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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913435/assessment-of-exposure-to-air-pollution-in-children-determining-whether-wearing-a-personal-monitor-affects-physical-activity
#1
Stephanie Lovinsky-Desir, Jennifer Lawrence, Kyung Hwa Jung, Andrew G Rundle, Lori A Hoepner, Beizhan Yan, Federica Perera, Matthew S Perzanowski, Rachel L Miller, Steve N Chillrud
Personal air pollution monitoring in research studies should not interfere with usual patterns of behavior and bias results. In an urban pediatric cohort study we tested whether wearing an air monitor impacted activity time based on continuous watch-based accelerometry. The majority (71%) reported that activity while wearing the monitor mimicked normal activity. Correspondingly, variation in activity while wearing versus not wearing the monitor did not differ greatly from baseline variation in activity (P = 0...
June 15, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913349/associations-of-intention-to-undertake-physical-activity-among-community-dwelling-british-south-asian-adults-aged-60-years-and-over-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
M Horne, R Emsley, A Woodham, A Wearden, D A Skelton
OBJECTIVE: High prevalence of sedentary behaviour is seen in most immigrant groups in Western countries, particularly in those from the Indian subcontinent. The primary objective of this study was to determine the sociocognitive associations with intention to undertake physical activity (PA) among separate groups of Indian, Pakistani and Bangladeshi older adults aged ≥60 years in the North West of England, UK. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey METHODS: Using a cross-sectional survey, informed by the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB), 138 of 964 South Asian (SA) older adults completed a mailed questionnaire that assessed self-reported PA and TPB variables...
June 15, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913228/effects-of-prenatal-exposure-to-cigarettes-on-anthropometrics-energy-intake-energy-expenditure-and-screen-time-in-children
#3
Jameason D Cameron, Éric Doucet, Kristi B Adamo, Mark Walker, Alessandro Tirelli, Joel D Barnes, Kaamel Hafizi, Marisa Murray, Gary S Goldfield
BACKGROUND: Maternal prenatal smoking is associated with downstream childhood obesity. Although animal research suggests reduced resting energy expenditure (REE), decreased physical activity (PA), and increased energy intake as mechanisms, these relationships are unclear in humans. The objectives were to examine the association of prenatal maternal smoking with non-volitional energy expenditure (REE and the thermic effect of feeding [TEF]), child adiposity, energy intake, free-living PA (daily light PA (LPA), daily moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA), daily sedentary behavior (SB)), and screen time (television and computer/video game) in children...
June 15, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912978/mediterranean-diet-and-quality-of-life-baseline-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-predimed-plus-trial
#4
Iñigo Galilea-Zabalza, Pilar Buil-Cosiales, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Estefanía Toledo, Carolina Ortega-Azorín, Javier Díez-Espino, Zenaida Vázquez-Ruiz, María Dolores Zomeño, Jesús Vioque, José Alfredo Martínez, Dora Romaguera, Napoleón Perez-Farinos, José López-Miranda, Ramón Estruch, Aurora Bueno-Cavanillas, Fernando Arós, Josep Antoni Tur, Francisco Tinahones, Lluis Serra-Majem, Alba Marcos-Delgado, Manuel Ortega-Calvo, Clotilde Vázquez, Xavier Pintó, Josep Vidal, Lidia Daimiel, Miguel Delgado-Rodríguez, Pilar Matía, Dolores Corella, Andrés Diaz-López, Nancy Babio, Miguel Angel Muñoz, Montse Fitó, Sandra González-Palacios, Itziar Abete, Antonio García-Rios, Emilio Ros, Miguel Ángel Martínez-González
We assessed if a 17-item score capturing adherence to a traditional Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) was associated with better health-related quality of life among older Spanish men and women with overweight or obesity harboring the metabolic syndrome. We analyzed baseline data from 6430 men and women (age 55-70 years) participating in the PREDIMED-Plus study. PREDIMED-Plus is a multi-centre randomized trial testing an energy-restricted MedDiet combined with promotion of physical activity and behavioral therapy for primary cardiovascular prevention compared to a MedDiet alone...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912935/egocentric-networks-and-physical-activity-outcomes-in-latinas
#5
Becky Marquez, Greg Norman, James Fowler, Kim Gans, Bess Marcus
OBJECTIVE: Despite data linking the social environment to physical inactivity in Latinas, research on social network predictors of physical activity (PA) is limited. This study examined social network predictors of PA change in Latinas. METHODS: Egocentric network data were collected from 102 adult Latinas (egos) participating in a randomized controlled PA intervention trial for underactive women. Moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) was measured in minutes per week using the 7-Day PA Recall Interview and accelerometers at baseline and 12 months...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912869/reporting-bias-in-the-literature-on-the-associations-of-health-related-behaviors-and-statins-with-cardiovascular-disease-and-all-cause-mortality
