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Pediatric cardiac intervention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094679/a-retrospective-analysis-of-a-pediatric-tele-echocardiography-service-to-treat-triage-and-reduce-trans-pacific-transport
#1
Christopher A Rouse, Brandon T Woods, C Becket Mahnke
Introduction Tele-echocardiography can ensure prompt diagnosis and prevent the unnecessary transport of infants without critical congenital heart disease, particularly at isolated locations lacking access to tertiary care medical centers. Methods We retrospectively reviewed all infants who underwent tele-echocardiography at a remote 16-bed level IIIB NICU from June 2005 to March 2014. Tele-echocardiograms were completed by cardiac sonographers in Okinawa, Japan, and transmitted asynchronously for review by pediatric cardiologists in Hawaii...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088009/cardiac-output-and-systemic-vascular-resistance-clinical-assessment-compared-with-a-noninvasive-objective-measurement-in-children-with-shock
#2
Asma Razavi, Christopher J L Newth, Robinder G Khemani, Fernando Beltramo, Patrick A Ross
PURPOSE: To evaluate physician assessment of cardiac output and systemic vascular resistance in patients with shock compared with an ultrasonic cardiac output monitor (USCOM). To explore potential changes in therapy decisions if USCOM data were available using physician intervention answers. STUDY DESIGN: Double-blinded, prospective, observational study in a tertiary hospital pediatric intensive care unit. Forty children (<18years) admitted with shock, requiring ongoing volume resuscitation or inotropic support...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074817/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-for-refractory-cardiac-arrest
#3
REVIEW
Steven A Conrad, Peter T Rycus
Extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) is the use of rapid deployment venoarterial (VA) extracorporeal membrane oxygenation to support systemic circulation and vital organ perfusion in patients in refractory cardiac arrest not responding to conventional cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Although prospective controlled studies are lacking, observational studies suggest improved outcomes compared with conventional CPR when ECPR is instituted within 30-60 min following cardiac arrest. Adult and pediatric patients with witnessed in-hospital and out-of-hospital cardiac arrest and good quality CPR, failure of at least 15 min of conventional resuscitation, and a potentially reversible cause for arrest are candidates...
January 2017: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047939/tu-h-campus-iep1-03-comparison-of-monte-carlo-simulation-and-conversion-factor-based-method-on-estimation-of-effective-dose-in-pediatric-patients-undergoing-interventional-cardiac-procedures
#4
K Leung, M Wong, Y Ng, S Lee, R Ming Chun Chau, F Lee
PURPOSE: Interventional cardiac procedures utilize frequent fluoroscopy and cineangiography, which impose considerable radiation risk to patients, especially pediatric patients. Accurate calculation of effective dose is important in order to estimate cancer risk over the rest of their lifetime. This study evaluates the difference in effective dose calculated by Monte Carlo simulation with those estimated by locally-derived conversion factors (CF-local) and by commonly quoted conversion factors from Karambatsakidou et al (CF-K)...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042054/design-and-rationale-of-heart-and-lung-failure-pediatric-insulin-titration-trial-half-pint-a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-tight-glycemic-control-in-hyperglycemic-critically-ill-children
#5
Michael Sd Agus, Ellie Hirshberg, Vijay Srinivasan, Edward Vincent Faustino, Peter M Luckett, Martha Aq Curley, Jamin Alexander, Lisa A Asaro, Kerry Coughlin-Wells, Donna Duva, Jaclyn French, Natalie Hasbani, Martha T Sisko, Carmen L Soto-Rivera, Garry Steil, David Wypij, Vinay M Nadkarni
OBJECTIVES: Test whether hyperglycemic critically ill children with cardiovascular and/or respiratory failure experience more ICU-free days when assigned to tight glycemic control with a normoglycemic versus hyperglycemic blood glucose target range. DESIGN: Multi-center randomized clinical trial. SETTING: Pediatric ICUs at 35 academic hospitals. PATIENTS: Children aged 2weeks to 17years receiving inotropic support and/or acute mechanical ventilation, excluding cardiac surgical patients...
