keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Epoc

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918623/the-effect-of-prescriber-education-on-medication-related-patient-harm-in-the-hospital-a-systematic-review
#1
J M Bos, P M L A van den Bemt, P A G M De Smet, C Kramers
INTRODUCTION: Educating prescribers is a strategy to reduce prescription errors in hospitals. This systematic review gives an overview of original research papers on education of prescribers, reporting outcomes on (potential) patient harm. METHODS: A search of the databases Embase and Medline using the Ovid interface was performed. Research on the effect of education of physicians in order to prevent medication related problems of inpatients, reporting original data and outcomes on prescribing errors and/or (potential) patient harm, was included...
December 5, 2016: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873322/non-medical-prescribing-versus-medical-prescribing-for-acute-and-chronic-disease-management-in-primary-and-secondary-care
#2
REVIEW
Greg Weeks, Johnson George, Katie Maclure, Derek Stewart
BACKGROUND: A range of health workforce strategies are needed to address health service demands in low-, middle- and high-income countries. Non-medical prescribing involves nurses, pharmacists, allied health professionals, and physician assistants substituting for doctors in a prescribing role, and this is one approach to improve access to medicines. OBJECTIVES: To assess clinical, patient-reported, and resource use outcomes of non-medical prescribing for managing acute and chronic health conditions in primary and secondary care settings compared with medical prescribing (usual care)...
November 22, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849117/metabolic-responses-to-a-loaded-movement-training-workout
#3
Derek N Vandenbrink, Nicholas J Petrella, Eric V Neufeld, Brett A Dolezal, Daniel P Maclennan
BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated the metabolic demands of functional exercise. We determined the oxygen cost, heart rate (HR) response, and energy expenditure (EE) both during and immediately following a loaded movement training (LMT) workout. METHODS: Ten participants (5 male, age = 23.5 ± 3.7 years, VO2peak = 53.3 ± 6.4 ml∙kg-1∙min- 1) completed baseline resting metabolic rate testing, a maximal oxygen uptake (VO2) test, and a familiarization trial...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842526/loss-to-follow-up-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-study-for-pediatric-weight-management-epoc
#4
Petra Warschburger, Katja Kröller
BACKGROUND: Attrition is a serious problem in intervention studies. The current study analyzed the attrition rate during follow-up in a randomized controlled pediatric weight management program (EPOC study) within a tertiary care setting. METHODS: Five hundred twenty-three parents and their 7-13-year-old children with obesity participated in the randomized controlled intervention trial. Follow-up data were assessed 6 and 12 months after the end of treatment. Attrition was defined as providing no objective weight data...
November 14, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821397/medication-reconciliation-interventions-in-ambulatory-care-a-scoping-review
#5
Lisa McCarthy, Xinru Wendy Su, Natalie Crown, Jennifer Turple, Thomas E R Brown, Kate Walsh, Jessica John, Paula Rochon
PURPOSE: The published literature on medication reconciliation (MR) interventions, outcomes, and facilitators in ambulatory care settings is reviewed. METHODS: A scoping review was conducted to characterize ambulatory care-based MR research in terms of study design, elements of interventions, and outcomes examined. English-language articles on comparative studies of MR programs targeting adults in ambulatory care settings were identified using data sources including MEDLINE, PreMEDLINE, EMBASE, and International Pharmaceutical Abstracts...
November 15, 2016: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803115/alterations-in-the-epithelial-stem-cell-compartment-could-contribute-to-permanent-changes-in-the-mucosa-of-patients-with-ulcerative-colitis
#6
Isabella Dotti, Rut Mora-Buch, Elena Ferrer-Picón, Núria Planell, Peter Jung, M Carme Masamunt, Raquel Franco Leal, Javier Martín de Carpi, Josep Llach, Ingrid Ordás, Eduard Batlle, Julián Panés, Azucena Salas
OBJECTIVE: UC is a chronic inflammatory disease of the colonic mucosa. Growing evidence supports a role for epithelial cell defects in driving pathology. Moreover, long-lasting changes in the epithelial barrier have been reported in quiescent UC. Our aim was to investigate whether epithelial cell defects could originate from changes in the epithelial compartment imprinted by the disease. DESIGN: Epithelial organoid cultures (EpOCs) were expanded ex vivo from the intestinal crypts of non-IBD controls and patients with UC...
November 1, 2016: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783812/high-cho-diet-increases-post-exercise-oxygen-consumption-after-a-supramaximal-exercise-bout
#7
G A Ferreira, R Bertuzzi, F R De-Oliveira, F O Pires, A E Lima-Silva
We investigated if carbohydrate (CHO) availability could affect the excess post-exercise oxygen consumption (EPOC) after a single supramaximal exercise bout. Five physically active men cycled at 115% of peak oxygen uptake (V̇O2 peak) until exhaustion with low or high pre-exercise CHO availability. The endogenous CHO stores were manipulated by performing a glycogen-depletion exercise protocol 48 h before the trial, followed by 48 h consuming either a low- (10% CHO) or a high-CHO (80% CHO) diet regime. Compared to the low-CHO diet, the high-CHO diet increased time to exhaustion (3...
