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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679310/the-association-of-snoring-and-risk-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-with-poor-academic-performance-among-university-students
#1
Basheer Y Khassawneh, Loiy L Alkhatib, Ali M Ibnian, Yousef S Khader
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Subjects with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) have neurocognitive dysfunction. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of symptoms and risk of OSA among university students and the association with academic performance. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted at Jordan University of Science and Technology. Students from faculties of engineering, medicine, nursing, pharmacy, and dentistry were asked to participate in this study...
April 20, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679226/national-estimates-of-emergency-department-visits-for-antibiotic-adverse-events-among-adults-united-states-2011-2015
#2
Andrew I Geller, Maribeth C Lovegrove, Nadine Shehab, Lauri A Hicks, Mathew R P Sapiano, Daniel S Budnitz
BACKGROUND: Detailed, nationally representative data describing high-risk populations and circumstances involved in antibiotic adverse events (AEs) can inform approaches to prevention. OBJECTIVE: Describe US burden, rates, and characteristics of emergency department (ED) visits by adults for antibiotic AEs. DESIGN: Nationally representative, public health surveillance of adverse drug events (National Electronic Injury Surveillance System-Cooperative Adverse Drug Event Surveillance [NEISS-CADES]) and a nationally projected database of dispensed prescriptions (QuintilesIMS), 2011-2015...
April 20, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678966/an-evaluation-of-prescribing-trends-and-patterns-of-claims-within-the-preferred-drugs-initiative-in-ireland-2011-2016-an-interrupted-time-series-study
#3
Ronald McDowell, Kathleen Bennett, Frank Moriarty, Sarah Clarke, Michael Barry, Tom Fahey
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of the Preferred Drugs Initiative (PDI), an Irish health policy aimed at enhancing evidence-based cost-effective prescribing, on prescribing trends and the cost of prescription medicines across seven medication classes. DESIGN: Retrospective repeated cross-sectional study spanning the years 2011 - 2016. SETTING: Health Service Executive Primary Care Reimbursement Service pharmacy claims data for General Medical Services (GMS) patients, approximately 40% of the Irish population...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678413/patient-access-to-medicines-in-two-countries-with-similar-health-systems-and-differing-medicines-policies-implications-from-a-comprehensive-literature-review
#4
REVIEW
Zaheer-Ud-Din Babar, Todd Gammie, Ali Seyfoddin, Syed Shahzad Hasan, Louise E Curley
BACKGROUND: Countries with similar health systems but different medicines policies might result in substantial medicines usage differences and resultant outcomes. The literature is sparse in this area. OBJECTIVE: To review pharmaceutical policy research in New Zealand and Australia and discuss differences between the two countries and the impact these differences may have on subsequent medicine access. METHODS: A review of the literature (2008-2016) was performed to identify relevant, peer-reviewed articles...
April 13, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678148/knowledge-and-practice-of-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-in-lebanon-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Lamis R Karaoui, Mary E Deeb, Layal Nasser, Souheil Hallit
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to assess the knowledge and practice of Lebanese patients living with diabetes mellitus in regards to their diabetes self- management. METHODS: A cross-sectional study, conducted between January and June 2015, enrolled 207 urban adult patients with diabetes mellitus from community pharmacies while purchasing their diabetes medications. Their knowledge and self-management practices were assessed using a structured anonymous interview survey questionnaire...
April 20, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677126/patient-education-on-oral-anticoagulation
#6
Emily M Hawes
Given the potential harm associated with anticoagulant use, patient education is often provided as a standard of care and emphasized across healthcare settings. Effective anticoagulation education involves face-to-face interaction with a trained professional who ensures that the patient understands the risks involved, the precautions that should be taken, and the need for regular monitoring. The teaching should be tailored to each patient, accompanied with written resources and utilize the teach-back method...
April 20, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677043/the-effects-of-interprofessional-pediatric-end-of-life-simulation-on-communication-and-role-understanding-in-health-professions-students
#7
Jacqueline Stout-Aguilar, Alison Pittman, Regina Bentley, Jerry Livingston, Bree Watzak
The purpose of this study was to analyze the impact of interprofessional pediatric end-of life simulations for health professions students. A quasiexperimental design was used with three TeamSTEPPS® tools. Forty-one students were enrolled (nursing = 20, medicine = 10, pharmacy = 10, public health = 1). TeamSTEPPS 2.0 Teamwork Attitudes Questionnaire and Teamwork Perceptions Questionnaire analysis indicated a significant difference in mean pretest and posttest scores (p = .015 and p = .028, respectively). The Team Performance Observation Tool indicated statistical significance between simulations (p < ...
