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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926938/uncovering-the-pathogenic-landscape-of-helminth-opisthorchis-viverrini-infections-a-cross-sectional-study-on-contributions-of-physical-and-social-environment-and-healthcare-interventions
#1
Xueyuan Ong, Yi-Chen Wang, Paiboon Sithithaworn, Jutamas Namsanor, David Taylor, Luxana Laithavewat
BACKGROUND: Helminth infections have proven recalcitrant to control by chemotherapy in many parts of Southeast Asia and indeed farther afield. This study isolates and examines the influence of different aspects of the physical and social environment, and uneven intervention effort contributing to the pathogenic landscape of human Opisthorchis viverrini infections. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional survey, involving 632 participants, was conducted in four villages in northeast Thailand to examine the impact on prevalence and parasite burden of the reservoir dam environment, socio-economic, demographic, and behavioral factors, and health center intervention efforts...
December 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926934/public-health-interventions-for-aedes-control-in-the-time-of-zikavirus-a-meta-review-on-effectiveness-of-vector-control-strategies
#2
Maha Bouzid, Julii Brainard, Lee Hooper, Paul R Hunter
BACKGROUND: There is renewed interest in effective measures to control Zika and dengue vectors. A synthesis of published literature with a focus on the quality of evidence is warranted to determine the effectiveness of vector control strategies. METHODOLOGY: We conducted a meta-review assessing the effectiveness of any Aedes control measure. We searched Scopus and Medline for relevant reviews through to May 2016. Titles, abstracts and full texts were assessed independently for inclusion by two authors...
December 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926921/schistosoma-mansoni-infection-can-jeopardize-the-duration-of-protective-levels-of-antibody-responses-to-immunizations-against-hepatitis-b-and-tetanus-toxoid
#3
Diana K Riner, Eric M Ndombi, Jennifer M Carter, Amos Omondi, Nupur Kittur, Emmy Kavere, Harrison K Korir, Briana Flaherty, Diana Karanja, Daniel G Colley
BACKGROUND: Schistosomiasis is a disease of major public health importance in sub-Saharan Africa. Immunoregulation begins early in schistosome infection and is characterized by hyporesponsiveness to parasite and bystander antigens, suggesting that a schistosome infection at the time of immunization could negatively impact the induction of protective vaccine responses. This study examined whether having a Schistosoma mansoni infection at the time of immunization with hepatitis B and tetanus toxoid (TT) vaccines impacts an individual's ability to achieve and maintain protective antibody levels against hepatitis B surface antigen or TT...
December 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926914/comorbidities-in-turkish-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-association-with-the-health-related-quality-of-life-in-terms-of-disease-activity-functional-and-radiological-status-severity-of-pain-and-social-and-emotional-functioning
#4
Yesim Garip, Filiz Eser, Hatice Bodur
AIMS: The aim of our study was to investigate the comorbidities in Turkish RA patients and evaluate the impact of comorbidities on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in terms of disease activity, functional and radiological status, severity of pain, and social and emotional functioning. METHODS: In a cross-sectional setting, a total of 160 RA patients who were admitted to our outpatient clinic between December 2013 and February 2014 were consecutively enrolled in the study...
November 23, 2016: Acta Reumatológica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926810/analysis-of-changes-in-cancer-health-care-system-in-poland-since-the-socio-economic-transformation-in-1989
#5
Dorota Dudek-Godeau, Anna Kieszkowska-Grudny, Katarzyna Kwiatkowska, Joanna Bogusz, Mirosław J Wysocki, Magdalena Bielska-Lasota
Background: The transformation period in Poland is associated with a set of factors seen as ‘socio-economic stress’, which unfavourably influenced cancer treatment and slowed down the progress of the Polish cancer care in the 90’s. These outcomes in many aspects of cancer care may be experienced till today. The results of the international EUROCARE and CONCORD studies based on European data prove evidence that there is a substantial potential for improvement of low 5-year survival rates in Poland...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926807/evaluation-of-a-national-e-mentoring-program-for-ethnically-diverse-student-nurse-midwives-and-student-midwives
#6
Maria Valentin-Welch
INTRODUCTION: The US racial profile is changing rapidly, yet the nursing and midwifery professions are not evolving accordingly. The lack of racial and ethnic diversity within these health professions negatively affects efforts to eliminate persistent health disparities. To address this issue, the Midwives of Color Committee (MOCC) of the American College of Nurse-Midwives (ACNM) created a national online mentoring program in 2011 to support midwifery students of color. An evaluation of the program is reported here...
November 2016: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926804/the-impact-of-racism-and-midwifery-s-lack-of-racial-diversity-a-literature-review
#7
REVIEW
Jyesha Wren Serbin, Elizabeth Donnelly
INTRODUCTION: The United States is increasingly racially diverse. Racial disparities in maternal-child health persist. Despite national calls for workforce diversification, more than 90% of certified nurse-midwives are white. This systematic review examines how racism and midwifery's lack of racial diversity impact both midwives and their patients. METHODS: Databases were searched in January 2016 for studies that explored 1) racially concordant or racially discordant maternity care provided, at least in part, by midwives; 2) women of color's experience of race and discrimination in maternity care provided, at least in part, by midwives; and 3) midwives of color's experience of race and discrimination in clinical, educational, and/or professional settings...
