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Pediatric allergy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141316/-a-clinical-analysis-of-micafungin-treatment-of-pulmonary-invasive-fungal-infection-in-pediatric-patients-with-acute-leukemia-or-post-hematopoietic-stem-cells-transplantation
#1
K Huang, K Y Qiu, L L Deng, J P Fang, Y Li, H X Guo, D H Zhou
Objective: To investigate the efficacy and safety of micafungin (MCF) for pulmonary invasive fungal disease (PIFD) in pediatric patients with acute leukemia or post hematopoietic stem cells transplantation. Method: Twenty-five neutropenic PIFD children with acute leukemia or post hematopoietic stem cells transplantation in Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University were selected from January 2012 to June 2015, including 12 males and 13 females, age range 2-15 (average 6.2±2.0) years. There were 12 cases of acute leukemia (AL) after chemotherapy, 4 cases of acute leukemia (AL) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) and 9 cases of β-thalassemia major after allo-HSCT...
November 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133072/treatment-of-pediatric-black-widow-spider-envenomation-a-national-poison-center-s-experience
#2
Miguel Glatstein, Gary Carbell, Dennis Scolnik, Ayelet Rimon, Christopher Hoyte
BACKGROUND: Black widow species (Latrodectus species) envenomation can produce a syndrome characterized by painful muscle rigidity and autonomic disturbances. Symptoms tend to be more severe in young children and adults. We describe black widow spider exposures and treatment in the pediatric age group, and investigate reasons for not using antivenom in severe cases. METHODS: All black widow exposures reported to the Rocky Mountain Poison Center between January 1, 2012, and December 31, 2015, were reviewed...
November 6, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129884/-japanese-pediatric-guideline-for-food-allergy-2016-dietary-instruction-and-oral-immunotherapy
#3
Komei Ito
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Arerugī, [Allergy]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106860/evaluating-the-sinus-and-nasal-quality-of-life-survey-in-the-pediatric-cystic-fibrosis-patient-population
#4
Deborah X Xie, Jeffanie Wu, Katherine Kelly, Rebekah F Brown, Chevis Shannon, Frank W Virgin
INTRODUCTION: The Sinus and Nasal Quality of Life Survey (SN-5) is a validated quality of life (QOL) questionnaire for chronic rhinosinusitis in patients age 2-12. Its utility in the cystic fibrosis (CF) has been studied, but not yet validated. The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of the SN-5 for evaluation of sinonasal symptoms in the pediatric CF population. METHODS: This retrospective study analyzed SN-5 surveys completed between 2012 and 2015 by pediatric CF patients and caregivers...
November 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106306/assessing-the-value-of-the-meaningful-use-clinical-summary-for-patients-and-families-with-pediatric-asthma
#5
Karen Colorafi, Lee Moua, Michele Shaw, David Ricker, Julie Postma
Electronic clinical summaries are innovations supported by the Electronic Health Record Incentive Program, known as "Meaningful Use" (MU). The MU clinical summary documents the shared understanding of the plan of care for patients and assists families in managing asthma-related health care. The purpose of this analysis was to identify the communicative value of the summaries to patients and families. Readability measurements, content analysis, and descriptive statistics were employed in a review of twenty clinical summaries and compared with provider encounter notes...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098994/correlation-of-cutaneous-sensitivity-and-cytokine-response-in-children-with-asthma
#6
Meenu Singh, Amit Agarwal, Bishnupada Chatterjee, Anil Chauhan, Rashmi Ranjan Das, Nandini Paul
BACKGROUND: Food allergy occurs in a significant portion of pediatric asthma. Various cells and their mediators/cytokines play a pivotal role in orchestrating the airway inflammatory response in asthma. OBJECTIVE: To study the cutaneous hypersensitivity, Th1, Th2, and Th17 response of pediatric population with asthma and genetic predisposition to atopy, by determining total immunoglobulin E (IgE) level in response to various food allergens. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty asthmatic children with a history of worsening symptoms by various food allergens (study group) and twenty healthy children (control group) were included...
November 2017: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094518/disparities-in-rate-triggers-and-management-in-pediatric-and-adult-cases-of-suspected-drug-induced-anaphylaxis-in-canada
#7
REVIEW
Sofianne Gabrielli, Ann E Clarke, Harley Eisman, Judy Morris, Lawrence Joseph, Sebastien La Vieille, Peter Small, Rodrick Lim, Paul Enarson, Michal Zelcer, Edmond S Chan, Chris Mill, Moshe Ben-Shoshan
INTRODUCTION: Data is sparse on drug-induced anaphylaxis (DIA) and there have not been studies assessing the differences in clinical characteristics and management of DIA between adults and children. OBJECTIVE: We assessed the percentage, diagnosis, and management of DIA among all anaphylaxis visits in three pediatric and one adult emergency departments (ED) across Canada. METHODS: Children presenting to the Montreal Children's Hospital (MCH), British Columbia Children's Hospital (BCCH), and Children's Hospital at London Health Sciences Center and adults presenting to Hôpital du Sacré-Coeur with anaphylaxis were recruited as part of the Cross-Canada Anaphylaxis Registry...
