keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Ror

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331507/adropin-an-endocrine-link-between-the-biological-clock-and-cholesterol-homeostasis
#1
Sarbani Ghoshal, Joseph R Stevens, Cyrielle Billon, Clemence Girardet, Sadichha Sitaula, Arthur S Leon, D C Rao, James S Skinner, Tuomo Rankinen, Claude Bouchard, Marinelle V Nuñez, Kimber L Stanhope, Deborah A Howatt, Alan Daugherty, Jinsong Zhang, Matthew Schuelke, Edward P Weiss, Alisha R Coffey, Brian J Bennett, Praveen Sethupathy, Thomas P Burris, Peter J Havel, Andrew A Butler
OBJECTIVE: Identify determinants of plasma adropin concentrations, a secreted peptide translated from the Energy Homeostasis Associated (ENHO) gene linked to metabolic control and vascular function. METHODS: Associations between plasma adropin concentrations, demographics (sex, age, BMI) and circulating biomarkers of lipid and glucose metabolism were assessed in plasma obtained after an overnight fast in humans. The regulation of adropin expression was then assessed in silico, in cultured human cells, and in animal models...
December 30, 2017: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311458/-adverse-event-trends-associated-with-over-the-counter-combination-cold-remedy-data-mining-of-the-japanese-adverse-drug-event-report-database
#2
Sayaka Sasaoka, Haruna Hatahira, Shiori Hasegawa, Yumi Motooka, Akiho Fukuda, Misa Naganuma, Ryogo Umetsu, Satoshi Nakao, Akari Shimauchi, Natsumi Ueda, Kouseki Hirade, Kazuhiro Iguchi, Mitsuhiro Nakamura
 OTC combination cold remedies are widely used in Japan. In the present study, we aimed to evaluate the adverse event profiles of OTC combination cold remedy based on the components using the Japanese Adverse Drug Event Report (JADER) database. The JADER database contained 430587 reports between April 2004 and November 2016. 1084 adverse events associated with the use of OTC combination cold remedy were reported. Reporting odds ratio (ROR) was used to detect safety signals. The ROR values for "skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders", "hepatobiliary disorders", and "immune system disorders" stratified by system organ class of the Medical Dictionary for Regulatory Activities (MedDRA) were 9...
2018: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310950/expression-and-clinical-role-of-long-non-coding-rna-in-high-grade-serous-carcinoma
#3
Natalie Filippov-Levy, Hallel Cohen-Schussheim, Claes G Tropé, Thea E Hetland Falkenthal, Yoav Smith, Ben Davidson, Reuven Reich
OBJECTIVE: To profile long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) expression at the various anatomic sites of high-grades serous carcinoma (HGSC) and in effusion-derived exosomes. METHODS: LncRNA profiling was performed on 60 HGSC specimens, including 10 ovarian tumors, 10 solid metastases and 10 malignant effusions, as well as exosomes from 30 effusion supernatants. Anatomic site-related expression of ESRG, Link-A, GAS5, MEG3, GATS, PVT1 H19, Linc-RoR, HOTAIR and MALAT1 was validated by quantitative PCR and assessed for clinical relevance in a series of 77 HGSC effusions, 40 ovarian carcinomas, 21 solid metastases and 42 supernatant exosomes...
January 5, 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299179/lncrnas-and-their-role-in-cancer-stem-cells
#4
REVIEW
Shusen Chen, Jiamin Zhu, Feng Wang, Zhifeng Guan, Yangyang Ge, Xi Yang, Jing Cai
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) play a vital role in the formation of tumors and have been studied as a target of anticancer therapy. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are important in the genesis and progression of cancer. Various lncRNAs, such as ROR, HOTAIR, H19, UCA1, and ARSR, are involved in cancer stemness. These lncRNAs could regulate the expression of CSC-related transcriptional factors, such as SOX2, OCT4, and NANOG, in colorectal, prostate, bladder, breast, liver, and other cancer types. In this work, we review the progress of lncRNAs and cancer stem cells and discuss the potential signal pathways of lncRNAs in cancer stemness...
