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Lara Tânia de Assumpção Domingues Gonçalves de Oliveira, Camila Pontes da Silva, Maria das Vitorias Guedes, Ana Célia de Oliveira Sousa, Flávio Sarno
Objectives: To describe indicators and processes developed and implemented for pharmaceutical assistance at the Einstein Program at Paraisópolis Community pharmacy. Methods: This was a descriptive study of retrospective data from January 2012 to December 2015. Data were obtained from spreadsheets developed for monitoring the productivity and care quality provided at the pharmacy. The evaluated variables were pharmaceutical assistance to prescription, pharmaceutical intervention, orientation (standard and pharmaceutical) and pharmaceutical orientation rate...
July 2016: Einstein
Tatiane Fernandes Farias, Karina da Silva Aguiar, Inajara Rotta, Klezia Morais da Silva Belletti, Juliane Carlotto
Objective: To implement a clinical pharmacy service focused on the comprehensive review of antineoplastic drugs used in therapy of hematological diseases. Methods: An interventional study was conducted in a Brazilian tertiary teaching hospital in two different periods, with and without a clinical pharmacy service, respectively. This service consisted of an antineoplastic prescription validation (analysis of patients' characteristics, laboratory tests, compliance with the therapeutic protocol and with pharmacotechnical parameters)...
July 2016: Einstein
Lívia Falcão Lima, Bruna Cristina Cardoso Martins, Francisco Roberto Pereira de Oliveira, Rafaela Michele de Andrade Cavalcante, Vanessa Pinto Magalhães, Paulo Yuri Milen Firmino, Liana Silveira Adriano, Adriano Monteiro da Silva, Maria Jose Nascimento Flor, Eugenie Desirée Rabelo Néri
Objective: To describe and analyze the pharmaceutical orientation given at hospital discharge of transplant patients. Methods: This was a cross-sectional, descriptive and retrospective study that used records of orientation given by the clinical pharmacist in the inpatients unit of the Kidney and Liver Transplant Department, at Hospital Universitário Walter Cantídio, in the city of Fortaleza (CE), Brazil, from January to July, 2014. The following variables recorded at the Clinical Pharmacy Database were analyzed according to their significance and clinical outcomes: pharmaceutical orientation at hospital discharge, drug-related problems and negative outcomes associated with medication, and pharmaceutical interventions performed...
July 2016: Einstein
R Soumya, Vijayalakshmi Devarashetty, C R Jayanthi, M Sushma
OBJECTIVES: Pharmacists are one of the crucial focal points for health care in the community. They have tremendous outreach to the public as pharmacies are often the first-port-of-call. With the increase of ready-to-use drugs, the main health-related activity of a pharmacist today is to assure the quality of dispensing, a key element to promote rational medicine use. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 200 pharmacies, 100 each in various residential (R) and commercial (C) areas of Bengaluru, was conducted using a prevalidated questionnaire administered to the chief pharmacist or the person-in-charge by the investigators...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
Carla White, Jennifer Adams
The 2015-2017 AACP Special Taskforce on Diversifying our Investment in Human Capital was appointed for a two-year term, therefore the interim update from the Taskforce. A full report will be provided in 2017 in the form of a white paper for academic pharmacy on diversifying our investment in human capital.
September 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Vincent C Dennis, Dianne W May, Tina J Kanmaz, Shannon L Reidt, Michelle L Serres, Heather D Edwards
Outcomes from The Center for Advancement of Pharmacy Education (CAPE) are intended to represent the terminal knowledge, skills, and attitudes pharmacy students should possess and have guided delivery of pharmacy education for more than two decades. Advanced pharmacy practice experiences (APPEs) are the endpoint of pharmacy curricula where demonstration and assessment of terminal learning occurs. This review examines published literature in relation to the most recent CAPE outcomes to determine the extent to which they have been addressed during APPEs since 1996...
