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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933574/-long-term-hrv-analysis-shows-stress-reduction-by-magnesium-intake
#1
Elmar Wienecke, Claudia Nolden
BACKGROUND: Mental pressure and stress represent an ever-increasing socio-political challenge. The heart rate variability (HRV) measurement, which has its origin in the cardiac function diagnosis, gives information on the neurovegetative activity. A low HRV shows an imbalance of the sympathetic and parasympathetic efferents and thus is an indicator of stress. METHOD: A randomized, controlled, two-armed parallel study with 100 participants and a period of 90 days was performed...
December 2016: MMW Fortschritte der Medizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933543/integrative-analysis-of-genetic-genomic-and-phenotypic-data-for-ethanol-behaviors-a-network-based-pipeline-for-identifying-mechanisms-and-potential-drug-targets
#2
James W Bogenpohl, Kristin M Mignogna, Maren L Smith, Michael F Miles
Complex behavioral traits, such as alcohol abuse, are caused by an interplay of genetic and environmental factors, producing deleterious functional adaptations in the central nervous system. The long-term behavioral consequences of such changes are of substantial cost to both the individual and society. Substantial progress has been made in the last two decades in understanding elements of brain mechanisms underlying responses to ethanol in animal models and risk factors for alcohol use disorder (AUD) in humans...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933540/systems-genetics-of-obesity
#3
Gudrun A Brockmann, Danny Arends, Sebastian Heise, Ayca Dogan
Obesity is a complex trait, determined by many genes and influenced by environmental factors. Mapping genomic loci contributing to obesity helps to identify gene variants responsible for differences in the phenotype. However, measuring fat content alone is often not sufficient to identify the underlying gene or genes. Besides in-depth phenotyping, well-designed genetic populations and the combined analysis of data of different origins are necessary to detect one of several genetic determinants. Structured mouse populations and linking information from different experiments help to simplify the complexity in the search for direct genetic effects or factors that are hidden in the genome...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933531/using-baseline-transcriptional-connectomes-in-rat-to-identify-genetic-pathways-associated-with-predisposition-to-complex-traits
#4
Laura Saba, Paula Hoffman, Boris Tabakoff
Although rat is a critical model organism in preclinical medications development, its use in systems genetics studies remains sparse. The PhenoGen database and website contain detailed information on the qualitative and quantitative aspects of the rat brain, liver, heart, and brown adipose transcriptome. This database has been generated using the HXB/BXH recombinant inbred panel and is being expanded to a hybrid rat diversity panel that includes many common inbred strains as well. By using such a panel, the PhenoGen project has created a renewable and cumulative resource for the rat genomics community...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933530/visualization-of-results-from-systems-genetics-studies-in-chromosomal-context
#5
Karen Y Oróstica, Ricardo A Verdugo
This chapter describes methods currently available for visualizing results from systems genetics experiments. Here, we abstract from the statistical methods used for genetic mapping, which are dependent on the specific resource being used, i.e. F2, RILs, or outbred populations among others. We use a public dataset with results from a mouse eQTL experiment for three examples of visualization: genome-wide dot plots of marker-by-gene association, karyotype-like plots, and circos plots. Dot plots give a first overview of the results from eQTL mapping, allowing detecting genome-wide patterns of cis- and trans-genetic association to transcription level...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933518/resources-for-systems-genetics
#6
Robert W Williams, Evan G Williams
A key characteristic of systems genetics is its reliance on populations that vary to a greater or lesser degree in genetic complexity-from highly admixed populations such as the Collaborative Cross and Diversity Outcross to relatively simple crosses such as sets of consomic strains and reduced complexity crosses. This protocol is intended to help investigators make more informed decisions about choices of resources given different types of questions. We consider factors such as costs, availability, and ease of breeding for common scenarios...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933487/evaluation-of-standardized-triple-intrathecal-therapy-toxicity-in-oncohematological-pediatric-patients
#7
Raquel Olmos-Jiménez, María Sacramento Díaz-Carrasco, Ana Galera-Miñarro, Juan Francisco Pascual-Gazquez, Alberto Espuny-Miró
Background The administration of triple intrathecal therapy with methotrexate, cytarabine and a corticosteroid for the prophylaxis and treatment of neoplastic cell infiltration in the central nervous system in hematological malignancies is a widespread practice. There is limited information available about its toxicity profile. Several factors related to intrathecal preparation can affect toxicity. Thus, it was decided to standardize intrathecal chemotherapy, trying to obtain the best toxicity profile. Objective To assess the toxicity of a standardized triple intrathecal chemotherapy in oncohematological pediatric patients and to establish risk factors of toxicity...