December 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298833/production-of-il-17-by-mait-cells-is-increased-in-multiple-sclerosis-and-is-associated-with-il-7-receptor-expression
#5
Anne Willing, Jan Jäger, Stefanie Reinhardt, Nina Kursawe, Manuel A Friese
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a T cell-driven inflammatory disease of the CNS. Research on T cell subsets involved in MS pathogenesis has mainly focused on classical CD4+ T cells, especially Th17 cells, as they produce the proinflammatory, MS-associated cytokine IL-17. However, the abundant unconventional mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells are also able to produce IL-17. MAIT cells are characterized by high CD161 expression and a semi-invariant Vα7.2 TCR, with which they recognize bacterial and yeast Ags derived from the riboflavin (vitamin B2) metabolism...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280051/long-non-coding-rna-linc-ror-is-upregulated-in-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma
#6
Ranran Zhang, Heather Hardin, Wei Huang, Darya Buehler, Ricardo V Lloyd
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) may contribute to carcinogenesis and tumor progression by regulating transcription and gene expression. The role of lncRNAs in the regulation of thyroid cancer progression is being extensively examined. Here, we analyzed three lncRNAs that were overexpressed in papillary thyroid carcinomas, long intergenic non-protein coding RNA, regulator of reprogramming (Linc-ROR, ROR) PVT1 oncogene (PVT1), and HOX transcript antisense intergenic RNA (HOTAIR) to determine their roles in thyroid tumor development and progression...
December 26, 2017: Endocrine Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259310/clinical-and-immunological-effects-of-rhil-2-therapy-in-eastern-chinese-patients-with-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis
#7
Qi Tan, Rui Min, Guan-Qun Dai, Yan-Li Wang, Li Nan, Zhen Yang, Jun Xia, Shi-Yang Pan, Huang Mao, Wei-Ping Xie, Hong Wang
It is urgent to find an optimised therapy regimen for the control of MDR-TB globally. This study aimed to evaluate the efficiacy and safety of a combined regimen of rhIL-2 injection and standard chemotherapy within 18-month duration in a randomized controlled trial conducted in 14 centres in eastern China. From Jan. 2009 to July. 2016, 271 MDR-TB cases were enrolled and followed up in two groups, 142 cases in study group while 129 cases in control group. Clinical efficacy, safety and immune activity (Th1, Th17, Treg, IFN-γ, IL-17) among the two groups were evaluated and compared...
December 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249119/expression-of-mirna-155-foxp3-and-ror-gamma-in-children-with-moderate-and-severe-atopic-dermatitis
#8
Massimiliano Bergallo, Martina Accorinti, Ilaria Galliano, Paola Coppo, Paola Montanari, Pietro Quaglino, Francesco Savino
BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis is a disease characterized by a chronic inflammatory process in the skin, but its link to miRNA 155 is less known. The aim of the study was to evaluate the expression of microRNA155, and T helper type 17 cells and Treg cells in children with atopic dermatitis. METHODS: The study population consisted of: children seen for atopic dermatitis at the outpatient ambulatory of Dermatology at the Children Hospital Regina Margherita, Torino, Italy,( n = 23); healthy control subjects ( n =23)...
December 15, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237490/linc-ror-promotes-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-progression-through-the-derepression-of-sox9
#9
Lianghai Wang, Xiaodan Yu, Zhiyu Zhang, Lijuan Pang, Jiang Xu, Jinfang Jiang, Weihua Liang, Yuhang Chai, Jun Hou, Feng Li
BACKGROUND: Novel therapies tailored to the molecular composition of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) are needed to improve patient survival. We investigated the regulatory network of long intergenic non-protein coding RNA, regulator of reprogramming (linc-ROR) and sex-determining region Y-box 9 (SOX9), and their therapeutic relevance in ESCC. METHODS: Linc-ROR and SOX9 expression were examined in ESCC specimens, cell lines, and cultured tumorspheres. We investigated the effects of linc-ROR on SOX9 expression and malignant phenotypes by CCK8, colony formation, Transwell, and sphere-forming assay...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228969/race-associated-biological-differences-among-luminal-a-and-basal-like-breast-cancers-in-the-carolina-breast-cancer-study
#10
Humberto Parada, Xuezheng Sun, Jodie M Fleming, ClarLynda R Williams-DeVane, Erin L Kirk, Linnea T Olsson, Charles M Perou, Andrew F Olshan, Melissa A Troester
BACKGROUND: We examined racial differences in the expression of eight genes and their associations with risk of recurrence among 478 white and 495 black women who participated in the Carolina Breast Cancer Study Phase 3. METHODS: Breast tumor samples were analyzed for PAM50 subtype and for eight genes previously found to be differentially expressed by race and associated with breast cancer survival: ACOX2, MUC1, FAM177A1, GSTT2, PSPH, PSPHL, SQLE, and TYMS. The expression of these genes according to race was assessed using linear regression and each gene was evaluated in association with recurrence using Cox regression...
