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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344250/prevention-of-body-weight-loss-and-sarcopenia-by-a-novel-selective-androgen-receptor-modulator-in-cancer-cachexia-models
#1
Megumi Morimoto, Katsuji Aikawa, Takahito Hara, Masuo Yamaoka
Cancer cachexia is a syndrome that impairs the quality of life and overall survival of patients, and thus the effectiveness of anticancer agents. There are no effective therapies for cancer cachexia due to the complexity of the syndrome, and insufficient knowledge of its pathogenesis results in difficulty establishing appropriate animal models. Previously, promising results have been obtained in clinical trials using novel agents including the ghrelin receptor agonist anamorelin, and the selective androgen receptor modulator (SARM) enobosarm to treat cachexia in patients with cancer...
December 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335765/wastewater-based-tracing-of-doping-use-by-the-general-population-and-amateur-athletes
#2
Ana Causanilles, Vera Nordmann, Dennis Vughs, Erik Emke, Olivier de Hon, Félix Hernández, Pim de Voogt
The present study investigates the applicability of the chemical analysis of wastewater to assess the use of doping substances by the general population and amateur athletes. To this end, an analytical methodology that can identify and quantify a list of 15 substances from the groups of anabolic steroids, weight loss products, and masking agents in wastewater has been developed. The method uses solid phase extraction to increase the detection sensitivity of the target analytes, expected to be present at very low concentrations (ng L-1 range), and decrease possible matrix interferences...
January 15, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334747/-drug-induced-tendon-injury
#3
Štefan Alušík, Zoltán Paluch
Tendon injury belongs to the less known side effects of some drugs, reported until recently only for glucocorticoids and fluoroquinolones. To date, some other classes of drugs such as statins, aromatase inhibitors, anabolic steroids, potentially causing tendon injury, have been added to the list. The authors discuss the most common clinical presentations, diagnosis, and management as well as latest experimental data regarding this issue. The most often, the Achilles tendon is affected, however, nearly every tendon of the entire body may be affected...
2018: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334634/equine-in-vivo-derived-metabolites-of-the-sarm-lgd-4033-and-comparison-with-human-and-fungal-metabolites
#4
Annelie Hansson, Heather Knych, Scott Stanley, Emma Berndtson, Liora Jackson, Ulf Bondesson, Mario Thevis, Mikael Hedeland
LGD-4033 has been found in human doping control samples and has the potential for illicit use in racehorses as well. It belongs to the pharmacological class of selective androgen receptor modulators (SARMs) and can stimulate muscle growth, much like anabolic steroids. However, SARMs have shown superior side effect profiles compared to anabolic steroids, which arguably makes them attractive for use by individuals seeking an unfair advantage over their competitors. The purpose of this study was to investigate the metabolites formed from LGD-4033 in the horse in order to find suitable analytical targets for doping controls...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333723/nandrolone-induced-nuclear-accumulation-of-myod-protein-is-mediated-by-numb-a-notch-inhibitor-in-c2c12-myoblasts
#5
Xin-Hua Liu, Rita De Gasperi, William A Bauman, Christopher P Cardozo
Signaling via the androgen receptor (AR) stimulates myogenic progenitor differentiation. In addition, myogenic differentiation factor D (MyoD) and Numb, a Notch inhibitor, play key roles in regulating myogenic differentiation. Nandrolone, an anabolic steroid, upregulates both MyoD and Numb expression in myogenic cells. However, the molecular mechanisms by which MyoD is upregulated by nandrolone are unclear. Moreover, the potential crosstalk between nandrolone, MyoD, and Numb is not well understood. With these considerations in mind, we examined the effects of nandrolone on the expression of MyoD mRNA and protein, and determined the interactions of MyoD and Numb in the presence or absence of nandrolone in differentiating C2C12 myoblasts...
January 2018: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317256/nandrolone-combined-with-strenuous-resistance-training-reduces-vascular-nitric-oxide-bioavailability-and-impairs-endothelium-dependent-vasodilation
#6
Vinicius Guzzoni, Tatiana Sousa Cunha, Vander José das Neves, Larissa Briet, Rafaela Costa, Maria José Costa Sampaio Moura, Vanessa Oliveira, Maria do Carmo Pinho Franco, Pedro Duarte Novaes, Fernanda Klein Marcondes
Anabolic Androgenic Steroids (AASs) misuse has increased among adolescents and recreational athletes due to their potential effects on muscle hypertrophy. On the other hand, AAS might induce alterations on cardiovascular system, although some controversies regarding AAS on vascular properties remain unknown. To address this question, we aimed to investigate the effects of high doses of nandrolone combined with strenuous resistance training (RT) on function and structure of thoracic aorta. Rats were randomized into four groups: non-trained vehicle (NTV), trained vehicle (TV), non-trained nandrolone (NTN), and trained nandrolone (TN), and submitted to 6 weeks of treatment with nandrolone (5mg/kg, twice a week) and/or resistance training...
