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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062933/single-cycle-induction-chemotherapy-for-resectable-advanced-hypopharyngeal-cancer
#1
Torahiko Nakashima, Ryuji Yasumatsu, Kaori Asai, Hideoki Uryu, Ryunosuke Kogo, Takashi Nakagawa
BACKGROUND: The role of induction chemotherapy (IC) in the treatment of resectable advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma has not been elucidated, and the most effective IC regimen for chemoselection is still unknown. At our institute we have not used the triple combination of docetaxel, cisplatin, fluorouracil (TPF) for chemoselection, but rather the double combination of docetaxel + cisplatin (TP). The aim of this study is to report the outcome of patients with advanced hypopharyngeal cancer treated by single cycle of IC with TP followed by chemoradiation (CRT) or surgery...
January 6, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056739/from-natural-products-to-designer-drugs-development-and-molecular-mechanisms-of-action-of-novel-anti-microtubule-breast-cancer-therapeutics
#2
Tejashree Mahaddalkar, Manu Lopus
Microtubule-targeted drugs (MTDs) have been on the forefront of breast cancer chemotherapy. Classic MTDs, such as paclitaxel and their semisynthetic derivatives, have achieved considerable success in the clinical management of breast neoplasms. In order to improve the specificity and to reduce undesirable, dose-limiting toxicities of these drugs, a plethora of novel compounds are being synthesized and investigated in laboratories worldwide. Due to their crucial roles during cell division, and to the fact that the suppression of their innate 'dynamic instability' can arrest cell cycle progression, microtubules formed an attractive target for cancer chemotherapy...
4, 2017: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054139/-local-ablative-radiotherapy-of-oligometastatic-colorectal-cancer
#3
C Petersen, T Gauer
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) often presents as oligometastatic disease. Currently available intensive systemic treatment regimens, including combination chemotherapy and molecular targeted agents, result in tumor response and transient to long-term disease control in a high percentage of patients, thus raising the question of further management. Secondary resection and ablation, e.g. by surgery or radiofrequency may contribute to long-term survival and even be curative or at least allow a relevant chemotherapy-free interval...
January 4, 2017: Der Radiologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042061/distress-based-gastrointestinal-symptom-clusters-and-impact-on-symptom-interference-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-a-hematologic-malignancy-receiving-chemotherapy
#4
Catherine Cherwin, Yelena Perkhounkova
BACKGROUND/SIGNIFICANCE: People with cancer can experience co-occurring, related symptoms, labeled symptom clusters. Gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms are common side-effects of chemotherapy but little research has investigated GI symptom clusters. A further gap in symptom cluster research is the lack of studies reporting symptom clusters based on symptom distress ratings. PURPOSE: To identify distress-based GI symptom clusters and to investigate their relationship to symptom interference with daily life and quality of life (QoL)...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995318/nausea-and-disturbed-sleep-as-predictors-of-cancer-related-fatigue-in-breast-cancer-patients-a-multicenter-ncorp-study
#5
Anita R Peoples, Joseph A Roscoe, Robert C Block, Charles E Heckler, Julie L Ryan, Karen M Mustian, Michelle C Janelsins, Luke J Peppone, Dennis F Moore, Charlotte Coles, Karen L Hoelzer, Gary R Morrow, Ann M Dozier
PURPOSE: Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is a prevalent and distressing side effect of cancer and its treatment that remains inadequately understood and poorly managed. A better understanding of the factors contributing to CRF could result in more effective strategies for the prevention and treatment of CRF. The objectives of this study were to examine the prevalence, severity, and potential predictors for the early onset of CRF after chemotherapy cycle 1 in breast cancer patients. METHODS: We report on a secondary data analysis of 548 female breast cancer patients from a phase III multi-center randomized controlled trial examining antiemetic efficacy...
