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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901326/tuberculuma-sellae-meningiomas-a-systematic-review-of-transcranial-approaches-in-the-endoscopic-era
#1
Mazda Turel, Georgios Tsermoulas, Abdulmounem Yasssin-Kassab, Deven Reddy, Hugo Andrade-Barazarte, Lior Gonen, Gelareh Zadeh, Fred Gentili
INTRODUCTION: With the advent of skull base endoscopy, tuberculum sellae meningiomas (TSMs) are currently operated both from the traditional transcranial (TC) route as well as the extended endonasal endoscopic trasnssphenoidal approach (EETS). The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic review of TSMs excised via the TC route in the modern era when the EETS excision is gaining popularity. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We performed a systematic review in the medical literature following the PRISMA guidelines...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894443/the-team-based-approach-to-undiagnosed-and-rare-diseases
#2
REVIEW
Robert M Kliegman, Barbara E Ruggeri, Molly Marquardt Smith
Patients with undiagnosed or rare diseases often remain without a diagnosis for many years. Many are misdiagnosed or treated symptomatically without having an identified underlying disease process. Health care providers in general practice and subspecialists are equipped to diagnose diseases commonly seen. Most practitioners are unlikely to be familiar with uncommon manifestations of a common disorder and have little or no experience with rare diseases. Multidisciplinary teams are effective in reviewing patients with undiagnosed and rare diseases and in developing a new diagnostic strategy for appropriate evaluation...
February 2017: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851680/how-do-i-find-the-evidence-find-your-librarian-stat
#3
Emily Eresuma, Erica Lake
Clinical nurses often struggle with a lack of time and proficiency when it comes to finding and reviewing research. Knowing where to start, and discerning which search terms will retrieve the best results, can be arduous. As expert searchers, medical librarians have the skills and knowledge to make significant contributions to the clinical team, helping nurses navigate information resources and research from start to finish. When there is not direct access to a librarian, the toolbox of resources outlined in the article can save nurses' time and effort when they require quality, evidence-based information...
November 2016: Orthopaedic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842615/the-use-of-milrinone-in-patients-with-delayed-cerebral-ischemia-following-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-a-systematic-review
#4
Marcelo Lannes, Frederick Zeiler, Céline Guichon, Jeanne Teitelbaum
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to provide a systematic review of the evidence supporting the use of milrinone for the management of delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) following subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). DESIGN: Primary outcomes were functional neurological status and the incidence of cerebral infarction. Search strategies adapted to the different databases were developed by a professional librarian. Medline, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library database, Web of Science, SCOPUS, BIOSIS, Global Health, Health Star, Open SIGLE, Google Scholar and the New York Academy of Medicine Gray Literature were searched as well as clinical trials databases and the proceedings of several scientific meetings...
November 15, 2016: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822158/using-the-journal-bmj-case-reports-to-promote-the-publication-of-clinical-case-reports
#5
Blanca San José Montano
OBJECTIVE: The study updates and enhances clinicians' knowledge about clinical case reports (CCRs) and encourages publication of such articles. METHODS: The author developed and offered a session about BMJ Case Reports to medical and surgical departments in the University Hospital of Móstoles. The session reviewed the contents and add-on services of the journal, conventional and alternative indicators of journal quality, use of CCRs to share valuable clinical lessons, and manuscript preparation and submission...
October 2016: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822153/research-data-services-in-veterinary-medicine-libraries
#6
Erin E Kerby
OBJECTIVE: The study investigated veterinary medicine librarians' experience with and perceptions of research data services. Many academic libraries have begun to offer research data services in response to researchers' increased need for data management support. To date, such services have typically been generic, rather than discipline-specific, to appeal to a wide variety of researchers. METHODS: An online survey was deployed to identify trends regarding research data services in veterinary medicine libraries...
October 2016: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822148/mapping-the-literature-of-pediatric-nursing-update-and-implications-for-library-services
#7
Carol L Watwood
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify core journals and other types of literature cited in four major pediatric nursing journals and to characterize coverage of these resources in major bibliographic databases. The study was part of the "Mapping the Literature of Nursing Project" of the Medical Library Association's Nursing and Allied Health Resource Section. It updates a similar analysis published in 2006 and determines whether citation patterns have changed over time...
October 2016: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793259/clinical-issues-november-2016
#8
Melissa Kovac
AORN guidelines in the National Guideline Clearinghouse Key words: National Guideline Clearinghouse, AORN guidelines. Role of medical librarians in developing AORN guidelines Key words: medical librarians, systematic reviews, Institute of Medicine, National Guideline Clearinghouse. Articles cited in AORN guidelines Key words: AORN guidelines, National Library of Medicine, PubMed, interlibrary loan.
