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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527294/activation-of-hypoxia-signaling-in-stromal-progenitors-impairs-kidney-development
#1
Katharina Gerl, Dominik Steppan, Michaela Fuchs, Charlotte Wagner, Carsten Willam, Armin Kurtz, Birgül Kurt
Intrauterine hypoxia is a reason for impaired kidney development. The cellular and molecular pathways along which hypoxia exerts effects on nephrogenesis are not well understood. They are likely triggered by hypoxia-inducible transcription factors (HIFs), and their effects appear to be dependent on the cell compartment contributing to kidney formation. In this study, we investigated the effects of HIF activation in the developing renal stroma, which also essentially modulates nephron development from the metanephric mesenchyme...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520516/mesenchymal-stem-cell-migration-and-proliferation-are-mediated-by-hypoxia-inducible-factor-1%C3%AE-upstream-of-notch-and-sumo-pathways
#2
María Ciria, Nahuel A García, Imelda Ontoria-Oviedo, Hernán González-King, Rubén Carrero, José Luis De La Pompa, José Anastasio Montero, Pilar Sepúlveda
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are effective in treating several pathologies. We and others have demonstrated that hypoxia or hypoxia-inducible factor 1 alpha (HIF-1α) stabilization improves several MSC functions, including cell adhesion, migration, and proliferation, thereby increasing their therapeutic potential. To further explore the mechanisms induced by HIF-1α in MSCs, we studied its relationship with Notch signaling and observed that overexpression of HIF-1α in MSCs increased protein levels of the Notch ligands Jagged 1-2 and Delta-like (Dll)1, Dll3, and Dll4 and potentiated Notch signaling only when this pathway was activated...
May 18, 2017: Stem Cells and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498393/upregulation-of-circadian-gene-hclock-contribution-to-metastasis-of-colorectal-cancer
#3
Yaping Wang, Ning Sun, Chao Lu, Yibing Bei, Ruizhe Qian, Luchun Hua
Recent studies have shown that disruption of the circadian rhythm was one of the endogenous factors contributing to tumorigenesis of various human malignancies, including colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the roles of circadian genes in the development of CRC are still unexplored. In this study, we investigated the expression pattern and the underlying mechanism of human Clock gene (hClock) in CRC progression. Multiple methods such as qRT-PCR, immunohistochemistry, and western blotting were performed to evaluate the expression pattern of the gene hClock, as well as to observe the changes of angiogenesis-related proteins and EMT-related proteins...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486958/exosomes-as-potential-alternatives-to-stem-cell-therapy-for-intervertebral-disc-degeneration-in-vitro-study-on-exosomes-in-interaction-of-nucleus-pulposus-cells-and-bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#4
Kang Lu, Hai-Yin Li, Kuang Yang, Jun-Long Wu, Xiao-Wei Cai, Yue Zhou, Chang-Qing Li
BACKGROUND: The stem cell-based therapies for intervertebral disc degeneration have been widely studied. However, the mechanisms of mesenchymal stem cells interacting with intervertebral disc cells, such as nucleus pulposus cells (NPCs), remain unknown. Exosomes as a vital paracrine mechanism in cell-cell communication have been highly focused on. The purpose of this study was to detect the role of exosomes derived from bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) and NPCs in their interaction with corresponding cells...
May 10, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485478/long-noncoding-rna-has2-as1-mediates-hypoxia-induced-invasiveness-of-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#5
Guiquan Zhu, Shaoxin Wang, Jin Chen, Zhaohui Wang, Xinhua Liang, Xiaoyi Wang, Jian Jiang, Jinyi Lang, Ling Li
A hypoxic microenvironment plays important roles in the progression of solid tumors, including oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have gained much attention in the past few years. However, it is not clear whether lncRNAs can regulate hypoxia adaptation of OSCC or which lncRNAs participate in this process. Using a lncRNA microarray, we analyzed the aberrant lncRNA expression profiles in OSCC tissues compared with paired normal oral mucosa and in hypoxic OSCC cells compared with normoxic OSCC cells...