December 20, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990706/the-symptom-experiences-of-puerto-rican-children-undergoing-cancer-treatments-and-alleviation-practices-as-reported-by-their-mothers
#6
Velda J Gonzalez-Mercado, Phoebe D Williams, Arthur R Williams, Elsa Pedro, Gloria Colon
Although symptoms during cancer treatments are prevalent and are important clinical outcomes of childhood cancer, the symptom experiences of Puerto Rican children along with the symptom alleviation/care practices that parents provide during cancer treatments have received limited attention. To examine the occurrence/severity of symptoms on the Therapy-Related Symptom Checklist-Children (TRSC-C), reported by mothers of Puerto Rican children undergoing cancer treatments and identifying mothers' symptom alleviation/management strategies...
December 19, 2016: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927586/rituximab-bendamustine-and-low-dose-cytarabine-as-induction-therapy-in-elderly-patients-with-mantle-cell-lymphoma-a-multicentre-phase-2-trial-from-fondazione-italiana-linfomi
#7
Carlo Visco, Annalisa Chiappella, Luca Nassi, Caterina Patti, Simone Ferrero, Daniela Barbero, Andrea Evangelista, Michele Spina, Annalia Molinari, Luigi Rigacci, Monica Tani, Alice Di Rocco, Graziella Pinotti, Alberto Fabbri, Renato Zambello, Silvia Finotto, Manuel Gotti, Angelo M Carella, Flavia Salvi, Stefano A Pileri, Marco Ladetto, Giovannino Ciccone, Gianluca Gaidano, Marco Ruggeri, Maurizio Martelli, Umberto Vitolo
BACKGROUND: The combination of rituximab, bendamustine, and cytarabine (R-BAC) was highly active in a pilot trial of mantle cell lymphoma, but its use was restricted by high haematological toxicity. We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of an R-BAC regimen with low-dose cytarabine (RBAC500). METHODS: In this multicentre, phase 2 trial, we recruited previously untreated patients with an established histological diagnosis of mantle cell lymphoma from 29 Fondazione Italiana Linfomi centres in Italy...
January 2017: Lancet Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927117/pain-management-for-chemotherapy-induced-oral-mucositis
#8
Michelle Bennett
The number of children and young people diagnosed with cancer is increasing every year. Pain is a significant side effect of disease, surgery and treatments including chemotherapy. After a course of intensive chemotherapy, some children develop oral mucositis, a debilitating condition causing bleeding, pain and inflammation. Moderate and severe mucositis pain is treated with continued good oral hygiene and parenteral analgesia. The aim of this article is to identify challenges in managing chemotherapy-induced oral mucositis pain in children, and to highlight the benefits of adding ketamine as an adjuvant analgesic...
December 8, 2016: Nursing Children and Young People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917207/experiences-of-patients-undergoing-chemotherapy-a-qualitative-study-of-adults-attending-uganda-cancer-institute
#9
Peter B Wampaalu, Lars E Eriksson, Allen Naamala, Rose C Nabirye, Lena Wettergren
BACKGROUND: Cancer is a global public health challenge and how patients in countries with poor healthcare infrastructure experience cancer treatment is largely unknown. PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to describe adult Ugandan cancer patients' experiences of undergoing chemotherapy treatment. METHODOLOGY: Using a qualitative descriptive design, seven in-patients with varying cancer diagnoses at the Uganda Cancer Institute were interviewed about their experiences of undergoing chemotherapy treatment; the interviews were transcribed and analysed thematically...
September 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896578/is-there-evidence-for-a-close-connection-between-side-of-intravesical-tumor-location-and-ipsilateral-lymphatic-spread-in-lymph-node-positive-bladder-cancer-patients-at-radical-cystectomy-results-of-the-prometrics-2011-database
#10
M May, C Protzel, M W Vetterlein, M Gierth, J Noldus, A Karl, T Grimm, B Wullich, M O Grimm, P Nuhn, P J Bastian, J Roigas, B Hadaschik, C Gilfrich, M Burger, M Fisch, S Brookman-May, A Aziz, O W Hakenberg
PURPOSE: To evaluate the possible association between bladder tumor location and the laterality of positive lymph nodes (LN) in a prospectively collected multi-institutional radical cystectomy (RC) series. METHODS: The study population included 148 node-positive bladder cancer (BC) patients undergoing RC and pelvic lymph node dissection in 2011 without neoadjuvant chemotherapy and without distant metastasis. Tumor location was classified as right, left or bilateral and compared to the laterality of positive pelvic LN...