December 8, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933420/comparative-simulation-study-of-chemical-synthesis-of-functional-dadne-material
#8
Min Hsien Liu, Chuan Wen Liu
Amorphous molecular simulation to model the reaction species in the synthesis of chemically inert and energetic 1,1-diamino-2,2-dinitroethene (DADNE) explosive material was performed in this work. Nitromethane was selected as the starting reactant to undergo halogenation, nitration, deprotonation, intermolecular condensation, and dehydration to produce the target DADNE product. The Materials Studio (MS) forcite program allowed fast energy calculations and reliable geometric optimization of all aqueous molecular reaction systems (0...
January 2017: Journal of Molecular Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933419/evaluating-frontier-orbital-energy-and-homo-lumo-gap-with-descriptors-from-density-functional-reactivity-theory
#9
Ying Huang, Chunying Rong, Ruiqin Zhang, Shubin Liu
Wave function theory (WFT) and density functional theory (DFT)-the two most popular solutions to electronic structure problems of atoms and molecules-share the same origin, dealing with the same subject yet using distinct methodologies. For example, molecular orbitals are artifacts in WFT, whereas in DFT, electron density plays the dominant role. One question that needs to be addressed when using these approaches to appreciate properties related to molecular structure and reactivity is if there is any link between the two...
January 2017: Journal of Molecular Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933383/the-burden-of-rotator-cuff-surgery-in-italy-a-nationwide-registry-study
#10
Umile Giuseppe Longo, Giuseppe Salvatore, Giacomo Rizzello, Alessandra Berton, Mauro Ciuffreda, Vincenzo Candela, Vincenzo Denaro
PURPOSE: This study aimed to estimate the yearly number of RC surgeries in Italy, a country with universal access to healthcare for its population, from 2001 to 2014, based on official information source as hospitalization records. A secondary aim was to explore geographical variation in equity in access to RC surgery between three macroregions of Italy (North, Center and South). A tertiary aim was to perform statistical projections of the number of RC procedure volumes and rates on the basis of data from 2001 to 2014...
December 8, 2016: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933255/dynamic-loading-and-kinematics-analysis-of-vertical-jump-based-on-different-forefoot-morphology
#11
Yang Shu, Yan Zhang, Lin Fu, Gusztáv Fekete, Julien S Baker, Jianshe Li, Yaodong Gu
PURPOSE: This study examined differences in ankle motion and plantar pressure between habitually barefoot male (HBM) and habitually shod male (HSM) during vertical jump. METHODS: Eighteen habitually barefoot males and twenty habitually shod males volunteered to join the test. Distance between hallux and second toe was measured with Easy-Foot-Scan. Plantar pressure and ankle kinematics were measured with EMED force platform and Vicon motion analysis system respectively...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933004/policy-implications-of-achievement-testing-using-multilevel-models-the-case-of-brazilian-elementary-schools
#12
Igor G Menezes, Victor R Duran, Euclides J Mendonça Filho, Tainã J Veloso, Stella M S Sarmento, Christine L Paget, Kai Ruggeri
Large-scale educational assessment has been established as source of descriptive, evaluative and interpretative information that influence educational policies worldwide throughout the last third of the twentieth century. In the 1990s the Brazilian Ministry of Education developed the National Basic Education Assessment System (SAEB) that regularly measures management, resource and contextual school features and academic achievement in public and private institutions. In 2005, after significant piloting and review of the SAEB, a new sampling strategy was taken and Prova Brasil became the new instrument used by the Ministry to assess skills in Portuguese (reading comprehension) and Mathematics (problem solving), as well as collecting contextual information concerning the school, principal, teacher, and the students...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932968/neurobiology-of-anorexia-nervosa-serotonin-dysfunctions-link-self-starvation-with-body-image-disturbances-through-an-impaired-body-memory
#13
REVIEW
Giuseppe Riva
The etiology of anorexia nervosa (AN) is still unclear, despite that it is a critical and potentially mortal illness. A recent neurobiological model considers AN as the outcome of dysfunctions in the neuronal processes related to appetite and emotionality (Kaye et al., 2009, 2013). However, this model still is not able to answer a critical question: What is behind body image disturbances (BIDs) in AN? The article starts its analysis from reviewing some of the studies exploring the effects of the serotonin systems in memory (episodic, working, and spatial) and its dysfunctions...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932926/a-dataset-of-fishes-in-and-around-inle-lake-an-ancient-lake-of-myanmar-with-dna-barcoding-photo-images-and-ct-3d-models
#14
Yuichi Kano, Prachya Musikasinthorn, Akihisa Iwata, Sein Tun, Lkc Yun, Seint Seint Win, Shoko Matsui, Ryoichi Tabata, Takeshi Yamasaki, Katsutoshi Watanabe
BACKGROUND: Inle (Inlay) Lake, an ancient lake of Southeast Asia, is located at the eastern part of Myanmar, surrounded by the Shan Mountains. Detailed information on fish fauna in and around the lake has long been unknown, although its outstanding endemism was reported a century ago. NEW INFORMATION: Based on the fish specimens collected from markets, rivers, swamps, ponds and ditches around Inle Lake as well as from the lake itself from 2014 to 2016, we recorded a total of 948 occurrence data (2120 individuals), belonging to 10 orders, 19 families, 39 genera and 49 species...