April 19, 2018: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677012/inverse-correlation-between-daily-outdoor-temperature-and-blood-pressure-in-six-us-cities
#8
Jennifer M Radin, Daniel Neems, Ross Goglia, Khan Siddiqui, Steven R Steinhubl
This study aims to evaluate the relationship between mean outdoor temperature and mean daily blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) among six, large, geographically and climatically diverse US cities. We collected BP and HR data from Higi stations, located in a wide range of neighborhood grocery stores and retail pharmacies, from six US cities (Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, Boise, Chicago, and New York City). Outdoor daily temperature data were collected from the National Centers for Environmental Information's database...
April 19, 2018: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676947/intravenous-chemotherapy-compounding-errors-in-a-follow-up-pan-canadian-observational-study
#9
Rachel E Gilbert, Melissa C Kozak, Roxanne B Dobish, Venetia C Bourrier, Paul M Koke, Vishal Kukreti, Heather A Logan, Anthony C Easty, Patricia L Trbovich
PURPOSE: Intravenous (IV) compounding safety has garnered recent attention as a result of high-profile incidents, awareness efforts from the safety community, and increasingly stringent practice standards. New research with more-sensitive error detection techniques continues to reinforce that error rates with manual IV compounding are unacceptably high. In 2014, our team published an observational study that described three types of previously unrecognized and potentially catastrophic latent chemotherapy preparation errors in Canadian oncology pharmacies that would otherwise be undetectable...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676608/exercise-is-medicine-student-pharmacists-perceptions-and-knowledge-of-exercise-prescription
#10
Amie J Dirks-Naylor, Carrie L Griffiths, Mark A Bush
With healthcare costs on the rise, a global initiative was launched in 2007, called Exercise is Medicine, to prescribe and counsel patients on exercise to aid in the prevention and treatment of chronic diseases. Since community pharmacists are one of the most accessible healthcare providers, this is an opportunity for pharmacists to also engage in this initiative. This study aimed to assess pharmacy student perceptions and knowledge on exercise to determine whether they are adequately prepared to counsel patients on exercise prescription...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676143/-prescription-annotations-in-welfare-pharmacy
#11
Yi Han
Welfare Pharmacy contains medical formulas documented by the government and official prescriptions used by the official pharmacy in the pharmaceutical process. In the last years of Southern Song Dynasty, anonyms gave a lot of prescription annotations, made textual researches for the name, source, composition and origin of the prescriptions, and supplemented important historical data of medical cases and researched historical facts. The annotations of Welfare Pharmacy gathered the essence of medical theory, and can be used as precious materials to correctly understand the syndrome differentiation, compatibility regularity and clinical application of prescriptions...
March 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675851/fall-prevention-in-central-coast-community-pharmacies
#12
G M Stuart, H L Kale
ISSUE ADDRESSED: Fall injuries among people aged 65 years and over (older people) cause substantial health decline and cost to the health system. In 2009 in New South Wales 25.6% of older people fell in the previous year, and 10.7% (32,000) were hospitalised. Pharmacists are trusted professionals, who interact extensively with older people and have potential to augment fall prevention in pharmacies. This brief report describes how professional development improved pharmacist's knowledge and confidence in fall prevention, encouraged implementation of fall prevention plans, and facilitated provision of brief fall prevention interventions for older clients, after identification of fall risk...
April 19, 2018: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675117/adherence-to-international-guidelines-for-the-treatment-of-uncomplicated-urinary-tract-infections-in-lebanon
#13
Wissam K Kabbara, Mohamad M Meski, Wijdan H Ramadan, Dina S Maaliki, Pascale Salameh
Objective: The purpose of this study is to evaluate antibiotic-prescribing practices and adherence to IDSA guidelines for the treatment of uncomplicated urinary tract infections in Lebanon. Methods: This observational prospective study was conducted in 15 community pharmacies in Lebanon over 1 year in adult females. A regimen of nitrofurantoin 100 mg bid for 5 days or fosfomycin 3 grams single dose were considered appropriate. For the bivariate analysis, the chi-square test was used...
