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Podiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875018/the-process-and-challenges-of-obtaining-and-sustaining-clinical-placements-for-nursing-and-allied-health-students
#1
Christine Taylor, Liz Angel, Lucy Nyanga, Cathy Dickson
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This paper describes the process and challenges from a project that aimed to develop processes, source new placements, and place students primarily in the discipline of Nursing, but also Occupational Therapy, Physiotherapy, Podiatry, Social Work, and Speech Therapy. BACKGROUND: Clinical experience in health facilities is an essential element of health professional education, yet globally there is a lack of clinical placements to meet demands...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837053/radiographic-analysis-of-feet-with-and-without-morton-s-neuroma
#2
Reza Naraghi, Alexandra Bremner, Linda Slack-Smith, Alan Bryant
BACKGROUND: The aim of this research was to investigate the association of various structural measurements of the forefoot with Morton's neuroma (MN). METHODS: Weightbearing anteroposterior and lateral foot radiographs of subjects attending the University of Western Australia (UWA) Podiatry Clinic and the first author's private practice were included in this study. A single assessor measured the following angles: lateral intermetatarsal angle (LIMA), intermetatarsal angle (IMA), hallux valgus angle (HVA), digital divergence between the second and third digits (DD23), digital divergence between the third and fourth digits (DD34) and relative metatarsal lengths of the first to fifth metatarsals (Met1-5), and the effect of MN size as measured by ultrasonograph on digital divergence...
November 10, 2016: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835963/flip-flop-footwear-with-a-moulded-foot-bed-for-the-treatment-of-foot-pain-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Vivienne Helaine Chuter, Angela Searle, Martin J Spink
BACKGROUND: Foot pain is a common problem affecting up to 1 in 5 adults and is known to adversely affect activities of daily living and health related quality of life. Orthopaedic footwear interventions are used as a conservative treatment for foot pain, although adherence is known to be low, in part due to the perception of poor comfort and unattractiveness of the footwear. The objective of this trial was to assess the efficacy of flip-flop style footwear (Foot Bio-Tec©) with a moulded foot-bed in reducing foot pain compared to participant's usual footwear...
November 11, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816216/hepatitis-c-virus-transmission-in-a-skilled-nursing-facility-north-dakota-2013
#4
Dinorah L Calles, Melissa G Collier, Yury Khudyakov, Tonya Mixson-Hayden, Lindsey VanderBusch, Sarah Weninger, Tracy K Miller
BACKGROUND: From March-May 2013, 3 cases of acute hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection were diagnosed among elderly patients residing at the same skilled nursing facility (facility A) and who received health care at hospital X during their likely exposure period. METHODS: We performed HCV testing of at-risk populations; quasispecies analysis was performed to determine relatedness of HCV in persons with current infection. Infection control practice assessments were conducted at facility A and hospital X...
November 2, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730333/characterization-of-patients-with-diabetic-foot-disease-presenting-to-an-irish-podiatry-centre-profiling-suitability-for-entry-to-a-clinical-trial-of-advanced-wound-therapeutics
#5
A M Mahon, C MacGilchrist, C McIntosh, T O'Brien
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus, coined the 'Black Death of the Twenty-First Century', is associated with complications, including foot ulceration with potential loss of limb. There is a need for development of new wound therapies through completion of robust clinical trials. AIMS: To profile demographics and wound characteristics of an Irish cohort with diabetes, forecast eligibility for entry to a clinical trial of advanced wound therapeutics, and adjust criteria to optimize eligibility for enrolment...
October 11, 2016: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716325/a-scoping-review-of-australian-allied-health-research-in-ehealth
#6
Teresa Iacono, Kellie Stagg, Natalie Pearce, Alana Hulme Chambers
BACKGROUND: Uptake of e-health, the use of information communication technologies (ICT) for health service delivery, in allied health appears to be lagging behind other health care areas, despite offering the potential to address problems with service access by rural and remote Australians. The aim of the study was to conduct a scoping review of studies into the application of or attitudes towards ehealth amongst allied health professionals conducted in Australia. METHODS: Studies meeting inclusion criteria published from January 2004 to June 2015 were reviewed...
October 4, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714504/diabetic-charcot-neuroarthropathy-prevalence-demographics-and-outcome-in-a-regional-referral-centre
#7
A O'Loughlin, E Kellegher, C McCusker, R Canavan
BACKGROUND: Diabetic Charcot neuroarthropathy (DCN) is a devastating complication for people with diabetes mellitus. The failure to diagnose DCN and institute treatment in the acute phase leads to permanent deformity and significant morbidity. There is a paucity of data on the prevalence and characteristics of patients who have developed this complication of diabetes. AIMS: To determine the prevalence, clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with DCN from 2006 to 2012...
