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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330095/potential-mosquito-repellent-compounds-of-ocimum-species-against-3n7h-and-3q8i-of-anopheles-gambiae
#1
Venugopal Gaddaguti, Talluri Venkateswara Rao, Allu Prasada Rao
Mosquitoes are exceptionally efficient in detecting their hosts for blood meal using odorant binding proteins, viz. 3N7H and 3Q8I and spread several dreadful diseases. DEET is a synthetic mosquito repellent widely used all over world for protection against mosquito bite. Reports reveal that, synthetic mosquito repellents may pose health problems in considerably large population. In view of the above fact, we made an attempt to discover efficient and novel natural mosquito repellent compounds with least impact on human health...
June 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329874/long-term-health-related-quality-of-life-outcomes-in-digital-replantation-versus-revision-amputation
#2
Oren Tessler, Matthew J Bartow, Marie P Tremblay-Champagne, Alex M Lin, Geneviève Landes, Sarah Sebbag, Andreas Nikolis
Background Earlier, digit viability judged the success of digital replantation. Now, utility health-related quality of life (HRQOL) measures can better assess the impact of digital replantation. Methods Overall, 264 digital injury patients were sent a regimen of utility measures: Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) score, European Quality of Life 5 Dimensions, visual analog scale (VAS), time trade-off (TTO), and standard gamble (SG). Overall, 51 patients responded completely to all of these-36 replantation patients and 15 revision amputation patients...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329859/the-impact-of-three-cognitive-training-programs-on-driving-cessation-across-10-years-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Lesley A Ross, Sara A Freed, Jerri D Edwards, Christine B Phillips, Karlene Ball
Purpose of the Study: Driving is important for older adults' health and well-being, yet little research has examined interventions to maintain driving mobility. As fluid cognitive abilities are strongly linked to driving, targeted cognitive training interventions may impact driving mobility longitudinally. This study assessed the effects of three different cognitive training programs (reasoning, speed of processing, and memory) on driving cessation in older adults across 10 years (n = 2,390)...
October 10, 2016: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329848/attitudes-toward-alzheimer-s-care-seeking-among-korean-americans-effects-of-knowledge-stigma-and-subjective-norm
#4
Banghwa Lee Casado, Michin Hong, Sang E Lee
Purpose: Early detection of Alzheimer's disease (AD) ensures that affected individuals and their caregivers can make appropriate plans for health care needs, yet many ethnic minorities delay seeking care for AD until the disease has progressed. This study examined attitudes toward care-seeking for AD among Korean Americans (KAs) and identified factors affecting their attitudes. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was used to collect data from 234 KA adults. We conducted hierarchical regression analyses to examine the effects of sociocultural background (age, gender, education, cultural orientation), AD knowledge and exposure to AD, and beliefs about AD (stigma of pity, shame, and public avoidance) and AD care (subjective norm) on KAs' attitudes toward seeking AD care from primary care physicians (PCPs) and AD specialists...
March 10, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329847/the-impact-of-the-great-recession-on-midlife-and-older-parents-of-individuals-with-a-mental-health-problem-or-a-developmental-disability
#5
Jieun Song, Marsha R Mailick, Jan S Greenberg
Background and Objectives: Parents of sons and daughters with disabilities have ongoing financial burdens and vulnerability due to the demands of caregiving responsibilities and their related direct and indirect costs. This study aims to investigate whether midlife and older parents of individuals with a mental health problem or a developmental disability were particularly vulnerable to the impact of the recession. Research Design and Methods: The data were drawn from Midlife in the United States (MIDUS), a longitudinal survey of a national probability sample in the United States, Waves II (2004-2006) and III (2013-2014; 84 parents of individuals with a mental health problem, 98 parents of individuals with a developmental disability, and 2,029 parents of individuals without any conditions as a comparison group)...
March 13, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329822/it-s-all-about-the-relationship-cognitively-intact-mother-daughter-care-dyads-in-hospice-at-home
#6
Diane N Solomon, Lissi Hansen, Judith G Baggs
Purpose of the Study: Adult daughters providing care to aging, ill mothers comprise the most prevalent caregiving dyad. Little is known, however, regarding relationship quality and its impact on care in these dyads, particularly in the context of cognitively intact patients at end of life in hospice. This interpretive descriptive work privileges voices of terminally ill mothers and care-partnering daughters in the home hospice context. Specific aims were to describe and interpret how mothers and daughters: (a) perceive relationship quality and (b) perceive how relationships have developed over time through health, chronic illness, and hospice...
March 10, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329753/benefits-of-high-intensity-exercise-training-to-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-controlled-study
#7
Tobias Boeselt, Christoph Nell, Lea Lütteken, Katharina Kehr, Janine Koepke, Sandra Apelt, Martina Veith, Björn Beutel, Marc Spielmanns, Timm Greulich, Claus F Vogelmeier, Klaus Kenn, Sabina Janciauskiene, Peter Alter, A Rembert Koczulla
BACKGROUND: Various exercise training programs are used for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) of different severity. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the impact of individualized high-intensity training on exercise capacity with COPD. METHODS: A total of 49 patients agreed to participate. Of these, 31 were assigned to the training group and 18 served as controls. The training group exercised twice a week for 90 min with consecutively increasing loads...
