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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334910/evaluating-pharmacist-input-into-the-pharmaceutical-care-of-patients-in-dispensing-medical-practices-in-remote-and-rural-areas-of-scotland
#1
Derek Stewart, Breda Anthony, Clare Morrison, Yvonne MacRae, Lucy Dixon, Emer Friel, Evelyn Yoong, Scott Cunningham, Katie MacLure
Background.: The Highlands and the Western Isles are the two most remote and rural areas of Scotland, with many medical practices in areas where pharmacies would not be viable. Recent regulations state that that dispensing medical practices in these areas must receive pharmacist support for patients who would benefit. Objective.: This study aimed to evaluate pilot services, which centred on the provision of patient centred pharmaceutical care. Methods...
March 8, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334908/adherence-and-persistence-of-patients-using-oral-bone-sparing-drugs-in-primary-care
#2
Babette C van der Zwaard, Wesley van Hout, Jacqueline G Hugtenburg, Henriëtte E van der Horst, Petra J M Elders
Aim.: Studies based on pharmacy medication records have shown suboptimal adherence and persistence of osteoporosis treatment with oral bone sparing drugs (OBSD). Little is known about adherence and persistence of OBSD treatment in primary care. We assessed adherence and persistence of OBSD use of patients in general practices and identified associated factors. Methods.: Using electronic medical records, adherence and persistence of newly prescribed treatment with OBSD in patients from 16 general practices was retrospectively assessed...
March 8, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334848/systematic-review-of-surveillance-by-social-media-platforms-for-illicit-drug-use
#3
Donna M Kazemi, Brian Borsari, Maureen J Levine, Beau Dooley
Background: The use of social media (SM) as a surveillance tool of global illicit drug use is limited. To address this limitation, a systematic review of literature focused on the ability of SM to better recognize illicit drug use trends was addressed. Methods: A search was conducted in databases: PubMed, CINAHL via Ebsco, PsychINFO via Ebsco, Medline via Ebsco, ERIC, Cochrane Library, Science Direct, ABI/INFORM Complete and Communication and Mass Media Complete...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334724/incidence-of-multiple-sclerosis-in-puerto-rico-2014-a-population-based-study
#4
Angel Chinea, Carlos F Ríos-Bedoya, Cristina Rubi, Ivonne Vicente, Eduardo R Estades, Yatzka G Hernandez-Silvestrini
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) affects millions of people worldwide. The estimates for MS incidence are difficult to obtain but are important for understanding MS etiology, developing prevention strategies, and service planning. This study is aimed at estimating the 2014 incidence of MS in Puerto Rico (PR). METHODS: The PR MS Foundation's registry was used as the data source. Neurologists, specialty pharmacies, MRI centers, health insurance companies, and the PR Department of Health identified MS cases missed by the registry...
March 24, 2017: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334561/determining-current-insulin-pen-use-practices-and-errors-in-the-inpatient-setting
#5
Katelyn E Brown, John B Hertig
BACKGROUND: The use of insulin pens in the inpatient setting has continued to be a controversial decision. Insulin pens provide several advantages, but given significant reports of medication errors, several organizations have issued alerts to caution users about safety concerns. A survey was conducted to assess the prevalence of insulin pen use and current utilization trends in the inpatient setting. METHODS: The 31-question guided-logic survey was developed based on review of primary literature regarding insulin pen utilization and evaluated by a panel of medication safety experts from a variety of health care settings...
December 2016: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333682/discrepancies-in-the-law-and-the-u-s-food-and-drug-administration-pharmacy-compounding-compliance-policy-guidelines
#6
Loyd V Allen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333673/choosing-a-vial-processing-line-for-aseptic-compounding-part-1
#7
Shaun Noorian, Navid Vahedi
Equipment systems that enable compliance with stringent state and federal compounding requirements are a topic of increasing interest to U.S. pharmacists. Of those equipment types, an aseptic vial processing line offers unique benefits (especially to 503B compounding pharmacies and small contract manufacturers of aseptic pilot-size batches) if the volume of sterile preparations dispensed offsets the cost of purchase, installation, and maintenance. In this article, the reasons for and the process of selecting an aseptic vial processing line for use in 2 independent 503B compounding pharmacies are presented, the operation of our choice of equipment is described, and specifications for the components of that line are listed...
