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" forest therapy"

Ho-Yan Yvonne Chun, Richard Newman, William N Whiteley, Martin Dennis, Gillian E Mead, Alan J Carson
OBJECTIVE: There is little randomized controlled trial (RCT) evidence to guide treatment for anxiety after stroke. We systematically reviewed RCTs of anxiety interventions in acquired brain injury (ABI) conditions including stroke and traumatic brain injury (TBI) in order to summarize efficacy and key aspects of trial design to help guide future RCTs. METHODS: We searched the Cochrane trial register, Medline, Embase, PsychInfo and CINAHL systematically up to August 2017...
January 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Byeongsang Oh, Kyung Ju Lee, Chris Zaslawski, Albert Yeung, David Rosenthal, Linda Larkey, Michael Back
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have reported that spending time in nature is associated with the improvement of various health outcomes and well-being. This review evaluated the physical and psychological benefits of a specific type of exposure to nature, forest therapy. METHOD: A literature search was carried out using MEDLINE, PubMed, ScienceDirect, EMBASE, and ProQuest databases and manual searches from inception up to December 2016. Key words: "Forest" or "Shinrin -Yoku" or "Forest bath" AND "Health" or "Wellbeing"...
October 18, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
Insook Lee, Heeseung Choi, Kyung-Sook Bang, Sungjae Kim, MinKyung Song, Buhyun Lee
This study systematically reviewed forest therapy programs designed to decrease the level of depression among adults and assessed the methodological rigor and scientific evidence quality of existing research studies to guide future studies. This systematic review was conducted in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. The authors independently screened full-text articles from various databases using the following criteria: (1) intervention studies assessing the effects of forest therapy on depressive symptoms in adults aged 18 years and older; (2) studies including at least one control group or condition; (3) peer-reviewed studies; and (4) been published either in English or Korean before July 2016...
March 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Min Ho Chun, Min Cheol Chang, Sung-Jae Lee
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether forest therapy is effective for treating depression and anxiety in patients with chronic stroke by using several psychological tests. We measured reactive oxygen metabolite (d-ROM) levels and biological antioxidant potentials (BAPs) associated with psychological stress. METHODS: Fifty-nine patients with chronic stroke were randomly assigned to either a forest group (staying at a recreational forest site) or to an urban group (staying in an urban hotel); the duration and activities performed by both groups were the same...
March 2017: International Journal of Neuroscience
Jin-Woo Han, Han Choi, Yo-Han Jeon, Chong-Hyeon Yoon, Jong-Min Woo, Won Kim
This study aimed to investigate the effects of a two-day forest therapy program on individuals with chronic widespread pain. Sixty one employees of a public organization providing building and facilities management services within the Seoul Metropolitan area participated in the study. Participants were assigned to an experimental group (n = 33) who participated in a forest therapy program or a control group (n = 28) on a non-random basis. Pre- and post-measures of heart rate variability (HRV), Natural Killer cell (NK cell) activity, self-reported pain using the visual analog scale (VAS), depression level using the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and health-related quality of life measures using the EuroQol Visual Analog Scale (EQ-VAS) were collected in both groups...
February 24, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Boram Kang, Taikon Kim, Mi Jung Kim, Kyu Hoon Lee, Seungyoung Choi, Dong Hun Lee, Hyo Ryoung Kim, Byol Jun, Seen Young Park, Sung Jae Lee, Si-Bog Park
OBJECTIVE: To compare the pain-reducing effect of forest bathing alone versus forest bathing in combination with stretching and strengthening exercises in patients with chronic posterior neck pain. METHODS: Sixty-four subjects with posterior neck pain that had lasted more than 3 months were enrolled. They were randomly divided into a forest bathing alone (FBA) group and a forest bathing with exercise (FBE) group; each group included 32 subjects. All subjects from both groups walked every morning in the forest for about 2 hours for 5 days...
December 2015: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Hiroko Ochiai, Harumi Ikei, Chorong Song, Maiko Kobayashi, Takashi Miura, Takahide Kagawa, Qing Li, Shigeyoshi Kumeda, Michiko Imai, Yoshifumi Miyazaki
The natural environment is increasingly recognized as an effective counter to urban stress, and "Forest Therapy" has recently attracted attention as a relaxation and stress management activity with demonstrated clinical efficacy. The present study assessed the physiological and psychological effects of a forest therapy program on middle-aged females. Seventeen Japanese females (62.2 ± 9.4 years; mean ± standard deviation) participated in this experiment. Pulse rate, salivary cortisol level, and psychological indices were measured on the day before forest therapy and on the forest therapy day...