November 2016: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759671/congress-of-neurological-surgeons-systematic-review-and-evidence-based-guidelines-for-the-management-of-patients-with-positional-plagiocephaly-executive-summary
#9
Ann Marie Flannery, Mandeep S Tamber, Catherine Mazzola, Paul Klimo, Lissa C Baird, Rachana Tyagi, David F Bauer, Alexandra Beier, Susan Durham, Alexander Y Lin, Catherine McClung-Smith, Laura Mitchell, Dimitrios Nikas
BACKGROUND: Positional plagiocephaly is a common problem seen by pediatricians, pediatric neurologists, and pediatric neurosurgeons. OBJECTIVE: To create evidence-based guidelines for the treatment of pediatric positional plagiocephaly. METHODS: This guideline was prepared by the Plagiocephaly Guideline Task Force, a multidisciplinary team made up of physician volunteers (clinical experts), medical librarians, and clinical guidelines specialists...
November 2016: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756931/assessing-the-effectiveness-of-an-evidence-based-practice-pharmacology-course-using-the-fresno-test
#10
Alice Gardner, Monina R Lahoz, Irena Bond, Len Levin
Objective. To assess the effectiveness of an evidence-based practice (EBP) pharmacology elective course to teach EBP skills using the Fresno Test (FT). Methods. Pharmacy faculty members and medical librarians developed the elective course and offered it to two cohorts of doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) students. A pre/post intervention study design was used. Seven of 12 FT items were chosen to measure specific EBP skills: Ask, Access, Appraise and Apply. Pre/postcomposite and FT item mean scores were compared using Student's t test with p<0...
September 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669416/reproducibility-of-search-strategies-is-poor-in-systematic-reviews-published-in-high-impact-pediatrics-cardiology-and-surgery-journals-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Jonathan B Koffel, Melissa L Rethlefsen
BACKGROUND: A high-quality search strategy is considered an essential component of systematic reviews but many do not contain reproducible search strategies. It is unclear if low reproducibility spans medical disciplines, is affected by librarian/search specialist involvement or has improved with increased awareness of reporting guidelines. OBJECTIVES: To examine the reporting of search strategies in systematic reviews published in Pediatrics, Surgery or Cardiology journals in 2012 and determine rates and predictors of including a reproducible search strategy...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637249/financial-and-legal-decision-making-capacity-in-the-aphasic-population-a-narrative-review
#12
Frances Carr
INTRODUCTION: Capacity is assumed to be present unless proven otherwise. Assessments of specific decision-making capacity for financial and legal decisions, although challenging in the general population, becomes almost impossible for individuals with language disorders (i.e. aphasia) in the absence of appropriate communication aids. Several capacity aids exist for the general population; however, it is unclear whether any communication aids exist specifically for the aphasic population to assist assessment of financial and legal decision-making capacity...
September 16, 2016: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627633/why-medical-schools-should-embrace-wikipedia-final-year-medical-student-contributions-to-wikipedia-articles-for-academic-credit-at-one-school
#13
Amin Azzam, David Bresler, Armando Leon, Lauren Maggio, Evans Whitaker, James Heilman, Jake Orlowitz, Valerie Swisher, Lane Rasberry, Kingsley Otoide, Fred Trotter, Will Ross, Jack D McCue
PROBLEM: Most medical students use Wikipedia as an information source, yet medical schools do not train students to improve Wikipedia or use it critically. APPROACH: Between November 2013 and November 2015, the authors offered fourth-year medical students a credit-bearing course to edit Wikipedia. The course was designed, delivered, and evaluated by faculty, medical librarians, and personnel from WikiProject Medicine, Wikipedia Education Foundation, and Translators Without Borders...
September 13, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625710/discriminating-between-legitimate-and-predatory-open-access-journals-report-from-the-international-federation-for-emergency-medicine-research-committee
#14
REVIEW
Bhakti Hansoti, Mark I Langdorf, Linda S Murphy
INTRODUCTION: Open access (OA) medical publishing is growing rapidly. While subscription-based publishing does not charge the author, OA does. This opens the door for "predatory" publishers who take authors' money but provide no substantial peer review or indexing to truly disseminate research findings. Discriminating between predatory and legitimate OA publishers is difficult. METHODS: We searched a number of library indexing databases that were available to us through the University of California, Irvine Libraries for journals in the field of emergency medicine (EM)...