March 23, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329741/drugs-violence-and-trauma-in-m%C3%A3-xico-and-united-states
#8
Juan Carlos Puyana, Juan Carlos Jacob Puyana, Andres Mariano Rubiano, Jorge Hernan Montenegro, Glyn O Estebanez, Alvaro Ignacio Sanchez, Felipe Vega-Rivera
The impact of illicit drug markets on the occurrence of violence varies tremendously depending on many factors. Over the last years, Mexico and United States (US) has increased security border issues that included many aspects of drug-related trade and criminal activities. Mexico experienced only a small reduction of trauma deaths after severe crime reinforcement policies. This strategy in the war on drugs is shifting the drug market to other Central American countries. This phenomenon is called the ballooning effect where by pressure to control illicit drug related activities in one particular area forces a shift to other more vulnerable areas that lead to increase crime and violence...
March 21, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329720/in-vitro-activity-of-farnesol-against-vaginal-lactobacillus-spp
#9
Fengjuan Wang, Zhaohui Liu, Dai Zhang, Xiaoxi Niu
OBJECTIVE: Farnesol, a quorum-sensing molecule in Candida albicans, can affect the growth of certain microorganisms. The objective of this study was to evaluate the in vitro activity of farnesol against vaginal Lactobacillus spp., which play a crucial role in the maintenance of vaginal health. METHODS: Growth and metabolic viability of vaginal Lactobacillus spp. incubated with different concentrations of farnesol were determined by measuring the optical density of the cultures and with the MTT assay...
March 7, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329709/potential-impacts-of-changing-supply-water-quality-on-drinking-water-distribution-a-review
#10
REVIEW
Gang Liu, Ya Zhang, Willem-Jan Knibbe, Cuijie Feng, Wentso Liu, Gertjan Medema, Walter van der Meer
Driven by the development of water purification technologies and water quality regulations, the use of better source water and/or upgraded water treatment processes to improve drinking water quality have become common practices worldwide. However, even though these elements lead to improved water quality, the water quality may be impacted during its distribution through piped networks due to the processes such as pipe material release, biofilm formation and detachment, accumulation and resuspension of loose deposits...
March 19, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329661/predictors-of-actinic-keratosis-count-in-those-with-multiple-keratinocyte-carcinomas
#11
Julia A Siegel, Adam J Luber, Martin A Weinstock
Actinic keratoses (AKs) are frequently treated in the U.S., impacting an estimated 40 million people in 2004 and costing over $1 billion annually. AKs are a major public health concern because of their high prevalence, substantial cost, and potential for malignant transformation to keratinocyte carcinoma (KC). In this analysis, predictors of AK count were explored using pre-randomization baseline data from two large randomized trials of veterans with multiple prior KCs (n=932 and n=1131). Multivariate analyses were conducted to elucidate associations between AK count and several demographic and health related factors...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329655/new-keratinocyte-carcinomas-worsen-skin-related-quality-of-life
#12
Julia A Siegel, Mary-Margaret Chren, Martin A Weinstock
Keratinocyte carcinoma (KC) is the most common malignancy in the U.S. Because KC affects many people but has a low mortality rate, it is important to consider the impact of KC on skin-related quality of life (QoL). We aimed to determine if KCs, actinic keratoses (AKs), and several demographic and health-related factors were associated with skin- related QoL in those at high risk for KC. We used data from a double-blind, placebo- controlled trial in which 932 veterans with multiple prior KCs were randomized to apply topical 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) or vehicle control cream to the face/ears...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329604/the-history-of-open-access-medical-publishing-a-comprehensive-review
#13
Andrea Sukhov, Barbara Burrall, Emanual Maverakis
Dermatology Online Journal became the first medical open access journal in the early 1990's. Today, thousands of open access medical journals are available on the Internet. Despite criticisms surrounding open access, these journals have allowed research to be rapidly available to the public. In addition, open access journal policies allow public health research to reach developing countries where this research has the potential to make a substantial impact. In the future, open access medical journals will likely continue to evolve with technology, changing how medical research is accessed and presented...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329583/dermatologic-care-of-the-transgender-patient
#14
Timothy Hermosura Almazan, Filamer D Kabigting
Literature is limited regarding the medical and cosmetic dermatologic issues pertinent to transgender patients and the reasons why 19 transgender individuals seek care from dermatologists. Clinical management of this population has historically been limited to 20 mental health providers, endocrinologists, and select surgeons with expertise in sex reassignment surgery. The impact of hormonal 21 therapy on transgender skin has been well documented in endocrinology journals, but is underrepresented in dermatology 22 literature...
