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Amoeboid mesenchymal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650698/the-rock-isoforms-differentially-regulate-the-morphological-characteristics-of-carcinoma-cells
#1
Rachel J Jerrell, Mitchell J Leih, Aron Parekh
Rho-associated kinase (ROCK) activity drives cell migration via actomyosin contractility. During invasion, individual cancer cells can transition between two modes of migration, mesenchymal and amoeboid. Changes in ROCK activity can cause a switch between these migration phenotypes which are defined by distinct morphologies. However, recent studies have shown that the ROCK isoforms are not functionally redundant as previously thought. Therefore, it is unclear whether the ROCK isoforms play different roles in regulating migration phenotypes...
June 26, 2017: Small GTPases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487031/hmec-1-adopt-the-mixed-amoeboid-mesenchymal-migration-type-during-endmt
#2
Jakub Kryczka, Patrycja Przygodzka, Helena Bogusz, Joanna Boncela
The contribution of endothelial cells to scar and fibrotic tissue formation is undisputedly connected to their ability to undergo the endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EndMT) towards fibroblast phenotype-resembling cells. The migration model of fibroblasts and fibroblast-resembling cells is still not fully understood. It may be either a Rho/ROCK-independent, an integrin- and MMP-correlated ECM degradation-dependent, a mesenchymal model or Rho/ROCK-dependent, integrin adhesion- and MMP activity-independent, an amoeboid model...
April 24, 2017: European Journal of Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353134/ontogeny-of-ramified-cd45-cells-in-chicken-embryo-and-their-contribution-to-bursal-secretory-dendritic-cells
#3
Dávid Dóra, Nóra Fejszák, Allan M Goldstein, Krisztina Minkó, Nándor Nagy
Embryonic tissues contain highly ramified stellate-shaped cells expressing CD45 and MHC II antigens but their origin and immunophenotype are unknown. Using staged avian embryos and cell-type-specific antibodies, we establish a detailed spatiotemporal ontogeny of cells that express CD45, the earliest marker of hematopoietic stem cells in the chick. CD45 immunostaining marks three distinct embryonic cell populations: round, ramified and amoeboid cells. The round and ramified CD45+ cells appear first in yolk-sac blood islands before the onset of circulation...
March 28, 2017: Cell and Tissue Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235899/dual-targeting-of-mesenchymal-and-amoeboid-motility-hinders-metastatic-behavior
#4
Brandon C Jones, Laura C Kelley, Yuriy V Loskutov, Kristina M Marinak, Varvara K Kozyreva, Matthew B Smolkin, Elena N Pugacheva
Commonly upregulated in human cancers, the scaffolding protein NEDD9/HEF1 is a known regulator of mesenchymal migration and cancer cell plasticity. However, the functional role of NEDD9 as a regulator of different migration/invasion modes in the context of breast cancer metastasis is currently unknown. Here, it is reported that NEDD9 is necessary for both mesenchymal and amoeboid individual cell migration/invasion in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). NEDD9 deficiency results in acquisition of the amoeboid morphology, but severely limits all types of cell motility...
June 2017: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166248/characterization-of-three-dimensional-cancer-cell-migration-in-mixed-collagen-matrigel-scaffolds-using-microfluidics-and-image-analysis
#5
María Anguiano, Carlos Castilla, Martin Maška, Cristina Ederra, Rafael Peláez, Xabier Morales, Gorka Muñoz-Arrieta, Maite Mujika, Michal Kozubek, Arrate Muñoz-Barrutia, Ana Rouzaut, Sergio Arana, José Manuel Garcia-Aznar, Carlos Ortiz-de-Solorzano
Microfluidic devices are becoming mainstream tools to recapitulate in vitro the behavior of cells and tissues. In this study, we use microfluidic devices filled with hydrogels of mixed collagen-Matrigel composition to study the migration of lung cancer cells under different cancer invasion microenvironments. We present the design of the microfluidic device, characterize the hydrogels morphologically and mechanically and use quantitative image analysis to measure the migration of H1299 lung adenocarcinoma cancer cells in different experimental conditions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115158/mdia2-and-cxcl12-cxcr4-chemokine-signaling-intersect-to-drive-tumor-cell-amoeboid-morphological-transitions
#6
Meghan M Wyse, Silvia Goicoechea, Rafael Garcia-Mata, Andrea L Nestor-Kalinoski, Kathryn M Eisenmann
Morphological plasticity in response to environmental cues in migrating cancer cells requires F-actin cytoskeletal rearrangements. Conserved formin family proteins play critical roles in cell shape, tumor cell motility, invasion and metastasis, in part, through assembly of non-branched actin filaments. Diaphanous-related formin-2 (mDia2/Diaph3/Drf3/Dia) regulates mesenchymal-to-amoeboid morphological conversions and non-apoptotic blebbing in tumor cells by interacting with its inhibitor diaphanous-interacting protein (DIP), and disrupting cortical F-actin assembly and bundling...