November 1, 2017: Immunity, Inflammation and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089738/spectrum-of-eye-disorders-seen-in-a-pediatric-eye-clinic-south-east-nigeria
#8
Eberechukwu O Achigbu, Ngozi C Oguego, Kingsley Achigbu
PURPOSE: This study aims to determine the prevalence, pattern, and time of presentation for the ocular disorders seen among children attending a pediatric eye clinic in Nigeria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review of all first-time patients at a pediatric eye clinic, within 2005-2007 was carried out. Data on cohort demographics, duration of illness before the presentation, and types of ocular disorders were collected and analyzed. Statistical significance was indicated by P < 0...
July 2017: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068090/early-introduction-of-allergenic-foods-for-the-prevention-of-food-allergy-from-an-asian-perspective-an-apapari-consensus-statement
#9
REVIEW
E H Tham, L P Shek, H P Van Bever, P Vichyanond, M Ebisawa, G W K Wong, B W Lee
Emerging evidence for the early introduction of allergenic foods for the prevention of food allergies, such as peanut allergy in Western populations, has led to the recent publication of guidelines in the US and Europe recommending early peanut introduction for high-risk infants with severe eczema or egg allergy. Peanut allergy is, however, much less prevalent in Asia compared to the West. Varying patterns of food allergy are seen even within Asian countries - such as a predominance of wheat allergy in Japan and Thailand and shellfish allergy in Singapore and the Philippines...
October 25, 2017: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067711/food-allergy-in-eaaci-journals-2016
#10
REVIEW
Ulrich Wahn, Paolo M Matricardi, Thomas Bieber, Jean Bousquet, Clive Grattan, Hans-Uwe Simon, Antonella Muraro, Ioana Agache
The European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (EAACI) owns three journals: Allergy, Pediatric Allergy and Immunology and Clinical and Translational Allergy. One of the major goals of EAACI is to understand and better manage food allergy, and to disseminate the knowledge of allergy to all stakeholders including the EAACI junior members (1). The European Symposium on Precision Medicine in Allergy and Airways Diseases at the European Union Parliament (October 14, 2015) stressed that the socioeconomic impact of food allergy (2)...
October 25, 2017: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059642/diagnostic-algorithm-and-peculiarities-of-monitoring-for-infants-with-disorders-of-the-gastrointestinal-tract
#11
Tetyana O Kryuchko, Inna M Nesina, Olha Ya Tkachenko
INTRODUCTION: The most common medical conditions in infants, which belong to pediatric and gastroenterological disease areas, are functional gastrointestinal disorders, food hypersensitivity and food allergy. First of all, these symptoms can disguise lactase deficiency, cow's milk protein allergy, eosinophilic gastroenteritis, allergic proctocolitis, gastrointestinal manifestations of atopic dermatitis, functional disorders of gastrointestinal and biliary tract, etc. The aim of our study was to develop an algorithm of monitoring for infants with disorders of the gastrointestinal tract and to study the efficacy of probiotic and enzyme replacement therapy...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055045/diagnostic-relevance-of-ige-sensitization-profiles-to-eight-recombinant-phleum-pratense-molecules
#12
Francesca Cipriani, Carla Mastrorilli, Salvatore Tripodi, Giampaolo Ricci, Serena Perna, Valentina Panetta, Riccardo Asero, Arianna Dondi, Annamaria Bianchi, Nunzia Maiello, Michele Miraglia Del Giudice, Tullio Frediani, Francesco Macrì, Sandra Lucarelli, Iride Dello Iacono, Maria Francesca Patria, Elena Varin, Diego Peroni, Loredana Chini, Viviana Moschese, Roberto Bernardini, Giuseppe Pingitore, Umberto Pelosi, Mariangela Tosca, Francesco Paravati, Ifigenia Sfika, Andrea Di Rienzo Businco, Calotta Povesi Dascola, Pasquale Comberiati, Simone Frediani, Caterina Lambiase, Maria Carmen Verga, Diego Faggian, Mario Plebani, Mauro Calvani, Carlo Caffarelli, Paolo Maria Matricardi
BACKGROUND: Grass pollen-related seasonal allergic rhinoconjunctivitis (SARg) is clinically heterogeneous in severity, comorbidities and response to treatment. The component-resolved diagnostics disclosed also a high heterogeneity at molecular level. Our study aimed at analyzing the characteristics of the IgE sensitization to Phleum pratense molecules and investigating the diagnostic relevance of such molecules in childhood. METHODS: We examined 1120 children (age 4-18y) with SARg...
October 20, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048383/is-there-a-causal-relationship-between-intussusception-and-food-allergy
#13
Emrah Aydin, Omer F Beşer, Esra Ozek, Soner Sazak, Ensar Duras
Although intussusception and food allergy are common health problems in childhood, the relation between these two diseases remain obscure. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between food allergy and intussusception, and the factors associated with both. Patients diagnosed with intussusception by the Brighton Collaboration Intussusception Working Group criteria were prospectively investigated for food allergy per the European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) Guideline...
