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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793140/effectiveness-of-a-voluntary-family-befriending-service-a-mixed-methods-evaluation-using-the-donabedian-model
#1
S V Gentry, E F J Powers, N Azim, M Maidrag
OBJECTIVES: Voluntary befriending schemes operate in many countries, promoting public health by supporting vulnerable individuals and families. Use of third sector and voluntary services to complement health and social care provision is increasingly important globally in the context of economic and demographic challenges, but the evidence base around such collaborations is limited. This article reports the results of operational evaluation research seeking to use robust routine work to generate transferable findings for use by those commissioning and providing services...
May 21, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793064/industrial-waste-as-a-source-of-surface-and-groundwater-pollution-for-more-than-half-a-century-in-a-sector-of-the-r%C3%A3-o-de-la-plata-coastal-plain-argentina
#2
Lucía Santucci, Eleonora Carol, Carolina Tanjal
Environmental liabilities have become one of the most important problems of the last years, especially those of contaminated sites located in urban areas which have been abandoned by pollution intensive industries. Such sites may contain hazardous materials that pose risks to human health and the environment. Industrial waste from the ancient sulfuric acid industry is scattered in a local area at the petrochemical pole in a sector of the Río de la Plata coastal plain. The aim of this work is to define the geochemical processes that determine the alteration of waste in the old sulfuric acid industry (OSAI) area and to study the migration of soluble pollutants to groundwater...
May 14, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793050/small-scale-managed-marine-areas-over-time-developments-and-challenges-in-a-local-fijian-reef-fishery
#3
Elodie Fache, Annette Breckwoldt
This paper investigates the Locally Managed Marine Area (LMMA) approach through looking at developments and challenges of community-based marine resource management over time, with a particular focus on Fiji in the South Pacific region. A diachronic perspective, based on two multi-method empirical studies, is used to exemplify the social complexities of the implementation of this LMMA approach in a specific island setting. This perspective connects local stakeholders' establishment and management of a LMMA covering their entire customary fishing rights area (iqoliqoli) with the national context articulated around the Fiji Locally Managed Marine Area (FLMMA) network, as well as with regional networking and international conservation dynamics...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792765/exploring-the-relationship-between-volunteering-and-hospice-sustainability-in-the-uk-a-theoretical-model
#4
Ros Scott, Divya Jindal-Snape, Gaye Manwaring
AIM: To explore the relationship between volunteering and the sustainability of UK voluntary hospices. METHODS: A narrative literature review was conducted to inform the development of a theoretical model. Eight databases were searched: CINAHL (EBSCO), British Nursing Index, Intute: Health and Life Sciences, ERIC, SCOPUS, ASSIA (CSA), Cochrane Library and Google Scholar. RESULTS: A total of 90 documents were analysed. Emerging themes included the importance of volunteering to the hospice economy and workforce, the quality of services, and public and community support...
May 2, 2018: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792555/vaccine-hesitancy-among-caregivers-and-association-with-childhood-vaccination-timeliness-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#5
Nina B Masters, Yemesrach A Tefera, Abram L Wagner, Matthew L Boulton
INTRODUCTION: Vaccines are vital to reducing childhood mortality, and prevent an estimated 2 to 3 million deaths annually which disproportionately occur in the developing world. Overall vaccine coverage is typically used as a metric to evaluate the adequacy of vaccine program performance, though it does not account for untimely administration, which may unnecessarily prolong children's susceptibility to disease. This study explored a hypothesized positive association between increasing vaccine hesitancy and untimeliness of immunizations administered under the Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia...
May 24, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792516/budget-impact-of-adding-lesinurad-for-second-line-treatment-of-gout-a-us-health-plan-perspective
#6
Robert W Klein, Shaum Kabadi, Frank N Cinfio, Christopher A Bly, Douglas Ca Taylor, Keith A Szymanski
AIM: Estimate budget impact of adopting lesinurad as add-on to allopurinol for urate-lowering therapy in gout. METHODS: A budget impact model was developed for a US payer perspective, using a Markov model to estimate costs, survival and discontinuation in a one-million-member health plan. The population included patients failing first-line gout therapy, followed for 5 years. RESULTS: Incremental costs of adding lesinurad versus no lesinurad were US$241,907 and US$1,098,220 in first and fifth years, respectively...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792477/psychological-adjustment-in-spanish-young-adult-domestic-adoptees-mental-health-and-licit-substance-consumption
#7
Yolanda Sánchez-Sandoval, Sandra Melero
Although adoptive families have been shown to provide a protective context for human development, some adopted children and adolescents are at increased risk for psychological adjustment problems. On the other hand, little is known about psychological adjustment of young adult adoptees. The aim of this study is to analyze the mental health and legal substance consumption (tobacco and alcohol) of young adults (n = 134) who were domestically adopted by Spanish families. Young adults showed significantly worse scores on the Symptom Check-List-90-R (Derogatis, 1975) and also more substance use than did the Spanish general population, but fewer difficulties than did the clinical population...