2016: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932912/mysida-and-lophogastrida-of-greece-a-preliminary-checklist
#15
Panayota Koulouri, Vasilis Gerovasileiou, Nicolas Bailly
BACKGROUND: The checklist of Mysida and Lophogastrida of Greece was created within the framework of the Greek Taxon Information System (GTIS), which is one of the applications of the LifeWatchGreece Research Infrastructure (ESFRI) resuming efforts to develop a complete checklist of species recorded and reported from Greek waters. The objectives of the present study were to update and cross-check taxonomically all records of Mysida and Lophogastrida species known to occur in Greek waters in order to search for inaccuracies and omissions...
2016: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932910/ascidiacea-chordata-tunicata-of-greece-an-updated-checklist
#16
Chryssanthi Antoniadou, Vasilis Gerovasileiou, Nicolas Bailly
BACKGROUND: The checklist of the ascidian fauna (Tunicata: Ascidiacea) of Greece was compiled within the framework of the Greek Taxon Information System (GTIS), an application of the LifeWatchGreece Research Infrastructure (ESFRI) aiming to produce a complete checklist of species recorded from Greece. This checklist was constructed by updating an existing one with the inclusion of recently published records. All the reported species from Greek waters were taxonomically revised and cross-checked with the Ascidiacea World Database...
2016: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932905/macrofaunal-assemblages-associated-with-the-sponge-sarcotragus-foetidus-schmidt-1862-porifera-demospongiae-at-the-coasts-of-cyprus-and-greece
#17
Christina Pavloudi, Magdalini Christodoulou, Michalis Mavidis
BACKGROUND: This paper describes a dataset of macrofaunal organisms associated with the sponge Sarcotragus foetidus Schmidt, 1862, collected by scuba diving from two sampling sites: one in Greece (North Aegean Sea) and one in Cyprus (Levantine Sea). NEW INFORMATION: This dataset includes macrofaunal taxa inhabiting the demosponge Sarcotragus foetidus and contributes to the ongoing efforts of the Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) which aims at filling the gaps in our current knowledge of the world's oceans...
2016: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932904/brachiopoda-of-greece-an-annotated-checklist
#18
Vasilis Gerovasileiou, Nicolas Bailly
BACKGROUND: Until today, only scattered species records of Brachiopoda from Greece have been included in publications on the Mediterranean brachiopod fauna. These records were mostly based on material collected during marine expeditions in the eastern Mediterranean decades ago, while few recent additional records appear in ecological studies. The aim of this paper was to give the first checklist of brachiopod species of Greece, in the framework of the Greek Taxon Information System (GTIS) initiative of the LifeWatchGreece Research Infrastructure (ESFRI), by reviewing the existing literature...
2016: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932903/porifera-of-greece-an-updated-checklist
#19
Eleni Voultsiadou, Vasilis Gerovasileiou, Nicolas Bailly
BACKGROUND: The checklist of Porifera of Greece was created in the framework of the Greek Taxon Information System (GTIS), an initiative of the LifeWatchGreece Research Infrastructure (ESFRI) that has resumed efforts to compile a complete checklist of species recorded from Greece. An updated checklist of Porifera was created on the basis of a list of the Aegean Demospongiae and Homoscleromorpha published one decade ago. All records of species known to occur in Greek waters were taxonomically validated and cross-checked for possible inaccuracies and omissions...
2016: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932902/introduction-to-the-greek-taxon-information-system-gtis-in-lifewatchgreece-the-construction-of-the-preliminary-checklists-of-species-of-greece
#20
Nicolas Bailly, Vasilis Gerovasileiou, Christos Arvanitidis, Anastasios Legakis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Biodiversity Data Journal
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