October 19, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047174/pediatric-allergy-and-immunology-in-china
#14
REVIEW
Gary Wk Wong, Jing Li, Yi-Xiao Bao, Jiu-Yao Wang, Ting Fan Leung, Luan-Luan Li, Jie Shao, Xin-Yuan Huang, En-Mei Liu, Shen Kun-Ling, Chen Yu-Zhi
Over the past thirty years, China has enjoyed rapid economic development along with urbanization at a massive scale that the world has not experienced before. Such development has also been associated with a rapid rise in the prevalence of allergic disorders. Because of the large childhood population in the country, the burden of childhood allergic disorders has become one of the major challenges in the health care system. Among the Chinese centers participating in the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood clearly, the data showed a continuing rise in the prevalence of asthma, allergic rhinitis and atopic eczema...
October 19, 2017: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035883/association-between-allergies-and-hypercholesterolemia-a-systematic-review
#15
Sara Manti, Caterina Cuppari, Lucia Marseglia, Gabriella D'Angelo, Teresa Arrigo, Eloisa Gitto, Salvatore Leonardi, Carmelo Salpietro
BACKGROUND: There is controversy in the literature regarding the potential relationship between atopic predisposition (AP) and serum cholesterol levels. To this purpose, we reviewed human studies that investigated this possible link. METHODS: Following PRISMA guidelines, a literature search of PubMed and Science Direct for peer-reviewed journal articles in English from January 2003, with updates through to August 2016, was conducted. Relevant publications were reviewed that included pediatric and adult populations...
2017: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025431/specific-ige-and-skin-prick-tests-to-diagnose-allergy-to-fresh-and-baked-cow-s-milk-according-to-age-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Barbara Cuomo, Giovanni Cosimo Indirli, Annamaria Bianchi, Stefania Arasi, Davide Caimmi, Arianna Dondi, Stefania La Grutta, Valentina Panetta, Maria Carmen Verga, Mauro Calvani
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of IgE-mediated cow's milk allergy is often based on anamnesis, and on specific IgE (sIgE) levels and/or Skin Prick Tests (SPT), which have both a good sensitivity but a low specificity, often causing positive results in non-allergic subjects. Thus, oral food challenge is still the gold standard test for diagnosis, though being expensive, time-consuming and possibly at risk for severe allergic reactions. AIM: The aim of the present study was to perform a systematic review of the studies that have so far analyzed the positive predictive values for sIgE and SPT in the diagnosis of allergy to fresh and baked cow's milk according to age, and to identify possible cut-offs that may be useful in clinical practice...
October 12, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018501/quality-of-life-in-pediatric-patients-with-allergic-rhinitis-treated-at-the-medical-clinic-of-integrated-education-unisul
#17
Mariana Dziekanski, Taíse de Freitas Marcelino
Introduction  Allergic rhinitis is a common disease among children and adolescents, reaching up to 40% of the population. During childhood, it is usually underdiagnosed because it has nonspecific symptoms. It has a negative impact on quality of life and may predispose to comorbidities. The diagnosis is clinical and treatment aims prevention. Objective  The objective of this study is to evaluate the quality of life in pediatric patients with allergic rhinitis. Methods This is an observational study with cross-sectional design...
October 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992290/invasive-fungal-disease-in-pediatric-solid-organ-transplant-recipients
#18
Shikha Saxena, Jerica Gee, Sarah Klieger, Adriana Kajon, Hans Petersen, Theoklis Zaoutis, Brian Fisher
Background: Solid organ transplant (SOT) recipients are at risk for invasive fungal disease (IFD). Data on IFD burden in pediatric patients are limited. We aimed to determine the incidence and outcome of IFD in a large cohort of pediatric patients who underwent SOT. Methods: A single-center cohort of pediatric patients who underwent SOT between 2000 and 2013 was assembled retrospectively. The patients were followed for 180 days after transplant or until death to determine the presence or absence of IFD...
June 15, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992111/refractory-pseudomonas-bacteremia-in-a-2-year-old-sterilized-by-bacteriophage-therapy
#19
C Duplessis, B Biswas, B Hanisch, M Perkins, M Henry, J Quinones, D Wolfe, L Estrella, T Hamilton
Here, we report a complex case that involved a pediatric patient who experienced recalcitrant multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection complicated by bacteremia/sepsis; our antibacterial options were limited because of resistance, allergies, and suboptimal source control. A cocktail of 2 bacteriophages targeting the infectious organism introduced on 2 separate occasions sterilized the bacteremia.
July 22, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968008/-profile-of-gastrointestinal-diseases-in-a-pediatric-gastroenterology-center-in-colombia-15-years-of-follow-up
#20
Wilson Daza, Silvana Dadan, Michelle Higuera
INTRODUCTION: The profile of gastrointestinal diseases is constantly changing globally and locally affecting suspected diagnosis and medical methods. OBJECTIVE: To establish the main diagnoses in a gastroenterology, hepatology, and pediatric nutrition unit in Bogota between 2009 and 2013, and to compare with findings from the same unit during the two prior five-year periods (1997 to 2006). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective descriptive study...
September 1, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
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