Read by QxMD icon Read


Yichun Sun, Baimei Li, Xiaoting Lin, Juan Xue, Zhibin Wang, Hongwei Zhang, Hai Jiang, Qiuhong Wang, Haixue Kuang
INTRODUCTION: Aralia elata leaves are known to have several biological activities, including anti-arrythmia, antitumor, anti-inflammatory, anti-fatigue, antimicrobial and antiviral effects. Our previous study found that triterpenoid saponins from the leaves of A. elata had antitumor effects. Quantification of the triterpenoids is important for the quality control of A. elata leaves. OBJECTIVE: To establish high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with evaporative light scattering detection (HPLC-ELSD) for the simultaneous determination of four major triterpenoid saponins, including Aralia-saponin IV, Aralia-saponin VI, 3-O-β-d- glucopyranosyl-(1 → 3)-β-d-glucopyranosyl-(1 → 3)-β-d-glucopyranosyl oleanolic acid 28-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (Aralia-saponin TTP)and Aralia-saponin V...
January 10, 2017: Phytochemical Analysis: PCA
Renata Pomahačová, Jana Zamboryová, Josef Sýkora, Petra Paterová, Karel Fiklík, Tomáš Votava, Zdeňka Černá, Petr Jehlička, Václav Lád, Ivan Šubrt, Jiří Dort, Eva Dortová
Thiamine-responsive megaloblastic anemia (TRMA) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in the SLC19A2 gene. To date at least 43 mutations have been reported for the gene encoding a plasma membrane thiamine transporter protein (THTR-1). TRMA has been reported in less than 80 cases worldwide. Here, we illustrate 2 female patients with TRMA first diagnosed in the Czech Republic and in central Europe being confirmed by sequencing of the THTR-1 gene SLC19A2. Both subjects are compound heterozygotes with 3 different mutations in the SLC19A2 gene...
December 22, 2016: Pediatric Diabetes
Megan Daniel, Samantha Gee, Michael Becknell, Jill Fitch, Glenn Burns, Richard Fernandez, Mark Hall, Hannah Hays
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
Karolina Adamczyk, Beata Średniawa, Katarzyna Mitręga, Stanisław Morawski, Agata Musialik-Łydka, Zbigniew Kalarus
Symptoms such as palpitations, fainting, dizziness and unexplained loss of consciousness are often notified by patients in clinical practice. Cardiological causes of these ailments could be various, inter alia, atriaventricular conduction disorders, supraventricular arrythmias or more life-threatening ventricular arrythmias. Diagnostics of these disorders includes a series of basic non-invasive research and more advanced specialistic methods. Presented case report shows problems of arrythmias diagnostics and imperfections of avaible methods...
September 29, 2016: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
John H Boyd, Demetrios Sirounis, Julien Maizel, Michel Slama
BACKGROUND: In critically ill patients at risk for organ failure, the administration of intravenous fluids has equal chances of resulting in benefit or harm. While the intent of intravenous fluid is to increase cardiac output and oxygen delivery, unwelcome results in those patients who do not increase their cardiac output are tissue edema, hypoxemia, and excess mortality. Here we briefly review bedside methods to assess fluid responsiveness, focusing upon the strengths and pitfalls of echocardiography in spontaneously breathing mechanically ventilated patients as a means to guide fluid management...
September 4, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Abhilasha Thanvi, Udita Naithani, Sneha Arun Betkekar, Devendra Verma, Basant Kumar Dindor
Acute hypocalcaemia is a medical emergency that can have catastrophic implications like tetany, seizures, cardiac arrythmias or laryngospasm if left untreated. We are presenting a case of a 30-year-old female patient undergoing total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral salpingoopherectomy under spinal anaesthesia. She developed unexpected bilateral carpal spasm intraoperatively which was promptly diagnosed and successfully managed with intravenous calcium administration. We conclude that the anaesthetist should be aware of the clinical presentation of acute hypocalcaemia, its causes and emergency management in the perioperative period to prevent any adverse outcomes...
