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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923102/pain-treatment-continues-to-be-inaccessible-for-many-patients-around-the-globe-second-phase-of-opioid-price-watch-a-cross-sectional-study-to-monitor-the-prices-of-opioids
#1
Tania Pastrana, Roberto Wenk, Lukas Radbruch, Ebtesam Ahmed, Liliana De Lima
BACKGROUND: Strong opioids are a cornerstone of pain treatment, of which morphine is considered an essential analgesic by the World Health Organization. Access to opioids is limited, due to restrictive laws, limited education, and high prices. This is the second phase of a global project to monitor and report the dispensing price of opioids with the specific aim to expand and increase the information and allow further analysis of the challenges in their availability and affordability...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922797/potential-obstacles-in-the-acquisition-of-oral-anticancer-medications
#2
Jennifer L Niccolai, Danielle L Roman, Justin M Julius, Rachelle W Nadour
PURPOSE: To determine the amount of time elapsed between prescriber order and patient receiving oral anticancer medication. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Adult patients with a diagnosis of cancer were prospectively identified in three outpatient oncology clinics when oral anticancer agents were prescribed during a 4-month observation period. For each patient, time to obtain medication was analyzed by the following time points: date of prescription, date of submission to insurance, date prior authorization was obtained, date financial assistance was received, date prescription was processed by pharmacy, and date patient received medication...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921195/new-developments-in-the-pharmacodynamics-and-pharmacokinetics-of-combination-of-chinese-medicine-and-western-medicine
#3
REVIEW
Di Liu, Xiao-Chun Liang
It is very common to use Chinese medicine (CM) combined with Western medicine (WM) in clinical practice. The appropriate combination of CM with WM can reduce toxicity and enhance effects in order to make the best use of advantages and bypass the disadvantages. However, an inappropriate combination can not only affect the curative effect but even cause death. Therefore, strengthening the complementary advantages of the CM and WM to improve the therapeutic efficacy and reduce side effects has become an important research topic of clinical medicine and pharmacy...
December 5, 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920947/the-daniel-k-inouye-college-of-pharmacy-scripts-poha-berry-physalis-peruviana-with-potential-anti-inflammatory-and-cancer-prevention-activities
#4
Leng Chee Chang, Mayuramas Sang-Ngern, John M Pezzuto, Carolyn Ma
The Daniel K. Inouye College of Pharmacy, during a historic event in Spring 2016, graduated the first two students in the Pacific region to earn a PhD in pharmaceutical sciences at the University of Hawai'i at Hilo. The college offers PhD programs in these five disciplines: Cancer Biology, Medicinal Chemistry, Pharmaceutics, Pharmacognosy, and Pharmacology. One of the Pharmacognosy dissertations focused on plant-derived natural products with potential anti-inflammatory and cancer chemopreventive activities...
November 2016: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920544/pharmaceutical-interventions-in-the-management-of-tuberculosis-in-a-pneumophtisiology-department-ivory-coast
#5
Danho Pascal Abrogoua, Boua Alexis Thierry Kamenan, Brou Jean Marcel Ahui, Elisée Doffou
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to analyze the profile and relevance of pharmaceutical interventions (PIs) in the management of tuberculosis (TB) at inpatient settings. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional descriptive study conducted from March to December 2014 within the inpatient unit of pneumophtisiology department, Ivory Coast. Information collected was based on the classification of drug-related problems (DRPs) and PIs outlined by the French Society of Clinical Pharmacy...
2016: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919878/pharmacy-residency-training-measured-through-a-standardized-knowledge-test
#6
Amy N Thompson, Brian P McKinzie, Jason S Haney, Jean M Nappi, Nicole Pilch
PURPOSE: The use of a standardized knowledge test to assess postgraduate year 1 (PGY1) pharmacy residency training was evaluated. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of a prospectively administered exam. A bank of questions was developed by preceptors from each of the core rotation disciplines: general medicine (including ambulatory care and oncology), pediatrics, critical care (including transplantation), drug information, operations, practice management, and psychiatry...
