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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917207/experiences-of-patients-undergoing-chemotherapy-a-qualitative-study-of-adults-attending-uganda-cancer-institute
#1
Peter B Wampaalu, Lars E Eriksson, Allen Naamala, Rose C Nabirye, Lena Wettergren
BACKGROUND: Cancer is a global public health challenge and how patients in countries with poor healthcare infrastructure experience cancer treatment is largely unknown. PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to describe adult Ugandan cancer patients' experiences of undergoing chemotherapy treatment. METHODOLOGY: Using a qualitative descriptive design, seven in-patients with varying cancer diagnoses at the Uganda Cancer Institute were interviewed about their experiences of undergoing chemotherapy treatment; the interviews were transcribed and analysed thematically...
September 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896578/is-there-evidence-for-a-close-connection-between-side-of-intravesical-tumor-location-and-ipsilateral-lymphatic-spread-in-lymph-node-positive-bladder-cancer-patients-at-radical-cystectomy-results-of-the-prometrics-2011-database
#2
M May, C Protzel, M W Vetterlein, M Gierth, J Noldus, A Karl, T Grimm, B Wullich, M O Grimm, P Nuhn, P J Bastian, J Roigas, B Hadaschik, C Gilfrich, M Burger, M Fisch, S Brookman-May, A Aziz, O W Hakenberg
PURPOSE: To evaluate the possible association between bladder tumor location and the laterality of positive lymph nodes (LN) in a prospectively collected multi-institutional radical cystectomy (RC) series. METHODS: The study population included 148 node-positive bladder cancer (BC) patients undergoing RC and pelvic lymph node dissection in 2011 without neoadjuvant chemotherapy and without distant metastasis. Tumor location was classified as right, left or bilateral and compared to the laterality of positive pelvic LN...
November 28, 2016: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857840/tolvaptan-use-during-hyperhydration-in-paediatric-intracranial-lymphoma-with-siadh
#3
Ruben H Willemsen, Violeta Delgado-Carballar, Daniela Elleri, Ajay Thankamony, G A Amos Burke, James C Nicholson, David B Dunger
: An 11-year-old boy developed severe syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) after diagnosis of an intracranial B-cell lymphoma. His sodium levels dropped to 118-120 mmol/L despite 70% fluid restriction. For chemotherapy, he required hyperhydration, which posed a challenge because of severe hyponatraemia. Tolvaptan is an oral, highly selective arginine vasopressin V2-receptor antagonist, which has been licensed in adults for the management of SIADH and has been used in treating paediatric heart failure...
2016: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857691/chemotherapy-induced-constipation-and-diarrhea-pathophysiology-current-and-emerging-treatments
#4
REVIEW
Rachel M McQuade, Vanesa Stojanovska, Raquel Abalo, Joel C Bornstein, Kulmira Nurgali
Gastrointestinal (GI) side-effects of chemotherapy are a debilitating and often overlooked clinical hurdle in cancer management. Chemotherapy-induced constipation (CIC) and Diarrhea (CID) present a constant challenge in the efficient and tolerable treatment of cancer and are amongst the primary contributors to dose reductions, delays and cessation of treatment. Although prevalence of CIC is hard to estimate, it is believed to affect approximately 16% of cancer patients, whilst incidence of CID has been estimated to be as high as 80%...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857268/managing-chemotherapy-side-effects-achieving-reliable-and-equitable-outcomes
#5
Clara C Beaver, Morris A Magnan
Receiving information about treatment-related side effects is a high priority for patients receiving chemotherapy. Infusion nurses typically assume responsibility for teaching patients how to manage treatment-related side effects, but providing reliable and equitable information across visits and across different infusion centers can present a problem. Implementing a standardized, patient-centered, departure encounter checklist can help ensure that nurses consistently provide patients with targeted, timely, and regimen-specific information about treatment-related side effects...