November 2016: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926681/influence-of-immediate-and-delayed-lower-limb-amputation-compared-with-lower-limb-salvage-on-functional-and-mental-health-outcomes-post-rehabilitation-in-the-u-k-military
#8
Peter Ladlow, Rhodri Phillip, Russell Coppack, John Etherington, James Bilzon, M Polly McGuigan, Alexander N Bennett
BACKGROUND: Medical practitioners face difficult decisions over whether to amputate or to salvage a lower limb that has undergone trauma. To our knowledge, there has been little evidence reporting the impact of different surgical decisions on functional and mental health outcomes following intensive rehabilitation that might inform decision-making. METHODS: This study is a retrospective, independent-group comparison of rehabilitation outcomes from a U.K. military complex trauma rehabilitation center...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926583/evaluation-of-the-financial-and-health-burden-of-infants-at-risk-for-respiratory-syncytial-virus
#9
Stephanie McCallum Blake, David Tanaka, Lisa M Bendz, Suzanne Staebler, Debra Brandon
BACKGROUND: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the leading viral cause of death in infants younger than 1 year. In July 2014, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Committee on Infectious Diseases concluded that the "limited clinical benefit" for infants born at more than 29 weeks' gestation, together with the associated high cost of the immunoprophylaxis, no longer supported the routine use of palivizumab (Synagis). PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of the newly adopted AAP palivizumab prophylaxis administration on health and subsequent hospital costs of infants born between 29 and less than 32 weeks' gestation...
December 6, 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926443/applied-economics-the-use-of-monetary-incentives-to-modulate-behavior
#10
S Strang, S Q Park, T Strombach, P Kenning
According to standard economic theory higher monetary incentives will lead to higher performance and higher effort independent of task, context, or individual. In many contexts this standard economic advice is implemented. Monetary incentives are, for example, used to enhance performance at workplace or to increase health-related behavior. However, the fundamental positive impact of monetary incentives has been questioned by psychologists as well as behavioral economists during the last decade, arguing that monetary incentives can sometimes even backfire...
2016: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926432/pathogen-and-particle-associations-in-wastewater-significance-and-implications-for-treatment-and-disinfection-processes
#11
C Chahal, B van den Akker, F Young, C Franco, J Blackbeard, P Monis
Disinfection guidelines exist for pathogen inactivation in potable water and recycled water, but wastewater with high numbers of particles can be more difficult to disinfect, making compliance with the guidelines problematic. Disinfection guidelines specify that drinking water with turbidity ≥1 Nephelometric Turbidity Units (NTU) is not suitable for disinfection and therefore not fit for purpose. Treated wastewater typically has higher concentrations of particles (1-10NTU for secondary treated effluent). Two processes widely used for disinfecting wastewater are chlorination and ultraviolet radiation...
2016: Advances in Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926354/the-experience-of-women-carriers-of-brca-mutations-following-risk-reducing-surgery-a-cultural-perspective
#12
Chaya Possick, Michal Mahat-Shamir
In this qualitative study we examine the experience of 13 Jewish Israeli women carriers of BRCA mutations following risk-reducing surgery. Thematic analysis of in-depth, semi-structured interview texts yielded three themes: 1. dialectic of vulnerability and control, 2. presentation of self as a "normal" woman, and 3. genetic chain of negative life events and guilt. Aspects of Israeli culture impacting participants' experiences are: personal and collective responsibility, the shift towards consumerism and pro-natal ideology...
December 7, 2016: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925856/clinical-and-economic-impact-of-herpes-zoster-vaccination-in-elderly-in-italy
#13
Sara Boccalini, Cristiano Alicino, Domenico Martinelli, Angela Bechini, Emilia Tiscione, Barbara Pellizzari, Rosa Prato, Giancarlo Icardi, Stefania Iannazzo, Paolo Bonanni
Herpes zoster (HZ) is a very relevant pathology among elderly people (≥ 60 years of age), with a considerable disease burden and loss of quality of life. In the last years a new vaccine against HZ became available in Italy. Therefore, the Italian decision makers are now confronted with the decision whether that vaccination should be implemented. Pharmaco-economic analyses represent useful tools to value the feasibility of new immunization programs and their sustainability. To this aim, an ad hoc population model was developed in order to value the clinical and economic impact of HZ vaccination program for the elderly in Italy...