December 30, 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025065/trends-in-u-s-cardiovascular-care-2016-report-from-4-acc-national-cardiovascular-data-registries
#6
REVIEW
Frederick A Masoudi, Angelo Ponirakis, James A de Lemos, James G Jollis, Mark Kremers, John C Messenger, John W M Moore, Issam Moussa, William J Oetgen, Paul D Varosy, Robert N Vincent, Jessica Wei, Jeptha P Curtis, Matthew T Roe, John A Spertus
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a leading cause of death and disability in the United States. National quality programs such as the National Cardiovascular Data Registry (NCDR®) permit assessments of the quality of care and outcomes for broad populations of patients with CVD. This report provides data from 2014 from four NCDR® hospital quality programs: 1) CathPCI® for coronary angiography and percutaneous coronary intervention (667,424 procedures performed in 1,612 hospitals) ICD™ for implantable cardioverter defibrillators (158,649 procedures performed in 1,715 hospitals); 3) ACTION®-GWTG™ for acute coronary syndromes (182,903 patients admitted to 907 hospitals); and 4) IMPACT® for cardiac catheterization and intervention for pediatric and adult congenital heart disease (20,169 procedures in 76 hospitals)...
December 20, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998861/-risk-factors-for-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-following-surgeries-for-pediatric-critical-and-complex-congenital-heart-disease
#7
Shu-Rong Gong, Ying-Rui Zhang, Rong-Guo Yu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the risk factors for acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in children receiving surgeries for critical and complex congenital heart disease (CCHD). METHODS: According to the 2011's Berlin definition of ARDS, the clinical data were collected from 75 children without ARDS (group I) and 80 children with ARDS (group II) following surgeries for CCHD performed in the Department of Cardiac Surgery of our hospital from January, 2009 to May, 2014...
December 20, 2016: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981915/variability-of-antithrombotics-use-in-patients-with-hypoplastic-left-heart-syndrome-and-its-variants-following-first-and-second-stage-palliation-surgery-a-national-report-using-the-national-pediatric-cardiology-quality-improvement-collaborative-registry
#8
Preeti Ramachandran, Eileen King, Ashley Nebbia, Robert H Beekman, Jeffrey B Anderson
: Purpose Patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome and its variants following palliation surgery are at risk for thrombosis. This study examines variability of antithrombotic practice, the incidence of interstage shunt thrombosis, and other adverse events following Stage I and Stage II palliation within the National Pediatric Cardiology Quality Improvement Collaborative registry. METHODS: We carried out a multicentre, retrospective review using the National Pediatric Cardiology Quality Improvement Collaborative registry including patients from 2008 to 2013 across 52 surgical sites...
August 30, 2016: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965948/do-self-and-proxy-reports-of-cognitive-problems-reflect-intellectual-functioning-in-children-and-adolescents-with-congenital-heart-defects
#9
Sandra Buratti, Carmen Ryberg, Malin Broberg, Jan Sunnegårdh
AIM: Children with congenital heart defects (CHD) who suffer from cognitive impairments and school difficulties need to be identified as early as possible in order to set appropriate interventions in place that may enhance the school situation and quality of life for these children. Identifying children and adolescents at risk for cognitive difficulties requires specific screening tools. This study assessed such a tool - Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory Cardiac Module subscale: Cognitive Problems - to investigate whether proxy reported and self-reported cognitive problems were associated with measured intellectual functioning in children and adolescents with CHD treated with surgery or by catheter interventions...
2016: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964909/an-educational-intervention-to-improve-nurses-understanding-of-pain-in-children-in-western-india
#10
Ashish R Dongara, Somashekhar M Nimbalkar, Ajay G Phatak, Dipen V Patel, Archana S Nimbalkar
Accurate assessment of pain and its management is a challenging aspect of pediatric care. Nurses, usually the primary caregivers, showed inadequate knowledge and restrictive attitudes toward pain assessment. We evaluated an educational intervention to improve nurses' assessment of pain in a teaching hospital in India. A convenient sample of nurses working in the neonatal intensive care unit, pediatric ward, pediatric intensive care unit, and pediatric cardiac intensive care unit were included in the study. Workshops to improve understanding of pain, its assessment, and management strategies were conducted...
