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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243513/evaluation-of-health-care-costs-and-utilization-for-patients-with-gout-a-population-based-matched-cohort-study
#1
Yi-Yun Lee, Chao-Hsiun Tang, Jin-Hua Chen, Li-Na Kuo, Yu Ko
OBJECTIVES: To better understand the economic burden of gout patients in Taiwan, we conducted a nationwide retrospective study to compare the healthcare costs and utilization between gout and gout-free patients. METHODS: The Longitudinal Health Insurance Database (LHID) 2010 was used to identify gout cases and matched gout-free controls. Gout cases were defined as having (1) at least three instances of diagnoses of gout on medical claims or (2) one diagnosis of gout with at least one gout-related pharmacy claim in 2011...
December 15, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242087/complications-with-use-of-misoprostol-for-abortion-in-madagascar-between-ease-of-access-and-lack-of-information
#2
Dolorès Pourette, Chiarella Mattern, Rila Ratovoson, Patricia Raharimalala
OBJECTIVES: To learn what complications some women experienced in Madagascar following use of misoprostol for abortion and what treatment they received post-misoprostol use. STUDY DESIGN: This was a qualitative study in 2015-16 among women who had experienced complications after use of misoprostol, with or without additional methods, for abortion, what information they received before use, what dosage and regimens they used, what complications they experienced and what treatment they received post-use...
December 11, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241438/realizing-e-prescribing-s-potential-to-reduce-outpatient-psychiatric-medication-errors
#3
Matthew E Hirschtritt, Steven Chan, Wilson O Ly
Preliminary evidence from observational and cohort studies suggests that replacement of paper- and phone-based medication prescriptions with electronic prescribing systems in ambulatory settings is associated with decreased medication errors. However, problems from traditional prescribing also occur with e-prescribing (such as incorrect medication dose and instructions or wrong patient), as do some new problems (a confusing user interface leading to prescribing the wrong medication). The authors present four steps for reducing medication errors in outpatient psychiatric settings: continuing to implement e-prescribing, streamlining user interfaces, improving interoperability among various e-prescribing and retail pharmacy systems, and using education and advocacy to achieve these goals...
December 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241362/simplified-teixobactin-analogues-to-target-superbugs
#4
Ishwar Singh
Ishwar Singh speaks to Benjamin Walden, Commissioning Editor. Ishwar Singh is a Senior Lecturer in biological chemistry at the School of Pharmacy, University of Lincoln. Prior to Lincoln, he had held many prestigious fellowships such as the Alexander von Humboldt fellowship, Germany; and Senior Research Fellowship, DANIDA, Denmark and CSIR, India. He is an organic chemist. He has developed bioconjugations for DNA, RNA and polymer modifications. He is currently leading research in novel antimicrobials based on rational design against clinically important resistant bacteria (such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, vancomycin-resistant enterococci, mycobacteria, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Acinetobacter baumannii and Pseudomonas aeruginosa), biologics delivery, peptides, sequence-selective DNA cross linking, nanoparticles modifications for drug delivery and diagnostic applications...
December 15, 2017: Future Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240864/patient-awareness-of-local-drug-price-variation-and-the-factors-that-influence-pharmacy-choice-a-cross-sectional-survey-study
#5
Spencer D Brodsky, Olabola D Awosika, Misty G Eleryan, Monica Rengifo-Pardo, Xiangyu Kuang, Richard L Amdur, Alison Ehrlich
<p>Background: High out-of-pocket drug expenditures are increasingly common in dermatology. Patients may not be aware that prices vary among pharmacies and consequently may not shop for the lowest cost.</p> <p>Objective: To determine what factors influence pharmacy choice and the effect of providing local prescription prices on pharmacy selection. We hypothesized that patients do not "shop around" due to lack of knowledge of price variation and would choose a pharmacy based on costs if educated on price disparity...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239778/accuracy-of-medication-histories-collected-by-pharmacy-technicians-during-hospital-admission
#6
Jena Jobin, Adriane N Irwin, Jana Pimentel, Matthew C Tanner
BACKGROUND: Transitioning activities that do not require clinical judgment from pharmacists to pharmacy technicians has been endorsed as a strategy to increase patient access to clinical pharmacy services. One role becoming increasingly common is using pharmacy technicians to collect the medication history within medication reconciliation processes. OBJECTIVE: To assess the ability of pharmacy technicians to gather a complete and accurate medication history during the inpatient admission process at a regional medical center...
