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Sergio Loaiza, Sonia Carvajal, Daniel Giraldo, Astrid Galvis, Leon Ortiz
OBJECTIVES: Advances in therapeutic schemes for High Grade Gliomas, such as the introduction of Stupp protocol, have raised interest in elucidating its effects on quality of life and cognitive function. This study aims to examine executive functions, memory and attention in patients with High Grade Gliomas, before initiation and after completion of Stupp protocol. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A before-after study was executed. Patients were selected from a consecutive sample of subjects with High Grade Gliomas who had not initiated Stupp protocol...
May 23, 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
D Marazziti, A Piccinni, F Mucci, S Baroni, K Loganovsky, T Loganovskaja
Recently, an increasing interest has been directed towards the investigation of brain effects of ionizing radiation (IR), as it is now evident that, depending on the doses, the damages character and severity, as well as clinical man ifestations are different. They are generally considered to be the result of a blending of atherosclerotic, cardiovas cular, cerebrovascular and neurodegenerative processes. Further, an ongoing debate has been opened on the pos sible brain abnormalities following medical radiation from X ray in interventional radiology and nuclear medicine procedures that would involve both patients and medical workers...
December 2016: Problemy Radiat︠s︡iĭnoï Medyt︠s︡yny Ta Radiobiolohiï
Carlos Edgardo Rodríguez-Angarita, Rafael Mauricio Sanabria-Arenas, Juan Diego Vargas-Jaramillo, Izcay Ronderos-Botero
BACKGROUND: Growth of the elderly population is linked to the increase of comorbid conditions such as chronic kidney disease (CKD), depression, and cognitive impairment (CI). Cognitive impairment can vary from minimal deficits in the normal aging, to mild cognitive impairment with a prevalence ranging from 1 to 29 % in people ≥ 65 years of age, up to severe impairment with a prevalence of 6 to 42 %. The CI induced by depression usually affects the functional performance of the elderly...
2016: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
Jacqueline Abrisqueta-Gomez, Feggy Ostrosky-Solis, Paulo H F Bertolucci, Orlando F A Bueno
NEUROPSI is a brief neuropsychologic battery developed to briefly assess a wide spectrum of cognitive functions. The aim of this study was to examine the applicability of a Portuguese version of this battery and verify the efficacy in detecting cognitive impairment in Alzheimer disease (AD) patients. NEUROPSI was applied to 75 elderly people, 25 patients with probable AD in mild stage (AD1), 25 patients in moderate stage (AD2), and 25 healthy elderly persons (control group), matched with the AD patients for age and schooling...
January 2008: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders
Feggy Ostrosky-Solis, Ma Esther Gomez-Perez, Esmeralda Matute, Monica Rosselli, Alfredo Ardila, David Pineda
Health care professionals are now faced with a growing number of patients from different ethnic groups, and from different socioeconomical backgrounds. In the field of neuropsychology there is an increasing need of reliable and culturally fair assessment measures. Spanish is the official language in more than 20 countries and the second most spoken language in the world. The purpose of this research was to develop and standardize the neuropsychological battery NEUROPSI ATTENTION AND MEMORY, designed to assess orientation, attention and concentration, executive functions, working memory and immediate and delayed verbal and visual memory...
2007: Applied Neuropsychology
Esther Gómez-Pérez, Feggy Ostrosky-Solís
The developmental sequences of attention and memory were studied by utilizing normative data derived from the neuropsychological battery named NEUROPSI ATTENTION AND MEMORY. A sample of 521 Spanish-speaking individuals, aged 6 to 85 years, participated in this study. In the adult sample, educational level ranged from 0 to 22 years of education. Data from subtests measuring orientation, attention and concentration, executive functions, working memory, immediate and delayed verbal memory, and immediate and delayed visual memory were included...
May 2006: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
Ricardo Nitrini, Paulo Caramelli, Cássio Machado de Campos Bottino, Benito Pereira Damasceno, Sonia Maria Dozzi Brucki, Renato Anghinah et al.
The educational and cultural heterogeneity of the Brazilian population leads to peculiar characteristics regarding the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). This consensus had the objective of recommending evidence-based guidelines for the clinical diagnosis of AD in Brazil. Studies on the diagnosis of AD published in Brazil were systematically evaluated in a thorough research of PUBMED and LILACS databases. For global cognitive evaluation, the Mini-Mental State Examination was recommended; for memory evaluation: delayed recall subtest of CERAD or of objects presented as drawings; attention: trail-making or digit-span; language: Boston naming, naming test from ADAS-Cog or NEUROPSI; executive functions: verbal fluency or clock-drawing; conceptualization and abstraction: similarities from CAMDEX or NEUROPSI; construction: drawings from CERAD...