December 10, 2016: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900408/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-pericardial-effusions-requiring-readmission-after-pediatric-cardiac-surgery
#11
Matthew D Elias, Andrew C Glatz, Matthew J O'Connor, Susan Schachtner, Chitra Ravishankar, Christoper E Mascio, Meryl S Cohen
Pericardial effusion (PE) may require readmission after cardiac surgery and has been associated with postoperative morbidity and mortality. We sought to identify the prevalence and risk factors for postoperative PE requiring readmission in children. A retrospective analysis of the Pediatric Health Information System database was performed between January 1, 2003, and September 30, 2014. All patients ≤18 years old who underwent cardiac surgery were identified by ICD-9 codes. Those readmitted within 1 year with an ICD-9 code for PE were identified...
November 30, 2016: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893194/incidence-morphology-and-progression-of-bicuspid-aortic-valve-in-pediatric-and-young-adult-subjects-with-coexisting-congenital-heart-defects
#12
Talha Niaz, Joseph T Poterucha, Jonathan N Johnson, Cecilia Craviari, Thomas Nienaber, Jared Palfreeman, Frank Cetta, Donald J Hagler
BACKGROUND: Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) occurs both as an isolated cardiac lesion and in association with congenital heart defects (CHD). Their aim was to identify the incidence and morphology of BAV in patients with coexisting CHD and compare their disease progression to patients with isolated BAV. METHODS: The Mayo Clinic echocardiography database was retrospectively analyzed to identify pediatric and young adult patients (≤22 years) who were diagnosed with BAV from 1990 to 2015...
November 28, 2016: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888578/clinical-evaluation-of-a-radio-protective-cream-for-the-hands-of-the-pediatric-interventional-cardiologist
#13
Saradha Subramanian, B Rush Waller, Natasha Winders, Lindsey E Bird, Vijaykumar Agrawal, David Zurakowski, Andrew Kuhls-Gilcrist, Ashok Khandkar, Shyam K Sathanandam
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of UltraBLOX™ radiation attenuating hand cream during lengthy cardiac catheterization procedures in children. BACKGROUND: The hands of interventional cardiologists receive high doses of radiation due to their proximity to the X-ray beam. Radiation attenuating gloves have about a 26% attenuation rate, but reduce dexterity and tactile sensation. The UltraBLOX™ cream is a new FDA-approved X-ray attenuating cream that can be applied to the operator's hands for radio-protection...
November 26, 2016: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881562/total-anomalous-pulmonary-venous-connection-the-current-management-strategies-in-a-pediatric-cohort-of-768-patients
#14
Guocheng Shi, Zhongqun Zhu, Jimei Chen, Yanqiu Ou, Haifa Hong, Zhiqiang Nie, Haibo Zhang, Xiaoqing Liu, Jinghao Zheng, Qi Sun, Jinfen Liu, Huiwen Chen, Jian Zhuang
BACKGROUND: Total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) is a rare form of congenital heart disease. This study describes current surgical treatment strategies and experiences in a cohort of patients from 2 congenital cardiac centers in Shanghai and Guangdong in China. METHODS: This retrospective study included 768 patients operated on between 2005 and 2014. Although most patients (n=690) underwent conventional repair, a sutureless technique was used in 10% (n=78) of cases...
January 3, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872993/cardiac-catheterization-in-pediatric-patients-supported-by-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-a-15-year-experience
#15
Nicholas S Boscamp, Mariel E Turner, Matthew Crystal, Brett Anderson, Julie A Vincent, Alejandro J Torres
Cardiac catheterization is commonly performed in patients being supported by extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). We aimed to evaluate the safety, benefit, and outcomes of catheterization in pediatric patients supported by ECMO. Retrospective review of cardiac catheterizations performed in patients ≤18 years of age while on ECMO at a large tertiary care center between January 2000 and May 2015. A total of 55 catheterizations were performed on 51 patients during 53 unique ECMO courses. Indications for ECMO include ventricular dysfunction (22), cardiac arrest (20), inability to wean from cardiopulmonary bypass (7), and persistent cyanosis (4)...
