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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210062/cognitive-function-in-middle-aged-and-older-adults-participating-in-synchronized-swimming-exercise
#1
Etsuko Maeshima, Yuka Okumura, Juri Tatsumi, Sayaka Tomokane, Akiko Ikeshima
[Purpose] The purpose of the present study was to examine cognitive function in middle-aged and older adults regularly engaging in synchronized swimming-exercise. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-three female synchronized swimmers ranging in age from 49 to 85 years were recruited for the present study. The duration of synchronized swimming experience ranged from 1 to 39 years. The control group consisted of 36 age- and gender-matched community-dwelling middle-aged and older adults (age range: 49 to 77 years)...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208082/cognitive-impairment-in-the-first-year-after-breast-cancer-diagnosis-a-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Mariana Ramalho, Filipa Fontes, Luís Ruano, Susana Pereira, Nuno Lunet
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to assess the relation between cancer treatments and incident cognitive impairment in breast cancer patients, taking into account the levels of anxiety before treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study with 418 newly diagnosed breast cancer patients with no cognitive impairment, defined as values at least 1.5 standard deviations below age- and education-adjusted cut-offs in the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), at baseline...
February 13, 2017: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205215/multicenter-validation-of-an-mmse-moca-conversion-table
#3
David Bergeron, Kelsey Flynn, Louis Verret, Stéphane Poulin, Rémi W Bouchard, Christian Bocti, Tamàs Fülöp, Guy Lacombe, Serge Gauthier, Ziad Nasreddine, Robert Jr Laforce
BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence points to the superiority of the MoCA over the MMSE as a cognitive screening tool. To facilitate the transition from the MMSE to the MoCA in clinical and research settings, authors have developed MMSE-MoCA conversion tables. However, it is unknown whether a conversion table generated from Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients would apply to patients with other dementia subtypes like vascular dementia or frontotemporal dementia. Furthermore, the reliability and accuracy of MMSE-MoCA conversion tables has not been properly evaluated...
February 15, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199994/association-between-montreal-cognitive-assessment-sub-item-scores-and-corresponding-cognitive-test-performance-in-patients-with-frontotemporal-dementia-and-related-disorders
#4
Kristy K L Coleman, Brenda L Coleman, Julia D MacKinley, Stephen H Pasternak, Elizabeth C Finger
The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), a brief screening test developed to detect patients with mild cognitive impairment, is used in clinical settings across North America [Nasreddine et al.: J Am Geriatr Soc 2005;53:695-699]. The MoCA has been demonstrated to be sensitive to cognitive deficits in frontotemporal dementias (FTD) and related disorders [Coleman et al.: Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord 2016;30:258-263]. Given attentional impairments in patients with FTD, whether and to what extent the abbreviated items on the MoCA may predict performance on corresponding assessments is not known...
February 16, 2017: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188757/cognitive-effects-of-androgen-deprivation-therapy-in-men-with-advanced-prostate-cancer
#5
Bulent Gunlusoy, Yasin Ceylan, Aslı Koskderlioglu, Muhtesem Gedizlioglu, Tansu Degirmenci, Pınar Ortan, Zafer Kozacioglu
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate prostate cancer effects of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) by using a systematic set of methods to calculate specific cognitive functions in men with locally advanced or metastatic prostate cancer. METHODS: From April 2014 to February 2016, a prospective, comparative study was done to evaluate the cognitive effects of hormone therapy.Group 1 consisted of 78 patients with locally advanced or metastatic prostate cancer who received complete ADT treatment continously for 12 months and group 2 (control group) consisted of 78 patients who underwent radical prostatectomy without any additional treatment...
