keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Ghaffari

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533173/targeting-human-telomerase-rna-component-using-antisense-oligonucleotide-induces-rapid-cell-death-and-increases-ato-induced-apoptosis-in-apl-cells
#1
Leila Asghari-Kia, Davood Bashash, Ava Safaroghli-Azar, Majid Momeny, Mohsen Hamidpour, Seyed H Ghaffari
The impressive advances carried out in designing pharmacological strategies with the aim of telomerase inhibition in cancers emerged a consensus that telomerase-targeted therapies could be exciting prospect in repertoire of future cancer strategies. The results of the present study indicated that targeting telomerase using an oligonucleotide-based molecule against human telomerase RNA template (hTR ASODN) reduced the survival rate of NB4 cells and induced a caspase-3-dependent apoptosis. Our finding was even noticeable in the synergistic experiments, where we found an enhanced reduction in the viability of the cells after short-term treatment with ATO in combination with the inhibitor...
May 19, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528020/optimal-hybrid-sequencing-and-assembly-feasibility-conditions-for-accurate-genome-reconstruction-and-cost-minimization-strategy
#2
Chun-Chi Chen, Noushin Ghaffari, Xiaoning Qian, Byung-Jun Yoon
Recent advances in high-throughput genome sequencing technologies have enabled the systematic study of various genomes by making whole genome sequencing affordable. Modern sequencers generate a huge number of small sequence fragments called reads, where the read length and the per-base sequencing cost depend on the technology used. To date, many hybrid genome assembly algorithms have been developed that can take reads from multiple read sources to reconstruct the original genome. However, rigorous investigation of the feasibility conditions for complete genome reconstruction and the optimal sequencing strategy for minimizing the sequencing cost has been conspicuously missing...
April 3, 2017: Computational Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522871/mug-mel2-a-novel-highly-pigmented-and-well-characterized-nras-mutated-human-melanoma-cell-line
#3
Beate Rinner, Greta Gandolfi, Katharina Meditz, Marie-Therese Frisch, Karin Wagner, Alessia Ciarrocchi, Federica Torricelli, Raili Koivuniemi, Johanna Niklander, Bernadette Liegl-Atzwanger, Birgit Lohberger, Ellen Heitzer, Nassim Ghaffari-Tabrizi-Wizsy, Dagmar Zweytick, Iris Zalaudek
NRAS mutation in melanoma has been associated with aggressive tumor biology and poor prognosis. Although targeted therapy has been tested for NRAS mutated melanoma, response rates still appear much weaker, than in BRAF mutated melanoma. While plenty of cell lines exist, however, only few melanogenic cell lines retain their in vivo characteristics. In this work we present an intensively pigmented and well-characterized cell line derived from a highly aggressive NRAS mutated cutaneous melanoma, named MUG-Mel2...
May 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512486/students-knowledge-comprehension-after-implementation-of-live-conventional-demonstration-video-teaching-and-video-assisted-instruction-methods-in-endodontic-practice
#4
Nahid Mohammadzadeh Akhlaghi, Zohreh Khalilak, Mehdi Vatanpour, Amirabbas Moshari, Saman Ghaffari, Mohammad Sadegh Namazikhah
INTRODUCTION: Video-assisted clinical instruction (VACID) has been found to be a beneficial teaching tool for various fields in dentistry. The aim of this interventional study was to compare the efficacy of live conventional demonstration (CD), video teaching, and VACID (video with explanation) methods in teaching of root canal treatment to undergraduate dental students. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Forty-two undergraduate senior dental students participated in this study...