October 6, 2016: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676850/podological-aspects-in-diabetes-a-comparative-study-between-insulin-dependent-diabetes-and-non-insulin-dependent-diabetes-through-a-series-of-154-cases
#8
Karima Belhaj, Soumia Meftah, Laila Mahir, Fatima Lmidmani, Abdellatif Elfatimi
OBJECTIVE: Diabetic foot includes all foot abnormalities in diabetics; they are secondary to several pathophysiological mechanisms. Few studies have compared the two types of diabetes for podiatric complications. The objective of this work is to make a comparative study of podiatry profile, clinical, optical and electronic podoscopique between insulin-dependent diabetes (IDDM) and non-insulin dependent (NIDDM). MATERIALS/PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a prospective study over one year, including diabetic patients who have been made, an optical podocopique review and static and dynamic electronics...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649397/the-advantages-of-dermoscopy-in-the-diagnosis-of-acral-melanoma-from-other-podiatric-lesions-a-literature-review
#9
Mansi Patel, HyunJi Boo, Suganthi Kandasamy, Dhagash Patel, Anthony Iorio
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Melanoma is one of the most common primary malignant tumors arising in the lower extremity. It is crucial to diagnose melanoma as quickly and as efficiently as possible for a better prognosis. The use of dermoscopy is helpful in diagnosing such conditions. Dermoscopy is a non-invasive, in-vivo technique primarily used in the examination of pigmented skin lesions. This procedure allows the visualization of subsurface skin structures in the epidermis, dermoepidermal junction, and upper dermis - structures not visible to the naked eye...
September 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594920/prevalence-of-foot-problems-in-people-with-inflammatory-arthritis-in-singapore
#10
K Carter, M Lahiri, P P Cheung, A Santosa, K Rome
BACKGROUND: Foot problems are highly prevalent in people with inflammatory arthritis reported from studies in the UK, Europe and New Zealand, but there is limited evidence from Southeast Asia. The study aim was to evaluate the prevalence of foot problems in people with inflammatory arthritis in Singapore. METHODS: People with inflammatory arthritis were recruited from the rheumatology outpatient clinic of a tertiary hospital in Singapore. Disease and clinical characteristics included age, sex, disease duration, current blood tests and medications...
2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504051/diminishing-effect-sizes-with-repeated-exposure-to-evidence-based-practice-training-in-entry-level-health-professional-students-a-longitudinal-study
#11
Lucy K Lewis, Sze C Wong, Louise K M Wiles, Maureen P McEvoy
PURPOSE: To investigate the magnitude of change in outcomes after repeated exposure to evidence-based practice (EBP) training in entry-level health professional students. METHOD: Using an observational cross-sectional analytic design, the study tracked 78 students in physiotherapy, podiatry, health science, medical radiations, and human movement before and after two sequential EBP courses. The first EBP course was aimed at developing foundational knowledge of and skills in the five steps of EBP; the second was designed to teach students to apply these steps...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27475947/creep-analysis-of-silicone-for-podiatry-applications
#12
Julia Janeiro-Arocas, Javier Tarrío-Saavedra, Jorge López-Beceiro, Salvador Naya, Adrián López-Canosa, Nicolás Heredia-García, Ramón Artiaga
PURPOSE: This work shows an effective methodology to characterize the creep-recovery behavior of silicones before their application in podiatry. The aim is to characterize, model and compare the creep-recovery properties of different types of silicone used in podiatry orthotics. METHODS: Creep-recovery phenomena of silicones used in podiatry orthotics is characterized by dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA). Silicones provided by Herbitas are compared by observing their viscoelastic properties by Functional Data Analysis (FDA) and nonlinear regression...
October 2016: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27368755/a-comparison-of-fourth-year-health-sciences-students-knowledge-of-gross-lower-and-upper-limb-anatomy-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Juan-Antonio Díaz-Mancha, José Manuel Castillo-López, Pedro V Munuera-Martinez, Lourdes María Fernández-Seguín, Juan Polo-Padillo, Alberto Marcos Heredia-Rizo
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess and compare the knowledge of fourth-year medicine, physiotherapy (PT), nursing, and podiatry students in carpal and tarsal bone anatomy. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out. Based on a nonprobability convenience sampling, 177 fourth-year students (117 women and 60 men, mean age of 23.16 ± 3.82 years) from the podiatry (n = 39), nursing (n = 26), PT (n = 73), and medicine (n = 39) schools at a large Spanish university were included...
