keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Healthcare-associated infection

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918461/ethnic-differences-in-maternal-near-miss
#1
Karayna Gil Fernandes, Renato Teixeira Souza, Maria Carmo Leal, Erly C Moura, Leonor M Santos, Jose Guilherme Cecatti
PURPOSE: To evaluate the association between ethnic differences and the occurrence of maternal near miss (MNM) in the Amazon and Northeast regions of Brazil. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of a national cross-sectional study focused on the assessment of care to pregnancy, childbirth, and infants under 1 year of age. Ethnicity was classified as white, black or indigenous. Ethnic distribution by state and region, the proportion of severe maternal complications and related procedures, and the prevalence of MNM and its criteria were calculated for the ethnic groups...
September 16, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917436/comparison-of-the-loop-technique-with-incision-and-drainage-for-soft-tissue-abscesses-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Michael Gottlieb, Gary D Peksa
INTRODUCTION: Skin and soft tissue infections are a common presentation to the emergency department. Traditional management of abscesses involves a linear incision through the center of the abscess with packing placed. The loop drainage technique (LDT) is an alternate approach that may reduce pain and scarring, as well as decrease the number of follow up visits needed. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to compare the efficacy of the LDT with conventional incision and drainage (CID) in the treatment of soft tissue abscesses...
September 10, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916877/bile-duct-injury-and-morbidity-following-cholecystectomy-a-need-for-improvement
#3
Meredith Barrett, Horacio J Asbun, Hung-Lung Chien, L Michael Brunt, Dana A Telem
BACKGROUND: Bile duct injury (BDI) remains the most dreaded complication following cholecystectomy with serious repercussions for the surgeon, patient and entire healthcare system. In the absence of registries, the true incidence of BDI in the United States remains unknown. We aim to identify the incidence of BDI requiring operative intervention and overall complications after cholecystectomy. METHODS: Utilizing the Truven Marketscan(®) research database, 554,806 patients who underwent cholecystectomy in calendar years 2011-2014 were identified using ICD-9 procedure and diagnosis codes...
September 15, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914275/national-trends-2007-2013-of-clostridium-difficile-infection-in-patients-with-septic-shock-impact-on-outcome
#4
Kshitij Chatterjee, Abhinav Goyal, Aditya Chada, Krishna Siva Kakkera, Howard L Corwin
BACKGROUND: Clostridium difficile is the most common infectious cause of healthcare-associated diarrhea and is associated with worse outcomes and higher cost. Patients with septic shock (SS) are at increased risk of acquiring C. difficile infections (CDIs) during hospitalization, but little data are available on CDI complicating SS. OBJECTIVE: Prevalence of CDI in SS between 2007-2013 and impact of CDI on outcomes in SS. METHODS: Outcomes were prevalence of CDI in SS, effect on mortality, length of stay (LOS), and 30-day readmission...
September 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914209/knee-ligament-injury-and-the-clinical-application-of-tissue-engineering-techniques-a-systematic-review
#5
Thomas Riley, Reza Mafi, Pouya Mafi, Wasim Khan
Background The incidence of knee ligament injury is increasing and represents a significant cost to healthcare providers. Current interventions include tissue grafts, suture repair and non-surgical management. These techniques have demonstrated good patient outcomes but have been associated graft rejection, infection, long term immobilization and reduced joint function. The limitations of traditional management strategies have prompted research into tissue engineering of knee ligaments. Objective This paper aims to evaluate whether tissue engineering of knee ligaments offers a viable alternative in the clinical management of knee ligament injuries...
September 15, 2017: Current Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914066/-herpes-simplex-virus-infection-an-overview-of-the-problem-pharmacologic-therapy-and-dietary-measures
#6
Sherif T S Hassan, Miroslava Šudomová, Radka Masarčíková
Treatment of infectious diseases remains one of the principal research target for many researchers and healthcare providers worldwide. Herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) and herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2) are common human pathogens with an estimated 60-95% of the adult population infected by at least one of them. The worldwide disease burden of HSV is substantial, and acyclovir and related nucleoside analogues (viral DNA polymerase inhibitors) as therapies have led to significantly increased treatment efficacy of HSV infections...
2017: Ceská a Slovenská Farmacie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911645/antibiofilm-activity-of-cashew-juice-pulp-against-staphylococcus-aureus-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-diode-array-detection-and-gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-analyses-and-interference-on-antimicrobial-drugs
#7
Marcus V Dias-Souza, Renan M Dos Santos, Ezequias P de Siqueira, Pedro H Ferreira-Marçal
The epidemiology of Staphylococcus aureus infections has evolved in recent years, as this species is a major Gram-positive pathogen associated with healthcare services. The antimicrobial resistance of this species raises an urgent need for new treatment strategies. Fruits play important nutritional and economic roles in society, but their biological and pharmacological features are poorly explored when compared to nonedible parts of plants such as barks and leaves. In this study, we show that the cashew apple juice [cashew juice pulp (CJP)] extract is active against the planktonic cells of S...
