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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636204/aerobic-exercise-training-for-adults-with-fibromyalgia
#1
REVIEW
Julia Bidonde, Angela J Busch, Candice L Schachter, Tom J Overend, Soo Y Kim, Suelen M Góes, Catherine Boden, Heather Ja Foulds
BACKGROUND: Exercise training is commonly recommended for individuals with fibromyalgia. This review is one of a series of reviews about exercise training for people with fibromyalgia that will replace the "Exercise for treating fibromyalgia syndrome" review first published in 2002. OBJECTIVES: • To evaluate the benefits and harms of aerobic exercise training for adults with fibromyalgia• To assess the following specific comparisons ० Aerobic versus control conditions (eg, treatment as usual, wait list control, physical activity as usual) ० Aerobic versus aerobic interventions (eg, running vs brisk walking) ० Aerobic versus non-exercise interventions (eg, medications, education) We did not assess specific comparisons involving aerobic exercise versus other exercise interventions (eg, resistance exercise, aquatic exercise, flexibility exercise, mixed exercise)...
June 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636076/prevalence-and-impact-of-obesity-in-people-with-haemophilia-review-of-literature-and-expert-discussion-around-implementing-weight-management-guidelines
#2
REVIEW
S Kahan, A Cuker, R F Kushner, J Maahs, M Recht, T Wadden, T Willis, S Majumdar, D Ungar, D Cooper
Obesity affects more than 35% of Americans, increasing the risk of more than 200 comorbid conditions, impaired quality of life and premature mortality. This review aimed to summarize literature published over the past 15 years regarding the prevalence and impact of obesity in people with haemophilia (PWH) and to discuss implementing general guidelines for weight management in the context of the haemophilia comprehensive care team. Although few studies have assessed the effects of obesity on haemophilia-specific outcomes, existing evidence indicates an important impact of weight status on lower extremity joint range of motion and functional disability, with potentially important effects on overall quality of life...
June 21, 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636068/parent-child-association-in-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour
#3
Didier Garriguet, Rachel Colley, Tracey Bushnik
BACKGROUND: Parents influence the physical activity and sedentary behaviour of their children. This analysis examines associations between parental role modeling and support and children's physical activity and sedentary behaviour. DATA AND METHODS: The sample consists of 1,328 biological parent-child pairs from the first three cycles of the Canadian Health Measures Survey (2007 through 2013). Data on physical activity and sedentary behaviour were collected using a questionnaire and by accelerometer...
June 21, 2017: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635971/exercise-among-women-with-ovarian-cancer-a-feasibility-and-pre-post-test-exploratory-pilot-study
#4
Xiaochen Zhang, Daniel McClean, Emily Ko, Mark A Morgan, Kathryn Schmitz
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To establish the feasibility and acceptability of completing a higher dose of the planned physical activity volume among women with ovarian cancer, including those undergoing active treatment. 
. DESIGN: A pre-/post-test exercise intervention. All participants were asked to complete 225 minutes per week of physical activity for 26 weeks. Multiple supports were provided, including exercise DVDs, self-reported logs, and an objective physical activity tracker (Fitbit®)...
May 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635909/-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-concurrent-with-metabolic-syndrome-pathophysiological-and-clinical-features
#5
A V Budnevsky, E S Ovsyannikov, N B Labzhania
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) still remains a serious public health problem, which is a common cause of disability and death in the able-bodied population. Furthermore, the number of patients with metabolic syndrome (MS) is steadily increasing worldwide. Recently, there is also an increase in the number of patients with COPD concurrent with MS, which is a mutually confounding risk factor for concomitant cardiovascular disease and adversely affects prognosis in these patients. Systemic subclinical inflammation is a common link between COPD and the components of MS...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635546/physical-activity-and-asthma-a-longitudinal-and-multi-country-study
#6
Melissa A Russell, Christer Janson, Francisco Gómez Real, Ane Johannessen, Marie Waatevik, Bryndis Benediktsdóttir, Mathias Holm, Eva Lindberg, Vivi Schlünssen, Wasif Raza, Shyamali C Dharmage, Cecilie Svanes
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of physical activity on asthma in middle-aged adults, in one longitudinal analysis, and one multi-centre cross-sectional analysis. METHODS: The Respiratory Health in Northern Europe (RHINE) is a population-based postal questionnaire cohort study. Physical activity, height and weight were self-reported in Bergen, Norway, at RHINE II (1999-2001) and all centres at RHINE III (2010-2012). A longitudinal analysis of Bergen data investigated the association of baseline physical activity with follow-up asthma, incident asthma and symptoms, using logistic and zero-inflated Poisson regression (n = 1782)...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635526/a-randomized-lifestyle-intervention-preventing-gestational-diabetes-effects-on-self-rated-health-from-pregnancy-to-postpartum
#7
Elina Engberg, Beata Stach-Lempinen, Kristiina Rönö, Hannu Kautiainen, Johan G Eriksson, Saila B Koivusalo
INTRODUCTION: The purpose was to examine the effects of a randomized lifestyle intervention on self-rated health from pregnancy to postpartum in participants at high risk for gestational diabetes mellitus. METHODS: We included 266 women with a history of gestational diabetes and/or prepregnancy BMI ≥30 kg/m(2). The intervention group (n = 144) received individualized counseling on diet, physical activity, and weight management from trained nurses at six timepoints between the first trimester of pregnancy and 12 months postpartum, and met three times with a dietitian...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634625/serum-antioxidant-capacity-biochemical-profile-and-body-composition-of-breast-cancer-survivors-in-a-randomized-mediterranean-dietary-intervention-study
#8
Maria Skouroliakou, D Grosomanidis, P Massara, C Kostara, P Papandreou, D Ntountaniotis, G Xepapadakis
PURPOSE: Increasing evidence suggests that Mediterranean Diet (MD) is correlated with reduced risk of breast cancer (BC) and cancer mortality, since it modifies patients' serum antioxidant capacity, body composition and biochemical parameters. The aim of the study was to investigate whether a dietary intervention based on MD has a beneficial effect on these factors. METHODS: In this intervention study, seventy female BC survivors were randomly assigned to (1) the intervention group (personalized dietary intervention based on MD) and (2) the control group (received the updated American Cancer Society Guidelines on Nutrition and Physical Activity for Cancer Prevention and ad libitum diet)...