January 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Silje Hugin, Egil Johnson, Hans-Olaf Johannessen, Bjørn Hofstad, Kjell Olafsen, Harald Mellem
INTRODUCTION: Myotonic dystrophies are inherited multisystemic diseases characterized by musculopathy, cardiac arrythmias and cognitive disorders. These patients are at increased risk for fatal post-surgical complications from pulmonary hypoventilation. We present a case with myotonic dystrophy and esophageal cancer who had a minimally invasive esophagectomy complicated with gastrobronchial fistulisation. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 44-year-old male with myotonic dystrophy type 1 and esophageal cancer had a minimally invasive esophagectomy performed instead of open surgery in order to reduce the risk for pulmonary complications...
2015: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Kanako Noritake, Toshihiko Aki, Takeshi Funakoshi, Kana Unuma, Koichi Uemura
Direct exposure of cardiomyocytes to ethanol causes cardiac damage such as cardiac arrythmias and apoptotic cell death. Cardiomyocytes are connected to each other through intercalated disks (ID), which are composed of a gap junction (GJ), adherens junction, and desmosome. Changes in the content as well as the subcellular localization of connexin43 (Cx43), the main component of the cardiac GJ, are reportedly involved in cardiac arrythmias and subsequent damage. Recently, the hippo-YAP signaling pathway, which links cellular physical status to cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis, has been implicated in cardiac homeostasis under physiological as well as pathological conditions...
2015: PloS One
Stéphane Manzo-Silberman
Palpitations: frequent reason for referral to a cardiologist. Arrythmia: rare, mostly benign. Premature extra-beats and sustained tachy-arrhythmias: more frequent or revealed during pregnancy. Hemodynamic changes in expectant women favor an environment conducive to arrhythmogenesis. AF and flutter: very rare unless structural heart disease or hyperthyroidism. Drugs: careful monitoring of the patient and dose adjustments. Cardioversion: only in case of severe symptoms or hemodynamically unstable.
July 2015: La Presse Médicale
Jharendra Rijal, Smith Giri, Sumesh Khanal, Khagendra Dahal
BACKGROUND: Brugada Syndrome (BS) is an inherited ion channelopathy characterized by an electrocardiographic (ECG) pattern of a coved type ST segment elevation in right precordial leads with or without right bundle branch block. CASE PRESENTATION: A 23-year old male presented with right lower quadrant abdominal pain. Further evaluation revealed a diagnosis of acute appendicitis. The patient developed a febrile episode on second post-operative day of laparoscopic appendectomy...
2015: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
Parminder S Chaggar, Steven M Shaw, Simon G Williams
BACKGROUND: Digoxin is the oldest known treatment for heart failure (HF) and has been demonstrated to reduce admissions for worsening heart failure in a large randomized trial recruiting patients in sinus rhythm with heart failure and ejection fraction <45%. This study forms the basis for current international guidelines recommending that digoxin should be considered in patients with symptomatic HF despite optimal doses of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin receptor blockers, β-blockers, and mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists in addition to device therapy, if indicated...
August 2015: Cardiovascular Therapeutics
Mishal Shah, Sanjeev Patni, Rajeev Bagarahatta
Central venous access devices are routinely used in oncology for delivering chemotherapy of which implantable chemoports are the most common. Spontaneous breakage and migration of the catheters is a very rare but known complication of the procedure. Patients will usually present with cardiac manifestations in form of chest pain or arrythmias. Herein we report a case of spontaneous breakage and cardiac migration in which the patient was asymptomatic. Patient was successfully managed by an interventional cardiologist...
December 2014: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
Kenneth P Chen, Joon Lee, Roger G Mark, Mengling Feng, Leo A Celi, Brian E Malley, John Danziger
Hypomagnesemia can lead to cardiac arrythmias. Recently, observational data have linked chronic proton pump inhibitor (PPI) exposure to hypomagnesemia. Whether PPI exposure increases the risk for arrhythmias has not been well studied. Using a large, single-center inception cohort of critically ill patients, we examined whether PPI exposure was associated with admission electrocardiogram readings of a cardiac arrhythmia in more than 8000 patients. There were 25.4% PPI users, whereas 6% were taking a histamine 2 antagonist...
