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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27033879/the-effects-of-forest-therapy-on-depression-and-anxiety-in-patients-with-chronic-stroke
#1
Min Ho Chun, Min Cheol Chang, Sung-Jae Lee
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether forest therapy is effective for treating depression and anxiety in patients with chronic stroke by using several psychological tests. We measured reactive oxygen metabolite (d-ROM) levels and biological antioxidant potentials (BAPs) associated with psychological stress. METHODS: Fifty-nine patients with chronic stroke were randomly assigned to either a forest group (staying at a recreational forest site) or to an urban group (staying in an urban hotel); the duration and activities performed by both groups were the same...
April 1, 2016: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26927141/the-effects-of-forest-therapy-on-coping-with-chronic-widespread-pain-physiological-and-psychological-differences-between-participants-in-a-forest-therapy-program-and-a-control-group
#2
Jin-Woo Han, Han Choi, Yo-Han Jeon, Chong-Hyeon Yoon, Jong-Min Woo, Won Kim
This study aimed to investigate the effects of a two-day forest therapy program on individuals with chronic widespread pain. Sixty one employees of a public organization providing building and facilities management services within the Seoul Metropolitan area participated in the study. Participants were assigned to an experimental group (n = 33) who participated in a forest therapy program or a control group (n = 28) on a non-random basis. Pre- and post-measures of heart rate variability (HRV), Natural Killer cell (NK cell) activity, self-reported pain using the visual analog scale (VAS), depression level using the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and health-related quality of life measures using the EuroQol Visual Analog Scale (EQ-VAS) were collected in both groups...
March 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26798610/relief-of-chronic-posterior-neck-pain-depending-on-the-type-of-forest-therapy-comparison-of-the-therapeutic-effect-of-forest-bathing-alone-versus-forest-bathing-with-exercise
#3
Boram Kang, Taikon Kim, Mi Jung Kim, Kyu Hoon Lee, Seungyoung Choi, Dong Hun Lee, Hyo Ryoung Kim, Byol Jun, Seen Young Park, Sung Jae Lee, Si-Bog Park
OBJECTIVE: To compare the pain-reducing effect of forest bathing alone versus forest bathing in combination with stretching and strengthening exercises in patients with chronic posterior neck pain. METHODS: Sixty-four subjects with posterior neck pain that had lasted more than 3 months were enrolled. They were randomly divided into a forest bathing alone (FBA) group and a forest bathing with exercise (FBE) group; each group included 32 subjects. All subjects from both groups walked every morning in the forest for about 2 hours for 5 days...
December 2015: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26633447/physiological-and-psychological-effects-of-a-forest-therapy-program-on-middle-aged-females
#4
Hiroko Ochiai, Harumi Ikei, Chorong Song, Maiko Kobayashi, Takashi Miura, Takahide Kagawa, Qing Li, Shigeyoshi Kumeda, Michiko Imai, Yoshifumi Miyazaki
The natural environment is increasingly recognized as an effective counter to urban stress, and "Forest Therapy" has recently attracted attention as a relaxation and stress management activity with demonstrated clinical efficacy. The present study assessed the physiological and psychological effects of a forest therapy program on middle-aged females. Seventeen Japanese females (62.2 ± 9.4 years; mean ± standard deviation) participated in this experiment. Pulse rate, salivary cortisol level, and psychological indices were measured on the day before forest therapy and on the forest therapy day...
December 2015: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25994348/-psychological-effects-of-forest-therapy-program-on-workers
#5
Harumi Ikei, Haruka Koizumi, Chorong Song, Mitsunori Kouzuki, Seiichiro Teratani, Takahiro Sakuma, Yoshifumi Miyazaki
OBJECTIVES: To examine the psychological effects of forest therapy program on workers. METHODS: The subjective symptoms index, a shortened version of the profile of mood states (POMS), and a semantic differential (SD) method were used to measure the psychological effects. RESULTS: The evaluations were performed 3 days before, during, and 1, 3, and 5 days after the forest therapy. The following results were obtained: (1) the subjective symptoms improved before breakfast and continued for 5 days; (2) the mood evaluated using POMS improved before breakfast and continued for 3 days; and (3) “comfortable,” “relaxed,” and “natural” feelings evaluated using the SD method were enhanced before breakfast, lunch, and dinner during forest therapy...
2015: Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25809507/physiological-and-psychological-effects-of-forest-therapy-on-middle-aged-males-with-high-normal-blood-pressure
#6
Hiroko Ochiai, Harumi Ikei, Chorong Song, Maiko Kobayashi, Ako Takamatsu, Takashi Miura, Takahide Kagawa, Qing Li, Shigeyoshi Kumeda, Michiko Imai, Yoshifumi Miyazaki
Time spent walking and relaxing in a forest environment ("forest bathing" or "forest therapy") has well demonstrated anti-stress effects in healthy adults, but benefits for ill or at-risk populations have not been reported. The present study assessed the physiological and psychological effects of forest therapy (relaxation and stress management activity in the forest) on middle-aged males with high-normal blood pressure. Blood pressure and several physiological and psychological indices of stress were measured the day before and approximately 2 h following forest therapy...