March 4, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089517/hypoxia-induces-a-hif-1-dependent-transition-from-collective-to-amoeboid-dissemination-in-epithelial-cancer-cells
#7
Steffi Lehmann, Veronika Te Boekhorst, Julia Odenthal, Roberta Bianchi, Sjoerd van Helvert, Kristian Ikenberg, Olga Ilina, Szymon Stoma, Jael Xandry, Liying Jiang, Reidar Grenman, Markus Rudin, Peter Friedl
Cancer metastases arise from a multi-step process that requires metastasizing tumor cells to adapt to signaling input from varying tissue environments [1]. As an early metastatic event, cancer cell dissemination occurs through different migration programs, including multicellular, collective, and single-cell mesenchymal or amoeboid migration [2-4]. Migration modes can interconvert based on changes in cell adhesion, cytoskeletal mechanotransduction [5], and/or proteolysis [6], most likely under the control of transcriptional programs such as the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) [7, 8]...
February 6, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941881/the-nadph-oxidase-nox4-represses-epithelial-to-amoeboid-transition-and-efficient-tumour-dissemination
#8
E Crosas-Molist, E Bertran, I Rodriguez-Hernandez, C Herraiz, G Cantelli, À Fabra, V Sanz-Moreno, I Fabregat
Epithelial to mesenchymal transition is a common event during tumour dissemination. However, direct epithelial to amoeboid transition has not been characterized to date. Here we provide evidence that cells from hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), a highly metastatic cancer, undergo epithelial to amoeboid transition in physiological environments, such as organoids or three-dimensional complex matrices. Furthermore, the NADPH oxidase NOX4 inhibits this transition and therefore suppresses efficient amoeboid bleb-based invasion...
May 25, 2017: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917859/scn4b-acts-as-a-metastasis-suppressor-gene-preventing-hyperactivation-of-cell-migration-in-breast-cancer
#9
Emeline Bon, Virginie Driffort, Frédéric Gradek, Carlos Martinez-Caceres, Monique Anchelin, Pablo Pelegrin, Maria-Luisa Cayuela, Séverine Marionneau-Lambot, Thibauld Oullier, Roseline Guibon, Gaëlle Fromont, Jorge L Gutierrez-Pajares, Isabelle Domingo, Eric Piver, Alain Moreau, Julien Burlaud-Gaillard, Philippe G Frank, Stéphan Chevalier, Pierre Besson, Sébastien Roger
The development of metastases largely relies on the capacity of cancer cells to invade extracellular matrices (ECM) using two invasion modes termed 'mesenchymal' and 'amoeboid', with possible transitions between these modes. Here we show that the SCN4B gene, encoding for the β4 protein, initially characterized as an auxiliary subunit of voltage-gated sodium channels (NaV) in excitable tissues, is expressed in normal epithelial cells and that reduced β4 protein levels in breast cancer biopsies correlate with high-grade primary and metastatic tumours...
December 5, 2016: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863122/modeling-signaling-and-cytoskeleton-dynamics-integrated-modeling-experimental-frameworks-in-cell-migration
#10
REVIEW
Meng Sun, Muhammad H Zaman
Cell migration is a complex and multistep process involved in homeostasis maintenance, morphogenesis, and disease development, such as cancer metastasis. Modeling cell migration and the relevant cytoskeleton dynamics have profound implications for studying fundamental development and disease diagnosis. This review focuses on some recent models of both cell migration and migration-related cytoskeleton dynamics, addressing issues such as the difference between amoeboid and mesenchymal migration modes, and between single-cell migration and collective cell migration...
