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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745791/the-correlation-between-cognitive-impairment-and-ambulatory-blood-pressure-in-patients-with-cerebral-small-vessel-disease
#1
X-F Li, L-M Cui, D-K Sun, H-T Wang, W-G Liu
OBJECTIVE: The present study was aimed to analyze the correlation between cognitive impairment and ambulatory blood pressure in patients with cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: 108 patients with CSVD received in our hospital were selected. Assessment of cognitive impairment was by the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA). 39 cases were established as the impairment group and 69 cases were established as the normal group. 24 h ambulatory blood pressure was monitored, and changes in ambulatory blood pressure parameters between the two groups were compared...
July 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739354/recommendations-of-the-brazilian-society-of-rheumatology-for-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-chikungunya-fever-part-2-treatment
#2
Claudia Diniz Lopes Marques, Angela Luzia Branco Pinto Duarte, Aline Ranzolin, Andrea Tavares Dantas, Nara Gualberto Cavalcanti, Rafaela Silva Guimarães Gonçalves, Laurindo Ferreira da Rocha Junior, Lilian David de Azevedo Valadares, Ana Karla Guedes de Melo, Eutilia Andrade Medeiros Freire, Roberto Teixeira, Francisco Alves Bezerra Neto, Marta Maria das Chagas Medeiros, Jozélio Freire de Carvalho, Mario Sergio F Santos, Regina Adalva de L Couto Océa, Roger A Levy, Carlos Augusto Ferreira de Andrade, Geraldo da Rocha Castelar Pinheiro, Mirhelen Mendes Abreu, José Fernando Verztman, Selma Merenlender, Sandra Lucia Euzebio Ribeiro, Izaias Pereira da Costa, Gecilmara Pileggi, Virginia Fernandes Moça Trevisani, Max Igor Banks Lopes, Carlos Brito, Eduardo Figueiredo, Fabio Queiroga, Tiago Feitosa, Angélica da Silva Tenório, Gisela Rocha de Siqueira, Renata Paiva, José Tupinambá Sousa Vasconcelos, Georges Christopoulos
Chikungunya fever has become an important public health problem in countries where epidemics occur because half of the cases progress to chronic, persistent and debilitating arthritis. Literature data on specific therapies at the various phases of arthropathy caused by chikungunya virus (CHIKV) infection are limited, lacking quality randomized trials assessing the efficacies of different therapies. There are a few studies on the treatment of musculoskeletal manifestations of chikungunya fever, but these studies have important methodological limitations...
July 21, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738338/cognitive-impairment-is-reflected-by-an-increased-difference-between-real-and-imagined-timed-up-and-go-test-performance
#3
Stefanie Rüdiger, Tim Stuckenschneider, Tobias Vogt, Vera Abeln, Brian Lawlor, Marcel Olde Rikkert, Stefan Schneider
BACKGROUND: Recent research suggests using an imaginary version of the Timed Up and Go test (TUG) for a first assessment of cognitive impairment. By using the time difference between a real (TUGr) and an imagined (TUGi) TUG task, the objective of this study was to examine the effect of cognitive impairment on motor imagery ability. METHODS: Fifty-two participants (mean age 69.3 ± 4.0 years) with mild cognitive impairment or subjective cognitive impairment were included in this study...