February 7, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184209/theory-of-mind-is-impaired-in-mild-to-moderate-huntington-s-disease-independently-from-global-cognitive-functioning
#6
Giovanna Lagravinese, Laura Avanzino, Alessia Raffo De Ferrari, Roberta Marchese, Carlo Serrati, Paola Mandich, Giovanni Abbruzzese, Elisa Pelosin
Affective "Theory of Mind" (ToM) is the specific ability to represent own and others' emotional states and feelings. Previous studies examined affective ToM ability in patients with Huntington's disease (HD), using the "Reading the Mind in the Eyes test" (RMET). Results were consistent in showing difficulties in inferring complex mental states from photographs of people even in the early stage of HD. However, there has been no agreement as to whether or not cognitive impairments in HD population might have contributed to poor performance on the RMET test...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177556/pattern-and-related-factors-of-cognitive-impairment-among-chronic-methamphetamine-users
#7
Tong-Yu Wang, Teng-Teng Fan, Yan-Ping Bao, Xiao-Dong Li, Chun-Mei Liang, Ru-Jia Wang, Jun Ma, Ying Han, Shi-Qiu Meng, Ping Wu, Jie Shi, Lin Lu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Methamphetamine (MA) use is increasingly prevalent in East and Southeast Asia and commonly associated with cognitive impairment. The present study estimated the characteristics of cognitive impairment and explored the associated potential factors among chronic MA users. METHODS: The data were from the baseline visit of a longitudinal study among synthetic drug users. The baseline survey was conducted in detoxification and rehabilitation centers in Guangdong province, China, from September to December in 2013...
February 8, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155182/italians-do-it-worse-montreal-cognitive-assessment-moca-optimal-cut-off-scores-for-people-with-probable-alzheimer-s-disease-and-with-probable-cognitive-impairment
#8
Andrea Bosco, Giuseppina Spano, Alessandro O Caffò, Antonella Lopez, Ignazio Grattagliano, Giuseppe Saracino, Katia Pinto, Frans Hoogeveen, Giulio E Lancioni
Montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA) is a test providing a brief screening for people with cognitive impairment due to aging or neurodegenerative syndromes. In Italy, as in the rest of the world, several validation studies of MoCA have been carried out. This study compared, for the first time in Italy, a sample of people with probable Alzheimer's Disease (AD) with healthy counterparts. The study also compared two community-dwelling groups of aged participants with and without probable cognitive impairment, as discriminated by two cut-off points of adjusted MMSE score...
February 2, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151878/a-training-approach-to-improve-stepping-automaticity-while-dual-tasking-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-prospective-pilot-study
#9
Taylor Chomiak, Alexander Watts, Nicole Meyer, Fernando V Pereira, Bin Hu
BACKGROUND: Deficits in motor movement automaticity in Parkinson's disease (PD), especially during multitasking, are early and consistent hallmarks of cognitive function decline, which increases fall risk and reduces quality of life. This study aimed to test the feasibility and potential efficacy of a wearable sensor-enabled technological platform designed for an in-home music-contingent stepping-in-place (SIP) training program to improve step automaticity during dual-tasking (DT). METHODS: This was a 4-week prospective intervention pilot study...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145815/dl-3-n-butylphthalide-can-improve-the-cognitive-function-of-patients-with-acute-ischemic-stroke-a-prospective-intervention-study
#10
Haiqing Yan, Zhixin Yan, Xiaolu Niu, Jianling Wang, Yongkun Gui, Ping Zhang
OBJECTIVES: The present study investigated the effects of dl-3-n-butylphthalide on cognitive function of patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS). METHODS: A total of 104 patients with AIS admitted between October 2012 and June 2013 were assigned to either the Treatment (standardized treatment plus dl-3-n-butylphthalide) or Control (standardized treatment alone) groups. Cognitive function was assessed by the Beijing version of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA-BJ) and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) before and 1 month after treatment, when high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and homocysteine (Hcy) were also detected...