November 28, 2016: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857840/tolvaptan-use-during-hyperhydration-in-paediatric-intracranial-lymphoma-with-siadh
#11
Ruben H Willemsen, Violeta Delgado-Carballar, Daniela Elleri, Ajay Thankamony, G A Amos Burke, James C Nicholson, David B Dunger
: An 11-year-old boy developed severe syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) after diagnosis of an intracranial B-cell lymphoma. His sodium levels dropped to 118-120 mmol/L despite 70% fluid restriction. For chemotherapy, he required hyperhydration, which posed a challenge because of severe hyponatraemia. Tolvaptan is an oral, highly selective arginine vasopressin V2-receptor antagonist, which has been licensed in adults for the management of SIADH and has been used in treating paediatric heart failure...
2016: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857691/chemotherapy-induced-constipation-and-diarrhea-pathophysiology-current-and-emerging-treatments
#12
REVIEW
Rachel M McQuade, Vanesa Stojanovska, Raquel Abalo, Joel C Bornstein, Kulmira Nurgali
Gastrointestinal (GI) side-effects of chemotherapy are a debilitating and often overlooked clinical hurdle in cancer management. Chemotherapy-induced constipation (CIC) and Diarrhea (CID) present a constant challenge in the efficient and tolerable treatment of cancer and are amongst the primary contributors to dose reductions, delays and cessation of treatment. Although prevalence of CIC is hard to estimate, it is believed to affect approximately 16% of cancer patients, whilst incidence of CID has been estimated to be as high as 80%...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857268/managing-chemotherapy-side-effects-achieving-reliable-and-equitable-outcomes
#13
Clara C Beaver, Morris A Magnan
Receiving information about treatment-related side effects is a high priority for patients receiving chemotherapy. Infusion nurses typically assume responsibility for teaching patients how to manage treatment-related side effects, but providing reliable and equitable information across visits and across different infusion centers can present a problem. Implementing a standardized, patient-centered, departure encounter checklist can help ensure that nurses consistently provide patients with targeted, timely, and regimen-specific information about treatment-related side effects...
December 1, 2016: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852186/supportive-care-of-women-with-breast-cancer-key-concerns-and-practical-solutions
#14
Nicholas Zdenkowski, Stephanie Tesson, Janine Lombard, Melanie Lovell, Sandra Hayes, Prudence A Francis, Haryana M Dhillon, Frances M Boyle
Patients diagnosed with breast cancer may have supportive care needs for many years after diagnosis. High quality multidisciplinary care can help address these needs and reduce the physical and psychological effects of breast cancer and its treatment. Ovarian suppression and extended endocrine therapy benefits are associated with vasomotor, musculoskeletal, sexual and bone density-related side effects. Aromatase inhibitor musculoskeletal syndrome is a common reason for treatment discontinuation. Treatment strategies include education, exercise, simple analgesia and a change to tamoxifen or another aromatase inhibitor...
November 21, 2016: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843598/cancer-and-liver-cirrhosis-implications-on-prognosis-and-management
#15
REVIEW
Matthias Pinter, Michael Trauner, Markus Peck-Radosavljevic, Wolfgang Sieghart
Liver cirrhosis, the end-stage of every chronic liver disease, is not only the major risk factor for the development of hepatocellular carcinoma but also a limiting factor for anticancer therapy of liver and non-hepatic malignancies. Liver cirrhosis may limit surgical and interventional approaches to cancer treatment, influence pharmacokinetics of anticancer drugs, increase side effects of chemotherapy, render patients susceptible for hepatotoxicity, and ultimately result in a competitive risk for morbidity and mortality...