December 15, 2016: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919875/the-layered-learning-practice-model-lessons-learned-from-implementation
#7
Nicole R Pinelli, Stephen F Eckel, Maihan B Vu, Morris Weinberger, Mary T Roth
PURPOSE: Pharmacists' views about the implementation, benefits, and attributes of a layered learning practice model (LLPM) were examined. METHODS: Eligible and willing attending pharmacists at the same institution that had implemented an LLPM completed an individual, 90-minute, face-to-face interview using a structured interview guide developed by the interdisciplinary study team. Interviews were digitally recorded and transcribed verbatim without personal identifiers...
December 15, 2016: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919872/layered-learning-the-confluence-of-pharmacy-education-and-practice
#8
EDITORIAL
Daniel J Cobaugh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2016: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919396/think-time-a-novel-approach-to-analysis-of-clinicians-behavior-after-reduction-of-drug-drug-interaction-alerts
#9
Richard Schreiber, Julia A Gregoire, Jacob E Shaha, Steven H Shaha
OBJECTIVES: Pharmacologic interaction alerting offers the potential for safer medication prescribing, but research reveals persistent concerns regarding alert fatigue. Research studies have tried various strategies to resolve this problem, with low overall success. We examined the effects of targeted alert reduction on clinician behavior in a resource constrained hospital. METHODS: A physician and a pharmacy informaticist reduced alert levels of several drug-drug interactions (DDI) that clinicians almost always overrode with approval from and knowledge of the medical staff...
January 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919380/pharmacy-customers-experiences-with-the-national-online-service-for-viewing-electronic-prescriptions-in-finland
#10
Elina Lämsä, Johanna Timonen, Pekka Mäntyselkä, Riitta Ahonen
OBJECTIVES: To investigate (1) Finnish pharmacy customers' familiarity with My Kanta, the national online service for viewing electronic prescriptions (ePrescriptions), (2) how commonly My Kanta is used, (3) who the typical users are, and (4) users' experiences of the usability of My Kanta. METHOD: A survey was conducted among pharmacy customers (aged ≥18) purchasing medicines for themselves. Questionnaires (N=2915) were distributed from 18 community pharmacies across Finland in autumn 2015...
January 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919308/outbreak-of-pantoea-agglomerans-bloodstream-infections-at-an-oncology-clinic-illinois-2012-2013
#11
Brian R Yablon, Raymund Dantes, Victoria Tsai, Rachel Lim, Heather Moulton-Meissner, Matthew Arduino, Bette Jensen, Megan Toth Patel, Michael O Vernon, Yoran Grant-Greene, Demian Christiansen, Craig Conover, Alexander Kallen, Alice Y Guh
OBJECTIVE To determine the source of a healthcare-associated outbreak of Pantoea agglomerans bloodstream infections. DESIGN Epidemiologic investigation of the outbreak. SETTING Oncology clinic (clinic A). METHODS Cases were defined as Pantoea isolation from blood or catheter tip cultures of clinic A patients during July 2012-May 2013. Clinic A medical charts and laboratory records were reviewed; infection prevention practices and the facility's water system were evaluated. Environmental samples were collected for culture...
December 6, 2016: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919250/the-impact-of-health-information-technologies-on-quality-improvement-methodologies-efficiency-throughput-and-financial-outcomes-a-retrospective-observational-study
#12
Raed H AlHazme, Syed S Haque, Hal Wiggin, Arif M Rana
BACKGROUND: To evaluate whether or not the utilization of Health Information Technologies (HITs) in Quality Improvement Methodologies (QIMs) has impacts on QIMs' efficiency, throughput and financial outcomes at healthcare organizations and physician practices in the United States. METHODS: This is a retrospective observational study that was conducted between the years of 2014 and 2015 and relied on two data sources: the Dorenfest Institute dataset and the Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society (HIMSS) Analytics data source...