October 24, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759989/estimaci%C3%A3-n-de-actividades-preventivas-en-pacientes-con-enfermedad-pulmonar-obstructiva-cr%C3%A3-nica-estudio-adepocle
#8
Ana Beatriz De Abajo Larriba, Ángel Díaz Rodríguez, Javier González-Gallego, Beatriz Peleteiro Cobo, Jessica Capón Álvarez, Omar Mahmoud Atoui, Enrique Méndez Rodríguez, Serafín De Abajo Olea, Víctor Lumbreras González, Caterina Minniti
Objetivos: estimar las actividades preventivas que realizan los pacientes diagnosticados de enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica (EPOC) en la provincia de León.Métodos: estudio epidemiológico, transversal, multicéntrico (30 centros de salud de la provincia de León). Incluyó pacientes mayores de 35 años diagnosticados y tratados de EPOC. Variables a estudio: edad, sexo, hábitat, datos antropométricos, tabaquismo, estado nutricional, ejercicio físico, vacunación antigripal, vacunación, antineumocócica (VNP23 y VNC13), fenotipo, gravedad, reagudizaciones y hospitalizaciones...
September 20, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716648/enhancing-vascularization-of-a-gelatin-based-micro-cavitary-hydrogel-by-increasing-the-density-of-the-micro-cavities
#9
Jiayin Fu, Changjiang Fan, Wei Shan Lai, Dongan Wang
The transport of nutrients and oxygen by vascular networks into engineered tissue constructs is critical to their successful integration into host tissues. Hydrogel has achieved some promising results as scaffolds for vascularization. However, the vascularization of hydrogel is still constrained by its inherent submicron- or nano-sized pores. In this study, two gelatin-based micro-cavitary gel (Gel-MCG) constructs with varying densities of micro-cavities were developed with a photocrosslinkable gelatin methacrylate (Gel-MA) precursor and porogenic gelatin microspheres (MS), and their functions in supporting vascularization within hydrogels were evaluated with endothelial progenitor outgrowth cells (EPOCs)...
October 7, 2016: Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27641152/towards-a-model-based-dose-recommendation-for-doxorubicin-in-children
#10
Swantje Völler, Georg Hempel, Gudrun Würthwein, Alan V Boddy, Miriam Krischke, Nicolas André, Maurizio D'Incalci, Gianni Bisogno, Joachim Boos
Following the publication of our paper regarding a population-based model of doxorubicin pharmacokinetics in children in Clinical Pharmacokinetics last year (Voller et al. 54:1139-1149, 2015), we have received many inquiries on the practical clinical consequences of this model; however, a population-based model is only one of the aspects to be taken into account when developing dosing algorithms. In addition, any new method of dose calculation would need clinical validation and, subsequently, a new clinical trial...
September 19, 2016: Clinical Pharmacokinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583824/admission-avoidance-hospital-at-home
#11
Sasha Shepperd, Steve Iliffe, Helen A Doll, Mike J Clarke, Lalit Kalra, Andrew D Wilson, Daniela C Gonçalves-Bradley
BACKGROUND: Admission avoidance hospital at home provides active treatment by healthcare professionals in the patient's home for a condition that otherwise would require acute hospital inpatient care, and always for a limited time period. This is the third update of the original review. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness and cost of managing patients with admission avoidance hospital at home compared with inpatient hospital care. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, EMBASE, two other databases, and two trials registers on 2 March 2016...
September 1, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27571673/-not-available
#12
Ana Beatriz De Abajo Larriba, Ángel Díaz Rodríguez, Javier González-Gallego, Enrique Méndez Rodríguez, María Jesús Álvarez Álvarez, Jessica Capón Álvarez, Beatriz Peleteiro Cobo, Omar Mahmoud Atoui, Serafín De Abajo Olea, Juan Martínez de Mandojana Hernández
Introducción: estimar la prevalencia del tabaquismo y analizar cómo se diagnostican y se trata a los fumadores diagnosticados de EPOC.Métodos: estudio epidemiológico, transversal, multicéntrico (30 centros salud de la provincia de León). Incluyó pacientes mayores de 35 años diagnosticados y tratados de EPOC. Variables analizadas: edad, sexo, hábitat, datos antropométricos, tabaquismo, número de paquetes/año, cooximetría, dependencia (escala analógico-visual), motivación (test de Fagerström), autoeficacia, estado anímico, intentos previos, terapia cognitivo-conductual, tratamiento farmacológico (TSN, bupropión, vareniclina) y recaídas...
2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27554327/scoping-review-strategies-of-providing-care-for-children-with-chronic-health-conditions-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#13
Hamish Graham, Mariam Tokhi, Trevor Duke
OBJECTIVES: To identify and review strategies of providing care for children living with chronic health conditions in low- and middle-income countries. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE and Cochrane EPOC databases for papers evaluating strategies of providing care for children with chronic health conditions in low- or middle-income countries. Data were systematically extracted using a standardised data charting form, and analysed according to Arksey and O'Malley's 'descriptive analytical method' for scoping reviews...