June 20, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633656/children-s-physical-activity-during-a-segmented-school-week-results-from-a-quasi-experimental-education-outside-the-classroom-intervention
#9
Mikkel Bo Schneller, Jasper Schipperijn, Glen Nielsen, Peter Bentsen
BACKGROUND: Movement integration (MI) into traditional classroom teaching is a promising opportunity for children to increase physical activity (PA). Education outside the classroom (EOtC) can be regarded as MI, and has increased children's PA in case studies. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of EOtC on children's PA by segmenting weekly activity-related behavior into a range of day types and domains. METHODS: In a quasi-experimental design, 33 classes were recruited and participants' PA was objectively measured using accelerometers taped to the lower back...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633654/physical-activity-and-associated-factors-from-a-cross-sectional-survey-among-adults-in-northern-tanzania
#10
Beatrice John, Jim Todd, Innocent Mboya, Mary Mosha, Mark Urassa, Tara Mtuy
BACKGROUND: Insufficient physical activity (PA) is a major contributing factor in the growing problem of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in urban and rural Sub-Saharan Africa. This study aimed to determine PA and associated factors among adults in Northern Tanzania. METHODS: We analyzed secondary data from a cross-sectional serological survey nested within the Magu health and demographic sentinel surveillance population in Magu District Northwestern Tanzania. All resident adults aged 15 years and older were invited to participate in the study, and physical activity data were analyzed for 5663 participants...
June 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633502/promoting-seniors-health-with-home-care-aides-a-pilot
#11
Naoko Muramatsu, Lijuan Yin, Michael L Berbaum, David X Marquez, Donald A Jurivich, Joseph P Zanoni, Katya Y Cruz Madrid, Surrey M Walton
Purpose: Regular physical activity (PA) benefits older adults. However, frail older adults lack opportunities to be physically active. This pilot study aimed to test and enhance the feasibility of a PA program delivered by home care aides (HCAs) for community-dwelling older adults in a Medicaid-funded home care setting and to generate preliminary efficacy and cost data. Design and Methods: HCAs were trained to deliver a brief motivational enhancement and three chair-bound movements to motivate their older clients to do PA daily and to help maintain their independence in the community...
June 17, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633439/mobility-difficulties-physical-activity-and-all-cause-mortality-risk-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-older-adults
#12
Beatriz Olaya, Maria Victoria Moneta, Joan Démenech-Abella, Marta Miret, Ivet Bayes, José Luis Ayuso-Mateos, Josep Maria Haro
Background: This study sought to determine the association between levels of physical activity and mobility difficulties and time to death while accounting for the effect of several confounders. We also examined the possible interaction between them and how various daily-life mobility difficulties could predict all-cause mortality. Methods: A nationally-representative sample of 2,074 non-institutionalized adults aged 60 years and older was analyzed. Vital status over a 3-year follow-up period was ascertained through national registers or by asking participants' relatives...
June 19, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633395/is-sarcopenia-associated-with-depression-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#13
Ke-Vin Chang, Tsai-Hsuan Hsu, Wei-Ting Wu, Kuo-Chin Huang, Der-Sheng Han
Objectives: to explore whether sarcopenia is associated with depression. Design: electronic literature databases from PubMed, Scopus, Embase and Google Scholar were searched. A systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies was conducted. Setting: community and outpatient clinic. Participants: people with and without diagnoses of sarcopenia. Measurements: outcome measures of depression...
