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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450968/knowledge-about-traumatic-dental-injuries-in-the-permanent-dentition-a-survey-of-lithuanian-dentists
#1
Vaida Zaleckienė, Vytautė Pečiulienė, Vilma Brukienė, Audronė Jakaitienė, Jolanta Aleksejūnienė, Linas Zaleckas
BACKGROUND/AIMS: In Lithuania, dental trauma cases are also treated by general dentists but it is unknown whether their age, self-evaluation of trauma knowledge and practice location can predict their actual knowledge and management of trauma cases. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether these factors can be used to predict the actual knowledge and management of trauma cases. METHODS: A two-part questionnaire included 17 multiple-choice questions about practitioners' demographics, their self-evaluated knowledge, and how frequently they treated traumatized permanent teeth as well as 13 clinical scenarios reflecting a variety of clinical trauma cases and their complications...
February 16, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446151/organisational-framework-and-outputs-of-international-medical-evacuation-in-guinea-a-need-for-change
#2
Timothé Guilavogui, Alioune Camara, Elhadj Marouf Diallo, Akoï Koïvogui, Aminatou Barry, Koligna Zoumanigui, Alpha Ahmadou Diallo, Alexandre Delamou, Moussa Koulibaly
The study aims to describe the organizational framework of International Medical Evacuation (IME), the profile of persons evacuated, and the associated cost of IME in Guinea. This was a descriptive study of IME policy in Guinea. We described the politico-structural organization of IME and the profile of patient accessing IME through the Ministry of Health (MOH: 2001-2015) and through the National Social Security Fund (NSSF: 2011-2015). From 1958 to 1992 since the health system was restricted, the country negotiated the free medical treatment with Socialist countries...
February 15, 2018: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445969/the-best-cited-articles-of-the-european-journal-of-orthopaedic-surgery-and-traumatology-ejost-a-bibliometric-analysis
#3
Andreas F Mavrogenis, Panayiotis D Megaloikonomos, Cyril Mauffrey, Marius M Scarlat, Patrick Simon, Kazuhiro Hasegawa, Samo K Fokter, Pierre Kehr
European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology (EJOST) was founded in 1991. It was initially named as Orthopédie-Traumatologie, and since then it is dedicated in sharing knowledge and new evidence in the field of orthopaedics. Within 28 volumes and 157 issues, it has published 3218 scientific articles. In the early years of its distribution, published articles were in French, while the last two decades EJOST only hosts English articles between its pages. By the very beginning of its launch, it has been publishing high-quality research articles in all orthopaedic subspecialties and has gradually become one of the leading journals in its specific subject area...
February 14, 2018: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421823/-what-do-we-know-about-osteitis-pubis-in-athletes
#4
Jens Kelm, Oliver Ludwig, Jan André, Stefan Maas, Sascha Hopp
BACKGROUND:  Osteitis pubis is a common cause of chronic groin pain. Due to high clinical uncertainty and varying etiopathology, the diagnosis is often delayed. Especially athletes suffer from this disease, but patients with orthopaedic, traumatological, neurological, urological, gynaecological, and rheumatic complaints can also be affected. Osteitis pubis can be treated by conservative as well as surgical techniques. MATERIAL AND METHODS:  Systematic literature research, descriptive presentation of the studies, and interpretation of evidence-based medicine results...
February 8, 2018: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405189/-the-construction-of-the-three-dimensional-model-of-the-damaged-bone-tissue-based-on-its-roentgenogram
#5
V N Gridin, Yu I Pigolkin, M I Trufanov, S V Leonov, A S Mosoyan, I A Dubrovin
The objective of the present work was to develop the method for the visualization of the shape of the bone surface in the region of its traumatic damage based on the results of the analysis of a single X-ray image for the solution of the problems facing forensic medical expertise and traumatology. The three-dimensional models of the fractures of the long tubular bones constructed with the use of the visualization technique were shown to adequately reproduce the morphological picture of the injury. It allowed to enhance the potential of the forensic medical analysis and the accuracy of the diagnostic methods employed for the purposes of forensic medical expertise...
2018: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405180/-on-the-occasion-of-the-200th-birthday-anniversary-of-d-e-min
#6
Yu I Pigolkin
This article is dedicated to the memory of the outstanding Russian forensic doctor and literary figure professor D.E. Min on the occasion of his 200th birthday anniversary. The assignment of D.E. Min to the position of the head of Department of the State Medical Practice at the Emperor's Moscow University coincided with the large-scale judiciary reform carried out in the country at that time which envisaged, among other innovations, the practice of questioning of an expert in the court room. The new developments in the practical expert activities required the revision of the former approaches to the education and training of forensic medical experts...