#6
Leandro Fórnias Machado de Rezende, Juan Pablo Rey-López, Thiago Hérick de Sá, Nicholas Chartres, Alice Fabbri, Lauren Powell, Emmanuel Stamatakis, Lisa Bero
Reporting bias in the literature occurs when there is selective revealing or suppression of results, influenced by the direction of findings. We assessed the risk of reporting bias in the epidemiological literature on health-related behavior (tobacco, alcohol, diet, physical activity, and sedentary behavior) and cardiovascular disease mortality and all-cause mortality and provided a comparative assessment of reporting bias between health-related behavior and statin (in primary prevention) meta-analyses. We searched Medline, Embase, Cochrane Methodology Register Database, and Web of Science for systematic reviews synthesizing the associations of health-related behavior and statins with cardiovascular disease mortality and all-cause mortality published between 2010 and 2016...
June 18, 2018: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912669/social-identification-exercise-participation-and-positive-exercise-experiences-evidence-from-parkrun
#7
Mark Stevens, Tim Rees, Remco Polman
Growing evidence suggests that social identities may have profound implications for physical activity participation. Real-world examinations of this relationship have, however, been lacking, with research predominantly examining intentions and hypothetical scenarios. To address this shortcoming and further advance understanding in this area, the present study tested relationships between group identification, participation, two exercise-specific outcomes (exercise-specific satisfaction and group cohesion), and a broad health indicator (life satisfaction) among individuals recruited from parkrun...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912666/comparing-actigraph-equations-for-estimating-energy-expenditure-in-older-adults
#8
Nicolas Aguilar-Farias, G M E E Geeske Peeters, Robert J Brychta, Kong Y Chen, Wendy J Brown
Accurate estimation of energy expenditure (EE) from accelerometer outputs remains a challenge in older adults. The aim of this study was to validate different ActiGraph (AG) equations for predicting EE in older adults. Forty older adults (age = 77.4 ± 8.1 yrs) completed a set of household/gardening activities in their residence, while wearing an AG at the hip (GT3X+) and a portable calorimeter (MetaMax 3B - criterion). Predicted EEs from AG were calculated using five equations (Freedson, refined Crouter, Sasaki and Santos-Lozano (vertical-axis, vectormagnitude))...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912626/associations-of-object-control-motor-skill-proficiency-game-play-competence-physical-activity-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-among-primary-school-children
#9
Andrew Miller, Narelle Eather, Mitch Duncan, David Revalds Lubans
This study investigated if object control relates to children's game play competence, and examined these competencies as correlates of physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness. Game play (Game Performance Assessment Instrument), object control (The Test Gross Motor Development-3), moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (Accelerometry), and cardiorespiratory fitness (20-metre shuttle) assessments were completed for 107 children (57% Female, 43% Male) aged 9-12 years (M 10.53, SD 0.65). Two-level regression of object control on game play competence, and object control and game play competence on physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness assessed associations...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912394/circulating-vitamin-d-and-colorectal-cancer-risk-an-international-pooling-project-of-17-cohorts
#10
Marjorie L McCullough, Emilie S Zoltick, Stephanie J Weinstein, Veronika Fedirko, Molin Wang, Nancy R Cook, A Heather Eliassen, Anne Zeleniuch-Jacquotte, Claudia Agnoli, Demetrius Albanes, Matthew J Barnett, Julie E Buring, Peter T Campbell, Tess V Clendenen, Neal D Freedman, Susan M Gapstur, Edward L Giovannucci, Gary G Goodman, Christopher A Haiman, Gloria Y F Ho, Ronald L Horst, Tao Hou, Wen-Yi Huang, Mazda Jenab, Michael E Jones, Corinne E Joshu, Vittorio Krogh, I-Min Lee, Jung Eun Lee, Satu Männistö, Loic Le Marchand, Alison M Mondul, Marian L Neuhouser, Elizabeth A Platz, Mark P Purdue, Elio Riboli, Trude Eid Robsahm, Thomas E Rohan, Shizuka Sasazuki, Minouk J Schoemaker, Sabina Sieri, Meir J Stampfer, Anthony J Swerdlow, Cynthia A Thomson, Steinar Tretli, Schoichiro Tsugane, Giske Ursin, Kala Visvanathan, Kami K White, Kana Wu, Shiaw-Shyuan Yaun, Xuehong Zhang, Walter C Willett, Mitchel H Gail, Regina G Ziegler, Stephanie A Smith-Warner
Background: Experimental and epidemiological studies suggest a protective role for vitamin D in colorectal carcinogenesis, but evidence is inconclusive. Circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations that minimize risk are unknown. Current Institute of Medicine (IOM) vitamin D guidance is based solely on bone health. Methods: We pooled participant-level data from 17 cohorts, comprising 5706 colorectal cancer case participants and 7107 control participants with a wide range of circulating 25(OH)D concentrations...
