keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Snakebite

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909065/evaluation-of-kim-1-as-an-early-biomarker-of-snakebite-induced-aki-in-mice
#1
Rodrigo Tavares Dantas, Tiago Lima Sampaio, Dânya Bandeira Lima, Ramon Róseo Paula Pessoa Bezerra de Menezes, Jader Almeida Canuto, Marcos Hikari Toyama, Janaína Serra Azul Monteiro Evangelista, Alice Maria Costa Martins
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is one of the most important complications of bothropic poisoning and its early identification remains challenging. The nephrotoxicity of Bothrops insularis venom (BinsV) was previously described by our research group. In this study, we continued to evaluate the effect of BinsV on kidney function in mice and LLC-MK2 proximal tubule cells, evaluating KIM-1 protein as an early AKI biomarker. Male Swiss mice were inoculated with BinsV intramuscularly and observed for 24 h in a metabolic cage model...
June 14, 2018: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908262/history-and-perspectives-on-how-to-ensure-antivenom-accessibility-in-the-most-remote-areas-in-brazil
#2
Hui Wen Fan, Wuelton Marcelo Monteiro
A plan to achieve self-sufficiency in manufacturing biologicals for public health has been structured for the last 40 years in Brazil, in the context of a reform in the health system. Industrial plants of the national public laboratories have been modernized, and a program for reducing morbidity and mortality of venomous snakebite has been created, as part of the National Epidemiological Surveillance System. The epidemiological data are essential to plan for the antivenom production of 400,000 vials of snake antivenoms per year, and the acquisition by the Ministry of Health, which is the exclusive purchaser in the country...
June 13, 2018: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892202/clinical-and-epidemiologic-profile-and-predictors-of-outcome-of-poisonous-snake-bites-an-analysis-of-1-500-cases-from-a-tertiary-care-center-in-malabar-north-kerala-india
#3
Kg Sajeeth Kumar, Santhosh Narayanan, V Udayabhaskaran, N K Thulaseedharan
Background: Snake bites are a neglected public health problem in all tropical countries, and particularly in Malabar region of Kerala, India. Demographic characteristics and clinical parameters vary in this part of the world, and studies based on them are scarce. Increased incidence of capillary leak syndrome (CLS) in hemotoxic snake bites and emergence of cases of hump-nosed pit viper (HNPV, Hypnale hypnale ) envenomation are some notable features seen here. Objectives: The study was conducted to assess the epidemiological profile and clinical features to identify factors contributing to outcome in patients with venomous snakebites...
2018: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29879197/mortality-due-to-snakebite-and-other-venomous-animals-in-the-indian-state-of-bihar-findings-from-a-representative-mortality-study
#4
Rakhi Dandona, G Anil Kumar, Archana Kharyal, Sibin George, Md Akbar, Lalit Dandona
BACKGROUND: Animal bites and stings contribute significantly to mortality in certain parts of the world. India accounts for the highest number of snakebites and related mortality globally. We report on mortality due to bite or sting of a venomous animal from a population-based study in the Indian state of Bihar which estimated the causes of death using verbal autopsy. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Interviews were conducted for all deaths that occurred from January 2012 to March 2014 in 109,689 households (87...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29871955/the-snake-in-the-room-snakebite-s-huge-death-toll-demands-a-global-response
#5
Dinsa Sachan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 5, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869597/snakebite-an-exploratory-cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-adjunct-treatment-strategies
#6
Benjamin Herzel, Stephen P Samuel, Tommaso C Bulfone, C Soundara Raj, Matthew Lewin, James G Kahn
The cost-effectiveness of the standard of care for snakebite treatment, antivenom, and supportive care has been established in various settings. In this study, based on data from South Indian private health-care providers, we address an additional question: "For what cost and effectiveness values would adding adjunct-based treatment strategies to the standard of care for venomous snakebites be cost-effective?" We modeled the cost and performance of potential interventions (e.g., pharmacologic or preventive) used adjunctively with antivenom and supportive care for the treatment of snakebite...
June 4, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29796013/delayed-double-reading-of-whole-blood-clotting-test-wbct-results-at-20-and-30-minutes-enhances-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-viper-envenomation
#7
Jordan Max Benjamin, Jean-Philippe Chippaux, Bio Tamou Sambo, Achille Massougbodji
Background: The whole blood clotting test (WBCT) is a simple test of coagulation that is often used in the assessment, diagnosis, and therapeutic monitoring of snakebite patients in sub-Saharan Africa. WBCT requires only a clean glass tube and several milliliters of venous blood and is ideal for use in poorly equipped health centers throughout the rural areas where 95% of snakebites occur. However, questions surrounding the accuracy and reliability of the test remain unanswered due to variations in testing conditions and a lack of comparative research with which to validate them...
