keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Ghaffari

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334205/overexpression-of-endometrial-estrogen-receptor-alpha-in-the-window-of-implantation-in-women-with-unexplained-infertility
#1
Mehran Dorostghoal, Hamid-O-Allah Ghaffari, Farideh Marmazi, Narjes Keikhah
Background: Failure in the endometrial receptivity may account for a significant number of infertility cases including unexplained infertility in women. Reduction in the endometrial estrogen receptor-alpha (ER-α) expression during implantation may be a critical event that coincides with the expression of specific genes and the formation of a receptive endometrium. The aim of the present study was to assess the expression of ER-α in the mid-secretory phase in the endometrium of women with unexplained infertility...
April 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333409/human-parvovirus-b19-and-parvovirus-4-among-iranian-patients-with-hemophilia
#2
Davod Javanmard, Masood Ziaee, Hadi Ghaffari, Mohammad Hasan Namaei, Ahmad Tavakoli, Hamidreza Mollaei, Mohsen Moghoofei, Helya Sadat Mortazavi, Seyed Hamidreza Monavari
Background: Human parvovirus B19 (B19V) is one of the smallest DNA viruses and shows great resistance to most disinfectants. Therefore, it is one of the common contaminant pathogens present in blood and plasma products. Parvovirus 4 (PARV4) is a newly identified parvovirus, which is also prevalent in parenteral transmission. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the prevalence of B19V and PARV4 DNA among patients with hemophilia in Birjand County in eastern Iran. Methods: This was a cross-sectional epidemiological study comprising nearly all people with hemophilia in this region...
December 2017: Blood Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325404/recent-iranian-health-system-reform-an-operational-perspective-to-improve-health-services-quality
#3
Mahdi Mahdavi, Mahboubeh Parsaeian, Ebrahim Jaafaripooyan, Shahram Ghaffari
The operational management of healthcare services is expected to directly touch patient experiences. Iranian Ministry of Health and Medical Education (MoHME) for the first time, as such, has sought to improve the operational management of healthcare delivery within a reform agenda by setting benchmarks for 'number of visit per hour' and waiting time in outpatient clinics of about 700 affiliated hospitals. As a new initiative, it has faced with mixed reactions and various doubts have been cast on its successful implementation...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308624/the-effects-of-in-vitro-maturation-technique-on-the-expression-of-genes-involved-in-embryonic-genome-activation-of-human-embryos
#4
Parvin Dorfeshan, Marefat Ghaffari Novin, Mohammad Salehi, Reza Masteri Farahani, Fatemeh Fadaei-Fathabadi, Ronak Sehatti
OBJECTIVES: In vitro maturation technique (IVM) is shown to have an effect on full maturation of immature oocytes and the subsequent embryo development. Embryonic genome activation (EGA) is considered as a crucial and the first process after fertilization. EGA failure leads to embryo arrest and possible implantation failure. This study aimed to determine the role of IVM in EGA-related genes expression in human embryo originated from immature oocytes and recovered from women receiving gonadotrophin treatment for assisted reproduction...