May 24, 2018: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792465/team-development-interventions-evidence-based-approaches-for-improving-teamwork
#8
Christina N Lacerenza, Shannon L Marlow, Scott I Tannenbaum, Eduardo Salas
The rate of teamwork and collaboration within the workforce has burgeoned over the years, and the use of teams is projected to continue increasing. With the rise of teamwork comes the need for interventions designed to enhance teamwork effectiveness. Successful teams produce desired outcomes; however, it is critical that team members demonstrate effective processes to achieve these outcomes. Team development interventions (TDIs) increase effective team competencies and processes, thereby leading to improvements in proximal and distal outcomes...
May 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792461/teamwork-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#9
Jennifer N Ervin, Jeremy M Kahn, Taya R Cohen, Laurie R Weingart
Intensive care units (ICUs) provide care to the most severely ill hospitalized patients. Although ICUs increasingly rely on interprofessional teams to provide critical care, little about actual teamwork in this context is well understood. The ICU team is typically comprised of physicians or intensivists, clinical pharmacists, respiratory therapists, dieticians, bedside nurses, clinical psychologists, and clinicians-in-training. ICU teams are distinguished from other health care teams in that they are low in temporal stability, which can impede important team dynamics...
May 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792460/the-complexity-diversity-and-science-of-primary-care-teams
#10
Kevin Fiscella, Susan H McDaniel
This article examines the past, present and future of primary care and teamwork. It begins with a definition and description of primary care-its uniqueness, diversity and complexity, including the historical role of teams within primary care. The article then reviews the emergence of innovative primary care teams, including those grounded in new processes such as the Patient-Centered Medical Home and interprofessional teams that include new types of health professionals, particularly psychologists and other integrated behavioral health clinicians...
May 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792295/supply-and-demand-in-mhealth-apps-for-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis-systematic-search-in-app-stores-and-scoping-literature-review
#11
REVIEW
Guido Giunti, Estefanía Guisado Fernández, Enrique Dorronzoro Zubiete, Octavio Rivera Romero
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a non-curable chronic inflammatory disease of the central nervous system that affects more than 2 million people worldwide. MS-related symptoms impact negatively on the quality of life of persons with MS, who need to be active in the management of their health. mHealth apps could support these patient groups by offering useful tools, providing reliable information, and monitoring symptoms. A previous study from this group identified needs, barriers, and facilitators for the use of mHealth solutions among persons with MS...
May 23, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792293/recruitment-and-participation-of-recreational-runners-in-a-large-epidemiological-and-genetic-research-study-retrospective-data-analysis
#12
Silvia Manzanero, Maria Kozlovskaia, Nicole Vlahovich, David C Hughes
BACKGROUND: With the increasing capacity for remote collection of both data and samples for medical research, a thorough assessment is needed to determine the association of population characteristics and recruitment methodologies with response rates. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this research was to assess population representativeness in a two-stage study of health and injury in recreational runners, which consisted of an epidemiological arm and genetic analysis. METHODS: The cost and success of various classical and internet-based methods were analyzed, and demographic representativeness was assessed for recruitment to the epidemiological survey, reported willingness to participate in the genetic arm of the study, actual participation, sample return, and approval for biobank storage...
May 23, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792255/effectiveness-of-adolescent-peer-education-programs-on-reducing-hiv-sti-risk-an-integrated-review
#13
Ganga Mahat, Mary Ann Scoloveno
There is empirical evidence suggesting that peer education is efficacious in changing adolescent sexual risk behaviors; however, it is unclear if there are similarities in outcomes across studies. Thus, the purpose of this review was to synthesize published research on peer-led HIV/STI intervention programs for adolescents in an effort to determine the efficacy of peer education on knowledge, attitudes, normative beliefs, and sexual behavior. Data collection included online searches of published research from Index Medicus (Medline), Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC), Educational Index, and PsycINFO (including PsycARTICLES) from 2000 to 2016...
