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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758357/pharmacopuncture-with-scolopendra-subspinipes-suppresses-mechanical-allodynia-in-oxaliplatin-induced-neuropathic-mice-and-potentiates-clonidine-induced-anti-allodynia-without-hypotension-or-motor-impairment
#1
Seo-Yeon Yoon, Jeong-Yun Lee, Dae-Hyun Roh, Seog Bae Oh
Chemotherapy-induced neuropathic pain is a common dose-limiting side effect of anticancer drugs but lacks an effective treatment strategy. Scolopendra subspinipes (SS) has been used in traditional medicine to treat chronic neuronal diseases. Moreover, pharmacopuncture with SS (SSP) produces potent analgesia in humans and experimental animals. In this study, we examined the effect of SSP into the ST36 acupoint on oxaliplatin-induced mechanical allodynia in mice. Acupoint treatment with SSP (0.5%/20 μL) significantly reduced mechanical allodynia produced by a single oxaliplatin injection (10 mg/kg, i...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755695/hypertension-in-malignancy-an-underappreciated-problem
#2
REVIEW
Jolanta Małyszko, Maciej Małyszko, Leszek Kozlowski, Klaudia Kozlowska, Jacek Małyszko
Hypertension is one of the most common comorbidities in cancer patients with malignancy, in particular, in the elderly. On the other hand, hypertension is a long-term consequence of antineoplastic treatment, including both chemotherapy and targeted agents. Several chemotherapeutics and targeted drugs may be responsible for development or worsening of the hypertension. The most common side effect of anti-VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor) treatment is hypertension. However, pathogenesis of hypertension in patients receiving this therapy appears to be associated with multiple pathways and is not yet fully understood...
April 17, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754509/-new-and-traditional-directions-in-the-biology-and-management-of-childhood-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#3
Bálint Egyed, Gábor Kovács, Nóra Kutszegi, Andrea Rzepiel, Judit Csányiné Sági, Dániel János Erdélyi, Judit Müller, Ágnes Félné Semsei
Owing to clinical trials and improvement over the past few decades, the majority of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) survive by first-line chemotherapy and combat with the problems of returning to community. However, many patients may have severe acute or late therapeutic side effects, and the survival rate in some groups (e.g., patients with MLL rearrangements, hypodiploidy, IKZF1 mutation or early precursor T cell phenotype) is far behind the average. Innovative strategies in medical attendance provide better clinical outcomes for them: complete gene diagnostics, molecularly targeted anticancer treatment, immuno-oncology and immune cell therapy...
May 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751237/current-anti-diabetic-agents-and-their-molecular-targets-a-review
#4
REVIEW
Nagaraju Kerru, Ashona Singh-Pillay, Paul Awolade, Parvesh Singh
Diabetes mellitus is a medical condition characterized by the body's loss of control over blood sugar. The frequency of diagnosed cases and consequential increases in medical costs makes it a rapidly growing chronic disease that threatens human health worldwide. In addition, its unnerving statistical projections are perilous to both the economy of the nation and man's life expectancy. Type-I and type-II diabetes are the two clinical forms of diabetes mellitus. Type-II diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is illustrated by the abnormality of glucose homeostasis in the body, resulting in hyperglycemia...
May 3, 2018: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749774/bladder-cancer-overview-and-disease-management-part-1-non-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer
#5
Beverley Anderson
Part 1 of this two-part article provides an overview of bladder cancer and discusses its management. Since publication of a previous article entitled 'Understanding the role of smoking in the aetiology of bladder cancer' ( Anderson, 2009 ), the author has received many requests for an update. This article provides an overview of bladder cancer and its current management practices, underlining the continued role of smoking as the predominant risk factor in the disease's development. The management of bladder cancer is governed by specific guidelines...