June 14, 2018: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911635/migraine-co-existing-tension-type-headache-and-neck-pain-validation-of-questionnaires
#11
Lotte Skytte Krøll, Catharina Sjödahl Hammarlund, Rigmor Højland Jensen, Gunvor Gard
Aabstract Background and aim Migraine often includes co-existing tension-type headache (TTH) and neck pain (NP). Multiple headache questionnaires assessing headache impact have beendescribed previously; however, none of the existing questionnaires have been designed to cover migraine with co-existing TTH and NP. Therefore a new questionnaire was developed to measure these co-morbidities. The aim was to determine face and content validity of the newly developed questionnaire, "Impact of Migraine, Tension-Type Headache and Neck Pain" (impact M-TTH-NP) and to determine face and content validity of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ short form), Migraine-Specific Quality of Life Questionnaire (MSQ v...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911513/prevalence-and-risk-factor-analysis-of-iron-deficiency-and-iron-deficiency-anaemia-among-female-adolescents-in-the-gaza-strip-palestine
#12
Marwan O Jalambo, Norimah A Karim, Ihab A Naser, Razinah Sharif
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to determine the prevalence of anaemia, iron deficiency (ID) and iron-deficiency anaemia (IDA) among female adolescents in the Gaza Strip, Palestine, as well as the risk factors involved in these conditions. DESIGN: The study was conducted using the quantitative descriptive method with a cross-sectional design. Data were collected using an FFQ and sociodemographic, sedentary behaviour and physical activity questionnaires. Anthropometric measurements and blood analyses were also conducted...
June 18, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911290/physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-in-older-gastrointestinal-cancer-survivors-need-and-acceptability-of-digital-health-interventions
#13
Ashley B Sanders, David E Conroy, Kathryn H Schmitz, Niraj Gusani
PURPOSE: This study aimed to characterize physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) profiles in older gastrointestinal (GI) cancer survivors, assess their interest in interventions to modify these behaviors, and evaluate the acceptability of digital tools for delivering interventions to modify these behaviors. METHODS: Survivors (M = 65 years) from an outpatient survivorship clinic at the Penn State Cancer Institute completed a questionnaire during a clinic appointment...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911083/displaced-midshaft-clavicle-fracture-in-athletes-should-we-operate
#14
Neydson André Solposto Marques de Souza, Paulo Santoro Belangero, Eduardo Antônio de Figueiredo, Alberto de Casto Pochini, Carlos Vicente Andreoli, Benno Ejnisman
Objective: To assess the results of the treatment of fractures of the middle third of the clavicle with a pre-contoured plate in athletes. Methods: The authors performed 26 osteosyntheseis in 25 patients with fractures of the middle third of the clavicle. The fractures were classified according to Robinson as 16 type B1 and ten type B2. The mean age was 37 years, ranging from 15 to 63 years, 20 patients were male and five were female, and all play sports in an amateur or professional manner...
March 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911019/sub-population-differences-in-the-relationship-between-the-neighborhood-environment-and-latinas-daily-walking-and-vehicle-time
#15
Natalicio Serrano, Lilian G Perez, Jordan Carlson, Kevin Patrick, Jacqueline Kerr, Christina Holub, Elva M Arredondo
Background: Over 60% of Latinas report not meeting moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) guidelines of 150 minutes/week. Ecological models of health posit that intrapersonal and environmental factors interact with one another to influence physical activity. Understanding their interactions in relation to transportation behaviors may inform interventions to increase Latinas' physical activity. Purpose: To 1) objectively estimate walking and vehicle time in Latinas, 2) examine the association of, and interactions between, intrapersonal (socio-demographics and weight status) and neighborhood environmental correlates with objective daily walking and vehicle time...
