keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Impact in health

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110501/worldwide-variability-in-growth-and-its-association-with-health-incorporating-body-composition-developmental-plasticity-and-intergenerational-effects
#1
REVIEW
Jonathan C K Wells
In their seminal book "Worldwide variation in human growth," published in 1976, Eveleth and Tanner highlighted substantial variability within and between populations in the magnitude and schedule of human growth. In the four decades since then, research has clarified why growth variability is so closely associated with human health. First, growth patterns are strongly associated with body composition, both in the short- and long-term. Poor growth in early life constrains the acquisition of lean tissue, while compensatory "catch-up" growth may elevate body fatness...
January 22, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110470/thermal-control-weather-and-aging
#2
REVIEW
Alexandra Schneider, Regina Rückerl, Susanne Breitner, Kathrin Wolf, Annette Peters
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to highlight the latest developments in the field of weather and health with a focus on the elderly. The current state of knowledge is summarized and open questions and emerging fields of research are discussed. RECENT FINDINGS: It is expected that climate change will lead to higher global average surface temperatures and more extreme climatic conditions. Previous studies have shown that non-optimal temperatures are associated with increased morbidity and mortality, specifically in elderly people...
January 21, 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110419/patients-trust-in-physician-patient-enablement-and-health-related-quality-of-life-during-colon-cancer-treatment
#3
Nicole Ernstmann, Markus Wirtz, Anika Nitzsche, Sophie E Gross, Lena Ansmann, Tristan D Gloede, Julia Jung, Holger Pfaff, Walter Baumann, Stephan Schmitz, Melanie Neumann
In cancer care, where patients and their families experience significant emotional distress and patients have to deal with complex medical information, patient centeredness is an important aspect of quality of care. The aim of this study is to examine the impact of patients' trust in their oncologists and patients' enablement on changes in health-related quality of life of colon cancer patients during follow-up care. We conducted a prospective study in a representative sample of private practices of German oncologists (N = 44)...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110391/social-media-for-patients-benefits-and-drawbacks
#4
REVIEW
Ivan De Martino, Rocco D'Apolito, Alexander S McLawhorn, Keith A Fehring, Peter K Sculco, Giorgio Gasparini
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Social media is increasingly utilized by patients to educate themselves on a disease process and to find hospital, physicians, and physician networks most capable of treating their condition. However, little is known about quality of the content of the multiple online platforms patients have to communicate with other potential patients and their potential benefits and drawbacks. RECENT FINDINGS: Patients are not passive consumers of health information anymore but are playing an active role in the delivery of health services through an online environment...
January 21, 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110382/economic-evaluations-alongside-efficient-study-designs-using-large-observational-datasets-the-pleasant-trial-case-study
#5
Matthew Franklin, Sarah Davis, Michelle Horspool, Wei Sun Kua, Steven Julious
BACKGROUND: Large observational datasets such as Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) provide opportunities to conduct clinical studies and economic evaluations with efficient designs. OBJECTIVES: Our objectives were to report the economic evaluation methodology for a cluster randomised controlled trial (RCT) of a UK NHS-delivered public health intervention for children with asthma that was evaluated using CPRD and describe the impact of this methodology on results...
January 21, 2017: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110376/the-burdens-concerns-and-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-gastroparesis
#6
Daohai Yu, Frederick V Ramsey, William F Norton, Nancy Norton, Susan Schneck, Tegan Gaetano, Henry P Parkman
AIMS: The impact of gastroparesis on patients from the patient's viewpoint is needed to better address treatment priorities. The aims of this study were to: (1) Delineate burdens and concerns of patients with gastroparesis; (2) investigate specific symptoms contributing to impaired quality of life (QOL) in gastroparesis. METHODS: The International Foundation for Functional GI Disorders gastroparesis survey questionnaire was developed to describe patients' viewpoint about their experience with gastroparesis and included Patient Assessment of Upper GI Symptoms (PAGI-SYM) and SF-36 QOL survey...
January 21, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110287/aspirin-to-inhibit-sepsis-antisepsis-randomised-controlled-trial-protocol
#7
Damon P Eisen, Elizabeth M Moore, Karin Leder, Jessica Lockery, Emma S McBryde, John J McNeil, David Pilcher, Rory Wolfe, Robyn L Woods
INTRODUCTION: Sepsis is a leading global cause of morbidity and mortality, and is more common at the extremes of age. Moreover, the cost of in-hospital care for elderly patients with sepsis is significant. There are indications from experimental and observational studies that aspirin may reduce inflammation associated with infection. This paper describes the rationale and design of the AspiriN To Inhibit SEPSIS (ANTISEPSIS) trial, a substudy of ASPirin in Reducing Events in the Elderly (ASPREE)...
