Read by QxMD icon Read

Pediatric pulmonary hypertension

Hong-Yu Kuang, Yu-Hao Wu, Qi-Jian Yi, Jie Tian, Chun Wu, We Nian Shou, Tie-Wei Lu
BACKGROUND: Oral bosentan has been widely applied in pulmonary arterial hypertension associated with congenital heart disease (PAH-CHD). A systemic review and meta-analysis was conducted for a therapeutic evaluation of oral bosentan in both adult and pediatric patients with PAH-CHD. The acute responses and a long-term effect were respectively assessed in a comparison with baseline characteristics, and the improvement of exercise tolerance was analyzed. METHODS: PubMed, Medline, Embase, and Cochrane Central Register of clinical controlled trails or observational studies have been searched for a recording of bosentan effects on the PAH-CHD participants...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Martin Koestenberger, Alexander Avian, Hannes Sallmon, Andreas Gamillscheg, Gernot Grangl, Stefan Kurath-Koller, Sabrina Schweintzger, Ante Burmas, Georg Hansmann
OBJECTIVE: The right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) is pivotal for adequate RV function and known to be adversely affected by elevated pulmonary arterial pressure (PAP) in adults with pulmonary hypertension (PH). Aim of this study was to determine the effects of increased RV pressure afterload in children with PH on RVOT size, function, and flow parameters. METHODS: We conducted a transthoracic echocardiographic study in 51 children with PH (median age: 5.3 years; range 1...
March 5, 2018: Echocardiography
Lia Gore, Pamela R Kearns, Maria Lucia de Martino Lee, Carmino Antonio De Souza, Yves Bertrand, Nobuko Hijiya, Linda C Stork, Nack-Gyun Chung, Rocio Cardenas Cardos, Tapan Saikia, Franca Fagioli, Jong Jin Seo, Judith Landman-Parker, Donna Lancaster, Andrew E Place, Karen R Rabin, Mariana Sacchi, Rene Swanink, C Michel Zwaan
Purpose Safe, effective treatments are needed for pediatric patients with chronic myeloid leukemia in chronic phase (CML-CP). Dasatinib is approved for treatment of adults and children with CML-CP. A phase I study determined suitable dosing for children with Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph+) leukemias. Methods CA180-226/NCT00777036 is a phase II, open-label, nonrandomized prospective trial of patients < 18 years of age receiving dasatinib. There are three cohorts: (1) imatinib-resistant/intolerant CML-CP, (2) imatinib-resistant/intolerant CML in accelerated/blast phase or Ph+ acute lymphoblastic leukemia (n = 17), and (3) newly diagnosed CML-CP treated with tablets or powder for oral suspension...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Michal Schäfer, Kathryn K Collins, Lorna P Browne, D Dunbar Ivy, Steven Abman, Richard Friesen, Benjamin Frank, Brian Fonseca, Michael DiMaria, Kendall S Hunter, Uyen Truong, Johannes C von Alvensleben
BACKGROUND: Electrical and right ventricular (RV) mechanical dyssynchrony has been previously described in pediatric pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), but less is known about the relationship between electrical dyssynchrony and biventricular function. In this study we applied cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging to evaluate biventricular size and function with a focus on left ventricular (LV) strain mechanics in pediatric PAH patients with and without electrical dyssynchrony...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
Anudeep Jassal, Omer Cavus, Elisa A Bradley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 28, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
Ling Luo, Huanling Wang, Hongwei Fan, Jing Xie, Zhifeng Qiu, Taisheng Li
Chronic active Epstein-Barr virus (CAEBV) infection is a rare disease with high mortality. Most of CAEBV patients have been reported from Japan and are pediatric cases.The goal was to describe the clinical characteristics and the immunophenotypic features of peripheral lymphocytes in adult onset CAEBV patients.We retrospectively reviewed and analyzed all adult onset CAEBV cases admitted to Peking Union Medical College Hospital (PUMCH) between 2012 and 2016. Demographic, clinical, laboratory data, and the immunophentyping data of peripheral lymphocytes were collected...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Binglan Yu, Michele Ferrari, Grigorij Schleifer, Martin Wepler, Warren M Zapol, Donald B Bloch
OBJECTIVES: To test the safety of a novel miniaturized device that produces nitric oxide (NO) from air by pulsed electrical discharge, and to demonstrate that the generated NO can be used to vasodilate the pulmonary vasculature in rabbits with chemically-induced pulmonary hypertension. STUDY DESIGN: A miniature NO (mini-NO) generator was tested for its ability to produce therapeutic levels (20-80 parts per million (ppm)) of NO, while removing potentially toxic gases and metal particles...