2018: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins Including Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792342/misidentification-of-copperhead-and-cottonmouth-snakes-following-snakebites
#8
Robert D Cox, Christina S Parker, Erin C E Cox, Michael B Marlin, Robert L Galli
INTRODUCTION: Copperhead (Agkistrodon contortrix) and cottonmouth or water moccasin (Agkistrodon piscivorus) snakes account for the majority of venomous snakebites in the southern United States. Cottonmouth snakes are generally considered to have more potent venom. Copperheads are considered less venomous and there is some controversy as to whether or not bites from copperhead snakes need to be treated with antivenom. Copperhead and juvenile cottonmouth snakes are both brown in color...
May 24, 2018: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782952/the-snakebite-problem-and-antivenom-crisis-from-a-health-economic-perspective
#9
Abdulrazaq G Habib, Nicholas I Brown
The scourge of snakebite has been well documented but largely ignored by the global health community for several decades, especially the role that economics has played in causing and exacerbating this crisis. Every year millions of people in low and middle-income countries face death, disability and disadvantage from snakebite envenoming (SBE) without access to appropriate treatment. Health-economic factors pervade every aspect of this neglected problem. A multitude of financial and commercial factors helped to cause, and now perpetuate, shortages of high quality, affordable and region-appropriate antivenom in areas where they are most needed...
May 18, 2018: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776445/community-based-audits-of-snake-envenomations-in-a-resource-challenged-setting-of-cameroon-case-series
#10
Frank-Leonel Tianyi, Valirie Ndip Agbor, Joel Noutakdie Tochie, Benjamin Momo Kadia, Armand Seraphin Nkwescheu
BACKGROUND: Snakebites are a major cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide with the highest mortality burden in poor rural areas of sub-Saharan Africa. Inadequate surveillance systems result in loss of morbidity and mortality data in these settings. Although rarely reported in these resource-constraint environments, community-based audits are recognised pivotal tools which could help update existing data and indicate key public health interventions to curb snakebite-related mortality...
May 18, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774760/safety-of-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-in-copperhead-snakebite-patients
#11
Hoang X Pham, Michael E Mullins
INTRODUCTION: Current management guidelines for pit viper envenomations recommend against the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for pain control due to concern for platelet dysfunction and resulting coagulopathy. However, prior research suggests that copperhead snakes generally do not cause coagulopathy and they are responsible for most of the venomous snakebites in the USA. Thus, we compared the occurrences of clinically apparent bleeding and most abnormal laboratory values of coagulation between copperhead envenomation patients who received NSAIDs and those who did not...
May 18, 2018: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764824/achieving-full-neurological-recovery-in-snakebite-using-best-supportive-care
#12
Sally Wright, Genevieve Haddock
A 29-year-old woman presented to a community hospital in Sierra Leone 2 hours after being bitten by an unknown snake. On arrival, she was agitated though alert, however deteriorated into respiratory arrest. There was no local availability of antivenom. The patient remained in respiratory arrest undergoing best supportive care in a low-resource setting for 2 hours 55 minutes before returning to spontaneous ventilation. She went on to make a full neurological recovery. Though spontaneous recovery following snakebite envenoming is rare, this case showcases that good communication and basic manoeuvres can have a hugely positive impact on patient outcome...
May 14, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758383/does-size-matter-venom-proteomic-and-functional-comparison-between-night-adder-species-viperidae-causus-with-short-and-long-venom-glands
#13
Francisco C P Coimbra, James Dobson, Christina N Zdenek, Bianca Op den Brouw, Brett Hamilton, Jordan Debono, Paul Masci, Nathaniel Frank, Lilin Ge, Hang Fai Kwok, Bryan G Fry
Night adders (Causus species within the Viperidae family) are amphibian specialists and a common source of snakebite in Africa. Some species are unique in that they have the longest venom glands of any viper, extending approximately 10% of the body length. Despite their potential medical importance and evolutionary novelty, their venom has received almost no research attention. In this study, venoms from a short-glanded species (C. lichtensteinii) and from a long-glanded species (C. rhombeatus) were compared using a series of proteomic and bioactivity testing techniques to investigate and compare the toxin composition and functioning of the venoms of these two species...
May 11, 2018: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748113/clinical-spectrum-of-acute-poisoning-in-children-admitted-to-the-pediatric-emergency-department
#14
Jung Lee, Nai-Chia Fan, Tsung-Chieh Yao, Shao-Hsuan Hsia, En-Pei Lee, Jing-Long Huang, Han-Ping Wu
BACKGROUND: Pediatric poisoning is a common emergency worldwide. Routine surveillance is required for public health authorities and physicians to update strategies for prevention and management of pediatric poisoning. This study investigated the epidemiology of poisoning among children admitted to an emergency department (ED). METHODS: This was a retrospective descriptive study. Data were collected from patients under 18 years old (y/o) presenting with poisoning at the largest ED in North Taiwan from 2011 to 2015...
