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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091833/the-gap-between-indicated-and-prescribed-stroke-prevention-therapies-in-a-high-risk-geriatric-population
#1
Mohammed Shurrab, Eugene Crystal, Denis O'Donnell, Hrishikesh Navare, Paula Neves, Rasha Khatib, Ilan Lashevsky, David Newman
PURPOSE: The use of oral anticoagulation (OAC) in the elderly population with atrial fibrillation (AF) treated in long-term care (LTC) facilities is inconsistent. We examined the magnitude and sources of the gap between indicated and prescribed OAC in the elderly population with AF. METHODS: We retrospectively scanned the electronic medical record (EMR) and pharmacy data of 25 LTC facilities in Ontario, Canada. The diagnosis of AF was drawn from EMR. Different attributable risk factors for possible failure to prescribe OAC were examined...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091698/-clotrimazole-and-ciclopirox-olamine-respectively-in-combination-with-methylprednisolone-aceponate-as-extemporaneous-formulations
#2
J Wohlrab, R H H Neubert, E Sommer, J Michael
The combination of topical fungicide and glucocorticoids has been proven as a successful therapy of cutaneous mycoses with accompanying inflammatory reactions, particularly when used at an early stage. Various national and international therapeutic guidelines recommend this practice. In this context, two individually manufactured formulations have been developed and tested for stability: the combination of methylprednisolone aceponate-a topical glucocorticoid with the therapeutic index of 2.0-with clotrimazole and with ciclopirox olamine, respectively...
January 13, 2017: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091687/analyzing-change-in-nursing-home-information-technology-sophistication-a-2-year-survey
#3
Gregory L Alexander, Richard Madsen, Matthew Newton
Nursing home (NH) health information technology (IT) is becoming more prevalent across the country. Currently, a national sample of NHs is being surveyed for 3 consecutive years to determine trends in NH IT sophistication (e.g., measures of IT capabilities, extent of IT use, IT integration with internal and external stakeholders). IT sophistication is measured in resident care, clinical support, and administrative activities. The current article provides details of the differences in NH IT sophistication reported by administrators completing Year 1 and Year 2 surveys...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090165/challenges-and-solutions-in-reducing-opioid-misuse-and-abuse
#4
Peter Sonnenreich, Linda Geisler
We present some of the approaches to and challenges of the opioid crisis that emerged from thought-leaders at an Academy of Managed Care Pharmacy symposium.
January 2017: P & T: a Peer-reviewed Journal for Formulary Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090164/a-comparison-of-medication-histories-obtained-by-a-pharmacy-technician-versus-nurses-in-the-emergency-department
#5
Marija Markovic, A Scott Mathis, Hoytin Lee Ghin, Michelle Gardiner, Germin Fahim
PURPOSE: To compare the medication history error rate of the emergency department (ED) pharmacy technician with that of nursing staff and to describe the workflow environment. METHODS: Fifty medication histories performed by an ED nurse followed by the pharmacy technician were evaluated for discrepancies (RN-PT group). A separate 50 medication histories performed by the pharmacy technician and observed with necessary intervention by the ED pharmacist were evaluated for discrepancies (PT-RPh group)...
January 2017: P & T: a Peer-reviewed Journal for Formulary Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090110/entrustable-professional-activities-personalization-and-expansion-for-pharmacy-graduates
#6
Jennie B Jarrett, Lucas A Berenbrok
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090109/substance-use-attitudes-behaviors-education-and-prevention-in-colleges-of-pharmacy-in-the-united-states
#7
REVIEW
Samah F Al-Shatnawi, Matthew Perri, Henry N Young, Merrill Norton
This review describes and summarizes student pharmacists' substance use behavior in the United States. Current literature indicates that there are problems with alcohol and other drug use among student pharmacists. Although researchers have found variations in the type and rate of reported substance use, significant proportions of student pharmacists were identified as being at high risk for substance use disorders (SUDs). Findings from this review suggest that pharmacy schools should encourage and stimulate more research in order to implement effective screening and early intervention programs in an effort to address this important student health issue...