April 2018: Cell Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304488/factors-associated-with-elevated-cardiac-troponin-levels-in-patients-with-acute-pulmonary-thromboembolism
#5
Samad Ghaffari, Nariman Sepehrvand, Leili Pourafkari, Reza Hajizadeh, Elnaz Javanshir, Mehdi Nadiri, Nader D Nader
PURPOSE: We aimed to investigate the factors that are associated with increased cardiac troponin I (cTnI) leakage in the acute pulmonary embolism (PTE) setting and their alignment with patient outcome. METHODS: Adult patients with a diagnosis of PTE were enrolled in this prospective cohort study. The primary endpoint of interest was major adverse cardio-pulmonary events (MACPE), defined as the composite of in-hospital all-cause mortality, need for thrombolysis and mechanical ventilation and surgical embolectomy during index hospitalization...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296111/effect-of-surface-treatment-on-enamel-cracks-after-orthodontic-bracket-debonding-er-cr-ysgg-laser-etching-versus-acid-etching
#6
Hassanali Ghaffari, Amirhossein Mirhashemi, Tahereh Baherimoghadam, Amir Azmi, Reza Rasooli
Objectives: This study sought to compare enamel cracks after orthodontic bracket debonding in the surfaces prepared with erbium, chromium: yttrium-scandium-galliumgarnet (Er,Cr:YSGG) laser and the conventional acid-etching technique. Materials and Methods: This in-vitro experimental study was conducted on 60 sound human premolars extracted for orthodontic purposes. The teeth were randomly divided into two groups (n=30). The teeth in group A were etched with 37% phosphoric acid gel, while the teeth in group B were subjected to Er,Cr:YSGG laser irradiation (gold handpiece, MZ8 tip, 50Hz, 4...
September 2017: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295844/loss-of-rkip-is-a-frequent-event-in-myeloid-sarcoma-and-promotes-leukemic-tissue-infiltration
#7
Veronica Caraffini, Bianca Perfler, Johannes Lorenz Berg, Barbara Uhl, Silvia Schauer, Karl Kashofer, Nassim Ghaffari-Tabrizi-Wizsy, Herbert Strobl, Albert Wölfler, Gerald Hoefler, Heinz Sill, Armin Zebisch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2, 2018: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290071/hakim-mohammad-a-persian-military-surgeon-in-safavid-era-1501-1736-ce
#8
S-Ali Khodaie, Farzaneh Ghaffari, Arman Zargaran, Mohsen Naseri
BACKGROUND: Wars and injuries have accompanied mankind throughout history. Physicians and surgeons from various civilizations made difficult attempts to manage wounds and injuries. Among various civilizations, the Persian Empires had great armies which were well equipped. One of the most important organizations in Persian troops was the military surgery. METHODS: This study presents a brief biography of Hakim Mohammad (a military surgeon in Safavid era) and introduces his book, Dhakhira-yi-Kamilah...
December 31, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274334/targeting-of-egfr-increase-anti-cancer-effects-of-arsenic-trioxide-promising-treatment-for-glioblastoma-multiform
#9
Yashar Mesbahi, Ali Zekri, Shahin Ahmadian, Kamran Alimoghaddam, Ardeshir Ghavamzadeh, Seyed H Ghaffari
Glioblastoma multiform (GBM) accounts for the most common form of primary brain tumors with very limited survival rate. Drug resistance is the main challenges for good prognosis of GBM patients. Arsenic trioxide (ATO) as a multifunctional drug has been investigated for the treatment of several solid tumors. Amplification/overexpression of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene as a signature genetic abnormality of GBM tumors can be a chemoresistance mechanism. In this study, we use erlotinib as an EGFR inhibitor to increase the sensitivity of GBM cell lines to ATO treatment...
December 20, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259632/epidemiology-of-q-fever-in-iran-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-for-estimating-serological-and-molecular-prevalence
#10
REVIEW
Zary Nokhodian, Awat Feizi, Behrooz Ataei, Shervin Ghaffari Hoseini, Ehsan Mostafavi
Background: Q fever is endemic in Iran, thus, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis on epidemiology of Coxiella burnetii among humans and animals in Iran. Materials and Methods: A systematic search was performed to identify all articles reporting C. burnetii prevalence in Iranian humans or animals, published from January 2000 to January 2015. Data from articles were extracted, and a pooled estimate of prevalence with corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated using random effect method...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245379/a-new-species-of-i-hemidactylus-i-squamata-gekkota-gekkonidae-%C3%A2-from-qara-dagh-mountains-kurdistan-region-with-a-key-to-the-genus-in-iraq
#11
Barbod Safaei-Mahroo, Hanyeh Ghaffari, Aram Ghafoor, Saywan Amini
We describe a new species of gecko of the genus Hemidactylus from the oak woodlands of Zagros Forest Steppe of Qara Dagh Mountains, Sulaimani, northeastern Iraq, based on morphological and molecular characteristics. Hemidactylus kurdicus sp. nov. is distinguished from all other related Arid clade Hemidactylus species in the Middle East by having a single pair of postmental scales; it differs H. turcicus, H. robustus, H. ulii, H. sinaitus, H. shihraensis and H. yerburii based on the number of lamellae under the first and fourth toes of pes...