July 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333670/prescription-is-the-united-states-pharmacopeial-convention-inc-authorized-to-establish-official-practice-standards-for-pharmacy-medicine-and-nursing
#8
EDITORIAL
Loyd V Allen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333658/compounding-in-nigeria
#9
Deghinmotei Alfred-Ugbenbo, Oleksandr A Zdoryk, Victoriya A Georgiyants, Rick Schnatz
Although the art of apothecary existed as early as the first settlers in the location known today as Nigeria, the practice of pharmacy has transformed from training of dispensers in the 17th century to compounding pharmacists. Compounding, currently carried out exclusively in hospital pharmacies in Nigeria, is a relatively small but significant part of pharmaceutical care since it is tailored to individual/ special patients for positive therapeutic outcomes. This aspect of pharmaceutical service suffers challenges in Nigeria...
May 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333657/current-perspectives-on-the-syringe-delivery-system
#10
Michael J Akers
An article on the topic of sterile product packaging and delivery systems was published in the November/December 2015 issue of the International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding. This article expands the discussion on the syringe packaging system and provides more detail about the history, changes, challenges, and use of syringes in the compounding pharmacy.
May 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333274/making-room-for-interactivity-using-the-cloud-based-audience-response-system-nearpod-to-enhance-engagement-in-lectures
#11
Stephen McClean, William Crowe
Active and collaborative learning provide distinct advantages for students in higher education, yet can often be hampered by the barrier of large class sizes. Solutions that combine a "bring your own device culture" (BOYD) with cloud-based technologies may facilitate a more interactive learning experience. In this pilot study we describe the use of one such technology, Nearpod, to enhance interactivity in lectures delivered to pharmacy and bioscience students at Ulster University. Existing material in PowerPoint or Keynote format is uploaded to the instructor area of Nearpod, interactive elements are added, and the lecture is then broadcast via the internet to student devices...
March 8, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333179/obtaining-antibiotics-online-from-within-the-uk-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Sara Elizabeth Boyd, Luke Stephen Prockter Moore, Mark Gilchrist, Ceire Costelloe, Enrique Castro-Sánchez, Bryony Dean Franklin, Alison Helen Holmes
Background: Improved antibiotic stewardship (AS) and reduced prescribing in primary care, with a parallel increase in personal internet use, could lead citizens to obtain antibiotics from alternative sources online. Objectives: A cross-sectional analysis was performed to: (i) determine the quality and legality of online pharmacies selling antibiotics to the UK public; (ii) describe processes for obtaining antibiotics online from within the UK; and (iii) identify resulting AS and patient safety issues...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331862/patients-clients-expectation-toward-and-satisfaction-from-pharmacy-services
#13
Mohammed Biset Ayalew, Kaleab Taye, Daniel Asfaw, Bethlehem Lemma, Filagot Dadi, Habtamu Solomon, Haile Tazeze, Bayew Tsega
OBJECTIVE: Satisfaction is becoming a popular health-care quality indicator as it reflects the reality of service or care provided. The aim of this study was to assess the level of patients' expectation toward and satisfaction from pharmacy service provided and to identify associated factor that might affect their expectation and satisfaction. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 287 patients, who were served in five pharmacies of Gondar University Hospital in May 2015...
January 2017: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331859/a-copmarative-review-of-electronic-prescription-systems-lessons-learned-from-developed-countries
#14
REVIEW
Mahnaz Samadbeik, Maryam Ahmadi, Farahnaz Sadoughi, Ali Garavand
This review study aimed to compare the electronic prescription systems in five selected countries (Denmark, Finland, Sweden, England, and the United States). Compared developed countries were selected by the identified selection process from the countries that have electronic prescription systems. Required data were collected by searching the valid databases, most widely used search engines, and visiting websites related to the national electronic prescription system of each country and also sending E-mails to the related organizations using specifically designed data collection forms...
