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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691948/lifestyle-factors-and-the-course-of-depression-in-older-adults-a-nesdo-study
#1
REVIEW
Myrthe C Bruin, Hannie C Comijs, Rob M Kok, Roos C Van der Mast, Julia F Van den Berg
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether lifestyle indicators including physical exercise, sleep duration, alcohol use, body mass index, smoking status, and a composite lifestyle index are associated with the depression course in older adults. METHODS: Data of 283 older adults were used from the Netherlands Study of Depression in Older Persons. Depressive disorders at baseline were assessed with the Composite International Diagnostic Interview. The depression course at 2-year follow-up was assessed with the Inventory of Depressive Symptoms (IDS, score 0-84) every 6 months; physical exercise with the International Physical Activity Questionnaire; alcohol use with the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test; body mass index by anthropometry; and sleep duration and smoking status by interview questions...
April 24, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691790/operation-change-a-new-paradigm-addressing-behavior-change-and-musculoskeletal-health-disparities
#2
Lynne C Jones, Yashika Watkins, Duanny Alva
BACKGROUND: In this study, we examined the implementation and efficacy of Operation Change, a community-based, culturally sensitive program to stimulate behavioral changes in activity level and improve musculoskeletal health in African-American (AA) and Hispanic/Latina (H/L) women with obesity and early-stage osteoarthritis. METHODS: Sixty-two women (32 AA and 30 H/L), 40-75 years old, with nontraumatic knee pain and body mass index values > 30, participated in a 12-week program of presentations, motivational interviewing, goal setting, and physical activities...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691599/-primary-biliary-cholangitis-established-and-novel-therapies
#3
REVIEW
M Vetter, A E Kremer
BACKGROUND: Patients with primary biliary cholangitis (PBC, formerly primary biliary cirrhosis) and insufficient treatment response or risk factors exhibit a remarkably increased risk for disease progression and associated complications. Furthermore, extrahepatic manifestations may considerably reduce quality of life in affected patients. OBJECTIVES: This article presents an overview on standard therapy with ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) and further therapeutic options in patients with insufficient treatment response...
April 24, 2018: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691286/cognitive-function-trajectories-and-their-determinants-in-older-people-8-years-of-follow-up-in-the-english-longitudinal-study-of-ageing
#4
Paola Zaninotto, G David Batty, Michael Allerhand, Ian J Deary
BACKGROUND: Maintaining cognitive function is an important aspect of healthy ageing. In this study, we examined age trajectories of cognitive decline in a large nationally representative sample of older people in England. We explored the factors that influence such decline and whether these differed by gender. METHODS: Latent growth curve modelling was used to explore age-specific changes, and influences on them, in an 8-year period in memory, executive function, processing speed and global cognitive function among 10 626 participants in the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691217/physical-activity-reduces-risk-of-depression-at-any-age-finds-study
#5
Susan Mayor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691204/perceptions-about-disseminating-health-information-among-mommy-bloggers-quantitative-study
#6
Amelia Burke-Garcia, Gary L Kreps, Kevin B Wright
BACKGROUND: Social media are potentially powerful channels for communicating relevant health information in culturally sensitive and influential ways to key audiences. Moreover, these channels hold promise for promoting awareness and knowledge of health risks, prevention, and treatment by utilizing opinion leaders for message dissemination. Despite limited empirical evidence to-date, early promising results suggest that blogs are a form of social media that should be examined as worthy channels for health communication...
April 24, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691130/detection-of-daily-postures-and-walking-modalities-using-a-single-chest-mounted-tri-axial-accelerometer
#7
Milad Nazarahari, Hossein Rouhani
This study presents a novel method for the detection and classification of a wide range of physical activities, including standing, sitting, lying, level walking, and walking upstairs and downstairs using a single chest-mounted accelerometer. The trunk inclination angle and variation of the gravitational component of the accelerometer recording were used for detection and classification of postural transitions and walking modalities. In addition, biomechanical features of each transition were used to reject false detections...
April 21, 2018: Medical Engineering & Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690792/physical-activity-and-incident-depression-a-meta-analysis-of-prospective-cohort-studies
#8
Felipe B Schuch, Davy Vancampfort, Joseph Firth, Simon Rosenbaum, Phillip B Ward, Edson S Silva, Mats Hallgren, Antonio Ponce De Leon, Andrea L Dunn, Andrea C Deslandes, Marcelo P Fleck, Andre F Carvalho, Brendon Stubbs
OBJECTIVE: The authors examined the prospective relationship between physical activity and incident depression and explored potential moderators. METHOD: Prospective cohort studies evaluating incident depression were searched from database inception through Oct. 18, 2017, on PubMed, PsycINFO, Embase, and SPORTDiscus. Demographic and clinical data, data on physical activity and depression assessments, and odds ratios, relative risks, and hazard ratios with 95% confidence intervals were extracted...