February 24, 2018: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
Rachel K Hopper, Yan Wang, Valerie DeMatteo, Ashley Santo, Steven M Kawut, Okan U Elci, Brian D Hanna, Laura Mercer-Rosa
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) causes significant morbidity and mortality in children due to right ventricular (RV) failure. We sought to determine the effect of prostacyclin analogues on RV function assessed by echocardiography in children with PH. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of children with PH treated with a prostacyclin analogue (epoprostenol or treprostinil) between January 2001 and August 2015 at our center. Data were collected before initiation of treatment (baseline) and at 1-3 and 6-12 months after...
April 2018: Pulmonary Circulation
Manish Aggarwal, R Mark Grady
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is an increasingly recognized problem in children, particularly within tertiary pediatric hospitals. This increase is, in large part, due to ever improving survival among previously fatal conditions, such as extreme prematurity and complicated congenital heart disease. This increased recognition has paralleled burgeoning pharmacologic and interventional PH-specific treatment options. Unfortunately, most PH-specific therapies have not been tested in children with rigorous, randomized, controlled trials...
February 20, 2018: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
Devi Manuel, Gopal Ghosh, George Joseph, Anandaroop Lahiri, Paul V George
OBJECTIVE: To study the echocardiographic features of criss-cross heart (CCH), a congenital cardiac anomaly characterized by crossed ventricular inflow streams, in Indian patients. METHODS: In this retrospective observational study, all pediatric echocardiograms performed in a single tertiary care institution in South India over a three-year period were scrutinized for a diagnosis of CCH. Demographic, clinical and echocardiographic data were collected from patients' medical records and echocardiographic database...
January 2018: Indian Heart Journal
Qiangqiang Li, Konstantinos Dimopoulos, Chen Zhang, Yan Zhu, Qian Liu, Hong Gu
Inhaled prostacyclin analogue iloprost is currently utilized in adult patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), but little information is available on its use in the pediatric population. This study evaluated the safety and acute haemodynamic effects of inhaled iloprost in children with PAH associated with congenital heart disease (CHD). Children with PAH-CHD who underwent cardiac catheterization and iloprost administration in our catheter laboratory between June 2007 and October 2015 were included...
February 9, 2018: Pediatric Cardiology
Michael L O'Byrne, Kevin F Kennedy, Jonathan J Rome, Andrew C Glatz
Practice variation is a potentially important measure of healthcare quality. The IMPACT registry provides a representative national sample with which to study practice variation in trans-catheter interventions for congenital heart disease. METHODS: We studied cases for closure of atrial septal defect (ASD) and patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in IMPACT between January 1, 2011, and September 30, 2015, using hierarchical multivariate models studying (1) the distribution of indications for closure and (2) in patients whose indication for closure was left (LVVO) or right ventricular volume overload (RVVO), the factors influencing probability of closure of a small defect (either in size or in terms of the magnitude of shunt)...