November 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090108/a-process-for-curricular-improvement-based-on-evaluation-of-student-performance-on-milestone-examinations
#8
Marcy Hernick, Ann C Hylton, Michael Justice
Objective. To identify and address areas for curricular improvement by evaluating student achievement of expected learning outcomes and competencies on annual milestone examinations. Design. Students were tested each professional year with a comprehensive milestone examination designed to evaluate student achievement of learning outcomes and professional competencies using a combination of multiple-choice questions, standardized patient assessments (SPAs), and objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) questions...
November 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090107/developing-a-framework-for-objective-structured-clinical-examinations-using-the-nominal-group-technique
#9
Safeera Y Hussainy, Matthew F Crum, Paul J White, Ian Larson, Daniel T Malone, David T Manallack, Joseph A Nicolazzo, Jennifer McDowell, Angelina S Lim, Carl M Kirkpatrick
Objective. To use the nominal group technique to develop a framework to improve existing and develop new objective structured clinical examinations (OSCEs) within a four-year bachelor of pharmacy course. Design. Using the nominal group technique, a unique method of group interview that combines qualitative and quantitative data collection, focus groups were conducted with faculty members, practicing pharmacists, and undergraduate pharmacy students. Five draft OSCEs frameworks were suggested and participants were asked to generate new framework ideas...
November 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090106/an-interprofessional-simulation-using-the-sbar-communication-tool
#10
Matthew Kostoff, Crystal Burkhardt, Abigail Winter, Sarah Shrader
Objective. To determine the impact of an interprofessional simulation using the SBAR (situation-background-assessment-recommendation/request) communication tool on pharmacy students' self-perception of interprofessional competence and reactions towards interprofessional collaboration. Design. Ninety-six pharmacy students participated in an interprofessional simulation within a required applications-based capstone course. Pharmacy students collaborated with nursing students on multiple patient cases in various settings using the SBAR communication tool over the telephone...
November 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090105/student-knowledge-skills-and-self-efficacy-gains-after-completing-an-advanced-pharmacy-practice-experience-in-geriatrics
#11
Krista L Donohoe, Aulbrey G Drisaldi, Fawaz M Alotaibi, Tabatha N Bonas, Edward M Shibley, Patricia W Slattum
Objective. To assess changes in pharmacy students' knowledge, skills, and self-efficacy after completing an advanced pharmacy practice experience (APPE) in geriatrics. Design. During the 2013-2014 academic year, 30 Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU) School of Pharmacy students were required to complete a 5-week Geriatrics APPE at Plaza Professional Pharmacy in Richmond, Virginia. All students completed a 25-point knowledge-based pre- and post-assessment to measure students' self-efficacy. The average time required to accurately fill one unit dose prescription card before and after completing the APPE was also evaluated...
November 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090104/interprofessional-online-global-health-course
#12
Therese I Poirier, Radhika Devraj, Faustina Blankson, Huaibo Xin
Objective. The design and evaluation of an online global health course targeted for pharmacy and other undergraduates is presented. Design. Enrolled students represented nursing, health education, pharmacy and a variety of other disciplines. The course was designed as an entirely online one with no class meetings. The course consisted of eight modules addressing global health competencies and interprofessional education competencies. Readings, quizzes, study question and team projects were tailored to the goals of each module...
November 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090103/a-critical-care-hybrid-online-elective-course-for-third-year-pharmacy-students
#13
Matthew A Wanat, Anne M Tucker, Elizabeth A Coyle
Objective. To assess the impact of a four-week hybrid online elective course in critical care on student learning attitudes and outcomes compared to that achieved when the same course was taught using a traditional lecture-based approach. Design. A hybrid online elective course was created that featured video-recorded lectures and in-class skills laboratories. Course evaluations were used to assess student perceptions of learning methods, and examination scores were used to assess learning outcomes. Assessment...
November 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090102/virtual-patient-case-sharing-across-two-schools-of-pharmacy
#14
Michael A Smith, Laura A Siemianowski, Neal Benedict
Objective. To expand the use of virtual patients at 2 schools of pharmacy through virtual patient case sharing. Design. Faculty members at two schools of pharmacy collaborated to expand the use of virtual patients. Two simulation programs, vpSim and DecisionSim (Decision Simulation, LLC, Chadsford, PA), were used to create interactive patient cases for a required course and an elective course at the different schools. Each school developed cases for their own use and then shared the cases with the other school...