June 14, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633049/physical-activity-correlates-among-24-230-people-with-depression-across-46-low-and-middle-income-countries
#14
Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs, Joseph Firth, Mats Hallgren, Felipe Schuch, Jouni Lahti, Simon Rosenbaum, Philip B Ward, James Mugisha, André F Carvalho, Ai Koyanagi
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of nationally representative data available on the correlates of physical activity (PA) among people with depression, especially in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Thus, we investigated PA correlates among community-dwelling adults with depression in this setting. METHODS: World Health Survey data included 24,230 adults (43.1 ± 16.1 years; 36.1% male) with ICD-10 diagnoses of depression including brief depressive episode and subsyndromal depression aged ≥ 18 years from 46 LMICs...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633001/impact-of-4-weeks-of-interval-training-on-resting-metabolic-rate-fitness-and-health-related-outcomes
#15
Matthew M Schubert, Holly E Clarke, Rebekah F Seay, Katie K Spain
PURPOSE: Resting metabolic rate (RMR) and substrate oxidation (RER) are important indicators of health. The effects of interval training on RMR have not been thoroughly investigated, which was the purpose of the present study. METHODS: Thirty men and women (mean ± SD age and VO2max: 28.8 ± 7.6 yrs and 33.0 ± 8.3 mL∙kg-1∙min-1) completed 4 weeks of Wingate-based sprint interval training (SIT), repeated 1-minute high-intensity intervals (HIIT), or served as controls (CON)...
June 20, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632997/epidemiology-of-obesity-and-pharmacologic-treatment-options
#16
Vignesh Shettar, Sarang Patel, Srividya Kidambi
Prevalence of obesity and its related morbidity have increased to alarming levels in adults and children in the United States and globally. Weight loss results in improvement of much of the obesity-related morbidity. Lifestyle changes such as dietary modifications, increased physical activity, and behavioral therapy form the crux of weight management. However, many individuals need additional assistance (pharmacologic or surgical) to initiate or sustain weight loss. Pharmacologic therapy consists of a number of agents that work by decreasing appetite, gastric emptying, or nutrient absorption or by increasing satiety...
June 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632867/effect-of-an-internet-based-program-on-weight-loss-for-low-income-postpartum-women-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
Suzanne Phelan, Todd Hagobian, Anna Brannen, Karen E Hatley, Andrew Schaffner, Karen Muñoz-Christian, Deborah F Tate
Importance: Postpartum weight retention increases lifetime risk of obesity and related morbidity. Few effective interventions exist for multicultural, low-income women. Objective: To test whether an internet-based weight loss program in addition to the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC program) for low-income postpartum women could produce greater weight loss than the WIC program alone over 12 months. Design, Setting, and Participants: A 12-month, cluster randomized, assessor-blind, clinical trial enrolling 371 adult postpartum women at 12 clinics in WIC programs from the California central coast between July 2011 and May 2015 with data collection completed in May 2016...
June 20, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632496/clustering-of-chronic-diseases-risk-factors-among-adolescents-a-quasi-experimental-study-in-sousse-tunisia
#18
Emna Dendana, Rim Ghammem, Jihene Sahli, Jihen Maatoug, Sihem Ben Fredj, Imed Harrabi, Molka Chaieb, Hassen Ghannem
Background The objective of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a school-based physical activity and nutritional behavior intervention, on the reduction of clustering of chronic diseases risk factors among school children. Materials and methods A quasi-experimental school-based intervention was conducted with an intervention group and a control group in the region of Sousse in Tunisia. The intervention was implemented between 2010 and 2013, with data collected at pre and at post intervention. Studied risk factors were: smoking, sedentary behavior, low fruit and vegetable intake and obesity...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632336/serious-life-events-and-the-risk-of-latent-autoimmune-diabetes-in-adults-lada-and-type-2-diabetes
#19
B Rasouli, T Andersson, P-O Carlsson, R Hjort, J E Löfvenborg, M Martinell, L Groop, T Tuomi, S Carlsson
AIM: It has been suggested that experiencing serious life events may promote Type 1 diabetes in children. Studies in adults are lacking, as are studies on the interaction of life events with genetic factors. We aimed to investigate life events and the risk of latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA) and Type 2 diabetes while taking into account HLA genotype. METHODS: Analysis was based on 425 incident cases of LADA, 1417 incident cases of Type 2 diabetes and 1702 population-based controls recruited in Sweden between 2010 and 2016...
June 20, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632252/improving-oncology-nurses-knowledge-about-nutrition-and-physical-activity-for-cancer-survivors
#20
Merel R van Veen, Meeke Hoedjes, Joline J Versteegen, Nienke van de Meulengraaf-Wilhelm, Ellen Kampman, Sandra Beijer
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To assess what percentage of oncology nurses perceived themselves as having insufficient knowledge to provide advice on nutrition and/or physical activity (PA), which characteristics were associated with nurses' perception, and whether the content and information sources differed among those nurses.
. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study.
. SETTING: A web-based survey among oncology nurses in the Netherlands.
. SAMPLE: 355 oncology nurses provided advice on nutrition; of these, 327 provided advice on PA...
July 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
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