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HIF mesenchymal

Chengxing Zhu, Jiong Yu, Qiaoling Pan, Jinfeng Yang, Guangshu Hao, Yingjie Wang, Lanjuan Li, Hongcui Cao
Human placenta-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hPMSCs) reside in a physiologically low-oxygen microenvironment. Hypoxia influences a variety of stem cell cellular activities, frequently involving hypoxia-inducible factor-2 alpha (HIF-2α). This research showed that hPMSCs cultured in hypoxic conditions (5% O2) exhibited a more naïve morphology and had a higher proliferative capability and higher HIF-2α expression than hPMSCs cultured in normoxic conditions (21% O2). Similar to the hypoxic cultures, hPMSCs over-expressing HIF-2α showed higher proliferative potential and higher expression of CCND1 (CyclinD1), MYC (c-Myc), POU5F1 (Oct4) and the components of the MAPK/ERK pathway...
October 21, 2016: Scientific Reports
Natalya A Goloviznina, Santhosh Chakkaramakkil Verghese, Young Me Yoon, Oleh Taratula, Daniel L Marks, Peter Kurre
Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) present in the bone marrow (BM) microenvironment secrete cytokines and angiogenic factors that support the maintenance and regenerative expansion of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPC). Here, we tested the hypothesis that extracellular vesicles (EVs) released by MSC contribute to the paracrine crosstalk that shapes hematopoietic function. We systematically characterized EV release by murine stromal cells and demonstrate that MSC-derived EVs prompt a loss of HSPC quiescence with concomitant expansion of murine myeloid progenitors...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Masaru Koido, Junko Sakurai, Satomi Tsukahara, Yuri Tani, Akihiro Tomida
Prostate transmembrane protein, androgen induced 1 (PMEPA1) is highly expressed in various solid tumors and is known to play important roles in the transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) signaling pathway. Here, we demonstrate a novel relationship between PMEPA1 and hypoxia, a common microenvironmental stress condition in solid tumors. We showed that induction of PMEPA1 expression occurred during hypoxia in a manner dependent on both TGF-β signaling and hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) pathways. Furthermore, overexpression and knockdown experiments revealed that PMEPA1 enhanced HIF-1 transcription activity...
October 28, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Shi Chen, Jiang-Zhi Chen, Jia-Qiang Zhang, Hui-Xin Chen, Mao-Lin Yan, Long Huang, Yi-Feng Tian, Yan-Lin Chen, Yao-Dong Wang
The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays a crucial role in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) development and progression. TWIST activated by intra-tumoral hypoxia functions to promote the EMT. We hypothesized that TWIST and the downstream gene pathway could mediate PDAC progression under hypoxia. Therefore, 90 PDAC tissue specimens were immunostained for TWIST and other proteins. Pancreatic cancer cell lines were used for in vitro experiments and nude mice were used to confirm the in vivo data...
September 28, 2016: Cancer Letters
Sara Malih, Massoud Saidijam, Kamran Mansouri, Mona Pourjafar, Maryam Sadat Tafakh, Fahimeh Talebzadeh, Rezvan Najafi
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of AdipoRon on major factors involved in survival, migration and neovascularization of rat bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells. RESULTS: AdipoRon promoted the MSCs viability. Real-time PCR indicated that the expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR4), C-C chemokine receptor type 2 (CCR2), vascular endothelial growth factor matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and MMP-9 were upregulated in AdipoRon-treated MSCs compared to control groups...
September 15, 2016: Biotechnology Letters
Claire Vinatier, Christophe Merceron, Jerome Guicheux
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative joint disease that, despite recent progress, has no curative treatment. Considerable research has recently been initiated to identify new potential therapeutic targets. In this review, we will set forth some of the major discoveries in the past 5 years, notably those dealing with the identification of pathogenic factors [hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs), complement, transforming growth factor (TGF)-β and zinc-ZIP8]. New drugs and concepts currently in clinical development [anti-nerve growth factor (NGF), mesenchymal stromal cells and fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-18] will then be addressed...
September 8, 2016: Drug Discovery Today
Takeshi Kaneko, Hironari Dehari, Takanori Sasaki, Tomohiro Igarashi, Kazuhiro Ogi, Jun-Ya Okamoto, Mayumi Kawata, Jun-Ichi Kobayashi, Akihiro Miyazaki, Kenji Nakamori, Hiroyoshi Hiratsuka
OBJECTIVE: Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays an important role in cancer invasion and metastasis induced by hypoxia. Here, we examined whether phosphorylation of GSK3-β via phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3 K)/Akt signaling is involved in enhancing the hypoxia-induced EMT in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). STUDY DESIGN: Experiments were performed in OSCC cell lines (HSC-2, HSC-3, HSC-4, SAS, and HO-1-U-1) under normoxic or hypoxic conditions. The EMT was assessed by Matrigel invasion assays and wound healing assays...