February 2018: American Heart Journal
Kriti Puri, Peter Kazembe, Treasure Mkaliainga, Msandeni Chiume, Antonio G Cabrera, Amy Sims Sanyahumbi
Malawi is one of the poorest nations in the world, ranked 151st among 195 countries by the World Bank, with an under-5-year mortality rate of 63 per 1000 live births. There are no previous studies describing the spectrum of inpatient pediatric cardiology consultations in sub-Saharan Africa. A descriptive cohort study was performed at Kamuzu Central Hospital (KCH), a tertiary care hospital in Lilongwe, Malawi. Demographic, anthropometric, and clinical information for all cardiology consults patients aged 0-18 years admitted to the children's wards over a period of 1 month was reviewed...
January 25, 2018: Congenital Heart Disease
Q Liu, C Zhang, Q Q Li, Y Zhu, D Zhang, W G Zhao, H Gu
Objective: To analyze the prognosis and associated risk factors of pediatric idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension. Methods: A total of 119 patients under 18 years of age diagnosed as idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension in the Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Center in Beijing Anzhen Hospital between June 2007 and May 2017 were enrolled in this retrospective study. The clinical informations and follow-up data were collected. The endpoints of follow-up were defined as death or undergoing lung transplantation...
January 2, 2018: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
Philippe Gaudard, Claudio Barbanti, Bertrand Rozec, Philippe Mauriat, Mimoun M'rini, Gilles Cambonie, Jean Michel Liet, Claude Girard, Pierre Louis Leger, Ziad Assaf, Pierre Damas, Gauthier Loron, Laurent Lecourt, Julien Amour, Philippe Pouard
BACKGROUND: Nitric oxide (NO) has a well-known efficacy in pulmonary hypertension (PH), with wide use for 20 years in many countries. The objective of this study was to describe the current use of NO in real life and the gap with the guidelines. METHODS: This is a multicenter, prospective, observational study on inhaled NO administered through an integrated delivery and monitoring device and indicated for PH according to the market authorizations. The characteristics of NO therapy and ventilation modes were observed...
January 16, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Seyma Kayali, Ilker Ertugrul, Tamer Yoldas, Ozkan Kaya, Senem Ozgür, Utku A Orün, Selmin Karademir
To analyze the role of sensitive cardiac troponin I (scTnI) and high-sensitive troponin T (hscTnT) in the determination of myocardial injury caused by volume and pressure load due to pulmonary hypertension (PH) and to investigate if these markers may be useful in the management of PH in childhood. Twenty-eight patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) with left to right shunt and PH, 29 patients with CHD with left to right shunt but without PH, and 18 healthy children, in total 75 individuals, were included in the study...
January 16, 2018: Pediatric Cardiology
Jordan D Awerbach, George B Mallory, Shelly Kim, Antonio G Cabrera
OBJECTIVE: To assess the rate of and risk factors for 30-day hospital readmission in children with pulmonary hypertension. STUDY DESIGN: The Pediatric Health Information System database was analyzed for patients ≤18 years old with pulmonary hypertension (International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, diagnosis codes of 416.0, 416.1, 416.8, or 416.9) admitted from 2005 through 2014. A generalized hierarchical regression model was used to determine significant ORs and 95% CIs associated with 30-day readmission...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Fernando Palvo, Alexandre Todorovic Fabro, Maria Célia Cervi, Davi Casale Aragon, Fernando Silva Ramalho, Ana Paula de Carvalho Panzeri Carlotti
We aimed to investigate the clinicopathological features of pertussis in children admitted to a tertiary-care university hospital in Brazil.This was a retrospective cohort study of all pediatric hospital admissions with pertussis from January 1, 2008 to December 31, 2014. We also reported the autopsy findings in children who died.Fifty-five patients admitted to the hospital over the study period had laboratorial confirmation of Bordetella pertussis infection, 17 (30.9%) needed pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) admission and 6 (10...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Elisa McCarthy, Michelle T Ogawa, Rachel K Hopper, Jeffrey A Feinstein, Hayley A Gans
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Pulmonary Circulation
Kyle D Hope, Renzo J C Calderón Anyosa, Yan Wang, Andrea E Montero, Tomoyuki Sato, Brian D Hanna, Anirban Banerjee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Pulmonary Circulation
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"