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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922244/fibular-graft-effective-panorama-for-prosthetic-rehabilitation-of-resected-mandible
#1
Pankaj Kharade, Saidul Islam, Mahesh Verma, Swati Sharma, Ranjeet Bodh
Surgical management of extensive tumors in the mandibular region leads to massive disfigurement of the face. Also the prosthetic outcome of such patients rehabilitated with free soft tissue flaps is very poor. Reconstruction of extensive defects to overcome the disfigurement is a challenging procedure and can be achieved with free fibula flap. Free fibula graft provides sufficient length of bone for the reconstruction of the postsurgical defects. Excellent vascularity of fibula flap allows for easy uptake of the graft and osseointegration of the dental implants...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919826/forehead-galeal-pericranial-flap-for-single-staged-total-upper-eyelid-reconstruction-in-sebaceous-gland-carcinoma-excision
#2
Hui-Hsiu Chang, Edward Suh, Blake H Fortes, Franklin Zheng, Anny Ms Cheng
PURPOSE: To present a successful case of single-staged total upper eyelid reconstruction after sebaceous gland carcinoma excision by using forehead galeal pericranial flap. OBSERVATIONS: An 80-year-old female with a progressively enlarged left upper eyelid mass presented with ocular irritation, blurred vision, and gritty sensation despite topical antibiotics treatment. This multinodular mass involved the left total upper eyelid, compromised corneal surface integrity, and caused complete ptosis...
2017: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918934/reconstructive-microsurgical-approach-for-the-treatment-of-pyoderma-gangrenosum
#3
Karl Schwaiger, Elisabeth Russe, Hassan Kholosy, Michaela Hladik, Klemens Heinrich, Laurenz Weitgasser, Thomas Schoeller, Gottfried Wechselberger
INTRODUCTION: Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is a rare type of autoimmune disease that results in progressive ulcers with or without previous trauma. However, PG is not well understood to date, and its treatment therefore remains a challenge. Because of the disease's systemic characteristic and the unpredictability of the clinical course, no gold standard treatment is available, especially concerning the surgical procedures to treat pyodermic lesions. Often, PG is not recognized during routine clinical practice, and standard ulcer treatment (conservative wound care, debridement, skin grafting, and local flap coverage) is initiated; this induces an autoinflammatory response, resulting in disastrous ulcers, thereby making free flap coverage necessary...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913317/reconstruction-of-a-complex-scalp-defect-after-the-failure-of-free-flaps-changing-plans-and-strategy
#4
Youn Hwan Kim, Gyeong Hoe Kim, Sang Wha Kim
The ideal scalp reconstruction involves closure of the defect with similar hair-bearing local tissue in a single step. Various reconstructions can be used including primary closure, secondary healing, skin grafts, local flaps, and microvascular tissue transfer. A 53-year-old female patient suffered glioblastoma, which had recurred for the second time. The neurosurgeons performed radial debridement and an additional resection of the tumor, followed by reconstruction using a serratus anterior muscle flap with a split-thickness skin graft...
June 2017: Arch Craniofac Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913291/immediate-near-total-scalp-reconstruction-with-artificial-dermis-on-exposed-calvarium
#5
Sooyeon Park, Ki Taik Han, Min Cheol Kim, Jin Soo Lim
Scalp defect management is complicated secondary to reduced laxity in the scalp and forehead area. For reconstruction of larger defects with exposed bone and loss of the periosteal layer, free flap reconstruction is one option for single-stage surgery, although the procedure is lengthy and includes the possibility of flap loss. We successfully performed a single-stage reconstruction of a large scalp defect using a combination of artificial dermis, split-thickness skin graft, and full-thickness skin graft following wide excision of a cutaneous angiosarcoma, and present our method as one option for the treatment of large oncologic surgical defects in patients who are poor candidates for free flap surgery...
December 2016: Arch Craniofac Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911959/histological-changes-in-the-periosteum-following-subperiosteal-expansion-in-rabbit-scalp
#6
Mohamad Taghi Kiani, Nasrin Takzare, Ahad Khoshzaban, Elahe Jalilianfar, Leila Aghajanpour, Reza Tabrizi
PURPOSE: In intraoral bone grafting, tension-free coverage of the recipient site with periosteal flap results in optimal wound closure. Tissue expansion could be a suitable modality to obtain soft tissue in the oral cavity. The aim of this study was to assess the histology of the periosteum after subperiosteal expansion in the rabbit scalp. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this animal study, 6 rectangular tissue expanders were placed in the skulls of 6 male white New Zealand rabbits; in 6 control rabbits, an incision was made to the periosteum but no expansion was performed...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910897/-the-application-of-microvascular-anastomotic-coupler-in-vascular-anastomosis-of-free-tissue-flap-for-reconstruction-of-defect-after-head-and-neck-cancer-resection
#7
Y J Zhang, Z H Wang, C H Li, J Chen
Objective: To investigate the application and operation skills in vein anastomosis by microvascular anastomotic coupler (MAC) in reconstruction of defects after head and neck cancer resection. Methods: From August 2015 to July 2016, in Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Sichuan Cancer Hosipital, 17 cases underwent the reconstruction of defects after head and neck cancer resection with free tissue flaps, including forearm flaps in 11 casess, anterolateral flaps in 4 casess and fibula flaps in 2 casess. Totally 17 MAC were used, including 14 MAC for end-to-end anastomosis and 3 MAC for end-to-side anastomosis...
