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S R Geed, Sachin Prasad, M K Kureel, R S Singh, B N Rai
The isolated microbial Alcaligenes sp. S3 from the agricultural field was used for the biodegradation of synthetic wastewater containing atrazine. This study was conducted in an alternating aerobic-anoxic lab scale pilot plant. The performance of continuously operated pilot plant was evaluated in three different phases with varying atrazine concentration. The best performance of plant was observed in phase-II. The atrazine (200 mg/L) having COD value 1356 mg/L was used with varying flow rate and 90.56% COD removal was obtained at a flow rate of 300 mL/h on 122th day of operation...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Yeo Jun Yun, Jong Seok Lee, Je Chul Yoo, Eunjin Cho, Dahee Park, Yoon Hoh Kook, Keun Hwa Lee
BACKGROUND: Rifampicin (RFP) is one of the principal first-line drugs used in combination chemotherapies against Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and its use has greatly shortened the duration of chemotherapy for the successful treatment of drug-susceptible tuberculosis. Compensatory mutations have been identified in rpoC that restore the fitness of RFP-resistant M. tuberculosis strains with mutations in rpoB. To investigate rpoC mutation patterns, we analyzed 93 clinical M. tuberculosis isolates from patients in South Korea...
March 7, 2018: Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
Breanna K Wright, Helen L Kelsall, David M Clarke, Alexander C McFarlane, Malcolm R Sim
To understand the role of symptom attribution in treatment-seeking behaviours, survey results of 1356 veterans (age = 38-72 years) were analysed. Controlling for symptom frequency, significant relationships were found for specialist and psychological-related consultations. Those who favoured psychological explanations for symptoms were more likely to attend specialist and psychology-related consultations and filled significantly more prescriptions than people who predominantly explained symptoms by situational factors (normalisers)...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Carla C Schubert, Raija-Leena Punamäki, Jaana Suvisaari, Päivikki Koponen, Anu Castaneda
Multiple psychosocial factors influence help-seeking behavior among immigrants, but studies have focused on separate issues in single cultural groups. This study tested a model of help-seeking behavior among three ethnically different immigrant groups. Participants were 1356 Somali, Russian, and Kurdish immigrants (18-64 years). They reported past traumatic events, social network, acculturation indices, trust in services, and mental health as well as usage of mental and somatic health services. Structural equation modeling (SEM) with multigroup procedure was applied...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
Pedro Á Latorre-Román, Juan A Párraga-Montilla, Ignacio Guardia-Monteagudo, Felipe García-Pinillos
PURPOSE: This study aims to determine the foot strike patterns (FSPs) and neutral support (no inversion [INV]/eversion [EVE] and no foot rotation) in preschool children, as well as to determine the influence of shod/unshod conditions and sex. METHODS: A total of 1356 children aged 3-6 years (673 boys and 683 girls) participated in this study. A sagittal and frontal-plane video (240 Hz) was recorded using a high-speed camcorder to record the following variables: rearfoot strike (RFS), midfoot strike (MFS), forefoot strike (FFS), inversion/ eversion (INV/EVE) and foot rotation on initial contact...
January 17, 2018: European Journal of Sport Science
Khalid S Khan, Philip Moore, Matthew Wilson, Richard Hooper, Shubha Allard, Ian Wrench, Tracy Roberts, Carol McLoughlin, Lee Beresford, James Geoghegan, Jane Daniels, Sue Catling, Vicki A Clark, Paul Ayuk, Stephen Robson, Fang Gao-Smith, Matthew Hogg, Louise Jackson, Doris Lanz, Julie Dodds
BACKGROUND: Caesarean section is associated with blood loss and maternal morbidity. Excessive blood loss requires transfusion of donor (allogeneic) blood, which is a finite resource. Cell salvage returns blood lost during surgery to the mother. It may avoid the need for donor blood transfusion, but reliable evidence of its effects is lacking. OBJECTIVES: To determine if routine use of cell salvage during caesarean section in mothers at risk of haemorrhage reduces the rates of blood transfusion and postpartum maternal morbidity, and is cost-effective, in comparison with standard practice without routine salvage use...
January 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
Margareta Larsson, Minna Berglund, Emelie Jarl, Tanja Tydén
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to investigate if expecting parents wanted to know the sex of the fetus during ultrasound examination and if they had discussed it with the midwife. Another aim was to explore any interest in sex selection. METHODS: A longitudinal survey in early and late pregnancy among 2393 women in Sweden. RESULTS: Almost all (95.8%, n = 2289) women had discussed sex determination with the partner before the ultrasound scan, and 57% (n = 1356) of women and their partners wanted to find out the fetal sex...