August 19, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239777/a-content-review-of-online-naloxone-continuing-education-courses-for-pharmacists-in-states-with-standing-orders
#7
Delesha M Carpenter, Courtney A Roberts, Salisa C Westrick, Stefanie P Ferreri, Korey A Kennelty, Kevin A Look, Olufunmilola Abraham, Courtenay Wilson
BACKGROUND: Many community pharmacists are uncomfortable educating patients about naloxone, an opioid reversal agent. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether training materials prepare pharmacists to counsel patients and caregivers about naloxone, online naloxone education materials for pharmacists in the 13 states with standing orders were analyzed. METHODS: Two coders reviewed 12 naloxone training programs and extracted data for 15 topics that were clustered in four categories: background/importance, naloxone products, business/operations, and communication...
November 21, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239045/flourishing-positive-emotion-regulation-strategies-of-pharmacy-students
#8
Mariëtta J Basson, Sebastiaan Rothmann
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate whether flourishing students use different emotion regulation strategies from moderately mentally healthy and languishing students. METHODS: Registered pharmacy students (779) at the North-West University in South Africa completed the emotion regulation profile and Mental Health Continuum - Short Form. The data were analysed using a latent class analysis in Mplus 7.31. KEY FINDINGS: Three latent classes were revealed comprising languishing (14...
December 14, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239004/providing-comprehensive-medication-management-in-telehealth
#9
Melissa E Badowski, Scot Walker, Shaffeeulah Bacchus, Sandy Bartlett, Juliana Chan, Kelly A Cochran, Scott Coon, Michelle Liedtke, Brad Phillips, Taylor White
The goal of this white paper is to provide direction for clinical pharmacists providing telehealth. Telehealth care is rapidly emerging to improve patient access to health care and optimize patient health outcomes. With the increasing ability to access electronic health record portals, as many as 75 million telehealth encounters are expected in North America annually. Although electronic "point of access" undoubtedly increases the use of medical and pharmacy services, the real value of telehealth lies in improved access to patients in remote areas lacking adequate medical and pharmacy services and to high-risk patients requiring frequent monitoring...
December 14, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238170/adherence-to-treatment-and-evaluation-of-disease-and-therapy-knowledge-in-lebanese-hypertensive-patients
#10
Hanine Abbas, Mazen Kurdi, Myriam Watfa, Rita Karam
Background: Adherence to treatment, healthy lifestyle, physical activities, smoking, diet, and salt intake are important factors to control for an effective decrease in blood pressure (BP) values for patients diagnosed with essential hypertension (HT). The aim of this work was to study the adherence to antihypertensive treatment and factors predicting this behavior in Lebanese patients. In addition, we evaluated the extent of patient's knowledge and perceptions about HT, risk factors, and medication side effects...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237647/family-physician-perceptions-of-a-medication-assessment-clinic-located-within-a-pharmacy-school
#11
Derek J Jorgenson, Eric J L Landry, Katherine J Lysak
OBJECTIVE: To determine if the clinical services provided at a patient care clinic run by pharmacy faculty and students are valuable to family physicians. DESIGN: Paper-based postal survey. SETTING: The Medication Assessment Centre located within the College of Pharmacy and Nutrition at the University of Saskatchewan in Saskatoon. PARTICIPANTS: Family physicians who had more than 1 patient who underwent a complete assessment at the Medication Assessment Centre between April 1 and October 26, 2015, were included in the study...
December 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237493/the-association-between-health-insurance-status-and-utilization-of-health-services-in-rural-northern-ghana-evidence-from-the-introduction-of-the-national-health-insurance-scheme
#12
Philip Ayizem Dalinjong, Paul Welaga, James Akazili, Anthony Kwarteng, Martin Bangha, Abraham Oduro, Osman Sankoh, Jane Goudge
BACKGROUND: Many households in low- and middle-income countries face financial hardships due to payments for health care, while others are pushed into poverty. Risk pooling and prepayment mechanisms help to lessen the impact of the costs of care as well as assisting to achieve universal health coverage (UHC). Ghana implemented the National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) for the promotion of access to health services for all Ghanaians. In this paper, we examined the association between health insurance status and utilization of outpatient and inpatient health services in rural poor communities...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237326/a-chamber-of-errors-adaptation-to-assess-pharmaceutical-assistants-knowledge-in-chemotherapy-preparation
#13
C Loboda, J Vigneron, C Mulot, I May, B Demore
French preparation guidelines state that pharmacy staff who manipulate cytotoxic drugs have to follow specific training. In order to assess the pharmaceutical assistants' skills and knowledge, we developed a "Cytotoxic Preparation Centralized Unit (CPCU) of errors," derived from the Canadian concept of "Chamber of horrors." A table listing 20 mistakes to track down was created and each pharmaceutical assistant spent 20 min in the "CPCU of errors" with the pharmacist, who wrote down the spotted mistakes in real time...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236665/-claude-bernard%C3%A2-%C3%A2-then-and-now
#14
Peter Wise
The early life of Claude Bernard - dreamer and frustrated playwright - reveals no indication of his future scientific aptitude. Cartesian doubt, a principle that he would adhere to lifelong, clouded a failed pharmacy apprenticeship that led to medical studies in Paris - but without great success. Research was his only aim, it was made possible only by a lucrative but unsuccessful arranged marriage. His passion for work and over-riding principles of truth and proof would ultimately allow him to stand out from his peers with recognition by multiple French professional societies - and the wider scientific world...