April 25, 2018: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690780/prevalence-and-determinants-of-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-before-and-up-to-12-months-after-total-knee-replacement-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#9
Alison Hodges, Alison R Harmer, Sarah Dennis, Lillias Nairn, Lyn March, Ross Crawford, David Parker, Marlene Fransen
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the prevalence and determinants of inadequate physical activity and excessive sedentary behaviour before and after total knee replacement. DESIGN, SETTING AND SUBJECTS: Secondary analysis was performed on data from a cohort of 422 adults (45-74 years), drawn from 12 public or private hospitals, undergoing primary unilateral or bilateral total knee replacement surgery. MAIN MEASURES: Questionnaires were used to determine the presence of inadequate physical activity and excessive sedentary behaviour before and 6  and 12 months after total knee replacement surgery...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690509/design-of-urban-public-spaces-intent-vs-reality
#10
Mikkel Hjort, W Mike Martin, Tom Stewart, Jens Troelsen
This study investigated how two public spaces for sport and recreation were utilized by different user groups, and how this aligned with the initial design objectives for these spaces. Two newly built urban spaces situated in Copenhagen, Denmark, provided the context for this investigation. The System for Observing Play and Recreation in Communities (SOPARC) was used to examine the physical activity of users in these two urban spaces. The architects responsible for designing each space were interviewed to ascertain the intended target group of each space and to unravel the reasons behind the design decisions...
April 21, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690508/how-urban-parks-offer-opportunities-for-physical-activity-in-dublin-ireland
#11
Eve Burrows, Margaret O'Mahony, Dermot Geraghty
Parks are an important part of the urban fabric of cities. They offer people the opportunity to connect with nature, engage in physical activity, find a haven away from the city noise, or spend time alone or with family and friends. This study examines the relative importance of park and park visit characteristics for 865 survey participants in Dublin, Ireland. The data is analyzed using a multinomial logistic regression model which can distinguish the relative importance of attributes. The model results demonstrate an improvement over proportional by chance accuracy, indicating that the model is useful...
April 21, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689723/stereological-investigation-of-the-effects-of-treadmill-running-exercise-on-the-hippocampal-neurons-in-middle-aged-app-ps1-transgenic-mice
#12
Fenglei Chao, Lin Jiang, Yi Zhang, Chunni Zhou, Lei Zhang, Jing Tang, Xin Liang, Yingqiang Qi, Yanqing Zhu, Jing Ma, Yong Tang
The risk of cognitive decline during Alzheimer's disease (AD) can be reduced if physical activity is maintained; however, the specific neural events underlying this beneficial effect are still uncertain. To quantitatively investigate the neural events underlying the effect of running exercise on middle-aged AD subjects, 12-month-old male APP/PS1 mice were randomly assigned to a control group or running group, and age-matched non-transgenic littermates were used as a wild-type group. AD running group mice were subjected to a treadmill running protocol (regular and moderate intensity) for four months...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689647/a-mixed-method-evaluation-of-adult-tier-2-lifestyle-weight-management-service-provision-across-a-county-in-northern-england
#13
L Ells, P Watson, S Carlebach, C O'Malley, D Jones, T Machaira, V Whittaker, H Clements, P Walker, K Needham, C Summerbell, V Coulton, V Araujo-Soares
Adult obesity in the UK remains a public health priority. Current guidance recommends local areas provide multicomponent interventions to treat adults with overweight and obesity; however, there is currently a dearth of published evidence on the evaluation of these programmes. This study reports on a mixed method evaluation of seven tier 2 weight management programmes funded by a local authority in the North of England through their public health grant (a lifestyle multicomponent weight management programme for the treatment of adults with overweight and obesity, but not severe obesity, or obesity with severe co-morbidities)...
April 24, 2018: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689482/adventure-based-training-to-promote-physical-activity-and-reduce-fatigue-among-childhood-cancer-survivors-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
William H C Li, K Y Ho, K K W Lam, H S Lam, S Y Chui, Godfrey C F Chan, A T Cheung, L L K Ho, O K Chung
BACKGROUND: Cancer-related fatigue is one of the most distressing symptoms reported by childhood cancer survivors. Despite the body of evidence that regular physical activity helps alleviate cancer-related fatigue, insufficient participation in physical activity is frequently observed among childhood cancer survivors. OBJECTIVES: This study examined the effectiveness of an adventure-based training programme in promoting physical activity, reducing fatigue, and enhancing self-efficacy and quality of life among Hong Kong Chinese childhood cancer survivors...