September 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906302/chemotherapy-extravasation-management-21-year-experience
#8
Maria Giuseppina Onesti, Sara Carella, Paolo Fioramonti, Nicolò Scuderi
Chemotherapy extravasation may result in serious damage to patients, with irreversible local injures and disability. Evidence-based standardization on extravasation management is lacking and many institutions do not practice adequate procedures to prevent the severer damages. Our aim was to explore the prevention and treatment of extravasation injuries, proposing a standard therapeutic protocol together with a review of the literature. From January 1994 to December 2015, 545 cases were reviewed (age range, 5-87 years; 282 men and 263 women)...
September 12, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905342/quality-of-life-after-free-fibula-flap-reconstruction-of-segmental-mandibular-defects
#9
Jonas Löfstrand, Marcus Nyberg, Therese Karlsson, Andri Thórarinsson, Göran Kjeller, Mattias Lidén, Victoria Fröjd
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2017: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904708/-latissimus-dorsi-flap-in-reconstruction-following-treatment-of-giant-tumor-of-the-abdominal-wall-about-a-rare-case
#10
Karim Bourra, Samir El Mazouz
We report the case of a 16-year old patient presenting with giant, multinodular, mesenchymal tumor of the abdominal wall occupying the left abdominal region and measuring 25 cm on the vertical axis, 20 cm on the transverse axis, mobile when compared with the deep structures and gradually increasing in volume over childhood and neglected. After small biopsy, which showed desmoid tumor, the patient underwent complete surgical resection of the tumor with immediate reconstruction by free muscolo skin flap of the latissimus dorsi attached to the large blood vessels of the inguinal fold (left iliac artery and left external iliac vein), connected by termino lateral anastomosis...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902671/telemedicine-from-microsurgery-and-free-flaps-to-total-body-skin-examination
#11
Jonathan Kantor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895181/simultaneous-double-free-radial-forearm-flaps-combined-with-coronoidectomy-and-myotomy-to-release-bilateral-severe-trismus-a-case-report
#12
Chieh Chou, Chien-Chang Chen, Chung-Sheng Lai, Sin-Daw Lin, Yur-Ren Kuo
Oral cancers associated with submucosal fibrosis-induced trismus are common. They may affect the patients' quality of life, cause nutritional deficits, and interfere with postoperative cancer surveillance. In such cases, locating desirable recipient vessels in the head and neck can be difficult. This report presents a 47-year-old man with severe trismus caused by recurrent head and neck cancer, who had received multiple free-flap reconstructions after cancer ablation. Reconstruction was successfully achieved for the bilateral defects and releasing the trismus by using simultaneous double free radial forearm flaps as a chained flow-through pattern with one residual recipient vessel combined with the bilateral myotomy of the medial pterygoid and masseter muscles, and coronoidectomy...
September 12, 2017: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894709/prognosis-and-risk-factors-influencing-recurrence-in-surgery-treated-patients-with-primary-sacral-tumors
#13
Xiliang Dang, Liping Lian, Dongsheng Wu
BACKGROUND: We aimed to explore the prognosis and risk factors influencing tumor recurrence in surgery-treated patients with primary sacral tumors. METHODS: Fifty-six patients between February 2011 and December 2016 in Yishui Central Hospital with primary sacral tumors were selected and treated with radical surgeries. The perioperative outcomes and postoperative neurological functions were observed. After postoperative follow-up, the overall survival time (OS), disease-free survival time (DFS), and recurrence were recorded to analyze the potential risk factors influencing tumor recurrence...
August 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894667/dual-vascular-free-anterolateral-thigh-flap
#14
Toshiaki Numajiri, Daiki Morita, Shoko Tsujiko, Hiroko Nakamura, Yoshihiro Sowa, Akihito Arai, Matsui Masahiro, Hiroshi Nakano, Shigeru Hirano
BACKGROUND: The optimum number of microvascular anastomoses for safe free tissue transfer is controversial. Although the case for 2 venous anastomoses versus 1 anastomosis has been argued, the use of an additional arterial anastomosis has not been examined in detail. METHODS: Twelve patients who underwent 2 arterial anastomoses for a free flap transfer were identified retrospectively from the medical records of patients undergoing reconstruction for head and neck cancer...