January 4, 2018: Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences
Oyebimpe Adesina, Ann Brunson, Theresa H M Keegan, Ted Wun
Osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) is a prevalent complication of sickle cell disease (SCD) that has not been well described in population-based cohort studies. Using California's Office of Statewide Planning and Development discharge databases (1991-2013), we estimated the cumulative incidence of ONFH after accounting for the competing risk of death and used a multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression to identify factors associated with ONFH diagnosis. We also calculated rates of readmissions to the hospital or emergency department within 30 to 90 days of hip replacement surgery...
July 11, 2017: Blood Advances
Bernd Krock, Julia A Busch, Urban Tillmann, Francisco García-Camacho, Asterio Sánchez-Mirón, Juan J Gallardo-Rodríguez, Lorenzo López-Rosales, Karl B Andree, Margarita Fernández-Tejedor, Matthias Witt, Allan D Cembella, Allen R Place
A liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method was developed for the detection and quantitation of karlotoxins in the selected reaction monitoring (SRM) mode. This novel method was based upon the analysis of purified karlotoxins (KcTx-1, KmTx-2, 44-oxo-KmTx-2, KmTx-5), one amphidinol (AM-18), and unpurified extracts of bulk cultures of the marine dinoflagellate Karlodinium veneficum strain CCMP2936 from Delaware (Eastern USA), which produces KmTx-1 and KmTx-3. The limit of detection of the SRM method for KmTx-2 was determined as 2...
December 18, 2017: Marine Drugs
Blanca Escribano-Ferrer, Margaret Gyapong, Jane Bruce, Solomon A Narh Bana, Clement T Narh, Naa-Korkor Allotey, Roland Glover, Charity Azantilow, Constance Bart-Plange, Isabella Sagoe-Moses, Jayne Webster
BACKGROUND: Ghana has developed two community-based strategies that aim to increase access to quality treatment for malaria, diarrhoea and suspected pneumonia, and to improve household and family practices: integrated Community Case Management (iCCM) and Community-based Health Planning and Services (CHPS). The objective of the study was to assess the effectiveness of iCCM and CHPS on disease knowledge and health behaviour regarding malaria, diarrhoea and pneumonia. METHODS: A household survey was conducted two and eight years after implementation of iCCM in the Volta and Northern Regions of Ghana respectively, and more than ten years of CHPS implementation in both regions...
December 12, 2017: BMC Public Health
Elmas Sari, Paweł Berczynski, Aleksandra Kładna, Irena Kruk, Oya B Dundar, Monika Szymanska, Hassan Y Aboul-Enein
BACKGROUND: A new series of 13 piperazinyl flavone derivatives has been synthesized and examined for their in vitro antiradical and antioxidant activities as response to the pharmacy industry's increasing demand for new non-toxic anti-inflammatory and anticancer drugs. METHODS: Their antioxidant activity was evaluated by the reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenging assays, 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl free radical (DPPH ) and 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) radical cation (ABTS+ ) scavenging assays, and the ferric reducing antioxidant potency (TAC) method, and compared to known positive controls, herbal infusions, and penicillins...
December 3, 2017: Medicinal Chemistry
Yinsheng Chen, Zeju Li, Guoqing Wu, Jinhua Yu, Yuanyuan Wang, Xiaofei Lv, Xue Ju, Zhongping Chen
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Due to the totally different therapeutic regimens needed for primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) and glioblastoma (GBM), accurate differentiation of the two diseases by noninvasive imaging techniques is important for clinical decision-making. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty cases of PCNSL and 66 cases of GBM with conventional T1-contrast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were analyzed in this study. Convolutional neural networks was used to segment tumor automatically...
December 12, 2017: International Journal of Neuroscience
Samuel William David Merriel, Emma L Turner, Eleanor Walsh, Grace J Young, Chris Metcalfe, Luke Hounsome, Isobel Tudge, Jenny Donovan, Freddie Hamdy, David Neal, Richard M Martin
OBJECTIVES: To compare the completeness and agreement of prostate cancer data recorded by the National Cancer Registration and Analysis Service (NCRAS) with research-level data specifically abstracted from medical records from the Cluster randomised triAl of prostate specific antigen (PSA) testing for Prostate cancer (CAP) trial. DESIGN: Cross-sectional comparison study. PARTICIPANTS: We included 1356 men from the CAP trial cohort who were linked to the NCRAS registry...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Open
Chunni Zhang, Jiali Tong, Lan Zhu, Lei Zhang, Tao Xu, Jinghe Lang, Yu Xie
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic data on female sexual dysfunction in China are sparse. AIM: To assess the prevalence of risk of female sexual dysfunction in mainland China and its regional and sociodemographic variations and physiologic, pathologic, and behavioral risk factors. METHODS: A survey of the general female population was conducted in mainland China from February 2014 through January 2016. Women were randomly selected using multistage, stratified, cluster sampling...