December 7, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925845/economic-studies-applied-to-vaccines-against-invasive-diseases-an-updated-budget-impact-analysis-of-age-based-pneumococcal-vaccination-strategies-in-the-elderly-in-italy
#14
Sara Boccalini, Angela Bechini, Roberto Gasparini, Donatella Panatto, Daniela Amicizia, Paolo Bonanni
Many evaluations have been carried out on the economic impact of pneumococcal vaccination in older adults (>64 years of age) in several countries, including Italy. However, these studies did not include the new data on the effectiveness of 13-valent conjugate pneumococcal vaccine (PCV13) in the elderly reported by the CAPiTA Study. The aim of the present study was to update our previous budget impact analysis of multi-cohort PCV13 vaccination in adults in Italy by including new scientific evidence. We also compared single-cohort vaccination strategies per year, in order to identify the cohort with the most favourable economic profile, in the event of the multi-cohort approach not being economically sustainable for the National Health System (NHS)...
December 7, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925772/which-domain-of-the-psy-5-is-most-relevant-to-substance-use
#15
William T Bryant, John L McNulty
Substance use has generally been related to lower levels of agreeableness and conscientiousness, but has evidenced relationships with other personality trait domains as well, including impulsivity. This study was conducted to determine which trait domain of personality is most related to substance use from the perspective of the Personality Psychopathology Five model (Harkness & McNulty, 1994 ). Archival data were used from 2 clinical settings: 1 outpatient community mental health center and 1 inpatient Veteran's Affairs hospital...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925484/risk-factors-associated-with-repeated-hiv-testing-among-internet-using-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#16
Brent A Johnson, Jennie McKenney, Alexandra V Ricca, Eli S Rosenberg, Chang Liu, Akshay Sharma, Patrick S Sullivan
: Men who have sex with men (MSM) represent a disproportionately impacted risk group for HIV incidence among at-risk U.S. POPULATIONS: Few studies have identified risk factors associated with HIV testing frequency both within and outside of traditional health care settings. MSM enrolled in a prospective cohort were mailed at-home specimen collection kits and followed for a year. Incidence density rate ratios (IDRR) of testing were calculated, and generalized estimating equations were used to analyze the association between HIV testing and behavioral factors...
December 2016: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925479/psychological-adjustment-to-craniofacial-conditions-excluding-oral-clefts-a-review-of-the-literature
#17
Kristin Billaud Feragen, Nicola Marie Stock
OBJECTIVE: A congenital craniofacial anomaly (CFA) is expected to impact upon several domains of psychological, emotional and social functioning, yet no recent reviews have comprehensively summarised the available literature. Further, existing reviews tend to draw upon literature in the field of cleft lip and palate, and do not give substantive attention to other types of CFAs. DESIGN: A review of 41 papers published between January 2000 and March 2016 pertaining to psychological adjustment to CFAs...
December 7, 2016: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925426/the-impact-of-home-fortification-with-multiple-micronutrient-powder-on-vitamin-a-status-in-young-children-a-multicenter-pragmatic-controlled-trial-in-brazil
#18
Lara Livia Santos Silva, Rosângela Aparecida Augusto, Daniela Cardoso Tietzmann, Leopoldina Augusta Souza Sequeira, Maria Claret Costa Monteiro Hadler, Pascoal Torres Muniz, Pedro Israel Cabral de Lira, Marly Augusto Cardoso
Home fortification with multiple micronutrient powder (MNP) is effective in the prevention of anemia in young children. However, the impact on their vitamin A status remains controversial. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of MNP on vitamin A status in young Brazilian children. A multicenter pragmatic, controlled trial was carried out in primary health centers in four Brazilian cities. In the beginning of the study, the control group (CG) consisted of children 11-14 months old (n = 395) attending in routine pediatric health care...
December 7, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925382/moving-beyond-not-enough-time-factors-influencing-paediatric-clinicians-participation-in-research
#19
Simon Paul Paget, Patrina Hy Caldwell, Joyce Murphy, Kimberley J Lilischkis, Angie M Morrow
BACKGROUND: Increasing the amount of clinical research that occurs in healthcare settings has been identified as an important mechanism to improve healthcare outcomes. While clinicians are key persons in achieving this aim, research participation amongst clinicians is generally limited. AIMS: To identify the factors (barriers and facilitators) influencing clinician research participation and determine how professional culture impacts on these factors. METHODS: Forty clinicians working at a tertiary children's hospital participated in six discipline-specific focus groups...
December 7, 2016: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925295/parents-perceptions-are-that-their-child-s-health-related-quality-of-life-is-more-impaired-when-they-have-a-wheat-rather-than-a-grass-allergy
#20
Nora Borres, Nora Nilsson, Isabel Drake, Sigrid Sjölander, Caroline Nilsson, Gunilla Hedlin, Björn Nordlund
AIM: It is unknown whether food allergies have greater impact on quality of life than respiratory allergies. This study compared health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in children allergic to wheat or grass. METHODS: We surveyed 63 children with wheat allergies (median age of five) and 72 with grass allergies (median age 12), with their parents. The Child Health Questionnaires for parents (CHQ-PF28) and children (CHQ-CF87) were applied. RESULTS: The parents of children in the wheat group recorded significantly lower CHQ-PF28 scores for the impact of their child's allergy on general behaviour, general health perceptions, parental impact of emotions and time and family activities, than the parents of children with grass allergies (p values <0...
December 7, 2016: Acta Paediatrica
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