January 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110265/comparative-effectiveness-of-two-disparate-policies-on-child-health-experimental-evidence-from-the-philippines
#8
John W Peabody, Stella Quimbo, Jhiedon Florentino, Riti Shimkhada, Xylee Javier, David Paculdo, Dean Jamison, Orville Solon
BACKGROUND  : Should health systems invest more in access to care by expanding insurance coverage or in health care services including improving the quality of care? Comparing these options experimentally would shed light on the impact and cost-effectiveness of these strategies. METHODS  : The Quality Improvement Demonstration Study (QIDS) was a randomized policy experiment conducted across 30 districts in the Philippines. The study had a control group and two policy intervention groups intended to improve the health of young children...
January 20, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110255/the-impact-of-using-standardized-patients-in-psychiatric-cases-on-the-levels-of-motivation-and-perceived-learning-of-the-nursing-students
#9
Gamze Sarikoc, Celale Tangul Ozcan, Melih Elcin
BACKGROUND: The use of standardized patients is not very common in psychiatric nursing education and there has been no study conducted in Turkey. AIM: This study evaluated the impact of using standardized patients in psychiatric cases on the levels of motivation and perceived learning of the nursing students. DESIGN: This manuscript addressed the quantitative aspect of a doctoral thesis study in which both quantitative and qualitative methods were used...
January 8, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110222/trade-liberalization-and-social-determinants-of-health-a-state-of-the-literature-review
#10
REVIEW
Courtney McNamara
The health impacts of trade liberalization are often described in relation to access to medicines, changing dietary patterns, tobacco use and alcohol consumption. The impacts of trade liberalization on the social determinants of health (SDH), are by contrast, less well known. Missing is an account of how liberalizing processes identified across different research areas relate to each other and how the association between trade liberalization and health is conceptualized within each of them, especially with reference to SDH...
December 26, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110207/the-effect-of-physical-activity-on-depressive-symptoms-and-quality-of-life-among-elderly-nursing-home-residents-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Neslihan Lok, Sefa Lok, Muammer Canbaz
OBJECTIVES: Physical activity may have positive effects on decreasing anxiety, stress and depression, maintaining mental health and ensuring psychological vitality.This study aimed to determine how a "Physical Activity Program" for elderly people in nursing homes affected their depressive symptoms and quality of life. METHODS: We included 80 individuals aged >65years (40 in the intervention group, 40 controls) in this experimental, randomized, controlled pretest-posttest study...
January 16, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110102/transcriptional-profiling-reveals-protective-mechanisms-in-brains-of-long-lived-mice
#12
Christiane Frahm, Akash Srivastava, Silvio Schmidt, Jule Mueller, Marco Groth, Madlen Guenther, Yuanyuan Ji, Steffen Priebe, Matthias Platzer, Otto W Witte
The brain plays a central role in organismal aging but is itself most sensitive to aging-related functional impairments and pathologies. Insights into processes underlying brain aging are the basis to positively impact brain health. Using high-throughput RNA sequencing and quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR), we monitored cerebral gene expression in mice throughout their whole lifespan (2, 9, 15, 24, and 30 months). Differentially expressed genes were clustered in 6 characteristic temporal expression profiles, 3 of which revealed a distinct change between 24 and 30 months, the period when most mice die...
December 27, 2016: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110014/nanosilver-as-a-disinfectant-in-dental-unit-waterlines-assessment-of-the-physicochemical-transformations-of-the-agnps
#13
Alireza Gitipour, Souhail R Al-Abed, Stephen W Thiel, Kirk G Scheckel, Thabet Tolaymat
Dental unit water lines (DUWL) are susceptible to biofilm development and bacterial growth leading to water contamination, causing health and ecological effects. This study monitors the interactions between a commonly used nanosilver disinfectant (ASAP-AGX-32, an antimicrobial cleaner for dental units, 0.0032% Ag) and biofilm development in DUWL. To simulate the disinfection scenario, an in-house DUWL model was assembled and biofilm accumulation was allowed. Subsequent to biofilm development, the disinfection process was performed according to the manufacturer's instructions...
