This prospective study conducted on 24 feet with CTEV (18 babies) with Pirani score ranging between 2 to 6. Eighteen normal babies (36 feet) were selected as control...
June 8, 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656164/ponseti-casting-method-in-idiopathic-congenital-clubfoot-and-its-correlation-with-radiographic-features-abstract
#15
Taghi Baghdadi, Nima Bagheri, Arvin Najafi, Pejman Mansouri, Mahmoud Farzan
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the idiopathic congenital clubfoot deformity treated by Ponseti method to determine the different factors such as radiological investigations that may have relations with the risk of failure and recurrence in mid-term follow-up of the patients. METHODS: Since 2006 to 2011, 226 feet from 149 patients with idiopathic congenital clubfoot were treated with weekly castings by Ponseti method. Anteroposterior and lateral foot radiographies were performed at the final follow-up visit and the data from clinical and radiological outcomes were analysed...
May 2017: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632733/ponseti-method-in-the-management-of-clubfoot-under-2-years-of-age-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Balasankar Ganesan, Ameersing Luximon, Adel Al-Jumaily, Suchita Kothe Balasankar, Ganesh R Naik
BACKGROUND: Congenital talipes equinovarus (CTEV), also known as clubfoot, is common congenital orthopedic foot deformity in children characterized by four components of foot deformities: hindfoot equinus, hindfoot varus, midfoot cavus, and forefoot adduction. Although a number of conservative and surgical methods have been proposed to correct the clubfoot deformity, the relapses of the clubfoot are not uncommon. Several previous literatures discussed about the technical details of Ponseti method, adherence of Ponseti protocol among walking age or older children...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625097/use-of-the-pirani-score-in-monitoring-progression-of-correction-and-in-guiding-indications-for-tenotomy-in-the-ponseti-method-are-we-coming-to-the-same-decisions
#17
Manuele Lampasi, C N Abati, S Stilli, G Trisolino
PURPOSE: The Pirani score is widely used in the treatment of idiopathic clubfoot. Some authors recommended to base decision for Achilles tenotomy in Ponseti method on this score (hindfoot score [HFS] > 1, once reducibility of lateral head of talus (LHT) is zero) instead of originally described indications (dorsiflexion < -10-15° once complete abduction is achieved). Yet correspondence of these indications has not been evaluated. Aim of this study was to verify whether in a cohort, where decision is based on dorsiflexion, the Pirani score corresponds to the limits suggested...
May 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617179/predictive-value-of-pirani-scoring-system-for-tenotomy-in-the-management-of-idiopathic-clubfoot
#18
Badmus Hakeem David, Adegbehingbe Olayinka O, Esan Oluwadare, Orimolade E Ayodele, Mejabi Joseph O, Arije Olujide
PURPOSE: To determine the predictive value of the Pirani scoring system in the need for tenotomy using the Ponseti method for management of idiopathic clubfoot. METHOD: This is a prospective observational study involving patients less than 2 years of age with idiopathic clubfoot. The consenting parents and institution ethical board approved the study. The relationship between Pirani scores and the need for tenotomy was evaluated using the independent t-test and the binary logistic regression to predict the need for tenotomy...
May 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602752/analysis-of-complications-of-prone-position-in-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-quality-standard-incidence-and-related-factors
#19
E Jové Ponseti, A Villarrasa Millán, D Ortiz Chinchilla
INTRODUCTION: The monitoring system based on standards of quality allows clinicians to evaluate and improve the patient's care. According to the quality indicators recommended by Sociedad Española de Medicina Intensiva Crítica y Unidades Coronarias, and due to the importance of prone position (PP) as a treatment in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome, it is fundamental to keep accurate record of serious adverse events occurring during the prone position procedure and its posterior analysis...
June 8, 2017: Enfermería Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553760/comparison-of-different-conservative-treatments-for-idiopathic-clubfoot-ponseti-s-versus-non-ponseti-s-methods
#20
Jin-Peng He, Jing Fan Shao, Yun Hao
Objective Various methods are applied in the clinical treatment of idiopathic clubfoot. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the efficacy of different conservative treatments. Methods Studies were pooled and odds ratio (ORs) with corresponding confidence intervals were calculated for evaluation of the results, relapses, and requirement for major surgery. Results A final analysis of 1435 patients from 9 eligible studies was performed. The combined OR indicated that significantly more fair and poor results were achieved and that major surgery was required significantly more often when using non-Ponseti's methods (OR = 3...
June 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
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