November 21, 2016: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849880/238-the-state-of-intervention-by-brain-natriuretic-peptide-values-in-pediatric-cardiac-surgery-patients
#16
Yasutoshi Kuroe, Tomoyuki Kanazawa, Naohiro Shioji, Kentaro Sugimoto, Tomohiko Suemori, Kazuyoshi Shimizu, Tatsuo Iwasaki, Hiroshi Morimatsu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836369/effects-of-anticipated-neonatal-surgical-intervention-on-maternal-milk-cytokine-production
#17
Rebecca M Rentea, Amy J Wagner, David M Gourlay, Melissa Christensen, Jennifer L Liedel
BACKGROUND: Maternal stress on neonatal outcomes of infants admitted to the NICU is incompletely understood. We previously demonstrated breast milk derived cytokines remain biologically active in the neonatal intestine. We hypothesized that the need for neonatal surgical intervention would be stimulus leading to maternal cytokine production thus affecting neonatal outcome. METHODS: Discarded expressed breast milk (EBM) in the first 3weeks following delivery was analyzed for IL-23 and IL-10 by ELISA...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801973/scai-ccas-spa-expert-consensus-statement-for-anesthesia-and-sedation-practice-recommendations-for-patients-undergoing-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-procedures-in-the-pediatric-and-congenital-cardiac-catheterization-laboratory
#18
Kirsten C Odegard, Robert Vincent, Rahul Baijal, SuAnne Daves, Robert Gray, Alex Javois, Barry Love, Phil Moore, David Nykanen, Lori Riegger, Scott G Walker, Elizabeth C Wilson
Current practice of sedation and anesthesia for patients undergoing pediatric congenital cardiac catheterization laboratory (PCCCL) procedures is known to vary among institutions, a multi-society expert panel with representatives from the Congenital Heart Disease Council of the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions (SCAI), the Society for Pediatric Anesthesia (SPA) and the Congenital Cardiac Anesthesia Society (CCAS) was convened to evaluate the types of sedation and personnel necessary for procedures performed in the PCCCL...
November 15, 2016: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785879/intravascular-and-hybrid-intraoperative-stent-placement-for-baffle-obstruction-in-transposition-of-the-great-arteries-after-atrial-switch
#19
Joseph T Poterucha, Nathaniel W Taggart, Jonathan N Johnson, Bryan C Cannon, Allison K Cabalka, Donald J Hagler, Joseph A Dearani, Frank Cetta
OBJECTIVES: To report our experience with intravascular and hybrid intra-operative stent placement for baffle obstruction in patients with complete transposition of the great arteries (TGA) after the atrial switch (Mustard/Senning) operation. BACKGROUND: Venous baffle obstruction is a challenging complication after atrial switch operation in patients with TGA. Traditional treatment options include intravascular stenting or surgery. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of Mayo Clinic's electronic medical record was completed to identify consecutive pediatric and adult patients with TGA after atrial switch who underwent baffle stent implantation from 1994 to 2015...
October 27, 2016: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774445/ecls-in-pediatric-cardiac-patients
#20
Matteo Di Nardo, Graeme MacLaren, Marco Marano, Corrado Cecchetti, Paola Bernaschi, Antonio Amodeo
Extracorporeal life support (ECLS) is an important device in the management of children with severe refractory cardiac and or pulmonary failure. Actually, two forms of ECLS are available for neonates and children: extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) and use of a ventricular assist device (VAD). Both these techniques have their own advantages and disadvantages. The intra-aortic balloon pump is another ECLS device that has been successfully used in larger children, adolescents, and adults, but has found limited applicability in smaller children...
2016: Frontiers in Pediatrics
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