August 24, 2016: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27546228/tools-developed-and-disseminated-by-guideline-producers-to-promote-the-uptake-of-their-guidelines
#14
REVIEW
Gerd Flodgren, Amanda M Hall, Lucy Goulding, Martin P Eccles, Jeremy M Grimshaw, Gillian C Leng, Sasha Shepperd
BACKGROUND: The uptake of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) is inconsistent, despite their potential to improve the quality of health care and patient outcomes. Some guideline producers have addressed this problem by developing tools to encourage faster adoption of new guidelines. This review focuses on the effectiveness of tools developed and disseminated by guideline producers to improve the uptake of their CPGs. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of implementation tools developed and disseminated by guideline producers, which accompany or follow the publication of a CPG, to promote uptake...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27528431/interventions-for-preventing-abuse-in-the-elderly
#15
REVIEW
Philip R A Baker, Daniel P Francis, Noran N Hairi, Sajaratulnisah Othman, Wan Yuen Choo
BACKGROUND: Maltreatment of older people (elder abuse) includes psychological, physical, sexual abuse, neglect and financial exploitation. Evidence suggests that 10% of older adults experience some form of abuse, and only a fraction of cases are actually reported or referred to social services agencies. Elder abuse is associated with significant morbidity and premature mortality. Numerous interventions have been implemented to address the issue of elder maltreatment. It is, however, unclear which interventions best serve to prevent or reduce elder abuse...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516179/effects-of-clinical-pathways-for-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd-on-patient-professional-and-systems-outcomes-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#16
Christopher Plishka, Thomas Rotter, Leigh Kinsman, Mohammed Rashaad Hansia, Adegboyega Lawal, Donna Goodridge, Erika Penz, Darcy D Marciniuk
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a respiratory syndrome characterized by progressive, partially reversible airway obstruction and lung hyperinflation. COPD has a substantial burden which is seen in both patient quality of life and healthcare costs. One proposed method of minimizing this burden is the implementation of clinical pathways (CPWs). CPWs aim to guide evidence-based practice and improve the interaction between health services. They bring the best available evidence to a range of healthcare professionals by adapting evidence-based clinical guidelines to a local context and detailing the essential steps in the assessment and care of patients...
2016: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513824/mobile-clinics-for-women-s-and-children-s-health
#17
REVIEW
Hany Abdel-Aleem, Omaima M H El-Gibaly, Amira F E-S El-Gazzar, Ghada S T Al-Attar
BACKGROUND: The accessibility of health services is an important factor that affects the health outcomes of populations. A mobile clinic provides a wide range of services but in most countries the main focus is on health services for women and children. It is anticipated that improvement of the accessibility of health services via mobile clinics will improve women's and children's health. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of mobile clinic services on women's and children's health...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27510030/public-stewardship-of-private-for-profit-healthcare-providers-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#18
REVIEW
Charles S Wiysonge, Leila H Abdullahi, Valantine N Ndze, Gregory D Hussey
BACKGROUND: Governments use different approaches to ensure that private for-profit healthcare services meet certain quality standards. Such government guidance, referred to as public stewardship, encompasses government policies, regulatory mechanisms, and implementation strategies for ensuring accountability in the delivery of services. However, the effectiveness of these strategies in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) have not been the subject of a systematic review. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of public sector regulation, training, or co-ordination of the private for-profit health sector in low- and middle-income countries...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27506739/the-effects-of-interval-vs-continuous-exercise-on-excess-post-exercise-oxygen-consumption-and-substrate-oxidation-rates-in-subjects-with-type-2-diabetes
#19
Kristian Karstoft, Gareth A Wallis, Bente K Pedersen, Thomas P J Solomon
BACKGROUND: For unknown reasons, interval training often reduces body weight more than energy-expenditure matched continuous training. We compared the acute effects of time-duration and oxygen-consumption matched interval- vs. continuous exercise on excess post-exercise oxygen consumption (EPOC), substrate oxidation rates and lipid metabolism in the hours following exercise in subjects with type 2 diabetes (T2D). METHODS: Following an overnight fast, ten T2D subjects (M/F: 7/3; age=60...
September 2016: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27456352/implementing-guidelines-in-nursing-homes-a-systematic-review
#20
Heinz Diehl, Birgitte Graverholt, Birgitte Espehaug, Hans Lund
BACKGROUND: Research on guideline implementation strategies has mostly been conducted in settings which differ significantly from a nursing home setting and its transferability to the nursing home setting is therefore limited. The objective of this study was to systematically review the effects of interventions to improve the implementation of guidelines in nursing homes. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted in the Cochrane Library, CINAHL, Embase, MEDLINE, DARE, HTA, CENTRAL, SveMed + and ISI Web of Science from their inception until August 2015...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
keyword
keyword
12499
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"