September 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Michelle A Fritsch, Nathan Culver, Nicole Culhane, Jonathan Thigpen, Anne Lin
Objective. To incorporate direct patient care and service components throughout a 4-year pharmacy program to enable students to apply knowledge learned in the classroom and develop the human and caring dimensions of Fink's Taxonomy of Significant Learning. Design. Groups of 10-12 students and a faculty advisor partnered with a local agency serving an underserved population of the greater Baltimore area to provide seven hours of service per student each semester. Activities were determined based on students' skills and agency needs...
September 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Melinda E Lull, Jennifer L Mathews
Objective. To assess the effectiveness of optional online quizzes written by peer tutors in a pharmacology course for doctor of pharmacy students. Methods. Online quizzes were written by peer tutors for second-year pharmacy students. Quizzes reflected the material taught during lecture and were in a format similar to that of the examinations. Data related to performance on each quiz and each examination were collected throughout the semester. At the end of the semester, students and peer tutors were surveyed to gather information on the utility and success of the quizzes...
September 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Alice Gardner, Monina R Lahoz, Irena Bond, Len Levin
Objective. To assess the effectiveness of an evidence-based practice (EBP) pharmacology elective course to teach EBP skills using the Fresno Test (FT). Methods. Pharmacy faculty members and medical librarians developed the elective course and offered it to two cohorts of doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) students. A pre/post intervention study design was used. Seven of 12 FT items were chosen to measure specific EBP skills: Ask, Access, Appraise and Apply. Pre/postcomposite and FT item mean scores were compared using Student's t test with p<0...
September 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
David Singer, Jacqueline E McLaughlin, Wendy C Cox
Objective. To assess the multiple mini-interview (MMI) as an admission tool for a satellite campus. Methods. In 2013, the MMI was implemented as part of a new admissions model at the UNC Eshelman School of Pharmacy. From fall 2013 to spring 2015, 73 candidates were interviewed by 15 raters on the satellite campus in Asheville, North Carolina. A many-facet Rasch measurement (MFRM) with three facets was used to determine the variance in candidate ratings attributable to rater severity, candidate ability, and station difficulty...
September 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Charlene R Williams, Jacqueline E McLaughlin, Wendy C Cox, Greene Shepherd
Objective. To determine if student pharmacists' preferences towards experiential and rational thinking are associated with performance on advanced pharmacy practice experiences (APPEs) and whether thinking style preference changes following APPEs. Methods. The Rational Experiential Inventory (REI), a validated survey of thinking style, was administered to student pharmacists before starting APPEs and re-administered after completing APPEs. APPE grades were compared to initial REI scores. Results. Rational Experiential Inventory scores remained consistent before and after APPEs...
September 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Greg L Alston, Dawn M Battise, Michael W Neville
Objective. To examine whether pharmacy students characterized as low performers at the conclusion of their first semester remained low performers throughout their academic career. Methods. Bottom quartile performance on first semester grade point average (GPA) was compared to licensing examination success, cumulative grade point average at the end of the didactic education and whether the student graduated on time, using cross tabulation analysis. Relative risk ratios and confidence intervals were calculated...
September 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Marie A Chisholm-Burns, Justin Gatwood, Christina A Spivey, Susan E Dickey
Objective. To compare the net cumulative income of community pharmacists, hospital pharmacists, and full-time pharmacy faculty members (residency-trained or with a PhD after obtaining a PharmD) in pharmacy practice, medicinal chemistry, pharmaceutics, pharmacology, and social and administrative sciences. Methods. Markov modeling was conducted to calculate net projected cumulative earnings of career paths by estimating the costs of education, including the costs of obtaining degrees and student loans. Results...
September 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Laura L Bio, Brandon J Patterson, Sanchita Sen, Angela L Bingham, Jane F Bowen, Benjamin Ereshefsky, Laura A Siemianowski
Objective. To identify the temporal effect and factors associated with student pharmacist self-initiation of interventions during acute patient care advanced pharmacy practice experiences (APPE). Methods. During the APPE, student pharmacists at an academic medical center recorded their therapeutic interventions and who initiated the intervention throughout clinical rotations. At the end of the APPE student pharmacists completed a demographic survey. Results. Sixty-two student pharmacists were included. Factors associated with lower rates of self-initiated interventions were infectious diseases and pediatrics APPEs and an intention to pursue a postgraduate residency...