September 2005: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
H L Hilda Picasso, F Ostrosky, H Nicolini
INTRODUCTION: Cognitive impairment is a prominent feature of schizophrenia that correlates with functional outcome. In the clinical practice and research, there is a need to count on brief, reliable and standardized instruments to evaluate the cognitive profile in psychiatric, geriatric and neurological patients. There are only a few standardized and validated instruments with the Hispanic population, so the adaptation and validation of instruments become a high relevance issue. The Brief Neuropsychological Test in Spanish (NEUROPSI) is a brief neuropsychological battery evaluating a wide spectrum of cognitive functions and standardized with Spanish speaking population according to age and educational level...
March 2005: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
F Ostrosky-Solis, A Ardila, M Rosselli, G Lopez-Arango, V Uriel-Mendoza
The purpose of this study was to further analyze the effects of education across different age ranges on neuropsychological test performance. Two different analyses were performed. The first analysis was conducted in order to pinpoint the impact of school attendance on neuropsychological testing. A group of 64 illiterate normal subjects was selected in the Mexican Republic. Their performance was compared with two barely schooled control groups (1-2 and 3-4 years of schooling). The subjects' ages ranged from 16 to 85 years...
October 1998: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
A Ardila, F Ostrosky-Solis, M Rosselli, C Gómez
The purpose of this study was to further analyze the effects of education on cognitive decline during normal aging. An 806-subject sample was taken from five different Mexican regions. Participants ranged in age from 16 to 85 years. Subjects were grouped into four educational levels: illiterate, 1-4, 5-9, and 10 or more years of education, and four age ranges: 16-30, 31-50, 51-65, and 66-85 years. A brief neuropsychological test battery (NEUROPSI), standardized and normalized in Spanish, was administered. The NEUROPSI test battery includes assessment of orientation, attention, memory, language, visuoperceptual abilities, motor skills, and executive functions...
August 2000: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1962: American Journal of Psychiatry
Hassan Safi, Bobby J Gormus, Peter J Didier, James L Blanchard, David L Lakey, Louis N Martin, Micheal Murphey-Corb, Ramakrishna Vankayalapati, Peter F Barnes
To characterize the manifestations of coinfection with M. tuberculosis and SIV infection, we studied 12 SIV-infected rhesus monkeys, six of which were infected intrabronchially with a low dose of Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv. In the six coinfected animals, M. tuberculosis antigen-stimulated lung and blood cells produced high concentrations of IFN-gamma but not IL-4 8-16 weeks after infection. Of the three coinfected animals with high levels of plasma viremia, two developed disseminated tuberculosis and the other died of bacterial peritonitis...
July 2003: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
F Ostrosky-Solis, V U Mendoza, A Ardila
Arterial hypertension represents a risk factor for cerebrovascular disease. It has been hypothesized that chronic hypertension may eventually result in small subcortical infarcts associated with some cognitive impairments. One hundred fourteen patients with primary systemic hypertension (PSH) and 114 matched subjects were selected. PSH patients were further divided in four groups depending upon the hypertension severity. In addition to the medical and laboratory exams, a neuropsychological evaluation was administered...
2001: International Journal of Neuroscience
A Ardila, F Ostrosky-Solis, V U Mendoza
Departing from the observation that illiterates significantly underscore in some neuropsychological tests, a learning-to-read method named NEUROALFA was developed. NEUROALFA is directed to reinforce these underscored abilities during the learning-to-read process. It was administered to a sample of 21 adult illiterates in Colima (Mexico). Results were compared with 2 control groups using more traditional procedures in learning to read. The NEUROPSI neuropsychological test battery was administered to all the participants before and after completing the learning-to-read training program...
November 2000: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
F Ostrosky-Solís, A Ardila, M Rosselli
The purpose of this research was to develop, standardize, and test the reliability of a short neuropsychological test battery in the Spanish language. This neuropsychological battery was named "NEUROPSI," and was developed to assess briefly a wide spectrum of cognitive functions, including orientation, attention, memory, language, visuoperceptual abilities, and executive functions. The NEUROPSI includes items that are relevant for Spanish-speaking communities. It can be applied to illiterates and low educational groups...
July 1999: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
J L Cummings
OBJECTIVE: This synthetic review was performed to demonstrate the utility of frontal-subcortical circuits in the explanation of a wide range of human behavioral disorders. DATA SOURCES: Reports of patients with degenerative disorders or focal lesions involving frontal lobe or linked subcortical structures were chosen from the English literature. Individual case reports and group investigations from peer-reviewed journals were evaluated. STUDY SELECTION: Studies were included if they described patient behavior in detail or reported pertinent neuropsy-chological findings and had compelling evidence of a disorder affecting frontal-subcortical circuits...
August 1993: Archives of Neurology
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