April 14, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689178/gender-differences-in-psychosocial-and-physical-outcomes-in-haitian-amputees
#15
Pey-Shan Wen, Marilys G Randolph, Leonard Elbaum, Mario De la Rosa
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the gender differences in psychosocial and physical outcomes in users of lower-extremity prostheses who became amputees after the 2010 earthquake in Haiti. METHOD: We enrolled 140 unilateral amputees in this cross-sectional study in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. Trained staff administered the assessments by reading the questions aloud to participants. Participants completed the Trinity Amputation and Prosthesis Experience Scales and Locomotor Capabilities Index about 2 yr after the earthquake...
May 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689126/the-variables-associated-with-health-promotion-behaviors-among-urban-black-women
#16
Millie Hepburn
PURPOSE: To improve understanding of variables impacting health promotion behaviors among urban Black women. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was used. Urban Black women (N = 132) between the ages of 30 to 64 years participated. SETTING: The study was conducted in a U.S. metropolitan region in 2015. MEASURES: Health literacy (Newest Vital Sign [NVS]), self-efficacy (New General Self-Efficacy Scale [NGSE]), and readiness for change (Health Risk Instrument [HRI]) were correlated with health promotion behaviors (Health Promotion Lifestyle Profile II [HPLPII])...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689096/improving-temporal-accuracy-of-human-metabolic-chambers-for-dynamic-metabolic-studies
#17
Shanshan Chen, Erica Wohlers, Eric Ruud, Jon Moon, Bin Ni, Francesco S Celi
Metabolic chambers are powerful tools for assessing human energy expenditure, providing flexibility and comfort for the subjects in a near free-living environment. However, the flexibility offered by the large living room size creates challenges in the assessment of dynamic human metabolic signals-such as those generated during high-intensity interval training and short-term involuntary physical activities-with sufficient temporal accuracy. Therefore, this paper presents methods to improve the temporal accuracy of metabolic chambers...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688819/family-exergaming-correlates-and-preferences
#18
Ryan E Rhodes, Nnenna Nwachukwu, Alison Quinlan
OBJECTIVES: The family home is an important environment for reducing sedentary behavior and increasing physical activity (PA). Exergames are gaining attention as a possible modality for increasing energy expenditure within the home setting. The purpose of this study was to explore the use, correlates, and preferences of family exergaming. METHODS: An online survey of exergame preferences, social cognition (theory of planned behavior), and behaviors that parents perceive as displaced during exergaming was conducted among a representative sample of 483 Canadian parents with a child between the ages of 6 and 14 years of age who own a videogame platform in their family home...
April 24, 2018: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688799/gender-differences-in-the-effects-of-the-frequency-of-physical-activity-on-the-incidence-of-metabolic-syndrome-results-from-a-middle-aged-community-cohort-in-taiwan
#19
Sheng-Pyng Chen, Huan-Cheng Chang, Tien-Mu Hsiao, Chih-Jung Yeh, Hao-Jan Yang
BACKGROUND: Little is known about how the frequency of physical activity in adults influences the occurrence of metabolic syndrome (MetS), and whether there are gender differences within these effects. METHODS: In this study, 3368 residents from the established "Landseed Cohort" underwent three waves of health examinations, and those who did not have MetS at baseline were selected and analyzed using a multiple Poisson regression model. By calculating the adjusted relative risk (ARR), the linear and nonlinear relationships between the frequency of physical activity and risk of developing MetS were examined for male and female participants...
April 24, 2018: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688733/drug-use-for-secondary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-diseases-in-golestan-iran-results-from-the-golestan-cohort-study
#20
Mahdi Nalini, Sadaf G Sepanlou, Akram Pourshams, Hossein Poustchi, Maryam Sharafkhah, Hossein Bahrami, Farin Kamangar, Reza Malekzadeh
BACKGROUND: Little is known about secondary prevention of cardiovascular diseases, using cardio-protective drugs, in the community-level, especially in low- and middle-income countries. We aimed to assess main drug use and its predictors in Northeast of Iran. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional analysis on the Golestan Cohort Study data (2004-2008) with 50 045 participants. We assessed drug use in those with a history of ischemic heart disease (IHD) or stroke, recorded by face-to-face interviews...
March 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
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