May 10, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730950/emerging-intravesical-drugs-for-the-treatment-of-non-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer
#6
Jasper Crijnen, Theo M de Reijke
Bladder cancer (BC) is a severe health burden: it is the fifth most common malignancy in the world and has high recurrence and progression rates. Standard treatment starts with TURB followed by intravesical chemotherapy with Mitomycin C or immunotherapy with BCG. However, successful management still remains a challenge, because approximately 30% of patients have recurrence or progression within 5 years, and treatment has considerable side effects. Anticipating on the upcoming BCG shortage emphasizes, moreover, the necessity to develop and study novel treatments...
May 5, 2018: Expert Opinion on Emerging Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728174/sialoblastoma-in-chin-and-management-of-treatment
#7
Qian Wang, Sainan Ma, Huanhuan Chen, Mingli Yang, Weisong Cai
OBJECTIVE: Sialoblastoma is a rare salivary gland tumor mainly located in parotid. In this article, we aimed to review the clinical manifestations and treatments of sialoblastoma, especially to provide effective chemotherapy regimens to instruct internal medicine therapy for unresectable or recurrent tumors. METHOD: We reported a 1-year old girl who presented a left-sided firm facial mass and subsequently diagnosed as sialoblastoma. Afterwards, we reviewed and analyzed relevant literatures...
June 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698952/combined-systemic-chemotherapy-and-ct-guided-high-dose-rate-brachytherapy-for-isolated-local-manifestation-of-pancreatic-cancer-after-surgical-resection
#8
Caspar Franck, Peter Hass, Peter Malfertheiner, Jens Ricke, Max Seidensticker, Marino Venerito
BACKGROUND: Prospective data on the optimal management of patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) and isolated local manifestation (ILM) after surgery are lacking. Hence, no statements with respect to this entity have been released from most international guidelines including European Society for Medical Oncology, National Comprehensive Cancer Network, and American Society for Clinical Oncology. METHODS: We report for the first time a case-series of 3 patients with PDA and ILM receiving combined systemic chemotherapy and CT-guided high-dose-rate interstitial brachytherapy (CT-HDRBT)...
April 26, 2018: Digestion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695418/role-of-complement-in-a-rat-model-of-paclitaxel-induced-peripheral-neuropathy
#9
Jijun Xu, Lingjun Zhang, Mian Xie, Yan Li, Ping Huang, Thomas L Saunders, David A Fox, Richard Rosenquist, Feng Lin
Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) is a painful and debilitating side effect of cancer chemotherapy with an unclear pathogenesis. Consequently, the available therapies for this neuropathic pain syndrome are inadequate, leading to a significantly reduced quality of life in many patients. Complement, a key component of the innate immune system, has been associated with neuroinflammation, a potentially important trigger of some types of neuropathic pain. However, the role of complement in CIPN remains unclear...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685874/impact-of-oral-side-effects-from-conditioning-therapy-before-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-protocol-for-a-multicenter-study
#10
Michael T Brennan, Bengt Hasséus, Allan J Hovan, Judith E Raber-Durlacher, Nicole Ma Blijlevens, Marie-Charlotte Huysmans, Karin Garming Legert, Jan-Erik Johansson, Charity G Moore, Inger von Bültzingslöwen
BACKGROUND: The oral cavity is a common site of complications related to the cytotoxic effect of high-dose chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Considering our limited understanding of the burden of illness in the oral cavity from various cytotoxic therapies, it is difficult to produce evidence-based, preventive and management protocols. A prospective multicenter study is necessary to collect data on the burden of illness from various cytotoxic regimens. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this prospective international observational multicenter study in hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) patients are to establish the nature, incidence and temporal relationship of oral complications related to conditioning regimens (chemotherapy with or without total body irradiation), stem cell transplantation and the immunologic reactions (mainly graft-vs-host-disease) that may follow, and to determine what subjective and objective oral complications related to treatment can predict negative clinical and economic outcomes and reduced quality of life...