September 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Jennifer L Bacci, Tolu P Akinwale, Alex J Adams, Melissa Somma McGivney
Objective. To identify community pharmacy shared faculty members across the United States and to describe their roles and responsibilities in terms of teaching, service, and scholarship. Methods. This study was a mixed-methods analysis using surveys and key informant interviews. Results. Twenty-two faculty members completed the survey; nine were interviewed. Their major roles and responsibilities included teaching in community-based and experiential learning courses, precepting students and/or residents, being actively involved in professional organizations, providing patient care while leading innovation, and disseminating findings through scholarship...
September 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Bayan Sharif-Chan, Dipti Tankala, Christine Leong, Zubin Austin, Marisa Battistella
Objective. To compare peer teaching in a medical and a pharmacy clinical teaching unit and to provide suggestions for future research in pharmacy near-peer teaching. Methods. This exploratory observational study used principles of ethnographic methodology for data collection and analysis. Observations were collected in a large downtown teaching hospital. An average of 4-6 hours per day were spent observing a team of medical trainees from the Faculty (School) of Medicine in the general internal medicine (unit for two weeks, followed by a team of pharmacy trainees in an ambulatory hemodialysis (HD) unit for two weeks...
September 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
George P Allen, W Mark Moore, Lynette R Moser, Kathryn K Neill, Usha Sambamoorthi, Hershey S Bell
A variety of changes are facing leaders in academic pharmacy. Servant and transformational leadership have attributes that provide guidance and inspiration through these changes. Servant leadership focuses on supporting and developing the individuals within an institution, while transformational leadership focuses on inspiring followers to work towards a common goal. This article discusses these leadership styles and how they may both be ideal for leaders in academic pharmacy.
September 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Eric Wong, Jasmine J Leslie, Judith A Soon, Wendy V Norman
BACKGROUND: The Virtual Interprofessional Patients-Computer-Assisted Reproductive Health Education for Students (VIP-CARES) Project took place during the summers of 2010-2012 for eight weeks each year at the University of British Columbia (UBC). Undergraduate health care students worked collaboratively to develop virtual patient case-based learning modules on the topic of family planning. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the changes in perception towards interprofessional collaboration (IPC) among the participants, before and after the project...
October 19, 2016: BMC Medical Education
Do Young Kim, Ki Tae Yoon, Won Kim, Jung Il Lee, Sung Hwi Hong, Danbi Lee, Jeong Won Jang, Jong Won Choi, Ilsu Kim, Yong Han Paik
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to estimate the direct medical costs of managing chronic hepatitis C (CHC) and its complications based on health-care resources in South Korea. METHODS: The study design was multicenter, retrospective, non-interventional, and observational. Between September 2013 and April 2014, health-care resource data from patients chronically infected with hepatitis C virus, regardless of genotype, were collected from 8 institutions, including data related to outpatient management, emergency care, and hospitalization...
July 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Xiefeng Ye, Tianxiao Ling, Yanfeng Xue, Cunfa Xu, Wei Zhou, Liangbin Hu, Jian Chen, Zhiqi Shi
Thymol is a famous plant-derived compound that has been widely used in pharmacy due to its antioxidant and antimicrobial properties. However, the modulation of intrinsic plant physiology by thymol remains unclear. It is a significant challenge to confer plant tolerance to Cd (cadmium) stress. In the present study physiological, histochemical, and biochemical methods were applied to investigate thymol-induced Cd tolerance in tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) seedlings. Thymol was able to alleviate Cd-induced growth inhibition of tobacco seedlings in both dose- and time-dependent manners...
October 14, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
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