December 1, 2016: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852186/supportive-care-of-women-with-breast-cancer-key-concerns-and-practical-solutions
#6
Nicholas Zdenkowski, Stephanie Tesson, Janine Lombard, Melanie Lovell, Sandra Hayes, Prudence A Francis, Haryana M Dhillon, Frances M Boyle
Patients diagnosed with breast cancer may have supportive care needs for many years after diagnosis. High quality multidisciplinary care can help address these needs and reduce the physical and psychological effects of breast cancer and its treatment. Ovarian suppression and extended endocrine therapy benefits are associated with vasomotor, musculoskeletal, sexual and bone density-related side effects. Aromatase inhibitor musculoskeletal syndrome is a common reason for treatment discontinuation. Treatment strategies include education, exercise, simple analgesia and a change to tamoxifen or another aromatase inhibitor...
November 21, 2016: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843598/cancer-and-liver-cirrhosis-implications-on-prognosis-and-management
#7
REVIEW
Matthias Pinter, Michael Trauner, Markus Peck-Radosavljevic, Wolfgang Sieghart
Liver cirrhosis, the end-stage of every chronic liver disease, is not only the major risk factor for the development of hepatocellular carcinoma but also a limiting factor for anticancer therapy of liver and non-hepatic malignancies. Liver cirrhosis may limit surgical and interventional approaches to cancer treatment, influence pharmacokinetics of anticancer drugs, increase side effects of chemotherapy, render patients susceptible for hepatotoxicity, and ultimately result in a competitive risk for morbidity and mortality...
2016: ESMO Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836000/unusual-side-effect-from-a-luteinizing-hormone-releasing-hormone-agonist-leuprorelin-in-the-treatment-of-prostate-cancer-a-case-report
#8
John I-Chiang Chang, Joseph Bucci
BACKGROUND: The treatment options for high-risk prostate cancer are either radical prostatectomy or radiotherapy/brachytherapy depending on the patients' prognosis. In older men with multiple comorbidities, radiotherapy with androgen deprivation therapy is an attractive option. Common side effects of androgen deprivation therapy include hot flushes, tiredness, increased risk of fractures, increased risk of metabolic disorders, coronary heart disease, and psychological effects. This case highlights the potential side effect of lipodystrophy secondary to leuprolide acetate injections...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824587/failure-to-achieve-therapeutic-levels-with-high-dose-posaconazole-tablets-potentially-due-to-enhanced-clearance
#9
Sam Maleki, Carmela Corallo, John Coutsouvelis, Jasmine Singh
AIM: To describe a case of persistent sub-therapeutic posaconazole levels in setting of salvage chemotherapy for relapsed acute myeloid leukemia. CASE DETAILS: A 57-year-old male was admitted for the management of relapsed acute myeloid leukemia and ongoing pulmonary aspergillosis. While continuing on posaconazole tablet 300 mg daily, he received a course of salvage chemotherapy. The initial steady state posaconazole trough level was therapeutic at 0.84 mg/L (target >0...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812252/chemotherapy-and-radiation-induced-pulmonary-dysfunction-in-hodgkin-lymphoma-patients
#10
Sebnem Izmir Guner, Mustafa Teoman Yanmaz, Ahmet Selvi, Cigdem Usul
Although the deterioration in pulmonary functions is a well-known important problem due to the treatment of the Hodgkin's lymphoma patients, the immediate and long term effects of the therapy and its distinctive components were not shown clearly yet. We planned to investigate effects of multiple agent chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy to pulmonary functions immediately and thereafter and the possible effects of the managing this situation. 34 patients were included the study. The patients were evaluated for peak expiratory flow (PEF), forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1), forced expiratory vital capacity (FVC), mean total lung capacity (TLC) values, FEV1/FVC ratio, diffusing capacity for carbonmonoxide (DLco), diffusing capacity for carbonmonoxide corrected for hemoglobin concentration (DLCO) before and at 1, 6 and 12 months after the initiation of the treatment...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803477/pharmaceutical-investigation-for-individualized-and-optimal-cancer-pharmacotherapy
#11
Tomohiro Terada
 After the year 2000, the treatment of cancer remarkably changed, including the development of outpatient cancer chemotherapy. Meanwhile, we have encountered many clinical problems related to cancer patient pharmacy services. To resolve these problems, I have tried to establish the individualized and optimal cancer pharmacotherapy utilizing the findings of basic research. In this review, three topics of my research will be introduced. 1) In 2005, information regarding the genetic polymorphism of UGT1A1*28 was described in the package insert of the drug irinotecan in the United States...