July 2017: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911130/on-the-ferries-the-unmet-health-care-needs-of-transiting-refugees-in-greece
#8
Clare K Shortall, Rosanna Glazik, Alvin Sornum, Ceri Pritchard
Background: In 2015, over 850 000 refugees, asylum seekers and migrants arrived in Greece. In response to an overwhelming need for access to healthcare for them, Doctors of the World established the Refugee Ferry Project, which comprised of a clinic providing primary health care, and integrated mental health and psychosocial support on board a commercial ferry. Methods: Of the 1405 service users, 87.5% (1229/1405) originated from Syria, Afghanistan and Iraq. The majority were women 801/1405 (57%) and children 511/1405 (36%), including 50 pregnant women and 19 unaccompanied minors...
September 1, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906399/characteristics-of-infection-and-its-impact-on-short-term-outcome-in-patients-with-acute-on-chronic-liver-failure
#9
Junjun Cai, Mengchen Zhang, Tao Han, Hui-Qing Jiang
Bacterial infections are an important cause of mortality in liver failure. However, the type of infection, predictors of infection, and their impact on outcomes in patients with acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) are limited.A total of 389 patients with ACLF were admitted in this retrospective, corhort study. Once admitted, clinical data including first infection site, type (community-acquired, healthcare-associated, or nosocomial), and second infection occurrence during hospitalization were collected. The outcome was mortality within 90 days...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906133/an-online-calculator-to-estimate-the-impact-of-changes-in-breastfeeding-rates-on-population-health-and-costs
#10
Alison M Stuebe, Briana J Jegier, Eleanor Bimla Schwarz, Brittany D Green, Arnold G Reinhold, Tarah T Colaizy, Debra L Bogen, Andrew J Schaefer, Jamus T Jegier, Noah S Green, Melissa C Bartick
OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the impact of changes in breastfeeding rates on population health. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used a Monte Carlo simulation model to estimate the population-level changes in disease burden associated with marginal changes in rates of any breastfeeding at each month from birth to 12 months of life, and in rates of exclusive breastfeeding from birth to 6 months of life. We used these marginal estimates to construct an interactive online calculator (available at www...
September 14, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905331/antibiotic-distribution-into-cerebrospinal-fluid-can-dosing-safely-account-for-drug-and-disease-factors-in-the-treatment-of-ventriculostomy-associated-infections
#11
Nilesh Kumta, Jason A Roberts, Jeffrey Lipman, Menino Osbert Cotta
Ventriculostomy-associated infections, or ventriculitis, in critically ill patients are associated with considerable morbidity. Efficacious antibiotic dosing for the treatment of these infections may be complicated by altered antibiotic concentrations in the cerebrospinal fluid due to variable meningeal inflammation and antibiotic properties. Therefore, doses used to treat infections with a higher degree of meningeal inflammation (such as meningitis) may often fail to achieve equivalent exposures in patients with ventriculostomy-associated infections such as ventriculitis...
September 13, 2017: Clinical Pharmacokinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903802/can-national-healthcare-associated-infections-hais-data-differentiate-hospitals-in-the-united-states
#12
Max Masnick, Daniel J Morgan, John D Sorkin, Mark D Macek, Jessica P Brown, Penny Rheingans, Anthony D Harris
OBJECTIVE To determine whether patients using the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) Hospital Compare website (http://medicare.gov/hospitalcompare) can use nationally reported healthcare-associated infection (HAI) data to differentiate hospitals. DESIGN Secondary analysis of publicly available HAI data for calendar year 2013. METHODS We assessed the availability of HAI data for geographically proximate hospitals (ie, hospitals within the same referral region) and then analyzed these data to determine whether they are useful to differentiate hospitals...
October 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903801/s-aureus-infections-in-chicago-2006-2014-increase-in-ca-mssa-and-decrease-in-mrsa-incidence
#13
M Ellen Acree, Ethan Morgan, Michael Z David
OBJECTIVE To examine trends in Staphylococcus aureus infections in adults and children at a single academic center in 2006-2014. DESIGN Retrospective cohort study. SETTING Inpatient, outpatient, and emergency department settings in a private, tertiary referral center. PATIENTS Patients with an infection culture that grew S. aureus in January 1, 2006, through March 31, 2014. METHODS The first isolate per year for each patient was classified as community-associated (CA-), healthcare-associated (HA-), or HA-community-onset S...
October 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900356/humidifiers-for-oxygen-therapy-what-risk-for-reusable-and-disposable-devices
#14
REVIEW
V La Fauci, G B Costa, A Facciolà, A Conti, R Riso, R Squeri
INTRODUCTION: Nosocomial pneumonia accounts for the vast majority of healthcare-associated infections (HAI). Although numerous medical devices have been discussed as potential vehicles for microorganisms, very little is known about the role played by oxygen humidifiers as potential sources of nosocomial pathogens. The purpose of this research was to evaluate the safety of the reuse of humidifiers by analysing the rate of microbial contamination in reusable and disposable oxygen humidifiers used during therapy, and then discuss their potential role in the transmission of respiratory pathogens...