December 11, 2017: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216911/dynamic-expression-of-cytokine-and-transcription-factor-genes-during-experimental-fasciola-gigantica-infection-in-buffaloes
#11
Wei Shi, Zhi-Yong Wei, Hany M Elsheikha, Fu-Kai Zhang, Zhao-An Sheng, Ke-Jing Lu, Dong-Ying Wang, Wei-Yi Huang, Xing-Quan Zhu
BACKGROUND: Determining the mechanisms involved in the immune-pathogenesis of the tropical liver fluke, Fasciola gigantica, is crucial to the development of any effective therapeutic intervention. Here, we examined the differential gene expression of cytokines and transcription factors in the liver of F. gigantica-infected buffaloes, over the course of infection. METHODS: Water buffaloes (swamp type) were infected orally with 500 F. gigantica encysted metacercariae...
December 8, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216625/missing-links-in-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-long-non-coding-rnas-enter-the-arena
#12
Lei Wang, Fan Yang, Lin-Tao Jia, An-Gang Yang
Cancer metastasis occurs through a series of sequential steps, which involves dissemination of tumor cells from a primary site and colonization in distant tissues. To promote the invasion-metastasis cascade, carcinoma cells usually initiate a cell-biological program called epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), which is orchestrated by a set of master regulators, including TGF-β, Snail, ZEB and Twist families. The biological activities of these molecules are tightly regulated by a variety of cell-intrinsic pathways as well as extracellular cues...
December 6, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209875/non-routine-discharge-disposition-is-associated-with-post-discharge-complications-and-30-day-readmissions-following-craniotomy-for-brain-tumor-resection
#13
Nikita Lakomkin, Constantinos G Hadjipanayis
Several studies have reported an association between high-volume brain tumor centers and greater rates of routine discharge disposition in the context of better outcomes. However, the relationship between in-hospital complications, discharge destination, and postoperative adverse events (AEs) remains unexplored. The purpose of this study was thus to use a large, prospectively collected database to examine the association between discharge destination, post-discharge complications, readmissions, and reoperations among patients undergoing craniotomy for brain tumor...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204330/a-bias-in-the-evaluation-of-bias-comparing-randomized-trials-with-nonexperimental-studies
#14
Jessica M Franklin, Sara Dejene, Krista F Huybrechts, Shirley V Wang, Martin Kulldorff, Kenneth J Rothman
In a recent BMJ article, the authors conducted a meta-analysis to compare estimated treatment effects from randomized trials with those derived from observational studies based on routinely collected data (RCD). They calculated a pooled relative odds ratio (ROR) of 1.31 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.03-1.65) and concluded that RCD studies systematically over-estimated protective effects. However, their meta-analysis inverted results for some clinical questions to force all estimates from RCD to be below 1...
April 2017: Epidemiologic Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202609/the-ability-of-pam50-risk-of-recurrence-score-to-predict-10-year-distant-recurrence-in-hormone-receptor-positive-postmenopausal-women-with-special-histological-subtypes
#15
Anne-Vibeke Laenkholm, Maj-Britt Jensen, Jens Ole Eriksen, Wesley Buckingham, Sean Ferree, Torsten O Nielsen, Bent Ejlertsen
INTRODUCTION: The Prosigna-PAM50 risk of recurrence (ROR) score has been validated in randomized clinical trials to predict 10-year distant recurrence (DR) in hormone receptor-positive breast cancer. Here, we examine the ability of Prosigna for predicting DR at 10 years in a subgroup of postmenopausal breast cancer patients with special histological subtypes. METHODS: Using the population based Danish Breast Cancer Group database, follow-up data were collected on all patients diagnosed from 2000 to 2003 with estrogen receptor (ER)-positive and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) normal breast cancer who by nationwide guidelines were treated with 5 year of endocrine therapy (N = 2558)...