May 9, 2017: Molecular Carcinogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474313/expression-of-hypoxia-associated-protein-hif-1%C3%AE-in-follicular-thyroid-cancer-is-associated-with-distant-metastasis
#6
Aumayr Klaus, Osmen Fathi, Traub-Weidinger Tatjana, Niederle Bruno, Koperek Oskar
Follicular thyroid carcinomas (FTCs) are the second most common malignant neoplasia of the thyroid and in general its prognosis is quite favorable. However, the occurrence of metastases or non-responsiveness to radioiodine therapy worsens the prognosis considerably. We evaluated immunohistochemically the expression of hypoxia-associated proteins by hypoxia-induced factor 1α (HIF-1α), the stroma-remodeling marker Tenascin C, as well as markers for the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), namely E-cadherin and slug in a series of 59 sporadic FTCs...
May 4, 2017: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468297/hypoxia-hif-and-associated-signaling-networks-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#7
REVIEW
Jing Liu, Qingqing Wei, Chunyuan Guo, Guie Dong, Yu Liu, Chengyuan Tang, Zheng Dong
The pathogenesis of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is complex and apparently multifactorial. Hypoxia or decrease in oxygen supply in kidney tissues has been implicated in CKD. Hypoxia inducible factors (HIF) are a small family of transcription factors that are mainly responsive to hypoxia and mediate hypoxic response. HIF plays a critical role in renal fibrosis during CKD through the modulation of gene transcription, crosstalk with multiple signaling pathways, epithelial-mesenchymal transition, and epigenetic regulation...
April 30, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468237/hypoxia-mediates-differential-response-to-anti-egfr-therapy-in-hnscc-cells
#8
Emilia Wiechec, Katharina Tiefenböck Hansson, Lisa Alexandersson, Jan-Ingvar Jönsson, Karin Roberg
Despite advances in the head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) treatment modalities, drug resistance and cancer recurrence are often reported. Hypoxia signaling through hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) promotes angiogenesis and metastasis by inducing epithelial-mesenchymal-transition (EMT). The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of hypoxia on response to therapy as well as EMT and expression of stem cell markers in HNSCC cells. Five HNSCC cell lines (UT-SCC-2, UT-SCC-14, LK0412, LK0827, and LK0923) were selected for this study...
April 29, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449718/hif-1%C3%AE-promoted-vasculogenic-mimicry-formation-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-through-loxl2-up-regulation-in-hypoxic-tumor-microenvironment
#9
Meili Wang, Xiulan Zhao, Dongwang Zhu, Tieju Liu, Xiaohui Liang, Fang Liu, Yanhui Zhang, Xueyi Dong, Baocun Sun
BACKGROUND: The incidence and mortality rates of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) have steadily increased in recent years. A hypoxic microenvironment is one of the most important characteristics of solid tumors which has been shown to promote tumor metastasis, epithelial-mesenchymal transition and angiogenesis. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition and vasculogenic mimicry have been regarded as crucial contributing factors to cancer progression. HIF-1α functions as a master transcriptional regulator in the adaptive response to hypoxia...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435457/tumor-hypoxia-regulates-forkhead-box-c1-to-promote-lung-cancer-progression
#10
Yu-Jung Lin, Woei-Cherng Shyu, Chi-Wei Chang, Chi-Chung Wang, Chung-Pu Wu, Hsu-Tung Lee, Liang-Jwu Chen, Chia-Hung Hsieh
Forkhead box C1 (FOXC1) is a member of the forkhead family of transcription factors that are characterized by a DNA-binding forkhead domain. Increasing evidence indicates that FOXC1 is involved in tumor progression. However, the role of tumor hypoxia in FOXC1 regulation and its impact on lung cancer progression are unclear. Here, we report that FOXC1 was upregulated in hypoxic areas of lung cancer tissues from rodents or humans. Hypoxic stresses significantly induced FOXC1 expression. Moreover, hypoxia activated FOXC1 transcription via direct binding of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) to the hypoxia-responsive element (HRE) in the FOXC1 promoter...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435293/expression-and-significance-of-grhl2-in-esophageal-cancer
#11
Chengcheng Shao, Chushu Ji, Xiaoqiu Wang, Bing Hu
Esophageal cancer (EC) is one of the most common causes of cancer-related mortality in the world. Although much effort has been made to improve the 5-year survival rate of patients with EC, it still remains low due to diagnosis at an advanced stage, aggressive local invasion, early metastasis, and resistance to chemotherapy. Although grainyhead-like 2 (GRHL2) has attracted interest since it has been recently identified as a novel suppressor of the epithelial-mesenchymal transition, clinical values of GRHL2 and its relationship with the metastasis-related factors, such as hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), remain unclear...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426124/propofol-suppresses-lps-induced-nuclear-accumulation-of-hif-1%C3%AE-and-tumor-aggressiveness-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#12
Nengli Yang, Yafeng Liang, Pei Yang, Fuhai Ji
Tumor hypoxia has been recognized as a characteristic of the tumor microenvironment and promotes metastasis in a variety of types of cancer. However, in lung cancer, the role of hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) in modulating the cellular response to the inflammation-related microenvironment remains unclear. In the present study, enhanced expression of HIF-1α accompanied by an increased ROS level was observed in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells. In addition, propofol, a general anesthetic, was found to significantly reduce the LPS-induced upregulation of HIF-1α and ROS in a dose-dependent manner...