March 2015: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24858508/forest-medicine-research-in-japan
#7
REVIEW
Yoshifumi Miyazaki, Harumi Ikei, Chorong Song
There has been growing attention on the effects of forest on physiological relaxation and immune recovery, particularly in forest medicine research, from a perspective of preventive medicine. Japan is a world leader in the accumulation of scientific data on forest medicine research. In this review, we summarize the research that has been conducted in this area since 1992. We conducted field experiment, involving 420 subjects at 35 different forests throughout Japan. After sitting in natural surroundings, these subjects showed decrease in the following physiological parameters compared with those in an urban control group: 12...
2014: Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24858507/possibility-of-clinical-applications-of-forest-medicine
#8
REVIEW
Qing Li, Tomoyuki Kawada
Since 2004, we have conducted a series of studies of the effect of forest therapy on human health and established forest therapy as a new preventive strategy. We have found that forest therapy has many beneficial effects on human health. However, there is almost no study dealing with the possibility of clinical applications of forest therapy. In this review, we discuss the possibility of clinical applications of forest therapy from the following viewpoints: 1. Forest therapy can decrease blood pressure, heart rate, sympathetic nerve activity, and levels of stress hormones, such as urinary adrenaline and noradrenaline, and can increase parasympathetic nerve activity, suggesting its preventive effect on hypertension...
2014: Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24858506/elucidation-of-the-physiological-adjustment-effect-of-forest-therapy
#9
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Chorong Song, Harumi Ikei, Yoshifumi Miyazaki
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to elucidate the physiological adjustment effect of forest therapy based on the Law of Initial Value. METHODS: The experiments were conducted in nine forest and urban areas in Japan during the period from 2011 to 2012. There were 12 male Japanese university students participating in each of the nine experiments (total, 108 participants). Of these, 98 subjects (mean age ± standard deviation, 21.4 ± 1.6 years) were analyzed...
2014: Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24858505/physiological-and-psychological-effects-of-viewing-forest-landscapes-in-a-seated-position-in-one-day-forest-therapy-experimental-model
#10
Harumi Ikei, Chorong Song, Takahide Kagawa, Yoshifumi Miyazaki
OBJECTIVES: To clarify the physiological and psychological effects of a one-day forest therapy. METHODS: The experiments were conducted at three sites, each containing a forest area and an urban area in Japan. Twelve male students participated at each of the three venues (total, 36 subjects). The subjects were randomly assigned to visit either the forest or urban area and were instructed to view the scenery in a seated position for 15 min. Heart rate variability and heart rate were measured to assess physiological response...
2014: Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24858504/physiological-and-psychological-effects-of-walking-in-stay-in-forest-therapy
#11
Bum-Jin Park, Yuko Tsunetsugu, Takeshi Morikawa, Takahide Kagawa, Juyoung Lee, Harumi Ikei, Chorong Song, Yoshifumi Miyazaki
OBJECTIVE: To provide scientific evidence of the physiological and psychological effects of forest and urban environments on 47 young male adults undergoing stay-in forest therapy. METHODS: Field experiments were conducted at four sites in Japan. At each site, 12 subjects participated in the experiment. The experiments were conducted in forest and urban environments, and the subjects' physiological and psychological responses to these environments were compared...
2014: Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24660018/influence-of-forest-therapy-on-cardiovascular-relaxation-in-young-adults
#12
Juyoung Lee, Yuko Tsunetsugu, Norimasa Takayama, Bum-Jin Park, Qing Li, Chorong Song, Misako Komatsu, Harumi Ikei, Liisa Tyrväinen, Takahide Kagawa, Yoshifumi Miyazaki
Background. Despite increasing attention toward forest therapy as an alternative medicine, very little evidence continues to be available on its therapeutic effects. Therefore, this study was focused on elucidating the health benefits of forest walking on cardiovascular reactivity. Methods. Within-group comparisons were used to examine the cardiovascular responses to walking in forest and urban environments. Forty-eight young adult males participated in the two-day field research. Changes in heart rate variability, heart rate, and blood pressure were measured to understand cardiovascular reactivity...
2014: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24088391/individual-differences-in-the-physiological-effects-of-forest-therapy-based-on-type-a-and-type-b-behavior-patterns
#13
Chorong Song, Harumi Ikei, Juyoung Lee, Bum-Jin Park, Takahide Kagawa, Yoshifumi Miyazaki
BACKGROUND: In recent years, the physiological relaxation effects of natural environments have been widely exploited, and although individual differences in the effects of forest therapy are known, assessment methods have not been clearly established. This study used a classification based on Type A and Type B behavior patterns to explain individual differences in physiological responses to forest environments. METHODS: We performed physiological experiments in 44 forest and urban (controls) areas...