January 12, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110007/human-health-and-ecological-assessment-programs-for-hebei-spirit-oil-spill-accident-of-2007-status-lessons-and-future-challenges
#14
Dawoon Jung, Jung-Ah Kim, Myung-Sook Park, Un Hyuk Yim, Kyungho Choi
Hebei Spirit oil spill (HSOS) of December 2007 is one of the worst oil spill accidents that occurred in Yellow Sea. The affected coastline along the west coast of Korean Peninsula hosts one of the largest tidal flats worldwide, and is home to tens of thousands of human residents. Based on nation-wide concerns on ecosystem damages and adverse human health effects, two separate surveillance programs on ecosystem and human health were initiated: a 10-year follow-up program by Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries to assess ecological impacts of the oil spill, and an exposure and health effect assessment program by Ministry of Environment for the residents of Taean and its vicinity...
January 2, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109890/sunlight-damage-to-cellular-dna-focus-on-oxidatively-generated-lesions
#15
André Passaglia Schuch, Natália Cestari Moreno, Natielen Jacques Schuch, Carlos Frederico Martins Menck, Camila Carrião Machado Garcia
The routine and often unavoidable exposure to solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation makes it one of the most significant environmental DNA-damaging agents to which humans are exposed. Sunlight, specifically UVB and UVA, triggers various types of DNA damage. Although sunlight, mainly UVB, is necessary for the production of vitamin D, which is necessary for human health, DNA damage may have several deleterious consequences, such as cell death, mutagenesis, photoaging and cancer. UVA and UVB photons can be directly absorbed not only by DNA, which results in lesions, but also by the chromophores that are present in skin cells...
January 18, 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109710/univariate-predictors-of-maternal-concentrations-of-environmental-chemicals-the-mirec-study
#16
Antoine Lewin, Tye E Arbuckle, Mandy Fisher, Chun Lei Liang, Leonora Marro, Karelyn Davis, Nadia Abdelouahab, William D Fraser
BACKGROUND: The developing fetus and pregnant woman can be exposed to a variety of environmental chemicals that may adversely affect their health. Moreover, environmental exposure and risk disparities are associated with different social determinants, including socioeconomic status (SES) and demographic indicators. Our aim was to investigate whether and how maternal concentrations of a large panel of persistent and non-persistent environmental chemicals vary according to sociodemographic and lifestyle characteristics in a large pregnancy and birth cohort...
January 16, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109706/cost-effectiveness-of-13-valent-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccination-in-mongolia
#17
Neisha Sundaram, Cynthia Chen, Joanne Yoong, Munkh-Erdene Luvsan, Kimberley Fox, Amarzaya Sarankhuu, Sophie La Vincente, Mark Jit
OBJECTIVE: The Ministry of Health (MOH), Mongolia, is considering introducing 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) in its national immunization programme to prevent the burden of disease caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae. This study evaluates the cost-effectiveness and budget impact of introducing PCV13 compared to no PCV vaccination in Mongolia. METHODS: The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) of introducing PCV13 compared to no PCV vaccination was assessed using an age-stratified static multiple cohort model...
January 18, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109579/reprint-of-neuropsychiatric-symptoms-behavioural-disorders-and-quality-of-life-in-parkinson-s-disease
#18
REVIEW
Roberta Balestrino, Pablo Martinez-Martin
Parkinson's disease is a complex neurodegenerative disorder characterized by motor and non-motor symptoms, with neuropsychiatric manifestations among the most frequent non-motor symptoms. Health-related quality of life is a patient-reported outcome that reflects the impact of the disease on physical, mental, and social wellbeing, and on other aspects of patient' life. Although older studies on health-related quality of life in Parkinson's disease mainly investigated the role of the motor impairment, recent research focused on non-motor symptoms has highlighted the critical role that behavioural disturbances due to neuropsychiatric symptoms play in determining health related quality of life...
January 12, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109499/what-might-parents-read-sorting-webs-of-online-information-on-vascular-anomalies
#19
Kara S Davis, Andrew A McCormick, Noel Jabbour
INTRODUCTION: The internet is increasingly a source of healthcare information utilized by parents, especially in rarer pathologies such as vascular malformations. The quality, validity and thoroughness of these websites is variable and unregulated. The goal of this study was to evaluate the quality and understandability of websites related to vascular malformations. METHODS: The terms "hemangioma", "vascular malformation", and "vascular anomalies" were searched in Google...
February 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109465/racial-disparities-in-oropharyngeal-cancer-survival
#20
Uchechukwu C Megwalu, Yifei Ma
BACKGROUND: Oropharyngeal cancer is an important cause of mortality and morbidity. Several studies have revealed racial disparities in head and neck cancer outcomes. The goal of our study was to evaluate the impact of race on survival in patients with oropharyngeal cancer, using a large population-based cancer database. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study. Data were extracted from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) 18 Database of the National Cancer Institute...
February 2017: Oral Oncology
keyword
keyword
12448
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"