2018: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401743/current-and-future-applications-of-biomedical-engineering-for-proteomic-profiling-predictive-biomarkers-in-neuro-traumatology
#7
REVIEW
Mario Ganau, Nikolaos Syrmos, Marco Paris, Laura Ganau, Gianfranco K I Ligarotti, Ali Moghaddamjou, Salvatore Chibbaro, Andrea Soddu, Rossano Ambu, Lara Prisco
This systematic review aims to summarize the impact of nanotechnology and biomedical engineering in defining clinically meaningful predictive biomarkers in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI), a critical worldwide health problem with an estimated 10 billion people affected annually worldwide. Data were collected through a review of the existing English literature performed on Scopus, MEDLINE, MEDLINE in Process, EMBASE, and/or Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. Only experimental articles revolving around the management of TBI, in which the role of new devices based on innovative discoveries coming from the field of nanotechnology and biomedical engineering were highlighted, have been included and analyzed in this study...
February 5, 2018: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29367915/epidemiology-of-cauda-equina-syndrome-what-changed-until-2015
#8
André Luiz Natálio Dias, Fernando Flores de Araújo, Alexandre Fogaça Cristante, Raphael Martus Marcon, Tarcísio Eloy Pessoa de Barros Filho, Olavo Biraghi Letaif
Objective: The primary objective of this study was to analyze the characteristics and outcomes of cases admitted to hospital with cauda equina syndrome (CES) at the Institute of Orthopedics and Traumatology (IOT) from 2005 to 2015. Secondly, this article is a continuation of the epidemiological work of the same base published in 2013, and will be important for other comparative studies to a greater understanding of the disease and its epidemiology. Methods: This was a retrospective study of the medical records of admissions due to CES at IOT in the period 2005-2015 with diagnosis of CES and neuropathic bladder...
January 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29367914/reproducibility-of-the-lauge-hansen-danis-weber-and-ao-classifications-for-ankle-fractures
#9
Lucas Lopes da Fonseca, Icaro Gusmão Nunes, Rodrigo Reis Nogueira, Gustavo Eduardo Vieira Martins, Antônio Cesar Mesencio, Sílvia Iovine Kobata
Objective: This study evaluated the reproducibility of the three main classifications of ankle fractures most commonly used in emergency clinical practice: Lauge-Hansen, Danis-Weber, and AO-OTA. The secondary objective was to assess whether the level of professional experience influenced the interobserver agreement for the classification of this pathology. Methods: The study included 83 digitized preoperative radiographic images of ankle fractures, in anteroposterior and lateral views, of different adults that had occurred between January and December 2013...
January 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359259/extra-articular-distal-tibia-fractures-controversies-regarding-treatment-options-a-single-centre-prospective-comparative-study
#10
Mihail-Lazar Mioc, Radu Prejbeanu, Bogdan Deleanu, Bogdan Anglitoiu, Horia Haragus, Marius Niculescu
Distal tibia fractures are reported to have a high complication rate pre-operatively as well as post-operatively, which can include open fractures, soft tissue damage, infection, malalignment, pseudarthrosis and ankle arthrosis. The operative treatment for the extra-articular distal tibia fractures is a controversial topic in the orthopaedic literature. Some of these fractures are proximal enough to be treated with an intramedullary nail while others are too distal for that. The aim of our study was to compare the results we have had with intramedullary nail (IMN) and minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) in distal metaphyseal (extra-articular) tibia fractures...
January 22, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343155/carboxymethyl-chitosan-zinc-coating-for-prevention-of-pin-tract-infection-an-animal-model
#11
Vidmi Taolam Martin, Lei Wang, Rong Zeng, DeQiang You, XianRong Zhang, Welera Haissou Elodie, Bin Yu
BACKGROUND: Pin tract infection is a common problem in orthopedic and traumatology surgery. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of an implant coated with carboxymethyl chitosan-zinc (CMC-Zn2+) in prevention of pin tract infection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four male New Zealand White rabbits were randomized into two equal groups ( n = 12, uncoated and CMC-Zn2+). The implants were colonized with 1 × 106 colony forming units of Staphylococcus aureus and inserted into the lateral right proximal tibia in each rabbit...
January 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342837/effect-of-exposed-surface-area-volume-and-environmental-ph-on-the-calcium-ion-release-of-three-commercially-available-tricalcium-silicate-based-dental-cements
#12
Sivaprakash Rajasekharan, Chris Vercruysse, Luc Martens, Ronald Verbeeck
Tricalcium silicate cements (TSC) are used in dental traumatology and endodontics for their bioactivity which is mostly attributed to formation of calcium hydroxide during TSC hydration and its subsequent release of calcium and hydroxide ions. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of volume (Vol), exposed surface area (ESA) and pH of surrounding medium on calcium ion release. Three commercially available hydraulic alkaline dental cements were mixed and condensed into cylindrical tubes of varying length and diameter (n = 6/group)...
January 13, 2018: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342496/-adverse-events-in-the-treatment-of-periprosthetic-fractures-around-the-knee-a-clinical-and-radiological-outcome-analysis
#13
Anna Janine Schreiner, Christoph Gonser, Christoph Ihle, Max Konstantin Zauleck, Tim Klopfer, Fabian Stuby, Ulrich Stöckle, Björn Gunnar Ochs
BACKGROUND: The incidence of periprosthetic fractures associated with total knee arthroplasty (PpFxK) has been reported to be 0.3 - 5.5%. 40% of all cases are related to revision TKA. The most common localisation is the distal femur. Classification is performed according to Rorabeck (RB). RB I - II fractures are usually treated with locked plating and retrograde intramedullary nailing, whereas RB III fractures are an indication for revision arthroplasty using a hinged endoprosthesis...