December 2015: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Harumi Ikei, Haruka Koizumi, Chorong Song, Mitsunori Kouzuki, Seiichiro Teratani, Takahiro Sakuma, Yoshifumi Miyazaki
OBJECTIVES: To examine the psychological effects of forest therapy program on workers. METHODS: The subjective symptoms index, a shortened version of the profile of mood states (POMS), and a semantic differential (SD) method were used to measure the psychological effects. RESULTS: The evaluations were performed 3 days before, during, and 1, 3, and 5 days after the forest therapy. The following results were obtained: (1) the subjective symptoms improved before breakfast and continued for 5 days; (2) the mood evaluated using POMS improved before breakfast and continued for 3 days; and (3) “comfortable,” “relaxed,” and “natural” feelings evaluated using the SD method were enhanced before breakfast, lunch, and dinner during forest therapy...
2015: Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Hygiene
Hiroko Ochiai, Harumi Ikei, Chorong Song, Maiko Kobayashi, Ako Takamatsu, Takashi Miura, Takahide Kagawa, Qing Li, Shigeyoshi Kumeda, Michiko Imai, Yoshifumi Miyazaki
Time spent walking and relaxing in a forest environment ("forest bathing" or "forest therapy") has well demonstrated anti-stress effects in healthy adults, but benefits for ill or at-risk populations have not been reported. The present study assessed the physiological and psychological effects of forest therapy (relaxation and stress management activity in the forest) on middle-aged males with high-normal blood pressure. Blood pressure and several physiological and psychological indices of stress were measured the day before and approximately 2 h following forest therapy...
March 2015: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Yoshifumi Miyazaki, Harumi Ikei, Chorong Song
There has been growing attention on the effects of forest on physiological relaxation and immune recovery, particularly in forest medicine research, from a perspective of preventive medicine. Japan is a world leader in the accumulation of scientific data on forest medicine research. In this review, we summarize the research that has been conducted in this area since 1992. We conducted field experiment, involving 420 subjects at 35 different forests throughout Japan. After sitting in natural surroundings, these subjects showed decrease in the following physiological parameters compared with those in an urban control group: 12...
2014: Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Hygiene
Qing Li, Tomoyuki Kawada
Since 2004, we have conducted a series of studies of the effect of forest therapy on human health and established forest therapy as a new preventive strategy. We have found that forest therapy has many beneficial effects on human health. However, there is almost no study dealing with the possibility of clinical applications of forest therapy. In this review, we discuss the possibility of clinical applications of forest therapy from the following viewpoints: 1. Forest therapy can decrease blood pressure, heart rate, sympathetic nerve activity, and levels of stress hormones, such as urinary adrenaline and noradrenaline, and can increase parasympathetic nerve activity, suggesting its preventive effect on hypertension...
2014: Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Hygiene
Chorong Song, Harumi Ikei, Yoshifumi Miyazaki
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to elucidate the physiological adjustment effect of forest therapy based on the Law of Initial Value. METHODS: The experiments were conducted in nine forest and urban areas in Japan during the period from 2011 to 2012. There were 12 male Japanese university students participating in each of the nine experiments (total, 108 participants). Of these, 98 subjects (mean age ± standard deviation, 21.4 ± 1.6 years) were analyzed...
2014: Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Hygiene
Harumi Ikei, Chorong Song, Takahide Kagawa, Yoshifumi Miyazaki
OBJECTIVES: To clarify the physiological and psychological effects of a one-day forest therapy. METHODS: The experiments were conducted at three sites, each containing a forest area and an urban area in Japan. Twelve male students participated at each of the three venues (total, 36 subjects). The subjects were randomly assigned to visit either the forest or urban area and were instructed to view the scenery in a seated position for 15 min. Heart rate variability and heart rate were measured to assess physiological response...