April 23, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683116/prevalence-severity-and-self-reported-characteristics-of-taste-alterations-in-patients-receiving-chemotherapy
#11
Sara Campagna, Silvia Gonella, Riccardo Sperlinga, Piero L Giuliano, Rosella Marchese, Rebecca Pedersini, Paola Berchialla, Valerio Dimonte
OBJECTIVES: To describe the prevalence, severity, and self-reported characteristics of taste alterations (TAs) induced by chemotherapy and to investigate TAs across chemotherapy regimens. SAMPLE & SETTING: 243 adult patients from five outpatient practices in Northern Italy. METHODS & VARIABLES: Correlation, univariate, and multivariate linear regression analyses. Variables include TAs, symptoms reported by patients, and the effect of TAs on quality of life...
May 1, 2018: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681985/natural-products-for-the-management-and-prevention-of-breast-cancer
#12
REVIEW
Sarmistha Mitra, Raju Dash
Among all types of cancer, breast cancer is one of the most challenging diseases, which is responsible for a large number of cancer related deaths. Hormonal therapy, surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy have been used as treatment of breast cancer, for a very long time. Due to severe side effects and multidrug resistance, these treatment approaches become increasingly ineffective. However, adoption of complementary treatment approach can be a big solution for this situation, as it is evident that compounds derived from natural source have a great deal of anticancer activity...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679857/the-risk-of-immune-related-endocrine-disorders-associated-with-anti-pd-1-inhibitors-therapy-for-solid-tumors-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Qiang Su, Xiao-Chen Zhang, Di-Ya Wang, Huai-Rong Zhang, Cheng Zhu, Yan-Li Hou, Jun-Li Liu, Zu-Hua Gao
BACKGROUND: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the risk of immune-related endocrine disorders associated with PD-1 inhibitors therapy for solid tumors. METHODS: An Embase and PubMed search through December 6, 2017, using the following keywords was performed: immune-related endocrine disorders, and PD-1 inhibitors, etc. The data were analyzed using R 3.4.3 (R Project) and the metafor package. Patients treated with chemotherapy alone were used as control for the purpose of comparison...
April 18, 2018: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678735/recent-developments-of-nanotherapeutics-for-targeted-and-long-acting-combination-hiv-chemotherapy
#14
REVIEW
Yu Gao, John C Kraft, Danni Yu, Rodney J Y Ho
Combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) given orally has transformed HIV from a terminal illness to a manageable chronic disease. Yet despite the recent development of newer and more potent drugs for cART and suppression of virus in blood to undetectable levels, residual virus remains in tissues. Upon stopping cART, virus rebounds and progresses to AIDS. Current oral cART regimens have several drawbacks including (1) challenges in patient adherence due to pill fatigue or side-effects, (2) the requirement of life-long daily drug intake, and (3) limited penetration and retention in cells within lymph nodes...
April 17, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648446/evans-blue-derivative-functionalized-gold-nanorods-for-photothermal-therapy-enhanced-tumor-chemotherapy
#15
Xiangyu Wang, Shi Gao, Zainen Qin, Rui Tian, Guohao Wang, Xianzhong Zhang, Lei Zhu, Xiaoyuan Chen
Chemotherapy is a standard care for cancer management, but the lack of tumor targeting and high dose-induced side effects still limit its utility in patients. Here, we report a chemotherapy combined with photothermal therapy (PTT) for enhanced cancer ablation by functionalization of gold nanorods (GNR) with a novel small molecule named truncated Evans Blue (tEB). Based on the high binding affinity of tEB with albumin, an Abraxane-like nanodrug, human serum albumin/hydroxycamptothecin (HSA/HCPT), was further complexed with GNR-tEB...