2017: Iranian Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503278/conjugate-and-23-valent-pneumococcal-polysaccharide-booster-vaccination-in-asplenic-patients-with-thalassemia-major-a-randomized-clinical-trial-study
#5
Mohammad Sadegh Rezai, Javad Ghaffari, Mohammadreza Mahdavi, Amir Bahari, Shahram Ala
BACKGROUND: Pneumococcal vaccine provides protection against invasive pneumococcal disease in population at risk. This study was conducted to compare the antibody response to 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine and 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine in patients with thalassemia major. METHODS: A randomized cross-over clinical trial was performed on 50 asplenic patients with thalassemia major who referred to thalassemia center at Bouali Sina Hospital, Sari, Iran from 2013 to 2014...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495618/a-model-of-acute-renal-allograft-rejection-in-outbred-yorkshire-piglets
#6
Randi Lassiter, Youli Wang, Xuexiu Fang, Matt Winn, Arina Ghaffari, Chak-Sum Ho, Sandra Helman, Ryan Jajosky, Daniel Kleven, N Stanley Nahman, Todd D Merchen
Pigs represent a desirable animal model for the study of rejection in kidney transplantation with inbred Yucatan miniature swine (YMS) the most commonly studied strain due to well defined swine leukocyte antigen (SLA) genotypes. However, limitations to YMS may include cost and availability. Outbred Yorkshire pigs are widely available and significantly cheaper than YMS. Recent advances in SLA genotyping have allowed its application to outbred strains. On this basis, we theorized that Yorkshire pigs would be a viable alternative to YMS for the study of rejection in kidney transplantation...
May 8, 2017: Transplant Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480126/the-life-process-of-children-who-survived-the-manjil-earthquake-a-decaying-or-renewing-process
#7
Abbas Shamsalinia, Fatemeh Ghaffari, Nahid Dehghan-Nayeri, Sarieh Poortaghi
INTRODUCTION: Among earthquake survivors, children are more vulnerable than other age groups due to their exposure to harrowing scenes of devastation as well as their drastically new living situations that result from an earthquake disaster. The life process of children survivors undergoes many different changes that are affected by a wide range of factors. Understanding the life process of these children may lead to effective outcomes and interventions. In addition, observing children survivors establishes knowledge and understanding of the challenges that correspond with earthquake disasters...
April 4, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475467/registered-replication-report-rand-greene-and-nowak-2012
#8
S Bouwmeester, P P J L Verkoeijen, B Aczel, F Barbosa, L Bègue, P Brañas-Garza, T G H Chmura, G Cornelissen, F S Døssing, A M Espín, A M Evans, F Ferreira-Santos, S Fiedler, J Flegr, M Ghaffari, A Glöckner, T Goeschl, L Guo, O P Hauser, R Hernan-Gonzalez, A Herrero, Z Horne, P Houdek, M Johannesson, L Koppel, P Kujal, T Laine, J Lohse, E C Martins, C Mauro, D Mischkowski, S Mukherjee, K O R Myrseth, D Navarro-Martínez, T M S Neal, J Novakova, R Pagà, T O Paiva, B Palfi, M Piovesan, R-M Rahal, E Salomon, N Srinivasan, A Srivastava, B Szaszi, A Szollosi, K Ø Thor, G Tinghög, J S Trueblood, J J Van Bavel, A E van 't Veer, D Västfjäll, M Warner, E Wengström, J Wills, C E Wollbrant
In an anonymous 4-person economic game, participants contributed more money to a common project (i.e., cooperated) when required to decide quickly than when forced to delay their decision (Rand, Greene & Nowak, 2012), a pattern consistent with the social heuristics hypothesis proposed by Rand and colleagues. The results of studies using time pressure have been mixed, with some replication attempts observing similar patterns (e.g., Rand et al., 2014) and others observing null effects (e.g., Tinghög et al., 2013; Verkoeijen & Bouwmeester, 2014)...
March 1, 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463814/al2o3-ti-functionally-graded-material-prepared-by-spark-plasma-sintering-for-orthopaedic-applications
#9
Marjan Bahraminasab, S Ghaffari, Hossein Eslami-Shahed
Orthopaedic prostheses still suffer from limited lifetime which imposes revision surgery with the associated risks involved. This, to some extent, is related to the vulnerability of the biomaterials used for their fabrication that are commonly single-constituent and uniform. Therefore, hybrid biomaterials such as composites and functionally graded materials (FGMs) are being developed to overcome the shortcomings of available biomaterials. The present paper focuses on the study of the structural, physical and mechanical properties of a FGM made of alumina-titanium fabricated by spark plasma sintering (SPS)...