2014: Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Hygiene
Bum-Jin Park, Yuko Tsunetsugu, Takeshi Morikawa, Takahide Kagawa, Juyoung Lee, Harumi Ikei, Chorong Song, Yoshifumi Miyazaki
OBJECTIVE: To provide scientific evidence of the physiological and psychological effects of forest and urban environments on 47 young male adults undergoing stay-in forest therapy. METHODS: Field experiments were conducted at four sites in Japan. At each site, 12 subjects participated in the experiment. The experiments were conducted in forest and urban environments, and the subjects' physiological and psychological responses to these environments were compared...
2014: Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Hygiene
Juyoung Lee, Yuko Tsunetsugu, Norimasa Takayama, Bum-Jin Park, Qing Li, Chorong Song, Misako Komatsu, Harumi Ikei, Liisa Tyrväinen, Takahide Kagawa, Yoshifumi Miyazaki
Background. Despite increasing attention toward forest therapy as an alternative medicine, very little evidence continues to be available on its therapeutic effects. Therefore, this study was focused on elucidating the health benefits of forest walking on cardiovascular reactivity. Methods. Within-group comparisons were used to examine the cardiovascular responses to walking in forest and urban environments. Forty-eight young adult males participated in the two-day field research. Changes in heart rate variability, heart rate, and blood pressure were measured to understand cardiovascular reactivity...
2014: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Chorong Song, Harumi Ikei, Juyoung Lee, Bum-Jin Park, Takahide Kagawa, Yoshifumi Miyazaki
BACKGROUND: In recent years, the physiological relaxation effects of natural environments have been widely exploited, and although individual differences in the effects of forest therapy are known, assessment methods have not been clearly established. This study used a classification based on Type A and Type B behavior patterns to explain individual differences in physiological responses to forest environments. METHODS: We performed physiological experiments in 44 forest and urban (controls) areas...
2013: Journal of Physiological Anthropology
Maiko Nakau, Jiro Imanishi, Junichi Imanishi, Satoko Watanabe, Ayumi Imanishi, Takeshi Baba, Kei Hirai, Toshinori Ito, Wataru Chiba, Yukihiro Morimoto
BACKGROUND: Psycho-oncological care, including spiritual care, is essential for cancer patients. Integrated medicine, a therapy combining modern western medicine with various kinds of complementary and alternative medicine, can be appropriate for the spiritual care of cancer because of the multidimensional characteristics of the spirituality. In particular, therapies that enable patients to establish a deeper contact with nature, inspire feelings of life and growth of plants, and involve meditation may be useful for spiritual care as well as related aspects such as emotion...
March 2013: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
Hiroharu Kamioka, Kiichiro Tsutani, Yoshiteru Mutoh, Takuya Honda, Nobuyoshi Shiozawa, Shinpei Okada, Sang-Jun Park, Jun Kitayuguchi, Masamitsu Kamada, Hiroyasu Okuizumi, Shuichi Handa
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the evidence for curative and health enhancement effects through forest therapy and to assess the quality of studies based on a review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). STUDY DESIGN: A systematic review based on RCTs. METHODS: Studies were eligible if they were RCTs. Studies included one treatment group in which forest therapy was applied. The following databases - from 1990 to November 9, 2010 - were searched: MEDLINE via PubMed, CINAHL, Web of Science, and Ichushi- Web...
2012: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
Jidong Sung, Jong-Min Woo, Won Kim, Seoung-Kyeon Lim, Eun-Joo Chung
OBJECTIVE: This article aimed to develop the "forest therapy" program, which is a cognitive behavior therapy (CBT)-based intervention program using forest environment, and investigate its effects on blood pressure (BP), salivary cortisol, and quality of life (QoL) measures in patients with hypertension. METHODS: A total of 56 men and women were enrolled for this study, being referred from local health centers in Republic of Korea, from April to October 2009. They were conveniently assigned to either "forest" group participating in the forest therapy program or control group doing self-monitoring of BP...
2012: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
Shigeyoshi Kumeda, Homare Sakai, Shinobu Hirata, Yoshinori Koyama
In 2006, the Akazawa National Forest was accredited as a base of forest therapy. On the assumption that forest therapy is effective for the prevention of lifestyle-related diseases, we started a project to prove the medical effectivity of forest therapy. We also attempted to find a way to stimulate the local economy using forest therapy. As an application of forest therapy for local economy stimulation, we established a clinic in the Akazawa National Forest and offered medical advice and suggested hiking routes...
September 2011: Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Hygiene
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