November 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
Lin Huang, Duoli Xie, Yiran Yu, Huanlong Liu, Yan Shi, Tieliu Shi, Chengping Wen
As a traditional medical intervention in Asia and a complementary and alternative medicine in western countries, Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) is capturing worldwide attention in life science field. Traditional Chinese Medicine Integrated Database (TCMID), which was originally launched in 2013, was a comprehensive database aiming at TCM's modernization and standardization. It has been highly recognized among pharmacologists and scholars in TCM researches. The latest release, TCMID 2.0 (http://www.megabionet...
January 4, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
Joana Grudziak, Carolyn Snock, Tiyamike Zalinga, Wone Banda, Jared Gallaher, Laura Purcell, Bruce Cairns, Anthony Charles
INTRODUCTION: In the developed world, pre-existing malnutrition in the burn population influences operative outcomes. However, studies on pre-existing malnutrition and operative outcomes of burn patients in the developing world are lacking. We therefore sought to characterize the burn injury outcomes following operative intervention based on nutritional status. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of operative patients admitted to our burn unit from July 2011 to May 2016...
October 28, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Bulent Turan, Anna Joy Rogers, Whitney S Rice, Ghislaine C Atkins, Mardge H Cohen, Tracey E Wilson, Adaora A Adimora, Daniel Merenstein, Adebola Adedimeji, Eryka L Wentz, Igho Ofotokun, Lisa Metsch, Phyllis C Tien, Mallory O Johnson, Janet M Turan, Sheri D Weiser
There is insufficient research on the impact of perceived discrimination in healthcare settings on adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART), particularly among women living with HIV, and even less is known about psychosocial mechanisms that may mediate this association. Cross-sectional analyses were conducted in a sample of 1356 diverse women living with HIV enrolled in the Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS), a multi-center cohort study. Indirect effects analysis with bootstrapping was used to examine the potential mediating roles of internalized stigma and depressive symptoms in the association between perceived discrimination in healthcare settings and ART adherence...
December 2017: AIDS and Behavior
Bogdan C Raducanu, Refet F Yazicioglu, Carolina M Lopez, Marco Ballini, Jan Putzeys, Shiwei Wang, Alexandru Andrei, Veronique Rochus, Marleen Welkenhuysen, Nick van Helleputte, Silke Musa, Robert Puers, Fabian Kloosterman, Chris van Hoof, Richárd Fiáth, István Ulbert, Srinjoy Mitra
We present a high electrode density and high channel count CMOS (complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor) active neural probe containing 1344 neuron sized recording pixels (20 µm × 20 µm) and 12 reference pixels (20 µm × 80 µm), densely packed on a 50 µm thick, 100 µm wide, and 8 mm long shank. The active electrodes or pixels consist of dedicated in-situ circuits for signal source amplification, which are directly located under each electrode. The probe supports the simultaneous recording of all 1356 electrodes with sufficient signal to noise ratio for typical neuroscience applications...
October 19, 2017: Sensors
Huiqing Wang, Tingting Wang, Wenpei Shi, Yuan Liu, Lizhang Chen, Zhanzhan Li
We performed a meta-analysis to assess the diagnostic accuracy of circulating miRNA for patients with ovarian cancer. We systematically searched several online databases, including PubMed, Web of Science, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Wanfang from inception to February 20, 2017. We used the bivariate mixed-effect models to pool positive likelihood ratios, negative likelihood ratios, diagnostic odds ratios and their 95% CI confidence intervals (CIs). We used the Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies 2 for quality assessment of diagnostic accuracy studies...
September 12, 2017: Oncotarget
James S Wheeler, Tien Ngo, Jasmine Cecil, Nancy Borja-Hart
OBJECTIVES: Postgraduate training, dual degrees, and board certifications are credentials viewed by academic pharmacy communities and professional organizations as positive assets for those seeking pharmacist jobs; however, a key question merits further investigation: do these views match employer expectations? The primary objective of this study was to identify the most common qualifications employers require as stated in job advertisements. METHODS: Pharmacist job postings from the aggregate jobs website Indeed...
September 23, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
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