June 22, 2016: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
Yang Chen, Yan Shi, Guanghai Dai
Hypoxia plays a vital role in tumor metabolism, proliferation, apoptosis, invasion and metastasis via hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF). Epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a crucial process to metastasis, which could be triggered by hypoxia. EMT could be regulated by HIF via multiple pathways including TGF-β, Notch, and Wnt/β-catenin. It has been shown that anti-HIF drugs combined with anti-EMT therapies could be a promising strategy for tumor therapy.
August 2016: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
X Han, H Bai, J J Yin, K Yang, Y X Han, J F Ou, C B Wang, T Wu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of miR-155 on immune-factors and its mechanism in mesenchymal stem cells under hypoxia. METHODS: The microRNA sequences targeting miR-155 mimic and mimic NC gene was designed and transfected into MSC by lipofectamineTM 2000. Lipopolysaccharide was used to stimulate the immunity of MSC under hypoxic environment. Transfection efficiency of miR- 155 and immune-related genes (IL-6, IL-8, iNOS, TGF-β, HIF-1α) were detected by real-time RT-PCR...
August 14, 2016: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
Zhong Xiong, Meng Guo, Yun Yu, Fei-Fei Zhang, Meng-Kai Ge, Guo-Qiang Chen, Shao-Ming Shen
Recently, we have reported that apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) regulates the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process of cancers, but the mechanisms underlying the regulation of AIF expression in cancers remain greatly unknown. Here, we report that hypoxia inversely correlates with the expression of AIF in tumor tissues from a cohort of colon cancer patients and inhibits AIF expression in multiple colon cancer cell lines. This inhibition is mediated by hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1), which transcriptionally represses AIF through direct binding to the hypoxia-response element in AIF promoter as revealed by luciferase reporter and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays...
August 19, 2016: Carcinogenesis
Andreia Peixoto, Elisabete Fernandes, Cristiana Gaiteiro, Luís Lima, Rita Azevedo, Janine Soares, Sofia Cotton, Beatriz Parreira, Manuel Neves, Teresina Amaro, Ana Tavares, Filipe Teixeira, Carlos Palmeira, Maria Rangel, André M N Silva, Celso A Reis, Lúcio Lara Santos, Maria José Oliveira, José Alexandre Ferreira
Invasive bladder tumours express the cell-surface Sialyl-Tn (STn) antigen, which stems from a premature stop in protein O-glycosylation. The STn antigen favours invasion, immune escape, and possibly chemotherapy resistance, making it attractive for target therapeutics. However, the events leading to such deregulation in protein glycosylation are mostly unknown. Since hypoxia is a salient feature of advanced stage tumours, we searched into how it influences bladder cancer cells glycophenotype, with emphasis on STn expression...
August 12, 2016: Oncotarget
Noelia Campillo, Ignasi Jorba, Laura Schaedel, Blai Casals, David Gozal, Ramon Farré, Isaac Almendros, Daniel Navajas
Intermittent hypoxia (IH), a hallmark of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of OSA-associated morbidities, especially in the cardiovascular and respiratory systems. Oxidative stress and inflammation induced by IH are suggested as main contributors of end-organ dysfunction in OSA patients and animal models. Since the molecular mechanisms underlying these in vivo pathological responses remain poorly understood, implementation of experimental in vitro cell-based systems capable of inducing high-frequency IH would be highly desirable...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
Zhaoming Zhong, Zedong Hu, Yue Jiang, Ruimei Sun, Xue Chen, Hongying Chu, Musheng Zeng, Chuanzheng Sun
Metastasis is the major cause of treatment failure in anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) patients. In the preliminary study, we demonstrated that interleukin (IL)-11 expression is positively correlated with distant metastasis in ATC. However, the mechanisms underlying remain largely unknown. Here, we found that cobalt chloride (a hypoxia mimetic) promoted IL-11 expression via HIF-1α activation. Furthermore, the resultant increase in IL-11 expression significantly induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in ATC cells, accompanied by Akt/GSK3β pathway activation and increased invasive and migratory abilities...
July 25, 2016: Oncotarget
Sang Yeol Lee, See-Hyoung Park, Mi Ok Kim, Inhwan Lim, Mingyeong Kang, Sae Woong Oh, Kwangseon Jung, Dong Gyu Jo, Il-Hoon Cho, Jongsung Lee
Ultraviolet A (UVA) irradiation induces various changes in cell biology. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of vanillin on UVA irradiation-induced damages in the stemness properties of human adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hAMSCs). UVA-antagonizing mechanisms of vanillin were also examined. The results revealed that vanillin attenuated UVA-induced reduction of the proliferative potential and stemness of hAMSCs evidenced by increased proliferative activity in BrdU incorporation assay and upregulation of stemness-related genes (OCT4, NANOG and SOX2) in response to vanillin treatment...