2016: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790867/adjuvant-treatment-combining-cellular-immunotherapy-with-chemotherapy-improves-the-clinical-outcome-of-patients-with-stage-ii-iii-gastric-cancer
#12
Yizhuo Wang, Chang Wang, Huijie Xiao, Chao Niu, Haitao Wu, Haofan Jin, Cheng Yao, Hua He, Huimin Tian, Fujun Han, Dan Li, Wei Han, Jianting Xu, Jingtao Chen, Jiuwei Cui, Wei Li
Postsurgical relapse remains a common issue for resectable gastric cancer (GC). Here, we investigated the efficacy and safety of an adjuvant treatment combining chemotherapy with cellular immunotherapy (CIT) using autologous natural killer cells, γδT cells, and cytokine-induced killer cells in the treatment of stage II/III GC. A pilot prospective cohort study was conducted in 169 patients with stage II/III GC who had undergone gastrectomy with D2 lymph node dissection. Patients were assigned into two groups according to the patient choice of treatment, including chemotherapy alone (chemo) or chemotherapy combined with CIT (chemo/CIT)...
October 27, 2016: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785313/preoperative-chemoradiation-in-locally-advanced-rectal-cancer-efficacy-and-safety
#13
Evangelia Peponi, Vlassios Skloupiotis, Dimitris Tsironis, Ifigenia Tasiou, Antonio Capizzello, Chris Tsironis, Konstantinos E Tsimoyiannis, Evita Pitouli, Evangelos Tsimoyiannis, Pericles Tsekeris
BACKGROUND: Preoperative chemoradiation (CRT) is considered the standard of care in the management of stage II/III rectal cancer. The aim of this retrospective study was to assess the efficacy and safety of preoperative CRT in our patient cohort with locally advanced rectal adenocarcinoma. METHODS: Forty patients with cT3-4N0-2M0 adenocarcinoma of the lower (n = 26) and mid/upper (n = 14) rectum were enrolled in this study between 2001 and 2012. Radiotherapy (RT) was given to the pelvis...
December 2015: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774879/strong-anti-tumorous-potential-of-nardostachys-jatamansi-rhizome-extract-on-glioblastoma-and-in-silico-analysis-of-its-molecular-drug-targets
#14
Himanshi Kapoor, Nalini Yadav, Madhu Chopra, Sushil Chandra Mahapatra, Veena Agrawal
Glioblastoma has been reckoned as the prime cause of death due to brain tumours, being most invasive and lethal. Available treatment options, i.e. surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy and targeted therapies are not effective in improving prognosis, so an alternate therapy is insistent. Plant based drugs are efficient due to their synergistic action, multi-targeted approach and least side effects. Present investigation reports the strong anti-tumorous potential of Nardostachys jatamansi rhizome extract (NJRE) on U87 MG glioblastoma cells...
October 19, 2016: Current Cancer Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755246/a-recommended-practical-approach-to-the-management-of-anthracycline-based-chemotherapy-cardiotoxicity-an-opinion-paper-of-the-working-group-on-drug-cardiotoxicity-and-cardioprotection-italian-society-of-cardiology
#15
Paolo Spallarossa, Nicola Maurea, Christian Cadeddu, Rosalinda Madonna, Donato Mele, Ines Monte, Giuseppina Novo, Pasquale Pagliaro, Alessia Pepe, Carlo G Tocchetti, Concetta Zito, Giuseppe Mercuro
Anthracyclines are the mainstay of treatment of a variety of haematological malignancies and solid tumours. Unfortunately, the clinical use of these drugs is limited by cumulative, dose-related cardiotoxicity which may ultimately lead to a severe and irreversible form of cardiomyopathy. Thus, there is an increasing need for close cooperation among cardiologists, oncologists and haemato-oncologists. As anthracyclines save lives, the logical goal of this cooperation, besides preventing or mitigating cardiotoxicity, is to promote an acceptable balance between the potential cardiac side effects and the vital benefit of anticancer treatment...