January 6, 2018: Steroids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308212/-the-efficacy-of-extracorporeal-liver-support-with-molecular-adsorbent-recirculating-system-in-severe-drug-induced-liver-injury
#7
Jaishvi Eapen, Rotimi Ayoola, Ram M Subramanian
We report a case of a 26-year-old man with no significant medical history, who presented with fatigue, pruritus, jaundice, dark urine and clay colored stool for one month. He had been taking methyl-1-etiochoenolol-epietiocholanolone, an androgenic anabolic steroid (AAS). He was initially found to have a total bilirubin (Tbili) of 6 mg/dL. He discontinued the AAS but the patients' symptoms worsened and Tbili increased to 36 mg/d. This prompted inpatient management of his drug-induced liver injury (DILI). Molecular adsorbent recirculating system (MARS) is an extracorporeal liver support system that replaces the detoxification function of the liver...
January 2018: Oxford Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307848/herbal-and-dietary-supplement-induced-liver-injuries-in-the-spanish-dili-registry
#8
Inmaculada Medina-Caliz, Miren Garcia-Cortes, Andres Gonzalez-Jimenez, Maria R Cabello, Mercedes Robles-Diaz, Judith Sanabria-Cabrera, Rocio Sanjuan-Jimenez, Aida Ortega-Alonso, Beatriz García-Muñoz, Inmaculada Moreno, Miguel Jimenez-Perez, M Carmen Fernandez, Pere Ginés, Martin Prieto, Isabel Conde, Hacibe Hallal, German Soriano, Eva Roman, Agustin Castiella, Encarnacion Blanco-Reina, Maria R Montes, Marta Quiros-Cano, Flores Martin-Reyes, M Isabel Lucena, Raul J Andrade
BACKGROUND & AIMS: There have been increasing reports of liver injury associated with use of herbal and dietary supplements, likely due to easy access to these products and beliefs among consumers that they are safer or more effective than conventional medications. We aimed to evaluate clinical features and outcomes of patients with herbal and dietary supplement-induced liver injuries included in the Spanish DILI Registry. METHODS: We collected and analyzed data on demographic and clinical features, along with biochemical parameters, of 32 patients with herbal and dietary supplement-associated liver injury reported to the Spanish DILI registry from 1994 through 2016...
January 4, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306044/heavy-consumption-of-alcohol-is-not-associated-with-worse-outcomes-in-patients-with-idiosyncratic-drug-induced-liver-injury-compared-to-non-drinkers
#9
Lara Dakhoul, Marwan Ghabril, Jiezhun Gu, Victor Navarro, Naga Chalasani, Jose Serrano
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The relationship between alcohol consumption and idiosyncratic drug induced liver injury (DILI) is not well understood. We investigated the relationship between heavy consumption of alcohol and characteristics and outcomes of patients with DILI enrolled in the Drug-induced Liver Injury Network (DILIN) prospective study. METHODS: We collected data from 1198 individuals with definite, highly likely, or probable DILI enrolled in the DILIN study from September 2004 through April 2016...
January 3, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278450/effect-of-glucocorticoid-administration-on-the-steroid-profile
#10
Sergi Coll, Xavier Matabosch, Lorena Garrostas, Clara Perez-Maña, Rosa Ventura
The steroid profile (SP) is a powerful tool to detect the misuse of endogenous anabolic androgenic steroids in sports, and it is included in the athlete biological passport (ABP). Glucocorticoids (GCs), which are widely prescribed in sports and are only prohibited in competition by systemic routes, inhibit the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. Since the metabolites monitored in the SP have a partial adrenal origin, their excretion in urine might be altered by GCs consumption. The aim of the present work was to investigate if GCs administered by either systemic or local routes could influence the SP parameters...
December 26, 2017: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277999/nonalcoholic-steatohepatitis-and-hepatic-adenomatosis-casual-or-causal-relationship
#11
Mercedes Pérez-Carreras, Carolina Ibarrola de Andrés, Carolina Muñoz Codoceo, Cristina López Martínez, Ana Martín Algíbez
Hepatic adenomatosis is a benign disease defined as the presence of multiple adenomas in a normal liver. It is an uncommon condition and there are less than a hundred reported cases in the literature. The etiology is unknown, although it has been associated with the use of oral contraceptives, anabolic steroids, certain storage diseases and some genetic mutations linked to maturity onset diabetes of the young. The coexistence of hepatic adenomatosis and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis has been recently described in two patients suffering from metabolic syndrome...
December 26, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274404/doping-control-analysis-of-13-steroids-and-structural-like-analytes-in-human-urine-using-quadrupole-orbitrap-lc-ms-ms-with-parallel-reaction-monitoring-prm
#12
Genye He, YunWu, Jianghai Lu
Anabolic androgenic steroids (AASs) and structural-like substances are commonly prohibited substances found in doping control studies that can be difficult to accurately detect. In the present study, 11 AASs and 2 structural-like substances that are commonly detected were examined. Currently, such analytes are detected using low resolution GC-MS/MS or LC-MS/MS, with detection not always possible. Herein, the high resolution Quadrupole-Orbitrap liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS system Q Exactive was utilized to increase the specificity...