October 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329428/the-diagnosis-and-lived-experience-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-qualitative-study
#15
Julie Tomlinson, Jonathan Pinkney, Linda Adams, Elizabeth Stenhouse, Alison Bendall, Oonagh Corrigan, Gayle Letherby
AIMS: To explore the impact of the diagnosis of polycystic ovary syndrome on health/ill health identity, how women experience this diagnosis and their health beliefs. BACKGROUND: polycystic ovary syndrome is a common and heterogeneous condition, giving rise to a wide range of different health concerns. Previous research on polycystic ovary syndrome has been dominated by the medical perspective and less is known about the experiences and needs of women. DESIGN: A qualitative study of 32 premenopausal adult women with polycystic ovary syndrome (diagnosis confirmed by Rotterdam criteria), aged between 18-45 years, recruited from a primary and secondary care setting...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329366/ambulatory-voice-biofeedback-relative-frequency-and-summary-feedback-effects-on-performance-and-retention-of-reduced-vocal-intensity-in-the-daily-lives-of-participants-with-normal-voices
#16
Jarrad H Van Stan, Daryush D Mehta, Dagmar Sternad, Robert Petit, Robert E Hillman
Purpose: Ambulatory voice biofeedback has the potential to significantly improve voice therapy effectiveness by targeting carryover of desired behaviors outside the therapy session (i.e., retention). This study applies motor learning concepts (reduced frequency and delayed, summary feedback) that demonstrate increased retention to ambulatory voice monitoring for training nurses to talk softer during work hours. Method: Forty-eight nurses with normal voices wore the Voice Health Monitor (Mehta, Zañartu, Feng, Cheyne, & Hillman, 2012) for 6 days: 3 baseline days, 1 biofeedback day, 1 short-term retention day, and 1 long-term retention day...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329300/personalising-the-decision-for-prolonged-dual-antiplatelet-therapy-development-validation-and-potential-impact-of-prognostic-models-for-cardiovascular-events-and-bleeding-in-myocardial-infarction-survivors
#17
Laura Pasea, Sheng-Chia Chung, Mar Pujades-Rodriguez, Alireza Moayyeri, Spiros Denaxas, Keith A A Fox, Lars Wallentin, Stuart J Pocock, Adam Timmis, Amitava Banerjee, Riyaz Patel, Harry Hemingway
Aims: The aim of this study is to develop models to aid the decision to prolong dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) that requires balancing an individual patient's potential benefits and harms. Methods and results: Using population-based electronic health records (EHRs) (CALIBER, England, 2000-10), of patients evaluated 1 year after acute myocardial infarction (MI), we developed (n = 12 694 patients) and validated (n = 5613) prognostic models for cardiovascular (cardiovascular death, MI or stroke) events and three different bleeding endpoints...
February 27, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329181/treatment-response-in-enteric-fever-in-an-era-of-increasing-antimicrobial-resistance-an-individual-patient-data-analysis-of-2-092-participants-enrolled-into-four-randomised-controlled-trials-in-nepal
#18
Corinne N Thompsom, Abhilasha Karkey, Sabina Dongol, Amit Ariyal, Marcel Wolbers, Thomas Darton, Jeremey J Farrar, Guy E Thwaites, Christiane Dolecek, Buddha Basnyat, Stephen Baker
Background: Enteric fever, caused by Salmonella Typhi and Salmonella Paratyphi A, is the leading cause of bacterial febrile disease in South Asia. Methods: Individual patient data from 2,092 subjects with enteric fever randomised into four trials in Kathmandu, Nepal was pooled. All trials compared gatifloxacin with a comparator drug: cefixime, chloramphenicol, ofloxacin, or ceftriaxone. Treatment outcomes were evaluated according to antimicrobial if S. Typhi/Paratyphi were isolated from blood...
February 28, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329147/a-claims-based-examination-of-health-care-costs-among-spouses-of-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#19
Daniel M Gilden, Joanna M Kubisiak, Kristin Kahle-Wrobleski, Daniel E Ball, Lee Bowman
Background: Spouses of Alzheimer's disease patients (AD spouses) may experience substantial health effects associated with their partner's chronic cognitive and behavioral dysfunction. Studies examining associations between the medical experiences of AD spouses in the period before and after their partner's AD diagnosis are limited, particularly those which measure health care resource use and cost. Methods: AD patients were identified through multiple Medicare claims containing an AD diagnostic code...
March 16, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329140/the-impact-of-frailty-on-patient-centered-outcomes-following-aortic-valve-replacement
#20
Brian R Kotajarvi, Marissa J Schafer, Elizabeth J Atkinson, Megan M Traynor, Charles J Bruce, Kevin L Greason, Rakesh M Suri, Jordan D Miller, Nathan K LeBrasseur
Background: Frailty confers risk for surgical morbidity and mortality. Whether patient-reported measures of health, well-being, or quality of life respond differently to surgery in non-frail and frail individuals is unknown. Methods: Older adults with severe aortic stenosis presenting for surgery were assessed for frailty using Cardiovascular Health Study Criteria. Patient-reported measures of functional capacity (Duke Activity Status Index [DASI]), physical and mental health (Medical Outcomes Study Short Form-Physical and Mental Component Scales [SF-12 PCS and SF-12 MCS, respectively]), well-being (linear analogue self-assessment [LASA]), and quality of life (LASA) were administered before and 3 months after surgery...
March 10, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
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