July 22, 2017: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738079/comparison-between-intra-articular-ozone-and-placebo-in-the-treatment-of-knee-osteoarthritis-a-randomized-double-blinded-placebo-controlled-study
#4
Carlos César Lopes de Jesus, Fânia Cristina Dos Santos, Luciana Maria Oliveira Bueno de Jesus, Iara Monteiro, Maria Sonia Sousa Castro Sant'Ana, Virginia Fernandes Moça Trevisani
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the trial was to determine the effectiveness of oxygen-ozone injections on knee osteoarthritis concerning pain reduction, joint functional improvement, and quality of life. METHODS: In this randomized, double-blinded, placebo controlled clinical trial, 98 patients with symptomatic knee osteoarthritis (OA) were randomized into two groups receiving intra-articular 20 μg/ml of ozone (OZ) or placebo (PBO) for 8 weeks. The efficacy outcomes for knee OA were the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), Lequesne Index, Timed Up and Go Test (TUG Test), SF-36, Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), and Geriatric Pain Measure (GPM)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731508/a-re-examination-of-montreal-cognitive-assessment-moca-cutoff-scores
#5
Nicole Carson, Larry Leach, Kelly J Murphy
OBJECTIVE: The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA; Nasreddine et al., 2005) is a cognitive screening tool that aims to differentiate healthy cognitive aging from Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI). Several validation studies have been conducted on the MoCA, in a variety of clinical populations. Some studies have indicated that the originally suggested cutoff score of 26/30 leads to an inflated rate of false positives, particularly for those of older age and/or lower education. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature to determine the diagnostic accuracy of the MoCA for differentiating healthy cognitive aging from possible MCI...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731437/computerized-cognitive-screen-cocosc-a-self-administered-computerized-test-for-screening-for-cognitive-impairment-in-community-social-centers
#6
Adrian Wong, Ching-Hang Fong, Vincent Mok, Kam Tat Leung, Raymond Kai-Yu Tong
BACKGROUND: Computerized cognitive tests may serve as a preliminary, low-cost method to identify individuals with suspected cognitive impairment in the community. OBJECTIVE: To develop a self-administered computerized test, namely the "Computerized Cognitive Screen (CoCoSc), Hong Kong version", for screening of individuals with cognitive impairment (CI) in community settings. METHODS: The CoCoSc is a 15-min computerized cognitive screen covering memory, executive functions, orientation, attention and working memory, and prospective memory administered on a touchscreen computer...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719761/rehabilitation-and-postoperative-management-practices-after-osteochondral-allograft-transplants-to-the-distal-femur-a-report-from-the-metrics-of-osteochondral-allografts-moca-study-group-2016-survey
#7
Marie S Kane, Karlee Lau, Dennis C Crawford
CONTEXT: We present the current spectrum of postoperative management practices for patients receiving distal femur osteochondral allograft (OCA) transplants. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: The Joint Restoration Foundation database was examined in cooperation with the Metrics of Osteochondral Allografts study group to identify 121 surgeons who had performed at least 1 OCA transplant in the past year; 63% of surgeons responded. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical survey...
July 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715595/lifestyle-physical-activity-and-cognitive-functions-the-impact-on-the-scores-of-montreal-cognitive-assessment-moca
#8
A Innocenti, D M Cammisuli, D Sgromo, F Franzoni, J Fusi, F Galetta, C Pruneti
The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) is a rapid screening tool, including subtests to assess several cognitive domains, developed to detect MCI from normal ageing cognitive changes. Several validation and normative studies have conducted around the world considering the influences of age and education on the MoCA score, but none takes into account the lifestyle and habits. However, lifestyles, and particularly physical activity (PA) have been positively associated with both physical and mental health in elderly...
July 1, 2017: Archives Italiennes de Biologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707303/prediction-of-geriatric-rehabilitation-outcomes-comparison-between-three-cognitive-screening-tools
#9
Noemi Heyman, Tatyana Tsirulnicov, Merav Ben Natan
AIM: Comparison between the predictions of functional rehabilitation outcomes at a department of geriatric rehabilitation using three cognitive screening tools - Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), and Informant Questionnaire on Cognitive Decline in the Elderly (IQCODE). METHODS: This study is a prospective study. The study participants were 212 patients aged 65 and older admitted to rehabilitation departments at a geriatric facility in central Israel, from April 2016 to October 2016...