April 12, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629657/advances-in-the-use-of-anti-inflammatory-agents-to-manage-chemotherapy-induced-oral-and-gastrointestinal-mucositis
#16
Vaishnavi J Mahendran, Andrea M Stringer, Susan J Semple, Yunmei Song, Sanjay Garg
Mucositis is a side effect associated with the use of chemotherapy, and has a significant impact on the quality of life. Mucositis, by definition, refers to the inflammation of the mucosa and occurs throughout the alimentary tract from the mouth to anus. Nuclear factor kappa B (NFκB) encompasses a family of transcription factors, which upregulate pro-inflammatory cytokines. Both are recognized as key targets in developing therapeutic interventions for chemotherapy-induced mucositis, and cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 inhibition may also be beneficial in reducing the severity and duration...
April 8, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613835/therapeutic-exploitation-of-ipse-a-urogenital-parasite-derived-host-modulatory-protein-for-chemotherapy-induced-hemorrhagic-cystitis
#17
Evaristus C Mbanefo, Loc Le, Luke F Pennington, Justin I Odegaard, Theodore S Jardetzky, Abdulaziz Alouffi, Franco H Falcone, Michael H Hsieh
Chemotherapy-induced hemorrhagic cystitis (CHC) can be difficult to manage. Prior work suggests that IL-4 alleviates ifosfamide-induced hemorrhagic cystitis (IHC), but systemically administered IL-4 causes significant side effects. We hypothesized that the Schistosoma hematobium homolog of IL-4-inducing principle from Schistosoma mansoni eggs (H-IPSE), would reduce IHC and associated bladder pathology. IPSE binds IgE on basophils and mast cells, triggering IL-4 secretion by these cells. IPSE is also an "infiltrin," translocating into the host nucleus to modulate gene transcription...
April 3, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600179/safety-and-efficacy-of-posterior-sub-tenon-s-carboplatin-injection-versus-intravitreal-melphalan-therapy-in-the-management-of-retinoblastoma-with-secondary-vitreous-seeds
#18
Azza Mohamed Ahmed Said, Mohamed Gamil Aly, Hazem Omar Rashed, Anwaar Mahmoud Rady
AIM: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of posterior sub-Tenon's carboplatin injection compared to intravitreal melphalan injection in the management of retinoblastoma (RB) with secondary vitreous seeds. The outcome measures were vitreous seeds regression, need for other treatment modalities to achieve ocular salvage and treatment side effects. METHODS: A prospective interventional comparative nonrandomized study included RB eyes developed secondary vitreous seeds during the period of follow up...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589223/an-analysis-of-the-inclusion-of-medications-considered-potentially-inappropriate-in-older-adults-in-chemotherapy-templates-for-hematologic-malignancies-one-recommendation-for-all
#19
Amy Zhou, Holly M Holmes, Arti Hurria, Tanya M Wildes
BACKGROUND: There remains a paucity of data regarding the use of potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) in the supportive management of older adults undergoing chemotherapy. Raising awareness among healthcare providers regarding the frequency of their use and potential toxicities may help to minimize the risks to patients. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of six specific classes of medications considered PIMs by the American Geriatrics Society Beers Criteria that are commonly included in the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) chemotherapy order templates for hematologic malignancies...
March 27, 2018: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577855/nanoparticles-in-cancer-treatment-opportunities-and-obstacles
#20
Rajendra Awasthi, Ariane Roseblade, Philip Michael Hansbro, Michael John Rathbone, Kamal Dua, Mary Bebawy
In the United States, the estimated number of new cancer cases in 2018 was approx. 1.7 million. Historically, combination chemotherapy has been the primary choice of treatment. However, chemotherapeutics have pharmaceutical limitations, among which include problems with stability and aqueous solubility. Likewise, dose limiting toxicity is significant with nonspecific toxicity to healthy cells, hair loss, loss of appetite, peripheral neuropathy and diarrhea being typical side effects. The emergence of Multidrug resistance (MDR) also presents s a significant challenge for the successful treatment of cancer whereby cancer cells become cross resistant to many of the chemotherapeutic agents used...
March 26, 2018: Current Drug Targets
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