December 5, 2016: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919177/economic-burden-of-inadequate-symptom-control-among-us-commercially-insured-irritable-bowel-syndrome-patients-with-diarrhea
#13
Jessica L Buono, Kush Mathur, Amelia J Averitt, David A Andrae
AIMS: To assess healthcare resource use and costs among irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) with diarrhea (IBS-D) patients with and without evidence of inadequate symptom control on current prescription therapies and estimate incremental all-cause costs associated with inadequate symptom control. METHODS: IBS-D patients aged ≥18 years with ≥1 medical claim for IBS (ICD-9-CM 564.1x) and either ≥2 claims for diarrhea (ICD-9-CM 787.91, 564.5x), or ≥1 claim for diarrhea plus ≥1 claim for abdominal pain (ICD-9-CM 789...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919102/the-veterans-affairs-pharmacy-system-perfectly-designed-to-achieve-the-outcomes-it-gets
#14
David R Gifford
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 6, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918867/case-based-interprofessional-learning-for-undergraduate-healthcare-professionals-in-the-clinical-setting
#15
Jamal Nasir, Julie Goldie, Annabel Little, Debasish Banerjee, Scott Reeves
Interprofessional learning (IPL) within the healthcare setting has well documented positive outcomes for patients, yet it is not widely offered at the undergraduate level, particularly in a clinical setting. We set up case-based teaching scenarios involving a real patient, aimed at small groups of four students representing two or more healthcare professions. The aim of the sessions was to give students a greater awareness of the roles of all the different healthcare professions involved in patient care in a hospital setting...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918840/resilience-and-risk-for-alcohol-use-disorders-a-swedish-twin-study
#16
Elizabeth C Long, Sara L Lönn, Jianguang Ji, Paul Lichtenstein, Jan Sundquist, Kristina Sundquist, Kenneth S Kendler
BACKGROUND: Resilience has been shown to be protective against alcohol use disorders (AUDs), but the magnitude and nature of the relationship between these 2 phenotypes are not clear. The aim of this study was to examine the strength of this relationship and the degree to which it results from common genetic or common environmental influences. METHODS: Resilience was assessed on a 9-point scale during a personal interview in 1,653,721 Swedish men aged 17 to 25 years...
December 5, 2016: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918834/a-public-private-partnership-for-proactive-pharmacy-based-outreach-and-acquisition-of-needed-medication-in-advance-of-severe-winter-weather
#17
Nicole Lurie, Andrew Bunton, Kristina Grande, Gregg Margolis, Benjamin Howell, William H Shrank
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 5, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917735/top-1-of-inpatients-administered-antimicrobial-agents-comprising-50-of-expenditures-a-descriptive-study-and-opportunities-for-stewardship-intervention
#18
Jennifer Dela-Pena, Luiza Kerstenetzky, Lucas Schulz, Ron Kendall, Alexander Lepak, Barry Fox
OBJECTIVE To characterize the top 1% of inpatients who contributed to the 6-month antimicrobial budget in a tertiary, academic medical center and identify cost-effective intervention opportunities targeting high-cost antimicrobial utilization. DESIGN Retrospective cohort study. PATIENTS Top 1% of the antimicrobial budget from July 1 through December 31, 2014. METHODS Patients were identified through a pharmacy billing database. Baseline characteristics were collected through a retrospective medical chart review...
December 5, 2016: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917730/social-and-economic-consequences-of-alcohol-use-disorder-a-longitudinal-cohort-and-co-relative-analysis
#19
K S Kendler, H Ohlsson, K J Karriker-Jaffe, J Sundquist, K Sundquist
BACKGROUND: Although alcohol use disorder (AUD) is associated with future risk for psychosocial dysfunction, the degree to which this arises from a direct causal effect of AUD on functioning v. from correlated risk factors (also known as confounders) is less clearly established. METHOD: AUD was assessed from Swedish medical, criminal and pharmacy registries. In a large general population cohort, using Cox proportional hazard and regression models, we predicted from the onset of AUD four outcomes: early retirement, unemployment, social assistance, and individual income...
December 5, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916915/evaluation-of-a-tracking-system-for-patients-and-mixed-intravenous-medication-based-on-rfid-technology
#20
María Martínez Pérez, Guillermo Vázquez González, Carlos Dafonte
At present, one of the primary concerns of healthcare professionals is how to increase the safety and quality of the care that patients receive during their stay in hospital. This is particularly important in the administration of expensive and high-risk medicines with which it is fundamental to minimize the possibility of adverse events in the process of prescription-validation-preparation/dosage-dispensation-administration of intravenous mixes. This work is a detailed analysis of the evaluation, carried out by the health personnel involved in the Radiofrequency Identification (RFID) system developed in the Day Hospital and Pharmacy services of the Complejo Hospitalario Universitario A Coruña (CHUAC)...
November 30, 2016: Sensors
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