January 2017: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329388/healthcare-claims-data-an-underutilized-tool-for-pediatric-outpatient-antimicrobial-stewardship
#15
Joshua R Watson, Ling Wang, Jennifer Klima, Melissa Moore-Clingenpeel, Sean Gleeson, Kelly Kelleher, Preeti Jaggi
Background: Healthcare claims are under-utilized to identify factors associated with high outpatient antibiotic use. Methods: We evaluated ambulatory encounter claims of Medicaid-insured children in 34 Ohio counties in 2014. 1) Rates of total antibiotic and azithromycin prescriptions dispensed were determined by county of patient residence. 2) Standardized treatment rates by county were estimated for uncomplicated upper respiratory tract encounters (acute otitis media, pharyngitis, sinusitis, presumed viral infection) after adjusting for patient age and encounter provider type...
March 9, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329311/comparative-effectiveness-of-high-dose-versus-standard-dose-influenza-vaccines-among-us-medicare-beneficiaries-in-preventing-postinfluenza-deaths-during-2012-2013-and-2013-2014
#16
David K Shay, Yoganand Chillarige, Jeffrey Kelman, Richard A Forshee, Ivo M Foppa, Michael Wernecke, Yun Lu, Jill M Ferdinands, Arjun Iyengar, Alicia M Fry, Chris Worrall, Hector S Izurieta
Background.: Recipients of high-dose vs standard-dose influenza vaccines have fewer influenza illnesses. We evaluated the comparative effectiveness of high-dose vaccine in preventing postinfluenza deaths during 2012-2013 and 2013-2014, when influenza viruses and vaccines were similar. Methods.: We identified Medicare beneficiaries aged ≥65 years who received high-dose or standard-dose vaccines in community-located pharmacies offering both vaccines. The primary outcome was death in the 30 days following an inpatient or emergency department encounter listing an influenza International of Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification code...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329128/quinolone-ear-drops-after-tympanostomy-tubes-and-the-risk-of-eardrum-perforation-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#17
Adel Alrwisan, Patrick J Antonelli, Almut G Winterstein
Background.: This study investigated whether quinolone ear drops, with or without corticosteroids, increase the risk of perforation requiring tympanoplasty following tympanostomy tube (TT) placement in children. Methods.: This was a retrospective cohort study using Medicaid encounter and pharmacy billing data from 29 US states between 1999 and 2006. Children <18 years old without predisposing factors for perforation during a 6-month look-back period entered the cohort after TT placement and first dispensing of antibiotic ear drops...
February 27, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327898/adherence-to-capecitabine-in-preoperative-treatment-of-stage-ii-and-iii-rectal-cancer-do-we-need-to-worry
#18
R Font, J A Espinas, L Layos, M Martinez Villacampa, J Capdevila, M Tobeña, A Pisa, C Pericay, C Lezcano, E Fort, I Cardona, N Berga, J Solà, J M Borras
Background: : Preoperative oral capecitabine plus radiotherapy has been progressively adopted in oncology units to provide more convenient care to patients with rectal cancer, but little is known about adherence to this therapy. Patients and methods: : Prospective, multicentre observational study in six hospitals in metropolitan Barcelona (Spain), in patients with stage II and III rectal cancer. Assessment of adherence was based on the medical report in the clinical history, a patient questionnaire and a pill count in the pharmacy service upon finalization of treatment...
March 6, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327180/an-assessment-of-national-surveillance-systems-for-malaria-elimination-in-the-asia-pacific
#19
Chris Erwin G Mercado, Nattwut Ekapirat, Arjen M Dondorp, Richard J Maude
BACKGROUND: Heads of Government from Asia and the Pacific have committed to a malaria-free region by 2030. In 2015, the total number of confirmed cases reported to the World Health Organization by 22 Asia Pacific countries was 2,461,025. However, this was likely a gross underestimate due in part to incidence data not being available from the wide variety of known sources. There is a recognized need for an accurate picture of malaria over time and space to support the goal of elimination...
March 21, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326894/cost-comparison-of-laparoscopic-colectomy-versus-open-colectomy-in-colon-cancer
#20
Kathryn Fitch, Andrew Bochner, Deborah S Keller
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic colectomy has been shown to be safe, oncologically comparable, and clinically beneficial over open colectomy for colon cancer, but utilization remains low. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the cost of laparoscopic colectomy vs. open colectomy for colon cancer. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective claims data analysis using the 2012 and 2013 Truven Health Analytics MarketScan Commercial Claims and Encounter Database. The denominator population consisted of individuals who had commercial insurance coverage in all months of 2012 and >1 month in 2013 and pharmacy coverage throughout eligibility...
March 22, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
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