October 2016: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Qian Zhang, Michele Doucet, Ryan E Tomlinson, Xiaobin Han, L Darryl Quarles, Michael T Collins, Thomas L Clemens
Tumor-induced osteomalacia (TIO) is a rare paraneoplastic syndrome in which ectopic production of fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) by non-malignant mesenchymal tumors causes phosphate wasting and bone fractures. Recent studies have implicated the hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) in other phosphate wasting disorders caused by elevated FGF23, including X-linked hypophosphatemic rickets and autosomal dominant hypophosphatemia. Here we provide evidence that HIF-1α mediates aberrant FGF23 in TIO by transcriptionally activating its promoter...
2016: Bone Research
Yuri Cho, Eun Ju Cho, Jeong-Hoon Lee, Su Jong Yu, Yoon Jun Kim, Chung Yong Kim, Jung-Hwan Yoon
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a fast growing tumor associated with a high tendency for vascular invasion and distant metastasis. Recently, we reported that fucoidan displays inhibitory effect on proliferation and invasion of HCC cells. In this study, we investigated the anti-metastatic effect of fucoidan on HCC cells and the key signal that modulates metastasis. The anti-metastatic effect of fucoidan was evaluated in vitro using an invasion assay with human HCC cells (Huh-7, SNU-761, and SNU-3085) under both normoxic (20% O2 and 5% CO2, at 37°C) and hypoxic (1% O2, 5% CO2, and 94% N2, at 37°C) conditions...
July 23, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Xiaodong Jing, Yulin Gao, Songlin Xiao, Qin Qin, Xiaoming Wei, Yuling Yan, Ling Wu, Songbai Deng, Jianlin Du, Yajie Liu, Qiang She
Understanding the origin and differentiation mechanism of coronary vascular smooth muscle cells (CoSMCs) is very important to cardiovascular biology. The early cardiovascular system is formed in a hypoxic microenvironment, and Tbx18-positive epicardial cells are a source of CoSMCs. However, the effects of hypoxia on the differentiation of Tbx18-positive epicardial cells to CoSMCs and the primary regulatory mechanism are insufficiently understood. Using Tbx18:Cre/R26R(EYFP/LacZ) fate-tracing mice, we cultured highly purified Tbx18-positive epicardial cells...
2016: Scientific Reports
Yu Gao, Hongzhao Li, Xin Ma, Yang Fan, Dong Ni, Yu Zhang, Qingbo Huang, Kan Liu, Xintao Li, Lei Wang, Yuanxin Yao, Qing Ai, Xu Zhang
The E2F3 transcriptional regulatory pathway plays a major part in multiple-cancer progression, but the specific contributions of this pathway to tumor formation and the progression of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) are not fully understood. Clinically, we demonstrated that E2F3 was overexpressed in advanced tumor features. Moreover, cytoplasmic restoration predicted the poor overall survival of ccRCC patients. As a remarkable oncogene for ccRCC, high HIF-2α levels closely correlated with E2F3 upregulation...
July 13, 2016: Oncotarget
Abdelaziz M Hussein, Nashwa Barakat, Amira Awadalla, Mahmoud M Gabr, Sherry Khater, Ahmed M Harraz, Ahmed A Shokeir
The present study investigated the effects of combination of ischemic preconditioning (Ipre) and adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSCs) on renal ischemia-reperfusion (I-R) injury in rats. 90 male Sprague Dawley rats were divided into 5 equal groups; sham operated, control (45 min left renal ischemia), Ipre group as control group with 3 cycles of Ipre just before renal ischemia, ADMSCs-treated group (as control with ADMSCs 10(6) cells in 0.1 mL via penile vein 60 min before ischemia time), and Ipre + ADMSCs group as ADMCs group with 3 cycles of Ipre...
September 2016: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
Hiroki Teraoku, Yuji Morine, Tetsuya Ikemoto, Yu Saito, Shinichiro Yamada, Masato Yoshikawa, Chie Takasu, Jun Higashijima, Satoru Imura, Mitsuo Shimada
BACKGROUND: Thrombospondin-1 (THBS-1), a glycoprotein, is an endogenous inhibitor of angiogenesis and tumor growth. In this study, we investigated the clinical role and mechanism of THBS-1 expression in colorectal liver metastases, focusing on the relationships between its expression and tumor growth, epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), and expression of other relevant molecules. METHODS: Ninety-four patients who initially underwent curative hepatic resection were enrolled in this study and correlations between expression of THBS-1 (THBS-1 high [n = 35] and THBS-1 low [n = 59]) and tumor growth, Ki-67 labeling index (Ki-67 LI), expression of other relevant molecules, and microvessel density (MVD) investigated...
September 2016: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
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