May 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755241/cardiovascular-imaging-in-the-diagnosis-and-monitoring-of-cardiotoxicity-role-of-echocardiography
#16
Concetta Zito, Luca Longobardo, Christian Cadeddu, Ines Monte, Giuseppina Novo, Sonia Dell'Oglio, Alessia Pepe, Rosalinda Madonna, Carlo G Tocchetti, Donato Mele
The evaluation by cardiovascular imaging of chemotherapy patients became a central topic in the last several years. The use of drugs for the treatment of cancers increased, and new molecules and protocols were developed to improve outcomes in these patients. Although, these novel approaches also produced a progressive increase in side effects, particularly myocardial dysfunction. Imaging of the heart was highly accurate in the early diagnosis of cancer therapeutics related-cardiac dysfunction. Echocardiography is the first-line method to assess ventricular function alterations, and it is required to satisfy the need for an early, easy and accurate diagnosis to stratify the risk of heart failure and manage treatments...
May 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734561/patients-perceived-tolerance-of-side-effects-in-phase-i-cancer-clinical-trials-a-qualitative-study
#17
A Brédart, S Bodson, C Le Tourneau, C Flahault, F Bonnetain, A Beaudeau, E Coquan, S Dolbeault, X Paoletti
This qualitative study aimed to explore cancer patients' perceived tolerance of side effects in phase I drug trials. Patients with solid tumours receiving molecularly targeted agents with/without chemotherapy were eligible for inclusion. In-depth semi-structured interviews were carried out with 17 patients with a median [range] age of 63 [41-72] years. Treatment was discontinued in seven patients. Verbatim transcripts of the audio-taped interviews were analysed using a constructivist grounded theory approach...
October 12, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733144/successful-treatment-of-gemcitabine-induced-acute-interstitial-pneumonia-with-imatinib-mesylate-a-case-report
#18
Elisabetta Fenocchio, Ilaria Depetris, Delia Campanella, Lucia Garetto, Fabrizio Carnevale Schianca, Danilo Galizia, Giovanni Grignani, Massimo Aglietta, Francesco Leone
BACKGROUND: Gemcitabine is currently the standard chemotherapy for the adjuvant treatment of pancreatic cancer. This chemotherapeutic agent is generally well-tolerated, myelosuppression and gastrointestinal toxicity being common side effects. Nevertheless, gemcitabine-induced pulmonary toxicity has been rarely reported. Despite its low incidence, the spectrum of pulmonary injury is wide, including potentially fatal conditions. We report a case of acute interstitial pneumonia related to gemcitabine, completely solved with Imatinib Mesylate (IM)...
October 12, 2016: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730793/ondansetron-induced-life-threatening-hypokalemia
#19
S K Mathew, K Krishnan Kutty, I Ramya, C Padmakumar, Prince Pius
Ondansetron is widely used in general practice for nausea and vomiting due to any cause. We report a rare side effect, life-threatening hypokalaemia following intravenous Ondansetron injection. It may be judicious to restrict the use of Odansetron to patients with severe vomiting due to chemotherapy or in post-operative state. Life-threatening hypokalemia can occur without any warning and may be difficult to manage in a primary set up.
February 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729777/preferred-information-sources-and-needs-of-cancer-patients-on-disease-symptoms-and-management-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Abebe Basazn Mekuria, Daniel Asfaw Erku, Sewunet Admasu Belachew
PURPOSE: This study aimed at identifying the information needs of cancer patients, their preferences for the means of receiving health information, and the perceived level of satisfaction of existing possibilities for acquiring cancer-related information in Ethiopia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An institutional-based cross-sectional survey was employed on 556 cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy in the oncology wards of Gondar University Referral Hospital and Tikur Anbesa Specialized Hospital...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
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