January 2017: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Systems Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790861/the-role-of-filgap-a-rac-specific-rho-gtpase-activating-protein-in-tumor-progression-and-behavior-of-astrocytomas
#11
Atsuko Hara, Miki Hashimura, Koji Tsutsumi, Masashi Akiya, Madoka Inukai, Yasutaka Ohta, Makoto Saegusa
FilGAP, a Rac-specific Rho-GTPase-activating protein (GAP), acts as a mediator of Rho/ROCK-dependent amoeboid movement, and its knockdown results in Rac-driven mesenchymal morphology. Herein, we focused on the possible roles of FilGAP expression in astrocytomas. In clinical samples, FilGAP expression was significantly increased in grade (G) II astrocytomas as compared to normal astrocytes, but its expression strongly decreased in a grade-dependent manner, and was positively associated with isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) mutations and inversely to cytoplasmic Rac1...
December 2016: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754741/arf6-and-its-zeb1-epb41l5-mesenchymal-axis-are-required-for-both-mesenchymal-and-amoeboid-type-invasion-of-cancer-cells
#12
Haruka Handa, Ari Hashimoto, Shigeru Hashimoto, Hisataka Sabe
Modes of cancer invasion interchange between the mesenchymal type and amoeboid type in response to the microenvironment, in which RhoA and Rac1 are selectively required to perform different modes of actin-cytoskeletal remodeling. Membrane remodeling is another integral part of invasion. Arf6 regulates the recycling of molecules at the cell periphery, and is often overexpressed in malignant cancers together with its effector AMAP1/ASAP1/DDEF1. This pathway promotes mesenchymal-type invasion when AMAP1 binds to EPB41L5, a mesenchymal-specific protein induced by ZEB1...
October 18, 2016: Small GTPases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708764/comparison-of-cell-migration-mechanical-strategies-in-three-dimensional-matrices-a-computational-study
#13
Jie Zhu, Alex Mogilner
Cell migration on a two-dimensional flat surface has been extensively studied and is generally characterized by a front-protrusion-rear-contraction process. In a three-dimensional (3D) environment, on the other hand, cells adopt multiple migration strategies depending on the cell type and the properties of the extracellular matrix (ECM). By using computer simulations, we find that these migration strategies can be classified by various spatial-temporal dynamics of actin protrusion, actin-myosin contraction and actin-ECM adhesion...
October 6, 2016: Interface Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637266/localized-translation-regulates-cell-adhesion-and-transendothelial-migration
#14
Jonathan Bergeman, Alexia Caillier, François Houle, Laurence M Gagné, Marc-Étienne Huot
Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a process by which cancer cells gain the ability to leave the primary tumor site and invade surrounding tissues. These metastatic cancer cells can further increase their plasticity by adopting an amoeboid-like morphology, by undergoing mesenchymal-to-amoeboid transition (MAT). We found that adhering cells produce spreading initiation centers (SICs), transient structures that are localized above nascent adhesion complexes, and share common biological and morphological characteristics associated with amoeboid cells...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27469496/actin-filament-structures-in-migrating-cells
#15
Jaakko Lehtimäki, Markku Hakala, Pekka Lappalainen
Cell migration is necessary for several developmental processes in multicellular organisms. Furthermore, many physiological processes such as wound healing and immunological events in adult animals are dependent on cell migration. Consequently, defects in cell migration are linked to various diseases including immunological disorders as well as cancer progression and metastasis formation. Cell migration is driven by specific protrusive and contractile actin filament structures, but the types and relative contributions of these actin filament arrays vary depending on the cell type and the environment of the cell...