July 2015: Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Kemal Karaagac, Ali Emul, Erhan Tenekecioglu, Fahriye Vatansever Agca, Ozlem Arican Ozluk, Ahmet Tutuncu, Osman Can Yontar, Mustafa Yilmaz
OBJECTIVE: T wave peak to T wave end (TpTe) interval and TpTe/QT have been accepted as predictors of ventricular arrythmia. In this study our aim is to investigate the effect of metabolic syndome on these parameters in patients with angiographically normal coronary arteries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty patients with metabolic syndrome (4 male, mean age 52±7.8 years) and twenty patients without metabolic syndrome as control group (8 male, mean age 54±9.3 years) were included...
October 2014: Eurasian Journal of Medicine
Magdalena Orwaldi
Shortness of breath (dyspnea) and changes present in X-rays of the chest are most frequent symptoms indicating further pulmonary diagnostic. Presented is the case of 71-year-old patient reffered from general practitioner due to exacerbation of dyspnea and abnormalities present in the chest X-ray.The patient has been treated for ischemic heart disease and arrythmia for a couple of years.Three-dimensional CT of the chest revealed a vascular ring of aorta.It is a defect characterized by a faulty flow of large vascular trunks, which built a cardiovascular ring that partially or completely enricle the structure of mediastinum (esophagus, trachea)...
2015: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska
Nissi Varki, Dan Anderson, James G Herndon, Tho Pham, Christopher J Gregg, Monica Cheriyan, James Murphy, Elizabeth Strobert, Jo Fritz, James G Else, Ajit Varki
Heart disease is common in both humans and chimpanzees, manifesting typically as sudden cardiac arrest or progressive heart failure. Surprisingly, although chimpanzees are our closest evolutionary relatives, the major cause of heart disease is different in the two species. Histopathology data of affected chimpanzee hearts from two primate centers, and analysis of literature indicate that sudden death in chimpanzees (and in gorillas and orangutans) is commonly associated with diffuse interstitial myocardial fibrosis of unknown cause...
February 2009: Evolutionary Applications
Hervé Spechbach, Philippe Morel, Kuntheavy Ing Lorenzini, Marie Besson, Laurent Gétaz, Henri Sunthorn, Yves Chalandon
Ventricular arrhythmias induced by dasatinib are rare events, but physicians in charge of chronic myeloid leukemia patients should be aware of such potential complications and the need for regular ECG controls during treatment with tyrosine kinase inhibitors.
October 2013: Clinical Case Reports
Julie Steen Pedersen, Lars Kristian Munck
An 18-year-old woman ingested 22 g of venlafaxine with suicidal attempt. At admittance two hours after ingestion she had serotonine syndrome, repeated seizures and hypotension. After eight hours malignant arrythmias culminated in cardiac arrest, which was successfully resuscitated. Progressive liver and cardiac failure lead to fatal outcome after 48 hours. It is discussed whether early lipid infusion should be given in case of ingestion of high doses of venlafaxine, before myoclonia, seizures, hypotension, rhabdomyolysis and liver failure developed, since these can only be treated symptomatically...
February 24, 2014: Ugeskrift for Laeger
Xiuling Liu, Lei Qiao, Jianli Yang, Bin Dong, Hongrui Wang
Due to the characteristics and environmental factors, electrocardiogram (ECG) signals are usually interfered by noises in the course of signal acquisition, so it is crucial for ECG intelligent analysis to eliminate noises in ECG signals. On the basis of wavelet transform, threshold parameters were improved and a more appropriate threshold expression was proposed. The discrete wavelet coefficients were processed using the improved threshold parameters, the accurate wavelet coefficients without noises were gained through inverse discrete wavelet transform, and then more original signal coefficients could be preserved...
June 2014: Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue za Zhi, Journal of Biomedical Engineering, Shengwu Yixue Gongchengxue Zazhi
Stefania Scarsoglio, Andrea Guala, Carlo Camporeale, Luca Ridolfi
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia affecting millions of people in the Western countries and, due to the widespread impact on the population and its medical relevance, is largely investigated in both clinical and bioengineering sciences. However, some important feedback mechanisms are still not clearly established. The present study aims at understanding the global response of the cardiovascular system during paroxysmal AF through a lumped-parameter approach, which is here performed paying particular attention to the stochastic modeling of the irregular heartbeats and the reduced contractility of the heart...
November 2014: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"