December 12, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244016/oleic-acid-in-the-modulation-of-oocyte-and-preimplantation-embryo-development
#12
Shabnam Fayezi, Jo L M R Leroy, Marefat Ghaffari Novin, Masoud Darabi
Potential reproductive effects are considered as the major aspect of biomolecules functionality in an organism. The recent identification of differential patterns of fatty acids across ovarian follicles and their association with levels of sexual maturity highlights the importance of these biomolecules. It is well known that fatty acids are highly diverse in terms of their functional properties. Oleic acid is chemically classified as an unsaturated omega-9 fatty acid. Besides serving as an important energy source, oleic acid is involved in metabolic and structural roles...
December 15, 2017: Zygote: the Biology of Gametes and Early Embryos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236166/correction-to-expression-of-matrix-metalloproteinase-12-is-highly-specific-for-non-proliferating-invasive-trophoblasts-in-the-first-trimester-and-temporally-regulated-by-oxygen-dependent-mechanisms-including-hif-1a
#13
Ursula Hiden, Christian P Eyth, Alejandro Majali-Martinez, Gernot Desoye, Carmen Tam-Amersdorfer, Berthold Huppertz, Nassim Ghaffari Tabrizi-Wizsy
In the original publication, the contribution of Dr. Christian Eyth as equal first author was not indicated. This has been corrected confirming that U. Hidden and C. Eyth contributed equally to this work.
December 13, 2017: Histochemistry and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215395/topical-tacrolimus-as-adjuvant-therapy-to-corticosteroids-in-acute-endothelial-graft-rejection-after-penetrating-keratoplasty-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Mohammad Nasser Hashemian, Golshan Latifi, Reza Ghaffari, Hamed Ghassemi, Mehran Zarei Ghanavati, Seyed-Farzad Mohammadi, Mehdi Yasseri, Mohammad Reza Fallah Tafti, Zahra Fallah Tafti
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of topical tacrolimus 0.05% as adjuvant therapy to corticosteroids in the treatment of acute endothelial rejection of a penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) graft. METHODS: Patients with the clinical diagnosis of acute endothelial rejection of a PKP graft were randomized into 2 groups-group 1: receiving topical tacrolimus 0.05% as adjuvant therapy to corticosteroid treatment and group 2: receiving only corticosteroid treatment. Main outcome measures were rejection reversal, time to rejection reversal, and recurrence of rejection...
December 5, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175649/anti-m%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-genetic-and-environmental-effects
#15
REVIEW
Seyedeh Zahra Shahrokhi, Faranak Kazerouni, Firouzeh Ghaffari
Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) is a homodimeric glycoprotein produced by granulosa cells of growing ovarian follicles. AMH appears to have an inhibitory effect on both primordial follicle recruitment and responsiveness of growing follicles to follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH). This hormone is considered to be a reliable marker of ovarian reserve; therefore, it is crucial to determine which factors influence AMH levels for prognostic and diagnostic purposes. In this review we intend to discuss the effect of genetic and environmental factors which may lead to AMH interindividual variability...