April 19, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730149/comparison-of-biological-and-biochemical-characteristics-of-venom-from-rattlesnakes-in-the-southern-baja-california-peninsula
#15
Gustavo Arnaud-Franco, Amaury Cordero-Tapia, Víctor Ortíz-Ávila, Claudia Lizbeth Moctezuma-González, Moisés Tejocote-Pérez, Alejandro Carbajal-Saucedo
In Mexico more than 40% of reported snakebites are due to rattlesnake species. In general, the venoms of these snakes are characterized by the presence of highly enzymatic components that could provoke coagulopathies, local and systemic tissue damage and some cases neurotoxicity. In northwestern Mexico (Baja California Peninsula, Gulf of California and Pacific islands), 15 species of Crotalus are distributed. Such a biodiversity implies a high variability in venom compositions that in turns would results in high variability in clinical manifestations...
June 15, 2018: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723952/why-is-skeletal-muscle-regeneration-impaired-after-myonecrosis-induced-by-viperid-snake-venoms
#16
REVIEW
José María Gutiérrez, Teresa Escalante, Rosario Hernández, Stefano Gastaldello, Patricia Saravia-Otten, Alexandra Rucavado
Skeletal muscle regeneration after myonecrosis involves the activation, proliferation and fusion of myogenic cells, and a coordinated inflammatory response encompassing phagocytosis of necrotic cell debris, and the concerted synthesis of cytokines and growth factors. Myonecrosis often occurs in snakebite envenomings. In the case of venoms that cause myotoxicity without affecting the vasculature, such as those of many elapid snakes, regeneration proceeds successfully. In contrast, in envenomings by most viperid snakes, which affect the vasculature and extracellular matrix in addition to muscle fibers, regeneration is largely impaired and, therefore, the muscle mass is reduced and replaced by fibro-adipose tissue...
May 1, 2018: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705516/icones-plantarum-malabaricarum-early-18th-century-botanical-drawings-of-medicinal-plants-from-colonial-ceylon
#17
Tinde Van Andel, Ariane Scholman, Mieke Beumer
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: From 1640-1796, the Dutch East India Company (VOC) occupied the island of Ceylon (now Sri Lanka). Several VOC officers had a keen interest in the medicinal application of the local flora. The Leiden University Library holds a two-piece codex entitled: Icones Plantarum Malabaricarum, adscriptis nominibus et viribus, Vol. I. & II. (Illustrations of Plants from the Malabar, assigned names and strength). This manuscript contains 262 watercolour drawings of medicinal plants from Sri Lanka, with handwritten descriptions of local names, habitus, medicinal properties and therapeutic applications...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704534/toxin-resolved-antivenomics-guided-assessment-of-the-immunorecognition-landscape-of-antivenoms
#18
Juan J Calvete, Yania Rodríguez, Sarai Quesada-Bernat, Davinia Pla
Snakebite envenoming represents a major issue in rural areas of tropical and subtropical regions across sub-Saharan Africa, South to Southeast Asia, Latin America and Oceania. Antivenoms constitute the only scientifically validated therapy for snakebite envenomings, provided they are safe, effective, affordable, accessible and administered appropriately. However, the lack of financial incentives in a technology that has remained relatively unchanged for more than a century, has contributed to some manufacturers leaving the market and others downscaling production or increasing the prices, leading to a decline in the availability and accessibility for these life-saving antidotes to millions of rural poor most at risk from snakebites in low income countries...
April 25, 2018: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698755/unresolved-issues-in-the-understanding-of-the-pathogenesis-of-local-tissue-damage-induced-by-snake-venoms
#19
REVIEW
José María Gutiérrez, Alexandra Rucavado, Teresa Escalante, Cristina Herrera, Julián Fernández, Bruno Lomonte, Jay W Fox
Snakebite envenoming by viperid species, and by some elapids, is characterized by a complex pattern of tissue damage at the anatomical site of venom injection. In severe cases, tissue destruction may be so extensive as to lead to permanent sequelae, with serious pathophysiological, social and psychological consequences. Significant advances have been performed in the study of venom-induced tissue damage, including identification and characterization of the toxins involved, insights into the mechanisms of action of venoms and toxins, and study of tissue responses to venom-induced injury...
April 23, 2018: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690533/snakebite-when-the-human-touch-becomes-a-bad-touch
#20
REVIEW
Bryan G Fry
Many issues and complications in treating snakebite are a result of poor human social, economic and clinical intervention and management. As such, there is scope for significant improvements for reducing incidence and increasing patient outcomes. Snakes do not target humans as prey, but as our dwellings and farms expand ever farther and climate change increases snake activity periods, accidental encounters with snakes seeking water and prey increase drastically. Despite its long history, the snakebite crisis is neglected, ignored, underestimated and fundamentally misunderstood...
April 21, 2018: Toxins
keyword
keyword
12471
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"