2016: ESMO Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836000/unusual-side-effect-from-a-luteinizing-hormone-releasing-hormone-agonist-leuprorelin-in-the-treatment-of-prostate-cancer-a-case-report
#16
John I-Chiang Chang, Joseph Bucci
BACKGROUND: The treatment options for high-risk prostate cancer are either radical prostatectomy or radiotherapy/brachytherapy depending on the patients' prognosis. In older men with multiple comorbidities, radiotherapy with androgen deprivation therapy is an attractive option. Common side effects of androgen deprivation therapy include hot flushes, tiredness, increased risk of fractures, increased risk of metabolic disorders, coronary heart disease, and psychological effects. This case highlights the potential side effect of lipodystrophy secondary to leuprolide acetate injections...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824587/failure-to-achieve-therapeutic-levels-with-high-dose-posaconazole-tablets-potentially-due-to-enhanced-clearance
#17
Sam Maleki, Carmela Corallo, John Coutsouvelis, Jasmine Singh
AIM: To describe a case of persistent sub-therapeutic posaconazole levels in setting of salvage chemotherapy for relapsed acute myeloid leukemia. CASE DETAILS: A 57-year-old male was admitted for the management of relapsed acute myeloid leukemia and ongoing pulmonary aspergillosis. While continuing on posaconazole tablet 300 mg daily, he received a course of salvage chemotherapy. The initial steady state posaconazole trough level was therapeutic at 0.84 mg/L (target >0...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812252/chemotherapy-and-radiation-induced-pulmonary-dysfunction-in-hodgkin-lymphoma-patients
#18
Sebnem Izmir Guner, Mustafa Teoman Yanmaz, Ahmet Selvi, Cigdem Usul
Although the deterioration in pulmonary functions is a well-known important problem due to the treatment of the Hodgkin's lymphoma patients, the immediate and long term effects of the therapy and its distinctive components were not shown clearly yet. We planned to investigate effects of multiple agent chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy to pulmonary functions immediately and thereafter and the possible effects of the managing this situation. 34 patients were included the study. The patients were evaluated for peak expiratory flow (PEF), forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1), forced expiratory vital capacity (FVC), mean total lung capacity (TLC) values, FEV1/FVC ratio, diffusing capacity for carbonmonoxide (DLco), diffusing capacity for carbonmonoxide corrected for hemoglobin concentration (DLCO) before and at 1, 6 and 12 months after the initiation of the treatment...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803477/pharmaceutical-investigation-for-individualized-and-optimal-cancer-pharmacotherapy
#19
Tomohiro Terada
 After the year 2000, the treatment of cancer remarkably changed, including the development of outpatient cancer chemotherapy. Meanwhile, we have encountered many clinical problems related to cancer patient pharmacy services. To resolve these problems, I have tried to establish the individualized and optimal cancer pharmacotherapy utilizing the findings of basic research. In this review, three topics of my research will be introduced. 1) In 2005, information regarding the genetic polymorphism of UGT1A1*28 was described in the package insert of the drug irinotecan in the United States...
2016: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790867/adjuvant-treatment-combining-cellular-immunotherapy-with-chemotherapy-improves-the-clinical-outcome-of-patients-with-stage-ii-iii-gastric-cancer
#20
Yizhuo Wang, Chang Wang, Huijie Xiao, Chao Niu, Haitao Wu, Haofan Jin, Cheng Yao, Hua He, Huimin Tian, Fujun Han, Dan Li, Wei Han, Jianting Xu, Jingtao Chen, Jiuwei Cui, Wei Li
Postsurgical relapse remains a common issue for resectable gastric cancer (GC). Here, we investigated the efficacy and safety of an adjuvant treatment combining chemotherapy with cellular immunotherapy (CIT) using autologous natural killer cells, γδT cells, and cytokine-induced killer cells in the treatment of stage II/III GC. A pilot prospective cohort study was conducted in 169 patients with stage II/III GC who had undergone gastrectomy with D2 lymph node dissection. Patients were assigned into two groups according to the patient choice of treatment, including chemotherapy alone (chemo) or chemotherapy combined with CIT (chemo/CIT)...
October 27, 2016: Cancer Medicine
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