July 14, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700954/cognitive-and-motor-reaction-times-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-a-study-based-on-computerized-measures
#10
Maria Devita, Sonia Montemurro, Andrea Zangrossi, Sara Ramponi, Maurizio Marvisi, Daniele Villani, Maria Clara Raimondi, Paola Merlo, Maria Luisa Rusconi, Sara Mondini
Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS) is mainly associated with executive dysfunction. Although delayed reaction times (RTs) in patients with OSAS have been reported, sensitivity of processing speed has not been adequately assessed. This study suggests sensitive and reliable measures to clarify whether different components of information processing speed, i.e. cognitive and motor responses, are equally impaired in OSAS. Thirty-three patients with OSAS were compared with thirty healthy controls. The MoCA test was administered to assess participants' global neuropsychological profile...
July 9, 2017: Brain and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697562/the-montreal-cognitive-assessment-normative-data-from-a-large-swedish-population-based-cohort
#11
Emma Borland, Katarina Nägga, Peter M Nilsson, Lennart Minthon, Erik D Nilsson, Sebastian Palmqvist
BACKGROUND: The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) has a high sensitivity for detecting cognitive dysfunction. Swedish normative data does not exist and international norms are often derived from populations where cognitive impairment has not been screened for and not been thoroughly assessed to exclude subjects with dementia or mild cognitive impairment. OBJECTIVE: To establish norms for MoCA and develop a regression-based norm calculator based on a large, well-examined cohort...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694613/cognitive-and-functional-outcomes-following-inpatient-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-acquired-brain-injury-a-prospective-follow-up-study
#12
Maitreyi Patil, Anupam Gupta, Meeka Khanna, Arun B Taly, Amit Soni, J Keshav Kumar, K Thennarasu
OBJECTIVES: To study the effects of cognitive retraining and inpatient rehabilitation to study the effects of cognitive retraining and inpatient rehabilitation in patients with acquired brain injury (ABI). DESIGN AND SETTING: This was a prospective follow-up study in a neurological rehabilitation department of quaternary research hospital. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty patients with ABI, mean age 36.43 years (standard deviation [SD] 12.6, range 18-60), mean duration of illness 77...
July 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691649/screening-tools-for-the-identification-of-dementia-for-adults-with-age-related-acquired-hearing-or-vision-impairment-a-scoping-review
#13
Annie Pye, Anna Pavlina Charalambous, Iracema Leroi, Chrysoulla Thodi, Piers Dawes
BACKGROUND: Cognitive screening tests frequently rely on items being correctly heard or seen. We aimed to identify, describe, and evaluate the adaptation, validity, and availability of cognitive screening and assessment tools for dementia which have been developed or adapted for adults with acquired hearing and/or vision impairment. METHOD: Electronic databases were searched using subject terms "hearing disorders" OR "vision disorders" AND "cognitive assessment," supplemented by exploring reference lists of included papers and via consultation with health professionals to identify additional literature...
July 10, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690585/saccadic-impairments-in-patients-with-the-norrbottnian-form-of-gaucher-s-disease-type-3
#14
Josefine Blume, Stanislav Beniaminov, Cecilia Kämpe Björkvall, Maciej Machaczka, Per Svenningsson
BACKGROUND: Chronic neuronopathic Gaucher's disease type 3 (GD3) is relatively frequent in northern Sweden. Besides multiple other neurological symptoms, horizontal gaze palsy or oculomotor apraxia is common in GD3. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the saccades in patients with Norrbottnian GD3 with respect to their neurological and cognitive status using a computer-based eye-tracking technique. METHODS: Horizontal and vertical reflexive saccades as well as antisaccades of nine GD3 patients [4M/5F; 41...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680651/gray-matter-density-loss-in-essential-tremor-a-lobule-by-lobule-analysis-of-the-cerebellum
#15
Jonathan P Dyke, Eric Cameron, Nora Hernandez, Ulrike Dydak, Elan D Louis
BACKGROUND: The pathophysiological basis for essential tremor (ET) remains unclear, although evidence increasingly links it to a disordered and perhaps degenerative cerebellum. Prior imaging studies have treated the cerebellum en bloc. Our hypothesis was that regional differences in cerebellar gray matter (GM) density may better distinguish ET cases from controls. Forty-seven ET cases and 36 control subjects were imaged using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The cerebellum was segmented into 34 lobes using a Spatially Unbiased Infra-Tentorial Template (SUIT) atlas within the Statistical Parametric Mapping (SPM) analysis package...