November 23, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171504/intraoperative-optical-coherence-tomography-to-evaluate-the-effect-of-the-eyelid-speculum-on-corneal-pachymetry-during-accelerated-corneal-cross-linking-9%C3%A2-mw-cm-2
#16
R Ghaffari, M Mortazavi, P Anvari, A Salamat Rad, F Alipour, F Hafezi, S Asgari, H Hashemi
PurposeTo investigate intraoperative anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) to compare pachymetry changes between two methods (group 1: speculum-on, group 2: speculum-off during riboflavin instillation stage) during corneal cross-linking /CXL) (9 mW/cm(2) for 10 min) in keratoconic patients.MethodsIn this interventional case series, 11 eyes (11 patients) in group 1 and 14 eyes (14 patients) in group 2 were enrolled. Pachymetry measurements by spectral domain OCT was performed at baseline, after epithelial removal, after 30 min of imbibition with riboflavin, and after UV irradiation...
November 24, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168964/using-theory-of-planned-behavior-for-prediction-of-delivery-mode-among-pregnant-women-a-theory-based-cross-sectional-research
#17
Mohtasham Ghaffari, Atefeh Afshari, Sakineh Rakhshanderou, Bahram Armoon
Background Nowadays, in Iran cesarean rates have increased from the recommended level of the World Health Organization (WHO). Objectives The objective of the present study was to determine which theory of planned behavior (TPB) constructs predict intentions and delivery mode among pregnant women. Methods One hundred and four pregnant nulliparous women in their third trimesters of pregnancy referred to Semirom health care centers were investigated based on census reports. The data were collected by valid and reliable questionnaire based on the TPB constructs and analyzed by SPSS16...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159499/redistribution-of-cell-cycle-by-arsenic-trioxide-is-associated-with-demethylation-and-expression-changes-of-cell-cycle-related-genes-in-acute-promyelocytic-leukemia-cell-line-nb4
#18
Saeed Hassani, Ali Khaleghian, Shahin Ahmadian, Shaban Alizadeh, Kamran Alimoghaddam, Ardeshir Ghavamzadeh, Seyed H Ghaffari
PML-RARα perturbs the normal epigenetic setting, which is essential to oncogenic transformation in acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). Transcription induction and recruitment of DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs) by PML-RARα and subsequent hypermethylation are components of this perturbation. Arsenic trioxide (ATO), an important drug in APL therapy, concurrent with degradation of PML-RARα induces cell cycle change and apoptosis. How ATO causes cell cycle alteration has remained largely unexplained. Here, we investigated DNA methylation patterns of cell cycle regulatory genes promoters, the effects of ATO on the methylated genes and cell cycle distribution in an APL cell line, NB4...
November 20, 2017: Annals of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157293/effect-of-memantine-on-post-operative-cognitive-dysfunction-after-cardiac-surgeries-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
Saba Ghaffary, Padideh Ghaeli, Azita Hajhossein Talasaz, Abbasali Karimi, Maryam Noroozian, Abbas Salehiomran, Arash Jalali
BACKGROUND: Post-operative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is an important complication of cardiac surgeries. Glutamate plays a critical role in physiologic and pathologic conditions in the brain. Due to the role of glutamate in ischemia, this study is designed to identify the effect of memantine in prevention of POCD early and late after cardiac surgeries. METHODS: In this randomized clinical trial, 172 patients with ages 45-75 years old who underwent elective cardiac surgery were enrolled...
November 21, 2017: Daru: Journal of Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154069/nigella-sativa-improves-glucose-homeostasis-and-serum-lipids-in-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Reza Daryabeygi-Khotbehsara, Mahdieh Golzarand, Mohammad Payam Ghaffari, Kurosh Djafarian
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE(S): Global prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) is very high and is currently growing alarmingly. With respect to recent researchers' attention to the potential role of herbal medicine in disease prevention and management, the present meta-analysis review investigates the effectiveness of Nigella sativa (N. sativa), a popular herb, in T2D. METHODS: Literature search was conducted covering PubMed/Medline, Scopus, and Cochrane Registry of Clinical Trials up to February 2017 to obtain the relevant published intervention studies...
December 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
keyword
keyword
12481
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"