2013: Journal of Physiological Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23452710/spiritual-care-of-cancer-patients-by-integrated-medicine-in-urban-green-space-a-pilot-study
#14
Maiko Nakau, Jiro Imanishi, Junichi Imanishi, Satoko Watanabe, Ayumi Imanishi, Takeshi Baba, Kei Hirai, Toshinori Ito, Wataru Chiba, Yukihiro Morimoto
BACKGROUND: Psycho-oncological care, including spiritual care, is essential for cancer patients. Integrated medicine, a therapy combining modern western medicine with various kinds of complementary and alternative medicine, can be appropriate for the spiritual care of cancer because of the multidimensional characteristics of the spirituality. In particular, therapies that enable patients to establish a deeper contact with nature, inspire feelings of life and growth of plants, and involve meditation may be useful for spiritual care as well as related aspects such as emotion...
March 2013: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22888281/a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials-on-curative-and-health-enhancement-effects-of-forest-therapy
#15
Hiroharu Kamioka, Kiichiro Tsutani, Yoshiteru Mutoh, Takuya Honda, Nobuyoshi Shiozawa, Shinpei Okada, Sang-Jun Park, Jun Kitayuguchi, Masamitsu Kamada, Hiroyasu Okuizumi, Shuichi Handa
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the evidence for curative and health enhancement effects through forest therapy and to assess the quality of studies based on a review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). STUDY DESIGN: A systematic review based on RCTs. METHODS: Studies were eligible if they were RCTs. Studies included one treatment group in which forest therapy was applied. The following databases - from 1990 to November 9, 2010 - were searched: MEDLINE via PubMed, CINAHL, Web of Science, and Ichushi- Web...
2012: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22007608/the-effect-of-cognitive-behavior-therapy-based-forest-therapy-program-on-blood-pressure-salivary-cortisol-level-and-quality-of-life-in-elderly-hypertensive-patients
#16
Jidong Sung, Jong-Min Woo, Won Kim, Seoung-Kyeon Lim, Eun-Joo Chung
OBJECTIVE: This article aimed to develop the "forest therapy" program, which is a cognitive behavior therapy (CBT)-based intervention program using forest environment, and investigate its effects on blood pressure (BP), salivary cortisol, and quality of life (QoL) measures in patients with hypertension. METHODS: A total of 56 men and women were enrolled for this study, being referred from local health centers in Republic of Korea, from April to October 2009. They were conveniently assigned to either "forest" group participating in the forest therapy program or control group doing self-monitoring of BP...
2012: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21996767/-report-on-how-to-stimulate-local-economy-using-forest-therapy-and-on-effect-of-forest-therapy-in-akazawa
#17
Shigeyoshi Kumeda, Homare Sakai, Shinobu Hirata, Yoshinori Koyama
In 2006, the Akazawa National Forest was accredited as a base of forest therapy. On the assumption that forest therapy is effective for the prevention of lifestyle-related diseases, we started a project to prove the medical effectivity of forest therapy. We also attempted to find a way to stimulate the local economy using forest therapy. As an application of forest therapy for local economy stimulation, we established a clinic in the Akazawa National Forest and offered medical advice and suggested hiking routes...
September 2011: Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21996766/-psychological-relaxation-effect-of-forest-therapy-results-of-field-experiments-in-19-forests-in-japan-involving-228-participants
#18
Yuko Tsunetsugu, Bum-Jin Park, Juyoung Lee, Takahide Kagawa, Yoshifumi Miyazaki
OBJECTIVES: In the present study, we aimed to clarify the psychological effects of shinrin-yoku (taking in the atmosphere of the forest) by conducting field experiments. METHODS: The experiments were conducted in 19 forested and urban areas in Japan during the 2007-2010 period. Twelve male students participated at each of the 19 areas (a total of 228 persons). Subjective ratings of "comfortable-uncomfortable", "soothing-stimulating", and "natural-artificial" feelings were conducted after each of the participants had viewed the scenery for 15 min in the forested and urban areas...
September 2011: Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21996765/-physiological-benefits-of-forest-environment-based-on-field-research-at-4-sites
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Juyoung Lee, Bum-Jin Park, Yuko Tsunetsugu, Takahide Kagawa, Yoshifumi Miyazaki
OBJECTIVE: To provide scientific evidence of the health benefits of forest therapy in terms of physiological indices. DESIGN: Within-group comparison made by conducting field experiments. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-eight young male adults. METHODS: Field experiments were conducted at four local sites in Japan. At each site, 12 adults participated in a three-day experiment. To compare physiological reactions between two environmental stimuli, experiments were conducted in forest and urban environments...
September 2011: Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21996763/-preventive-medical-effects-of-nature-therapy
#20
Yoshifumi Miyazaki, Juyoung Lee, Bum-Jin Park, Yuko Tsunetsugu, Keiko Matsunaga
Five million years has passed since a subset of primates recognizably became human. Because we have already spent more than 99.99% of our evolutionary history in natural environments, it is thought that we are essentially adaptive to nature. However, we live in a society characterized by urbanization and artificiality, despite our physiological functions still being adapted to nature. We conducted experiments involving 420 subjects at 35 different forests throughout Japan. As a result, these subjects sitting in natural surroundings showed decreases in the following physiological indices compared with the urban control group: 12...
September 2011: Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Hygiene
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