December 20, 2017: Steroids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242988/anabolic-androgenic-steroids-aas-increase-sensitivity-to-uncertainty-by-inhibition-of-dopamine-d1-and-d2-receptors
#13
Kathryn G Wallin-Miller, Frida Kreutz, Grace Li, Ruth I Wood
BACKGROUND: Anabolic-androgenic steroid abuse is implicated in maladaptive behaviors such as impaired cognition in humans. In a rat model, our lab has shown that testosterone decreases preference for a large/uncertain reward in probability discounting. Other studies have shown that androgens decrease dopamine D1 and D2 receptors in the nucleus accumbens shell, a region important for decision-making behavior in probability discounting. Thus, we attempted to restore selection of the large/uncertain reward in testosterone-treated rats by administering the D2 receptor agonist quinpirole or the D1 receptor agonist SKF81297 and testing probability discounting...
December 14, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201444/the-interaction-effects-of-resistance-training-and-sustanon-abuse-on-liver-antioxidant-activities-and-serum-enzymes-in-male-rats
#14
Hamid Arazi, Siavash Rahmati, Hosein Ghafoori
Background: Anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) are synthetic drugs derived from testosterone, the uncontrolled usage of which may lead to serious side effects. Previous studies have shown that resistance training (RT) is the main exercise modality practiced by AAS abusers. Thus, this work was carried out to evaluate the hepatotoxic effects of sustanon (Su) as an example of AAS in trained male rats. Methods: Rats were divided into sedentary/non-Su, sedentary/Su, RT/non-Su, and RT/Su...
September 2017: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200051/anabolic-steroids-did-popeye-use-them-too
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Addictions Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197722/tracking-internet-interest-in-anabolic-androgenic-steroids-using-google-trends
#16
Joseph Tay Wee Teck, Mark McCann
BACKGROUND: There is a perception that the prevalence of anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) use is increasing in the UK, with consequent individual and public health risks. Nevertheless, there is a lack of real-time surveillance data to support the development of effective policy. This paper explores the potential of Google Trends to complement existing surveillance methods by analysing user generated search term data. METHODS: The Google Trends web tool was used to identify patterns of UK online interest in 15 AAS from January 2011 to December 2015, with 10 ultimately suitable for further analysis...
November 30, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185593/behavioral-cross-sensitization-between-testosterone-and-fenproporex-in-adolescent-and-adult-rats
#17
C Q Conceição, S A Engi, F C Cruz, C S Planeta
The abuse of psychoactive drugs is considered a global health problem. During the last years, a relevant number of studies have investigated the relationship between anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) and other psychoactive drugs. AAS, such as testosterone, can cause a dependence syndrome that shares many features with the classical dependence to psychoactive substances. Pre-clinical evidence shows that there are interactions between testosterone and psychoactive drugs, such as cocaine. However, few studies have been performed to investigate the effect of repeated testosterone treatment on behavioral effects of amphetamine derivatives, such as fenproporex...
November 17, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181908/the-eating-disorder-that-paved-the-way-for-anabolic-steroid-use
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2017: Tidsskrift for Den Norske Lægeforening: Tidsskrift for Praktisk Medicin, Ny Række
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172848/the-role-of-hormones-in-muscle-hypertrophy
#19
Julius Fink, Brad Jon Schoenfeld, Koichi Nakazato
Anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) and other hormones such as growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) have been shown to increase muscle mass in patients suffering from various diseases related to muscle atrophy. Despite known side-effects associated with supraphysiologic doses of such drugs, their anabolic effects have led to their widespread use and abuse by bodybuilders and athletes such as strength athletes seeking to improve performance and muscle mass. On the other hand, resistance training (RT) has also been shown to induce significant endogenous hormonal (testosterone (T), GH, IGF-1) elevations...
November 25, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160404/interaction-of-anabolic-androgenic-steroids-and-induced-tooth-movement-in-rats
#20
Lilian Mary Karakida, Cristiano Miranda de Araujo, Aline Cristina Batista Rodrigues Johann, Elisa Souza Camargo, Orlando Motohiro Tanaka, Odilon Guariza Guariza
This study evaluated the interaction between tooth movement and two anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS), Deposteron® and Nebido®. One hundred Wistar rats were divided into 3 groups: control (C) n=30, Nebido experimental (N) n=35 and Deposteron experimental (D) n=35. The control group was subdivided into 6 subgroups: 1, 2, 3, 5, 7 and 14. The experimental groups were subdivided into 7 subgroups: 0, 1, 2, 3, 5, 7 and 14, which corresponded to the day of animal's euthanasia after applying orthodontic force. Orthodontic devices were used to induce tooth movement using 50 cN of reciprocal force between the maxillary right first molar and the maxillary incisors...
July 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
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