July 2016: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27367218/shared-medical-appointments-impact-on-clinical-and-quality-outcomes-in-veterans-with-diabetes
#14
Marianne D Harris, Susan Kirsh, Patricia A Higgins
Managing diabetes poses substantial challenges to the over 29.1 million Americans afflicted, and is financially overwhelming to the US health care system. One potential strategy is utilizing a group approach to care delivery or shared medical appointment (SMA). The purpose of this 3-year retrospective VA study was to investigate differences in clinical and quality outcome measures in veterans with type 2 diabetes who used SMAs and those who received only usual care (UC) one-on-one with their doctor. This observational, 2-group cohort study used abstracted medical records from a large Midwestern Veterans Administration hospital...
July 2016: Quality Management in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27345769/patient-involvement-in-rheumatology-outpatient-service-design-and-delivery-a-case-study
#15
Savia de Souza, James Galloway, Carol Simpson, Radka Chura, Joanne Dobson, Nicola J Gullick, Sophia Steer, Heidi Lempp
BACKGROUND: Patient involvement is increasingly recognized as important within the UK National Health Service to ensure that services delivered are relevant to users' needs. Organizations are encouraged to work with service users to achieve excellence in care. Patient education can improve health outcomes and reduce health-care costs. Mobile technologies could play a vital role in this. AIM: Patient-centred development of innovative strategies to improve the experience of rheumatology outpatients...
June 27, 2016: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27345085/podiatry-evaluation-of-a-chitosan-gelling-fibre-dressing-in-diabetic-foot-ulceration
#16
Angela Walker
The purpose of this small evaluation on five patients presenting to community podiatry services in Birmingham with foot ulceration was to explore common problems associated with diabetes and other high-risk conditions and illustrate the clinical effectiveness and experience of using a chitosan absorbent gelling fibre dressing (KytoCel®, Aspen Medical). Each of these case studies bought their individual complex issues and complications that affected the healing process. General wound care involved debridement, if required, dressings, pressure redistribution addressing footwear needs, systemic antibiotics where required, and shared care with the multidisciplinary team (MDT) in secondary care where appropriate...
June 23, 2016: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27189190/the-evaluation-of-three-treatments-for-plantar-callus-a-three-armed-randomised-comparative-trial-using-biophysical-outcome-measures
#17
Farina Hashmi, Christopher J Nester, Ciaran R F Wright, Sharon Lam
BACKGROUND: Callus is one of the most common foot skin complaints experienced by people of all ages. These painful and unsightly lesions often result in disability. The 'gold standard' of treatment is scalpel debridement by a trained specialist; however, people also seek over-the-counter remedies. There is a lack of clinical evidence for the efficacy of such products, which makes selection by patients and practitioners difficult. METHODS: This randomised, three-armed, parallel, comparative trial aimed to test the efficacy of two home treatments for plantar callus using novel, objective outcome measures (skin hydration using the capacitance method; elasticity using negative pressure application; and surface texture using imaging)...
2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27162020/the-use-of-the-podotrack-in-forensic-podiatry-for-collection-and-analysis-of-bare-footprints-using-the-reel-method-of-measurement
#18
J Gordon Burrow
This small-scale study examined the role that bare footprint collection and measurement processes have on the Reel method of measurement in forensic podiatry and its use in the Criminal Justice System. Previous research indicated that the Reel method was a valid and reliable measurement system for bare footprint analysis but various collection systems have been used to collect footprint data and both manual and digital measurement processes were utilized in forensic podiatry and other disciplines. This study contributes to the debate about collecting bare footprints; the techniques employed to quantify various Reel measurements and considered whether there was asymmetry between feet and footprints of the same person...
May 2016: Science & Justice: Journal of the Forensic Science Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27127541/the-relationship-between-foot-posture-body-mass-age-and-ankle-lower-limb-and-whole-body-flexibility-in-healthy-children-aged-7-to-15%C3%A2-years
#19
Fiona Hawke, Keith Rome, Angela Margaret Evans
BACKGROUND: The complex relationship between foot posture, flexibility, body mass and age in children is not well understood. The objectives of this post hoc analysis were to explore the relationships between foot posture, flexibility, body mass in children aged seven to 15 years. METHODS: Thirty healthy, asymptomatic children (20 girls, 10 boys) aged 7 to 15 years with a mean age (SD) of 10.7 (2.3) years, were recruited through the Auckland University of Technology (AUT) Podiatry Clinic, Auckland, New Zealand...
2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27122428/meeting-a-forensic-podiatry-admissibility-challenge-a-daubert-case-study
#20
Michael Nirenberg
This article is an introduction to the United States Supreme Court's standard of admissibility of forensic evidence and testimony at trial, known as the Daubert standard, with emphasis on how this standard applies to the field of forensic podiatry. The author, a forensic podiatrist, provided law enforcement with evidence tying a bloody sock-clad footprint found at the scene of a homicide to the suspect. In 2014, the author testified at a pretrial hearing, known as "a Daubert hearing," to address the admissibility of this evidence in court...
May 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
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