January 17, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333836/-phakomatosis-pigmentovascularis-cesioflammea-a-case-report
#14
María C Viada Peláez, Paola C Stefano, Ana Cirio, Andrea B Cervini
Phakomatosis pigmentovascularis (PPV) is a syndrome characterized by the association of a vascular nevus with a congenital pigmented lesion (epidermal nevus, nevus spilus, and dermal melanocytosis). There are different types of PPV according to the pigmentary nevus associated with the vascular malformation. Patients may present only the cutaneous condition or have systemic manifestations, among them, trauma, neurological and ophthalmological disorders. We report the case of a 1-year-old girl who had congenital glaucoma...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333785/-decoronation-management-of-the-replacement-resorption-after-delayed-replantation-of-avulsed-teeth-case-report-with-4-year-follow-up
#15
Fang Ruizhen, Li Siyi, Gao Lei, Wu Li'an
Replacement resorption is the most frequent complication after delayed replantation of avulsed teeth. The resorption can interfere with the development of the alveolar ridge and lead to tilt of the adjacent teeth in growing patients. However, there is no means of arresting or reversing the process. Recently decoronation is recommended by International Assocaition of Dental Traumatology as the optimal choice to manage it. This paper demonstrates the procedure and effectiveness of the decoronation by literature review and a case report with 4-year follow-up...
December 1, 2017: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332239/which-parameters-are-relevant-in-sagittal-balance-analysis-of-the-cervical-spine-a-literature-review
#16
REVIEW
Fong Poh Ling, T Chevillotte, A Leglise, W Thompson, C Bouthors, Jean-Charles Le Huec
INTRODUCTION: Cervical spine is part of the spine with the most mobility in the sagittal plane. It is important for surgeons to have reliable, simple and reproducible parameters to analyse the cervical. MATERIAL AND METHOD: This study is a systematic review and a critique of current parameters to help improve the study of cervical spinal balance. We conducted a systematic search of PUBMED/MEDLINE for literature published since January 2014. Only studies written in English and containing abstracts were considered for inclusion...
January 13, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330745/-treatment-of-rotational-malalignment-of-the-lower-leg
#17
REVIEW
P Keppler
BACKGROUND: Rotational malalignment after intramedullary nailing of tibial shaft fractures is not uncommon. In-toeing and out-toeing conditions in children are often the reason for orthopedic and traumatological medical consultation. OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of diagnostic modalities and therapeutic options for rotational malalignment in relationship to the patient's age. Surgical indications and efficacy of specific surgical techniques. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Systematic literature search in the German Institute for Medical Documentation and Information (DIMDI) and MEDLINE and evaluation of the currently published articles...
January 12, 2018: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320866/paradigm-shift-in-psychiatry-what-may-it-involve
#18
Paul Valent
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to examine the potential nature of an ongoing paradigm shift in psychiatry that has been suggested to be occurring. CONCLUSIONS: New findings in traumatology and neuroscience do form a potential platform for a paradigm shift. Prior conflicting paradigms are suggested to be due to biases arising from mental structures themselves. A new wholist perspective is proposed, which makes sense of and incorporates previous paradigms, and coheres recent understanding of right- and left-brain functioning and biopsychosocial traumatic processes and their ramifications...
February 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291497/a-descriptive-study-of-accidental-skeletal-injuries-and-non-accidental-skeletal-injuries-of-child-maltreatment
#19
Maha A H Ghanem, Tarek A Moustafa, Haidy M Megahed, Naglaa Salama, Sara A Ghitani
BACKGROUND: Lack of awareness and recognition of child maltreatment is the major reason behind underreporting. All victims often interact with the health care system for routine or emergency care. In several research works, non-accidental fractures are the second most common injury in maltreated children and it is represented up to one-third of cases. AIM OF THE STUDY: To determine the incidence of different types of accidental and non-accidental skeletal injuries among children, estimate the severity of injuries according to the modified injury severity score and to determine the degree of fractures either closed or opened (Gustiloe-Anderson open fracture classification)...
December 23, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284901/risk-factors-for-the-surgical-field-infections-after-the-osteosynthes-of-tibia-diaphysis
#20
Adnana Talic, Fuad Dzankovic, Adnan Papovic, Emina Omerhodzic
Introduction: Infections occurring in the wound as a consequence of the surgery represent the surgical field infections (SFI). Tibia diaphysis fractures are common due to its exposure to the external force. Clinical signs include: pain, swelling, lower leg deformity and skin changes. Tibia in the lower extremities has an eccentric position - from the front inner side it is covered only with the skin and from the back and the outer by muscle mass. The most common pathogens are: Staphylococcus aureus, Coagulase negative Staphylococcoc aureus or S...
October 2017: Medical Archives
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