June 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900349/knowledge-and-behaviour-of-nursing-students-on-the-prevention-of-healthcare-associated-infections
#15
REVIEW
F Brosio, P Kuhdari, A Stefanati, N Sulcaj, S Lupi, E Guidi, M Bergamini, G Gabutti
INTRODUCTION: Hospital infections, or "healthcare associated infections" (HAI) represent the most common and serious complications of healthcare. Adoption of safe care practices able to prevent or control the transmission of infections, both in hospitals and in other healthcare settings is crucial. The aim of the study is to assess the awareness about the risk factors and the most effective measures of prevention of HAI in the University of Ferrara nursing school students, giving particular attention to the hand hygiene practices and the use of standard precautions...
June 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900004/network-of-microbial-and-antibiotic-interactions-drive-colonization-and-infection-with-multidrug-resistant-organisms
#16
Joyce Wang, Betsy Foxman, Lona Mody, Evan S Snitkin
The emergence and spread of multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs) across global healthcare networks poses a serious threat to hospitalized individuals. Strategies to limit the emergence and spread of MDROs include oversight to decrease selective pressure for MDROs by promoting appropriate antibiotic use via antibiotic stewardship programs. However, restricting the use of one antibiotic often requires a compensatory increase in the use of other antibiotics, which in turn selects for the emergence of different MDRO species...
September 12, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894766/potentially-preventable-hospitalizations-and-the-burden-of-healthcare-associated-infections
#17
Andrea L Lorden, Luohua Jiang, Tiffany A Radcliff, Kathleen A Kelly, Robert L Ohsfeldt
BACKGROUND: An estimated 4% of hospital admissions acquired healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) and accounted for $9.8 (USD) billion in direct cost during 2011. In 2010, nearly 140 000 of the 3.5 million potentially preventable hospitalizations (PPHs) may have acquired an HAI. There is a knowledge gap regarding the co-occurrence of these events. AIMS: To estimate the period occurrences and likelihood of acquiring an HAI for the PPH population. METHODS: Retrospective, cross-sectional study using logistic regression analysis of 2011 Texas Inpatient Discharge Public Use Data File including 2...
January 2017: Health Services Research and Managerial Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894690/management-of-asymptomatic-bacteriuria-urinary-catheters-and-symptomatic-urinary-tract-infections-in-patients-undergoing-surgery-for-joint-replacement-a-position-paper-of-the-expert-group-infection-of-swissorthopaedics
#18
REVIEW
Parham Sendi, Olivier Borens, Peter Wahl, Martin Clauss, Ilker Uçkay
In this position paper, we review definitions related to this subject and the corresponding literature. Our recommendations include the following statements. Asymptomatic bacteriuria, asymptomatic leukocyturia, urine discolouration, odd smell or positive nitrite sediments are not an indication for antimicrobial treatment. Antimicrobial treatment of asymptomatic bacteriuria does not prevent periprosthetic joint infection, but is associated with adverse events, costs and antibiotic resistance development. Urine analyses or urine cultures in asymptomatic patients undergoing orthopaedic implants should be avoided...
2017: Journal of bone and joint infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894481/respiratory-research-networks-in-europe-and-beyond-aims-achievements-and-aspirations-for-the-21st-century
#19
Ignacio Martin-Loeches, Fernando Zampieri, Pedro Povoa, Otavio Ranzani, Lieuwe D Bos, Stefano Aliberti, Antoni Torres
Healthcare-associated infection, such as intensive care unit (ICU)-related respiratory infections, remain the most frequently encountered morbidity of ICU admission, prolonging hospital stay and increasing mortality rates. The epidemiology of ICU-related respiratory infections, particularly nonventilated ICU-associated pneumonia and ventilator-associated tracheobronchitis, appears to be quite different among different countries. European countries have different prevalence, patterns and mechanism of resistance, as well as different treatments chosen by different attending physicians...
September 2017: Breathe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893775/a-nosocomial-outbreak-of-extensively-drug-resistant-xdr-acinetobacter-baumannii-isolates-containing-blaoxa-237-encoded-on-a-plasmid
#20
Andrea M Hujer, Paul G Higgins, Susan D Rudin, Genevieve L Buser, Steven H Marshall, Kyriaki Xanthopoulou, Harald Seifert, Laura J Rojas, T Nicholas Domitrovic, P Maureen Cassidy, Margaret C Cunningham, Robert Vega, Jon P Furuno, Christopher D Pfeiffer, Zintars G Beldavs, Meredith S Wright, Michael R Jacobs, Mark D Adams, Robert A Bonomo
Carbapenem antibiotics are among the mainstay for treating infections caused by Acinetobacter baumannii, especially in the Northwest United States where carbapenem resistant A. baumannii remain relatively rare. However, between June 2012 and October 2014, an outbreak of carbapenem-resistant A. baumannii occurred in 16 patients from 5 healthcare facilities in the state of Oregon. All isolates were defined as extensively-drug resistant (XDR). MLST revealed that the isolates belonged to sequence type 2 (international clone 2, IC2), and were greater than 95% similar by rep-PCR analysis...
September 11, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
keyword
keyword
12431
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"