August 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894665/late-arterial-thrombosis-after-microvascular-head-and-neck-reconstruction-due-to-combined-factors-of-pedicle-artery-loop-and-submandibular-gland-swelling
#15
Yu Kagaya, Masaki Arikawa, Shimpei Miyamoto
Late arterial thrombosis of a free flap is rare and usually unsalvageable because it is hard to detect. We herein report 2 cases of arterial thrombosis of a free flap after microvascular head and neck reconstruction due to the combined factors of pedicle artery loop and compression by a swollen submandibular gland, the occurrence of thrombosis in both of which was > 72 hours after the operation. In case 1, the arterial thrombosis was undetectable, and it was too late for a successful take-back operation, so the flap was lost...
August 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894664/aesthetic-female-to-male-chest-transformation-power-of-combining-modified-mastectomy-with-a-pectoral-implant
#16
Turkia Abbed, David A Shifrin
Gender reassignment surgery has gained in popularity with increased media exposure and society's recognition of gender dysphoria. Female-to-male gender reassignment often begins with the "top" or chest surgery. Mastectomy with free nipple grafting is the most frequently described technique in the literature. This technique is reliable yet lacks the ability to provide a true male chest shape. We discuss our technique for female-to-male "top" surgery combining traditional mastectomy techniques with a lower pole pedicle vascularized areola and a pectoral implant...
August 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894663/deltopectoral-and-pectoralis-musculocutaneous-flap-technique-for-cervical-esophageal-reconstruction-after-free-jejunal-flap-necrosis
#17
Hajime Matsumine, Kazuyuki Kubo, Atsumori Hamahata, Hiroyuki Sakurai
BACKGROUND: Free jejunal transfer has a high success rate, but if vascular thrombosis occurs, the salvage of failing flap with reanastomosis is difficult. This study described a combined deltopectoral (DP) and pectoralis major musculocutaneous (PMMC) flap 2-step technique for cervical esophageal reconstruction after free-jejunal-flap necrosis. METHODS: In step 1, the detection of free jejunal flap with the subsequent debridement of necrotic and infected tissue was followed by the construction of external fistula on the pharyngeal side with the hole in cervical skin and the construction of another external fistula on the esophageal side and tracheal stoma with a single or double DP flap...
August 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894659/prevention-of-mandible-reconstruction-plate-exposure-by-costal-cartilage-wrapping
#18
Motonao Iwasawa, Yoshito Mishima, Miho Ohtsubo
After mandibulectomy in cancer surgery, reconstruction is often performed with a reconstruction plate covered with a soft-tissue free flap in patients in poor condition. However, the rate of complications for mandibular reconstruction is higher with a reconstruction plate than with vascularized bone grafts. We have developed a costal cartilage wrapping method to prevent exposure of the mandible reconstruction plate. The eighth costal cartilage was removed and split into 2 pieces to wrap around the reconstruction plate...
August 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894652/double-pedicled-free-deep-inferior-epigastric-perforator-flap-for-the-coverage-of-thigh-soft-tissue-defect
#19
Olimpiu Bota, Nick Spindler, Jeannine Sauber, Emrah Aydogan, Stefan Langer
Soft-tissue defects caused by radiation injury are a challenging task for the reconstructive surgeon, due to the extent of the soft-tissue damage and the associated injuries of the local blood vessels and bone tissue. We present the application of the versatile deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flap for the coverage of an extended lateral thigh soft-tissue defect after the surgical resection of an undifferentiated pleomorphic high-grade sarcoma, neoadjuvant chemotherapy, and adjuvant chemo- and radiotherapy...
August 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891897/simultaneous-reconstruction-of-both-facial-paralysis-and-temporomandibular-joint-ankylosis-with-a-composite-flap-from-dorsum-of-foot
#20
Osman Akdag, Seyda Guray Evin, Mehtap Karamese, Zekeriya Tosun
Free extensor digitorum brevis muscle flap in facial paralysis, and the second metatarsophalangeal joint flap is used at the temporomandibular joint reconstruction for a long time. Anatomically, these flaps can be harvested through even the same pedicle flap even on the same regions. Literature is available of their usage along with the use of hand and upper extremity reconstruction. Unlike this example, the authors have used these flaps in maxillofacial region where facial paralysis and temporomandibular joint reconstruction will be performed together...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
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