2017: Cerebellum & Ataxias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675607/comparison-of-the-mini-mental-state-examination-and-montreal-cognitive-assessment-executive-subtests-in-detecting-post-stroke-cognitive-impairment
#16
Chen Fu, Xianglan Jin, Baoxin Chen, Feiran Xue, Huanmin Niu, Rongjuan Guo, Zhigang Chen, Hong Zheng, Le Wang, Yunling Zhang
AIM: The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) has been shown to be more sensitive in detecting executive dysfunction than the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE). However, it is still not known whether all the MoCA executive subtests contribute to the superior sensitivity. Thus, the present study aimed to determine how much executive abnormality was detected by the MMSE and MoCA executive subtests in a population-based cohort of Chinese post-stroke patients. METHODS: The MMSE and MoCA were collected from post-stroke patients (within 15 days to 1 month after stroke, including ischemic stroke and hemorrhagic stroke) in 14 hospitals of northern and southern China (including 10 top-graded hospitals and 4 community hospitals) between June 2011 and September 2013...
July 4, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666359/cognition-in-context-the-role-of-objective-and-subjective-measures-of-neighborhood-and-household-in-cognitive-functioning-in-later-life
#17
Haena Lee, Linda J Waite
Background and Objectives: Although the role of place on health is not new, less is known about how place matters for cognition. By investigating both neighborhood and home as the sociospatial realms of older adults, we explore associations between health and place across multiple contexts. We also distinguish objective and subjective measures of place and disentangle their differential associations with cognition. Research Design and Methods: We analyzed place effects on cognition from the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project (N = 2,260) linked to neighborhood characteristics and crime data...
June 28, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660996/models-of-cognitive-functions-with-respect-to-selected-parameters-of-functional-state-of-the-thyroid-gland-in-post-menopausal-women
#18
Mariusz Gujski, Jarosław Pinkas, Mariusz Witczak, Alfred Owoc, Iwona Bojar
INTRODUCTION: The objective of the study was the development of models of cognitive functions in a group of post-menopausal women, according to the concentration of the selected laboratory parameters evaluating the functional state of the thyroid gland. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted during 2012-2014, and covered women aged 50-65 years, minimum two years after the last menstruation, without chronic diseases, cancerous diseases, mental disorders, addiction to drugs or alcohol, and who did not use hormone replacement therapy...
2017: Endokrynologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653212/higher-blood-brain-barrier-permeability-is-associated-with-higher-white-matter-hyperintensities-burden
#19
Yue Li, Man Li, Xiaoyu Zhang, Qinglei Shi, Shuna Yang, Huimin Fan, Wei Qin, Lei Yang, Junliang Yuan, Tao Jiang, Wenli Hu
The pathogenesis of white matter hyperintensities (WMH) is incompletely understood but blood-brain barrier (BBB) dysfunction may play a key role. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between BBB permeability and the severity of WMH burden. Consecutive participants without symptomatic stroke history presented for physical examination were recruited in this cross-sectional study and divided into three WMH burden groups according to total Fazekas scores. They received dynamic contrast-enhanced-magnetic resonance imaging to measure BBB permeability, and received Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA)...
July 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643101/cognitive-performance-correlates-with-the-degree-of-dopaminergic-degeneration-in-the-associative-part-of-the-striatum-in-non-demented-parkinson-s-patients
#20
Dorothee Kübler, Henning Schroll, Ralph Buchert, Andrea A Kühn
Parkinson's disease (PD) patients show cognitive deficits that are relevant in terms of prognosis and quality of life. Degeneration of striatal dopaminergic afferents proceeds from dorsal/caudal to anterior/ventral and is discussed to account for some of these symptoms. Treatment with dopamine (DA) has differential effects on cognitive dysfunctions, improving some and worsening others. We hypothesized that cognitive performance during the dopaminergic OFF state correlates with DAT availability in the associative striatum...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Neural Transmission
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