January 2018: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202301/spleen-tyrosine-kinase-inhibition-ameliorates-airway-inflammation-through-modulation-of-nlrp3-inflammosome-and-th17-treg-axis
#16
Divyesh Patel, Sagar Gaikwad, Naveen Challagundla, Manish Nivsarkar, Reena Agrawal-Rajput
Repeated exposure to the fungal pathogen Aspergillus fumigates triggers spleen tyrosine kinase (SYK) signalling through dectin-1 activation, which is associated with deleterious airway inflammation. β-Glucan-induced dectin-1 signalling activates the NLRP3 inflammasome, which in turn rapidly produces IL-1β, a master regulator of inflammation. IL-1β expression results in Th17/Treg imbalance, pulmonary inflammation, and bystander tissue injury. This study reports that 3,4 methylenedioxy-β-nitrostyrene (MNS), a potent SYK inhibitor, markedly decreased the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and increased the expression of anti-inflammatory cytokines in vitro...
December 1, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199239/evaluation-of-drug-induced-photosensitivity-using-the-japanese-adverse-drug-event-report-jader-database
#17
Satoshi Nakao, Haruna Hatahira, Sayaka Sasaoka, Shiori Hasegawa, Yumi Motooka, Natsumi Ueda, Junko Abe, Akiho Fukuda, Misa Naganuma, Hiroyuki Kanoh, Mariko Seishima, Motoyuki Ishiguro, Yasutomi Kinosada, Mitsuhiro Nakamura
Drug-induced photosensitivity (DIP) refers to the development of cutaneous disorders caused by the combined effects of different medications and light. The aim of this study was to obtain new information on drug risk comparisons and on DIP onset profiles, including seasonal variations, for clinically used prescription drugs. We analyzed reports of DIP recorded in the Japanese Adverse Drug Event Report (JADER) database using a reporting odds ratio (ROR). We also used Weibull proportional-hazards models for each drug to examine the patterns of DIP...
2017: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198133/foxp3-ror%C3%AE-t-and-il-10-cytokine-profile-in-chronic-heart-failure
#18
F Gorzin, A A Amirzargar, M J Mahmoudi, Z Rahnemoon, F Najmi Varzaneh, M Hedayat, S Sadati, V Eskandari, Z Rahmati, N Rezaei
BACKGROUND: Distinct subsets of T cells play crucial regulatory roles in inflammatory processes of chronic heart failure (CHF). Retinoic acid receptor-related orphan receptor-γt (Ror-γt) and Forkhead box P3 (Foxp3) have been defined as the "master regulators" of Th17 cells and Treg cells, respectively. At the same time, anti-inflammatory cytokines such as IL-10 may neutralize inflammation in CHF. The current study was designed to compare FOXP3, RORγt and IL-10 protein expression in the blood and IL-10 in supernatant PBMCs in CHF patients versus normal subjects...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196988/analysis-of-spontaneous-postmarket-case-reports-submitted-to-the-fda-regarding-thromboembolic-adverse-events-and-jak-inhibitors
#19
Abril Verden, Mo Dimbil, Robert Kyle, Brian Overstreet, Keith B Hoffman
INTRODUCTION: The Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitor baricitinib is approved in Europe and Japan for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. In April 2017, the US FDA expressed concern about thromboembolic events (deep venous thrombosis [DVT] and pulmonary embolism [PE]) observed in placebo-controlled clinical trials of baricitinib. The European and Japanese labels for baricitinib were recently updated to include a precaution related to potential thromboembolic events in patients at risk. Given that the FDA-approved drugs tofacitinib and ruxolitinib are in the same class, we conducted a safety review of the FDA's Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS) to assess postmarketing reporting rates for related thromboembolic risks...
December 2, 2017: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194783/assessing-dutasteride-associated-sexual-dysfunction-using-the-u-s-food-and-drug-administration-adverse-event-reporting-system-faers
#20
Aditya K Gupta, Jessie Carviel, Madhulika A Gupta, Neil H Shear
BACKGROUND: Incidences of sexual dysfunction due to the use of 5 α-reductase inhibitors have been suggested. Despite low sexual dysfunction reported in clinical trials, an analysis of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS) database revealed a significant disproportionality in the reporting of sexual dysfunction with the use of finasteride. Therefore, it is likely that a similar relationship with dutasteride may exist. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether dutasteride use leads to a higher risk of sexual dysfunction compared to a baseline risk for all other drugs using the FAERS database...
December 1, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
keyword
keyword
12480
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"