September 2016: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623861/risk-of-serious-infections-with-immunosuppressive-drugs-and-glucocorticoids-for-lupus-nephritis-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#15
Jasvinder A Singh, Alomgir Hossain, Ahmed Kotb, George Wells
BACKGROUND: To perform a systematic review and network meta-analysis (NMA) to compare the risk of serious infections with immunosuppressive medications and glucocorticoids in lupus nephritis. METHODS: A trained librarian performed two searches: (1) PubMed for all lupus nephritis trials from the end dates for the systematic review for the 2012 American College of Rheumatology (ACR) lupus nephritis treatment guidelines and the 2012 Cochrane Systematic Review on treatments for lupus nephritis, to September 2013; and (2) PubMed and SCOPUS for all lupus trials (excluding lupus nephritis) from inception to February 2014, to obtain additional trials for harms data in any lupus patient...
2016: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27619039/tracheocutaneous-fistula-closure-in-children
#16
Jeffrey Cheng, Dhave Setabutr
OBJECTIVE: Systematic review of surgical techniques for tracheocutaneous fistula closure in children and successful closure or development of adverse events. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library. REVIEW METHODS: A medical librarian was utilized to perform a systematic review. RESULTS: Fourteen studies were identified. Eight studies reported outcomes for primary closure alone; one discussed results for secondary closure alone; and five included a combination of children who underwent either primary and secondary closure alone...
October 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27592807/guideline-summary-review-an-evidence-based-clinical-guideline-for-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-adult-isthmic-spondylolisthesis
#17
D Scott Kreiner, Jamie Baisden, Daniel J Mazanec, Rakesh D Patel, Robert S Bess, Douglas Burton, Norman B Chutkan, Bernard A Cohen, Charles H Crawford, Gary Ghiselli, Amgad S Hanna, Steven W Hwang, Cumhur Kilincer, Mark E Myers, Paul Park, Karie A Rosolowski, Anil K Sharma, Christopher K Taleghani, Terry R Trammell, Andrew N Vo, Keith D Williams
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: The North American Spine Society's (NASS) Evidence-Based Clinical Guideline for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Adult Isthmic Spondylolisthesis features evidence-based recommendations for diagnosing and treating adult patients with isthmic spondylolisthesis. The guideline is intended to reflect contemporary treatment concepts for symptomatic isthmic spondylolisthesis as reflected in the highest quality clinical literature available on this subject as of June 2013. NASS' guideline on this topic is the only guideline on adult isthmic spondylolisthesis accepted in the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality's National Guideline Clearinghouse...
September 1, 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27576191/conservative-care-in-lumbar-spine-surgery-trials-a-descriptive-literature-review
#18
Aaron J Yang, Rogelio A Coronado, Lilian Hoffecker, Chan Gao, Kelly Saurwein, Danielle Shoreman, Adam S Hoffberg, Venu Akuthota
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the degree to which conservative care and failure was specifically defined in studies comparing non-operative treatment versus surgery for low back pain (LBP) conditions in adults. DATA SOURCES: A comprehensive literature search was conducted by an experienced librarian using MEDLINE (PubMed), EMBASE, Google Scholar, and CENTRAL (the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials) from January 2003 to June 2014. Endnote bibliographic management application was utilized to remove duplicates and organize the citations...
August 26, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27546759/antiepileptic-dosing-for-critically-ill-adult-patients-receiving-renal-replacement-therapy
#19
REVIEW
Keaton S Smetana, Aaron M Cook, Melissa L Thompson Bastin, Douglas R Oyler
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review was to evaluate current literature for dosing recommendations for the use of antiepileptic medications in patients receiving renal replacement therapy (RRT). DATA SOURCES: With the assistance of an experienced medical librarian specialized in pharmacy and toxicology, we searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Web of Science, WorldCat, and Scopus through May 2016. STUDY SELECTION AND DATA EXTRACTION: Four hundred three articles were screened for inclusion, of which 130 were identified as potentially relevant...
December 2016: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27532316/the-effectiveness-of-ayurvedic-oil-based-nasal-instillation-nasya-medicines-in-the-treatment-of-facial-paralysis-ardita-a-systematic-review
#20
Manuel Joseph Vivera, Judith Streak Gomersall
BACKGROUND: Ardita (facial paralysis) is a medical condition that disfigures or distorts the facial appearance of the sufferer causing facial asymmetry and malfunction. Ardita patients may benefit from considering alternative treatments such as Ayurveda, including Taila Nasya (nasal instillation of medicated oil). OBJECTIVES: To synthesize the best available evidence on the effectiveness of different Nasya oils in the treatment of Ardita. INCLUSION CRITERIA TYPES OF PARTICIPANTS: Studies conducted on adult sufferers (18-70 years) of Ardita (chronic or acute) in any setting were considered...
April 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
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