April 26, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461864/the-effectiveness-of-ibuprofen-and-lorazepam-combination-therapy-in-treating-the-symptoms-of-acute-migraine-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#10
Reza Ebrahimi Rad, Fatemeh Ghaffari, Zahra Fotokian, Azadeh Ramezani
BACKGROUND: Migraine is a common, episodic and debilitating disease. The migraineur not only suffers from pain, but also lives with a diminished to poor quality of life. Several medicinal therapies are used to abate the debilitating symptoms of this disease. OBJECTIVE: The present study was conducted to determine the effectiveness of Ibuprofen and Lorazepam combination therapy in treating the symptoms of acute migraine. METHODS: The present randomized clinical trial study used the pretest-posttest design with three comparison treatments, to examine 90 patients with an average of two to six attacks per month and an initial diagnosis of migraine based on the International Headache Society (HIS) criteria...
March 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460618/specific-targeting-of-her2-positive-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma-line-hn5-by-idarubicin-zher2-affibody-conjugate
#11
Marzieh Ghanemi, Aminollah Pourshohod, Mohammad Ali Ghaffari, Alireza Kheirollah, Mansour Amin, Majid Zeinali, Mostafa Jamalan
Expression of human epidermal growth factor receptor type 2 (HER2) in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) cell line HN5 can be employed with great opportunities of success for specific targeting of anti-cancer chemotherapeutic agents. In the current study, HER2-specific affibody molecule, ZHER2:342 (an engineered protein with great affinity for HER2 receptors) was selected for conjugation to idarubicin (an anti-neoplastic antibiotic). ZHER2:342 affibody gene with one added cysteine code at the its 5' end was synthesized de novo and then inserted into pET302 plasmid and transferred to E...
April 26, 2017: Current Cancer Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453298/primary-ovarian-insufficiency-with-t-5-13-a-case-report-and-literature-review-on-disrupted-genes
#12
F Mohamadhashem, M Rafati, F Hoseininasab, S Rostami, R Tabatabaie, S Rezai, M Keramatipour, S R Ghaffari
OBJECTIVES: To report a woman with primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) with reciprocal translocation between chromosomes 5 and 13. METHODS: Chromosomal analysis (G-banding) of a 39-year-old woman with elevated gonadotropin levels and secondary amenorrhea and review of the literature with a special focus on disrupted genes at the reported breakpoints. RESULTS: A reciprocal translocation between the long arms of chromosomes 5 and 13 was identified in the patient (46,XX,t(5;13)(q13;q14))...
April 28, 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451088/the-association-of-right-coronary-artery-conus-branch-size-and-course-with-st-segment-elevation-of-right-precordial-leads-and-clinical-outcome-of-acute-anterior-myocardial-infarction
#13
Samad Ghaffari, Mohammadreza Taban Sadeghi, Mohammad Hossein Sayyadi
Introduction: Coronary artery disease is the leading cause of death worldwide and electrocardiogram (ECG) is a reliable diagnostic tool to determine a myocardial infarction. The present study tried to compare the relationship between the ECG findings and angiographic findings in patients with acute anterior myocardial infarction. Methods: Seventy-four patients with acute anterior ST elevation myocardial infarction (Ant- STEMI) presenting to the emergency room in the first 12 hours after the onset of symptoms were studied...
2017: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449991/evaluation-of-abamectin-diazinon-and-chlorpyrifos-pesticide-residues-in-apple-product-of-mahabad-region-gardens-iran-in-2014
#14
Meghdad Pirsaheb, Nazir Fattahi, Rahim Rahimi, Kiomars Sharafi, Hamid Reza Ghaffari
The purpose of this study was to investigate abamectin, diazinon and chlorpyrifos in apple from the Mahabad of Iran. The influences of several parameters including shadow and sun, geographical directions and varieties of apples, whether they are golden or red type, was also taken into account on the residuals of the pesticides in the samples. The results indicated that sun considerably decreased the concentrations of diazinon and chlorpyrifos in samples exposed to it. Geographical directions are showed to be non-influential on diazinon while they are influential on chlorpyrifos ones...
September 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443702/turmeric-supplementation-improves-serum-glucose-indices-and-leptin-levels-in-patients-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-diseases
#15
Roya Navekar, Maryam Rafraf, Aida Ghaffari, Mohammad Asghari-Jafarabadi, Manouchehr Khoshbaten
OBJECTIVE: Insulin and leptin resistance are important risk factors for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). There is limited evidence regarding the effects of turmeric on NAFLD. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of turmeric supplementation on glycemic status and serum leptin levels in patients with NAFLD. METHODS: This double-blind randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted on 46 patients with NAFLD (21males and 25 females) aged 20-60 years old and body mass index (BMI) between 24...