May 1, 2018: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792253/genocide-rape-trauma-a-conceptual-framework-for-understanding-the-psychological-suffering-of-rwandan-survivors
#14
Donatilla Mukamana, Anthony Collins, William E Rosa
In 1994, the Rwandan genocide claimed the lives of approximately 1 million Tutsi and moderate Hutu citizens. Systematic rape was a strategic component of the Hutu extremist plan to eradicate the Tutsi minority population. This involved collective and repeated sexual assaults with brutal violence, public humiliation, and torture. This article maps the ongoing psychological impact on Rwandan genocide rape survivors and identifies implications for international nursing practice. The research formalizes their narratives, identifying a number of interconnected elements that combine to produce myriad forms of chronic psychological suffering in the Rwandan context...
May 1, 2018: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792240/posttraumatic-stress-depression-and-coping-following-the-2015-nepal-earthquake-a-study-on-adolescents
#15
Asmita Sharma, Nilamadhab Kar
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to gather data on posttraumatic stress and depression in adolescents following the 2015 Nepal earthquake and explore the adolescents' coping strategies. METHODS: In a questionnaire-based, cross-sectional study about 1 year after the earthquake, adolescents in two districts with different degrees of impact were evaluated for disaster experience, coping strategies, and symptoms of posttraumatic stress and depression measured with the Child Posttraumatic Stress Scale and the Depression Self Rating Scale...
May 24, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792188/health-related-quality-of-life-in-multiple-sclerosis-temperament-outweighs-edss
#16
S Salhofer-Polanyi, F Friedrich, S Löffler, P S Rommer, A Gleiss, R Engelmaier, F Leutmezer, B Vyssoki
BACKGROUND: The influence of personality on health-related quality of life in patients with multiple sclerosis has been the focus of previous studies showing that introversion and neuroticism were related with reduced health related quality of life. However, no data exist on the impact of temperament on quality of life in this patient group. METHODS: Between April 2014 and March 2016 139 multiple sclerosis patients were recruited from a specialized outpatient clinic of the general hospital of Vienna...
May 23, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792180/screening-for-congenital-fetal-anomalies-in-low-risk-pregnancy-the-kenyatta-national-hospital-experience
#17
Callen Kwamboka Onyambu, Norah Mukiri Tharamba
BACKGROUND: Congenital malformations contribute significantly to the disease burden among children globally. A study conducted in Kenya on understanding the burden of surgical congenital anomalies, highlights the need for Kenyan health systems to go beyond the medical dimensions of illness. This could be achieved by linking knowledge of the severe congenital anomalies (CAs) and their impact of varying disability to the delivery of local health services and public health program planning...
May 23, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792074/lessons-learned-conducting-a-multi-center-trial-with-a-military-population-the-tinnitus-retraining-therapy-trial
#18
Roberta W Scherer, Leonora D Sensinger, Benigno Sierra-Irizarry, Craig Formby
Background The Tinnitus Retraining Therapy Trial (TRTT), a randomized, placebo-controlled, multi-center trial, evaluated the efficacy of tinnitus retraining therapy and its individual components, tinnitus-specific educational counseling and sound therapy versus the standard of care, in military practice to improve study participants' quality of life. The trial was conducted at six US military hospitals to take advantage of the greater prevalence of tinnitus in the military population. Methods During the trial, various challenges arose that were uniquely related to the military setting...
May 1, 2018: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792069/maternal-nutrition-and-the-developmental-origins-of-osteoporosis-in-offspring-potential-mechanisms-and-clinical-implications
#19
Jia Zheng, Qianyun Feng, Sheng Zheng, Xinhua Xiao
Osteoporosis, the most frequent metabolic disorder of bone, is a complex disease with a multifactorial origin that is influenced by genes and environments. However, the pathogenesis of osteoporosis has not been fully elucidated. The theory of "Developmental Origins of Health and Disease" indicates that early life environment exposure determines the risks of cardiometabolic diseases in adulthood. However, investigations into the effects of maternal nutrition and nutrition exposure during early life on the development of osteoporosis are limited...
January 1, 2018: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791959/sarcopenia-beyond-muscle-atrophy-and-into-the-new-frontiers-of-opportunistic-imaging-precision-medicine-and-machine-learning
#20
Leon Lenchik, Robert D Boutin
As populations continue to age worldwide, the impact of sarcopenia on public health will continue to grow. The clinically relevant and increasingly common diagnosis of sarcopenia is at the confluence of three tectonic shifts in medicine: opportunistic imaging, precision medicine, and machine learning. This review focuses on the state-of-the-art imaging of sarcopenia and provides context for such imaging by discussing the epidemiology, pathophysiology, consequences, and future directions in the field of sarcopenia...
July 2018: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
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