May 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424584/hif-1%C3%AE-overexpression-improves-transplanted-bone-mesenchymal-stem-cells-survival-in-rat-mcao-stroke-model
#13
Bingke Lv, Feng Li, Jianbang Han, Jie Fang, Limin Xu, Chengmei Sun, Tian Hua, Zhongfei Zhang, Zhiming Feng, Xiaodan Jiang
Bone mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) death after transplantation is a serious obstacle impacting on the outcome of cell therapy for cerebral infarction. This study was aimed to investigate whether modification of BMSCs with hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (Hif-1α) could enhance the survival of the implanted BMSCs. BMSCs were isolated from Wistar rats, and were infected with Hif-1α-GFP lentiviral vector or Hif-1α siRNA. The modified BMSCs were exposed to oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) condition, cellular viability and apoptosis were then assessed...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424532/stemness-and-differentiation-potential-recovery-effects-of-sinapic-acid-against-ultraviolet-a-induced-damage-through-the-regulation-of-p38-mapk-and-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb
#14
Young Sun Hwang, See-Hyoung Park, Mingyeong Kang, Sae Woong Oh, Kwangseon Jung, Yong Seek Park, Jongsung Lee
Ultraviolet A (UVA) irradiation exerts negative effects on stemness and differentiation potential of stem cells. This study aimed to explore the effect of sinapic acid on UVA-irradiation-induced damages to stemness and differentiation potential of human-adipose-tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hAMSCs) and its UVA-antagonist mechanisms. Sinapic acid attenuated UVA-induced reduction in the proliferative potential and stemness by upregulating OCT4, SOX2, and NANOG. In addition, sinapic acid significantly recovered UVA-induced reduction in expression level of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α...
April 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410212/hypoxia-induced-plod2-promotes-proliferation-migration-and-invasion-via-pi3k-akt-signaling-in-glioma
#15
Ye Song, Shihao Zheng, Jizhou Wang, Hao Long, Luxiong Fang, Gang Wang, Zhiyong Li, Tianshi Que, Yi Liu, Yilei Li, Xi'an Zhang, Weiyi Fang, Songtao Qi
Gliomas are the most common form of malignant primary brain tumors with poor 5-year survival rate. Dysregulation of procollagen-lysine, 2-oxoglutarate 5-dioxygenase 2 (PLOD2) was observed in gliomas, but the specific role and molecular mechanism of PLOD2 in glioma have not been reported yet. In this study, PLOD2 was found to be frequently up-regulated in glioma and could serve as an independent prognostic marker to identify patients with poor clinical outcome. Knockdown of PLOD2 inhibited proliferation, migration and invasion of glioma cells in vitro and in vivo...