April 26, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442024/intracytoplasmic-oxidative-stress-reverses-epigenetic-modifications-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#16
Fatemeh Eini, Marefat Ghaffari Novin, Khojasteh Joharchi, Ahmad Hosseini, Hamid Nazarian, Abbas Piryaei, Arash Bidadkosh
In polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), substantial genetic and environmental alterations, along with hyperandrogenism, affect the quality of oocytes and decrease ovulation rates. To determine the mechanisms underlying these alterations caused specifically by an increase in plasma androgens, the present study was performed in experimentally-induced PCOS mice. As the study model, female B6D2F1 mice were treated with dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA, 6mg per 100g bodyweight). After 20 days, oocytes at the germinal vesicle and metaphase II stages were retrieved from isolated ovaries and subsequent analyses of oocyte quality were performed for each mouse...
April 26, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441794/reciprocal-interactions-of-leukemic-cells-with-bone-marrow-stromal-cells-promote-enrichment-of-leukemic-stell-cell-compartments-in-response-to-curcumin-and-daunorubicin
#17
Saeed Mohammadi, Mohsen Nikbakht, Seyed Mehdi Sajjadi, Fariba Rad, Bahram Chahardouli, Javid Sabour Takanlu, Shahrbano Rostami, Kamran Alimoghaddam, Ardeshir Ghavamzadeh, Seyed H Ghaffari
A predominant challenge in developing curative leukemia therapy is interactions of leukemic cells with the bone marrow stromal microenvironment. We aimed to investigate the role of stromal cells, such as bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells (BMSCs) and osteoblasts (OBs), in curcumin (CUR) and daunorubicin (DNR) induced apoptosis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells. We used KG1 and U937 as leukemia cell line models and treated them with CUR and DNR. The cells were then co-cultured with BMSCs or a combination of BMSCs and OBs as feeders...
March 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441705/oral-complications-of-the-oromaxillofacial-area-radiotherapy
#18
Hakimeh Ahadian, Soghra Yassaei, Fathollah Bouzarjomehri, Mehrdad Ghaffari Targhi, Khatereh Kheirollahi
Background: The incidence of malignancies is on the rise in different communities, making them the second most important cause of mortality in developed countries. One of the treatment modalities for these malignancies, apart from surgery and chemotherapy, is radiotherapy which might in itself lead to some complications in the area receiving radiation. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the prevalence of oral complications in patients undergoing radiotherapy of the oromaxillofacial area in Shahid Ramazanzadeh Radiotherapy Center in Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences...
March 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435821/utilization-of-pfge-as-a-powerful-discriminative-tool-for-the-investigation-of-genetic-diversity-among-mrsa-strains
#19
Solmaz Ohadian Moghadam, Mohammad Reza Pourmand, Masoumeh Douraghi, Samira Sabzi, Parisa Ghaffari
BACKGROUND: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a significant challenge to the burn patient. The implementation of proper monitoring programs and prompt identification of epidemic MRSA strains are critical to consequently control and eradicate potential outbreaks. This study aimed to define the genetic relatedness of MRSA strains isolated from burn patients by analyzing the large fragments of DNA. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 126 pus/wound swabs from skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) were collected from inpatients of Shahid Motahari Burn Center (Tehran, Iran) in 2013...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425863/targeted-drug-delivery-based-on-gold-nanoparticle-derivatives
#20
Mazaher Gholipourmalekabadi, Mohammadmahdi Mobaraki, Maryam Ghaffari, Amir Zarebkohan, Vahid F Omrani, Aleksandra M Urbanska, Alexander Seifalian
Drug delivery systems are effective and attractive methods which allow therapeutic substances to be introduced into the body more effectively and safe by having tunable delivery rate and release target site. Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) have a myriad of favorable physical, chemical, optical, thermal and biological properties that make them highly suitable candidates as non-toxic carriers for drug and gene delivery. The surface modifications of AuNPs profoundly improve their circulation, minimize aggregation rates, enhance attachment to therapeutic molecules and target agents due to their nano range size which further increases their ability to cross cell membranes and reduce overall cytotoxicity...
April 19, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
keyword
keyword
12481
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"