2017: Biologie Aujourd'hui
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235884/cost-per-successfully-treated-patient-for-vortioxetine-versus-duloxetine-in-adults-with-major-depressive-disorder-an-analysis-of-the-complete-symptoms-of-depression-and-functional-outcome
#15
Michael Cronquist Christensen, Vicki Munro
OBJECTIVE: To determine the cost-effectiveness of vortioxetine versus duloxetine in adults with moderate to severe major depressive disorder (MDD) in Norway using a definition of a successfully treated patient (STP) that incorporates improvement in both mood symptoms and functional capacity. METHODS: Using the population of patients who completed the 8-week CONNECT study, the cost-effectiveness of vortioxetine (n = 168) (10-20 mg/day) versus duloxetine (n = 176) (60 mg/day) was investigated for the treatment of adults in Norway with moderate to severe MDD and self-reported cognitive dysfunction over an 8-week treatment period...
December 13, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235735/homemade-hypertonic-saline-essential-treatment-can-be-available-and-affordable
#16
Nili Elior, Diana Tasher, Elli Somekh, Michal Stein, Orna Schwartz Harari, Avigdor Mandelberg
BACKGROUND: Nebulized hypertonic saline (HS) treatment is unavailable to large populations worldwide. OBJECTIVES: To determine the bacterial contamination and electrolyte concentrations in homemade (HM-HS) vs. pharmacy made (PM-HS). METHODS: We conducted three double-blind consecutive trials: 50 boiled-water homemade 3%-HS (B-HM-HS) bottles and 50 PM-HS. The bottles were cultured after 48 hours. Electrolyte concentrations were measured in 10 bottles (5 per group)...
December 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235302/-status-problems-and-warranty-strategy-of-quality-uniformity-for-traditional-chinese-medicine-preparations
#17
Li-Hua Zeng, Zhen-Feng Wu, Fang Wang, Xue-Cheng Wang, Ya-Qi Wang, Peng-Fei Yue, Na Wan, Huan-Yu Lin, Ming Yang
The quality uniformity of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) preparation is the base for guaranteeing the safety and effectiveness of clinical medication. At present, the quality of TCM preparation is uneven. At present, the same TCM preparation in different manufacturers, TCM preparations in the same manufacturer, and even different batches of a same TCM preparation in the same manufacturer have great differences in quality, which can not reach stability and uniformity. This paper would discuss the possible factors that influence the uniformity of quality in the whole process of pharmacy by means of consulting relevant literature on quality control of Chinese herbal preparations and analyzing the present situation and problems of the quality of TCM preparation...
October 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234498/evaluation-of-the-national-return-of-unwanted-medicines-rum-program-in-australia-a-study-protocol
#18
Amanda J Wheeler, Jean Spinks, Emilie Bettington, Fiona Kelly
Background: The National Return of Unwanted Medicines (NatRUM) program in Australia is one of the few nationally coordinated, free-to-consumer schemes to dispose of unwanted medicines globally. This scheme has been in operation since 1996, however, little is known about public awareness of the scheme and its effectiveness in reducing unsafe disposal practices. The study objectives are to undertake a review of (1) the current use of the NatRUM scheme by consumers; and (11) to investigate disposal practices and beliefs of the general population...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233920/global-sale-of-tobacco-products-and-electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems-in-community-pharmacies
#19
Karen Suchanek Hudmon, Nervana Elkhadragy, Zuzana Kusynová, Luc Besançon, Tina Penick Brock, Robin L Corelli
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the proportion of countries/territories that allow sales of tobacco products and electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) in community pharmacies. METHODS: International Pharmaceutical Federation (FIP) member organisations were contacted by email and asked to respond to a two-item survey assessing whether their country/territory allowed sales of (a) tobacco products and (b) ENDS in community pharmacies. RESULTS: Of 95 countries/territories contacted, responses were received from 60 (63...
December 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233609/development-of-a-template-to-facilitate-reflection-among-student-pharmacists
#20
Rhian Deslandes, Cherie Lucas, Mary Louise Hughes, Efi Mantzourani
BACKGROUND: Reflective practice activities utilizing appropriate tools enhance learning during and after experiential placements. Reflective tools described in the literature, used to support students on traditional placements of a duration of at least two weeks, sit at the unstructured end of a continuum (completely unstructured to just minimal structure). Additionally, non-traditional settings in role-emerging placements are of value as an alternative for experiential education. There were no reflective tools in the literature to provide a means of supporting pharmacy students as novice reflectors in non-traditional settings...
December 8, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
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