February 1, 2017: Neurological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144192/predictability-of-social-anamnestic-variables-on-receptive-vocabulary-and-cognitive-functioning-of-the-elderly-population
#11
Amela Ibrahimagic, Lejla Junuzovic Zunic, Mirsada Rasidovic, Bojan Radic, Ahmet Kantic
INTRODUCTION: Aging, as an irrepressible biological process involves a series of physiological and pathological changes. The main aim of this study was to examine the correlation and predictability of receptive vocabulary and cognitive functioning of elderly people with anamnestic variables: chronological age, sex, level of formal education, marital status, years of work and retirement and years spent in an institution for the elderly. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The sample of participants consisted of 120 elderly people, average age was 78 years, placed in institutional care for elderly people in four cities in Bosnia and Herzegovina...
December 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143956/correlation-between-serum-s100%C3%AE-protein-levels-and-cognitive-dysfunction-in-patients-with-cerebral-small-vessel-disease-a-case-control-study
#12
Fei Wang, Zhi-Rong Zou, Dong Yuan, Yi Gong, Li Zhang, Xun Chen, Tao Sun, Hua-Lin Yu
The present study is designed to explore the correlation between serum S100β level and cognitive dysfunction in patients with cerebral small vessel disease (SVD). A total of 172 SVD patients were participated into the study, and they were assigned into patients with no cognitive impairment (NCI group) and those with vascular cognitive impairment no dementia (VCIND group). Besides, 105 people were recruited as the normal control group. Serum S100β protein level was detected by ELISA. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was employed the predictive value of serum S100β in diagnosing SVD with cognitive dysfunction...
January 31, 2017: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131163/the-test-accuracy-of-the-montreal-cognitive-assessment-moca-by-stroke-lateralisation
#13
Edgar Chan, Samantha Altendorff, Colm Healy, David J Werring, Lisa Cipolotti
BACKGROUND: The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) is an increasingly popular screening tool for detecting cognitive impairment post-stroke. However its' test accuracy by stroke lateralisation is as yet unknown. AIM: Our aim was to investigate whether the test accuracy of the MoCA differs by stroke lateralisation across different cognitive domains. METHODS: We retrospectively examined the cognitive profiles of 228 subacute stroke patients (86 Left, 142 Right), comparing MoCA-total and domain-specific scores with performance on detailed neuropsychological assessment...
February 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131162/resting-state-fmri-regional-homogeneity-correlates-with-cognition-measures-in-subcortical-vascular-cognitive-impairment
#14
Stefano Diciotti, Stefano Orsolini, Emilia Salvadori, Antonio Giorgio, Nicola Toschi, Stefano Ciulli, Andrea Ginestroni, Anna Poggesi, Nicola De Stefano, Leonardo Pantoni, Domenico Inzitari, Mario Mascalchi
BACKGROUND: The hyperintensity of cerebral white matter (WM) in T2-weighted MR images of elderly subjects due to small vessel disease (SVD) is associated with variable clinical features including mild cognitive impairment (MCI), also termed subcortical vascular cognitive impairment (SVCI). The latter is typically characterized by psychomotor slowing, attention deficits, and executive dysfunctions. We hypothesized that functional brain changes might be associated with these distinctive cognitive deficits in patients with SVCI...