March 30, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404817/hypoxia-inducible-factor-1%C3%AE-predicts-recurrence-in-high-grade-soft-tissue-sarcoma-of-extremities-and-trunk-wall
#16
H Nyström, M Jönsson, L Werner-Hartman, M Nilbert, A Carneiro
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Sarcomas are of mesenchymal origin and typically show abundant tumour stroma and presence of necrosis. In search for novel biomarkers for personalised therapy, we determined the prognostic impact of stromal markers, hypoxia and neovascularity in high-grade soft tissue leiomyosarcoma and pleomorphic undifferentiated sarcoma. METHOD: We evaluated CD163, colony-stimulating factor (CSF)-1, CD16 and hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1)α using immunohistochemical staining and assessed microvessel density using CD31 in 73 high-grade leiomyosarcomas and undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcomas of the extremities and the trunk wall...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398002/alpha-ketoglutarate-curbs-differentiation-and-induces-cell-death-in-mesenchymal-stromal-precursors-with-mitochondrial-dysfunction
#17
Karmveer Singh, Linda Krug, Abhijit Basu, Patrick Meyer, Nicolai Treiber, Seppe Vander Beken, Meinhard Wlaschek, Stefan Kochanek, Wilhelm Bloch, Hartmut Geiger, Pallab Maity, Karin Scharffetter-Kochanek
Increased concentrations of reactive oxygen species (ROS) originating from dysfunctional mitochondria contribute to diverse aging-related degenerative disorders. But so far little is known about the impact of distinct ROS on metabolism and fate of stromal precursor cells. Here, we demonstrate that an increase in superoxide anion radicals due to superoxide dismutase 2 (Sod2) deficiency in stromal precursor cells suppress osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation through fundamental changes in the global metabolite landscape...
April 11, 2017: Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387999/decreased-expression-of-acss2-promotes-metastasis-and-predicts-poor-prognosis-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#18
Lin Sun, Yinlong Kong, Manqing Cao, Hongyuan Zhou, Huikai Li, Yunlong Cui, Feng Fang, Wei Zhang, Jiafeng Li, Xiaolin Zhu, Qiang Li, Tianqiang Song, Ti Zhang
Metastasis is a serious risk that may occur during the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), preventing many patients from being surgical candidates and contributing to poor prognosis. Hypoxia has been proved to be an important factor of metastasis via the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) pathway. Acetyl-CoA synthase 2 (ACSS2) provides an acetyl group for the acetylation of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-2α, and this epigenetic modification affects the activity of HIF-2α and the subsequent EMT process...
April 7, 2017: Cancer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386380/wheatgrass-extract-inhibits-hypoxia-inducible-factor-1-mediated-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-in-a549-cells
#19
Nam Yong Do, Hyun-Jae Shin, Ji-Eun Lee
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is involved in not only cancer development and metastasis but also non-cancerous conditions. Hypoxia is one of the proposed critical factors contributing to formation of chronic rhinosinusitis or nasal polyposis. Wheatgrass (Triticum aestivum) has antioxidant, anti-aging, and anti-inflammatory effects. In this study, we analyzed whether wheatgrass has an inhibitory effect on the EMT process in airway epithelial cells. MATERIALS/METHODS: A549 human lung adenocarcinoma cells were incubated in hypoxic conditions (CO2 5%/O2 1%) for 24 h in the presence of different concentrations of wheatgrass extract (50, 75, 100, and 150 µg/mL) and changes in expression of epithelial or mesenchymal markers were evaluated by immunoblotting and immunofluorescence...
April 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385113/hypoxia-for-mesenchymal-stem-cell-expansion-and-differentiation-the-best-way-for-enhancing-tgf%C3%A3-induced-chondrogenesis-and-preventing-calcifications-in-alginate-beads
#20
Christel Henrionnet, Gai Liang, Emilie Roeder, Manuel Dossot, Hui Wang, Jacques Magdalou, Pierre Gillet, Astrid Pinzano
We examined the respective influence of a sequential or a continuous hypoxia during expansion and transforming growth factor beta 1-driven chondrogenic differentiation of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). The differentiation was performed within alginate beads, a classical tool for the implantation of MSCs within the joint. The standard normoxic 2D (expansion) and 3D (differentiation) MSCs cultures served as reference. To determine the quality of chondrogenesis, we analyzed typical markers such as type II and X collagens, SOX9, COMP, versican, and aggrecan mRNAs using polymerase chain reaction and we assessed the production of type II collagen and hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α by histological stainings...
May 5, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part A
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