November 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090101/a-novel-mathematical-model-for-determining-faculty-workload
#15
Leo R Fitzpatrick, Carol Millette-Snodgrass, Eman Atef
Objective. To develop a mathematical model for determining faculty workload at a college of pharmacy with a team-based learning curriculum. Methods. Using faculty provided data, our model calculated activity and weighted means in teaching, scholarship and service. Subsequently, these data were used to develop departmental and institutional workload models. Results. For the pharmaceutical and biomedical sciences department, percent faculty activity mean values were greatest for service followed by teaching and scholarship...
November 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090100/description-and-evaluation-of-an-mpharm-practice-based-experience-pilot-program
#16
Philip Winn, Christopher J Turner
Objective. To determine the level of support among pharmacists in central Scotland to serve as mentors and provide practice-based experience to students enrolled in a master of pharmacy degree program. Methods. A study was conducted during the 2011-2012 academic year in which first-year MPharm students in Scotland were paired with practicing pharmacists for 2 half-day visits per month. The students were integrated into the pharmacy workflow and engaged in activities ranging from date checking to counseling patients...
November 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090099/first-year-pharmacy-students-views-on-their-chosen-professional-career
#17
Lezley-Anne Hanna, Fergal Askin, Maurice Hall
Objective. To investigate what factors influenced students to study pharmacy and determine in which sector they hoped to gain employment, both in the short and longer term. Methods. First-year pharmacy students (n=124) were invited to complete a paper-based, self-administered questionnaire consisting of 4 sections. Descriptive statistics and nonparametric tests were conducted. Results. One hundred (96.8% response rate) students completed the questionnaire (22.5% male; 77.5% female). Key influential factors for choosing pharmacy included: enjoyment of science at school, a desire to improve people's health and wellbeing, and to work in health care...
November 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090098/evaluation-of-a-teaching-assistant-program-for-third-year-pharmacy-students
#18
Courtney L Bradley, Julia Khanova, Kelly L Scolaro
Objectives. To determine if a teaching assistant (TA) program for third-year pharmacy students (PY3s) improves confidence in teaching abilities. Additionally, 3 assessment methods (faculty, student, and TA self-evaluations) were compared for similarities and correlations. Methods. An application and interview process was used to select 21 pharmacy students to serve as TAs for the Pharmaceutical Care Laboratory course for 2 semesters. Participants' self-perceived confidence in teaching abilities was assessed at the start, midpoint, and conclusion of the program...
November 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090097/impact-of-the-birkman-method-assessment-on-pharmacy-student-self-confidence-self-perceptions-and-self-awareness
#19
Whitney D Maxwell, Amy D Grant, Patricia H Fabel, Cathy Worrall, Kristy Brittain, Breanne Martinez, Z Kevin Lu, Robert Davis, Georgia H Doran, Bryan Ziegler
Objective. To identify changes in pharmacy student self-confidence, self-perceptions, and self-awareness after completing the Birkman Method assessment and training program. Methods. Survey tools were developed to evaluate students at baseline and following the co-curricular Birkman Method program. Following IRB approval, students participating in the Birkman Method program were recruited for enrollment in this survey-based study. Results. Student self-confidence was high at baseline (mean=4 out of 5) and did not significantly change after Birkman Method testing and training...
November 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090096/a-bioinformatics-practicum-to-develop-student-understanding-of-immunological-rejection-of-protein-drugs
#20
Lauren A O'Donnell, Wilson S Meng, Benjamin J Andrick, Alexa M Borello
Objectives. To design and implement a bioinformatics exercise that applies immunological principles to predicting rejection of protein drugs based upon patient genotype. Design. Doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) students used the Immune Epitope Database, a freely available bioinformatics tool. Over a 2-week laboratory, students interrogated whether a protein drug would be predicted to induce an immune response based upon patient genotype. Results were presented at the last laboratory session, and students completed reports discussing their findings...
November 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
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