February 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125616/evaluating-the-effect-of-cognitive-dysfunction-on-mental-imagery-in-patients-with-stroke-using-temporal-congruence-and-the-imagined-timed-up-and-go-test-itug
#15
Maxime Geiger, Céline Bonnyaud, Yves-André Fery, Bernard Bussel, Nicolas Roche
BACKGROUND: Motor imagery (MI) capacity may be altered following stroke. MI is evaluated by measuring temporal congruence between the timed performance of an imagined and an executed task. Temporal congruence between imagined and physical gait-related activities has not been evaluated following stroke. Moreover, the effect of cognitive dysfunction on temporal congruence is not known. OBJECTIVE: To assess temporal congruence between the Timed Up and Go test (TUG) and the imagined TUG (iTUG) tests in patients with stroke and to investigate the role played by cognitive dysfunctions in changes in temporal congruence...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123651/the-association-between-poor-sleep-quality-and-global-cortical-atrophy-is-related-to-age-results-from-the-atahualpa-project
#16
Oscar H Del Brutto, Robertino M Mera, Mauricio Zambrano, Pablo R Castillo
Community-dwellers aged ≥60 years enrolled in the Atahualpa Project underwent brain MRI and were interviewed with the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. Of 290 participants, 94 (32%) had poor sleep quality and 143 (49%) had global cortical atrophy (GCA). In a logistic regression model (adjusted for demographics, cardiovascular risk factor, severe edentulism, symptoms of depression, the MoCA score, and neuroimaging signatures of cerebrovascular damage), poor sleep quality was associated with GCA (p=0.004). A multivariate probability model showed that the probability of moderate-to-severe GCA significantly increased in individuals with poor sleep quality aged ≥67 years...
July 2016: Sleep Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122474/screening-for-neurocognitive-impairment-in-hiv-positive-adults-aged-50-years-and-older-montreal-cognitive-assessment-relates-to-self-reported-and-clinician-rated-everyday-functioning
#17
P L Fazeli, K B Casaletto, E Paolillo, R C Moore, D J Moore, The Hnrp Group
As the HIV+ population ages, the risk for and need to screen for HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) increases. The aim of this study is to determine the utility and ecological validity of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) among older HIV+ adults. A total of 100 HIV+ older adults aged 50 years or over completed a comprehensive neuromedical and neurocognitive battery, including the MoCA and several everyday functioning measures. The receiver operating characteristic curve indicates ≤26 as the optimal cut-off balancing sensitivity (84...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118690/poststroke-qeeg-informs-early-prognostication-of-cognitive-impairment
#18
Emma Schleiger, Andrew Wong, Stephen Read, Tennille Rowland, Simon Finnigan
Cognitive impairment is a common consequence of stroke, but remains difficult to predict. We investigate the ability of early QEEG assessment to inform such prediction, using binary logistic regression. Thirty-five patients (12 female, ages 18-87) suffering middle cerebral artery, ischemic stroke were studied. Resting-state EEG was recorded 48-239 h after symptom onset. Relative power for delta, theta, alpha, and beta bands, delta:alpha ratio, and peak alpha frequency were analyzed. Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) was administered, where possible, on day of EEG and at median 99 days (range 69-138) poststroke...
February 2017: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117613/relation-between-serum%C3%A2-leptin%C3%A2-levels-lipid-profiles-%C3%A2-and-neurocognitive-deficits-in-chinese-osahs-patients
#19
Yating Peng, Li Zhou, Yuping Cao, Ping Chen, Yan Chen, Dandan Zong, Ruoyun Ouyang
Objective The aim of this study was to compare serum leptin, apolipoprotein A1 (ApoA1), apolipoprotein J (ApoJ), and apolipoprotein H (ApoH) levels in males with obstructive sleep apnea and hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) to those in healthy control subjects and to examine the possible relation between neurocognitive performance and these factors/serum markers in the subjects. Methods In this observational, cross-sectional study, a full-night polysomnography and sensitive neuropsychological assessment were performed on 50 newly diagnosed Chinese male patients and 30 healthy subjects...
January 24, 2017: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108207/cognitive-impairment-is-very-common-in-elderly-patients-with-syncope-and-unexplained-falls
#20
Susanne C de Ruiter, Jos F M de Jonghe, Tjeerd Germans, Jaap H Ruiter, René W M M Jansen
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence of cognitive impairment (CI), including mild CI and dementia, in elderly patients with syncope and unexplained falls. In this population, we compared the use of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) with a cognitive screening test that assesses executive dysfunction typical of subcortical (vascular) CI, that is, the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA). DESIGN: Observational cohort study. SETTING: Outpatient fall and syncope clinic...
January 17, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
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