2018: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases & Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674799/assessment-of-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drug-use-pattern-using-world-health-organization-indicators-a-cross-sectional-study-in-a-tertiary-care-teaching-hospital-of-chhattisgarh
#14
P R R Vaishnavi, Nitin Gaikwad, S P Dhaneria
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to assess drug utilization pattern of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in a tertiary care teaching hospital, Raipur, Chhattisgarh. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective, cross-sectional observational study was conducted in the outpatient department during 2-month period. After informed consent, the patients visiting pharmacy shop with a prescription were enrolled in the study. Their demographic details and prescription data were recorded in a case record form...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674328/catastrophic-circulatory-collapse-after-inadvertent-subcutaneous-injection-of-treprostinil
#15
John J Radosevich, Mohan Dutt, Jeremy Feldman
PURPOSE: A case of life-threatening cardiovascular collapse after inadvertent subcutaneous injection of undiluted treprostinil is reported. SUMMARY: A 29-year-old, 76-kg woman with group 1 pulmonary arterial hypertension managed with subcutaneous treprostinil infusion arrived at the emergency department (ED) with headache, nausea, vomiting, and a syncopal episode. Her vital signs were stable on presentation. Admission orders were placed, and the appropriate 3-mL syringe containing 7...
April 19, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673903/integration-of-clinical-pharmacy-services-into-the-brazlian-health-system-using-problematization-with-maguerez-arc
#16
Genival Araujo Dos Santos Júnior, Thelma Onozato, Kérilin Stancine Santos Rocha, Sheila Feitosa Ramos, André Mascarenhas Pereira, Carla Francisca Dos Santos Cruz, Giselle Carvalho Brito, Divaldo Pereira de Lyra-Jr
BACKGROUND: Clinical pharmacy services (CPS) have been evolving worldwide. However, it is estimated that CPS are not yet integrated into the Brazilian healthcare system. Thus, the objective of this study is to identify factors that influence the integration of CPS into the healthcare system and propose strategies for this integration. METHODS: A methodological development study was conducted from August 2016 to September 2017. Thus, interviews were conducted with key informants to identify barriers, facilitators, and strategies for CPS integration...
April 12, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673778/pharmacy-costs-of-specialty-medications-for-plaque-psoriasis-in-the-united-states
#17
Eric J Yang, Kristen M Beck, Sahil Sekhon, Tina Bhutani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 16, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673698/-which-information-is-given-during-the-purchase-of-an-hiv-self-test-in-a-caen-pharmacy-a-comprehensive-transversal-and-observational-study-using-surveys-without-modification-of-practice
#18
S Guitton, A Rabiaza
INTRODUCTION: HIV infection affects about 150,000 people in France. In total, 30,000 of them are unaware of their serostatus. In this context, HIV self-testing has arrived in France in September 2015. The aim of our study was to analyze the level of application of the recommendations during the purchase of an HIV self-test. Our primary hypothesis was that the delivered information is poor. METHODS: We realized a comprehensive transversal and observational study with surveys without modification of practice in all Caen pharmacies...
April 16, 2018: Annales Pharmaceutiques Françaises
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673426/statins-and-musculoskeletal-conditions-in-u-s-air-force-active-duty-aviators
#19
Anthony P Tvaryanas, Joseph H Wagner, Genny M Maupin
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine the association of statin use and musculoskeletal conditions within the population of U.S. Air Force active duty aviators. METHODS: The study was a retrospective cohort analysis of aviators between 2004-2014 as identified from personnel data. Based on pharmacy data, participants were divided into two groups: statin users (received a statin for at least 90 d) and nonusers (never received a statin throughout the study period)...
May 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672845/drug-induced-proarrhythmia-and-torsade-de-pointes-a-primer-for-students-and-practitioners-of-medicine-and-pharmacy
#20
REVIEW
J Rick Turner, Ignacio Rodriguez, Emily Mantovani, Gary Gintant, Peter R Kowey, Ralph J Klotzbaugh, Krishna Prasad, Philip T Sager, Norman Stockbridge, Colette Strnadova
Multiple marketing withdrawals due to proarrhythmic concerns occurred in the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom in the late 1980s to early 2000s. This primer reviews the clinical implications of a drug's identified proarrhythmic liability, the issues associated with these safety-related withdrawals, and the actions taken by the International Council for Harmonisation of Technical Requirements for Pharmaceuticals for Human Use (ICH) and by regulatory agencies in terms of changing drug development practices and introducing new nonclinical and clinical tests to asses proarrhythmic liability...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
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