2017: Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27405273/clathrin-regulates-lymphocyte-migration-by-driving-actin-accumulation-at-the-cellular-leading-edge
#16
Guillermo Ramírez-Santiago, Javier Robles-Valero, Giulia Morlino, Aranzazu Cruz-Adalia, Manuel Pérez-Martínez, Airen Zaldivar, Mónica Torres-Torresano, Francisco Javier Chichón, Andrea Sorrentino, Eva Pereiro, José L Carrascosa, Diego Megías, Carlos Oscar S Sorzano, Francisco Sánchez-Madrid, Esteban Veiga
Lymphocyte migration, which is essential for effective immune responses, belongs to the so-called amoeboid migration. The lymphocyte migration is up to 100 times faster than between mesenchymal and epithelial cell types. Migrating lymphocytes are highly polarized in three well-defined structural and functional zones: uropod, medial zone, and leading edge (LE). The actiomyosin-dependent driving force moves forward the uropod, whereas massive actin rearrangements protruding the cell membrane are observed at the LE...
October 2016: European Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27402962/twist1-positive-epithelial-cells-retain-adhesive-and-proliferative-capacity-throughout-dissemination
#17
Eliah R Shamir, Kester Coutinho, Dan Georgess, Manfred Auer, Andrew J Ewald
Dissemination is the process by which cells detach and migrate away from a multicellular tissue. The epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) conceptualizes dissemination in a stepwise fashion, with downregulation of E-cadherin leading to loss of intercellular junctions, induction of motility, and then escape from the epithelium. This gain of migratory activity is proposed to be mutually exclusive with proliferation. We previously developed a dissemination assay based on inducible expression of the transcription factor Twist1 and here utilize it to characterize the timing and dynamics of intercellular adhesion, proliferation and migration during dissemination...
September 15, 2016: Biology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27347214/snail-levels-control-the-migration-mechanism-of-mesenchymal-tumor-cells
#18
Cristina Belgiovine, Giulio Chiesa, Ilaria Chiodi, Roberta Frapolli, Katiuscia Bonezzi, Giulia Taraboletti, Maurizio D'Incalci, Chiara Mondello
Cancer cells use two major types of movement: Mesenchymal, which is typical of cells of mesenchymal origin and depends on matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity, and amoeboid, which is characteristic of cells with a rounded shape and relies on the activity of Rho-associated kinase (ROCK). The present authors previously demonstrated that, during neoplastic transformation, telomerase-immortalized human fibroblasts (cen3tel cells) acquired a ROCK-dependent/MMP independent mechanism of invasion, mediated by the downregulation of the ROCK cellular inhibitor Round (Rnd)3/RhoE...
July 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27015526/modeling-the-excess-cell-surface-stored-in-a-complex-morphology-of-bleb-like-protrusions
#19
Maryna Kapustina, Denis Tsygankov, Jia Zhao, Timothy Wessler, Xiaofeng Yang, Alex Chen, Nathan Roach, Timothy C Elston, Qi Wang, Ken Jacobson, M Gregory Forest
Cells transition from spread to rounded morphologies in diverse physiological contexts including mitosis and mesenchymal-to-amoeboid transitions. When these drastic shape changes occur rapidly, cell volume and surface area are approximately conserved. Consequently, the rounded cells are suddenly presented with a several-fold excess of cell surface whose area far exceeds that of a smooth sphere enclosing the cell volume. This excess is stored in a population of bleb-like protrusions (BLiPs), whose size distribution is shown by electron micrographs to be skewed...
March 2016: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26968831/selective-isolation-and-characterization-of-primary-cells-from-normal-breast-and-tumors-reveal-plasticity-of-adipose-derived-stem-cells
#20
Annika Weigand, Anja M Boos, Kereshmeh Tasbihi, Justus P Beier, Paul D Dalton, Michael Schrauder, Raymund E Horch, Matthias W Beckmann, Pamela L Strissel, Reiner Strick
BACKGROUND: There is a need to establish more cell lines from breast tumors in contrast to immortalized cell lines from metastatic effusions in order to represent the primary tumor and not principally metastatic biology of breast cancer. This investigation describes the simultaneous isolation, characterization, growth and function of primary mammary epithelial cells (MEC), mesenchymal cells (MES) and adipose derived stem cells (ADSC) from four normal breasts, one inflammatory and one triple-negative ductal breast tumors...
March 12, 2016: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
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