March 2018: Journal of Transport & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910755/promoting-well-being-in-old-age-the-psychological-benefits-of-two-training-programs-of-adapted-physical-activity
#16
Antonella Delle Fave, Marta Bassi, Elena S Boccaletti, Carlotta Roncaglione, Giuseppina Bernardelli, Daniela Mari
In the last few decades, the relationship between physical conditions and mental health has increasingly attracted the interest of researchers and professionals across disciplines. This relationship is especially relevant in old age, as the challenges posed by aging at various levels represent crucial concerns for policy makers. Due to the remarkable increase in life expectancy across countries, sustainable prevention strategies are needed to help individuals preserve psychophysical well-being in old age. In particular, the regular practice of a moderately intense physical activity is recommended by the World Health Organization to enhance balance, prevent falls, strengthen muscles, and promote psychophysical well-being...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910441/organized-sport-participation-and-physical-activity-levels-among-adolescents-with-functional-limitations
#17
Kwok Ng, Pauli Rintala, Yeshayahu Hutzler, Sami Kokko, Jorma Tynjälä
Sufficient and regular physical activity is considered a protective factor, reducing the onset of secondary disability conditions in adolescents with chronic diseases and functional limitations. The aim of this study was to explore whether participation in organized sport may be associated to higher levels of physical activity in adolescents with functional limitations, based on a national representative sample. Data from the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study collected in Finland from two data collection rounds (2002 and 2010) were conducted and pooled from adolescents aged between 13 and 15 years old with functional limitations ( n = 1041)...
October 19, 2017: Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910435/to-take-the-stairs-or-not-to-take-the-stairs-employing-the-reflective%C3%A2-impulsive-model-to-predict-spontaneous-physical-activity
#18
Marcos Daou, Keith R Lohse, Matthew W Miller
The reflective⁻impulsive model (RIM) has been employed to explain various health behaviors. The present study used RIM to predict a spontaneous physical activity behavior. Specifically, 107 participants (75 females; Mage = 20.6 years, SD = 1.92 years) completed measures of (1) reflections about spontaneous physical activity, as indexed by self-report questionnaire; (2) impulse toward physical activity, as indexed by the manikin task; and (3) (state) self-control, as indexed by the Stroop task. The dependent variable was whether participants took the stairs or the elevator to the study laboratory...
September 29, 2017: Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910434/the-relationship-between-actual-fundamental-motor-skill-proficiency-perceived-motor-skill-confidence-and-competence-and-physical-activity-in-8%C3%A2-12-year-old-irish-female-youth
#19
Orlagh Farmer, Sarahjane Belton, Wesley O'Brien
This study examines the relationship between actual fundamental motor skill (FMS) proficiency, perceived motor confidence and competence, and physical activity (PA) among female children ( n = 160; mean age = 10.69 ± 1.40 years). The Test of Gross Motor Development-2nd Edition (TGMD-2) was used to assess seven FMSs (locomotor, object-control, and stability). Motor confidence and competence were assessed using a valid skill-specific scale, and a modified version of the Self-Perception Profile for Children. PA levels were assessed using self-report (PA Questionnaire for Older Children (PAQ-C)) and classified as low, moderate, and high active...
September 27, 2017: Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910418/are-we-compensating-for-the-lack-of-physical-activity-in-our-diabetic-patients-with-treatment-intensification
#20
Maja Cigrovski Maja Cigrovski Berkovic, Ines Bilic-Curcic, Marina Gradiser, Davorka Herman-Mahecic, Vjekoslav Cigrovski, Marul Ivandic
BACKGROUND: We studied the association between leisure time physical activity (LTPA) and glycemic control, body mass index (BMI), and hypoglycemic incidents in type 1 (T1DM) and type 2 diabetes patients (T2DM). METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of 198 diabetic patients (60 with type 1 diabetes, 138 with type 2 diabetes). LTPA was assessed by a validated 12-month questionnaire. Patients were grouped as sedentary and moderately to vigorously active. Outcome measures were Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), BMI, and hypoglycemic episodes...
August 7, 2017: Sports (Basel)
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